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Economic News Release
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, July 29, 2020			  USDL-20-1464

Technical information:
 Employment:  *
 Unemployment:  *
Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *


Unemployment rates were higher in June than a year earlier in 388 of the 389
metropolitan areas and lower in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 218 areas had jobless rates of less than 10.0
percent and 6 areas had rates of at least 20.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment decreased over the year in 307 metropolitan areas and was essentially
unchanged in 82 areas. The national unemployment rate in June was 11.2 percent,
not seasonally adjusted, up from 3.8 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions
as those used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain
to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are from an establishment
survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These
data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by
these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ, had the highest unemployment rate in June, 34.3
percent. Logan, UT-ID, and Idaho Falls, ID, had the lowest unemployment rates,
3.5 percent and 3.6 percent, respectively. A total of 267 areas had June jobless
rates below the U.S. rate of 11.2 percent, 116 areas had rates above it, and
6 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate increase occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, NJ (+29.9 percentage points). Rates rose over the year by at least
10.0 percentage points in an additional 31 areas. Owensboro, KY, was the only
area with an unemployment rate decline relative to June 2019, however slight
(-0.2 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, had
the highest unemployment rates in June, 18.1 percent and 18.0 percent, respectively.
Salt Lake City, UT, had the lowest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.2 percent,
followed by Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, 6.4 percent. All 51 large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate increases, the largest of which were in Boston-
Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+14.0 percentage
points each). The smallest rate increase occurred in Louisville/Jefferson County,
KY-IN (+2.2 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In June, Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH, had the highest unemployment rate
among the divisions, 23.4 percent. Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD, had
the lowest division rate, 8.0 percent. (See table 2.)

In June, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate increases,
the largest of which was in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH (+19.2 percentage
points). The smallest rate increases occurred in Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville,
MD (+4.7 percentage points), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+4.8 points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, 307 metropolitan areas had over-the-year decreases in nonfarm payroll
employment and 82 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment
decreases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (-1,549,100),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (-650,400), and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI
(-466,800). The largest over-the-year percentage losses in employment occurred in
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (-29.2 percent), Ocean City, NJ (-28.7 percent), and
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (-26.5 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment declined in all of the 51 metropolitan areas with
a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
decreases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in New York-
Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (-15.4 percent), Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (-14.0
percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (-13.8 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in all of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year. The largest over-the-year decrease in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (-1,148,300), followed
by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (-457,400), and Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, IL (-366,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Haverhill-
Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH (-16.9 percent), Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA (-15.9
percent), and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH (-15.8 percent). 

The State Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be
released on Friday, August 21, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, September 2, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
|										  |
|              Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020		  |
|                    Establishment and Household Survey Data			  |
|										  |
| BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for    |
| the establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation	  |
| processes, the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment.	  |
| Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment	  |
| survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES)	  |
| program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment 	  |
| change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19,  |
| the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable.	  |
| Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the |
| May final and June preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these	  |
| reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model. In	  |
| addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the	  |
| reports that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero	  |
| employment. For more information, see	  |
| 										  |
| In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or  |
| any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as	  |
| employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are	  |
| temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are	  |
| not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The	  |
| length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the	  |
| establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period,         |
| slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a      |
| small amount monthly.								  |
|										  |
| For the June 2020 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the	  |
| Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement	  |
| level-shift outliers in the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the models,|
| based on statistical evaluation of movements in each area's inputs. Both the    |
| Current Population Survey inputs, which serve as the primary inputs to the LAUS |
| models, and the nonfarm payroll employment and unemployment insurance claims    |
| covariates were examined for outliers. The resulting implementation of level    |
| shifts preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise |
| would have discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create       |
| estimates at other points in the time series.					  |
|										  |
| The "Frequently asked questions" document at 					  |
| extensively	  |
| discusses the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the 	  |
| national estimates for June 2020. Despite the considerable decline in its       |
| degree relative to prior months, this misclassification continued to be         |
| widespread geographically, with BLS analysis indicating that most states again  |
| were affected to at least some extent. However, according to usual practice,    |
| the data from the household survey are accepted as recorded. To maintain data   |
| integrity, no ad hoc actions are taken to reclassify survey responses. Hence,   |
| the household survey estimates of employed and unemployed people that serve as  |
| the primary inputs to the state models were affected to varying degrees by the  |
| misclassification, which in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for June  |
| 2020. Similar misclassifications had occurred in the household survey for       |
| March (see,    |
| April (see,|
| and May (see|
|										  |
| Household data for substate areas are controlled to the employment and	  |
| unemployment totals for their respective model-based areas. Hence, the	  |
| preliminary June and revised May estimates for substate areas reflect the use	  |
| of level-shift outliers, where implemented, in the inputs for their model-based |
| control areas. The substate area estimates for both months also were impacted	  |
| by misclassification in the household survey, in proportion to the impacts of	  |
| the misclassifications on the data for their model-based control areas.	  |
|										  |
| Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a	  |
| monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Due to the	  |
| effects of the pandemic and efforts to contain the virus, Puerto Rico had not	  |
| been able to conduct its household survey for March or April 2020. Data	  |
| collection resumed effective May 2020, and BLS resumed publication of data for  |
| Puerto Rico beginning with the State Employment and Unemployment news release	  |
| for June 2020 on July 17, 2020. BLS is resuming publication of data for Puerto  |
| Rico's local areas beginning with this news release. The Puerto Rico Department |
| of Labor reported a misclassification in its household survey for May and June  |
| similar in nature to the misclassification in the Current Population Survey,	  |
| which affected the local area data proportionally.				  |

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Last Modified Date: July 29, 2020