Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, January 4, 2018                      USDL-18-0001

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 304 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 67 areas, and unchanged in 17 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Sixty-nine areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
313 metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 5 areas. The national
unemployment rate in November was 3.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.4
percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent, followed by Mankato-
North Mankato, MN, and Urban Honolulu, HI, 1.9 percent each. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ,
had the highest unemployment rates, 19.8 percent and 15.6 percent, respectively. A total
of 187 areas had November jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 3.9 percent, 182 areas had
rates below it, and 19 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November (-3.0
percentage points). An additional 98 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+1.4 percentage
points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Minneapolis-
St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest unemployment rate in November, 2.4 percent.
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas,
5.3 percent. Forty-two large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, six had
increases, and three had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-Hoover,
AL (-2.1 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Rochester, NY
(+0.6 percentage point).

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
| 											|
|     Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands	|
|											|
|  Response rates for the November 2017 establishment survey were slightly lower than	|
|  average in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation	|
|  process that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a		|
|  sufficient amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates	|
|  for October and preliminary estimates for November.					|
|											|
|  The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in	|
|  September, October, and November. It is unknown at this time when estimates of	|
|  employment, hours and earnings will be published for the U.S. Virgin Islands. 	|
| 											|
|  More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection	|
|  and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. 	|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In November, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates
among the divisions, 2.2 percent each. Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 5.2
percent. (See table 2.)

In November, 21 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16
had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, MI (-1.2 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred
in Camden, NJ (+0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, 313 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment,
70 had decreases, and 5 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+100,400), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-
PA (+89,300), and Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (+60,300). The largest over-the-year
percentage gains in employment occurred in Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.3 percent), and Daphne-
Fairhope-Foley, AL, and Ocean City, NJ (+5.1 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport
News, VA-NC (-6,000), followed by Rochester, NY (-3,000), and Akron, OH (-2,800). The largest
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Cape Girardeau, MO-IL (-5.6
percent), followed by Cleveland, TN, and Michigan City-La Porte, IN (-3.6 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, fell in 3, and was unchanged in Hartford-West Hartford-East
Hartford, CT. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large
metropolitan areas occurred in Raleigh, NC, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.2
percent each), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.1 percent). The over-the-year percentage
decreases occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (-0.8 percent), Rochester,
NY (-0.6 percent), and New Orleans-Metairie, LA (-0.4 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+95,700), followed by Dallas-
Plano-Irving, TX (+73,100), and Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA (+48,000). The over-the-year
decreases occurred in Newark, NJ-PA (-8,900), Gary, IN (-5,300), and Nassau County-Suffolk
County, NY (-900). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases occurred in Nashua, NH-MA (+3.1 percent),
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+2.9 percent), and Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+2.7 percent). The over-
the-year percentage decreases occurred in Gary, IN (-1.9 percent), Newark, NJ-PA (-0.7 percent),
and Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY (-0.1 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled to be
released on Tuesday, January 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment
and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
February 6, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|             Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages	|
|  on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for	|
|  census regions and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, and the       |
|  modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be      |
|  revised from 2013-17 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and     |
|  reestimation of models. Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates for all other|
|  metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect|
|  updated inputs and adjustment to the new statewide estimates. These revised estimates|
|  will be published in conjunction with the March 2018 State Employment and Unemploy-  |
|  ment news release on Friday, April 20, 2018.						|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|           										|
|               Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm	|
|  payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of	|
|  this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.  			|
|										        |
|  Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses	|
|  all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing	|
|  seasonal factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year	|
|  during the annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal	|
|  adjustment in the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm. |
|											|
|  Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data	|
|  beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted	|
|  series may be revised back to 1990. 						        |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|         Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System		|
|											|
|  With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the	|
|  2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for	|
|  all states and metropolitan areas. 							|
|											|
|  The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content	|	
|  and coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several		|
|  industry titles and descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, |
|  and combined industries due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due	|
|  to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on March 12, 2018.		|
|											|
|  For more information on 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.		|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|
											




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
October November Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,193,487 2,178,339 2,184,641 2,173,604 136,336 75,766 123,834 77,270 6.2 3.5 5.7 3.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,884 45,483 45,659 45,520 3,153 1,806 2,893 1,839 6.9 4.0 6.3 4.0

Auburn-Opelika

74,033 75,872 74,066 75,936 3,983 2,250 3,575 2,351 5.4 3.0 4.8 3.1

Birmingham-Hoover

539,618 533,785 539,676 533,137 31,843 17,146 28,519 17,293 5.9 3.2 5.3 3.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

90,625 92,199 89,507 91,584 5,209 2,922 4,690 3,017 5.7 3.2 5.2 3.3

Decatur

69,409 69,170 68,962 69,470 4,225 2,314 3,817 2,334 6.1 3.3 5.5 3.4

Dothan

63,473 62,710 62,866 62,120 3,892 2,203 3,539 2,296 6.1 3.5 5.6 3.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

67,419 66,532 67,385 66,331 4,350 2,476 4,129 2,496 6.5 3.7 6.1 3.8

Gadsden

44,135 44,043 44,153 44,155 2,797 1,576 2,500 1,595 6.3 3.6 5.7 3.6

Huntsville

217,158 218,313 217,325 220,153 11,747 6,666 10,723 6,798 5.4 3.1 4.9 3.1

Mobile

187,042 182,613 186,597 182,185 13,262 7,543 12,541 7,843 7.1 4.1 6.7 4.3

Montgomery

172,570 170,504 171,965 169,939 10,274 5,857 9,264 5,954 6.0 3.4 5.4 3.5

Tuscaloosa

114,414 115,033 114,225 114,709 6,943 3,702 6,313 3,904 6.1 3.2 5.5 3.4

Alaska

357,474 359,601 356,778 359,172 22,232 24,097 23,006 25,520 6.2 6.7 6.4 7.1

Anchorage

201,929 204,139 204,644 205,990 11,292 12,486 11,731 13,068 5.6 6.1 5.7 6.3

Fairbanks

46,139 46,554 46,537 46,710 2,437 2,724 2,612 2,954 5.3 5.9 5.6 6.3

Arizona

3,264,008 3,314,636 3,265,507 3,334,467 167,206 145,862 155,867 143,390 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.3

Flagstaff

75,939 75,978 74,746 75,227 4,239 3,281 4,096 3,270 5.6 4.3 5.5 4.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

80,474 81,746 80,851 81,942 4,928 4,126 4,705 4,191 6.1 5.0 5.8 5.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,258,161 2,302,324 2,266,099 2,324,867 99,610 86,178 93,871 86,595 4.4 3.7 4.1 3.7

Prescott

100,555 101,045 100,061 100,984 4,583 3,938 4,441 4,051 4.6 3.9 4.4 4.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,915 51,428 49,916 51,126 2,875 2,479 2,709 2,505 5.8 4.8 5.4 4.9

Tucson

476,435 472,724 475,587 474,719 22,302 18,892 21,019 19,077 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.0

Yuma

95,006 100,040 91,811 97,101 18,110 17,978 15,383 15,150 19.1 18.0 16.8 15.6

Arkansas

1,342,421 1,374,366 1,334,504 1,358,380 46,406 44,246 45,836 45,183 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

266,858 279,460 266,181 275,998 6,764 6,775 6,613 6,970 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5

Fort Smith

121,476 122,459 120,573 121,824 5,113 4,770 5,001 4,695 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.9

Hot Springs

39,419 40,477 39,108 39,980 1,588 1,455 1,556 1,448 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.6

Jonesboro

62,541 64,468 62,303 64,002 1,833 1,786 1,796 1,808 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

350,226 357,970 346,511 353,321 10,979 10,521 10,773 10,668 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.0

Pine Bluff

36,018 36,130 35,730 35,736 1,682 1,573 1,613 1,612 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.5

California

19,201,496 19,357,850 19,157,621 19,344,423 1,007,701 838,586 963,869 775,534 5.2 4.3 5.0 4.0

Bakersfield

390,389 388,888 385,809 385,141 35,607 28,950 35,968 28,403 9.1 7.4 9.3 7.4

Chico

104,218 104,762 103,513 103,863 6,043 4,899 6,020 4,967 5.8 4.7 5.8 4.8

El Centro

77,546 76,903 76,747 74,652 19,310 17,892 17,495 14,800 24.9 23.3 22.8 19.8

Fresno

443,033 445,003 443,188 441,855 39,791 34,293 40,921 33,461 9.0 7.7 9.2 7.6

Hanford-Corcoran

56,340 56,533 56,023 56,033 5,047 4,141 5,313 4,219 9.0 7.3 9.5 7.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,680,714 6,773,603 6,673,583 6,762,774 324,880 278,061 303,397 258,310 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.8

Madera

61,067 61,491 59,689 60,215 4,993 4,038 5,301 4,208 8.2 6.6 8.9 7.0

Merced

116,471 115,785 114,188 114,142 9,840 8,261 10,698 8,960 8.4 7.1 9.4 7.8

Modesto

246,038 246,403 243,972 245,489 18,830 15,331 19,077 15,220 7.7 6.2 7.8 6.2

Napa

74,800 76,606 72,397 73,442 2,899 2,767 3,134 2,397 3.9 3.6 4.3 3.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

429,873 432,538 429,666 432,981 22,567 18,189 21,526 16,370 5.2 4.2 5.0 3.8

Redding

75,663 77,104 74,927 76,477 4,659 3,756 4,692 3,695 6.2 4.9 6.3 4.8

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,997,618 2,027,884 2,010,402 2,042,886 118,516 96,670 109,081 83,812 5.9 4.8 5.4 4.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,073,545 1,082,912 1,075,379 1,084,216 55,080 44,012 52,279 40,034 5.1 4.1 4.9 3.7

Salinas

223,644 222,792 219,341 218,556 11,934 10,225 14,315 12,694 5.3 4.6 6.5 5.8

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,579,376 1,579,873 1,576,122 1,584,735 73,713 58,683 68,236 51,521 4.7 3.7 4.3 3.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,566,170 2,574,261 2,555,634 2,581,796 97,060 78,347 90,096 68,166 3.8 3.0 3.5 2.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,060,601 1,067,783 1,061,907 1,072,902 40,858 32,169 38,023 28,669 3.9 3.0 3.6 2.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

141,399 141,134 140,751 141,080 5,821 4,535 5,461 4,073 4.1 3.2 3.9 2.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

145,014 145,048 143,630 144,013 7,683 6,393 8,810 7,719 5.3 4.4 6.1 5.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

217,401 219,576 216,027 218,535 10,052 8,305 10,264 8,278 4.6 3.8 4.8 3.8

Santa Rosa

262,259 263,330 257,996 259,504 9,943 9,207 9,528 7,247 3.8 3.5 3.7 2.8

Stockton-Lodi

321,597 319,758 317,983 317,517 23,802 19,788 24,296 19,662 7.4 6.2 7.6 6.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

209,244 209,096 208,843 209,237 11,022 9,034 10,690 8,209 5.3 4.3 5.1 3.9

Visalia-Porterville

202,988 202,840 201,086 202,423 21,396 19,032 21,481 18,067 10.5 9.4 10.7 8.9

Yuba City

73,424 73,072 73,322 72,692 5,795 4,727 6,264 5,162 7.9 6.5 8.5 7.1

Colorado

2,915,022 3,022,135 2,899,265 3,028,318 82,055 79,777 78,408 87,754 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.9

Boulder

183,098 190,991 182,598 191,647 4,242 4,396 3,903 4,734 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.5

Colorado Springs

330,186 340,391 328,697 341,163 10,541 10,378 10,041 11,376 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.3

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,557,640 1,604,083 1,546,763 1,609,855 42,055 41,381 39,627 44,975 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.8

Fort Collins

191,177 200,851 190,044 200,029 4,573 4,551 4,239 4,910 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.5

Grand Junction

72,234 73,021 71,942 73,167 3,032 2,453 3,027 2,728 4.2 3.4 4.2 3.7

Greeley

151,625 160,043 150,979 159,525 4,281 3,845 3,968 4,179 2.8 2.4 2.6 2.6

Pueblo

73,334 75,527 73,428 75,760 2,970 2,992 3,083 3,354 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.4

Connecticut

1,885,732 1,899,371 1,882,158 1,898,168 79,435 81,857 73,411 82,085 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

461,636 465,811 462,836 467,215 19,333 20,074 18,024 20,030 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.3

Danbury

106,478 107,218 106,784 107,645 3,585 3,654 3,304 3,603 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

617,613 619,899 614,128 618,577 25,813 26,875 23,735 27,049 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.4

New Haven

323,256 327,212 323,426 326,846 13,728 14,160 12,605 14,115 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,699 141,998 141,445 140,714 6,137 5,971 5,740 6,023 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3

Waterbury

110,476 111,145 110,239 111,421 5,844 5,917 5,423 6,034 5.3 5.3 4.9 5.4

Delaware

470,204 474,369 470,281 474,209 19,814 20,733 18,029 19,527 4.2 4.4 3.8 4.1

Dover

77,942 77,497 77,655 77,748 3,536 3,638 3,113 3,345 4.5 4.7 4.0 4.3

Salisbury(1)

