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News Release Information

22-1161-SAN
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — May 2022

Area prices were up 0.8 percent over the past month, up 8.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.8 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the May increase was influenced by higher prices for food, shelter, and natural gas service. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 8.4 percent. Energy prices jumped 33.4 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, May 2019-May 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 1.2 percent for the month of May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.6 percent as four categories rose, and two categories declined. Prices for food away from home increased 0.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 8.4 percent. Prices for food at home jumped 10.9 percent since a year ago, with prices rising in all six of the grocery categories. Prices for food away from home rose 5.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for natural gas service (19.4 percent). Prices for gasoline rose 2.5 percent, and prices for electricity rose 0.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 33.4 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (44.1 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service moved up 23.5 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 14.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in May. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (1.2 percent), medical care (1.0 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-0.2 percent) and apparel (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (12.1 percent), medical care (7.2 percent), and shelter (4.5 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9 1.1 7.5

February

0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 0.3 7.4

March

0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.5 8.5

April

0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6 0.5 7.9

May

0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9 0.8 8.0

June

-0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0

July

0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9

August

0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4

November

-0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

306.679 308.302 310.649 8.0 1.3 0.8

All items (1967=100)

906.065 910.861 917.795 - - -

Food and beverages

307.249 308.581 311.948 8.2 1.5 1.1

Food

308.115 309.222 312.963 8.4 1.6 1.2

Food at home

298.567 298.979 303.614 10.9 1.7 1.6

Cereals and bakery products

312.021 314.432 312.077 10.4 0.0 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

333.696 333.224 338.675 8.8 1.5 1.6

Dairy and related products

279.034 284.203 290.887 10.6 4.2 2.4

Fruits and vegetables

421.214 418.360 415.915 14.2 -1.3 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

291.248 284.238 293.392 6.8 0.7 3.2

Other food at home

224.184 227.000 234.486 12.7 4.6 3.3

Food away from home

312.426 314.422 316.880 5.6 1.4 0.8

Alcoholic beverages

275.507 279.900 277.827 5.8 0.8 -0.7

Housing

344.997 345.199 347.506 5.7 0.7 0.7

Shelter

391.014 393.393 395.023 4.5 1.0 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

414.737 416.441 417.907 3.7 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

404.757 406.347 409.021 4.2 1.1 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

404.733 406.323 408.998 4.2 1.1 0.7

Fuels and utilities

431.131 423.283 441.064 14.8 2.3 4.2

Household energy

387.909 378.542 399.349 17.7 2.9 5.5

Energy services(2)

385.556 376.317 397.047 17.5 3.0 5.5

Electricity(2)

449.175 437.223 437.937 14.6 -2.5 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

307.719 302.477 361.105 23.5 17.3 19.4

Household furnishings and operations

135.380 130.758 130.521 10.2 -3.6 -0.2

Apparel

118.761 115.276 115.215 4.1 -3.0 -0.1

Transportation

266.393 272.999 275.999 18.9 3.6 1.1

Private transportation

269.276 272.877 275.082 19.1 2.2 0.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

108.100 110.535 110.365 12.1 2.1 -0.2

New vehicles(1)

189.915 191.967 193.326 10.3 1.8 0.7

Used cars and trucks(1)

392.079 389.987 394.741 15.5 0.7 1.2

Motor fuel

435.041 441.000 452.281 44.3 4.0 2.6

Gasoline (all types)

425.278 430.416 441.335 44.1 3.8 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

427.284 432.301 443.440 44.6 3.8 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

404.341 409.667 419.640 42.9 3.8 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

402.677 408.099 417.782 42.1 3.8 2.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

- - - - - -

Medical care

538.381 542.186 547.781 7.2 1.7 1.0

Recreation(6)

117.521 118.313 118.570 8.0 0.9 0.2

Education and communication(6)

151.545 152.197 152.518 3.7 0.6 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,079.704 2,079.704 2,083.211 8.7 0.2 0.2

Other goods and services

476.838 479.117 482.482 3.6 1.2 0.7

Commodity and service group

All items

306.679 308.302 310.649 8.0 1.3 0.8

Commodities

215.759 216.387 218.383 12.2 1.2 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

167.491 167.805 169.147 15.4 1.0 0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

236.491 236.812 239.601 19.8 1.3 1.2

Durables

104.113 104.379 104.690 10.2 0.6 0.3

Services

386.484 389.020 391.649 5.9 1.3 0.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

296.477 298.009 300.221 8.1 1.3 0.7

All items less shelter

269.412 270.699 273.374 10.4 1.5 1.0

Commodities less food

172.522 172.947 174.217 14.9 1.0 0.7

Nondurables

273.383 274.210 277.306 13.0 1.4 1.1

Nondurables less food

241.939 242.519 245.040 18.6 1.3 1.0

Services less rent of shelter(3)

390.423 393.244 397.438 8.0 1.8 1.1

Services less medical care services

372.207 374.671 377.026 5.7 1.3 0.6

Energy

418.559 418.382 433.563 33.4 3.6 3.6

All items less energy

301.947 303.689 305.278 6.2 1.1 0.5

All items less food and energy

300.952 302.803 304.024 5.8 1.0 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022