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Employment Cost Trends
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ECT ECT Program Links

The National Compensation Survey produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs, Employment Cost Index (ECI), and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked, Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC).

Announcements

  • Seeking public comment on possible changes to North American Industry Classification System for 2022 Read More »
  • For information on the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Read More »

Next Releases:

  • The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) March 2020 is scheduled to be released on June 18, 2020 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.
  • The Employment Cost Index (ECI) for June 2020 is scheduled to be released on July 31, 2020 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

ECT News Releases

Compensation costs up 0.8% Dec 2019 to Mar 2020 and up 2.8% over the year ending Mar 2020

04/30/2020

Compensation costs rose 0.8 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from December 2019 to March 2020. Over the year, compensation rose 2.8 percent, with wages and salaries rising 3.1 percent and benefit costs increasing 2.1 percent.
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Private industry compensation costs average $34.72 per hour worked in December 2019

03/19/2020

Wage and salary costs for private industry workers averaged $24.36 per hour worked and benefit costs averaged $10.37 in December 2019. Supplemental pay costs were $1.19 per hour worked, accounting for 3.4 percent of total compensation costs.
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Regional News Releases

Subscribe to the BLS News Service — receive the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation news releases by e-mail.

ARCHIVED NEWS RELEASES

 

ECT Databases

Databases

Database Name Special
Notice
Top
Picks
Data
Finder
One
Screen
Multi-
Screen
Tables Text Files
Pay & Cost of Benefits
Employment Cost Index
  Top Picks for ECI Data Finder for ECI One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
  Top Picks for ECEC Data Finder for ECEC One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC

 

More Tools

  • Series Report — already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Public data Application Programming Interface (API) — provides access to economic data from all BLS programs. For more information, see the Public Data API information and resources page.
  • Compensation Cost Trends Search — allows you to search through all the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation publications that are currently available electronically.

All ECT Databases »

 

ECT Tables

Employment Cost Index

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

 

ECT Videos

What Is the Employment Cost Index?

How the Employment Cost Index Is Used

 

ECT Publications and Other Documentation

All NCS Publications (including benefits, compensation costs, and wages) »

 

ECT Frequently Asked Questions

Other BLS Resources

  • Benefits—comprehensive data on incidence and provisions of employer-sponsored benefit plans.
  • Compensation Research and Program Development Group—carries out research that addresses methodological, conceptual, and technical issues of concern to the National Compensation Survey, Occupational Requirements Survey, and the Workplace Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities Programs.
  • Guide for Evaluating Your Firm's Jobs and Pay (PDF)—explains how the Bureau determines the work level of an occupation in the National Compensation Survey.
  • Information Guide (PDF)—provides descriptions of the information and data produced by BLS, as well as descriptions of the publications in which they appear.
  • Modeled Wage Estimates—annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by job characteristics and within geographical location.
  • Occupational Requirements Survey—provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.
  • Work Stoppages—monthly and annual data and analysis of major work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers.

Other Useful Links

  • Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities (PDF)—is a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health.
  • Employee Benefits Security Administration—provides participant and compliance assistance in the areas of retirement, health and other employee benefits.
  • Healthcare.gov Glossary—provides terms and definitions used on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' HealthCare.gov website.
  • Health Insurance Definitions (PDF)—provides terms and definitions approved by the Federal Government's Interdepartmental Committee on Employment-based Health Insurance Surveys for use in Federal surveys collecting employer-based health insurance data.
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs—responsible for ensuring employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring equal employment opportunity.
  • Wage and Hour Division—responsible for enforcing federal labor laws including minimum wage and hour standards.

 

Contact Us

Contacts

The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M.)

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.

TDD

Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200 The Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Write or Personal Visit

Bureau of Labor Statistics
OCLT/SI&P
2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. - Suite 4160
Washington, D.C. 20212-0001

Other Ways to Access our Data:

Libraries
Federal Depository Libraries provide free access to government documents. Many of these libraries receive BLS publications. Check with a location near you.

 

Latest Numbers

RSS

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX (ECI) News Release

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)

Civilian workers
0.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Private industry workers
0.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

State and local government workers
0.7% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)

Civilian workers
2.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Private industry workers
2.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

State and local government workers
2.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION (ECEC) News Release

Total compensation: per hour worked

Civilian workers
$37.10 in 4th Qtr of 2019 Historical Data

Private industry workers
$34.72 in 4th Qtr of 2019 Historical Data

State and local government workers
$52.14 in 4th Qtr of 2019 Historical Data

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