Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 15, 2019	USDL-19-0404

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JANUARY 2019

The number of job openings was little changed at 7.6 million on the last business day of January, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little 
changed at 5.8 million and 5.6 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 
2.3 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was little changed at 1.1 percent. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions. The release also includes 2018 annual estimates for hires and 
separations. The annual number of hires at 68.9 million and the annual number of quits at 40.1 million 
increased in 2018. The annual number of layoffs and discharges at 21.9 million edged up in 2018.

Job Openings

On the last business day of January, the job openings level was little changed at 7.6 million. The job 
openings rate was 4.8 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and 
increased for government (+59,000). Job openings increased in a number of industries, with the largest 
increases in wholesale trade (+91,000), real estate and rental and leasing (+60,000), and information 
(+42,000). The job openings level decreased in other services (-98,000), retail trade (-97,000), and arts, 
entertainment, and recreation (-40,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 1.)

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                                   Revisions and Methodology Change                                    |
|Job openings, hires, and separations have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current|
|Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors. Additionally,    |
|a new methodology for item imputation has been implemented. See the revision section at the end of     |
|this release for more information.                                                                     |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________________________|

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.8 million in January. The hires rate was 3.9 percent. The 
hires level was little changed for total private and for government. The number of hires was little 
changed in all industries and all four regions. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.6 million in January. The total separations rate 
was 3.7 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for government. 
Total separations increased in real estate and rental and leasing (+20,000) but decreased in federal 
government (-11,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 
3.)

The number of quits was little changed in January at 3.5 million. The quits rate was 2.3 percent. The 
quits level was little changed for total private but increased for government (+20,000). Quits increased 
in arts, entertainment, and recreation (+19,000) and in state and local government education (+17,000). 
Quits decreased in federal government (-6,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 4.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in January at 1.7 million. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed for total private and 
for government. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in all industries and in all four 
regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in January. The other separations level was little 
changed for total private and decreased for government (-10,000). Other separations increased in 
transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+8,000) but decreased in federal government (-6,000). The 
number of other separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in January, hires totaled 69.2 million and 
separations totaled 66.3 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.8 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

Annual Levels and Rates

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons across years. Annual levels for hires, 
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of the 12 published 
monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. Consistent with 
BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data and are released with 
the January news release each year. Note that annual estimates are not calculated for job openings 
because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last business day of each month.

In 2018, there were 68.9 million hires, an increase of 3.3 million from 2017. Total separations (the sum 
of quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations) rose by 2.6 million in 2018 to 66.1 million. Quits 
rose for the ninth consecutive year reaching 40.1 million in 2018, up by 2.4 million. Quits comprised 61 
percent of total separations. Layoffs and discharges edged up by 307,000 in 2018 to 21.9 million and 
comprised 33 percent of total separations. Other separations edged down by 44,000 in 2018 to 4.1 
million and comprised 6 percent of total separations. (See tables 13 through 22.)