182,424 185,300 180,278 182,793 9,400 8,841 10,097 10,310 5.2 4.8 5.6 5.6

District of Columbia

394,704 401,159 394,454 401,691 23,389 27,462 22,343 23,190 5.9 6.8 5.7 5.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,337,197 3,391,066 3,333,272 3,380,530 128,641 123,251 119,213 122,612 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Florida

9,932,052 10,096,651 9,927,342 10,080,228 490,603 361,634 473,563 386,197 4.9 3.6 4.8 3.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

331,306 326,635 331,020 328,531 15,583 11,030 15,057 11,858 4.7 3.4 4.5 3.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

122,981 124,882 121,209 123,079 5,022 3,499 4,928 3,845 4.1 2.8 4.1 3.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

293,778 297,652 292,027 295,863 15,313 10,948 15,183 11,892 5.2 3.7 5.2 4.0

Gainesville

142,186 145,099 140,947 143,391 6,138 4,442 5,938 4,967 4.3 3.1 4.2 3.5

Homosassa Springs

47,866 46,989 47,511 46,937 3,204 2,289 3,166 2,496 6.7 4.9 6.7 5.3

Jacksonville

739,678 754,036 736,685 752,490 34,969 25,022 34,457 27,044 4.7 3.3 4.7 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

288,211 291,761 287,885 293,853 16,476 11,635 16,060 12,640 5.7 4.0 5.6 4.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,085,377 3,143,798 3,096,237 3,140,839 157,254 123,322 148,763 127,804 5.1 3.9 4.8 4.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

166,573 168,991 168,151 170,771 8,549 6,422 8,021 6,642 5.1 3.8 4.8 3.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

355,102 364,998 354,410 365,381 16,678 11,751 15,979 12,575 4.7 3.2 4.5 3.4

Ocala

134,021 135,345 134,337 135,057 7,927 5,464 7,727 5,989 5.9 4.0 5.8 4.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,266,538 1,299,118 1,264,681 1,297,228 57,423 41,065 55,813 44,774 4.5 3.2 4.4 3.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

265,392 268,056 263,879 265,941 13,608 9,512 13,278 10,267 5.1 3.5 5.0 3.9

Panama City

93,642 95,196 92,473 93,351 4,472 3,116 4,526 3,524 4.8 3.3 4.9 3.8

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

218,918 221,279 217,172 219,394 10,535 7,483 10,332 8,136 4.8 3.4 4.8 3.7

Port St. Lucie

207,222 209,613 208,128 208,999 11,314 8,229 10,944 8,994 5.5 3.9 5.3 4.3

Punta Gorda

69,974 71,266 70,057 71,766 3,800 2,736 3,638 2,893 5.4 3.8 5.2 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

62,544 63,139 63,463 63,982 3,985 2,723 3,766 2,901 6.4 4.3 5.9 4.5

Sebring

36,723 36,982 36,766 37,134 2,450 1,778 2,395 1,903 6.7 4.8 6.5 5.1

Tallahassee

192,244 193,652 191,250 192,243 8,995 6,333 8,741 6,984 4.7 3.3 4.6 3.6

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,490,702 1,517,991 1,488,266 1,514,081 69,477 50,090 67,925 54,449 4.7 3.3 4.6 3.6

The Villages

29,599 30,092 29,498 29,973 2,127 1,444 2,067 1,558 7.2 4.8 7.0 5.2

Georgia

4,972,208 5,074,106 4,975,427 5,075,968 276,234 221,354 251,828 220,636 5.6 4.4 5.1 4.3

Albany

67,731 67,695 68,020 67,831 4,316 3,486 3,960 3,512 6.4 5.1 5.8 5.2

Athens-Clarke County

97,610 101,993 98,786 102,660 5,183 4,199 5,278 4,216 5.3 4.1 5.3 4.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,974,846 3,043,983 2,974,539 3,046,313 155,188 126,061 143,823 127,013 5.2 4.1 4.8 4.2

Augusta-Richmond County

264,188 269,441 263,998 269,843 15,350 12,367 13,294 12,201 5.8 4.6 5.0 4.5

Brunswick

52,747 52,986 52,371 52,659 3,178 2,450 2,709 2,313 6.0 4.6 5.2 4.4

Columbus

124,227 124,476 124,200 124,995 8,175 6,313 7,588 6,345 6.6 5.1 6.1 5.1

Dalton

62,511 62,890 62,340 63,071 3,929 3,078 3,643 3,353 6.3 4.9 5.8 5.3

Gainesville

97,686 99,882 97,618 100,133 4,649 3,569 4,005 3,623 4.8 3.6 4.1 3.6

Hinesville

32,825 33,371 32,911 33,352 1,953 1,576 1,803 1,604 5.9 4.7 5.5 4.8

Macon-Bibb County

105,321 105,157 104,982 105,248 6,706 5,293 5,746 5,123 6.4 5.0 5.5 4.9

Rome

43,957 43,982 43,846 44,064 2,632 2,053 2,406 2,049 6.0 4.7 5.5 4.7

Savannah

181,266 186,305 181,868 184,949 9,779 7,567 8,803 7,497 5.4 4.1 4.8 4.1

Valdosta

64,633 65,475 65,042 65,770 3,413 2,780 3,204 2,784 5.3 4.2 4.9 4.2

Warner Robins

84,683 85,223 83,614 84,792 5,893 4,379 4,375 3,793 7.0 5.1 5.2 4.5

Hawaii

687,426 681,699 692,102 683,547 20,269 12,925 19,950 13,786 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,973 85,095 85,347 84,596 2,693 1,711 2,617 1,799 3.2 2.0 3.1 2.1

Urban Honolulu

477,712 473,004 480,395 476,257 13,226 8,513 13,018 9,193 2.8 1.8 2.7 1.9

Idaho

819,947 832,579 818,262 838,263 26,793 21,817 30,103 25,588 3.3 2.6 3.7 3.1

Boise City

334,509 343,645 339,326 350,513 11,179 9,119 12,322 10,429 3.3 2.7 3.6 3.0

Coeur d'Alene

72,998 73,605 73,174 74,370 2,964 2,362 3,303 2,858 4.1 3.2 4.5 3.8

Idaho Falls

66,313 67,028 66,330 67,640 1,788 1,559 2,032 1,797 2.7 2.3 3.1 2.7

Lewiston

31,013 31,812 31,353 32,227 1,086 881 1,145 1,006 3.5 2.8 3.7 3.1

Pocatello

42,885 41,345 42,619 42,249 1,343 1,047 1,456 1,247 3.1 2.5 3.4 3.0

Illinois

6,520,067 6,434,065 6,493,487 6,467,818 363,282 301,844 340,691 302,474 5.6 4.7 5.2 4.7

Bloomington

98,104 96,548 97,955 96,623 4,703 3,696 4,545 3,725 4.8 3.8 4.6 3.9

Carbondale-Marion

60,372 60,142 61,152 60,537 3,246 2,649 3,163 2,725 5.4 4.4 5.2 4.5

Champaign-Urbana

122,566 119,159 121,897 118,935 5,971 4,905 5,757 5,002 4.9 4.1 4.7 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,909,472 4,861,585 4,881,550 4,882,913 272,019 230,465 252,176 228,255 5.5 4.7 5.2 4.7

Danville

34,716 33,502 34,723 33,531 2,349 2,020 2,317 2,026 6.8 6.0 6.7 6.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,323 186,920 190,291 188,858 10,036 7,583 9,160 7,396 5.2 4.1 4.8 3.9

Decatur

49,831 48,615 49,883 48,748 3,058 2,506 2,976 2,580 6.1 5.2 6.0 5.3

Kankakee

54,982 54,646 55,452 55,457 3,231 2,617 3,189 2,793 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.0

Peoria

182,898 178,338 182,151 178,584 10,895 8,437 10,700 8,587 6.0 4.7 5.9 4.8

Rockford

167,107 162,566 166,878 163,548 10,306 8,177 10,014 8,357 6.2 5.0 6.0 5.1

Springfield

113,373 110,254 113,693 111,474 5,073 4,366 4,984 4,427 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.0

Indiana

3,328,690 3,306,994 3,316,013 3,288,895 130,358 112,598 127,730 110,326 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.4

Bloomington

79,378 78,769 78,788 78,395 3,199 2,718 3,096 2,859 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.6

Columbus

44,381 45,057 44,236 45,041 1,322 1,154 1,306 1,147 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen

108,066 111,125 107,395 110,526 3,425 2,674 3,363 2,783 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.5

Evansville

160,153 160,521 159,656 159,732 6,082 5,071 6,011 4,975 3.8 3.2 3.8 3.1

Fort Wayne

213,186 210,071 210,847 208,348 7,715 6,548 7,656 6,412 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,037,322 1,041,365 1,037,505 1,034,434 37,825 33,594 37,011 32,218 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.1

Kokomo

38,342 38,259 38,163 38,313 1,680 1,325 1,514 1,291 4.4 3.5 4.0 3.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,930 112,020 111,570 112,108 4,007 3,348 3,870 3,499 3.6 3.0 3.5 3.1

Michigan City-La Porte

48,100 45,756 47,893 45,524 2,402 1,939 2,387 1,932 5.0 4.2 5.0 4.2

Muncie

55,227 54,761 54,916 54,383 2,551 2,281 2,478 2,318 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

159,929 157,080 159,376 156,302 6,676 5,720 6,497 5,770 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.7

Terre Haute

77,747 77,159 77,461 76,916 3,538 3,125 3,522 3,140 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.1

Iowa

1,702,903 1,685,910 1,691,617 1,680,021 54,397 39,708 50,922 42,682 3.2 2.4 3.0 2.5

Ames

58,901 59,094 58,556 58,814 1,204 818 978 879 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.5

Cedar Rapids

143,315 142,067 142,729 142,260 4,674 3,736 4,371 4,128 3.3 2.6 3.1 2.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

345,621 346,404 344,714 346,756 10,416 7,815 9,664 8,451 3.0 2.3 2.8 2.4

Dubuque

55,085 54,035 55,050 53,931 1,598 1,125 1,466 1,272 2.9 2.1 2.7 2.4

Iowa City

98,723 99,100 98,185 99,098 2,410 1,898 2,039 1,999 2.4 1.9 2.1 2.0

Sioux City

91,788 90,580 91,739 90,534 2,839 2,288 2,984 2,525 3.1 2.5 3.3 2.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91,091 88,407 90,321 88,123 3,530 2,339 3,390 2,528 3.9 2.6 3.8 2.9

Kansas

1,483,972 1,490,226 1,482,627 1,490,742 59,924 45,049 56,378 48,233 4.0 3.0 3.8 3.2

Lawrence

66,772 66,768 66,849 67,123 2,220 1,650 2,175 1,881 3.3 2.5 3.3 2.8

Manhattan

50,704 50,077 50,681 50,005 1,608 1,137 1,608 1,323 3.2 2.3 3.2 2.6

Topeka

119,949 120,886 120,116 121,762 4,653 3,532 4,440 3,869 3.9 2.9 3.7 3.2

Wichita

306,456 311,186 307,403 310,955 14,209 10,611 13,348 11,425 4.6 3.4 4.3 3.7

Kentucky

1,997,151 2,050,958 2,002,931 2,054,529 91,044 88,189 84,844 83,255 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.1

Bowling Green

79,944 82,832 80,270 83,370 2,833 3,318 2,710 2,910 3.5 4.0 3.4 3.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,004 67,101 65,435 67,405 2,751 2,814 2,583 2,603 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9

Lexington-Fayette

264,015 271,665 266,298 271,471 8,916 9,059 8,297 8,588 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

640,683 661,836 645,263 664,724 25,056 24,830 23,716 23,245 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5

Owensboro

53,780 54,670 53,541 54,941 2,359 2,305 2,111 2,225 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.0

Louisiana

2,118,476 2,099,057 2,104,428 2,109,462 124,482 89,657 114,387 89,073 5.9 4.3 5.4 4.2

Alexandria

65,507 64,386 65,205 64,671 3,997 2,978 3,734 2,972 6.1 4.6 5.7 4.6

Baton Rouge

422,181 422,514 417,556 425,544 21,533 15,532 19,751 15,541 5.1 3.7 4.7 3.7

Hammond

54,343 54,167 54,162 54,499 3,424 2,452 3,176 2,489 6.3 4.5 5.9 4.6

Houma-Thibodaux

90,524 87,619 89,697 87,988 6,000 3,890 5,461 3,868 6.6 4.4 6.1 4.4

Lafayette

212,916 209,124 211,088 210,264 14,615 9,614 13,310 9,436 6.9 4.6 6.3 4.5

Lake Charles

109,643 113,289 109,142 114,047 4,926 3,778 4,576 3,829 4.5 3.3 4.2 3.4

Monroe

81,337 81,149 80,925 81,555 4,807 3,541 4,502 3,527 5.9 4.4 5.6 4.3

New Orleans-Metairie

599,830 594,026 596,610 596,304 32,129 24,192 29,289 23,754 5.4 4.1 4.9 4.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

