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News Release Information

21-1854-SAN
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego Area – September 2021

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past two months, up 6.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), crept up 0.1 percent for the two months ending in September 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel, shelter, and education and communication. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.5 percent. Food prices increased 7.8 percent. Energy prices jumped 31.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices edged up 0.1 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 1.6 percent, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables (3.3 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.6 percent). Prices for food away from home decreased 1.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 7.8 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 5.7 percent. Increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 5.5 to 7.5 percent, with the exception of a 1.2 percent decline in dairy and related products. Prices for food away from home jumped 10.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.8 percent for the two months ending in September. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 0.9 percent, while prices for electricity were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 31.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (39.4 percent). Prices paid for electricity jumped 20.2 percent, and prices for natural gas service jumped 14.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (5.9 percent), education and communication (2.0 percent), shelter (0.3 percent), and medical care (0.1 percent) were contrasted by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-5.4 percent), recreation (-0.8 percent), and alcoholic beverages (-0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (16.4 percent), apparel (11.1 percent), and shelter (3.8 percent).

The November 2021 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego area is scheduled to be released on December 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.

 


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego-Carlsbad, CA metropolitan area includes San Diego County in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego-Carlsbad (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

323.906 - 324.138 6.5 0.1 -

All items (1967=100)

1,095.225 - 1,096.011 - - -

Food and beverages

291.027 - 291.182 7.6 0.1 -

Food

290.085 - 290.442 7.8 0.1 -

Food at home

247.101 244.732 251.050 5.7 1.6 2.6

Cereals and bakery products

290.478 - 291.545 5.5 0.4 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

261.634 - 268.414 5.8 2.6 -

Dairy and related products

190.072 - 188.341 -1.2 -0.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

269.440 - 278.317 7.2 3.3 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

282.564 - 282.869 7.5 0.1 -

Other food at home

230.459 - 234.629 6.3 1.8 -

Food away from home

348.278 - 343.404 10.1 -1.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

290.365 - 288.534 5.9 -0.6 -

Housing

378.021 - 379.710 4.4 0.4 -

Shelter

428.567 430.945 430.066 3.8 0.3 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

419.876 422.204 424.496 3.2 1.1 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

451.014 454.474 455.192 3.3 0.9 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

451.014 454.474 455.192 3.3 0.9 0.2

Fuels and utilities

394.097 - 395.294 12.9 0.3 -

Household energy

380.052 380.953 381.379 19.1 0.3 0.1

Energy services

375.765 376.588 376.516 18.8 0.2 0.0

Electricity

362.335 362.335 362.335 20.2 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

297.654 300.560 300.308 14.1 0.9 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

195.256 - 197.913 3.9 1.4 -

Apparel

162.687 - 172.313 11.1 5.9 -

Transportation

266.031 - 259.830 18.8 -2.3 -

Private transportation

258.498 - 258.749 19.4 0.1 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

128.707 - 126.409 16.4 -1.8 -

New vehicles(1)

244.913 - 247.450 5.0 1.0 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

329.038 - 311.298 23.4 -5.4 -

Motor fuel

341.468 345.232 345.256 39.4 1.1 0.0

Gasoline (all types)

341.391 345.055 345.140 39.4 1.1 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

353.524 357.342 357.397 40.4 1.1 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

297.839 300.932 300.967 35.9 1.1 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

348.766 352.432 352.651 35.4 1.1 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

572.272 - 572.272 8.8 0.0 -

Medical care

521.101 - 521.611 0.1 0.1 -

Recreation(3)

169.038 - 167.740 2.4 -0.8 -

Education and communication(3)

135.881 - 138.560 2.7 2.0 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,555.995 - 1,606.250 3.1 3.2 -

Other goods and services

442.341 - 441.713 4.3 -0.1 -

Commodity and service group

All items

323.906 - 324.138 6.5 0.1 -

Commodities

225.414 - 226.174 10.2 0.3 -

Commodities less food & beverages

190.748 - 191.849 12.4 0.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

222.422 - 226.202 15.5 1.7 -

Durables

156.888 - 155.490 8.5 -0.9 -

Services

409.856 - 409.514 4.4 -0.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

314.601 - 314.820 7.0 0.1 -

All items less shelter

282.162 - 281.934 8.0 -0.1 -

Commodities less food

195.239 - 196.194 11.9 0.5 -

Nondurables

258.338 - 260.179 10.7 0.7 -

Nondurables less food

229.036 - 232.279 14.3 1.4 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

408.473 - 405.897 5.3 -0.6 -

Services less medical care services

396.910 - 396.418 5.0 -0.1 -

Energy

350.596 353.361 353.519 31.3 0.8 0.0

All items less energy

325.285 - 325.362 5.2 0.0 -

All items less food and energy

332.716 - 332.730 4.7 0.0 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021