Producer Price Index News Release summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 19-1432 
8:30 a.m. (EDT), Friday, August 9, 2019

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                                  PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - JULY 2019


The Producer Price Index for final demand advanced 0.2 percent in July, seasonally adjusted, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices moved up 0.1 percent in 
both June and May. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index rose 1.7 
percent for the 12 months ended in July.

In July, the rise in final demand prices was led by a 0.4-percent increase in the index for final 
demand goods. Prices for final demand construction rose 0.6 percent. In contrast, the index for 
final demand services declined 0.1 percent.

The index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services fell 0.1 percent in July, the first 
decrease since declining 0.1 percent in October 2015. For the 12 months ended in July, prices for 
final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 1.7 percent.

Final Demand

Final demand goods: The index for final demand goods rose 0.4 percent in July, the largest increase 
since a 1.0-percent jump in March. Over 80 percent of the broad-based advance is attributable to 
prices for final demand energy, which rose 2.3 percent. The index for final demand goods less foods 
and energy inched up 0.1 percent, and prices for final demand foods increased 0.2 percent.

Product detail: Over half of the July rise in the index for final demand goods can be traced to prices 
for gasoline, which advanced 5.2 percent. The indexes for diesel fuel, electric power, corn, beef and 
veal, and tobacco products also advanced. Conversely, prices for jet fuel fell 3.5 percent. The indexes 
for pork and carbon steel scrap also decreased. (See table 4.)

Final demand services: The index for final demand services declined 0.1 percent in July after rising 
for five consecutive months. The decrease is attributable to prices for final demand services less 
trade, transportation, and warehousing, which moved down 0.3 percent. In contrast, the indexes for 
final demand trade services and for final demand transportation and warehousing services both 
advanced 0.2 percent.

Product detail: A major factor in the decline in prices for final demand services was the index for 
guestroom rental, which moved down 4.3 percent. The indexes for fuels and lubricants retailing, loan 
services (partial), machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling, and truck transportation 
of freight also decreased. Conversely, margins for machinery and vehicle wholesaling advanced 3.0 
percent. The indexes for hospital outpatient care; health, beauty, and optical goods retailing; and 
transportation of passengers (partial) also rose. 

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2018

July

0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.5 0.2 3.4 3.0

Aug.

0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.2 3.0 3.0

Sept.

0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.7 0.1 0.2 -0.3 1.3 0.3 2.7 3.1

Oct.

0.8 0.3 0.8 0.9 2.7 0.3 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 3.1 3.0

Nov.

-0.1 0.2 -0.5 1.0 -4.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 2.6 2.9

Dec.

-0.1 0.0 -0.6 2.1 -5.8 0.0 0.2 0.7 -0.2 0.0 2.6 2.8

2019

Jan.

-0.3 0.2 -0.6 -1.3 -3.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 1.9 2.6

Feb.

0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2 1.6 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.3 1.9 2.4

Mar.(1)

0.4 0.1 1.0 0.3 5.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.1 2.0 2.2

Apr.(1)

0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.1 2.2 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.2 2.2 2.2

May

0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -1.0 0.0 0.3 -0.5 0.7 0.5 1.8 2.3

June

0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.6 -3.1 0.0 0.4 1.3 0.3 0.0 1.7 2.1

July

0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.2 2.3 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.3 1.7 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in July, prices for processed goods increased 0.2 percent, the index for 
unprocessed goods climbed 1.6 percent, and prices for services fell 0.2 percent. (See tables B and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand moved up 0.2 percent in July, the first increase since rising 0.6 percent in March. The July 
advance is attributable to prices for processed energy goods, which climbed 2.2 percent. In contrast, 
the index for processed materials less foods and energy declined 0.2 percent, and prices for processed 
foods and feeds edged down 0.1 percent. For the 12 months ended in July, the index for processed 
goods for intermediate demand fell 2.0 percent, the third consecutive 12-month decrease.

