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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, August 3, 2022                USDL-22-1584

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


           METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JUNE 2022


Unemployment rates were lower in June than a year earlier in 388 of the 389
metropolitan areas and higher in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 78 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent
and 2 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment
increased over the year in 129 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged
in 260 areas. The national unemployment rate in June was 3.8 percent, not 
seasonally adjusted, down from 6.1 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions
as those used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain
to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are from an 
establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by
industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and 
statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, Portsmouth, NH-ME, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.8 percent, while
Yuma, AZ, had the highest rate, 17.2 percent. A total of 189 areas had June 
jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.8 percent, 185 areas had rates above
it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in June occurred in El 
Centro, CA (-5.8 percentage points), followed by Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 
(-5.6 points). Rates fell over the year by at least 4.0 percentage points in 
an additional 14 areas. The only over-the-year unemployment rate increase was
in Yuma, AZ (+0.3 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or 
more, Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa
Clara, CA, had the lowest jobless rates, 2.2 percent and 2.3 percent, 
respectively. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest rate, 6.0 percent, followed
by Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, 5.7 percent. All 51 large areas had
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (-4.6 percentage points). The smallest rate
decrease occurred in Salt Lake City, UT (-0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In June, Nashua, NH-MA, and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA,
had the lowest division unemployment rates, 2.1 percent each. Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, MI, had the highest rate among the divisions, 5.9 percent, followed
by Philadelphia, PA, 5.7 percent. (See table 2.)

In June, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the largest rate decline
(-4.8 percentage points). The smallest rate decline occurred in Wilmington, 
DE-MD-NJ (-1.3 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 129 metropolitan
areas and was essentially unchanged in 260 areas. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+526,300),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+316,100), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
TX (+293,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred
in Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+12.5 percent), Athens-Clarke County, GA (+8.4
percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+7.9 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 45 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged
in 6 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these
large metropolitan areas occurred in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+7.9
percent), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+7.7 percent), and 
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN (+6.7 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 28 metropolitan 
divisions and was essentially unchanged in 10 divisions. The largest over-the-
year increases in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New 
York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+415,500), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, 
CA (+237,300), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+233,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment occurred in Dallas-
Plano-Irving, TX (+8.5 percent), followed by San Francisco-Redwood City-South
San Francisco, CA (+7.7 percent), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL (+7.3 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be
released on Friday, August 19, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, August 31, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).  


  _______________________________________________________________________________
 |										 |
 |        2022 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey		 |
 |                  Data to be released on August 24, 2022			 |
 |										 |
 | Each year, Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimates are benchmarked to	 |
 | comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment 	 |
 | and Wages (QCEW). These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance	 |
 | (UI) tax records that nearly all employers are required to file. As part of	 |
 | the benchmark process for benchmark year 2022, census-derived employment 	 |
 | counts replace CES payroll employment estimates for all 50 states, the 	 |
 | District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and about 450	 |
 | metropolitan areas and divisions for the period from April 2021 to September	 |
 | 2022. 									 |
 |										 |
 | The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release first-quarter 2022 data	 |
 | from the QCEW on August 24, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). Preliminary benchmark	 |
 | revisions for March 2022 for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 	 |
 | selected metropolitan areas at the total nonfarm level will be made available |
 | shortly thereafter on the CES State and Area homepage at www.bls.gov/sae. 	 |
 | The final benchmark revision for all state and metropolitan area series will	 |
 | be issued with the publication of the January 2023 State Employment and 	 |
 | Unemployment news release in March 2023.					 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) May June May June
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

Alabama

2,245,174 2,287,099 2,256,639 2,301,982 74,877 55,400 97,147 75,987 3.3 2.4 4.3 3.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,083 46,602 46,317 46,804 1,851 1,340 2,402 1,813 4.0 2.9 5.2 3.9

Auburn-Opelika

76,242 78,848 76,344 79,285 2,099 1,672 2,782 2,408 2.8 2.1 3.6 3.0

Birmingham-Hoover

555,626 572,029 557,264 576,939 16,992 12,454 22,140 17,091 3.1 2.2 4.0 3.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

100,091 101,761 101,909 102,896 2,808 2,193 3,694 3,055 2.8 2.2 3.6 3.0

Decatur

73,714 75,059 74,089 75,689 1,907 1,480 2,529 2,116 2.6 2.0 3.4 2.8

Dothan

64,434 65,773 64,640 66,432 2,046 1,553 2,720 2,154 3.2 2.4 4.2 3.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,532 66,751 65,573 66,906 2,217 1,738 2,911 2,405 3.4 2.6 4.4 3.6

Gadsden

39,235 39,676 39,432 40,093 1,581 1,137 2,018 1,543 4.0 2.9 5.1 3.8

Huntsville

240,039 245,608 240,130 246,389 6,058 4,762 7,945 6,742 2.5 1.9 3.3 2.7

Mobile

191,728 192,528 193,237 191,798 8,927 6,111 11,347 7,956 4.7 3.2 5.9 4.1

Montgomery

174,048 176,977 174,735 178,518 7,142 4,804 9,031 6,319 4.1 2.7 5.2 3.5

Tuscaloosa

113,543 116,763 113,261 117,045 4,298 2,958 5,491 4,198 3.8 2.5 4.8 3.6

Alaska

353,172 363,046 359,386 365,615 24,513 16,279 25,352 17,104 6.9 4.5 7.1 4.7

Anchorage

199,623 205,570 199,691 203,634 13,181 8,285 13,655 8,635 6.6 4.0 6.8 4.2

Fairbanks

45,226 46,190 45,792 46,399 2,442 1,787 2,507 1,837 5.4 3.9 5.5 4.0

Arizona

3,507,279 3,577,622 3,525,534 3,586,806 186,725 120,776 206,774 144,080 5.3 3.4 5.9 4.0

Flagstaff

71,170 74,157 72,971 75,356 4,588 3,101 5,174 3,642 6.4 4.2 7.1 4.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

87,268 89,431 88,660 90,650 5,179 3,525 5,771 4,234 5.9 3.9 6.5 4.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,497,993 2,549,407 2,512,132 2,558,132 122,565 73,354 134,087 86,901 4.9 2.9 5.3 3.4

Prescott

105,071 107,352 105,605 107,441 4,779 2,989 5,226 3,654 4.5 2.8 4.9 3.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,565 48,478 48,721 48,872 2,593 1,775 2,853 2,105 5.3 3.7 5.9 4.3

Tucson

482,081 488,698 480,192 483,045 25,886 16,261 28,361 19,147 5.4 3.3 5.9 4.0

Yuma

88,884 94,384 91,854 97,432 12,533 13,564 15,540 16,778 14.1 14.4 16.9 17.2

Arkansas

1,332,958 1,349,662 1,343,410 1,368,301 57,708 43,089 64,678 52,396 4.3 3.2 4.8 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

284,596 296,991 285,883 300,001 9,021 6,635 10,219 8,253 3.2 2.2 3.6 2.8

Fort Smith

116,446 117,579 117,255 118,965 4,930 3,647 5,586 4,480 4.2 3.1 4.8 3.8

Hot Springs

40,593 40,841 41,223 41,912 2,183 1,526 2,398 1,880 5.4 3.7 5.8 4.5

Jonesboro

65,024 66,043 65,426 67,157 2,398 1,761 2,670 2,221 3.7 2.7 4.1 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348,848 354,398 352,638 358,940 15,799 11,175 17,357 13,261 4.5 3.2 4.9 3.7

Pine Bluff

33,152 33,153 33,516 33,831 2,122 1,707 2,331 1,946 6.4 5.1 7.0 5.8

California

18,828,637 19,193,775 18,920,161 19,110,257 1,425,500 663,331 1,552,753 763,347 7.6 3.5 8.2 4.0

Bakersfield

384,963 384,729 386,691 383,197 39,881 23,328 43,756 25,916 10.4 6.1 11.3 6.8

Chico

91,648 92,589 91,836 91,602 6,312 3,123 7,096 3,669 6.9 3.4 7.7 4.0

El Centro

68,549 68,770 70,153 68,891 11,659 7,930 13,203 8,956 17.0 11.5 18.8 13.0

Fresno

445,402 454,691 447,756 451,756 41,219 23,880 44,718 26,215 9.3 5.3 10.0 5.8

Hanford-Corcoran

56,252 56,634 55,920 55,438 5,423 3,208 6,080 3,534 9.6 5.7 10.9 6.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,538,740 6,589,013 6,542,092 6,535,916 570,444 261,954 604,945 301,871 8.7 4.0 9.2 4.6

