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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • Starting in January 2022, weights for the Consumer Price Index will be calculated based on consumer expenditure data from 2019-2020. The BLS considered interventions, but decided to maintain normal procedures. Read More »
  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on CPI data Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.4% in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 4.8% in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +194,000(p) in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.19(p) in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.5%(p) in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.7% in 2nd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +0.4% in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.1% in Sep 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.4% in September; food, shelter among indexes rising

10/13/2021

In September, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.4 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 5.4 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in September (SA); up 4.0 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

October 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on November 10, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Consumer Price Index rose 5.3 percent over the year ending August 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 5.3 percent for the 12 months ending August 2021, a smaller increase than the 5.4-percent rise for the period ending July. The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.0 percent over the last 12 months, also a smaller increase than the period ending July. The energy index rose 25.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the food index increased 3.7 percent; both were larger than the increases for the 12-month period ending July. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Measuring consumer price change during economic downturns: a review of assumptions about consumer spending

During economic downturns, how do these measures help in analyzing price change, and what can we assume about consumption? This Beyond the Numbers article explores the final C-CPI-U during the Great Recession and the recession that occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the article evaluates consumer spending assumptions of the CPI-U and preliminary C-CPI-U during these recessionary periods to highlight challenges of lagged consumer spending data. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Industry on Tap: Wineries

This Spotlight on Statistics examines historical employment trends for wineries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends for wages, number of establishments, and consumer prices in the winery industry and compares them to trends among distilleries, breweries, and soft drink and ice manufacturing. Let's take a look. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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From the barrel to the pump: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on prices for petroleum products

This article details price movements for petroleum products in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. read more »