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Education and Health Services

About the Education and Health Services supersector

The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The education and health services supersector consists of these sectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in education and health services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

24,073 24,124 (p)24,184 (p)24,258

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

20,958 20,999 (p)21,035 (p)21,094

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.0% 2.5% 2.2% 2.5%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

2,207 2,195 (p)2,213  

Hires

771 721 (p)835  

Separations

658 676 (p)755  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2018 2019 2020 2021

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

8.1% 8.0% 8.4% 7.9%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

9.3% 9.2% 9.7% 9.2%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2020
1st quarter
2021
2nd quarter
2021
3rd quarter
2021

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

1,172 1,049 1,020 1,058

Gross job losses

892 912 1,002 1,078

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates in education and health services, see the Employment and projected employment by major industry sector table.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Average hourly earnings

$31.27 $31.27 (p)$31.35 (p)$31.44

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.5 (p)33.5 (p)33.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Average hourly earnings

$28.38 $28.38 (p)$28.54 (p)$28.62

Average weekly hours

32.6 32.7 (p)32.5 (p)32.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employee Benefits

This section presents data on the incidence (the percentage of workers with access to and participation in employer-provided benefit plans) and provisions of selected employee benefits from the National Compensation Survey. More Benefits estimates are also accessible from the Benefits database, the archived NCS publications page, and the complete Employee Benefits Excel dataset (XLSX).

Data series Access Participation
Back
data
2021 Back
data
2021

Private industry

Retirement benefit plans

73 54

Defined benefit plans

15 12

Defined contribution plans

69 49

State and local government

Retirement benefit plans

93 82

Defined benefit plans

87 74

Defined contribution plans

40 17

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series After 1 year of service After 20 years of service
Back
data
2021 Back
data
2021

Mean number of vacation days for workers without consolidated leave plans

Private industry

10 17

State and local government

13 21

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Data series Private industry State and local government
Back
data
2021 Back
data
2021

Percent of workers with access to employer-sponsored benefits

Health care

76 90

Paid vacation

82 45

Paid sick leave

85 93

(Source: Employee Benefits in the United States)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2021
3rd quarter
2021
4th quarter
2021
1st quarter
2022

Private industry

12-month percent change

Total compensation

3.0% 3.4% 4.2% 5.0%

Wages and salaries

3.3% 3.8% 4.6% 5.4%

3-month percent change

Total compensation

0.6% 1.4% 1.3% 1.5%

Wages and salaries

0.8% 1.6% 1.4% 1.4%

State and local government

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.0% 2.5% 2.5% 3.0%

Wages and salaries

1.6% 2.3% 2.4% 2.7%

3-month percent change

Total compensation

0.2% 1.5% 0.5% 0.7%

Wages and salaries

0.3% 1.5% 0.4% 0.4%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Data series Private industry State and local government
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation
Back
data
1st quarter 2022 Back
data
1st quarter 2022 Back
data
1st quarter 2022 Back
data
1st quarter 2022

Total compensation

40.87 100.0 57.75 100.0

Wages and salaries

28.82 70.5 36.93 63.9

Total benefits

12.04 29.5 20.82 36.1

Insurance

3.30 8.1 6.55 11.3

Retirement

1.35 3.3 7.26 12.6

Paid leave

3.55 8.7 3.72 6.4

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2018 2019 2020 2021

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$860 $896 $968 $982

Members of unions

$984 $1,059 $1,129 $1,140

Represented by unions

$978 $1,051 $1,130 $1,134

Nonunion

$845 $879 $949 $966

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in education and health services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2017 2018 2019 2020

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

236 218 237 186

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2020

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

3.3

Cases involving days away from work

2.7

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.6

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in education and health services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2021
2nd quarter
2021
3rd quarter
2021
4th quarter
2021

Number of establishments

Private industry

(p)1,905,008 (p)1,921,737 (p)1,947,021 (p)1,975,289

Local government

(p)73,042 (p)73,095 (p)73,265 (p)73,249

State government

(p)14,664 (p)14,647 (p)14,706 (p)14,677

Federal government

(p)1,398 (p)1,398 (p)1,399 (p)1,402

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

340 333 337  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

297 319 317  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: June 30, 2022