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Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow

Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2020(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to May 2021
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Jan.
2021(3)
Apr.
2021(3)
May
2021(3)
May
2020
Apr.
2021
Feb. to
Mar.
Mar. to
Apr.
Apr. to
May

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  100.000 124.0 127.9 130.1 11.1 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.5

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  31.937 120.5 125.3 127.5 11.4 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.7

Goods

  22.264 115.2 120.9 123.7 11.1 2.3 1.5 2.3 2.1

Foods

  2.970 122.5 130.6 140.0 21.1 7.2 0.5 3.8 6.0

Energy

  0.161 113.8 125.6 129.4 25.9 3.0 4.2 0.6 1.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  19.133 114.2 119.5 121.2 9.2 1.4 1.6 2.1 1.5

Services

  9.673 137.4 139.7 140.7 12.8 0.7 -0.2 0.7 0.7

Trade services

  7.630 144.2 146.5 147.7 14.8 0.8 -0.3 0.7 0.8

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.477 115.4 119.9 120.9 4.9 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.1

Transportation of passengers

  0.061 94.9 107.7 104.2 -2.3 -3.2 1.1 7.3 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.416 127.0 130.2 132.2 10.3 1.5 1.2 0.5 1.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.566 115.8 117.2 117.6 4.4 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  54.335 124.8 127.4 128.8 7.9 1.1 1.0 0.4 0.9

Goods

  13.790 118.6 123.4 126.8 8.7 2.8 2.5 0.2 1.9

Foods

  2.286 122.6 134.9 139.5 6.3 3.4 1.6 5.0 2.2

Energy

  3.602 106.1 110.2 115.2 19.9 4.5 6.9 -4.1 2.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.902 123.7 126.6 128.8 6.9 1.7 0.7 1.0 1.7

Services

  40.456 126.9 128.7 129.4 7.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6

Trade services

  4.563 129.4 131.6 132.8 6.0 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.9

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.239 123.2 128.0 128.5 5.6 0.4 0.6 1.7 0.7

Transportation of passengers

  0.389 94.8 107.4 104.0 -2.3 -3.2 1.1 7.2 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.850 128.8 132.2 133.3 6.9 0.8 0.5 0.9 1.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  32.654 126.4 127.8 128.5 8.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6

Construction

  0.089 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  13.727 127.6 134.9 139.8 21.5 3.6 2.3 1.5 3.3

Goods

  9.555 126.2 135.2 140.8 24.5 4.1 2.9 1.7 3.7

Energy

  0.596 96.6 122.3 131.2 167.2 7.3 9.1 -2.2 2.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.959 132.0 139.7 145.0 16.2 3.8 2.3 2.0 3.9

Services

  4.172 130.6 133.4 136.7 14.8 2.5 1.0 1.4 2.3

Trade services

  1.945 140.6 145.4 151.3 24.0 4.1 1.5 2.5 3.8

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.596 126.0 130.4 134.2 12.6 2.9 1.6 0.7 3.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.012 99.0 112.3 108.6 -0.5 -3.3 1.2 7.2 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.584 127.3 131.5 135.5 13.3 3.0 1.6 0.5 3.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.631 119.4 119.7 120.0 3.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  100.000 119.4 127.8 131.1 19.9 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.1

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  46.783 123.6 137.1 142.7 26.4 4.1 3.7 5.1 3.2

Goods

  36.932 118.7 134.4 140.3 29.7 4.4 4.5 6.2 3.3

Foods

  11.807 126.3 140.1 152.7 32.7 9.0 1.2 10.0 6.1

Energy

  1.229 96.9 119.4 120.7 51.8 1.1 6.7 3.3 -1.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  23.896 119.6 136.1 139.3 27.0 2.4 5.9 4.5 2.3

Services

  9.851 135.3 138.1 141.8 14.1 2.7 1.0 0.9 2.7

Trade services

  5.778 138.5 140.8 145.5 16.5 3.3 1.1 0.9 3.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.630 125.6 130.3 133.3 7.3 2.3 1.5 0.9 2.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.117 101.0 114.7 110.9 0.1 -3.3 1.2 7.2 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.513 126.8 130.9 134.4 7.7 2.7 1.6 0.6 2.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.443 116.1 117.4 117.8 4.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.4

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  51.802 116.0 120.1 121.5 13.0 1.2 1.9 0.4 0.9

