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Industries at a Glance
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Manufacturing: NAICS 31-33

About the Manufacturing sector

The manufacturing sector is part of the goods-producing industries supersector group.

The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products.

Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The manufacturing sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

12,846 12,850 (p)12,852 (p)12,850

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

8,973 8,968 (p)8,970 (p)8,961

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

2.8% 3.0% 3.2% 3.4%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

515 513 (p)484  

Hires

408 384 (p)354  

Separations

339 358 (p)388  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

9.4% 8.8% 9.1% 9.0%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

10.0% 9.6% 10.0% 9.7%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2018
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

420 438 419 464

Gross job losses

354 375 409 374

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Helpers--production workers

205,900

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

351,530

Machinists

316,870

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

 

Team assemblers

 

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in manufacturing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$27.69 $27.77 (p)$27.84 (p)$27.86

Average weekly hours

40.7 40.4 (p)40.5 (p)40.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$22.13 $22.19 (p)$22.21 (p)$22.24

Average weekly hours

41.7 41.5 (p)41.5 (p)41.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$839 $857 $884 $917

Members of unions

$876 $885 $943 $992

Represented by unions

$868 $884 $927 $992

Nonunion

$833 $852 $878 $908

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Helpers--production workers

$13.86 $14.57 $28,830 $30,300

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

$18.65 $20.29 $38,790 $42,210

Machinists

$20.94 $21.62 $43,540 $44,970

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

       

Team assemblers

       

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019

12-month percent change

Total compensation

1.9% 2.1% 2.2% 2.3%

Wages and salaries

2.6% 2.8% 2.9% 3.0%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
2nd quarter 2019
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

39.72 100.0

Wages and salaries

26.00 65.5

Total benefits

13.72 34.5

Insurance

3.96 10.0

Retirement

1.77 4.5

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

351 353 319 303

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2017

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.0

Cases involving days away from work

0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

Producer price index

(p)197.2 (p)198.1 (p)196.8 (p)196.4

Percent change from previous month

  (p)-1.0% (p)0.5% (p)-0.7% (p)-0.2%

Import index

111.0 111.1 111.0 111.0

Percent change from previous month

  -0.4% 0.1% -0.1% 0.0%

Export index

116.6 117.0 (r)116.7 116.4

Percent change from previous month

  -0.6% 0.3% (r)-0.3% (r)-0.3%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity and costs, presented as indexes and changes in output per hour and unit labor costs.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

350,612 352,057 353,669 (p)354,640

Local government

41 42 42 (p)41

State government

23 23 23 (p)23

Federal government

44 46 47 (p)46

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

98 95 99  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

92 96 91  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019

Output per hour index (seasonally adjusted)

101.523 101.739 (r)102.037 (r)101.460

Percent change from previous quarter

0.4 0.9 (r)1.2 (r)-2.2

Hours index (seasonally adjusted)

106.981 107.173 106.383 (r)106.166

Percent change from previous quarter

3.6 0.7 -2.9 (r)-0.8

Output index (seasonally adjusted)

108.610 109.037 (r)108.550 (r)107.716

Percent change from previous quarter

4.0 1.6 -1.8 (r)-3.0

Unit labor costs (seasonally adjusted)

110.681 111.370 (r)113.246 (r)115.093

Percent change from previous quarter

2.0 2.5 (r)6.9 (r)6.7

Footnotes
(r) Revised

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: October 11, 2019