Product detail: Leading the July advance in prices for processed goods for intermediate demand, the 
diesel fuel index jumped 7.9 percent. Prices for gasoline; commercial electric power; lubricating oil 
base stocks; natural, processed, and imitation cheese; and advertising printing also moved higher. 
Conversely, the index for steel mill products declined 2.6 percent. Prices for utility natural gas and 
for soybean cake and meal also fell. (See table 5.)

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand rose 1.6 percent in July after declining 3.3 percent in June. Three-quarters of the advance can 
be traced to prices for unprocessed energy materials, which increased 2.8 percent. The index for 
unprocessed nonfood materials less energy also moved higher, rising 1.9 percent. In contrast, prices 
for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs decreased 0.2 percent. For the 12 months ended in July, the 
index for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand fell 10.4 percent, the seventh straight 12-
month decline.

Product detail: Leading the July increase in prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand, 
the crude petroleum index moved up 10.9 percent. Prices for corn, slaughter poultry, gold ores, coal, 
and unprocessed finfish also moved higher. Conversely, the index for slaughter hogs dropped 16.1 
percent. Prices for natural gas and carbon steel scrap also fell.

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2018

July

0.1 -1.0 -0.4 0.3 6.7 0.9 -2.5 5.2 -1.9 6.7

Aug.

0.2 -0.6 0.0 0.3 6.4 -3.7 -3.5 -4.4 -2.6 3.7

Sept.

0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 6.0 0.9 0.8 2.0 -1.0 4.3

Oct.

0.7 0.5 3.0 0.1 6.1 3.3 4.3 3.7 0.8 7.6

Nov.

-0.6 0.2 -2.3 -0.3 4.5 -3.3 -0.3 -7.2 0.8 1.3

Dec.

-1.2 0.5 -4.5 -0.5 2.8 3.7 1.8 6.9 1.4 3.7

2019

Jan.

-0.9 0.5 -4.9 0.0 1.2 -4.6 0.3 -10.3 -1.8 -3.1

Feb.

0.1 0.0 1.1 -0.2 0.6 -2.5 -0.8 -5.6 -0.1 -6.7

Mar.(1)

0.6 -0.2 3.9 -0.1 1.2 -0.4 -2.6 0.6 1.4 -3.8

Apr.(1)

0.0 0.5 1.1 -0.3 0.7 3.1 2.5 6.2 -1.9 -2.0

May

-0.2 -0.5 -1.4 0.1 -0.6 -5.1 -1.9 -8.2 -4.5 -8.9

June

-1.1 -0.3 -4.9 -0.1 -2.1 -3.3 -0.1 -7.5 -0.5 -11.0

July

0.2 -0.1 2.2 -0.2 -2.0 1.6 -0.2 2.8 1.9 -10.4

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand declined 0.2 
percent in July following a 0.2-percent rise in June. Most of the decrease can be attributed to margins 
for trade services for intermediate demand, which fell 0.8 percent. Prices for services less trade, 
transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand edged down 0.1 percent. In contrast, the 
index for transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand advanced 0.3 percent. For 
the 12 months ended in July, the index for services for intermediate demand climbed 2.0 percent.

Product detail: A major factor in the July decline in the index for services for intermediate demand 
was margins for machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling, which decreased 2.2 
percent. The indexes for business loans (partial); paper and plastics products wholesaling; securities 
brokerage, dealing, and investment advice; fuels and lubricants retailing; and truck transportation of 
freight also moved down. Conversely, prices for courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services 
advanced 0.8 percent. The indexes for staffing services and for chemicals and allied products 
wholesaling also increased.

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2018

July

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.4

Aug.

0.0 -0.7 0.1 0.2 3.0

Sept.

0.3 -0.4 0.6 0.3 3.3

Oct.

0.6 1.9 0.5 0.3 3.3

Nov.

0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 3.1

Dec.

0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2 3.1

2019

Jan.

