Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary



For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, July 20, 2022	USDL-22-1519
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870    JoltsInfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

                           STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER  MAY 2022

Job openings rates decreased in 11 states and the District of Columbia, increased in 3 states, and were 
little changed in 36 states on the last business day of May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Hires rates decreased in 3 states, increased in 3 states, and were little changed in 44 states and the 
District of Columbia. Total separations rates decreased in 7 states, increased in 3 states, and were little 
changed in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Nationally, the job openings rate decreased in May 
while hires and total separations rates were unchanged. (See tables A-E.)

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector and for all states and the District of Columbia. 

Job Openings

In May, job openings rates decreased in 11 states and the District of Columbia. Job openings rates 
increased in 3 states. The largest decreases in job openings rates occurred in Illinois (-1.5 percentage 
points) and in Georgia and Hawaii (-1.3 points each). Increases in job openings rates occurred in 
Massachusetts (+0.6 point) as well as Connecticut and Pennsylvania (+0.5 percentage point each). Over 
the month, the national job openings rate decreased (-0.3 percentage point). (See table A.)

The number of job openings decreased in 12 states and the District of Columbia in May. Job openings
increased in 3 states. The largest decreases in the job openings level occurred in Illinois  
(-102,000), and in Florida and Georgia (-69,000 each). Increases in the job openings level occurred in 
Pennsylvania (+30,000), Massachusetts (+29,000), and Connecticut (+9,000). Nationally, the number of 
job openings decreased over the month (-427,000). (See table A.)

Hires

In May, hires rates decreased in 3 states and increased in 3 states. The decreases in hires rates occurred 
in Oklahoma (-1.3 percentage points), Alabama (-0.7 point), and Virginia (-0.5 point). Increases in hires 
rates occurred in Nevada (+1.1 percentage points), Ohio (+0.7 point), and Missouri (+0.6 point). The 
national hires rate was unchanged. (See table B.)

The number of hires increased in 2 states and decreased in 2 states in May. Increases in the hires level 
occurred in Ohio (+42,000) and Nevada (+15,000). Decreases occurred in Oklahoma (-22,000) and 
Alabama (-15,000). Nationally, the number of hires was little changed over the month. (See table B.)

Total Separations

In May, total separations rates decreased in 7 states and increased in 3 states. The largest decreases in 
total separations rates occurred in Indiana (-0.9 percentage point) and in Illinois and Kentucky (-0.8 
point each). Increases occurred in Florida (+1.1 percentage points), Michigan (+0.8 point), and 
California (+0.5 point). The national total separations rate was unchanged over the month. (See table C.)

The number of total separations decreased in 6 states in May and increased in 4 states. The largest 
decreases in the total separations level occurred in Illinois (-47,000), Indiana (-27,000), and Virginia	
(-26,000). The largest increases in the total separations level occurred in Florida (+105,000), California 
(+95,000), and Michigan (+37,000). Nationally, the number of total separations was little changed in 
May. (See table C.)
 
Quits

In May, quits rates decreased in 7 states and increased in 2 states. The largest decreases in quits rates 
occurred in New Jersey (-0.7 percentage point), Indiana (-0.6 point) as well as Nebraska and Oklahoma 
(-0.5 point each). Increases in quits rates occurred in Florida and Pennsylvania (+0.7 percentage point 
each). Over the month, the national quits rate was little changed. (See table D.)

The number of quits decreased in 7 states and increased in 2 states in May. The largest decreases in the 
quits level occurred in New Jersey (-29,000), Indiana (-17,000), and Massachusetts (-13,000). Increases 
in the quits level occurred in Florida (+64,000) and in Pennsylvania (+38,000). Nationally, the number 
of quits was little changed over the month. (See table D.)
 
Layoffs and Discharges

In May, layoffs and discharges rates decreased in 7 states and increased in 4 states. The largest 
decreases in layoffs and discharges rates occurred in Virginia (-0.6 percentage point), Illinois (-0.5 
point) and in Indiana and Tennessee (-0.4 point each). The increases in layoffs and discharges rates 
occurred in Michigan (+1.0 percentage point), Florida (+0.4 point), and in California and New Jersey 
(+0.3 point). The national layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged. (See table E.)

The number of layoffs and discharges increased in 5 states and decreased in 4 states in May. The 
largest increases in the layoffs and discharges level occurred in California (+56,000), Michigan 
(+45,000), and Florida (+38,000). The largest decreases in the layoffs and discharges level occurred in 
Illinois (-32,000), Virginia (-23,000), and Indiana (-11,000). Nationally, the number of layoffs and 
discharges was little changed over the month. (See table E.)

For more information, please see the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) interactive 
charts at www.bls.gov/charts/state-job-openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  
	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey State estimates for June 2022 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, August 17, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Table A: States with significant changes in job openings from Apr 2022 to May 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Apr   |   May  | Over-the-month |   Apr  |   May  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............|11,681  |11,254  |     -427       |   7.2  |   6.9  |     -0.3        
Alabama................|   157  |   148  |       -9*      |   7.1  |   6.6  |     -0.5
Arizona................|   222  |   200  |      -22       |   6.8  |   6.2  |     -0.6*
Connecticut............|   111  |   120  |        9       |   6.3  |   6.8  |      0.5
District of Columbia...|    57  |    46  |      -11       |   6.9  |   5.7  |     -1.2
Florida................|   729  |   660  |      -69       |   7.3  |   6.6  |     -0.7
Georgia................|   436  |   367  |      -69       |   8.4  |   7.1  |     -1.3
Hawaii.................|    54  |    45  |       -9       |   8.2  |   6.9  |     -1.3
Illinois...............|   507  |   405  |     -102       |   7.8  |   6.3  |     -1.5
Indiana................|   250  |   229  |      -21       |   7.3  |   6.7  |     -0.6
Iowa...................|   131  |   120  |      -11       |   7.7  |   7.1  |     -0.6
Kansas.................|   110  |   100  |      -10       |   7.3  |   6.7  |     -0.6*
Massachusetts..........|   309  |   338  |       29       |   7.8  |   8.4  |      0.6
Nebraska...............|    86  |    79  |       -7       |   7.7  |   7.1  |     -0.6
New York...............|   581  |   538  |      -43       |   5.8  |   5.4  |     -0.4
North Dakota...........|    36  |    32  |       -4       |   7.8  |   7.0  |     -0.8
Pennsylvania...........|   448  |   478  |       30       |   7.0  |   7.5  |      0.5
Wisconsin..............|   252  |   226  |      -26       |   7.9  |   7.2  |     -0.7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
   
