Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employment Cost Trends
ECT XYZ Program Links

The National Compensation Survey produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs, Employment Cost Index (ECI), and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked, Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC).

  • Beginning with the December 2022 news release, the Employment Cost Index will introduce new employment weights based on the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system Read More »
  • The 2022 seasonal factors for directly adjusted series and revised seasonally adjusted series for the past five years were released with the March 2022 Employment Cost Index (ECI) Read More »
Next Releases:
  • The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) June 2022 is scheduled to be released on September 20, 2022 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.
  • The Employment Cost Index (ECI) for June 2022 is scheduled to be released on July 29, 2022 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

ECT News Releases

Compensation costs up 1.4% Dec 2021 to Mar 2022 and up 4.5% over the year ending Mar 2022


Compensation costs increased 1.4 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from December 2021 to March 2022. Over the year, total compensation rose 4.5 percent, wages and salaries rose 4.7 percent, and benefit costs rose 4.1 percent.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

Civilian workers compensation costs average $40.90 per hour worked in March 2022


Employer costs for civilian workers averaged $28.16 per hour worked for wages and salaries and $12.74 for benefits in March 2022. Compensation costs were $15.60 at the 10th wage percentile, $31.39 at the median, and $78.58 at the 90th percentile.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

Regional News Releases

Subscribe to the BLS News Service — receive the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation news releases by e-mail.

Archived News Releases

ECT Databases


Database Name Special
Tables Text Files
Pay & Cost of Benefits
Employment Cost Index
  Top Picks for ECI Data Finder for ECI One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
  Top Picks for ECEC Data Finder for ECEC One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC


More Tools

  • Series Report — already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Public data Application Programming Interface (API) — provides access to economic data from all BLS programs. For more information, see the Public Data API information and resources page.
  • Compensation Cost Trends Search — allows you to search through all the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation publications that are currently available electronically.

All ECT Databases »

ECT Tables

Employment Cost Index

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

  • Historical Listings

    • Civilian Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • Private Industry Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • State and Local Government Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • Compensation Percentile Estimates (XLSX) 2009 - Present
    • Metropolitan Areas (XLSX) 2009 - Present
  • Discontinued Tables

    • Quarterly Historical Listing: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) March 2004 - September 2021
    • Quarterly Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT)) (PDF) March 2002 - December 2003
    • Annual Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT) (PDF) March 1986 - March 2001
    • Supplemental Tables: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) June 2021
    • Supplemental Tables: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) December 2006 - June 2021

ECT Videos

What Is the Employment Cost Index?

How the Employment Cost Index Is Used

ECT Publications and Other Documentation










Past Notices



All NCS Publications (including benefits, compensation costs, and wages) »


ECT Frequently Asked Questions

Other BLS Resources

  • Benefits—comprehensive data on incidence and provisions of employer-sponsored benefit plans.
  • Compensation Research and Program Development Group—carries out research that addresses methodological, conceptual, and technical issues of concern to the National Compensation Survey, Occupational Requirements Survey, and the Workplace Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities Programs.
  • Guide for Evaluating Your Firm's Jobs and Pay (PDF)—explains how the Bureau determines the work level of an occupation in the National Compensation Survey.
  • Information Guide (PDF)—provides descriptions of the information and data produced by BLS, as well as descriptions of the publications in which they appear.
  • Modeled Wage Estimates—annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by job characteristics and within geographical location.
  • Occupational Requirements Survey—provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.
  • Work Stoppages—monthly and annual data and analysis of major work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers.

Other Useful Links

  • Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities (PDF)—is a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health.
  • Employee Benefits Security Administration—provides participant and compliance assistance in the areas of retirement, health and other employee benefits.
  • Glossary—provides terms and definitions used on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' website.
  • Health Insurance Definitions (PDF)—provides terms and definitions approved by the Federal Government's Interdepartmental Committee on Employment-based Health Insurance Surveys for use in Federal surveys collecting employer-based health insurance data.
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs—responsible for ensuring employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring equal employment opportunity.
  • Wage and Hour Division—responsible for enforcing federal labor laws including minimum wage and hour standards.

Contact Us


The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time)

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.

Assistive communications

Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200
Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1

Write or Personal Visit

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Employment Cost Index/Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. - Suite 4160
Washington, D.C. 20212-0001

Other Ways to Access our Data:

Federal Depository Libraries provide free access to government documents. Many of these libraries receive BLS publications. Check with a location near you.

Latest Numbers



TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)

Civilian workers
1.4% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
1.4% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
1.1% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)

Civilian workers
4.5% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
4.8% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
3.2% in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data


Total compensation: per hour worked

Civilian workers
$40.90 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
$38.61 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
$55.47 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data


Subscribe to receive free BLS Economic News Release e-mail.

Subscribe to the BLS News Service e-mail