Goods

  9.293 89.1 98.3 104.6 50.1 6.4 8.0 -2.4 4.3

Foods

  0.097 136.4 138.9 139.9 11.3 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4

Energy

  4.955 79.6 92.2 101.5 91.1 10.1 12.6 -5.0 6.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  4.241 111.4 115.9 117.6 7.1 1.5 2.0 1.2 1.5

Services

  41.514 124.2 126.6 126.5 6.2 -0.1 0.4 1.2 0.1

Trade services

  2.761 149.8 152.5 154.3 8.6 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1

Transportation and warehousing services

  9.008 138.3 144.2 146.2 7.7 1.4 0.4 2.6 1.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.025 100.3 100.7 100.8 -7.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  8.983 138.7 144.7 146.6 7.8 1.3 0.4 2.6 1.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  29.745 119.4 120.9 120.2 5.5 -0.6 0.3 0.8 -0.4

Construction

  0.995 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  1.416 120.3 129.2 135.5 60.5 4.9 2.4 4.0 4.6

Goods

  0.560 108.6 117.0 122.6 71.5 4.8 3.4 2.7 4.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

  0.560 138.3 149.1 156.2 22.7 4.8 3.4 2.6 4.7

Services

  0.856 147.4 157.9 165.8 29.4 5.0 1.8 4.7 4.6

Trade services

  0.810 152.0 163.3 171.8 31.6 5.2 1.8 5.0 4.8

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.016 95.0 97.7 97.9 -8.2 0.2 1.6 0.7 0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

12/20

0.016 100.3 103.1 103.3 - 0.2 1.6 0.8 0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.030 106.5 108.0 108.3 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.3

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  100.000 110.3 115.1 118.6 21.5 3.0 4.5 -2.1 3.1

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  50.197 98.5 104.9 110.2 41.1 5.1 8.4 -4.9 5.3

Goods

  36.665 94.2 101.9 108.6 53.0 6.6 11.1 -6.6 6.7

Foods

  3.401 143.0 150.2 163.9 50.6 9.1 1.7 -0.7 10.4

Energy

  14.616 62.7 68.6 75.2 113.0 9.6 21.5 -17.1 9.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

  18.648 121.0 130.4 135.2 26.5 3.7 4.0 2.6 3.7

Services

  13.012 124.1 126.1 126.9 3.8 0.6 0.3 1.0 0.8

Trade services

  5.888 137.7 138.9 140.6 4.4 1.2 0.0 0.7 1.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.711 141.9 146.0 146.4 4.3 0.3 0.9 1.5 0.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.157 97.3 109.4 106.1 -1.9 -3.0 1.1 6.7 -1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  3.554 144.7 148.2 148.8 4.9 0.4 0.9 1.3 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.413 112.3 114.0 113.9 3.7 -0.1 0.4 1.1 0.2

Construction

  0.520 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  49.801 121.6 124.3 125.1 7.2 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.7

Goods

  5.802 114.8 121.5 125.6 16.4 3.4 2.1 1.5 3.2

Foods

  0.033 106.5 114.5 117.3 42.5 2.4 0.9 3.0 2.9

Energy

  0.306 98.6 113.5 132.2 88.3 16.5 9.5 -3.8 13.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.463 116.2 122.3 125.5 12.2 2.6 1.8 1.8 2.7

Services

  42.261 122.3 124.6 124.9 6.3 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.4

Trade services

  2.599 142.4 146.1 142.6 12.1 -2.4 -0.6 3.5 -2.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.809 123.2 136.8 141.0 14.2 3.1 0.2 6.2 3.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.356 95.5 108.2 104.8 -2.1 -3.1 1.2 7.2 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.453 128.8 142.7 148.4 16.9 4.0 0.0 6.1 4.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  36.853 122.4 123.7 124.0 6.0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.3

Construction

  1.738 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  100.000 118.7 124.8 128.4 21.6 2.9 2.5 1.1 2.6

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  32.075 117.0 127.2 133.1 33.2 4.6 3.9 2.7 4.4

Goods

  22.378 112.9 126.3 133.3 43.2 5.5 5.4 3.4 5.2

Foods

  2.960 132.5 145.0 165.0 53.8 13.8 0.7 3.8 12.7

Energy

  3.186 90.9 98.6 108.5 59.1 10.0 7.3 -2.8 8.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  16.232 117.7 132.9 137.2 37.9 3.2 5.9 4.5 3.3