189,794 185,312 188,574 186,004 12,092 8,739 11,080 8,584 6.4 4.7 5.9 4.6

Maine

697,727 703,975 691,090 696,606 23,884 21,139 25,518 20,875 3.4 3.0 3.7 3.0

Bangor

71,740 71,763 71,272 70,899 2,424 2,175 2,508 2,060 3.4 3.0 3.5 2.9

Lewiston-Auburn

56,579 57,098 56,577 56,986 1,806 1,594 1,908 1,556 3.2 2.8 3.4 2.7

Portland-South Portland

203,988 207,335 203,395 206,405 5,720 5,060 6,076 5,010 2.8 2.4 3.0 2.4

Maryland

3,187,678 3,242,273 3,180,574 3,231,517 133,706 122,365 126,573 130,005 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,492,134 1,512,459 1,490,402 1,510,825 64,540 58,621 60,909 61,635 4.3 3.9 4.1 4.1

California-Lexington Park

54,607 55,672 54,353 55,319 2,117 2,008 1,955 2,156 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.9

Cumberland

44,482 44,340 44,172 43,991 2,345 2,107 2,189 2,303 5.3 4.8 5.0 5.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

132,954 132,521 132,719 133,065 5,561 4,815 5,157 5,207 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.9

Massachusetts

3,576,746 3,624,102 3,583,688 3,624,361 101,927 119,447 98,720 118,960 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.3

Barnstable Town

120,594 123,774 117,673 120,428 3,559 4,152 3,967 4,800 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,643,751 2,680,849 2,654,514 2,683,488 70,763 81,960 68,243 80,569 2.7 3.1 2.6 3.0

Leominster-Gardner

75,363 76,080 75,768 76,260 2,495 2,886 2,391 2,888 3.3 3.8 3.2 3.8

New Bedford

82,782 84,767 82,674 85,234 3,450 4,036 3,301 4,138 4.2 4.8 4.0 4.9

Pittsfield

42,192 42,274 42,252 42,247 1,365 1,633 1,393 1,687 3.2 3.9 3.3 4.0

Springfield

364,257 368,326 364,086 369,468 12,722 14,613 12,295 14,580 3.5 4.0 3.4 3.9

Worcester

344,979 346,942 345,799 347,814 10,897 12,298 10,416 12,144 3.2 3.5 3.0 3.5

Michigan

4,868,988 4,862,005 4,845,978 4,869,727 234,794 206,364 203,410 192,643 4.8 4.2 4.2 4.0

Ann Arbor

195,056 195,158 195,715 196,339 7,133 6,695 5,706 6,140 3.7 3.4 2.9 3.1

Battle Creek

64,594 64,054 64,793 64,377 2,803 2,968 2,485 2,814 4.3 4.6 3.8 4.4

Bay City

51,817 50,851 52,063 51,252 2,365 2,403 2,174 2,315 4.6 4.7 4.2 4.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,088,594 2,097,497 2,067,175 2,095,142 118,523 89,144 97,931 77,678 5.7 4.3 4.7 3.7

Flint

183,620 180,856 183,947 181,778 9,140 9,498 8,130 9,199 5.0 5.3 4.4 5.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

570,835 571,262 573,025 577,560 18,815 19,166 16,812 18,663 3.3 3.4 2.9 3.2

Jackson

74,629 73,956 74,749 74,530 3,276 3,184 2,900 3,070 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.1

Kalamazoo-Portage

169,355 169,486 169,471 170,045 6,717 6,884 6,109 6,688 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.9

Lansing-East Lansing

250,157 247,147 251,568 249,269 9,210 9,773 8,013 9,207 3.7 4.0 3.2 3.7

Midland

40,950 40,119 41,129 40,449 1,713 1,694 1,589 1,643 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.1

Monroe

77,594 77,374 77,072 77,009 3,717 3,913 2,710 3,003 4.8 5.1 3.5 3.9

Muskegon

76,565 76,274 76,570 76,898 3,778 3,939 3,407 3,777 4.9 5.2 4.4 4.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

74,000 73,022 73,586 73,436 3,292 3,192 3,027 3,270 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.5

Saginaw

88,477 88,407 89,147 89,274 4,083 4,275 3,731 4,208 4.6 4.8 4.2 4.7

Minnesota

3,003,265 3,059,481 2,997,906 3,066,990 103,221 72,773 102,107 80,545 3.4 2.4 3.4 2.6

Duluth

141,573 143,214 141,896 144,411 6,789 4,403 7,105 5,346 4.8 3.1 5.0 3.7

Mankato-North Mankato

60,863 61,993 60,354 61,649 1,630 1,150 1,519 1,160 2.7 1.9 2.5 1.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,938,155 1,990,577 1,935,389 1,993,973 64,397 46,939 61,274 47,723 3.3 2.4 3.2 2.4

Rochester

118,609 119,745 118,592 119,560 3,387 2,454 3,306 2,595 2.9 2.0 2.8 2.2

St. Cloud

109,915 111,510 109,702 111,804 3,671 2,552 3,641 2,923 3.3 2.3 3.3 2.6

Mississippi

1,287,090 1,269,576 1,281,867 1,276,553 73,056 56,169 64,314 57,351 5.7 4.4 5.0 4.5

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

165,108 163,255 164,812 164,672 9,745 7,544 8,663 7,663 5.9 4.6 5.3 4.7

Hattiesburg

68,391 68,414 68,825 69,282 3,560 2,584 3,101 2,620 5.2 3.8 4.5 3.8

Jackson

272,707 270,149 271,565 271,754 13,310 10,544 11,575 10,618 4.9 3.9 4.3 3.9

Missouri

3,107,424 3,041,351 3,091,875 3,021,930 126,662 75,038 114,870 96,100 4.1 2.5 3.7 3.2

Cape Girardeau

48,669 44,724 48,670 44,760 2,091 1,103 1,880 1,512 4.3 2.5 3.9 3.4

Columbia

100,265 99,482 100,198 99,244 2,738 1,454 2,601 2,246 2.7 1.5 2.6 2.3

Jefferson City

76,244 74,085 76,047 73,474 2,385 1,363 2,251 1,947 3.1 1.8 3.0 2.6

Joplin

86,114 85,279 86,043 85,189 3,384 1,754 3,115 2,436 3.9 2.1 3.6 2.9

Kansas City

1,129,022 1,124,886 1,122,617 1,117,491 45,903 35,628 41,840 36,292 4.1 3.2 3.7 3.2

St. Joseph

66,097 63,648 65,933 63,357 2,412 1,461 2,268 1,836 3.6 2.3 3.4 2.9

St. Louis(2)

1,481,797 1,450,209 1,476,306 1,447,312 63,244 39,761 56,532 48,918 4.3 2.7 3.8 3.4

Springfield

233,914 230,422 232,249 230,296 8,347 4,318 7,666 6,313 3.6 1.9 3.3 2.7

Montana

526,549 522,847 524,923 523,574 19,296 18,829 19,879 21,278 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1

Billings

88,273 87,598 88,027 88,063 2,865 2,760 2,803 3,052 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.5

Great Falls

38,507 37,778 38,532 38,145 1,385 1,313 1,336 1,497 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.9

Missoula

62,637 62,179 62,451 62,427 2,036 1,958 2,118 2,169 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.5

Nebraska

1,011,427 1,007,622 1,010,228 1,008,349 30,561 23,591 27,976 23,919 3.0 2.3 2.8 2.4

Grand Island

43,480 42,752 43,243 42,632 1,390 1,039 1,261 1,087 3.2 2.4 2.9 2.5

Lincoln

179,814 180,124 179,952 180,177 4,947 3,876 4,341 3,804 2.8 2.2 2.4 2.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

480,218 483,740 481,335 483,860 15,066 11,680 13,843 11,865 3.1 2.4 2.9 2.5

Nevada

1,432,972 1,461,212 1,433,620 1,471,481 73,890 70,732 71,570 72,048 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.9

Carson City

24,651 24,972 24,564 25,088 1,306 1,195 1,292 1,247 5.3 4.8 5.3 5.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,054,258 1,077,840 1,053,392 1,086,144 56,074 54,595 54,278 55,648 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1

Reno

235,387 237,848 236,065 239,061 10,250 9,359 9,930 9,487 4.4 3.9 4.2 4.0

New Hampshire

748,222 743,251 749,293 743,037 18,430 17,943 19,573 18,542 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5

Dover-Durham

85,722 84,742 85,755 84,560 1,893 1,824 1,977 1,863 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2

Manchester

116,635 115,916 117,232 116,771 2,837 2,772 2,980 2,791 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4

Portsmouth

76,010 74,930 75,702 74,843 1,730 1,706 1,833 1,704 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3

New Jersey

4,505,268 4,490,335 4,492,794 4,485,012 205,724 211,764 186,915 217,068 4.6 4.7 4.2 4.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123,533 124,365 122,403 123,804 8,470 8,379 8,498 9,001 6.9 6.7 6.9 7.3

Ocean City

44,663 45,769 42,776 44,906 3,518 3,605 4,571 5,437 7.9 7.9 10.7 12.1

Trenton

199,343 198,411 200,704 198,453 7,965 8,336 7,049 8,411 4.0 4.2 3.5 4.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,348 68,613 67,221 69,461 4,242 4,527 4,067 4,951 6.4 6.6 6.1 7.1

New Mexico

929,347 932,944 935,046 938,742 61,112 54,766 60,388 53,908 6.6 5.9 6.5 5.7

Albuquerque

423,472 428,293 428,308 431,747 25,839 23,935 25,177 23,286 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.4

Farmington

54,244 52,911 53,516 52,881 4,676 3,441 4,486 3,369 8.6 6.5 8.4 6.4

Las Cruces

95,720 95,062 96,380 95,863 6,276 5,874 6,431 5,994 6.6 6.2 6.7 6.3

Santa Fe

73,123 73,493 73,666 73,855 3,869 3,737 3,774 3,592 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9

New York

9,548,033 9,711,454 9,496,305 9,644,829 455,099 448,961 428,310 431,628 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

445,374 449,770 443,907 448,339 17,532 18,009 16,864 19,188 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.3

Binghamton

108,480 108,984 108,131 108,676 5,433 5,218 5,304 5,908 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

546,348 547,312 541,316 543,998 26,561 26,259 26,319 29,059 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.3

Elmira

35,938 35,542 35,934 35,419 1,944 1,810 1,866 1,962 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.5

Glens Falls

59,845 60,562 59,273 60,117 2,598 2,506 2,922 3,135 4.3 4.1 4.9 5.2

Ithaca

50,772 52,231 50,401 51,966 1,998 2,082 1,932 2,253 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.3

Kingston

88,175 89,482 87,402 88,896 3,691 3,765 3,622 4,036 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,972,256 10,096,595 9,929,152 10,029,312 468,892 466,283 426,470 434,701 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.3

Rochester

519,108 520,334 516,232 517,583 23,588 23,982 23,117 26,145 4.5 4.6 4.5 5.1

Syracuse

305,563 309,095 303,396 308,940 14,159 14,298 14,081 15,700 4.6 4.6 4.6 5.1

Utica-Rome

128,301 129,967 127,136 129,484 5,856 6,068 5,962 6,874 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,100 45,655 44,814 45,859 2,576 2,468 2,835 3,097 5.7 5.4 6.3 6.8

North Carolina

4,928,025 4,955,702 4,921,006 4,944,492 251,212 203,745 241,445 222,035 5.1 4.1 4.9 4.5

Asheville

228,382 229,352 228,145 228,784 9,009 7,575 9,106 8,314 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.6

Burlington

79,919 80,741 79,809 80,578 3,685 3,094 3,600 3,354 4.6 3.8 4.5 4.2

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,302,500 1,316,911 1,302,803 1,313,452 60,215 51,693 59,397 55,700 4.6 3.9 4.6 4.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

290,839 297,768 291,666 297,132 12,767 10,779 12,642 11,630 4.4 3.6 4.3 3.9

Fayetteville

147,677 148,921 148,509 148,942 9,761 7,716 9,327 8,442 6.6 5.2 6.3 5.7

Goldsboro

54,272 52,812 53,354 52,161 4,064 2,436 3,134 2,685 7.5 4.6 5.9 5.1

Greensboro-High Point

370,342 369,785 371,436 370,482 18,775 16,026 18,527 17,470 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.7

Greenville

89,403 87,788 88,910 87,694 5,496 3,905 4,639 4,279 6.1 4.4 5.2 4.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

172,150 171,715 171,920 171,685 8,075 6,846 8,068 7,296 4.7 4.0 4.7 4.2

Jacksonville

63,831 64,537 64,123 64,504 3,474 3,062 3,548 3,322 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.2