Madera

62,210 62,962 62,965 62,496 5,579 3,144 6,142 3,498 9.0 5.0 9.8 5.6

Merced

115,574 116,741 115,308 115,103 12,135 7,337 13,262 8,010 10.5 6.3 11.5 7.0

Modesto

238,638 239,510 239,668 236,476 20,502 10,862 22,786 12,319 8.6 4.5 9.5 5.2

Napa

69,301 70,754 69,956 70,874 4,119 1,642 4,497 1,915 5.9 2.3 6.4 2.7

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

404,973 410,040 406,364 407,553 24,752 11,018 27,752 12,922 6.1 2.7 6.8 3.2

Redding

72,412 73,380 73,327 73,383 4,872 2,523 5,497 2,875 6.7 3.4 7.5 3.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,097,751 2,153,865 2,107,313 2,148,239 158,036 72,762 177,326 85,064 7.5 3.4 8.4 4.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,089,570 1,113,703 1,099,044 1,109,048 71,198 32,012 79,468 37,245 6.5 2.9 7.2 3.4

Salinas

216,315 217,770 220,301 221,106 16,916 9,719 17,415 9,843 7.8 4.5 7.9 4.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,527,047 1,574,148 1,538,870 1,568,463 101,285 42,198 112,631 49,658 6.6 2.7 7.3 3.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,426,750 2,519,310 2,448,618 2,516,264 141,008 56,220 156,804 66,136 5.8 2.2 6.4 2.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,032,173 1,071,109 1,040,047 1,071,299 51,631 20,403 57,191 24,439 5.0 1.9 5.5 2.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

134,373 137,665 134,848 138,049 7,086 2,934 8,017 3,573 5.3 2.1 5.9 2.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

133,178 134,893 135,499 136,585 9,308 4,892 9,713 5,246 7.0 3.6 7.2 3.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

219,611 224,287 221,166 224,377 12,306 5,405 13,642 6,340 5.6 2.4 6.2 2.8

Santa Rosa

241,402 247,966 242,564 247,500 13,378 5,599 14,916 6,570 5.5 2.3 6.1 2.7

Stockton-Lodi

336,132 341,119 335,095 336,115 29,360 14,739 32,239 16,662 8.7 4.3 9.6 5.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

197,772 199,209 200,000 199,461 15,013 6,999 16,615 7,981 7.6 3.5 8.3 4.0

Visalia-Porterville

202,439 208,405 202,321 207,181 21,754 13,621 23,685 15,059 10.7 6.5 11.7 7.3

Yuba City

75,759 77,291 77,265 77,484 6,800 3,879 7,395 4,260 9.0 5.0 9.6 5.5

Colorado

3,133,677 3,222,714 3,169,313 3,244,129 178,715 98,847 196,553 105,080 5.7 3.1 6.2 3.2

Boulder

195,010 202,379 195,481 199,902 8,894 4,812 10,231 5,534 4.6 2.4 5.2 2.8

Colorado Springs

362,762 370,282 367,761 372,401 21,117 12,054 23,897 12,997 5.8 3.3 6.5 3.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,679,912 1,727,156 1,692,576 1,736,341 97,493 53,120 106,442 55,841 5.8 3.1 6.3 3.2

Fort Collins

206,043 211,319 207,280 210,872 9,982 5,439 11,204 6,087 4.8 2.6 5.4 2.9

Grand Junction

76,810 78,598 77,101 77,879 4,471 2,560 5,149 2,833 5.8 3.3 6.7 3.6

Greeley

164,668 169,105 165,320 168,029 9,894 5,570 10,996 5,960 6.0 3.3 6.7 3.5

Pueblo

77,485 78,845 77,802 78,681 6,376 3,917 7,026 3,949 8.2 5.0 9.0 5.0

Connecticut

1,849,338 1,902,380 1,865,575 1,919,657 122,689 75,379 129,241 78,973 6.6 4.0 6.9 4.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

450,354 466,100 456,902 470,595 29,738 18,905 31,467 19,722 6.6 4.1 6.9 4.2

Danbury

102,625 105,794 103,889 106,599 5,613 3,564 5,976 3,705 5.5 3.4 5.8 3.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

608,682 622,532 610,045 627,119 40,967 24,483 43,055 25,849 6.7 3.9 7.1 4.1

New Haven

324,434 333,370 326,449 336,166 20,486 12,509 21,644 13,129 6.3 3.8 6.6 3.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

134,929 138,158 137,988 140,138 9,840 5,837 10,365 6,117 7.3 4.2 7.5 4.4

Waterbury

108,482 110,257 109,230 111,879 9,049 5,427 9,301 5,627 8.3 4.9 8.5 5.0

Delaware

493,440 497,685 501,349 502,026 25,756 21,121 30,615 24,412 5.2 4.2 6.1 4.9

Dover

81,224 81,112 82,785 81,353 4,983 4,047 6,762 4,888 6.1 5.0 8.2 6.0

Salisbury(1)

194,299 196,932 202,303 205,773 10,556 8,245 11,807 9,582 5.4 4.2 5.8 4.7

District of Columbia

377,895 381,350 385,643 384,314 25,128 18,500 31,121 20,799 6.6 4.9 8.1 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,344,789 3,376,174 3,384,941 3,416,115 171,420 112,904 193,304 127,369 5.1 3.3 5.7 3.7

Florida

10,259,531 10,629,801 10,330,723 10,691,849 478,300 262,335 532,864 314,046 4.7 2.5 5.2 2.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

354,983 370,119 356,206 368,449 14,916 8,718 17,064 10,863 4.2 2.4 4.8 2.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

134,473 137,013 137,530 139,381 4,328 2,722 5,193 3,460 3.2 2.0 3.8 2.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

302,003 312,214 304,815 314,688 14,237 8,257 16,019 10,232 4.7 2.6 5.3 3.3

Gainesville

144,199 147,193 143,984 147,275 5,282 3,441 6,252 4,291 3.7 2.3 4.3 2.9

Homosassa Springs

47,602 47,881 48,007 48,148 2,676 1,670 3,093 2,103 5.6 3.5 6.4 4.4

Jacksonville

793,265 827,621 801,574 838,056 31,664 19,361 36,682 24,492 4.0 2.3 4.6 2.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

326,370 334,710 328,167 337,225 18,056 10,153 20,234 12,487 5.5 3.0 6.2 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,064,039 3,145,985 3,064,653 3,153,127 156,846 75,852 167,898 83,311 5.1 2.4 5.5 2.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

180,702 187,845 179,619 187,088 6,369 3,985 7,696 5,327 3.5 2.1 4.3 2.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

370,831 393,390 375,804 396,310 14,234 8,747 16,874 11,127 3.8 2.2 4.5 2.8

Ocala

141,710 143,994 142,694 144,512 7,007 4,276 8,008 5,245 4.9 3.0 5.6 3.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,311,712 1,384,145 1,332,101 1,396,222 69,872 36,926 76,371 44,275 5.3 2.7 5.7 3.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

288,138 295,704 292,537 299,714 11,667 6,941 13,256 8,547 4.0 2.3 4.5 2.9

Panama City

91,783 93,633 93,482 95,155 3,463 1,990 3,986 2,529 3.8 2.1 4.3 2.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

229,383 236,872 230,250 240,023 9,329 5,654 10,899 7,060 4.1 2.4 4.7 2.9

Port St. Lucie

224,021 230,073 224,757 231,170 10,036 6,066 11,486 7,575 4.5 2.6 5.1 3.3

Punta Gorda

72,925 75,998 73,322 76,154 3,104 1,972 3,680 2,459 4.3 2.6 5.0 3.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,446 66,775 64,763 67,033 3,087 1,945 3,571 2,437 4.8 2.9 5.5 3.6

Sebring

35,320 34,787 35,899 35,042 2,045 1,247 2,411 1,614 5.8 3.6 6.7 4.6

Tallahassee

192,373 199,426 193,776 199,376 7,998 5,065 9,296 6,215 4.2 2.5 4.8 3.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,565,149 1,631,242 1,585,014 1,645,691 67,796 38,462 76,164 47,210 4.3 2.4 4.8 2.9

The Villages

34,269 35,774 34,794 36,276 1,716 1,204 2,120 1,531 5.0 3.4 6.1 4.2

Georgia

5,156,490 5,263,638 5,181,408 5,283,103 205,587 143,302 235,614 172,908 4.0 2.7 4.5 3.3

Albany

66,092 65,927 66,636 65,807 3,573 2,288 4,208 2,817 5.4 3.5 6.3 4.3

Athens-Clarke County

99,296 103,389 98,092 103,368 3,390 2,574 3,891 3,240 3.4 2.5 4.0 3.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,108,261 3,199,292 3,131,886 3,219,723 124,341 84,285 142,328 101,918 4.0 2.6 4.5 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

