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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, November 30, 2022 USDL-22-2234
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                        JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – OCTOBER 2022

The number of job openings edged down to 10.3 million on the last business day of October, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month the number of hires and total separations 
changed little at 6.0 million and 5.7 million, respectively. Within separations, quits (4.0 million) and 
layoffs and discharges (1.4 million) changed little. This release includes estimates of the number and 
rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector, by industry, and by 
establishment size class. 
      
Job Openings

On the last business day of October, the number of job openings edged down to 10.3 million 
(-353,000). The rate changed little at 6.3 percent but was 1.0 percentage points lower than its peak in 
March 2022. In October, job openings decreased in state and local government, excluding education 
(-101,000); nondurable goods manufacturing (-95,000); and federal government (-61,000). The number 
of job openings increased in other services (+76,000) and in finance and insurance (+70,000). 
(See table 1.)

Hires

In October, the number and rate of hires changed little at 6.0 million and 3.9 percent, respectively. Hires 
changed little in all industries. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits are generally 
voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of 
workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated 
by the employer. Other separations includes separations due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers 
to other locations of the same firm.

In October, the number of total separations changed little at 5.7 million, and the rate was unchanged at 
3.7 percent. The number of total separations changed little in all industries. (See table 3.)

In October, the number and rate of quits were little changed at 4.0 million and 2.6 percent, respectively. 
In October, quits decreased in information (-29,000). (See table 4.)

In October, the number of layoffs and discharges changed little at 1.4 million, and the rate was 
unchanged at 0.9 percent. Layoffs and discharges decreased in federal government (-3,000). 
(See table 5.)

The number of other separations were little changed in October at 270,000. Other separations 
decreased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-14,000) and in durable goods manufacturing 
(-8,000). Other separations increased in real estate and rental and leasing (+7,000). (See table 6.)

Establishment Size Class

In October, the job openings rate decreased in establishments with 1,000 to 4,999 employees. The total 
separations rate decreased in establishments with 5,000 or more employees. The layoffs and discharges 
rate increased in establishments with 1 to 9 employees. For a more in-depth description of the JOLTS 
establishment size class estimates, please visit www.bls.gov/jlt/sizeclassmethodology.htm.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for November 2022 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, January 4, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
Last Modified Date: November 30, 2022