New Bern

52,094 51,766 51,954 51,820 2,909 2,227 2,743 2,478 5.6 4.3 5.3 4.8

Raleigh

687,795 704,694 689,659 704,965 29,351 25,197 28,889 27,383 4.3 3.6 4.2 3.9

Rocky Mount

68,482 66,759 68,227 66,596 5,256 3,981 4,719 4,312 7.7 6.0 6.9 6.5

Wilmington

144,198 147,042 143,649 147,110 6,779 5,725 6,653 6,336 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.3

Winston-Salem

324,098 323,789 323,424 323,269 15,081 12,835 15,033 13,971 4.7 4.0 4.6 4.3

North Dakota

417,255 418,732 413,729 413,804 9,260 7,301 10,765 9,373 2.2 1.7 2.6 2.3

Bismarck

69,822 69,547 69,220 69,356 1,410 1,224 1,707 1,647 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.4

Fargo

137,049 140,176 137,395 140,036 2,616 2,191 2,934 2,757 1.9 1.6 2.1 2.0

Grand Forks

58,002 56,710 57,950 56,757 1,242 960 1,412 1,271 2.1 1.7 2.4 2.2

Ohio

5,722,196 5,770,907 5,692,448 5,767,484 268,016 260,459 256,301 244,072 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.2

Akron

361,170 360,717 358,748 359,504 17,176 16,493 16,492 15,894 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.4

Canton-Massillon

198,576 198,498 196,919 198,575 10,206 9,520 9,858 9,133 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.6

Cincinnati

1,090,942 1,112,660 1,081,903 1,110,534 44,801 44,708 42,407 41,367 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,023,257 1,024,882 1,020,042 1,025,083 52,168 52,854 48,683 46,911 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6

Columbus

1,059,577 1,076,267 1,058,936 1,074,931 41,751 40,189 39,687 38,122 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.5

Dayton

383,024 389,750 380,832 392,163 17,388 16,816 16,454 15,901 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.1

Lima

47,939 48,094 47,754 48,218 2,302 2,152 2,227 2,025 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.2

Mansfield

53,152 53,196 52,867 53,056 2,730 2,625 2,672 2,592 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.9

Springfield

62,996 63,513 62,685 63,608 3,037 2,768 3,025 2,703 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.2

Toledo

304,913 306,843 303,801 306,728 14,325 14,953 13,648 13,493 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,432 50,770 50,379 50,392 3,422 2,925 3,296 3,066 6.7 5.8 6.5 6.1

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

247,865 244,870 247,130 245,625 14,795 13,765 14,128 13,219 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.4

Oklahoma

1,833,474 1,850,053 1,837,205 1,855,713 88,124 75,742 84,586 69,264 4.8 4.1 4.6 3.7

Enid

29,871 30,785 30,087 30,721 1,200 1,058 1,213 947 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.1

Lawton

52,455 52,811 52,716 52,962 2,427 2,342 2,327 2,146 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.1

Oklahoma City

668,853 679,257 669,656 678,819 28,293 24,746 27,070 22,636 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.3

Tulsa

478,435 481,610 479,159 484,729 23,878 20,978 22,906 18,984 5.0 4.4 4.8 3.9

Oregon

2,076,489 2,149,135 2,070,415 2,146,652 94,169 88,338 89,684 82,782 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.9

Albany

57,763 59,777 57,692 59,737 3,015 2,821 2,905 2,595 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.3

Bend-Redmond

91,047 95,009 90,552 94,945 4,060 3,949 3,962 3,830 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.0

Corvallis

47,571 49,043 47,634 49,168 1,671 1,549 1,573 1,388 3.5 3.2 3.3 2.8

Eugene

181,709 188,622 181,911 188,810 8,838 8,260 8,426 7,765 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.1

Grants Pass

35,106 36,240 34,745 35,898 2,093 1,905 1,978 1,787 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.0

Medford

103,440 106,431 103,173 106,298 5,271 4,744 5,077 4,458 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,287,314 1,334,639 1,289,464 1,336,879 57,535 51,833 53,935 48,722 4.5 3.9 4.2 3.6

Salem

199,807 206,300 198,906 206,900 9,376 8,647 8,895 8,166 4.7 4.2 4.5 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,461,574 6,372,892 6,439,865 6,379,536 339,080 265,311 312,670 273,749 5.2 4.2 4.9 4.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

433,434 425,095 429,581 424,385 22,173 18,437 20,260 18,840 5.1 4.3 4.7 4.4

Altoona

60,502 57,784 59,892 58,268 3,092 2,309 2,862 2,432 5.1 4.0 4.8 4.2

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,056 42,535 42,723 42,327 2,040 1,696 1,879 1,775 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,181 75,494 76,683 75,714 3,956 2,728 3,596 2,805 5.1 3.6 4.7 3.7

East Stroudsburg

81,515 79,675 81,065 79,996 5,051 4,153 4,651 4,285 6.2 5.2 5.7 5.4

Erie

133,504 130,635 132,816 131,422 8,398 6,079 7,828 6,392 6.3 4.7 5.9 4.9

Gettysburg

55,671 55,549 54,947 55,221 2,087 1,626 1,925 1,703 3.7 2.9 3.5 3.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

295,715 294,944 294,200 294,913 13,035 10,541 11,903 10,716 4.4 3.6 4.0 3.6

Johnstown

61,251 59,685 60,889 59,874 3,811 2,837 3,646 2,969 6.2 4.8 6.0 5.0

Lancaster

279,897 277,266 276,685 276,169 11,329 9,015 10,175 9,081 4.0 3.3 3.7 3.3

Lebanon

70,409 69,116 69,883 69,191 3,100 2,418 2,828 2,644 4.4 3.5 4.0 3.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,098,302 3,089,724 3,102,050 3,093,418 153,868 135,744 139,731 136,417 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,212,944 1,196,648 1,211,503 1,201,635 65,428 49,550 61,411 51,788 5.4 4.1 5.1 4.3

Reading

213,586 211,308 213,065 211,537 10,465 8,324 9,637 8,567 4.9 3.9 4.5 4.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

279,534 275,748 279,368 277,979 16,146 13,019 14,832 13,304 5.8 4.7 5.3 4.8

State College

81,139 78,896 80,940 79,119 3,238 2,391 2,827 2,500 4.0 3.0 3.5 3.2

Williamsport

58,457 56,256 58,108 56,588 3,564 2,602 3,274 2,776 6.1 4.6 5.6 4.9

York-Hanover

234,448 230,543 233,267 230,920 10,549 8,667 9,614 8,759 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.8

Rhode Island

552,117 553,030 553,212 557,091 25,753 21,339 25,413 23,822 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.3

Providence-Warwick

678,057 679,498 679,142 683,737 29,594 26,063 28,995 28,449 4.4 3.8 4.3 4.2

South Carolina

2,299,345 2,315,358 2,285,900 2,301,906 102,913 90,403 91,905 91,379 4.5 3.9 4.0 4.0

Charleston-North Charleston

374,348 378,402 373,388 376,687 14,260 12,370 12,594 12,459 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.3

Columbia

402,792 403,386 400,549 400,255 16,988 15,919 15,314 16,022 4.2 3.9 3.8 4.0

Florence

95,473 95,519 95,100 95,113 4,721 4,275 4,245 4,249 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

424,262 424,442 421,840 422,680 16,874 14,664 15,169 14,897 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

84,201 84,410 83,217 83,437 3,695 3,135 3,165 3,130 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

184,768 190,166 183,803 187,107 10,064 8,706 9,799 9,312 5.4 4.6 5.3 5.0

Spartanburg

155,720 156,417 154,089 155,749 6,596 5,829 5,915 5,887 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.8

Sumter

44,178 43,623 43,796 43,333 2,328 2,119 2,144 2,144 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.9

South Dakota

454,982 458,894 454,040 458,728 11,096 13,805 12,215 15,310 2.4 3.0 2.7 3.3

Rapid City

72,663 74,170 71,672 73,764 1,931 2,357 2,129 2,661 2.7 3.2 3.0 3.6

Sioux Falls

148,788 150,375 149,457 150,273 3,006 3,849 3,363 4,304 2.0 2.6 2.3 2.9

Tennessee

3,162,841 3,213,334 3,157,185 3,206,346 157,787 97,259 148,866 107,045 5.0 3.0 4.7 3.3

Chattanooga

262,493 268,898 261,668 269,570 13,681 9,044 12,565 9,457 5.2 3.4 4.8 3.5

Clarksville

110,625 110,917 110,172 111,128 6,066 4,294 5,663 4,516 5.5 3.9 5.1 4.1

Cleveland

57,678 59,978 61,823 60,441 2,827 1,758 2,676 1,953 4.9 2.9 4.3 3.2

Jackson

63,363 64,237 63,426 64,099 3,235 2,187 3,066 2,391 5.1 3.4 4.8 3.7

Johnson City

89,946 91,287 89,797 90,656 4,961 3,022 4,717 3,321 5.5 3.3 5.3 3.7

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,911 138,085 137,498 137,228 7,370 4,811 6,890 5,113 5.3 3.5 5.0 3.7

Knoxville

418,339 418,039 415,365 418,370 19,822 11,862 18,704 13,155 4.7 2.8 4.5 3.1

Memphis

628,223 630,622 628,951 633,932 34,277 23,154 32,096 24,875 5.5 3.7 5.1 3.9

Morristown

51,444 52,310 51,013 52,260 2,719 1,652 2,567 1,887 5.3 3.2 5.0 3.6

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

983,698 1,017,288 982,219 1,012,493 38,851 23,712 36,626 26,698 3.9 2.3 3.7 2.6

Texas

13,338,725 13,392,522 13,371,089 13,501,846 612,866 469,673 599,870 499,270 4.6 3.5 4.5 3.7

Abilene

74,956 74,157 75,017 75,010 2,974 2,303 2,856 2,427 4.0 3.1 3.8 3.2

Amarillo

131,311 131,631 132,042 132,639 4,306 3,163 4,159 3,389 3.3 2.4 3.1 2.6

Austin-Round Rock

1,123,093 1,133,605 1,124,627 1,146,697 37,322 29,255 35,932 31,314 3.3 2.6 3.2 2.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

173,842 171,461 173,843 172,457 11,563 10,852 12,042 11,139 6.7 6.3 6.9 6.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

165,443 163,137 166,597 164,110 11,444 8,900 11,703 9,520 6.9 5.5 7.0 5.8

College Station-Bryan

128,558 131,457 128,453 131,717 4,508 3,307 4,320 3,603 3.5 2.5 3.4 2.7

Corpus Christi

205,340 207,734 205,885 209,281 12,448 10,659 12,431 11,047 6.1 5.1 6.0 5.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,720,265 3,773,278 3,738,873 3,811,477 142,480 112,925 138,210 120,362 3.8 3.0 3.7 3.2

El Paso

354,034 356,405 355,604 360,689 17,585 13,489 16,969 14,357 5.0 3.8 4.8 4.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,293,833 3,284,396 3,295,413 3,309,912 175,543 135,313 172,105 142,424 5.3 4.1 5.2 4.3

Killeen-Temple

176,502 178,469 177,703 179,677 7,852 6,054 7,625 6,503 4.4 3.4 4.3 3.6

Laredo

114,271 113,380 114,770 114,413 5,308 3,650 5,073 3,922 4.6 3.2 4.4 3.4

Longview

98,273 96,846 98,197 97,468 6,054 3,914 5,878 4,077 6.2 4.0 6.0 4.2

Lubbock

158,588 158,947 159,184 159,604 5,300 4,050 5,054 4,371 3.3 2.5 3.2 2.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,682 332,834 335,661 337,320 23,651 18,781 25,365 21,017 7.1 5.6 7.6 6.2

Midland

86,381 86,307 86,732 87,314 3,699 2,083 3,496 2,233 4.3 2.4 4.0 2.6

Odessa

75,265 74,348 74,864 74,777 4,692 2,382 4,398 2,514 6.2 3.2 5.9 3.4

San Angelo

54,509 53,958 54,665 54,141 2,432 1,574 2,323 1,677 4.5 2.9 4.2 3.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,141,535 1,159,351 1,145,061 1,168,792 43,389 33,083 41,854 35,550 3.8 2.9 3.7 3.0

Sherman-Denison

60,929 60,843 61,353 61,393 2,304 1,739 2,241 1,882 3.8 2.9 3.7 3.1

Texarkana

65,156 64,720 65,003 65,075 2,964 2,478 2,881 2,609 4.5 3.8 4.4 4.0

Tyler

106,830 107,158 106,772 107,173 4,859 4,163 4,645 3,714 4.5 3.9 4.4 3.5

Victoria

47,266 46,570 47,327 46,851 2,609 1,847 2,545 1,914 5.5 4.0 5.4 4.1

Waco

122,355 120,465 122,809 120,747 4,946 4,020 4,745 4,247 4.0 3.3 3.9 3.5

Wichita Falls

63,522 62,883 63,408 63,272 2,729 1,882 2,632 2,082 4.3 3.0 4.2 3.3

Utah

1,527,871 1,572,224 1,526,692 1,574,943 47,409 45,609 40,660 42,621 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7

