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19-1633-SAN
Thursday, September 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – August 2019

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 3.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that during this period lower prices for energy helped counter higher prices for all items less food and energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent over the year. Food prices increased 2.8 percent. Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of natural gas service. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the month of August. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.8 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 5.1 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.8 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.4 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 2.1 percent, and prices for natural gas service declined 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for natural gas service (-18.3 percent). Prices for gasoline decreased 1.4 percent, but prices paid for electricity advanced 3.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in August. Higher prices for apparel (2.0 percent), education and communication (0.6 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-1.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.9 percent) and medical care (4.0 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in recreation (-2.0 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The September 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on October 10, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2018
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

274.380 274.682 274.579 3.0 0.1 0.0

All items (1967=100)

810.640 811.534 811.228 - - -

Food and beverages

265.569 266.975 266.821 2.6 0.5 -0.1

Food

266.300 267.789 267.539 2.8 0.5 -0.1

Food at home

255.135 256.670 255.824 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

273.550 278.288 271.840 3.8 -0.6 -2.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

276.577 279.145 277.930 -1.0 0.5 -0.4

Dairy and related products

247.328 245.850 250.521 3.9 1.3 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

344.121 345.694 347.604 1.9 1.0 0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

256.609 255.491 258.151 -2.7 0.6 1.0

Other food at home

196.263 197.945 194.663 -1.0 -0.8 -1.7

Food away from home

274.377 275.796 276.171 5.1 0.7 0.1

Food away from home

274.377 275.796 276.171 5.1 0.7 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

239.605 239.819 240.962 1.1 0.6 0.5

Housing

315.967 317.017 317.261 4.4 0.4 0.1

Shelter

364.285 365.102 366.290 4.9 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

384.472 386.502 387.736 5.5 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

378.241 379.331 380.668 5.0 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

378.219 379.309 380.646 5.0 0.6 0.4

Fuels and utilities

330.978 336.032 332.419 -1.7 0.4 -1.1

Household energy

285.199 290.527 285.464 -3.5 0.1 -1.7

Energy services(2)

283.915 289.173 284.022 -3.6 0.0 -1.8

Electricity(2)

328.400 332.992 326.047 3.0 -0.7 -2.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

230.518 237.789 235.594 -18.3 2.2 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

122.835 123.428 121.574 4.8 -1.0 -1.5

Apparel

107.736 105.821 107.937 0.3 0.2 2.0

Transportation

218.918 217.078 214.119 0.5 -2.2 -1.4

Private transportation

215.066 214.303 211.461 0.6 -1.7 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.783 92.094 91.674 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5

New vehicles(1)

170.548 168.876 168.590 -0.1 -1.1 -0.2

Used cars and trucks(1)

269.839 273.654 276.858 1.6 2.6 1.2

Motor fuel

289.321 285.269 275.496 -1.3 -4.8 -3.4

Gasoline (all types)

282.687 278.711 269.106 -1.4 -4.8 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

282.930 278.800 269.084 -1.6 -4.9 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

272.609 268.892 260.694 -0.5 -4.4 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

269.393 266.404 257.613 -0.8 -4.4 -3.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 774.857 774.857 2.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care

484.327 486.727 486.938 4.0 0.5 0.0

Recreation(6)

104.541 104.282 104.271 -2.0 -0.3 0.0

Education and communication(6)

147.723 148.046 148.897 1.7 0.8 0.6

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,915.729 1,920.755 1,951.333 5.4 1.9 1.6

Other goods and services

440.145 443.955 446.607 4.4 1.5 0.6

Commodity and service group

All items

274.380 274.682 274.579 3.0 0.1 0.0

Commodities

185.060 184.820 183.672 1.2 -0.8 -0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

142.742 141.895 140.444 0.2 -1.6 -1.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.186 192.698 190.511 -0.5 -1.9 -1.1

Durables

93.110 92.839 92.070 1.4 -1.1 -0.8

Services

353.871 354.652 355.469 3.8 0.5 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.171 265.392 265.277 2.9 0.0 0.0

All items less shelter

234.840 234.910 234.219 1.7 -0.3 -0.3

Commodities less food

147.071 146.242 144.840 0.2 -1.5 -1.0

Nondurables

231.408 231.210 229.904 1.1 -0.6 -0.6

Nondurables less food

199.311 197.895 195.860 -0.4 -1.7 -1.0

Services less rent of shelter(3)

348.341 349.081 349.377 2.1 0.3 0.1

Services less medical care services

341.972 342.706 343.500 3.7 0.4 0.2

Energy

289.953 289.143 280.943 -2.1 -3.1 -2.8

All items less energy

275.518 275.897 276.331 3.3 0.3 0.2

All items less food and energy

277.384 277.590 278.131 3.4 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 12, 2019