266,057 268,958 267,134 269,031 10,143 8,377 12,208 9,952 3.8 3.1 4.6 3.7

Brunswick

52,601 53,523 52,875 53,600 2,143 1,497 2,212 1,666 4.1 2.8 4.2 3.1

Columbus

121,060 122,915 121,643 123,042 5,426 3,948 6,426 4,828 4.5 3.2 5.3 3.9

Dalton

58,444 58,819 58,765 59,016 2,314 2,077 2,662 2,191 4.0 3.5 4.5 3.7

Gainesville

104,354 106,327 103,748 106,273 2,860 2,224 3,182 2,663 2.7 2.1 3.1 2.5

Hinesville

34,835 34,711 34,766 34,811 1,307 997 1,487 1,196 3.8 2.9 4.3 3.4

Macon-Bibb County

101,889 103,457 102,627 103,812 4,675 3,150 5,321 3,776 4.6 3.0 5.2 3.6

Rome

43,824 43,774 43,656 43,895 1,634 1,211 1,859 1,503 3.7 2.8 4.3 3.4

Savannah

196,566 200,052 197,919 201,354 7,972 5,245 9,096 6,229 4.1 2.6 4.6 3.1

Valdosta

64,136 63,773 64,120 63,036 2,681 1,792 3,077 2,182 4.2 2.8 4.8 3.5

Warner Robins

87,694 87,472 88,209 87,568 3,288 2,390 3,831 2,931 3.7 2.7 4.3 3.3

Hawaii

663,437 671,055 670,831 669,802 36,967 23,911 43,329 28,222 5.6 3.6 6.5 4.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,444 86,556 87,965 86,609 6,331 3,631 7,278 4,210 7.3 4.2 8.3 4.9

Urban Honolulu

447,574 455,169 452,635 453,611 22,780 15,373 26,913 18,107 5.1 3.4 5.9 4.0

Idaho

913,151 954,539 922,115 963,276 30,783 22,156 33,774 26,299 3.4 2.3 3.7 2.7

Boise City

392,206 410,040 395,676 413,541 13,182 9,054 14,724 11,121 3.4 2.2 3.7 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

82,929 86,779 83,772 87,240 3,203 2,292 3,378 2,530 3.9 2.6 4.0 2.9

Idaho Falls

76,308 80,463 77,195 80,821 2,085 1,567 2,308 1,945 2.7 1.9 3.0 2.4

Lewiston

31,433 32,412 31,440 32,232 1,025 813 1,081 936 3.3 2.5 3.4 2.9

Pocatello

42,184 44,816 42,290 44,597 1,458 1,047 1,616 1,266 3.5 2.3 3.8 2.8

Twin Falls

54,021 56,897 54,555 57,364 1,794 1,285 2,007 1,563 3.3 2.3 3.7 2.7

Illinois

6,270,475 6,409,495 6,389,676 6,490,853 383,240 290,979 461,265 307,736 6.1 4.5 7.2 4.7

Bloomington

91,334 94,028 91,826 94,447 3,937 3,860 4,880 3,645 4.3 4.1 5.3 3.9

Carbondale-Marion

57,202 57,547 56,933 57,565 2,982 2,865 3,564 2,607 5.2 5.0 6.3 4.5

Champaign-Urbana

121,919 123,521 118,218 119,418 5,441 5,318 6,727 5,055 4.5 4.3 5.7 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,769,574 4,908,357 4,876,698 4,971,585 309,373 207,663 369,085 237,833 6.5 4.2 7.6 4.8

Danville

31,741 31,292 31,900 31,538 1,942 1,893 2,302 1,724 6.1 6.0 7.2 5.5

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184,990 189,877 187,703 193,538 9,854 7,125 11,118 7,237 5.3 3.8 5.9 3.7

Decatur

46,421 46,601 46,320 47,067 3,289 3,317 3,816 3,040 7.1 7.1 8.2 6.5

Kankakee

52,202 52,227 52,890 53,057 3,120 3,223 3,629 2,826 6.0 6.2 6.9 5.3

Peoria

168,578 168,466 170,566 172,327 9,397 9,206 11,023 8,329 5.6 5.5 6.5 4.8

Rockford

156,810 160,075 159,458 161,602 13,170 13,267 14,716 10,648 8.4 8.3 9.2 6.6

Springfield

102,869 104,356 104,287 106,358 5,272 4,920 6,235 4,472 5.1 4.7 6.0 4.2

Indiana

3,343,134 3,384,898 3,367,464 3,422,583 133,807 85,347 146,962 109,469 4.0 2.5 4.4 3.2

Bloomington

77,973 80,794 78,295 78,002 2,571 1,976 2,984 2,592 3.3 2.4 3.8 3.3

Columbus

43,261 43,576 43,179 43,642 1,398 893 1,517 1,130 3.2 2.0 3.5 2.6

Elkhart-Goshen

116,045 121,331 118,157 122,947 3,235 2,146 3,610 2,873 2.8 1.8 3.1 2.3

Evansville

157,438 159,198 160,041 161,367 5,920 4,036 6,809 5,113 3.8 2.5 4.3 3.2

Fort Wayne

216,093 220,766 217,115 221,929 8,456 5,169 9,183 6,594 3.9 2.3 4.2 3.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,084,436 1,104,838 1,091,240 1,119,161 41,820 26,307 46,189 33,358 3.9 2.4 4.2 3.0

Kokomo

35,684 33,730 36,596 34,563 2,417 1,391 3,146 2,255 6.8 4.1 8.6 6.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107,566 111,272 105,708 109,478 3,912 2,669 4,347 3,490 3.6 2.4 4.1 3.2

Michigan City-La Porte

46,590 46,599 47,230 47,239 2,629 1,511 2,783 1,881 5.6 3.2 5.9 4.0

Muncie

52,414 52,720 51,637 52,702 2,254 1,524 2,519 1,949 4.3 2.9 4.9 3.7

South Bend-Mishawaka

155,085 156,738 156,905 158,762 7,355 4,587 8,012 5,880 4.7 2.9 5.1 3.7

Terre Haute

71,978 72,936 72,298 73,023 3,273 2,142 3,601 2,770 4.5 2.9 5.0 3.8

Iowa

1,666,672 1,698,013 1,685,419 1,717,883 73,064 38,204 81,608 45,613 4.4 2.2 4.8 2.7

Ames

57,936 59,532 55,139 56,741 1,825 972 2,042 1,227 3.2 1.6 3.7 2.2

Cedar Rapids

141,576 141,572 143,957 144,733 7,295 3,706 8,154 4,376 5.2 2.6 5.7 3.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

359,414 368,555 364,346 374,169 16,158 8,101 17,903 9,485 4.5 2.2 4.9 2.5

Dubuque

54,770 55,049 55,476 55,949 2,411 1,245 2,717 1,464 4.4 2.3 4.9 2.6

Iowa City

94,279 97,444 95,394 98,851 3,848 1,884 4,288 2,288 4.1 1.9 4.5 2.3

Sioux City

90,501 92,826 92,019 94,456 3,525 1,909 4,116 2,432 3.9 2.1 4.5 2.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

86,803 88,833 87,162 89,043 3,834 2,055 4,388 2,396 4.4 2.3 5.0 2.7

Kansas

1,489,425 1,500,327 1,508,427 1,512,521 49,645 36,862 58,146 42,323 3.3 2.5 3.9 2.8

Lawrence

64,301 66,933 62,497 62,183 2,019 1,539 2,473 1,837 3.1 2.3 4.0 3.0

Manhattan

45,853 46,626 44,006 44,570 1,203 1,073 1,558 1,311 2.6 2.3 3.5 2.9

Topeka

120,453 120,794 122,034 122,291 3,583 2,974 4,291 3,358 3.0 2.5 3.5 2.7

Wichita

317,648 321,623 321,938 327,200 14,550 9,585 16,307 10,619 4.6 3.0 5.1 3.2

Kentucky

2,024,983 2,054,271 2,057,433 2,075,612 88,132 78,828 117,296 87,012 4.4 3.8 5.7 4.2

Bowling Green

83,009 83,936 83,315 84,683 3,668 2,786 4,407 3,455 4.4 3.3 5.3 4.1

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,005 64,877 65,748 65,849 2,878 2,764 3,971 2,883 4.5 4.3 6.0 4.4

Lexington-Fayette

269,061 273,152 272,338 277,709 10,054 8,000 12,778 9,772 3.7 2.9 4.7 3.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

660,182 679,525 673,135 686,080 26,150 25,176 36,933 23,577 4.0 3.7 5.5 3.4

Owensboro

53,949 54,581 54,431 55,382 2,216 1,984 2,850 2,291 4.1 3.6 5.2 4.1

Louisiana

2,065,533 2,096,180 2,091,819 2,116,448 125,435 75,902 149,808 98,054 6.1 3.6 7.2 4.6

Alexandria

63,278 64,957 64,257 66,042 2,785 1,741 3,394 2,407 4.4 2.7 5.3 3.6

Baton Rouge

414,500 421,429 414,898 420,742 22,832 13,582 27,594 17,737 5.5 3.2 6.7 4.2

Hammond

56,218 56,718 57,072 57,657 3,891 2,506 4,760 3,300 6.9 4.4 8.3 5.7

Houma-Thibodaux

87,093 85,576 88,298 86,596 4,615 2,875 5,534 3,763 5.3 3.4 6.3 4.3

Lafayette

211,927 218,344 215,659 220,457 11,854 6,941 14,225 9,098 5.6 3.2 6.6 4.1

Lake Charles

98,294 102,838 100,820 104,574 6,120 3,533 7,160 4,411 6.2 3.4 7.1 4.2

Monroe

78,635 79,391 79,585 80,122 4,390 2,701 5,203 3,461 5.6 3.4 6.5 4.3

New Orleans-Metairie

589,934 592,411 598,328 599,002 41,451 24,371 48,646 30,513 7.0 4.1 8.1 5.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