Logan

68,947 71,264 68,609 70,679 1,845 1,674 1,631 1,584 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

318,248 326,450 317,656 326,223 10,147 10,287 8,602 9,477 3.2 3.2 2.7 2.9

Provo-Orem

289,379 299,983 289,808 301,168 8,098 7,766 6,731 7,109 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.4

St. George

69,017 72,483 68,712 72,378 2,287 2,167 1,943 2,057 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.8

Salt Lake City

644,392 659,287 646,104 664,087 18,862 18,396 16,099 17,190 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.6

Vermont

344,510 343,620 344,383 344,876 8,720 7,947 10,072 9,148 2.5 2.3 2.9 2.7

Burlington-South Burlington

125,010 125,635 124,690 125,792 2,700 2,436 2,978 2,734 2.2 1.9 2.4 2.2

Virginia

4,258,096 4,291,931 4,249,068 4,270,565 170,163 150,667 159,490 155,171 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.6

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,350 93,626 91,396 92,461 4,109 3,350 3,733 3,513 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.8

Charlottesville

116,523 118,300 117,881 119,223 4,180 3,619 3,812 3,824 3.6 3.1 3.2 3.2

Harrisonburg

65,558 66,845 65,490 66,575 2,591 2,206 2,261 2,357 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.5

Lynchburg

121,743 122,124 121,877 121,970 5,438 4,911 5,088 5,091 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.2

Richmond

667,386 680,716 665,307 674,611 27,238 25,015 25,892 25,831 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.8

Roanoke

158,039 160,424 157,627 159,324 6,261 5,612 5,885 5,723 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,223 60,052 59,284 59,864 2,320 2,056 2,134 2,033 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

836,247 829,304 829,437 823,003 37,417 33,073 35,666 34,071 4.5 4.0 4.3 4.1

Winchester

69,479 70,827 69,335 70,564 2,512 2,135 2,297 2,255 3.6 3.0 3.3 3.2

Washington

3,681,300 3,760,589 3,671,129 3,755,995 184,152 157,929 188,004 167,580 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.5

Bellingham

108,774 112,969 108,913 113,407 6,130 4,678 5,984 4,898 5.6 4.1 5.5 4.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

118,126 121,614 119,444 121,692 6,676 5,303 6,539 5,452 5.7 4.4 5.5 4.5

Kennewick-Richland

134,693 138,416 133,786 136,466 8,096 6,319 8,816 7,029 6.0 4.6 6.6 5.2

Longview

45,010 46,184 45,468 46,660 3,218 2,368 3,144 2,538 7.1 5.1 6.9 5.4

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

58,765 60,904 58,462 60,408 3,699 2,740 3,764 2,900 6.3 4.5 6.4 4.8

Olympia-Tumwater

132,621 137,326 133,491 138,426 7,316 5,940 7,178 6,048 5.5 4.3 5.4 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,039,888 2,069,556 2,041,005 2,079,823 86,905 82,066 87,719 86,081 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1

Spokane-Spokane Valley

259,651 268,317 262,724 270,060 15,124 12,085 15,045 12,822 5.8 4.5 5.7 4.7

Walla Walla

31,977 33,187 31,817 32,803 1,537 1,329 1,614 1,388 4.8 4.0 5.1 4.2

Wenatchee

67,317 67,863 62,762 64,091 3,341 2,516 3,705 2,972 5.0 3.7 5.9 4.6

Yakima

131,553 132,140 123,177 123,865 8,094 6,080 9,968 7,163 6.2 4.6 8.1 5.8

West Virginia

788,123 781,720 779,129 777,192 41,772 33,085 38,750 38,739 5.3 4.2 5.0 5.0

Beckley

45,614 44,282 44,946 43,757 2,869 2,106 2,752 2,599 6.3 4.8 6.1 5.9

Charleston

96,691 96,332 95,790 96,226 5,225 4,231 4,790 4,926 5.4 4.4 5.0 5.1

Huntington-Ashland

147,627 146,746 145,967 146,465 8,177 6,988 7,612 7,469 5.5 4.8 5.2 5.1

Morgantown

67,655 68,274 66,673 67,757 2,714 2,247 2,357 2,517 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,055 38,159 38,804 38,038 2,049 1,721 1,939 2,001 5.2 4.5 5.0 5.3

Wheeling

65,012 64,524 64,704 64,248 3,831 3,099 3,659 3,251 5.9 4.8 5.7 5.1

Wisconsin

3,127,427 3,165,425 3,116,760 3,172,610 114,870 89,083 113,945 85,694 3.7 2.8 3.7 2.7

Appleton

131,989 135,212 132,044 135,687 4,175 3,686 4,131 3,412 3.2 2.7 3.1 2.5

Eau Claire

92,575 92,078 92,495 92,386 2,976 2,391 2,949 2,284 3.2 2.6 3.2 2.5

Fond du Lac

57,804 58,063 57,709 58,638 1,757 1,398 1,724 1,324 3.0 2.4 3.0 2.3

Green Bay

173,596 173,763 171,356 173,480 5,903 4,611 5,822 4,453 3.4 2.7 3.4 2.6

Janesville-Beloit

84,175 86,539 84,489 86,756 3,496 2,655 3,392 2,543 4.2 3.1 4.0 2.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,786 80,269 79,490 80,657 2,569 1,928 2,518 1,841 3.3 2.4 3.2 2.3

Madison

386,814 395,011 386,158 397,615 11,048 8,710 10,670 8,212 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

828,316 831,616 824,951 833,190 34,437 26,525 33,467 24,941 4.2 3.2 4.1 3.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,294 94,176 93,166 94,024 3,138 2,506 3,114 2,372 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.5

Racine

99,070 99,698 98,657 99,707 4,498 3,474 4,400 3,334 4.5 3.5 4.5 3.3

Sheboygan

62,291 62,272 62,289 62,169 2,041 1,596 2,023 1,479 3.3 2.6 3.2 2.4

Wausau

74,388 75,161 74,550 75,980 2,392 1,879 2,370 1,829 3.2 2.5 3.2 2.4

Wyoming

300,979 292,305 300,414 291,505 13,436 11,103 13,967 12,172 4.5 3.8 4.6 4.2

Casper

40,429 38,779 40,387 38,748 2,501 1,857 2,512 1,977 6.2 4.8 6.2 5.1

Cheyenne

48,817 47,838 49,402 48,061 1,752 1,711 1,735 1,735 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,102,730 1,061,157 1,111,068 1,114,967 137,831 121,137 121,705 115,427 12.5 11.4 11.0 10.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,752 85,256 89,461 89,959 14,435 13,425 13,413 13,282 16.3 15.7 15.0 14.8

Arecibo

52,263 49,125 52,752 52,028 7,660 6,410 7,143 6,593 14.7 13.0 13.5 12.7

Guayama

21,865 21,014 21,958 22,290 4,051 3,658 3,674 3,965 18.5 17.4 16.7 17.8

Mayaguez

28,591 28,428 28,809 29,107 4,140 4,188 3,664 3,474 14.5 14.7 12.7 11.9

Ponce

96,088 92,168 96,393 95,594 15,313 13,257 13,648 12,119 15.9 14.4 14.2 12.7

San German

36,866 37,250 37,161 37,305 5,690 6,692 5,220 4,882 15.4 18.0 14.0 13.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

731,884 703,536 738,309 741,586 78,254 65,990 67,653 63,817 10.7 9.4 9.2 8.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
October November Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

19,201,496 19,357,850 19,157,621 19,344,423 1,007,701 838,586 963,869 775,534 5.2 4.3 5.0 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,680,714 6,773,603 6,673,583 6,762,774 324,880 278,061 303,397 258,310 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,608,745 1,607,882 1,605,968 1,609,979 64,979 52,444 59,578 45,727 4.0 3.3 3.7 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,071,969 5,165,721 5,067,615 5,152,795 259,901 225,617 243,819 212,583 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,566,170 2,574,261 2,555,634 2,581,796 97,060 78,347 90,096 68,166 3.8 3.0 3.5 2.6

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,405,923 1,407,245 1,399,993 1,410,134 60,150 48,214 55,845 42,190 4.3 3.4 4.0 3.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,017,985 1,023,465 1,014,408 1,028,085 32,238 26,437 29,942 22,771 3.2 2.6 3.0 2.2

San Rafael

142,262 143,551 141,233 143,577 4,672 3,696 4,309 3,205 3.3 2.6 3.1 2.2

District of Columbia

394,704 401,159 394,454 401,691 23,389 27,462 22,343 23,190 5.9 6.8 5.7 5.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,337,197 3,391,066 3,333,272 3,380,530 128,641 123,251 119,213 122,612 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

685,982 701,158 683,827 699,156 23,471 22,222 21,514 23,230 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,651,215 2,689,908 2,649,445 2,681,374 105,170 101,029 97,699 99,382 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7

Florida

9,932,052 10,096,651 9,927,342 10,080,228 490,603 361,634 473,563 386,197 4.9 3.6 4.8 3.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,085,377 3,143,798 3,096,237 3,140,839 157,254 123,322 148,763 127,804 5.1 3.9 4.8 4.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,011,612 1,036,020 1,012,185 1,031,922 47,066 34,070 46,087 36,804 4.7 3.3 4.6 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,357,687 1,384,154 1,360,607 1,385,846 74,553 63,353 68,334 63,461 5.5 4.6 5.0 4.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

716,078 723,624 723,445 723,071 35,635 25,899 34,342 27,539 5.0 3.6 4.7 3.8

Illinois

6,520,067 6,434,065 6,493,487 6,467,818 363,282 301,844 340,691 302,474 5.6 4.7 5.2 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,909,472 4,861,585 4,881,550 4,882,913 272,019 230,465 252,176 228,255 5.5 4.7 5.2 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,783,546 3,754,154 3,761,186 3,776,395 216,835 183,860 198,080 181,611 5.7 4.9 5.3 4.8

Elgin

324,341 317,803 324,504 320,066 16,059 13,389 15,910 13,966 5.0 4.2 4.9 4.4

Gary(3)

342,883 333,520 340,018 328,726 17,649 15,574 17,024 14,676 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.5

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

458,702 456,108 455,842 457,726 21,476 17,642 21,162 18,002 4.7 3.9 4.6 3.9

Massachusetts

3,576,746 3,624,102 3,583,688 3,624,361 101,927 119,447 98,720 118,960 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,643,751 2,680,849 2,654,514 2,683,488 70,763 81,960 68,243 80,569 2.7 3.1 2.6 3.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,568,339 1,596,241 1,574,793 1,597,515 39,396 46,653 37,614 45,660 2.5 2.9 2.4 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,833 106,014 105,596 106,445 3,352 3,938 3,202 3,842 3.2 3.7 3.0 3.6

Framingham

154,226 155,269 154,810 155,392 3,685 4,379 3,486 4,310 2.4 2.8 2.3 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

113,270 114,079 113,148 113,795 3,140 3,386 3,159 3,395 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,842 95,533 95,134 95,545 3,748 4,233 3,657 4,172 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

184,250 186,244 184,908 186,312 5,448 6,222 5,258 6,109 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,658 83,622 83,099 83,659 2,478 2,712 2,357 2,701 3.0 3.2 2.8 3.2

Nashua(2)

169,859 170,569 170,682 171,392 4,583 4,630 4,794 4,694 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,891 91,121 90,412 91,133 2,398 2,864 2,276 2,810 2.7 3.1 2.5 3.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,583 82,157 81,932 82,300 2,535 2,943 2,440 2,876 3.1 3.6 3.0 3.5

Michigan

4,868,988 4,862,005 4,845,978 4,869,727 234,794 206,364 203,410 192,643 4.8 4.2 4.2 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,088,594 2,097,497 2,067,175 2,095,142 118,523 89,144 97,931 77,678 5.7 4.3 4.7 3.7

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

783,010 784,403 772,640 781,099 54,697 40,958 43,702 35,094 7.0 5.2 5.7 4.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,305,584 1,313,093 1,294,535 1,314,043 63,825 48,185 54,229 42,585 4.9 3.7 4.2 3.2

New York

9,548,033 9,711,454 9,496,305 9,644,829 455,099 448,961 428,310 431,628 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,972,256 10,096,595 9,929,152 10,029,312 468,892 466,283 426,470 434,701 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.3

Dutchess County-Putnam County

192,664 195,554 190,351 194,687 7,779 8,068 7,450 8,426 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,467,139 1,482,453 1,463,798 1,472,110 59,667 61,158 57,583 65,121 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.4

Newark(3)

1,238,599 1,224,664 1,231,893 1,218,218 56,954 58,463 50,630 58,683 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,073,854 7,193,924 7,043,110 7,144,297 344,492 338,594 310,807 302,471 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,461,574 6,372,892 6,439,865 6,379,536 339,080 265,311 312,670 273,749 5.2 4.2 4.9 4.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,098,302 3,089,724 3,102,050 3,093,418 153,868 135,744 139,731 136,417 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.4

Camden(3)