0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 2.8

Feb.

0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.1 2.6

Mar.(1)

0.5 1.1 0.0 0.3 2.7

Apr.(1)

0.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 2.8

May

0.0 -0.6 0.4 0.0 2.5

June

0.2 1.1 0.1 0.1 2.6

July

-0.2 -0.8 0.3 -0.1 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: The index for stage 4 intermediate demand edged up 0.1 percent in 
July following a 0.1-percent decline in the previous month. In July, prices for total goods inputs to 
stage 4 intermediate demand advanced 0.4 percent. In contrast, the index for total services inputs 
decreased 0.2 percent. (See table D.) Higher prices for diesel fuel, commercial electric power, 
gasoline, portfolio management, and corn outweighed declines in the indexes for machinery and 
equipment parts and supplies wholesaling, paper and plastics products wholesaling, business loans 
(partial), and steel mill products. (See table 6.) For the 12 months ended in July, prices for stage 4 
intermediate demand moved up 1.3 percent.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand declined 0.2 percent in 
July, the third consecutive decrease. In July, prices for total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate 
demand moved down 0.2 percent, and the index for total goods inputs was unchanged. Declines in 
the indexes for machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling, slaughter hogs, primary 
basic organic chemicals, jet fuel, steel mill products, and paper and plastics products wholesaling 
outweighed increases in prices for gasoline; diesel fuel; and courier, messenger, and U.S. postal 
services. For the 12 months ended in July, the index for stage 3 intermediate demand fell 0.7 percent, 
the largest 12-month decrease since moving down 1.8 percent in October 2016.

Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand advanced 0.5 percent in 
July following a 1.3-percent decrease in June. In July, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 
intermediate demand climbed 0.8 percent, and the index for total services inputs moved up 0.3 
percent. Higher prices for crude petroleum, cable network advertising time sales, corn, staffing 
services, portfolio management, and pipeline transportation of petroleum products outweighed 
declines in the indexes for natural gas, steel mill products, and network compensation for broadcast 
and cable television. For the 12 months ended in July, prices for stage 2 intermediate demand moved 
down 3.6 percent, the largest 12-month drop since decreasing 4.0 percent in March 2016.

Stage 1 intermediate demand: The index for stage 1 intermediate demand advanced 0.3 percent in 
July following a 1.0-percent decline in June. In July, prices for total goods inputs to stage 1 
intermediate demand increased 0.8 percent. Conversely, the index for total services inputs fell 0.4 
percent. Increases in the indexes for diesel fuel, corn, crude petroleum, ethanol, gasoline, and 
chemicals and allied products wholesaling outweighed decreases in prices for business loans 
(partial), primary basic organic chemicals, and carbon steel scrap. For the 12 months ended in July, 
the index for stage 1 intermediate demand fell 2.7 percent.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2018

July

0.3 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.4 0.8 1.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.6

Aug.

0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.0 -0.5 -1.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Sept.

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Oct.

0.6 0.5 0.7 1.4 2.3 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.1 1.1 1.4 0.7

Nov.

-0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.8 -1.6 0.2 -1.5 -3.4 0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Dec.

0.0 -0.4 0.3 -1.2 -2.6 0.3 0.8 1.9 -0.1 -1.0 -2.0 0.2

2019

Jan.

-0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.3 -1.9 -4.4 0.1 -1.3 -2.5 0.3

Feb.

0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.8 -2.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Mar.(1)

0.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.4 0.9 1.3 0.3

Apr.(1)

0.3 0.2 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.8 1.7 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.3

May

-0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -1.1 -3.4 0.5 -1.0 -1.9 0.0

June

-0.1 -0.5 0.4 -0.6 -1.8 0.4 -1.3 -2.7 -0.3 -1.0 -2.2 0.4

July

0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.8 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for March 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

________________
The Producer Price Index for August 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, 
September 11, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

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Last Modified Date: August 09, 2019