The annual hires for 2018 was 46.3 percent of the annual average CES employment level. This rate has 
been trending upwards since 2009. The annual total separations rate for 2018 was 44.3 percent. The 
annual rates for the components of total separations were 26.9 percent for quits, 14.7 percent for layoffs 
and discharges, and 2.8 percent for other separations.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2019 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, April 9, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
           Category              | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                                 | 2018 | 2018 | 2019p| 2018 | 2018 | 2019p| 2018 | 2018 | 2019p
---------------------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
      LEVELS BY INDUSTRY         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
        (in thousands)           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total............................|6,591 |7,479 |7,581 |5,525 |5,717 |5,801 |5,317 |5,469 |5,550
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private...................|6,025 |6,860 |6,902 |5,194 |5,353 |5,430 |4,983 |5,122 |5,190
  Mining and logging(1)..........|   26 |   29 |   40 |   34 |   39 |   38 |   30 |   34 |   33
  Construction(1)................|  245 |  299 |  302 |  354 |  399 |  428 |  329 |  369 |  391
  Manufacturing..................|  436 |  435 |  452 |  365 |  351 |  356 |  347 |  342 |  342
   Durable goods(1)..............|  261 |  298 |  305 |  217 |  186 |  186 |  201 |  175 |  170
   Nondurable goods(1)...........|  175 |  137 |  146 |  148 |  165 |  170 |  146 |  167 |  172
  Trade, transportation,         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities.................|1,367 |1,482 |1,471 |1,132 |1,176 |1,126 |1,103 |1,134 |1,097
   Wholesale trade...............|  203 |  178 |  269 |  143 |  151 |  128 |  160 |  143 |  137
   Retail trade..................|  873 |  986 |  889 |  763 |  802 |  756 |  736 |  765 |  729
   Transportation, warehousing,  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and utilities(1).............|  290 |  318 |  312 |  227 |  224 |  243 |  207 |  226 |  232
  Information(1).................|  123 |  123 |  165 |   89 |   80 |   81 |   97 |   87 |   87
  Financial activities...........|  398 |  380 |  459 |  221 |  201 |  191 |  208 |  180 |  180
   Finance and insurance.........|  314 |  317 |  336 |  155 |  133 |  112 |  146 |  131 |  111
   Real estate and               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    rental and leasing(1)........|   85 |   63 |  123 |   66 |   67 |   78 |   63 |   49 |   69
  Professional and business      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|1,124 |1,391 |1,343 |1,092 |1,144 |1,128 |1,028 |1,116 |1,089
  Education and health           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|1,175 |1,348 |1,393 |  693 |  717 |  730 |  626 |  652 |  674
   Educational services(1).......|  123 |   91 |  120 |  112 |  124 |  108 |   92 |  101 |   98
   Health care and social        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    assistance...................|1,052 |1,258 |1,273 |  581 |  593 |  622 |  534 |  551 |  577
  Leisure and hospitality........|  926 |1,102 |1,105 |1,014 |1,037 |1,110 |1,019 |1,007 |1,065
   Arts, entertainment, and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation...................|   93 |  154 |  114 |  173 |  154 |  183 |  170 |  153 |  155
   Accommodation and food        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.....................|  832 |  948 |  991 |  840 |  883 |  927 |  850 |  853 |  910
  Other services.................|  205 |  271 |  173 |  201 |  209 |  241 |  196 |  201 |  233
 Government......................|  566 |  619 |  678 |  330 |  364 |  372 |  334 |  347 |  359
  Federal(1).....................|  115 |   87 |  122 |   32 |   36 |   36 |   30 |   44 |   33
  State and local................|  452 |  532 |  556 |  298 |  328 |  335 |  304 |  304 |  326
   State and local education.....|  173 |  229 |  223 |  149 |  176 |  166 |  155 |  163 |  166
   State and local, excluding    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    education(1).................|  279 |  304 |  333 |  150 |  152 |  170 |  149 |  141 |  161