639,151 640,563 640,670 643,305 29,207 30,681 26,567 31,382 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,071,122 1,066,506 1,071,116 1,064,419 45,430 36,252 41,058 36,798 4.2 3.4 3.8 3.5

Philadelphia

1,011,707 1,001,571 1,012,361 1,003,640 62,871 51,918 57,238 52,125 6.2 5.2 5.7 5.2

Wilmington(3)

376,322 381,084 377,903 382,054 16,360 16,893 14,868 16,112 4.3 4.4 3.9 4.2

Texas

13,338,725 13,392,522 13,371,089 13,501,846 612,866 469,673 599,870 499,270 4.6 3.5 4.5 3.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,720,265 3,773,278 3,738,873 3,811,477 142,480 112,925 138,210 120,362 3.8 3.0 3.7 3.2

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,508,786 2,546,365 2,523,090 2,574,753 94,466 76,068 91,620 80,981 3.8 3.0 3.6 3.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,211,479 1,226,913 1,215,783 1,236,724 48,014 36,857 46,590 39,381 4.0 3.0 3.8 3.2

Washington

3,681,300 3,760,589 3,671,129 3,755,995 184,152 157,929 188,004 167,580 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,039,888 2,069,556 2,041,005 2,079,823 86,905 82,066 87,719 86,081 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,631,040 1,642,460 1,627,247 1,649,879 62,494 62,290 63,900 65,752 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0

Tacoma-Lakewood

408,848 427,096 413,758 429,944 24,411 19,776 23,819 20,329 6.0 4.6 5.8 4.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area October November Change from
November 2016 to November 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,991.8 2,023.1 1,999.3 2,029.8 30.5 1.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.0 46.5 46.2 46.9 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

63.7 67.0 64.3 67.3 3.0 4.7

Birmingham-Hoover

522.5 526.2 525.9 527.3 1.4 0.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

72.4 75.9 72.1 75.8 3.7 5.1

Decatur

53.5 54.4 53.6 54.9 1.3 2.4

Dothan

57.8 58.1 58.0 58.2 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.5 57.8 57.9 57.9 0.0 0.0

Gadsden

38.3 39.2 38.7 39.3 0.6 1.6

Huntsville

228.8 233.5 230.2 236.4 6.2 2.7

Mobile

180.4 179.7 180.7 180.0 -0.7 -0.4

Montgomery

174.0 174.9 174.4 174.6 0.2 0.1

Tuscaloosa

106.5 109.1 106.9 109.1 2.2 2.1


Alaska

324.6 324.3 317.3 316.0 -1.3 -0.4

Anchorage

177.2 177.3 174.8 174.2 -0.6 -0.3

Fairbanks

37.7 37.4 36.7 36.6 -0.1 -0.3


Arizona

2,750.5 2,782.0 2,767.5 2,811.5 44.0 1.6

Flagstaff

68.8 68.5 67.8 67.8 0.0 0.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

48.6 49.4 49.2 49.6 0.4 0.8

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,008.5 2,042.6 2,023.4 2,068.6 45.2 2.2

Prescott

63.5 63.3 63.3 63.6 0.3 0.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.3 35.0 34.7 35.0 0.3 0.9

Tucson

380.3 376.5 381.3 378.7 -2.6 -0.7

Yuma

55.0 55.0 55.5 56.1 0.6 1.1


Arkansas

1,243.3 1,264.8 1,242.0 1,263.0 21.0 1.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

250.5 257.9 251.9 258.3 6.4 2.5

Fort Smith

114.9 114.1 114.4 114.5 0.1 0.1

Hot Springs

37.4 37.9 37.3 37.7 0.4 1.1

Jonesboro

56.7 57.4 56.8 57.7 0.9 1.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

356.6 357.7 355.8 357.7 1.9 0.5

Pine Bluff

33.9 33.3 33.8 33.3 -0.5 -1.5


California

16,686.5 16,958.4 16,780.7 17,067.5 286.8 1.7

Bakersfield

256.9 262.0 259.6 263.3 3.7 1.4

Chico

82.4 83.8 82.4 83.4 1.0 1.2

El Centro

51.8 52.6 53.0 53.8 0.8 1.5

Fresno

341.1 348.3 342.9 348.6 5.7 1.7

Hanford-Corcoran

39.1 39.7 39.0 39.7 0.7 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,040.3 6,096.2 6,074.9 6,125.6 50.7 0.8

Madera

37.6 38.9 37.6 38.8 1.2 3.2

Merced

67.0 67.8 66.5 67.4 0.9 1.4

Modesto

175.1 178.3 174.6 178.4 3.8 2.2

Napa

73.2 75.3 72.7 74.1 1.4 1.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

303.9 311.0 306.6 313.3 6.7 2.2

Redding

66.7 69.2 66.9 68.9 2.0 3.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,418.0 1,465.5 1,442.5 1,489.3 46.8 3.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

956.8 978.0 965.4 983.6 18.2 1.9

Salinas

138.3 140.5 139.8 141.5 1.7 1.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,440.8 1,456.9 1,448.2 1,469.0 20.8 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,380.0 2,407.2 2,385.2 2,425.4 40.2 1.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,082.6 1,101.4 1,090.9 1,110.9 20.0 1.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.7 116.6 116.7 117.8 1.1 0.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

102.4 103.4 102.3 103.1 0.8 0.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

182.9 186.9 183.8 187.6 3.8 2.1

Santa Rosa

204.6 205.8 202.9 205.5 2.6 1.3

Stockton-Lodi

230.5 232.2 230.1 232.8 2.7 1.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

137.8 139.6 138.4 140.1 1.7 1.2

Visalia-Porterville

125.6 127.6 126.1 128.3 2.2 1.7

Yuba City

43.4 43.8 43.5 43.8 0.3 0.7


Colorado

2,628.2 2,668.9 2,623.2 2,674.2 51.0 1.9

Boulder

187.9 193.2 188.9 193.5 4.6 2.4

Colorado Springs

283.5 287.0 283.8 287.1 3.3 1.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,452.6 1,468.7 1,449.4 1,472.7 23.3 1.6

Fort Collins

165.0 169.8 164.6 169.1 4.5 2.7

Grand Junction

62.1 61.9 62.1 61.9 -0.2 -0.3

Greeley

101.2 105.2 101.0 104.9 3.9 3.9

Pueblo

62.2 62.9 62.6 62.9 0.3 0.5


Connecticut

1,691.1 1,692.6 1,698.0 1,699.2 1.2 0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

409.9 412.9 411.4 414.0 2.6 0.6

Danbury

79.2 79.7 80.0 80.4 0.4 0.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

576.9 575.6 577.2 577.2 0.0 0.0

New Haven

284.7 287.7 287.1 288.8 1.7 0.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.8 129.6 130.0 128.6 -1.4 -1.1

Waterbury

67.7 67.4 67.8 68.0 0.2 0.3


Delaware

455.1 456.7 457.6 458.3 0.7 0.2

Dover

70.1 69.7 69.8 70.1 0.3 0.4

Salisbury(1)

154.7 157.6 152.5 155.0 2.5 1.6


District of Columbia

790.1 798.1 791.6 798.2 6.6 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,260.0 3,307.3 3,267.8 3,316.7 48.9 1.5


Florida

8,466.5 8,672.7 8,553.2 8,759.1 205.9 2.4

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

259.4 256.8 262.3 262.0 -0.3 -0.1

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

111.6 113.7 111.2 113.5 2.3 2.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

199.4 203.0 200.2 204.1 3.9 1.9

Gainesville

143.0 146.3 143.5 146.3 2.8 2.0

Homosassa Springs

33.4 33.0 33.5 33.4 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

673.7 689.7 678.9 697.7 18.8 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

217.5 222.2 219.4 226.5 7.1 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,606.2 2,667.5 2,643.4 2,695.4 52.0 2.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

141.8 145.1 144.3 148.3 4.0 2.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

297.8 308.7 300.6 312.8 12.2 4.1

Ocala

101.9 104.1 103.6 104.9 1.3 1.3

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,219.7 1,256.6 1,233.2 1,272.0 38.8 3.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

212.1 215.8 213.5 216.9 3.4 1.6

Panama City

83.6 85.5 83.2 84.5 1.3 1.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

174.6 177.5 175.2 177.9 2.7 1.5

Port St. Lucie

144.0 146.5 146.4 147.9 1.5 1.0

Punta Gorda

47.8 49.3 48.6 50.4 1.8 3.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

50.4 51.8 52.0 53.1 1.1 2.1

Sebring

26.7 27.3 26.9 27.6 0.7 2.6

Tallahassee

181.8 183.6 183.2 184.6 1.4 0.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,313.1 1,342.7 1,324.9 1,355.5 30.6 2.3

The Villages

27.5 28.5 27.8 28.7 0.9 3.2


Georgia

4,439.0 4,527.3 4,468.5 4,549.5 81.0 1.8

Albany

63.3 63.0 63.5 63.3 -0.2 -0.3

Athens-Clarke County

94.8 99.1 95.6 100.2 4.6 4.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,708.2 2,772.0 2,729.1 2,785.1 56.0 2.1

Augusta-Richmond County

235.2 241.9 238.0 244.0 6.0 2.5

Brunswick

44.1 44.1 44.0 44.2 0.2 0.5

Columbus

121.0 121.9 121.9 122.9 1.0 0.8

Dalton

69.7 70.3 70.1 70.5 0.4 0.6

Gainesville

88.3 90.3 88.8 90.8 2.0 2.3

Hinesville

20.2 20.5 20.4 20.6 0.2 1.0

Macon-Bibb County

103.4 103.3 104.3 104.1 -0.2 -0.2

Rome

41.2 41.3 41.4 41.7 0.3 0.7

Savannah

176.2 181.7 178.6 181.2 2.6 1.5

Valdosta

56.9 57.3 57.2 57.7 0.5 0.9

Warner Robins

73.3 74.4 73.6 74.8 1.2 1.6


Hawaii

653.2 660.2 657.9 664.6 6.7 1.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.5 76.2 75.1 76.4 1.3 1.7

Urban Honolulu

481.6 486.1 484.4 490.4 6.0 1.2


Idaho

709.6 727.3 708.9 725.9 17.0 2.4

Boise City

311.2 322.4 313.2 323.0 9.8 3.1

Coeur d'Alene

62.5 63.5 61.8 62.3 0.5 0.8

Idaho Falls

64.6 65.6 64.5 65.5 1.0 1.6

Lewiston

29.2 29.6 29.1 29.6 0.5 1.7

Pocatello

36.4 37.3 36.5 37.3 0.8 2.2


Illinois

6,089.2 6,113.5 6,087.7 6,116.2 28.5 0.5

Bloomington

95.0 95.8 95.0 95.5 0.5 0.5

Carbondale-Marion

58.0 59.3 58.8 59.4 0.6 1.0

Champaign-Urbana

112.5 111.8 111.9 111.2 -0.7 -0.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,710.1 4,733.8 4,705.6 4,731.5 25.9 0.6

Danville

28.6 28.3 28.8 28.3 -0.5 -1.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.1 184.8 184.2 187.2 3.0 1.6

Decatur

51.7 51.5 51.9 51.6 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

45.3 46.2 45.7 46.9 1.2 2.6

Peoria

176.8 177.5 176.0 176.9 0.9 0.5

Rockford

152.5 152.1 152.2 152.3 0.1 0.1

Springfield

116.6 115.9 117.1 116.7 -0.4 -0.3


Indiana

3,134.2 3,167.2 3,144.8 3,167.9 23.1 0.7

Bloomington

79.1 79.9 79.2 80.1 0.9 1.1

Columbus

52.8 54.8 52.9 55.1 2.2 4.2

Elkhart-Goshen

133.1 140.1 133.2 140.2 7.0 5.3

Evansville

160.3 163.5 160.7 163.7 3.0 1.9

Fort Wayne

223.1 224.1 222.2 223.9 1.7 0.8

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,057.4 1,081.3 1,065.9 1,083.9 18.0 1.7

Kokomo

42.3 43.1 42.6 43.6 1.0 2.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

106.3 109.0 106.8 109.5 2.7 2.5

Michigan City-La Porte

41.8 40.6 42.0 40.5 -1.5 -3.6

Muncie

52.5 53.0 52.6 52.9 0.3 0.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

144.8 144.0 145.1 144.0 -1.1 -0.8

Terre Haute

72.3 73.3 72.5 73.1 0.6 0.8


Iowa

1,590.6 1,602.7 1,588.2 1,609.4 21.2 1.3

Ames

54.9 56.2 55.1 56.3 1.2 2.2

Cedar Rapids

144.7 146.2 145.0 147.0 2.0 1.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

362.4 370.8 363.4 372.7 9.3 2.6

Dubuque

60.4 60.4 60.8 60.6 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

103.1 105.2 103.3 106.0 2.7 2.6

Sioux City

88.3 88.3 88.5 88.6 0.1 0.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.6 92.0 92.4 92.3 -0.1 -0.1


