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19-2018-SAN
Wednesday, November 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – October 2019

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past month, up 3.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.7 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent over the year. Food prices rose 3.7 percent. Energy prices rose 6.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices edged up 0.2 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent, and prices for food away from home inched up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.7 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 6.0 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 7.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (10.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 3.0 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 6.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (7.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 3.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 3.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in October. Higher prices for recreation (3.5 percent), medical care (0.9 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.7 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.7 percent) and other goods and services (2.5 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in apparel (-2.5 percent), alcoholic beverages (-1.0 percent), and recreation (-0.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The November 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on December 11, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

274.579 276.054 278.075 3.2 1.3 0.7

All items (1967=100)

811.228 815.585 821.558 - - -

Food and beverages

266.821 268.178 268.773 3.4 0.7 0.2

Food

267.539 269.243 269.868 3.7 0.9 0.2

Food at home

255.824 256.546 257.259 1.5 0.6 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

271.840 273.250 276.331 4.7 1.7 1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

277.930 279.039 280.590 2.0 1.0 0.6

Dairy and related products

250.521 244.890 249.190 4.3 -0.5 1.8

Fruits and vegetables

347.604 344.965 347.434 2.8 0.0 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

258.151 258.029 253.321 -3.9 -1.9 -1.8

Other food at home

194.663 199.400 198.414 -0.3 1.9 -0.5

Food away from home

276.171 278.875 279.400 6.0 1.2 0.2

Food away from home

276.171 278.875 279.400 6.0 1.2 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

240.962 237.594 237.752 -1.0 -1.3 0.1

Housing

317.261 318.579 319.381 4.4 0.7 0.3

Shelter

366.290 367.156 368.322 4.7 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

387.736 389.477 391.895 5.7 1.1 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

380.668 381.832 382.524 4.7 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

380.646 381.810 382.502 4.7 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

332.419 332.808 337.793 3.5 1.6 1.5

Household energy

285.464 285.017 290.446 3.4 1.7 1.9

Energy services(2)

284.022 283.613 288.848 3.3 1.7 1.8

Electricity(2)

326.047 326.491 331.131 3.3 1.6 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

235.594 233.416 240.518 3.4 2.1 3.0

Household furnishings and operations

121.574 124.585 122.880 1.6 1.1 -1.4

Apparel

107.937 112.308 109.325 -2.5 1.3 -2.7

Transportation

214.119 217.643 225.128 3.4 5.1 3.4

Private transportation

211.461 214.749 222.627 3.5 5.3 3.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.674 90.969 91.183 0.3 -0.5 0.2

New vehicles(1)

168.590 168.792 168.472 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Used cars and trucks(1)

276.858 265.859 265.251 0.8 -4.2 -0.2

Motor fuel

275.496 290.816 319.939 7.7 16.1 10.0

Gasoline (all types)

269.106 284.163 312.811 7.8 16.2 10.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

269.084 284.214 313.280 7.6 16.4 10.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

260.694 274.830 300.817 8.2 15.4 9.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

257.613 271.704 297.181 8.0 15.4 9.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 777.794 782.920 0.0 1.0 0.7

Medical care

486.938 480.073 484.305 2.4 -0.5 0.9

Recreation(6)

104.271 104.177 107.776 -0.4 3.4 3.5

Education and communication(6)

148.897 149.287 149.112 0.6 0.1 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,951.333 1,961.620 1,959.569 2.7 0.4 -0.1

Other goods and services

446.607 443.033 441.100 2.5 -1.2 -0.4

Commodity and service group

All items

274.579 276.054 278.075 3.2 1.3 0.7

Commodities

183.672 186.235 188.209 2.1 2.5 1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

140.444 143.300 145.669 1.2 3.7 1.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.511 196.346 202.158 1.9 6.1 3.0

Durables

92.070 92.305 91.689 -0.1 -0.4 -0.7

Services

355.469 355.989 358.059 3.7 0.7 0.6

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.277 267.061 268.989 3.2 1.4 0.7

All items less shelter

234.219 235.978 238.399 2.2 1.8 1.0

Commodities less food

144.840 147.569 149.910 1.1 3.5 1.6

Nondurables

229.904 233.824 237.382 2.7 3.3 1.5

Nondurables less food

195.860 201.274 206.858 1.7 5.6 2.8

Services less rent of shelter(3)

349.377 349.406 352.824 2.2 1.0 1.0

Services less medical care services

343.500 344.269 346.147 3.6 0.8 0.5

Energy

280.943 290.873 311.941 6.3 11.0 7.2

All items less energy

276.331 277.256 278.028 3.0 0.6 0.3

All items less food and energy

278.131 278.935 279.732 2.8 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 13, 2019