Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 27, 2018                        USDL-18-1057

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 350 of the 388 metropolitan 
areas, higher in 20 areas, and unchanged in 18 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Ninety-six areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent 
and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased 
over the year in 332 metropolitan areas, decreased in 52 areas, and was unchanged in 4 
areas. The national unemployment rate in May was 3.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted, 
down from 4.1 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent. Yuma, AZ, had the 
highest unemployment rate, 16.0 percent. A total of 191 areas had May jobless rates 
below the U.S. rate of 3.6 percent, 175 areas had rates above it, and 22 areas had 
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Farmington, NM, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May (-2.2 
percentage points). An additional 52 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage 
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Morgantown, WV (+0.8 
percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO; Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI; Nashville-
Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN; and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA, had the 
lowest unemployment rates in May, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the 
highest jobless rate among the large areas, 4.9 percent. Forty-eight large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, one had an increase, and two had no change. 
The largest rate decrease occurred in Pittsburgh, PA (-1.3 percentage points). The lone 
rate increase occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (+0.3 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, 
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment 
rates among the divisions, 2.0 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest 
division rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In May, 33 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 3 had 
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL, and Philadelphia, PA (-1.2 percentage points each). None of the 
over-the-year jobless rate increases exceeded 0.4 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, 332 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 
52 had decreases, and 4 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases 
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+122,000), New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
NY-NJ-PA (+116,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+81,200). The largest 
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+11.3 percent), 
Ocean City, NJ (+7.4 percent), and Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN (+7.0 percent). (See 
table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, 
OH-PA (-2,500), followed by Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL (-2,400), and Corpus 
Christi, TX (-1,800). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment 
occurred in Victoria, TX (-2.4 percent), followed by Enid, OK, and Sebring, FL (-2.3 
percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in 
employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 
(+3.5 percent), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.4 percent), and Austin-Round Rock, TX, 
and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (+3.3 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions 
over the year and fell in Gary, IN (-200). The largest over-the-year increase in 
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, NY-NJ (+97,900), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+90,700), and Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+63,900). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+3.8 percent), 
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX, and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA (+3.5 percent each). 
The over-the-year percentage decrease occurred in Gary, IN (-0.1 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released 
on Friday, July 20, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 1, 
2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



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Last Modified Date: June 27, 2018