Kansas

1,428.2 1,424.4 1,424.9 1,429.0 4.1 0.3

Lawrence

56.2 55.8 56.2 55.9 -0.3 -0.5

Manhattan

46.4 45.5 46.3 45.3 -1.0 -2.2

Topeka

114.2 114.4 114.0 115.3 1.3 1.1

Wichita

298.8 303.4 299.9 302.8 2.9 1.0


Kentucky

1,928.4 1,956.7 1,947.4 1,970.7 23.3 1.2

Bowling Green

76.6 77.6 77.0 78.8 1.8 2.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.1 57.9 57.7 58.3 0.6 1.0

Lexington-Fayette

280.6 284.2 283.4 283.9 0.5 0.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

661.7 678.5 671.5 685.5 14.0 2.1

Owensboro

53.5 53.7 53.6 53.9 0.3 0.6


Louisiana

1,982.8 1,992.3 1,982.4 1,997.2 14.8 0.7

Alexandria

63.4 62.8 63.5 62.9 -0.6 -0.9

Baton Rouge

409.4 413.9 407.7 415.4 7.7 1.9

Hammond

45.3 45.9 45.4 46.0 0.6 1.3

Houma-Thibodaux

87.6 85.9 87.2 86.1 -1.1 -1.3

Lafayette

200.1 199.6 199.8 200.4 0.6 0.3

Lake Charles

112.0 116.9 112.3 117.3 5.0 4.5

Monroe

79.8 80.4 79.8 80.5 0.7 0.9

New Orleans-Metairie

578.4 576.9 579.7 577.5 -2.2 -0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

180.7 178.2 180.9 178.6 -2.3 -1.3


Maine

625.7 628.9 620.6 623.1 2.5 0.4

Bangor

67.6 67.7 67.6 67.2 -0.4 -0.6

Lewiston-Auburn

51.8 52.8 52.1 52.6 0.5 1.0

Portland-South Portland

203.8 207.9 202.9 206.5 3.6 1.8


Maryland

2,732.7 2,788.3 2,737.9 2,795.3 57.4 2.1

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,408.6 1,421.6 1,411.1 1,428.7 17.6 1.2

California-Lexington Park

45.3 45.7 45.3 45.7 0.4 0.9

Cumberland

39.8 39.5 39.9 39.4 -0.5 -1.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

108.7 107.7 110.2 109.7 -0.5 -0.5


Massachusetts

3,608.3 3,675.5 3,608.7 3,675.2 66.5 1.8

Barnstable Town

106.3 110.4 102.9 106.3 3.4 3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,735.1 2,796.8 2,739.5 2,799.8 60.3 2.2

Leominster-Gardner

52.0 52.7 52.3 52.7 0.4 0.8

New Bedford

68.5 70.7 68.4 71.1 2.7 3.9

Pittsfield

41.9 42.5 41.9 42.4 0.5 1.2

Springfield

339.2 345.3 338.9 346.9 8.0 2.4

Worcester

287.2 290.2 287.7 291.4 3.7 1.3


Michigan

4,408.7 4,449.3 4,409.4 4,456.6 47.2 1.1

Ann Arbor

222.1 227.7 222.7 227.8 5.1 2.3

Battle Creek

59.8 60.2 60.0 60.3 0.3 0.5

Bay City

36.7 36.4 36.7 36.3 -0.4 -1.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,000.1 2,029.6 2,003.5 2,037.5 34.0 1.7

Flint

142.3 142.4 142.5 141.7 -0.8 -0.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

553.5 564.6 554.4 568.1 13.7 2.5

Jackson

58.4 58.9 58.3 59.1 0.8 1.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

149.8 152.8 149.4 152.7 3.3 2.2

Lansing-East Lansing

237.3 238.2 238.5 239.5 1.0 0.4

Midland

37.9 37.7 37.8 37.7 -0.1 -0.3

Monroe

42.9 43.7 42.9 43.6 0.7 1.6

Muskegon

63.3 64.1 63.0 64.2 1.2 1.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.7 63.3 62.0 63.2 1.2 1.9

Saginaw

89.3 91.4 90.2 91.9 1.7 1.9


Minnesota

2,934.1 2,978.1 2,932.1 2,966.6 34.5 1.2

Duluth

137.1 139.5 137.1 139.4 2.3 1.7

Mankato-North Mankato

59.0 60.0 58.5 59.6 1.1 1.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,984.2 2,031.9 1,984.3 2,025.9 41.6 2.1

Rochester

119.4 120.3 119.4 119.7 0.3 0.3

St. Cloud

109.6 111.5 109.3 111.3 2.0 1.8


Mississippi

1,153.0 1,161.6 1,153.3 1,166.7 13.4 1.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.0 155.8 155.2 156.7 1.5 1.0

Hattiesburg

64.4 65.7 65.0 66.3 1.3 2.0

Jackson

281.2 282.4 280.8 283.1 2.3 0.8


Missouri

2,883.7 2,915.2 2,887.6 2,917.4 29.8 1.0

Cape Girardeau

44.4 42.0 44.8 42.3 -2.5 -5.6

Columbia

101.2 103.5 101.6 103.6 2.0 2.0

Jefferson City

78.0 77.8 77.9 77.6 -0.3 -0.4

Joplin

80.9 83.0 81.4 83.6 2.2 2.7

Kansas City

1,083.3 1,093.3 1,081.8 1,094.8 13.0 1.2

St. Joseph

64.4 63.6 64.4 63.7 -0.7 -1.1

St. Louis(2)

1,379.7 1,394.2 1,384.1 1,395.4 11.3 0.8

Springfield

213.3 217.3 213.3 218.8 5.5 2.6


Montana

473.8 480.4 470.9 475.3 4.4 0.9

Billings

86.0 87.2 85.6 86.7 1.1 1.3

Great Falls

36.3 36.2 36.2 36.2 0.0 0.0

Missoula

61.6 62.5 61.2 62.2 1.0 1.6


Nebraska

1,025.5 1,036.8 1,030.6 1,038.7 8.1 0.8

Grand Island

42.8 42.7 42.8 42.5 -0.3 -0.7

Lincoln

191.2 193.6 192.1 194.3 2.2 1.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

502.5 512.2 505.2 514.1 8.9 1.8


Nevada

1,323.3 1,360.3 1,327.6 1,363.1 35.5 2.7

Carson City

28.9 29.5 28.8 29.5 0.7 2.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

964.8 989.4 967.8 993.0 25.2 2.6

Reno

227.0 230.1 228.1 229.9 1.8 0.8


New Hampshire

678.7 685.9 677.8 685.4 7.6 1.1

Dover-Durham

55.7 56.1 56.0 55.9 -0.1 -0.2

Manchester

111.5 112.7 111.9 113.7 1.8 1.6

Portsmouth

92.5 92.1 91.7 92.2 0.5 0.5


New Jersey

4,112.8 4,147.2 4,132.3 4,164.3 32.0 0.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

130.5 133.9 130.6 133.2 2.6 2.0

Ocean City

40.8 42.4 37.4 39.3 1.9 5.1

Trenton

268.5 269.4 272.6 270.8 -1.8 -0.7

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.8 61.3 60.0 61.9 1.9 3.2


New Mexico

835.4 848.8 841.9 851.5 9.6 1.1

Albuquerque

390.2 395.8 393.1 396.1 3.0 0.8

Farmington

48.9 48.9 48.8 48.8 0.0 0.0

Las Cruces

74.0 73.8 74.1 73.8 -0.3 -0.4

Santa Fe

63.8 64.1 64.2 64.1 -0.1 -0.2


New York

9,512.7 9,619.8 9,542.9 9,656.0 113.1 1.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

470.5 472.3 472.4 475.5 3.1 0.7

Binghamton

105.6 105.8 106.4 106.2 -0.2 -0.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

572.1 570.2 570.7 571.3 0.6 0.1

Elmira

37.6 37.0 38.0 37.2 -0.8 -2.1

Glens Falls

56.5 57.1 55.6 56.1 0.5 0.9

Ithaca

66.0 67.7 66.0 67.5 1.5 2.3

Kingston

63.0 63.8 63.0 63.5 0.5 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,628.1 9,720.7 9,678.4 9,767.7 89.3 0.9

Rochester

539.1 537.1 540.1 537.1 -3.0 -0.6

Syracuse

321.3 323.4 321.2 325.3 4.1 1.3

Utica-Rome

128.2 129.2 127.7 128.8 1.1 0.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.8 43.3 42.5 43.1 0.6 1.4


North Carolina

4,393.0 4,472.4 4,414.1 4,487.7 73.6 1.7

Asheville

191.0 192.7 190.8 192.8 2.0 1.0

Burlington

62.1 63.0 62.0 63.2 1.2 1.9

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,170.6 1,193.1 1,175.5 1,195.6 20.1 1.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

305.5 316.0 307.8 316.5 8.7 2.8

Fayetteville

129.3 132.5 131.2 133.0 1.8 1.4

Goldsboro

41.6 41.6 41.7 41.6 -0.1 -0.2

Greensboro-High Point

362.0 363.7 363.9 365.7 1.8 0.5

Greenville

79.1 79.1 79.8 79.4 -0.4 -0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

152.0 152.6 152.1 153.4 1.3 0.9

Jacksonville

48.9 49.9 49.4 50.1 0.7 1.4

New Bern

44.9 45.2 45.1 45.5 0.4 0.9

Raleigh

609.7 629.7 613.9 633.5 19.6 3.2

Rocky Mount

58.3 57.7 58.8 58.1 -0.7 -1.2

Wilmington

124.5 128.2 124.4 128.4 4.0 3.2

Winston-Salem

263.1 264.5 262.9 265.0 2.1 0.8


North Dakota

442.8 446.0 440.1 441.2 1.1 0.2

Bismarck

75.0 74.2 74.4 73.8 -0.6 -0.8

Fargo

143.7 146.6 144.0 146.1 2.1 1.5

Grand Forks

59.7 58.3 59.8 58.2 -1.6 -2.7


Ohio

5,539.2 5,593.7 5,542.4 5,586.9 44.5 0.8

Akron

345.5 343.8 346.4 343.6 -2.8 -0.8

Canton-Massillon

173.0 173.1 172.8 173.4 0.6 0.3

Cincinnati

1,092.8 1,111.1 1,092.6 1,112.8 20.2 1.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,061.3 1,071.8 1,061.3 1,065.6 4.3 0.4

Columbus

1,078.9 1,096.4 1,088.0 1,097.0 9.0 0.8

Dayton

386.8 393.7 388.0 397.5 9.5 2.4

Lima

53.0 53.4 53.3 53.5 0.2 0.4

Mansfield

53.1 53.1 53.1 52.9 -0.2 -0.4

Springfield

50.1 50.5 50.0 50.4 0.4 0.8

Toledo

314.3 314.9 316.0 316.5 0.5 0.2

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

42.3 41.9 41.7 41.5 -0.2 -0.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.9 223.8 226.9 225.3 -1.6 -0.7


Oklahoma

1,662.5 1,682.5 1,662.0 1,685.2 23.2 1.4

Enid

27.9 28.7 28.0 28.7 0.7 2.5

Lawton

45.9 46.1 46.3 46.2 -0.1 -0.2

Oklahoma City

633.5 643.7 632.8 642.7 9.9 1.6

Tulsa

448.4 452.4 448.8 456.0 7.2 1.6


Oregon

1,860.5 1,903.5 1,863.3 1,901.1 37.8 2.0

Albany

44.3 45.6 44.3 45.4 1.1 2.5

Bend-Redmond

79.9 82.0 79.4 82.0 2.6 3.3

Corvallis

42.4 43.0 42.6 43.1 0.5 1.2

Eugene

159.5 163.2 160.0 163.6 3.6 2.3

Grants Pass

26.2 26.5 25.9 26.1 0.2 0.8

Medford

87.2 88.6 87.1 88.6 1.5 1.7

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,159.6 1,183.4 1,163.6 1,185.0 21.4 1.8

Salem

165.0 166.4 164.4 166.6 2.2 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,963.1 6,028.9 5,972.8 6,043.0 70.2 1.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

366.9 367.0 364.7 366.5 1.8 0.5

Altoona

61.7 60.1 61.2 60.7 -0.5 -0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.0 43.4 42.9 43.2 0.3 0.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.1 60.8 60.4 61.3 0.9 1.5

East Stroudsburg

57.8 57.6 57.7 57.9 0.2 0.3

Erie

129.4 130.7 129.6 131.5 1.9 1.5

Gettysburg

35.4 36.6 35.3 36.5 1.2 3.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

340.8 347.7 340.7 348.2 7.5 2.2

Johnstown

56.7 56.9 56.4 57.0 0.6 1.1

Lancaster

253.0 256.4 252.5 256.9 4.4 1.7

Lebanon

52.2 52.1 52.5 52.4 -0.1 -0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,912.5 2,953.4 2,931.5 2,961.5 30.0 1.0

Pittsburgh

1,175.3 1,189.8 1,177.2 1,193.7 16.5 1.4

Reading

178.7 181.3 180.1 182.3 2.2 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

