Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • Chained CPI-U index for new vehicles will begin publication on October 12, 2018 Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

RSS

Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.2% in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +201,000(p) in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.10(p) in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -0.1%(p) in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.6% in 2nd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.9% in 2nd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.6% in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.1% in Aug 2018 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

September 2018 CPI data are scheduled to be released on October 11, 2018, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.2% in August as shelter, energy indexes increase

09/13/2018

In August, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.2 percent seasonally adjusted; rising 2.7 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in August (SA); up 2.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer prices up 2.7 percent over year ended August 2018

Over the 12 months from August 2017 to August 2018, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 2.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted. The August increase was smaller than the 2.9 percent increase for the 12 months ending July. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Improving initial estimates of the Chained Consumer Price Index

An examination of the reasoning underlying the most recent update to the formula used to produce the preliminary Chained Consumer Price Index. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

Beyond the Numbers article image

Arlington Memorial Bridge spans the decades as a study in long-term price change

This article examines the history of the Arlington Memorial Bridge and compares the original construction with a contemporary proposed rebuilding of it, which provides an interesting illustration of long-term price change in the United States, with the help of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data. read more »