182,079 187,554 185,408 190,688 10,866 6,817 13,152 8,815 6.0 3.6 7.1 4.6

Maine

679,137 671,938 690,941 688,442 33,897 20,439 35,004 20,494 5.0 3.0 5.1 3.0

Bangor

67,859 68,561 68,232 68,674 3,163 1,907 3,383 1,985 4.7 2.8 5.0 2.9

Lewiston-Auburn

54,210 53,547 54,396 54,125 2,792 1,603 2,963 1,683 5.2 3.0 5.4 3.1

Portland-South Portland

203,729 203,750 207,448 209,462 9,028 5,201 9,448 5,290 4.4 2.6 4.6 2.5

Maryland

3,155,946 3,186,888 3,198,354 3,250,347 189,375 119,476 213,267 153,173 6.0 3.7 6.7 4.7

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,471,114 1,498,549 1,493,047 1,530,483 83,485 54,283 95,200 70,432 5.7 3.6 6.4 4.6

California-Lexington Park

57,594 57,045 58,289 58,283 2,582 1,891 3,119 2,641 4.5 3.3 5.4 4.5

Cumberland

42,718 42,625 43,058 42,894 2,556 1,784 2,971 2,338 6.0 4.2 6.9 5.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,670 132,345 133,804 135,226 6,182 4,140 7,188 5,506 4.7 3.1 5.4 4.1

Massachusetts

3,721,759 3,723,656 3,782,883 3,780,712 214,939 125,665 235,098 132,872 5.8 3.4 6.2 3.5

Barnstable Town

125,012 121,232 132,098 130,155 7,816 4,688 8,244 4,766 6.3 3.9 6.2 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,755,226 2,775,999 2,793,378 2,814,367 147,738 84,302 161,805 89,656 5.4 3.0 5.8 3.2

Leominster-Gardner

78,979 78,179 80,699 78,686 5,206 3,098 5,664 3,254 6.6 4.0 7.0 4.1

New Bedford

84,415 83,114 85,495 84,829 5,975 3,966 6,495 4,186 7.1 4.8 7.6 4.9

Pittsfield

40,810 39,550 42,008 40,512 2,879 1,706 3,062 1,726 7.1 4.3 7.3 4.3

Springfield

369,133 370,848 374,280 373,987 24,208 14,600 26,744 15,682 6.6 3.9 7.1 4.2

Worcester

355,359 353,144 359,389 355,956 20,792 12,424 22,951 13,230 5.9 3.5 6.4 3.7

Michigan

4,760,352 4,860,351 4,808,899 4,879,383 299,634 224,595 325,556 233,925 6.3 4.6 6.8 4.8

Ann Arbor

188,012 197,456 187,307 195,424 9,243 7,159 9,968 8,052 4.9 3.6 5.3 4.1

Battle Creek

59,848 61,151 60,015 60,891 4,335 2,981 4,617 3,427 7.2 4.9 7.7 5.6

Bay City

48,177 49,465 48,526 49,374 3,092 2,415 3,260 2,760 6.4 4.9 6.7 5.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,087,633 2,100,762 2,115,455 2,119,739 136,547 102,485 154,795 97,776 6.5 4.9 7.3 4.6

Flint

175,178 178,902 178,462 179,859 14,054 10,336 14,879 11,697 8.0 5.8 8.3 6.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

564,962 584,536 568,371 584,418 28,838 20,136 30,436 22,917 5.1 3.4 5.4 3.9

Jackson

72,547 74,494 72,506 73,765 4,518 3,300 4,730 3,686 6.2 4.4 6.5 5.0

Kalamazoo-Portage

162,639 167,840 163,803 167,320 9,386 6,833 10,070 7,736 5.8 4.1 6.1 4.6

Lansing-East Lansing

237,723 245,503 233,481 240,431 14,086 11,531 14,485 11,234 5.9 4.7 6.2 4.7

Midland

38,646 39,676 38,748 39,690 2,054 1,633 2,154 1,890 5.3 4.1 5.6 4.8

Monroe

72,598 75,023 72,537 75,035 5,190 3,485 5,007 4,165 7.1 4.6 6.9 5.6

Muskegon

75,381 77,604 76,506 78,217 6,259 4,198 6,660 4,818 8.3 5.4 8.7 6.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

70,648 72,104 71,600 72,413 4,382 3,175 4,683 3,685 6.2 4.4 6.5 5.1

Saginaw

81,357 82,309 82,348 82,546 6,188 4,741 6,506 5,405 7.6 5.8 7.9 6.5

Minnesota

3,011,123 3,079,060 3,028,163 3,097,827 96,378 49,684 115,238 69,117 3.2 1.6 3.8 2.2

Duluth

137,214 141,600 137,005 141,320 5,056 3,497 5,875 4,269 3.7 2.5 4.3 3.0

Mankato-North Mankato

59,049 60,811 58,544 60,461 1,687 771 2,052 1,173 2.9 1.3 3.5 1.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,975,460 2,037,094 1,984,300 2,048,706 64,946 32,154 77,466 45,398 3.3 1.6 3.9 2.2

Rochester

123,836 127,343 124,897 128,310 3,190 1,666 3,914 2,488 2.6 1.3 3.1 1.9

St. Cloud

109,098 111,383 107,898 110,304 3,813 1,840 4,441 2,502 3.5 1.7 4.1 2.3

Mississippi

1,258,776 1,265,121 1,267,481 1,273,369 74,633 47,343 90,219 57,022 5.9 3.7 7.1 4.5

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,989 167,310 167,301 169,041 10,016 6,382 11,978 7,544 6.1 3.8 7.2 4.5

Hattiesburg

68,301 69,072 68,696 69,679 3,701 2,306 4,498 2,731 5.4 3.3 6.5 3.9

Jackson

259,644 257,954 261,853 260,852 14,024 8,894 17,068 10,680 5.4 3.4 6.5 4.1

Missouri

3,074,133 3,064,950 3,098,490 3,064,405 144,893 85,171 154,623 72,053 4.7 2.8 5.0 2.4

Cape Girardeau

48,082 47,726 48,263 47,758 1,847 1,314 2,096 1,161 3.8 2.8 4.3 2.4

Columbia

99,059 100,414 98,617 99,281 3,065 2,270 3,442 1,837 3.1 2.3 3.5 1.9

Jefferson City

74,077 73,955 74,483 73,830 2,392 1,709 2,585 1,431 3.2 2.3 3.5 1.9

Joplin

84,110 84,685 84,621 84,398 3,376 2,222 3,644 1,877 4.0 2.6 4.3 2.2

Kansas City

1,145,425 1,142,094 1,153,691 1,145,624 57,378 30,493 59,897 29,382 5.0 2.7 5.2 2.6

St. Joseph

60,969 61,353 61,438 61,051 2,219 1,492 2,533 1,344 3.6 2.4 4.1 2.2

St. Louis(2)

1,452,106 1,459,025 1,465,408 1,463,504 68,228 46,561 75,958 40,314 4.7 3.2 5.2 2.8

Springfield

238,103 240,497 237,676 238,766 8,475 5,670 9,209 4,617 3.6 2.4 3.9 1.9

Montana

548,007 563,884 555,499 573,140 16,957 14,231 20,916 16,407 3.1 2.5 3.8 2.9

Billings

89,877 93,346 91,177 94,264 2,578 2,129 3,405 2,674 2.9 2.3 3.7 2.8

Great Falls

37,722 38,774 38,130 39,143 1,139 970 1,420 1,127 3.0 2.5 3.7 2.9

Missoula

65,358 67,481 66,309 67,954 1,990 1,656 2,431 1,899 3.0 2.5 3.7 2.8

Nebraska

1,048,243 1,065,243 1,055,919 1,069,903 25,804 20,785 31,072 26,616 2.5 2.0 2.9 2.5

Grand Island

44,640 44,918 45,343 45,163 1,163 1,093 1,384 1,356 2.6 2.4 3.1 3.0

Lincoln

187,354 191,514 186,630 192,094 4,416 3,617 5,288 4,678 2.4 1.9 2.8 2.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

498,360 509,916 501,006 511,239 14,577 10,667 17,483 13,472 2.9 2.1 3.5 2.6

Nevada

1,507,577 1,527,639 1,506,841 1,527,339 115,290 71,106 118,707 78,353 7.6 4.7 7.9 5.1

Carson City

25,827 25,608 25,613 25,678 1,295 817 1,312 956 5.0 3.2 5.1 3.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,096,980 1,121,001 1,101,017 1,122,038 96,889 58,690 99,845 64,089 8.8 5.2 9.1 5.7

Reno

256,485 257,122 253,961 256,463 11,696 7,445 11,849 8,479 4.6 2.9 4.7 3.3

New Hampshire

749,280 758,432 758,434 772,473 26,206 13,733 28,184 15,447 3.5 1.8 3.7 2.0

Dover-Durham

84,334 84,022 84,117 84,347 2,973 1,465 3,187 1,715 3.5 1.7 3.8 2.0

Manchester

118,550 119,983 118,597 121,922 4,107 2,103 4,328 2,340 3.5 1.8 3.6 1.9

Portsmouth

75,781 75,419 77,895 77,785 2,572 1,357 2,692 1,429 3.4 1.8 3.5 1.8

New Jersey

4,643,132 4,640,918 4,711,626 4,668,824 304,159 158,382 336,508 165,331 6.6 3.4 7.1 3.5