263.3 265.8 264.4 268.1 3.7 1.4

State College

80.6 80.1 81.0 80.5 -0.5 -0.6

Williamsport

53.8 53.2 53.9 53.5 -0.4 -0.7

York-Hanover

185.5 185.4 185.2 186.0 0.8 0.4


Rhode Island

497.6 503.6 496.9 503.0 6.1 1.2

Providence-Warwick

592.9 597.1 591.0 596.8 5.8 1.0


South Carolina

2,064.4 2,110.0 2,079.0 2,121.4 42.4 2.0

Charleston-North Charleston

348.4 356.5 352.0 359.0 7.0 2.0

Columbia

395.3 399.3 397.9 400.4 2.5 0.6

Florence

87.9 89.1 88.7 89.7 1.0 1.1

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

413.6 418.6 416.1 421.2 5.1 1.2

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

76.1 77.5 76.3 77.4 1.1 1.4

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

157.1 164.3 157.1 162.5 5.4 3.4

Spartanburg

149.7 152.1 149.8 153.1 3.3 2.2

Sumter

39.2 39.1 39.2 39.3 0.1 0.3


South Dakota

437.9 439.1 435.7 437.4 1.7 0.4

Rapid City

67.6 68.6 66.2 67.6 1.4 2.1

Sioux Falls

154.2 154.7 154.9 153.5 -1.4 -0.9


Tennessee

3,012.2 3,049.2 3,026.7 3,065.4 38.7 1.3

Chattanooga

255.2 261.5 256.5 264.2 7.7 3.0

Clarksville

90.3 90.2 90.3 90.8 0.5 0.6

Cleveland

48.0 50.0 52.7 50.8 -1.9 -3.6

Jackson

68.9 69.5 69.5 69.9 0.4 0.6

Johnson City

80.2 81.6 80.9 81.6 0.7 0.9

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.9 123.0 123.3 123.2 -0.1 -0.1

Knoxville

400.7 398.7 400.4 402.1 1.7 0.4

Memphis

645.8 648.7 650.8 655.8 5.0 0.8

Morristown

46.7 47.7 46.7 47.8 1.1 2.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

967.2 994.1 972.5 997.6 25.1 2.6


Texas

12,132.6 12,444.5 12,199.8 12,531.4 331.6 2.7

Abilene

68.6 68.6 69.2 69.4 0.2 0.3

Amarillo

120.6 122.4 121.6 123.2 1.6 1.3

Austin-Round Rock

1,014.4 1,036.3 1,018.6 1,046.4 27.8 2.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.8 163.6 164.3 164.5 0.2 0.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

142.1 142.8 143.4 143.3 -0.1 -0.1

College Station-Bryan

117.2 121.9 117.5 121.9 4.4 3.7

Corpus Christi

190.6 195.5 191.6 197.1 5.5 2.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,555.7 3,654.8 3,583.3 3,683.7 100.4 2.8

El Paso

313.6 320.9 316.0 324.3 8.3 2.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,013.5 3,054.4 3,021.6 3,070.1 48.5 1.6

Killeen-Temple

145.5 149.3 146.9 149.8 2.9 2.0

Laredo

103.7 104.9 104.7 105.6 0.9 0.9

Longview

97.1 98.5 97.2 98.8 1.6 1.6

Lubbock

146.6 148.6 147.7 149.2 1.5 1.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

254.1 259.7 256.1 261.9 5.8 2.3

Midland

87.1 89.1 87.9 90.0 2.1 2.4

Odessa

69.4 71.2 69.5 71.2 1.7 2.4

San Angelo

48.6 49.2 49.1 49.3 0.2 0.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,024.8 1,056.3 1,031.2 1,062.4 31.2 3.0

Sherman-Denison

46.5 46.9 47.1 47.2 0.1 0.2

Texarkana

60.8 60.6 61.1 61.2 0.1 0.2

Tyler

106.0 107.5 106.4 107.9 1.5 1.4

Victoria

42.3 42.5 42.4 42.6 0.2 0.5

Waco

119.4 118.7 120.3 119.0 -1.3 -1.1

Wichita Falls

57.6 58.1 57.7 58.3 0.6 1.0


Utah

1,453.2 1,493.2 1,456.0 1,498.1 42.1 2.9

Logan

61.3 63.1 61.6 63.1 1.5 2.4

Ogden-Clearfield

251.2 256.5 251.5 256.6 5.1 2.0

Provo-Orem

243.8 253.1 244.9 254.4 9.5 3.9

St. George

63.0 66.1 62.8 65.9 3.1 4.9

Salt Lake City

714.4 730.2 716.6 735.8 19.2 2.7


Vermont

317.1 320.0 315.6 320.4 4.8 1.5

Burlington-South Burlington

126.4 127.5 125.9 126.7 0.8 0.6


Virginia

3,960.6 3,993.7 3,964.4 3,998.8 34.4 0.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.8 81.0 79.2 80.5 1.3 1.6

Charlottesville

116.3 118.5 117.4 119.6 2.2 1.9

Harrisonburg

68.6 70.3 68.9 70.3 1.4 2.0

Lynchburg

105.1 104.9 105.4 105.7 0.3 0.3

Richmond

672.3 682.9 671.7 681.4 9.7 1.4

Roanoke

163.8 165.7 163.9 165.9 2.0 1.2

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.9 51.4 51.1 51.7 0.6 1.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

777.9 768.1 773.4 767.4 -6.0 -0.8

Winchester

62.7 64.1 63.1 64.6 1.5 2.4


Washington

3,297.7 3,365.6 3,299.4 3,368.3 68.9 2.1

Bellingham

93.5 95.3 92.9 95.3 2.4 2.6

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.8 90.2 89.8 89.5 -0.3 -0.3

Kennewick-Richland

111.7 113.1 111.7 112.9 1.2 1.1

Longview

39.7 39.9 39.6 40.0 0.4 1.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.8 51.0 49.6 50.9 1.3 2.6

Olympia-Tumwater

115.9 117.1 115.1 117.7 2.6 2.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,978.4 2,024.8 1,983.3 2,031.2 47.9 2.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

245.7 248.8 246.7 249.1 2.4 1.0

Walla Walla

28.4 29.1 28.6 29.3 0.7 2.4

Wenatchee

45.9 47.0 44.9 45.9 1.0 2.2

Yakima

85.4 87.3 85.3 87.2 1.9 2.2


West Virginia

755.0 758.5 765.4 759.2 -6.2 -0.8

Beckley

45.3 44.6 45.5 44.2 -1.3 -2.9

Charleston

119.0 119.7 120.4 120.5 0.1 0.1

Huntington-Ashland

140.3 139.8 141.0 140.3 -0.7 -0.5

Morgantown

72.0 73.1 72.6 73.5 0.9 1.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.8 39.9 41.5 40.2 -1.3 -3.1

Wheeling

66.9 67.1 67.7 67.2 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,961.6 3,003.7 2,961.2 3,001.1 39.9 1.3

Appleton

126.6 129.6 126.9 130.0 3.1 2.4

Eau Claire

87.2 85.8 87.4 86.2 -1.2 -1.4

Fond du Lac

49.1 49.0 49.0 49.4 0.4 0.8

Green Bay

178.4 177.8 176.0 176.9 0.9 0.5

Janesville-Beloit

67.9 69.9 68.6 70.1 1.5 2.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.7 81.4 80.8 81.8 1.0 1.2

Madison

402.7 409.6 403.0 411.8 8.8 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

868.9 873.1 869.1 875.3 6.2 0.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

97.6 98.1 97.7 97.6 -0.1 -0.1

Racine

77.4 78.3 77.4 78.3 0.9 1.2

Sheboygan

62.6 62.1 62.5 62.0 -0.5 -0.8

Wausau

73.5 74.1 73.6 74.5 0.9 1.2


Wyoming

280.0 278.5 274.1 273.1 -1.0 -0.4

Casper

38.3 38.5 37.6 38.0 0.4 1.1

Cheyenne

46.5 47.3 46.4 46.9 0.5 1.1


Puerto Rico

893.7 841.5 899.6 859.9 -39.7 -4.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.2 48.6 51.6 49.4 -2.2 -4.3

Arecibo

33.9 31.4 34.2 32.0 -2.2 -6.4

Guayama

15.3 14.4 15.4 14.6 -0.8 -5.2

Mayaguez

33.9 32.4 34.1 33.0 -1.1 -3.2

Ponce

71.1 67.1 71.5 68.2 -3.3 -4.6

San German

21.1 20.1 21.4 20.4 -1.0 -4.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

647.2 608.0 651.3 621.5 -29.8 -4.6


Virgin Islands(3)

37.8 - 38.3 - - -

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(3) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division October November Change from
November 2016 to November 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,686.5 16,958.4 16,780.7 17,067.5 286.8 1.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,040.3 6,096.2 6,074.9 6,125.6 50.7 0.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,595.3 1,607.5 1,603.7 1,617.5 13.8 0.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,445.0 4,488.7 4,471.2 4,508.1 36.9 0.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,380.0 2,407.2 2,385.2 2,425.4 40.2 1.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,152.2 1,163.9 1,155.0 1,171.8 16.8 1.5

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,111.8 1,125.1 1,114.1 1,134.9 20.8 1.9

San Rafael

116.0 118.2 116.1 118.7 2.6 2.2


District of Columbia

790.1 798.1 791.6 798.2 6.6 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,260.0 3,307.3 3,267.8 3,316.7 48.9 1.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

599.6 608.3 599.4 609.8 10.4 1.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,660.4 2,699.0 2,668.4 2,706.9 38.5 1.4


Florida

8,466.5 8,672.7 8,553.2 8,759.1 205.9 2.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,606.2 2,667.5 2,643.4 2,695.4 52.0 2.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

825.8 851.7 836.5 858.6 22.1 2.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,168.0 1,193.8 1,180.6 1,207.7 27.1 2.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

612.4 622.0 626.3 629.1 2.8 0.4


Illinois

6,089.2 6,113.5 6,087.7 6,116.2 28.5 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,710.1 4,733.8 4,705.6 4,731.5 25.9 0.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,755.3 3,777.3 3,755.3 3,776.2 20.9 0.6

Elgin

259.2 258.9 259.2 259.7 0.5 0.2

Gary

282.8 278.7 282.5 277.2 -5.3 -1.9

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

412.8 418.9 408.6 418.4 9.8 2.4


Massachusetts

3,608.3 3,675.5 3,608.7 3,675.2 66.5 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,735.1 2,796.8 2,739.5 2,799.8 60.3 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,839.8 1,889.6 1,842.9 1,890.9 48.0 2.6

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

82.3 82.7 82.9 83.7 0.8 1.0

Framingham

174.5 175.4 174.7 175.5 0.8 0.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

67.6 68.8 66.7 68.3 1.6 2.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.7 84.5 83.7 84.5 0.8 1.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

155.2 157.1 155.3 157.2 1.9 1.2

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.4 46.3 45.6 46.3 0.7 1.5

Nashua(2)

128.7 132.5 129.3 133.3 4.0 3.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

97.8 99.4 98.2 99.4 1.2 1.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

60.1 60.5 60.2 60.7 0.5 0.8


Michigan

4,408.7 4,449.3 4,409.4 4,456.6 47.2 1.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,000.1 2,029.6 2,003.5 2,037.5 34.0 1.7

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

753.4 766.5 756.9 768.3 11.4 1.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,246.7 1,263.1 1,246.6 1,269.2 22.6 1.8


New York

9,512.7 9,619.8 9,542.9 9,656.0 113.1 1.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,628.1 9,720.7 9,678.4 9,767.7 89.3 0.9

Dutchess County-Putnam County

148.1 149.3 146.6 150.0 3.4 2.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,346.8 1,349.1 1,354.0 1,353.1 -0.9 -0.1

Newark(3)

1,199.9 1,196.2 1,203.4 1,194.5 -8.9 -0.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,933.3 7,026.1 6,974.4 7,070.1 95.7 1.4


Pennsylvania

5,963.1 6,028.9 5,972.8 6,043.0 70.2 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,912.5 2,953.4 2,931.5 2,961.5 30.0 1.0

Camden(3)

538.3 544.4 543.4 548.8 5.4 1.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,060.4 1,079.2 1,065.9 1,078.1 12.2 1.1

Philadelphia

953.6 964.9 959.0 967.7 8.7 0.9

Wilmington(3)

360.2 364.9 363.2 366.9 3.7 1.0


Texas

12,132.6 12,444.5 12,199.8 12,531.4 331.6 2.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,555.7 3,654.8 3,583.3 3,683.7 100.4 2.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,535.6 2,606.6 2,557.3 2,630.4 73.1 2.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,020.1 1,048.2 1,026.0 1,053.3 27.3 2.7


Washington

3,297.7 3,365.6 3,299.4 3,368.3 68.9 2.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,978.4 2,024.8 1,983.3 2,031.2 47.9 2.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,667.8 1,705.6 1,671.1 1,710.8 39.7 2.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

310.6 319.2 312.2 320.4 8.2 2.6

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: January 04, 2018