Services

  9.696 131.1 132.8 135.8 9.3 2.3 0.2 0.8 2.3

Trade services

  6.079 140.5 142.0 146.5 12.1 3.2 0.3 0.8 3.1

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.505 119.3 125.3 122.8 2.9 -2.0 2.1 2.3 -1.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.082 94.8 107.7 104.1 -2.3 -3.3 1.1 7.3 -1.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.423 124.1 128.3 126.2 3.9 -1.6 2.3 1.3 -1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.112 100.2 101.3 102.4 1.6 1.1 0.0 0.8 1.3

Construction

  0.001 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  55.036 119.5 122.8 124.8 13.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 1.3

Goods

  17.049 110.9 116.8 121.0 32.0 3.6 3.9 -1.0 2.5

Foods

  0.055 96.1 99.2 98.7 2.9 -0.5 1.3 2.3 -0.5

Energy

  5.079 106.5 118.5 128.7 79.7 8.6 10.4 -4.9 4.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

  11.915 119.3 122.5 124.0 6.3 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.3

Services

  37.982 123.6 125.6 126.5 6.2 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7

Trade services

  3.936 134.5 138.4 139.7 9.2 0.9 0.7 1.6 1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.705 113.7 120.0 119.7 -0.3 -0.3 1.1 2.4 0.5

Transportation of passengers

  1.061 94.8 107.6 104.1 -2.3 -3.3 1.2 7.2 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.644 136.5 139.7 141.2 5.8 1.1 1.2 0.4 1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  30.341 122.7 123.9 124.8 6.2 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.7

Construction

  0.005 119.9 120.1 121.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  12.890 129.5 137.1 142.4 21.0 3.9 2.5 2.0 3.6

Goods

  8.268 124.1 131.0 135.5 18.3 3.4 2.9 1.0 3.1

Energy

  0.641 86.4 102.7 116.4 114.0 13.3 14.2 -5.4 8.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.627 130.9 136.8 140.2 12.5 2.5 1.9 1.6 2.6

Services

  4.622 140.2 149.1 156.0 25.6 4.6 1.8 3.9 4.3

Trade services

  3.948 147.4 157.6 165.1 30.4 4.8 1.8 4.5 4.5

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.610 103.4 107.1 110.9 3.7 3.5 1.8 0.6 3.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.610 106.9 110.8 114.7 6.1 3.5 1.8 0.6 3.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.064 119.5 120.5 120.8 2.6 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.2

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

45.609 116.0 122.0 125.4 13.5 2.8 2.0 1.6 2.4

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

54.301 128.3 130.2 131.2 9.2 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.8

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.089 118.9 119.1 120.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.256 119.8 129.5 136.7 13.7 5.6 0.9 4.3 4.4

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

4.359 96.2 103.4 108.4 42.6 4.8 7.1 -3.6 2.0

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

35.994 119.3 124.6 127.3 10.6 2.2 1.7 1.8 2.1

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

46.785 105.5 118.8 124.5 34.4 4.8 5.2 4.3 3.6

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

52.221 125.1 127.7 128.4 8.1 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.7

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

0.995 118.9 119.1 120.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

11.904 112.5 124.7 135.8 32.4 8.9 1.2 10.0 5.9

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

6.184 80.8 94.7 102.5 87.7 8.2 11.3 -3.4 4.9

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

28.697 113.6 127.5 130.4 24.0 2.3 5.3 4.1 2.2

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

42.467 91.7 98.9 105.0 47.9 6.2 10.0 -5.7 6.3

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

55.273 123.2 125.4 125.8 5.9 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

2.258 118.9 119.1 120.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

3.434 143.4 150.6 164.3 50.6 9.1 1.7 -0.7 10.4

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

14.922 61.8 67.6 74.3 112.3 9.9 21.3 -16.9 9.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

24.111 113.0 121.2 125.4 23.4 3.5 3.5 2.5 3.5

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

47.695 101.4 110.1 115.1 35.7 4.5 4.5 1.5 4.0

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

52.300 125.3 127.8 129.5 8.3 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.4

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.006 118.9 119.1 120.5 1.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

3.015 124.0 135.5 153.9 52.5 13.6 0.7 3.8 12.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

8.906 95.1 105.5 115.4 73.3 9.4 9.6 -4.3 6.5

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

35.774 100.3 108.1 110.8 24.5 2.5 3.4 2.8 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for January 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.

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Last Modified Date: June 15, 2021