Producer Price Index News Release summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 19-0946 
8:30 a.m. (EDT), Tuesday, June 11, 2019

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov                                 


                                PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - MAY 2019


The Producer Price Index for final demand rose 0.1 percent in May, seasonally adjusted, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices advanced 0.2 percent in April and 
0.6 percent in March. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index increased 
1.8 percent for the 12 months ended in May.

In May, the rise in final demand prices is attributable to a 0.3-percent increase in the index for 
final demand services. In contrast, prices for final demand goods declined 0.2 percent.

The index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 0.4 percent in May, 
the same as in April. For the 12 months ended in May, prices for final demand less foods, 
energy, and trade services advanced 2.3 percent.

Final Demand

Final demand services: Prices for final demand services moved up 0.3 percent in May, the fourth 
consecutive increase. Most of the May advance can be traced to the index for final demand services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing, which rose 0.5 percent. Prices for final demand 
transportation and warehousing services climbed 0.7 percent. Conversely, margins for final demand 
trade services fell 0.5 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers 
and retailers.)

Product detail: Nearly 80 percent of the May advance in the index for final demand services is 
attributable to prices for guestroom rental, which jumped 10.1 percent. The indexes for fuels and 
lubricants retailing, outpatient care (partial), inpatient care, portfolio management, and transportation 
of passengers (partial) also moved higher. In contrast, margins for apparel, footwear, and accessories 
retailing declined 5.2 percent. The indexes for machinery, equipment, parts, and supplies wholesaling 
and for loan services (partial) also decreased. (See table 4.)

Final demand goods: The index for final demand goods moved down 0.2 percent in May following 
three consecutive increases. About three-quarters of the decrease can be traced to prices for final 
demand energy, which fell 1.0 percent. The index for final demand foods declined 0.3 percent, while 
prices for final demand goods less foods and energy were unchanged. 

Product detail: Nearly 40 percent of the May decrease in the index for final demand goods is 
attributable to prices for gasoline, which fell 1.7 percent. The indexes for diesel fuel, iron and steel 
scrap, chicken eggs, beef and veal, and fresh fruits and melons also moved lower. Conversely, prices 
for prepared poultry products increased 7.0 percent. The indexes for light motor trucks and jet fuel 
also advanced. 

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2018

May

0.4 0.3 0.8 0.3 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2 3.1 2.7

June

0.3 0.2 0.1 -1.2 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3 3.3 2.7

July

0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.5 0.2 3.4 3.0

Aug.

0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.2 3.0 3.0

Sept.

0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.7 0.1 0.2 -0.3 1.3 0.3 2.7 3.1

Oct.

0.8 0.3 0.8 0.9 2.7 0.3 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 3.1 3.0

Nov.

-0.1 0.2 -0.5 1.0 -4.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 2.6 2.9

Dec.

-0.1 0.0 -0.6 2.1 -5.8 0.0 0.2 0.7 -0.2 0.0 2.6 2.8

2019

Jan.(1)

-0.3 0.2 -0.6 -1.3 -3.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 1.9 2.6

Feb.(1)

0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.2 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 -0.7 0.3 1.9 2.3

Mar.

0.6 0.0 1.0 0.3 5.6 0.2 0.3 1.1 -0.8 0.0 2.2 2.0

Apr.

0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.2 1.8 0.0 0.1 -0.5 1.0 0.3 2.2 2.2

May

0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -1.0 0.0 0.3 -0.5 0.7 0.5 1.8 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for January 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in May, prices for processed goods declined 0.2 percent, the index for 
unprocessed goods fell 5.1 percent, and prices for services were unchanged. (See tables B and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand moved down 0.2 percent in May, the largest decrease since falling 0.9 percent in January. 
Leading the May decline, prices for processed energy goods dropped 1.4 percent. The index for 
processed foods and feeds fell 0.5 percent. In contrast, prices for processed goods less foods and 
energy inched up 0.1 percent. For the 12 months ended in May, the index for processed goods for 
intermediate demand decreased 0.6 percent, the first decline since falling 0.6 percent for the 12 
months ended October 2016.