Atlantic City-Hammonton

122,799 127,668 126,614 129,929 12,059 6,082 13,067 6,122 9.8 4.8 10.3 4.7

Ocean City

48,178 47,358 55,288 53,925 4,038 2,471 4,187 2,316 8.4 5.2 7.6 4.3

Trenton

211,865 209,205 213,618 207,746 11,350 5,891 12,664 6,264 5.4 2.8 5.9 3.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

69,988 67,530 70,308 66,617 5,217 3,095 5,822 3,160 7.5 4.6 8.3 4.7

New Mexico

936,684 940,149 948,858 950,595 64,745 38,660 77,082 47,229 6.9 4.1 8.1 5.0

Albuquerque

433,981 439,154 436,813 441,206 28,167 16,470 33,626 20,137 6.5 3.8 7.7 4.6

Farmington

49,074 50,135 50,093 51,154 3,887 2,365 4,762 2,972 7.9 4.7 9.5 5.8

Las Cruces

97,744 99,570 99,209 100,078 6,583 4,342 7,931 5,330 6.7 4.4 8.0 5.3

Santa Fe

72,410 73,562 73,557 74,472 4,649 2,579 5,353 3,132 6.4 3.5 7.3 4.2

New York

9,445,614 9,503,891 9,563,712 9,555,160 664,822 388,612 715,076 418,566 7.0 4.1 7.5 4.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,530 458,544 450,326 461,432 19,149 12,349 21,456 13,627 4.3 2.7 4.8 3.0

Binghamton

103,930 105,961 104,440 106,238 4,990 3,388 5,731 3,801 4.8 3.2 5.5 3.6

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

531,977 547,781 539,184 550,587 28,786 18,487 31,651 19,807 5.4 3.4 5.9 3.6

Elmira

34,287 34,829 34,938 35,375 1,799 1,180 2,021 1,284 5.2 3.4 5.8 3.6

Glens Falls

58,215 59,273 60,485 61,152 2,648 1,734 2,922 1,843 4.5 2.9 4.8 3.0

Ithaca

49,380 50,059 46,706 49,190 1,710 1,203 2,065 1,366 3.5 2.4 4.4 2.8

Kingston

86,675 88,701 88,071 89,294 3,950 2,467 4,438 2,724 4.6 2.8 5.0 3.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,010,328 9,994,990 10,140,786 10,048,105 751,789 414,552 809,955 441,765 7.5 4.1 8.0 4.4

Rochester

514,782 525,470 520,517 528,103 25,174 16,355 28,016 17,780 4.9 3.1 5.4 3.4

Syracuse

301,950 309,255 305,499 312,064 14,805 9,773 16,627 10,663 4.9 3.2 5.4 3.4

Utica-Rome

127,722 128,600 129,056 129,824 6,434 4,182 7,238 4,571 5.0 3.3 5.6 3.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,532 44,526 45,174 45,555 2,066 1,480 2,290 1,582 4.7 3.3 5.1 3.5

North Carolina

4,934,701 5,136,201 4,988,863 5,145,699 254,917 187,089 273,309 209,855 5.2 3.6 5.5 4.1

Asheville

225,782 238,501 228,028 237,122 10,315 7,243 11,094 8,103 4.6 3.0 4.9 3.4

Burlington

80,907 83,408 81,441 83,106 4,127 3,046 4,513 3,452 5.1 3.7 5.5 4.2

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,349,560 1,413,556 1,366,420 1,427,836 65,439 48,197 70,998 53,975 4.8 3.4 5.2 3.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

307,590 322,153 310,771 320,760 13,058 9,817 14,141 11,056 4.2 3.0 4.6 3.4

Fayetteville

144,581 149,546 145,814 149,805 10,437 7,831 11,148 8,809 7.2 5.2 7.6 5.9

Goldsboro

50,629 51,916 50,926 51,804 2,700 2,055 2,921 2,275 5.3 4.0 5.7 4.4

Greensboro-High Point

353,439 367,427 355,536 366,661 20,747 14,768 22,131 16,515 5.9 4.0 6.2 4.5

Greenville

87,176 89,540 87,231 88,225 4,712 3,618 5,047 4,036 5.4 4.0 5.8 4.6

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

166,758 174,348 168,349 173,945 8,469 5,943 9,026 6,712 5.1 3.4 5.4 3.9

Jacksonville

65,001 67,690 65,058 67,379 3,594 2,836 3,921 3,192 5.5 4.2 6.0 4.7

New Bern

49,887 51,180 50,707 51,376 2,504 1,832 2,686 2,072 5.0 3.6 5.3 4.0

Raleigh

723,012 762,464 735,940 762,997 31,637 23,577 34,071 26,434 4.4 3.1 4.6 3.5

Rocky Mount

61,903 62,188 62,414 62,125 4,661 3,636 4,946 4,058 7.5 5.8 7.9 6.5

Wilmington

150,670 157,307 151,785 157,584 6,975 5,134 7,500 5,771 4.6 3.3 4.9 3.7

Winston-Salem

318,512 329,126 321,185 328,354 16,099 11,694 17,314 13,139 5.1 3.6 5.4 4.0

North Dakota

406,217 410,085 412,411 415,280 13,308 8,489 16,725 10,740 3.3 2.1 4.1 2.6

Bismarck

70,846 71,782 72,128 73,228 2,028 1,402 2,577 1,744 2.9 2.0 3.6 2.4

Fargo

142,668 145,589 143,506 147,402 3,744 2,382 4,711 3,033 2.6 1.6 3.3 2.1

Grand Forks

52,364 53,808 52,957 53,953 1,698 986 2,163 1,323 3.2 1.8 4.1 2.5

Ohio

5,707,226 5,789,735 5,798,905 5,808,147 292,024 206,802 346,297 260,155 5.1 3.6 6.0 4.5

Akron

350,757 351,449 352,362 350,473 18,080 11,573 20,935 15,231 5.2 3.3 5.9 4.3

Canton-Massillon

194,732 195,380 197,946 196,010 10,161 6,449 11,623 8,262 5.2 3.3 5.9 4.2

Cincinnati

1,118,233 1,131,572 1,140,562 1,134,657 48,103 33,521 60,033 44,156 4.3 3.0 5.3 3.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,007,082 1,023,295 1,029,316 1,042,809 60,811 56,329 71,652 62,279 6.0 5.5 7.0 6.0

Columbus

1,108,172 1,133,707 1,122,970 1,130,671 51,457 32,399 59,637 42,442 4.6 2.9 5.3 3.8

Dayton

381,042 388,890 386,790 388,087 19,654 12,500 22,849 16,435 5.2 3.2 5.9 4.2

Lima

47,617 47,460 47,769 47,350 2,863 1,589 2,906 2,051 6.0 3.3 6.1 4.3

Mansfield

51,324 51,394 52,191 51,648 2,855 1,843 3,338 2,341 5.6 3.6 6.4 4.5

Springfield

62,230 62,787 63,195 62,945 3,779 2,051 3,913 2,741 6.1 3.3 6.2 4.4

Toledo

293,606 303,240 296,823 304,533 16,903 10,492 19,426 13,215 5.8 3.5 6.5 4.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,343 50,680 51,396 51,085 3,049 2,260 3,992 2,840 6.1 4.5 7.8 5.6

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

228,923 229,832 232,033 231,934 14,266 9,526 16,763 12,251 6.2 4.1 7.2 5.3

Oklahoma

1,858,008 1,881,083 1,875,073 1,879,917 80,335 54,474 91,183 65,849 4.3 2.9 4.9 3.5

Enid

26,986 26,796 27,210 26,906 1,011 722 1,080 877 3.7 2.7 4.0 3.3

Lawton

50,683 49,708 51,543 50,089 2,372 1,718 2,763 2,030 4.7 3.5 5.4 4.1

Oklahoma City

697,530 711,516 704,413 714,454 29,866 18,973 33,785 22,985 4.3 2.7 4.8 3.2

Tulsa

481,531 492,770 489,301 494,263 21,544 14,717 24,591 17,490 4.5 3.0 5.0 3.5

Oregon

2,137,793 2,198,178 2,154,123 2,201,256 114,632 67,032 125,636 81,617 5.4 3.0 5.8 3.7

