For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 27, 2019 USDL-19-2070
Employment: (202) 691-6559 * firstname.lastname@example.org * www.bls.gov/sae
Unemployment: (202) 691-6392 * email@example.com * www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov
METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2019
Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 240 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 121 areas, and unchanged in 28 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 153 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2 areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 49
metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in the remaining 340 areas. The national
unemployment rate in October was 3.3 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 3.5 percent
a year earlier.
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, Ames, IA, and Burlington-South Burlington, VT, had the lowest unemployment rates,
1.3 percent each. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rates, 21.2
percent and 16.1 percent, respectively. A total of 188 areas had October jobless rates below
the U.S. rate of 3.3 percent, 182 areas had rates above it, and 19 areas had rates equal to
that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Yuma, AZ, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October (-2.4 percentage
points). Thirty-three other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The
largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Grand Island, NE (+1.8 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Salt Lake
City, UT, had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 1.9 percent. New Orleans-Metairie, LA,
had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 4.4 percent. Thirty-nine large areas had
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and four had no change. The
largest rate decreases occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (-1.3 percentage points), and
Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-1.2 points). The largest jobless rate increase was in Pittsburgh, PA
(+0.6 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, San Francisco-Redwood
City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 1.9 percent.
Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)
In October, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 8 had
increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia,
MI, and Elgin, IL (-0.9 percentage point each). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase
occurred in Philadelphia, PA (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, 49 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
and 340 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+98,700), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+84,600),
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+80,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC (+5.2 percent); Reno, NV,
and Wilmington, NC (+4.7 percent each); and Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL, and Ogden-Clearfield, UT
(+4.3 percent each). (See table 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 32 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 19 areas. The
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL, and San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX (+3.4 percent
each), Raleigh, NC (+3.3 percent), and Jacksonville, FL (+3.2 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year and was essentially unchanged in 29 divisions. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+87,300),
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+61,700), and New York-Jersey City-White
Plains, NY-NJ (+57,700). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving,
TX, and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+3.3 percent each), Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.1 percent), and Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA (+2.1 percent).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Friday, December 20, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 3, 2020,
at 10:00 a.m. (EST).