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     RATES BY INDUSTRY           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
         (percent)               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total............................|  4.3 |  4.7 |  4.8 |  3.7 |  3.8 |  3.9 |  3.6 |  3.6 |  3.7
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private...................|  4.6 |  5.1 |  5.1 |  4.1 |  4.2 |  4.2 |  4.0 |  4.0 |  4.1
  Mining and logging(1)..........|  3.6 |  3.8 |  5.0 |  4.9 |  5.1 |  5.0 |  4.2 |  4.5 |  4.3
  Construction(1)................|  3.3 |  3.9 |  3.9 |  5.0 |  5.4 |  5.7 |  4.6 |  5.0 |  5.2
  Manufacturing..................|  3.4 |  3.3 |  3.4 |  2.9 |  2.7 |  2.8 |  2.8 |  2.7 |  2.7
   Durable goods(1)..............|  3.2 |  3.6 |  3.6 |  2.8 |  2.3 |  2.3 |  2.6 |  2.2 |  2.1
   Nondurable goods(1)...........|  3.6 |  2.8 |  3.0 |  3.1 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  3.1 |  3.5 |  3.6
  Trade, transportation,         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities.................|  4.7 |  5.1 |  5.0 |  4.1 |  4.2 |  4.0 |  4.0 |  4.1 |  3.9
   Wholesale trade...............|  3.4 |  2.9 |  4.4 |  2.4 |  2.6 |  2.2 |  2.7 |  2.4 |  2.3
   Retail trade..................|  5.2 |  5.9 |  5.3 |  4.8 |  5.1 |  4.8 |  4.7 |  4.8 |  4.6
   Transportation, warehousing,  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and utilities(1).............|  4.7 |  5.0 |  4.9 |  3.9 |  3.7 |  4.0 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  3.8
  Information(1).................|  4.2 |  4.2 |  5.5 |  3.2 |  2.8 |  2.9 |  3.5 |  3.1 |  3.1
  Financial activities...........|  4.5 |  4.2 |  5.0 |  2.6 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  2.5 |  2.1 |  2.1
   Finance and insurance.........|  4.8 |  4.8 |  5.0 |  2.5 |  2.1 |  1.8 |  2.3 |  2.1 |  1.8
   Real estate and rental        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and leasing(1)...............|  3.7 |  2.7 |  5.1 |  2.9 |  2.9 |  3.4 |  2.8 |  2.1 |  3.0
  Professional and business      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  5.1 |  6.1 |  5.9 |  5.3 |  5.4 |  5.3 |  5.0 |  5.3 |  5.1
  Education and health           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  4.8 |  5.3 |  5.5 |  3.0 |  3.0 |  3.0 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.8
   Educational services(1).......|  3.2 |  2.4 |  3.1 |  3.0 |  3.3 |  2.9 |  2.5 |  2.7 |  2.6
   Health care and social        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    assistance...................|  5.1 |  5.9 |  5.9 |  2.9 |  2.9 |  3.1 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.9
   Leisure and hospitality.......|  5.4 |  6.2 |  6.2 |  6.3 |  6.3 |  6.7 |  6.3 |  6.1 |  6.4
    Arts, entertainment, and     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     recreation..................|  3.8 |  5.9 |  4.4 |  7.3 |  6.3 |  7.4 |  7.2 |  6.3 |  6.3
    Accommodation and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     services....................|  5.7 |  6.3 |  6.5 |  6.1 |  6.3 |  6.6 |  6.1 |  6.0 |  6.4
   Other services................|  3.4 |  4.4 |  2.9 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  4.1 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  4.0
 Government......................|  2.5 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.7 |  1.5 |  1.5 |  1.6
  Federal(1).....................|  3.9 |  3.0 |  4.2 |  1.1 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.1 |  1.6 |  1.2
  State and local................|  2.3 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  1.5 |  1.7 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.7
   State and local education.....|  1.6 |  2.1 |  2.1 |  1.4 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.6
   State and local, excluding    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    education(1).................|  3.0 |  3.2 |  3.5 |  1.6 |  1.6 |  1.8 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.7
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore,
the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
  (p) Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment 
Statistics employment estimates, the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors, and to implement a new 
imputation methodology.