Albany

60,261 61,455 60,873 61,412 3,464 2,115 3,788 2,548 5.7 3.4 6.2 4.1

Bend-Redmond

102,196 105,143 102,802 105,448 5,412 3,027 5,850 3,688 5.3 2.9 5.7 3.5

Corvallis

47,788 49,565 48,133 49,566 1,838 1,175 2,127 1,657 3.8 2.4 4.4 3.3

Eugene

182,276 186,766 183,220 185,567 10,271 6,137 11,458 7,549 5.6 3.3 6.3 4.1

Grants Pass

37,125 37,498 37,373 37,618 2,317 1,546 2,535 1,861 6.2 4.1 6.8 4.9

Medford

107,390 108,314 107,830 108,460 6,013 3,638 6,520 4,486 5.6 3.4 6.0 4.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,331,802 1,382,447 1,334,873 1,380,175 70,011 42,671 76,312 49,888 5.3 3.1 5.7 3.6

Salem

207,928 212,526 210,508 212,855 10,732 6,484 11,980 8,093 5.2 3.1 5.7 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,417,742 6,474,336 6,470,672 6,470,440 420,388 262,098 455,649 299,433 6.6 4.0 7.0 4.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

447,915 454,954 452,528 456,430 29,961 17,923 32,351 20,101 6.7 3.9 7.1 4.4

Altoona

59,502 59,760 60,251 60,104 3,592 2,279 3,927 2,799 6.0 3.8 6.5 4.7

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,415 42,381 42,340 41,804 2,302 1,539 2,627 1,898 5.4 3.6 6.2 4.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,433 78,400 77,842 78,285 4,164 2,526 4,632 2,993 5.4 3.2 6.0 3.8

East Stroudsburg

81,701 83,073 82,981 83,222 6,454 4,509 7,003 5,128 7.9 5.4 8.4 6.2

Erie

127,103 127,015 127,793 126,788 9,533 5,869 10,151 6,770 7.5 4.6 7.9 5.3

Gettysburg

54,568 55,808 54,942 55,401 2,420 1,541 2,765 1,942 4.4 2.8 5.0 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

301,465 310,918 304,987 312,211 16,976 10,293 18,683 12,017 5.6 3.3 6.1 3.8

Johnstown

56,214 55,688 56,266 55,680 3,932 2,582 4,517 3,267 7.0 4.6 8.0 5.9

Lancaster

285,993 287,012 289,479 288,455 14,445 9,084 16,165 10,944 5.1 3.2 5.6 3.8

Lebanon

72,907 74,402 73,318 74,080 4,193 2,483 4,477 2,940 5.8 3.3 6.1 4.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,149,815 3,184,131 3,175,100 3,179,216 205,887 126,050 224,213 138,887 6.5 4.0 7.1 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,180,960 1,188,121 1,192,749 1,189,618 77,355 48,097 82,993 55,282 6.6 4.0 7.0 4.6

Reading

211,673 212,064 213,847 211,928 14,501 8,869 15,765 10,173 6.9 4.2 7.4 4.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

272,644 274,940 275,097 275,431 21,430 13,417 23,052 15,125 7.9 4.9 8.4 5.5

State College

76,599 78,505 74,168 74,406 3,514 2,369 4,183 3,018 4.6 3.0 5.6 4.1

Williamsport

55,577 54,748 55,804 54,560 3,791 2,396 4,069 2,734 6.8 4.4 7.3 5.0

York-Hanover

234,960 239,020 237,273 238,767 13,317 8,103 14,688 9,737 5.7 3.4 6.2 4.1

Rhode Island

568,432 567,803 576,391 578,765 33,758 15,342 37,652 16,052 5.9 2.7 6.5 2.8

Providence-Warwick

702,125 701,474 710,908 712,989 41,902 20,617 46,461 21,548 6.0 2.9 6.5 3.0

South Carolina

2,356,375 2,409,839 2,389,262 2,420,171 85,924 74,816 107,824 83,194 3.6 3.1 4.5 3.4

Charleston-North Charleston

393,149 409,019 400,595 413,173 13,239 11,355 16,188 12,263 3.4 2.8 4.0 3.0

Columbia

399,439 401,703 400,172 401,328 13,346 11,905 16,866 13,322 3.3 3.0 4.2 3.3

Florence

95,781 95,881 96,882 96,319 3,648 3,067 4,612 3,427 3.8 3.2 4.8 3.6

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

426,889 441,738 432,496 443,754 14,062 12,296 17,810 13,761 3.3 2.8 4.1 3.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

89,687 92,054 91,459 91,972 2,716 2,515 3,568 2,974 3.0 2.7 3.9 3.2

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

204,669 212,189 211,228 215,792 10,176 8,155 12,135 9,146 5.0 3.8 5.7 4.2

Spartanburg

166,618 170,129 169,308 170,486 6,519 5,236 8,084 5,988 3.9 3.1 4.8 3.5

Sumter

42,704 42,396 43,053 42,173 1,751 1,531 2,190 1,691 4.1 3.6 5.1 4.0

South Dakota

467,977 478,661 474,407 485,154 14,078 10,267 16,063 11,851 3.0 2.1 3.4 2.4

Rapid City

76,972 79,091 79,436 81,259 2,482 1,778 2,740 1,997 3.2 2.2 3.4 2.5

Sioux Falls

158,192 163,172 161,174 166,199 4,291 3,095 4,827 3,453 2.7 1.9 3.0 2.1

Tennessee

3,304,861 3,408,831 3,339,803 3,421,254 140,659 115,239 176,054 145,485 4.3 3.4 5.3 4.3

Chattanooga

273,518 277,288 276,334 277,674 10,067 8,544 13,781 10,654 3.7 3.1 5.0 3.8

Clarksville

118,307 120,214 119,371 121,190 5,694 4,750 7,124 5,735 4.8 4.0 6.0 4.7

Cleveland

57,726 58,220 58,346 58,821 2,292 1,972 3,056 2,569 4.0 3.4 5.2 4.4

Jackson

64,614 65,155 65,403 65,433 2,744 2,163 3,412 2,698 4.2 3.3 5.2 4.1

Johnson City

91,246 94,625 91,739 94,196 3,473 3,136 4,373 3,954 3.8 3.3 4.8 4.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

132,583 136,085 133,846 135,169 5,566 4,597 6,818 5,574 4.2 3.4 5.1 4.1

Knoxville

430,803 448,673 437,104 449,896 14,773 13,378 18,897 17,354 3.4 3.0 4.3 3.9

Memphis

635,530 648,439 645,157 654,182 40,222 28,717 48,947 35,970 6.3 4.4 7.6 5.5

Morristown

52,358 54,027 52,771 54,260 2,047 1,878 2,620 2,425 3.9 3.5 5.0 4.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,085,735 1,142,101 1,099,295 1,147,487 39,836 31,514 48,471 38,898 3.7 2.8 4.4 3.4

Texas

14,123,599 14,500,218 14,216,135 14,585,252 798,571 553,760 902,411 639,455 5.7 3.8 6.3 4.4

Abilene

78,559 79,005 79,021 79,217 3,478 2,518 4,046 2,939 4.4 3.2 5.1 3.7

Amarillo

133,356 134,397 133,734 134,060 4,943 3,673 5,789 4,294 3.7 2.7 4.3 3.2

Austin-Round Rock

1,292,558 1,344,028 1,306,976 1,355,788 52,424 36,184 59,250 42,236 4.1 2.7 4.5 3.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165,785 165,407 166,450 166,357 16,117 10,743 17,707 12,166 9.7 6.5 10.6 7.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

174,723 174,917 176,446 175,545 14,134 10,547 15,981 12,151 8.1 6.0 9.1 6.9

College Station-Bryan

137,078 138,802 134,414 136,242 5,688 4,069 6,791 4,972 4.1 2.9 5.1 3.6

Corpus Christi

202,107 202,569 203,485 203,896 14,408 10,367 16,256 11,794 7.1 5.1 8.0 5.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,057,293 4,247,686 4,083,475 4,263,936 205,930 139,967 232,474 162,190 5.1 3.3 5.7 3.8

El Paso

363,162 360,922 363,950 363,663 22,457 15,680 25,400 17,794 6.2 4.3 7.0 4.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,398,133 3,487,435 3,423,180 3,521,124 216,880 148,845 242,765 170,429 6.4 4.3 7.1 4.8

Killeen-Temple

181,219 182,018 181,909 182,093 10,104 7,527 11,614 8,674 5.6 4.1 6.4 4.8

Laredo

115,368 117,330 116,727 118,379 7,276 5,010 8,437 5,631 6.3 4.3 7.2 4.8

Longview

95,213 95,974 95,655 96,570 5,998 4,083 6,792 4,668 6.3 4.3 7.1 4.8

Lubbock

165,310 167,727 164,952 168,281 7,313 5,104 8,923 6,451 4.4 3.0 5.4 3.8

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

364,335 367,917 365,950 372,787 33,543 25,408 37,767 29,972 9.2 6.9 10.3 8.0

Midland

101,065 103,592 101,622 104,300 5,808 3,420 6,308 3,786 5.7 3.3 6.2 3.6

Odessa

79,963 81,187 80,474 81,264 6,770 3,903 7,288 4,328 8.5 4.8 9.1 5.3

San Angelo

54,741 54,753 54,974 55,001 2,625 1,767 3,023 2,071 4.8 3.2 5.5 3.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,202,786 1,227,168 1,215,075 1,233,316 61,584 42,859 70,574 49,623 5.1 3.5 5.8 4.0

