Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Industries at a Glance
PRINT:Print

Publishing Industries (except Internet): NAICS 511

About the Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector

The publishing industries (except internet) subsector is part of the information sector.

Industries in the Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector group establishments engaged in the publishing of newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, and books, as well as directory and mailing list and software publishing. In general, these establishments, which are known as publishers, issue copies of works for which they usually possess copyright. Works may be in one or more formats including traditional print form, CD-ROM, or proprietary electronic networks. Publishers may publish works originally created by others for which they have obtained the rights and/or works that they have created in-house. Software publishing is included here because the activity, creation of a copyrighted product and bringing it to market, is equivalent to the creation process for other types of intellectual products.

North American Industry Classification System

The publishing industries (except internet) subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers: NAICS 5111
  • Software Publishers: NAICS 5112

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in publishing industries (except internet). While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

768.7 767.4 (p)774.4 (p)772.4

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

588.8 584.9 (p)593.9  

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.7% 1.6% 5.6% 4.9%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2017 2018 2019 2020

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

3.6% 3.9% 3.3% 2.4%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

4.1% 4.2% 3.8% 2.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2020

Advertising sales agents

24,120

Editors

39,640

Graphic designers

14,870

Reporters and correspondents

16,890

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for publishing industries (except internet).

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in publishing industries (except internet).

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021

Average hourly earnings

$49.11 $48.60 $49.12 (p)$48.89

Average weekly hours

37.8 37.8 37.8 (p)39.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021

Average hourly earnings

$40.55 $40.32 $41.33 (p)$41.21

Average weekly hours

37.3 37.5 37.3 (p)38.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2017 2018 2019 2020

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$1,171 $1,153 $1,159 $1,431

Members of unions

-$ -$ -$ -$

Represented by unions

-$ -$ -$ -$

Nonunion

$1,167 $1,151 $1,168 $1,439

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2020
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Advertising sales agents

$21.82 $27.31 $45,380 $56,810

Editors

$28.01 $33.48 $58,260 $69,640

Graphic designers

$23.67 $27.16 $49,230 $56,490

Reporters and correspondents

$18.22 $25.68 $37,900 $53,410

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in publishing industries (except internet). An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2016 2017 2018 2019

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

14 12 14 10

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2019

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

0.6

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.3

Cases involving days away from work

0.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021

Producer price index

(p)118.9 (p)117.4 (p)118.3 (p)120.3

Percent change from previous month

  (p)1.6% (p)-1.3% (p)0.8% (p)1.7%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in publishing industries (except internet). Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2020
2nd quarter
2020
3rd quarter
2020
4th quarter
2020

Number of establishments

Private industry

(p)58,165 (p)59,340 (p)61,526 (p)63,511

Local government

(p)6 (p)6 (p)6 (p)6

State government

(p)2 (p)2 (p)2 (p)2

Federal government

(p)6 (p)6 (p)6 (p)6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2017 2018 2019 2020

Labor productivity index, output per hour

157.627 162.820 168.740 175.316

Percent change from previous year

7.3 3.3 3.6 3.9

Labor index, total labor hours

80.362 82.825 84.644 87.147

Percent change from previous year

-1.1 3.1 2.2 3.0

Output index

126.672 134.856 142.829 152.782

Percent change from previous year

6.1 6.5 5.9 7.0

Unit labor costs index

107.790 111.974 115.043 119.551

Percent change from previous year

1.5 3.9 2.7 3.9

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: July 30, 2021