   
Table B: States with significant changes in hires from Apr 2022 to May 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Apr   |   May  | Over-the-month |   Apr  |   May  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 6,527  | 6,489  |      -38       |   4.3  |   4.3  |      0.0        
Alabama................|   104  |    89  |      -15       |   5.0  |   4.3  |     -0.7
Missouri...............|   114  |   129  |       15*      |   3.9  |   4.5  |      0.6
Nevada.................|    83  |    98  |       15       |   5.7  |   6.8  |      1.1
Ohio...................|   207  |   249  |       42       |   3.8  |   4.5  |      0.7
Oklahoma...............|   106  |    84  |      -22       |   6.3  |   5.0  |     -1.3
Virginia...............|   190  |   171  |      -19*      |   4.7  |   4.2  |     -0.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table C: States with significant changes in total separations from Apr 2022 to May 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Apr   |   May  | Over-the-month |   Apr  |   May  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 5,965  | 5,983  |       18       |   3.9  |   3.9  |      0.0        
California.............|   594  |   689  |       95       |   3.4  |   3.9  |      0.5
Florida................|   387  |   492  |      105       |   4.2  |   5.3  |      1.1
Illinois...............|   228  |   181  |      -47       |   3.8  |   3.0  |     -0.8
Indiana................|   145  |   118  |      -27       |   4.6  |   3.7  |     -0.9
Kentucky...............|   107  |    92  |      -15       |   5.5  |   4.7  |     -0.8
Massachusetts..........|   119  |    99  |      -20       |   3.3  |   2.7  |     -0.6
Michigan...............|   163  |   200  |       37       |   3.8  |   4.6  |      0.8
New Jersey.............|   153  |   132  |      -21       |   3.6  |   3.1  |     -0.5
Pennsylvania...........|   179  |   203  |       24       |   3.0  |   3.4  |      0.4*
Tennessee..............|   156  |   138  |      -18*      |   4.9  |   4.3  |     -0.6
Virginia...............|   181  |   155  |      -26       |   4.5  |   3.8  |     -0.7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table D: States with significant changes in quits from Apr 2022 to May 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Apr   |   May  | Over-the-month |   Apr  |   May  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 4,327  | 4,270  |      -57       |   2.9  |   2.8  |     -0.1        
Florida................|   309  |   373  |       64       |   3.3  |   4.0  |      0.7
Indiana................|   117  |   100  |      -17       |   3.7  |   3.1  |     -0.6
Kentucky...............|    76  |    67  |       -9       |   3.9  |   3.5  |     -0.4*
Massachusetts..........|    85  |    72  |      -13       |   2.3  |   2.0  |     -0.3*
Nebraska...............|    33  |    28  |       -5       |   3.2  |   2.7  |     -0.5
New Jersey.............|   105  |    76  |      -29       |   2.5  |   1.8  |     -0.7
Oklahoma...............|    57  |    48  |       -9       |   3.4  |   2.9  |     -0.5
Pennsylvania...........|   120  |   158  |       38       |   2.0  |   2.7  |      0.7
Texas..................|   397  |   380  |      -17*      |   3.0  |   2.8  |     -0.2
Washington.............|    96  |    84  |      -12       |   2.7  |   2.4  |     -0.3
Wisconsin..............|    79  |    70  |       -9*      |   2.7  |   2.4  |     -0.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table E: States with significant changes in layoffs and discharges from Apr 2022 to May 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Apr   |   May  | Over-the-month |   Apr  |   May  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 1,312  | 1,389  |       77       |   0.9  |   0.9  |      0.0        
California.............|   116  |   172  |       56       |   0.7  |   1.0  |      0.3
Florida................|    61  |    99  |       38       |   0.7  |   1.1  |      0.4
Illinois...............|    49  |    17  |      -32       |   0.8  |   0.3  |     -0.5
Indiana................|    22  |    11  |      -11       |   0.7  |   0.3  |     -0.4
Kentucky...............|    25  |    20  |       -5*      |   1.3  |   1.0  |     -0.3
Michigan...............|    29  |    74  |       45       |   0.7  |   1.7  |      1.0
New Jersey.............|    39  |    49  |       10       |   0.9  |   1.2  |      0.3
New York...............|   108  |    88  |      -20*      |   1.1  |   0.9  |     -0.2
North Carolina.........|    60  |    49  |      -11*      |   1.3  |   1.0  |     -0.3
South Dakota...........|     3  |     5  |        2       |   0.7  |   1.1  |      0.4*
Tennessee..............|    37  |    27  |      -10       |   1.2  |   0.8  |     -0.4
Virginia...............|    63  |    40  |      -23       |   1.6  |   1.0  |     -0.6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
     


    
Last Modified Date: July 20, 2022