Sherman-Denison

65,654 66,843 65,895 67,180 2,926 2,189 3,329 2,538 4.5 3.3 5.1 3.8

Texarkana

63,383 63,774 63,847 64,559 3,462 2,595 3,915 3,001 5.5 4.1 6.1 4.6

Tyler

110,188 110,338 110,192 110,865 5,541 3,876 6,351 4,491 5.0 3.5 5.8 4.1

Victoria

43,431 43,453 43,600 43,486 2,782 1,896 3,086 2,153 6.4 4.4 7.1 5.0

Waco

127,594 131,288 127,840 132,636 6,282 4,432 7,218 5,271 4.9 3.4 5.6 4.0

Wichita Falls

63,945 64,069 64,528 64,653 3,261 2,313 3,775 2,723 5.1 3.6 5.9 4.2

Utah

1,670,701 1,725,222 1,680,916 1,733,151 44,553 37,419 52,413 42,145 2.7 2.2 3.1 2.4

Logan

76,444 79,386 75,598 77,834 1,509 1,453 1,806 1,715 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

342,598 350,344 344,997 354,226 8,870 7,414 10,307 8,329 2.6 2.1 3.0 2.4

Provo-Orem

334,185 351,497 333,229 350,351 7,603 7,008 9,390 8,099 2.3 2.0 2.8 2.3

St. George

83,786 85,864 82,881 84,369 2,349 1,929 2,756 2,152 2.8 2.2 3.3 2.6

Salt Lake City

682,772 701,939 691,372 709,620 18,974 15,307 22,110 17,191 2.8 2.2 3.2 2.4

Vermont

326,485 331,427 330,722 340,329 10,783 7,114 12,786 8,629 3.3 2.1 3.9 2.5

Burlington-South Burlington

120,453 123,651 121,374 126,397 3,357 2,138 4,121 2,802 2.8 1.7 3.4 2.2

Virginia

4,260,580 4,343,713 4,294,260 4,375,469 175,213 129,454 194,600 127,265 4.1 3.0 4.5 2.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,501 92,251 84,924 89,953 3,131 2,686 3,629 2,693 3.5 2.9 4.3 3.0

Charlottesville

117,160 118,488 117,422 118,323 4,218 3,295 4,787 3,342 3.6 2.8 4.1 2.8

Harrisonburg

64,262 66,009 65,081 65,974 2,339 1,922 2,684 2,020 3.6 2.9 4.1 3.1

Lynchburg

118,337 119,278 118,278 120,212 4,973 3,968 5,653 3,979 4.2 3.3 4.8 3.3

Richmond

664,832 668,947 669,786 675,633 29,303 21,541 32,217 20,969 4.4 3.2 4.8 3.1

Roanoke

152,732 153,985 152,992 153,465 5,979 4,557 6,621 4,503 3.9 3.0 4.3 2.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

57,882 59,515 58,580 59,588 2,055 1,646 2,334 1,650 3.6 2.8 4.0 2.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

831,825 835,111 838,965 840,115 39,193 28,414 42,804 27,744 4.7 3.4 5.1 3.3

Winchester

73,861 75,779 75,083 76,104 2,343 1,868 2,684 1,928 3.2 2.5 3.6 2.5

Washington

3,865,117 4,010,557 3,905,358 4,015,929 197,360 143,827 217,160 158,454 5.1 3.6 5.6 3.9

Bellingham

112,097 116,588 112,973 116,104 6,506 5,233 7,070 5,579 5.8 4.5 6.3 4.8

Bremerton-Silverdale

126,546 129,772 126,954 128,889 6,200 5,202 6,713 5,495 4.9 4.0 5.3 4.3

Kennewick-Richland

148,856 152,446 155,031 158,267 8,083 7,094 8,993 7,517 5.4 4.7 5.8 4.7

Longview

48,020 49,448 48,320 49,357 2,936 2,556 3,233 2,677 6.1 5.2 6.7 5.4

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

61,062 62,612 61,857 62,786 3,669 3,077 4,111 3,188 6.0 4.9 6.6 5.1

Olympia-Tumwater

143,352 146,724 143,409 145,875 7,236 6,253 7,877 6,518 5.0 4.3 5.5 4.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,139,131 2,239,269 2,147,781 2,229,644 101,640 62,178 113,295 72,612 4.8 2.8 5.3 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

281,450 290,823 281,740 289,664 14,606 12,220 15,919 13,005 5.2 4.2 5.7 4.5

Walla Walla

33,182 33,019 33,666 33,525 1,405 1,273 1,519 1,416 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.2

Wenatchee

64,633 64,632 70,294 69,128 3,424 2,790 3,527 2,947 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.3

Yakima

127,881 130,624 138,513 139,283 8,659 7,566 9,179 7,642 6.8 5.8 6.6 5.5

West Virginia

787,055 797,622 801,067 811,061 40,793 27,437 44,996 34,620 5.2 3.4 5.6 4.3

Beckley

45,702 46,875 47,043 48,072 2,632 1,670 2,951 2,089 5.8 3.6 6.3 4.3

Charleston

92,391 91,971 94,212 94,256 5,377 3,217 5,589 3,962 5.8 3.5 5.9 4.2

Huntington-Ashland

144,516 145,542 145,580 147,387 7,454 5,327 8,754 6,868 5.2 3.7 6.0 4.7

Morgantown

71,200 73,079 71,054 72,877 2,896 2,220 3,299 2,852 4.1 3.0 4.6 3.9

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,736 39,471 39,661 40,184 2,197 1,420 2,408 1,779 5.7 3.6 6.1 4.4

Wheeling

61,382 62,399 62,589 63,136 3,580 2,452 4,156 2,977 5.8 3.9 6.6 4.7

Wisconsin

3,119,519 3,115,599 3,176,463 3,153,688 126,939 89,915 143,460 109,388 4.1 2.9 4.5 3.5

Appleton

131,825 132,740 134,458 134,436 4,310 3,095 4,965 4,062 3.3 2.3 3.7 3.0

Eau Claire

93,472 93,214 93,850 93,285 3,318 2,295 3,817 3,000 3.5 2.5 4.1 3.2

Fond du Lac

56,311 57,447 57,779 58,235 1,948 1,366 2,225 1,797 3.5 2.4 3.9 3.1

Green Bay

172,784 173,331 176,308 175,354 6,315 4,481 7,181 5,628 3.7 2.6 4.1 3.2

Janesville-Beloit

86,477 86,683 88,188 87,139 4,304 3,154 4,795 3,493 5.0 3.6 5.4 4.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

76,962 77,144 77,188 76,043 2,397 1,678 2,883 2,251 3.1 2.2 3.7 3.0

Madison

394,770 397,786 402,306 400,642 12,678 8,656 14,419 11,104 3.2 2.2 3.6 2.8

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

816,013 816,769 829,816 825,294 40,077 28,096 45,626 32,760 4.9 3.4 5.5 4.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,440 92,348 93,707 92,692 3,288 2,299 3,753 3,011 3.6 2.5 4.0 3.2

Racine

98,410 97,639 100,373 98,850 5,028 3,579 5,593 4,183 5.1 3.7 5.6 4.2

Sheboygan

61,843 62,304 63,705 63,406 2,194 1,502 2,509 1,893 3.5 2.4 3.9 3.0

Wausau

73,673 74,320 74,882 75,336 2,377 1,693 2,661 2,249 3.2 2.3 3.6 3.0

Wyoming

289,009 288,412 294,347 292,459 13,712 8,832 14,732 9,841 4.7 3.1 5.0 3.4

Casper

38,665 38,226 39,037 38,769 2,411 1,458 2,630 1,547 6.2 3.8 6.7 4.0

Cheyenne

48,328 48,876 49,076 49,359 2,087 1,387 2,256 1,587 4.3 2.8 4.6 3.2

Puerto Rico

1,174,427 1,194,153 1,158,864 1,176,114 94,868 69,981 95,432 68,222 8.1 5.9 8.2 5.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

92,609 93,681 92,149 92,058 8,890 7,241 9,253 7,140 9.6 7.7 10.0 7.8

Arecibo

56,514 57,631 55,872 56,162 4,812 3,981 4,764 3,860 8.5 6.9 8.5 6.9

Guayama

21,275 21,552 20,986 21,222 1,838 1,537 1,933 1,539 8.6 7.1 9.2 7.3

Mayaguez

29,489 29,886 29,317 29,321 2,602 2,029 2,595 1,980 8.8 6.8 8.9 6.8

Ponce

98,647 100,798 97,919 98,860 9,572 7,969 9,527 7,390 9.7 7.9 9.7 7.5

San German

37,298 38,020 37,257 37,437 3,676 2,901 3,866 2,876 9.9 7.6 10.4 7.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

794,208 807,903 781,409 796,962 58,694 40,720 58,663 39,993 7.4 5.0 7.5 5.0

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) May June May June
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

California

18,828,637 19,193,775 18,920,161 19,110,257 1,425,500 663,331 1,552,753 763,347 7.6 3.5 8.2 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,538,740 6,589,013 6,542,092 6,535,916 570,444 261,954 604,945 301,871 8.7 4.0 9.2 4.6

