Labor productivity is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) with the number of hours worked to produce those goods and services. The BLS also publishes measures of multifactor productivity.

Next Releases:

  • Productivity and Costs: Third Quarter 2019, Preliminary is scheduled to be released on November 6, 2019 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

Learn About Productivity

Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

Learn more about productivity.


LPC News Releases

Productivity rises 2.3% in second-quarter 2019; unit labor costs rise 2.6% (annual rates)


Productivity increased 2.3 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the second quarter of 2019; unit labor costs increased 2.6 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing, productivity decreased 2.2 percent and unit labor costs increased 6.7 percent.
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Productivity rises in 32 of 49 trade and food services industries in 2018


Labor productivity rose in wholesale trade, retail trade, and food services and drinking places in 2018. Within these sectors, productivity increased in about two-thirds of the NAICS 4-digit industries studied.
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Productivity rises in 18 of 28 selected service-providing industries in 2018


Labor productivity rose in 18 of 28 service-providing industries in 2018. Output increased in 21 industries, while hours worked increased in 15 industries.

Productivity declines in 69 of 90 detailed manufacturing and mining industries in 2018


Labor productivity decreased in 67 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries, while 2 of the 4 mining industries experienced gains in 2018. Growth in hours, coupled with declining output, led to a productivity decline for most industries.
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Schedule of Upcoming Releases



LPC Databases

Database Name Special
Tables Text Files
Major Sector Productivity and Costs
Top Picks for Productivity and Costs Data Finder for Productivity and Costs One Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Multi Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Tables for Productivity and Costs Text Files for Productivity and Costs
Industry Productivity
  Top Picks for Industry Productivity Data Finder for Industry Productivity One Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Tables for Industry Productivity Text Files for Industry Productivity


Download the complete Major Sector Productivity and Costs dataset


More Tools

LPC Tables and Charts

Data Tables

Labor Productivity and Costs Measures for:
  • Business and Nonfarm Business Sectors - September 5, 2019 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Manufacturing, Durable Manufacturing and Nondurable Manufacturing Sectors - September 5, 2019 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Nonfinancial Corporate Sector - September 5, 2019 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Industries (Interactive) - July 25, 2019 (XLSX 39.8MB), data only (XLSX 4.5MB)
Hours Worked and Employment Measures for:
  • Total U.S. Economy - all workers - September 5, 2019 (XLSX)
  • U.S. Nonfarm Economy by Sector - employees only - July 19, 2019 (XLSX)
  • Industries (Interactive) - May 23, 2019 (XLSX 15.8MB), data only (XLSX 1.4MB)

Charts and Dashboards

LPC Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

  • BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 11 Industry Productivity Measures (PDF)
  • Industry Hours and Employment. May 2014.
  • Construction of Average Weekly Hours for Supervisory and Nonproduction Wage and Salary Workers in Detailed Industries. August 2005. (PDF)

LPC Publications


LPC Special Notices

  • Beginning with the Productivity and Costs news release scheduled for March 8, 2017, an improvement in the methodology for estimating hours worked will be implemented. For more information see:
  • Data for private community hospitals (Industry 622A) were updated for 2014 on May 18, 2017. These changes have been incorporated into the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Tables and the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Chart Dashboard. The private community hospitals data were originally added on October 16, 2015.
  • Labor productivity and costs data for the nonfinancial corporate sector were corrected December 17, 2012. For more information, see

Contact LPC

Major Sector Productivity and Cost Data (Quarterly and Annual)

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone

Industry Productivity and Cost Data (Annual)

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone

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