Product detail: Leading the May decline in the index for processed goods for intermediate demand, 
diesel fuel prices dropped 5.7 percent. The indexes for gasoline, prepared animal feeds, natural gas to 
electric utilities, asphalt, and lumber also moved lower. Conversely, prices for primary basic organic 
chemicals increased 5.8 percent. The indexes for commercial electric power and prepared poultry 
products also advanced. (See table 5.)

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand fell 5.1 percent in May, the largest decrease since dropping 9.6 percent in January 2015. 
Two-thirds of the broad-based May decline can be traced to prices for unprocessed energy materials, 
which moved down 8.2 percent. The indexes for unprocessed nonfood materials less energy and for 
unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs fell 4.5 percent and 1.9 percent, respectively. For the 12 
months ended in May, prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand decreased 8.9 percent, 
the largest decline since dropping 10.8 percent for the 12 months ended June 2016.

Product detail: Over one-third of the decrease in the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand can be attributed to natural gas prices, which dropped 15.2 percent. The indexes for crude 
petroleum, slaughter steers and heifers, iron and steel scrap, oilseeds, and nonferrous scrap also 
moved lower. In contrast, raw milk prices climbed 5.0 percent. The indexes for slaughter cows and 
bulls and for industrial sand also advanced. 

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2018

May

1.1 -0.1 3.1 0.8 6.2 2.3 0.7 5.1 -0.3 7.4

June

0.4 -1.3 1.2 0.5 6.6 -1.0 -1.0 -1.8 0.6 6.5

July

0.1 -1.0 -0.4 0.3 6.7 0.9 -2.5 5.2 -1.9 6.7

Aug.

0.2 -0.6 0.0 0.3 6.4 -3.7 -3.5 -4.4 -2.6 3.7

Sept.

0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 6.0 0.9 0.8 2.0 -1.0 4.3

Oct.

0.7 0.5 3.0 0.1 6.1 3.3 4.3 3.7 0.8 7.6

Nov.

-0.6 0.2 -2.3 -0.3 4.5 -3.3 -0.3 -7.2 0.8 1.3

Dec.

-1.2 0.5 -4.5 -0.5 2.8 3.7 1.8 6.9 1.4 3.7

2019

Jan.(1)

-0.9 0.5 -4.9 0.0 1.2 -4.6 0.3 -10.3 -1.8 -3.1

Feb.(1)

0.0 0.0 1.2 -0.3 0.6 -4.7 -2.3 -9.4 -0.6 -8.8

Mar.

0.8 -0.3 4.3 0.0 1.3 2.3 -2.3 7.3 1.2 -3.5

Apr.

-0.1 0.6 0.6 -0.4 0.7 2.7 3.7 3.7 -1.2 -2.0

May

-0.2 -0.5 -1.4 0.1 -0.6 -5.1 -1.9 -8.2 -4.5 -8.9

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for January 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand was unchanged 
in May after rising 0.3 percent in April. In May, a 0.4-percent increase in prices for transportation 
and warehousing services for intermediate demand offset a 0.6-percent decline in the index for trade 
services for intermediate demand. Prices for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for 
intermediate demand were unchanged. For the 12 months ended in May, the index for services for 
intermediate demand moved up 2.5 percent.

Product detail: In May, prices for transportation of passengers (partial) moved up 1.7 percent. The 
indexes for portfolio management; staffing services; guestroom rental; and building materials, paint, 
and hardware wholesaling also rose. Conversely, margins for machinery and equipment parts and 
supplies wholesaling declined 1.2 percent. The indexes for gross rents of retail properties; loan 
services (partial); deposit services (partial); and hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing 
also moved lower.

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2018

May

0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 3.1

June

0.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 3.0

July

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.4

Aug.

0.0 -0.7 0.1 0.2 3.0

Sept.