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,541,549 1,581,406 1,549,625 1,575,379 95,316 38,531 106,431 45,169 6.2 2.4 6.9 2.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,997,191 5,007,607 4,992,467 4,960,537 475,128 223,423 498,514 256,702 9.5 4.5 10.0 5.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,426,750 2,519,310 2,448,618 2,516,264 141,008 56,220 156,804 66,136 5.8 2.2 6.4 2.6

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,340,214 1,372,985 1,349,752 1,372,038 85,596 35,516 95,532 41,709 6.4 2.6 7.1 3.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

959,275 1,016,535 970,133 1,014,517 49,515 18,365 54,679 21,565 5.2 1.8 5.6 2.1

San Rafael

127,261 129,790 128,733 129,709 5,897 2,339 6,593 2,862 4.6 1.8 5.1 2.2

District of Columbia

377,895 381,350 385,643 384,314 25,128 18,500 31,121 20,799 6.6 4.9 8.1 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,344,789 3,376,174 3,384,941 3,416,115 171,420 112,904 193,304 127,369 5.1 3.3 5.7 3.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

680,840 688,717 688,011 699,793 38,415 23,013 43,591 30,612 5.6 3.3 6.3 4.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,663,949 2,687,457 2,696,930 2,716,322 133,005 89,891 149,713 96,757 5.0 3.3 5.6 3.6

Florida

10,259,531 10,629,801 10,330,723 10,691,849 478,300 262,335 532,864 314,046 4.7 2.5 5.2 2.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,064,039 3,145,985 3,064,653 3,153,127 156,846 75,852 167,898 83,311 5.1 2.4 5.5 2.6

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,025,870 1,058,964 1,032,507 1,065,846 52,153 26,811 56,500 31,920 5.1 2.5 5.5 3.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,306,071 1,323,299 1,297,756 1,323,587 72,980 30,646 75,295 28,474 5.6 2.3 5.8 2.2

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

732,098 763,722 734,390 763,694 31,713 18,395 36,103 22,917 4.3 2.4 4.9 3.0

Illinois

6,270,475 6,409,495 6,389,676 6,490,853 383,240 290,979 461,265 307,736 6.1 4.5 7.2 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,769,574 4,908,357 4,876,698 4,971,585 309,373 207,663 369,085 237,833 6.5 4.2 7.6 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,676,255 3,798,883 3,763,207 3,840,908 250,106 159,612 303,187 189,250 6.8 4.2 8.1 4.9

Elgin

308,594 316,045 315,724 321,825 16,607 16,034 19,384 14,501 5.4 5.1 6.1 4.5

Gary(3)

332,543 335,519 334,691 337,908 21,418 12,550 21,555 15,621 6.4 3.7 6.4 4.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

452,182 457,910 463,076 470,944 21,242 19,467 24,959 18,461 4.7 4.3 5.4 3.9

Massachusetts

3,721,759 3,723,656 3,782,883 3,780,712 214,939 125,665 235,098 132,872 5.8 3.4 6.2 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,755,226 2,775,999 2,793,378 2,814,367 147,738 84,302 161,805 89,656 5.4 3.0 5.8 3.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,644,149 1,663,719 1,668,118 1,686,809 85,818 49,024 94,563 52,068 5.2 2.9 5.7 3.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

109,198 107,523 110,269 108,822 7,458 4,416 8,156 4,707 6.8 4.1 7.4 4.3

Framingham

156,493 156,491 158,115 158,747 7,128 4,207 7,797 4,458 4.6 2.7 4.9 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,249 116,427 118,305 118,657 5,771 3,180 6,151 3,341 5.0 2.7 5.2 2.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

99,465 99,100 101,183 100,170 8,534 4,550 9,191 4,872 8.6 4.6 9.1 4.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

194,722 196,205 197,818 198,678 10,574 6,091 11,480 6,501 5.4 3.1 5.8 3.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,146 84,519 86,641 85,597 6,055 3,450 6,565 3,610 7.1 4.1 7.6 4.2

Nashua(2)

173,209 176,890 173,838 179,750 6,124 3,331 6,660 3,706 3.5 1.9 3.8 2.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

91,287 90,454 92,648 91,477 5,180 2,958 5,673 3,134 5.7 3.3 6.1 3.4

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

85,308 84,671 86,443 85,660 5,096 3,095 5,569 3,259 6.0 3.7 6.4 3.8

Michigan

4,760,352 4,860,351 4,808,899 4,879,383 299,634 224,595 325,556 233,925 6.3 4.6 6.8 4.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,087,633 2,100,762 2,115,455 2,119,739 136,547 102,485 154,795 97,776 6.5 4.9 7.3 4.6

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

786,040 787,879 796,182 793,080 66,603 48,427 75,608 46,734 8.5 6.1 9.5 5.9

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,301,595 1,312,882 1,319,273 1,326,658 69,945 54,057 79,187 51,042 5.4 4.1 6.0 3.8

New York

9,445,614 9,503,891 9,563,712 9,555,160 664,822 388,612 715,076 418,566 7.0 4.1 7.5 4.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,010,328 9,994,990 10,140,786 10,048,105 751,789 414,552 809,955 441,765 7.5 4.1 8.0 4.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,186 196,911 195,193 199,390 8,258 5,441 9,422 6,010 4.3 2.8 4.8 3.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,474,372 1,528,877 1,505,041 1,546,797 66,560 42,011 73,559 45,612 4.5 2.7 4.9 2.9

Newark(3)

1,273,091 1,272,202 1,289,430 1,279,018 83,430 44,120 92,506 46,318 6.6 3.5 7.2 3.6

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,069,679 6,997,000 7,151,122 7,022,900 593,541 322,980 634,468 343,825 8.4 4.6 8.9 4.9

Pennsylvania

6,417,742 6,474,336 6,470,672 6,470,440 420,388 262,098 455,649 299,433 6.6 4.0 7.0 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,149,815 3,184,131 3,175,100 3,179,216 205,887 126,050 224,213 138,887 6.5 4.0 7.1 4.4

Camden(3)

664,163 673,275 670,519 672,162 41,619 21,966 46,023 22,982 6.3 3.3 6.9 3.4

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,086,613 1,102,188 1,096,765 1,102,213 54,774 34,472 58,974 39,304 5.0 3.1 5.4 3.6

Philadelphia

1,014,905 1,022,311 1,022,351 1,018,019 88,694 53,626 95,145 57,772 8.7 5.2 9.3 5.7

Wilmington(3)

384,134 386,357 385,465 386,822 20,800 15,986 24,071 18,829 5.4 4.1 6.2 4.9

Texas

14,123,599 14,500,218 14,216,135 14,585,252 798,571 553,760 902,411 639,455 5.7 3.8 6.3 4.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,057,293 4,247,686 4,083,475 4,263,936 205,930 139,967 232,474 162,190 5.1 3.3 5.7 3.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,746,488 2,890,764 2,761,979 2,904,132 137,252 94,002 154,937 108,766 5.0 3.3 5.6 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,310,805 1,356,922 1,321,496 1,359,804 68,678 45,965 77,537 53,424 5.2 3.4 5.9 3.9

Washington

3,865,117 4,010,557 3,905,358 4,015,929 197,360 143,827 217,160 158,454 5.1 3.6 5.6 3.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,139,131 2,239,269 2,147,781 2,229,644 101,640 62,178 113,295 72,612 4.8 2.8 5.3 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,696,397 1,787,042 1,703,500 1,778,909 75,729 40,414 84,610 50,061 4.5 2.3 5.0 2.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

442,734 452,227 444,281 450,735 25,911 21,764 28,685 22,551 5.9 4.8 6.5 5.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area May June June 2021 to June 2022(p)
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) Level change Percent change

Alabama

2,035.6 2,079.5 2,044.0 2,085.2 41.2 2.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.7 46.9 46.2 46.9 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

66.1 68.2 66.1 68.4 2.3 3.5

Birmingham-Hoover

534.9 553.0 537.4 557.1 19.7 3.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

81.1 82.7 83.0 83.7 0.7 0.8

Decatur

57.0 57.9 57.4 58.4 1.0 1.7

Dothan

59.2 60.5 59.2 60.9 1.7 2.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.9 56.8 55.9 56.6 0.7 1.3

Gadsden

33.4 33.9 33.6 34.1 0.5 1.5

Huntsville

251.6 258.0 252.8 258.2 5.4 2.1

Mobile

183.9 186.2 185.2 184.6 -0.6 -0.3

Montgomery

172.7 177.1 173.2 178.6 5.4 3.1

Tuscaloosa

105.0 108.8 104.2 108.4 4.2 4.0


Alaska

310.4 318.8 321.4 330.5 9.1 2.8

Anchorage

169.7 175.9 171.2 178.5 7.3 4.3

Fairbanks

36.1 36.8 36.9 38.0 1.1 3.0


Arizona

2,936.0 3,039.7 2,903.4 3,007.8 104.4 3.6

Flagstaff

63.0 67.2 63.7 67.4 3.7 5.8