BLS has 12 surveys or programs that provide information on pay and benefits. Choosing the data source that is right for your needs can be a challenge. We have an interactive tool to help you compare the features of each source.
BLS data on pay and benefits are available for occupations, industries, geographic areas, and the demographic characteristics of workers. See our short video about "The Many Ways We Measure Pay."
The National Compensation Survey provides comprehensive measures of occupational earnings; compensation cost trends, benefits coverage, and detailed plan provisions. Detailed occupational earnings are available for the nation and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas and broad regions. The Employment Cost Index measures changes in labor costs. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation present average hourly employer costs for employee compensation.
National Compensation Survey–Benefits provides information on the share of workers who participate in specified benefits, such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid vacations. These data also show the details of those benefits, such as deductible amounts, retirement ages, and amounts of paid leave.
The Current Employment Statistics survey is a monthly survey of the payroll records of business establishments. The survey provides national estimates of average weekly hours and average hourly and weekly earnings for all employees and production and nonsupervisory employees in the private sector. State and metropolitan area estimates of hours and earnings are also available.
Modeled wage estimates provide average hourly wages for occupations and for selected job characteristics and geographic areas. The modeled wage estimates are produced using a statistical procedure that combines survey data collected by the National Compensation Survey and the Occupational Employment Statistics programs.
BLS does not publish detailed information on household income, which includes wages and salaries, and also interest, dividends, pensions, and income from other sources. Information on household income is available from the U.S. Census Bureau.