The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) program produces data on job openings, hires, and separations.
Errors in JOLTS Federal government estimates
BLS identified errors in the JOLTS Federal government hires, total separations, and layoffs and discharges estimates from January 2011-June 2018. On June 12, 2018, BLS suppressed these data from the LABSTAT database. For more information on this error and correction plans, please visit: www.bls.gov/bls/errata/jolts-errata-06122018.htm.
JOLTS Data by Firm Size
JOLTS staff have produced a research series of size class estimates based on firm size for December 2000 through December 2016. These firm size data are a new and different product than the JOLTS establishment size data that have been produced since 2010. As with the establishment size class data, the firm size class data cover only the private sector. The experimental firm size class estimates and information regarding the methodology are available on the JOLTS firm size class page.
Download SA estimates
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- Job Openings and Labor Turnover data for July 2018 are scheduled to be released September 11, 2018, at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.
Job openings were little changed at 6.7 million on the last business day of June. Over the month, hires
and separations were little changed at 5.7 million and 5.5 million, respectively.
- Charlotte Oslund "Exploring labor market trends through JOLTS firm-size data"
- Kimberly Riley "Measuring employer and employee confidence in the economy: the quits-to-layoffs-and-discharges ratio"
- Blanka Thibaud "Job openings, hires, and separations rise, but at a slower pace, in 2016"
- Ainslie MacLeod "Job openings, hires, and separations return to prerecession levels in 2015"
- Charlotte Oslund "Which industries need workers? Exploring differences in labor market activity"
- Katherine Bauer "Comparison of U.S. and international labor turnover statistics"
- Kevin S. Dubina "Job openings reach a new high, hires and quits also increase"
- Megan Sweitzer "Job openings continue to rise in 2013"
- Katherine Bauer "Examination of state-level labor turnover survey data"
- Kendra C. Hathaway "Job openings continue to grow in 2012, hires and separations less so"
- Katherine Bauer "Analysis of JOLTS Research Estimates by Size of Firm"
- Guy L. Podgornik "Job openings and hires continue to show modest changes in 2011"
- Katherine Bauer Klemmer and Robert Lazaneo "Job openings and hires show little postrecession improvement"
- Caryn N. Bruyere, Guy L. Podgornik, and James R. Spletzer "Employment dynamics over the last decade"
- Mark deWolf and Katherine Klemmer "Job openings, hires, and separations fall during the recession"
- Katherine Klemmer “Job availability during a recession: an examination of the number of unemployed persons per job opening”
- John Wohlford "Methodological Changes in the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey"
- Katherine Klemmer “Job openings and hires decline in 2008”
- Zhi Boon “Job openings, hires, and turnover decrease in 2007”
- Zhi Boon, Charles M. Carson, R. Jason Faberman, and Randy E. Ilg, “Studying the labor market using BLS labor dynamics data”
- Brady Stephens and Kim Riley, “Developing Annual Estimates of Hires and Separations”
- Kelly A. Clark, “The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey: what initial data show”
- John Wohlford, Mary Anne Phillips, Richard Clayton, and George Werking, “Reconciling Labor Turnover and Employment Statistics”
- Kelly A. Clark and Mary Anne Phillips, “A Comparison of Job Openings Surveys: Concepts and Survey Design”
- Kelly A. Clark, “What an Indicator of Labor Demand Means for U.S. Labor Market Analysis: Initial Results from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey”
- Kelly A. Clark, Mary Anne Phillips, and Brady Stephens, “The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey: Preparing to Publish Data for a New Survey”
- Kelly A. Clark and Rosemary Hyson, “New tools for labor market analysis: JOLTS” (PDF 41K)
- Mark Crankshaw and George Stamas, “Sample Design in the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey”
- Charlotte Mueller and John Wohlford, “Developing a New Business Survey: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey at the Bureau of Labor Statistics”
- Mary Anne Phillips and Charlotte Mueller, “The Genesis of an Establishment Survey: Research and Development for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey at the BLS”
- JOLTS Basic (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 24K)
- JOLTS Temporary Help/Professional Employer Organization Industry (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 23K)
- JOLTS Education Industry (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 23K)
Revisions to the JOLTS Data
With the release of January 2018 data on March 16, job openings, hires, and separations data have been revised to incorporate annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) seasonal adjustment factors. Tables showing the revisions from 2013 through 2017 can be found using this link: https://www.bls.gov/jlt/revisiontables.htm
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma and August 2017 JOLTS data
JOLTS Data by Establishment Size
JOLTS staff are conducting research on the development of data by size class, and have produced a research series of size class estimates stretching back to December of 2000, when the JOLTS series began. These experimental size class estimates are now available upon request. These data are based on size of establishment and cover only the total private sector. This experimental series will be updated periodically, as resources permit. To obtain these data, please contact us by e-mail or (202) 691-5870. For information regarding the methodology used to develop the size class data please view our size class methodology.
August 2011 estimates of hires, separations, and job openings originally published on October 12, 2011, had not been adjusted to account for a strike in the information industry. With the September release, August estimates reflect both regular revisions and corrections. For further assistance, see www.bls.gov/bls/errata/jolts_corrections_11082011.htm.
With the release of January 2009 data on March 10, 2009, BLS implemented improvements to the methodology used to generate estimates of hires, separations, and job openings from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) program. These changes were designed to improve the measurement of hires, separations, and openings and to more closely align the hires and separations estimates with monthly employment change as measured by the BLS Current Employment Statistics (establishment) survey. All JOLTS historical series were revised to incorporate the new methods. For general information about the improvements in our methodology, please see (www.bls.gov/jlt/methodologyimprovement.htm).
Other BLS Programs
Business Employment Dynamics—quarterly data series of job gains and job losses statistics, generated from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program.
- Current Employment Statistics (National)— monthly national data by detailed industry on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on the payrolls of nonfarm establishments.
- Current Population Survey— monthly data on the labor force, employment, unemployment and persons not in the labor force. It also provides monthly data on job losers and job leavers and biennial data on displaced workers.
- Mass Layoff Statistics— reports on mass layoff actions that result in workers being separated from their jobs.
Other Useful Links
- CareerOneStop— a source of helpful job search information.
- America's Career InfoNet (ACINet)— helps people make more informed career decisions. America's Career InfoNet is ideal for job seekers, employers, human resource specialists and workforce development specialists.
For additional information concerning the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), contact a JOLTS staff member at:
- Email: Contact JOLTS staff by email
- Telephone number: (202) 691-5870
- Fax number: (202) 691-6645
- Postal address:
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001
Survey participants who need assistance in completing their monthly report, call 1-800-341-4620.
Latest Job Openings Level:
6,662,000(p) in Jun 2018
Latest Job Openings Rate:
4.3%(p) in Jun 2018
Latest Hires Rate:
3.8%(p) in Jun 2018
Latest Turnover Rate:
3.7%(p) in Jun 2018
Latest Quits Rate:
2.3%(p) in Jun 2018
Latest Layoffs/Discharges Rate:
1.2%(p) in Jun 2018
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