0.3 -0.4 0.6 0.3 3.3

Oct.

0.6 1.9 0.5 0.3 3.3

Nov.

0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 3.1

Dec.

0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2 3.1

2019

Jan.(1)

0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 2.8

Feb.(1)

0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0 2.6

Mar.

0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.3 2.6

Apr.

0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 2.8

May

0.0 -0.6 0.4 0.0 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for January 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: The index for stage 4 intermediate demand fell 0.2 percent in May 
following three consecutive increases. In May, the index for total goods inputs to stage 4 
intermediate demand declined 0.2 percent, and prices for total services inputs edged down 0.1 
percent. (See table D.) Decreases in the indexes for diesel fuel; gross rents of retail properties; 
machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling; loan services (partial); hardware, building 
materials, and supplies retailing; and marketing consulting services outweighed higher prices for 
portfolio management, staffing services, and primary basic organic chemicals. (See table 6.) For the 
12 months ended in May, the index for stage 4 intermediate demand increased 1.8 percent.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand moved down 0.3 percent 
in May after advancing 0.9 percent in April. In May, prices for total goods inputs to stage 3 
intermediate demand fell 0.5 percent, and the index for total services inputs decreased 0.2 percent. 
Declining prices for slaughter steers and heifers, diesel fuel, gasoline, slaughter barrows and gilts, 
gross rents of retail properties, and asphalt outweighed increases in the indexes for raw milk; primary 
basic organic chemicals; and building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling. For the 12 months 
ended in May, prices for stage 3 intermediate demand moved up 0.6 percent.

Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand fell 1.1 percent in May 
after increasing 0.5 percent in April. In May, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate 
demand dropped 3.4 percent. In contrast, the index for total services inputs advanced 0.5 percent. 
Lower prices for gas fuels, crude petroleum, oilseeds, prepared animal feeds, coal, and marketing 
consulting services outweighed increasing prices for guestroom rental, portfolio management, and 
thermoplastic resins and materials. For the 12 months ended in May, the index for stage 2 
intermediate demand moved down 2.1 percent, the largest decline since falling 2.9 percent in the 12 
months ended May 2016.

Stage 1 intermediate demand: The index for stage 1 intermediate demand decreased 1.0 percent in 
May, the largest decline since falling 1.3 percent in January. In May, prices for total goods inputs to 
stage 1 intermediate demand dropped 1.9 percent. The index for total services inputs was unchanged. 
Lower prices for diesel fuel, iron and steel scrap, nonferrous scrap, wastepaper, gas fuels, and gross 
rents of retail properties outweighed increases in the indexes for primary basic organic chemicals, 
guestroom rental, and support activities for oil and gas operations. For the 12 months ended in May, 
prices for stage 1 intermediate demand declined 1.3 percent, the largest decrease since falling 2.5 
percent in the 12 months ended August 2016.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2018

May

0.4 0.7 0.2 1.0 1.8 0.3 1.3 2.8 0.2 0.9 1.1 0.6

June

0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.3

July

0.3 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.4 0.8 1.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.6

Aug.

0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.0 -0.5 -1.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Sept.

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Oct.

0.6 0.5 0.7 1.4 2.3 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.1 1.1 1.4 0.7

Nov.

-0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.8 -1.6 0.2 -1.5 -3.4 0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Dec.

0.0 -0.4 0.3 -1.2 -2.6 0.3 0.8 1.9 -0.1 -1.0 -2.0 0.2

2019

Jan.(1)

-0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.3 -1.9 -4.4 0.1 -1.3 -2.5 0.3

Feb.(1)

0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -1.5 -3.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.4

Mar.

0.5 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.3 0.3 1.1 2.2 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.2

Apr.

0.3 0.1 0.5 0.9 1.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.0 -0.4 0.6

May

-0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -1.1 -3.4 0.5 -1.0 -1.9 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for January 2019 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

________________
The Producer Price Index for June 2019 is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 12, 
2019 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: June 11, 2019