                       Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have 
been revised to reflect annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey employment 
estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not published) are ratio adjusted to the CES employment 
levels, and the resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. The result is the revision of 21 
months of not seasonally adjusted data. Additionally, new seasonal factors have been developed based 
on the full revised JOLTS series and have been applied to the data from January 2014 forward. Also 
effective with this release, JOLTS has implemented a new methodology for item imputation.

Tables B through G below present revised total nonfarm data for January through December 2018. The 
December 2018 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the 
final December estimates. Tables presenting revisions to total nonfarm data for December 2000 through 
December 2017 will be available later today on the JOLTS website. The website also contains all 
revised seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data. The revision tables and data can be 
accessed through the JOLTS homepage at www.bls.gov/jlt/.

Table B. Revisions in job openings data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    6,230   |  6,591  |    361     |     4.0    |  4.3    |    0.3
February..|    6,074   |  6,530  |    456     |     3.9    |  4.2    |     .3
March.....|    6,638   |  6,894  |    256     |     4.3    |  4.4    |     .1
April.....|    6,840   |  7,106  |    266     |     4.4    |  4.6    |     .2
May.......|    6,659   |  7,126  |    467     |     4.3    |  4.6    |     .3
June......|    6,822   |  7,393  |    571     |     4.4    |  4.7    |     .3
July......|    7,077   |  7,442  |    365     |     4.5    |  4.8    |     .3
August....|    7,293   |  7,342  |     49     |     4.7    |  4.7    |     .0
September.|    6,960   |  7,392  |    432     |     4.4    |  4.7    |     .3
October...|    7,131   |  7,593  |    462     |     4.5    |  4.8    |     .3
November..|    7,166   |  7,626  |    460     |     4.6    |  4.8    |     .2
December..|    7,335   |  7,479  |    144     |     4.7    |  4.7    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table C. Revisions in hires data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    5,568   |  5,525  |    -43     |     3.8    |  3.7    |   -0.1
February..|    5,503   |  5,594  |     91     |     3.7    |  3.8    |     .1
March.....|    5,476   |  5,625  |    149     |     3.7    |  3.8    |     .1
April.....|    5,581   |  5,694  |    113     |     3.8    |  3.8    |     .0
May.......|    5,747   |  5,862  |    115     |     3.9    |  3.9    |     .0
June......|    5,677   |  5,833  |    156     |     3.8    |  3.9    |     .1
July......|    5,713   |  5,833  |    120     |     3.8    |  3.9    |     .1
August....|    5,906   |  5,826  |    -80     |     4.0    |  3.9    |    -.1
September.|    5,696   |  5,670  |    -26     |     3.8    |  3.8    |     .0
October...|    5,928   |  5,877  |    -51     |     4.0    |  3.9    |    -.1
November..|    5,812   |  5,821  |      9     |     3.9    |  3.9    |     .0
December..|    5,907   |  5,717  |   -190     |     3.9    |  3.8    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table D. Revisions in total separations data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    5,319   |  5,317  |     -2     |     3.6    |  3.6    |    0.0
February..|    5,172   |  5,270  |     98     |     3.5    |  3.6    |     .1
March.....|    5,321   |  5,446  |    125     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
April.....|    5,424   |  5,467  |     43     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
May.......|    5,419   |  5,502  |     83     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
June......|    5,514   |  5,565  |     51     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
July......|    5,596   |  5,675  |     79     |     3.8    |  3.8    |     .0
August....|    5,779   |  5,600  |   -179     |     3.9    |  3.7    |    -.2
September.|    5,641   |  5,558  |    -83     |     3.8    |  3.7    |    -.1
October...|    5,621   |  5,642  |     21     |     3.8    |  3.8    |     .0
November..|    5,563   |  5,597  |     34     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
December..|    5,545   |  5,469  |    -76     |     3.7    |  3.6    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table E. Revisions in quits data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    3,191   |  3,022  |   -169     |     2.2    |  2.0    |   -0.2
February..|    3,208   |  3,176  |    -32     |     2.2    |  2.1    |    -.1
March.....|    3,387   |  3,300  |    -87     |     2.3    |  2.2    |    -.1
April.....|    3,349   |  3,339  |    -10     |     2.3    |  2.2    |    -.1
May.......|    3,480   |  3,342  |   -138     |     2.3    |  2.2    |    -.1
June......|    3,477   |  3,354  |   -123     |     2.3    |  2.3    |     .0
July......|    3,608   |  3,443  |   -165     |     2.4    |  2.3    |    -.1
August....|    3,648   |  3,473  |   -175     |     2.4    |  2.3    |    -.1
September.|    3,564   |  3,393  |   -171     |     2.4    |  2.3    |    -.1
October...|    3,519   |  3,469  |    -50     |     2.3    |  2.3    |     .0
November..|    3,494   |  3,379  |   -115     |     2.3    |  2.3    |     .0
December..|    3,482   |  3,391  |    -91     |     2.3    |  2.3    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table F. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,784   |  1,934  |    150     |     1.2    |  1.3    |    0.1
February..|    1,619   |  1,763  |    144     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
March.....|    1,546   |  1,771  |    225     |     1.0    |  1.2    |     .2
April.....|    1,731   |  1,788  |     57     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
May.......|    1,618   |  1,811  |    193     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
June......|    1,652   |  1,843  |    191     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
July......|    1,622   |  1,859  |    237     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
August....|    1,790   |  1,809  |     19     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
September.|    1,707   |  1,818  |    111     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
October...|    1,761   |  1,855  |     94     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
November..|    1,753   |  1,889  |    136     |     1.2    |  1.3    |     .1
December..|    1,697   |  1,751  |     54     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table G. Revisions in other separations data January 2018 - December 2018,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2018   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      344   |    361  |     17     |     0.2    |  0.2    |    0.0
February..|      346   |    331  |    -15     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
March.....|      387   |    375  |    -12     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
April.....|      344   |    340  |     -4     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
May.......|      321   |    349  |     28     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
June......|      384   |    368  |    -16     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
July......|      365   |    373  |      8     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
August....|      341   |    319  |    -22     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
September.|      369   |    348  |    -21     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
October...|      341   |    318  |    -23     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
November..|      316   |    328  |     12     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
December..|      366   |    327  |    -39     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

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Last Modified Date: March 15, 2019