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19-1263-SAN
Thursday, July 11, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – June 2019

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 3.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that during this period higher shelter prices helped counter lower gasoline prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 2.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.3 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.7 percent, while prices for food away from home were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 3.0 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 4.8 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 1.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 4.1 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-6.7 percent). Prices for electricity increased 1.5 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 2.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (6.0 percent). Prices paid for gasoline increased 1.6 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 1.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in June. Higher prices for other goods and services (1.1 percent) and shelter (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-0.9 percent) and new vehicles (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (6.1 percent) and shelter (5.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in recreation (-1.3 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on August 13, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Expenditure category

All items

273.945 274.479 274.380 3.3 0.2 0.0

All items (1967=100)

809.356 810.932 810.640 - - -

Food and beverages

265.788 266.326 265.569 2.9 -0.1 -0.3

Food

266.459 267.125 266.300 3.0 -0.1 -0.3

Food at home

256.108 256.821 255.135 1.3 -0.4 -0.7

Cereals and bakery products

270.934 276.434 273.550 3.2 1.0 -1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

278.702 282.296 276.577 -0.1 -0.8 -2.0

Dairy and related products

243.276 247.601 247.328 7.5 1.7 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

342.410 342.939 344.121 2.9 0.5 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

263.960 259.587 256.609 0.7 -2.8 -1.1

Other food at home

198.575 195.805 196.263 -2.1 -1.2 0.2

Food away from home

273.686 274.293 274.377 4.8 0.3 0.0

Food away from home

273.686 274.293 274.377 4.8 0.3 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

240.606 239.413 239.605 0.9 -0.4 0.1

Housing

312.688 313.929 315.967 5.0 1.0 0.6

Shelter

361.669 361.789 364.285 5.1 0.7 0.7

Rent of primary residence(2)

381.531 382.263 384.472 5.8 0.8 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

375.066 375.869 378.241 5.0 0.8 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

375.044 375.847 378.219 5.0 0.8 0.6

Fuels and utilities

321.975 328.064 330.978 3.3 2.8 0.9

Household energy

274.065 281.595 285.199 3.8 4.1 1.3

Energy services(2)

272.507 280.104 283.915 3.9 4.2 1.4

Electricity(2)

323.613 323.435 328.400 6.0 1.5 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

204.313 228.545 230.518 -1.8 12.8 0.9

Household furnishings and operations

119.225 122.762 122.835 6.1 3.0 0.1

Apparel

110.382 108.695 107.736 2.4 -2.4 -0.9

Transportation

223.435 224.193 218.918 1.6 -2.0 -2.4

Private transportation

219.807 220.355 215.066 1.5 -2.2 -2.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.923 91.852 91.783 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

New vehicles(1)

170.106 170.988 170.548 0.7 0.3 -0.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

269.228 266.438 269.839 0.5 0.2 1.3

Motor fuel

307.726 310.132 289.321 1.6 -6.0 -6.7

Gasoline (all types)

300.758 303.027 282.687 1.6 -6.0 -6.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

301.683 303.996 282.930 1.4 -6.2 -6.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

288.797 290.177 272.609 2.1 -5.6 -6.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

285.205 287.318 269.393 1.7 -5.5 -6.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 774.857 774.857 2.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care

482.458 484.009 484.327 0.9 0.4 0.1

Recreation(6)

105.404 104.690 104.541 -1.3 -0.8 -0.1

Education and communication(6)

146.969 147.015 147.723 2.0 0.5 0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,893.391 1,893.391 1,915.729 7.6 1.2 1.2

Other goods and services

436.530 435.145 440.145 3.3 0.8 1.1

Commodity and service group

All items

273.945 274.479 274.380 3.3 0.2 0.0

Commodities

186.418 187.156 185.060 2.3 -0.7 -1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

144.444 145.211 142.742 1.8 -1.2 -1.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

199.474 199.884 194.186 1.5 -2.7 -2.9

Durables

91.741 92.769 93.110 2.5 1.5 0.4

Services

351.856 352.210 353.871 3.8 0.6 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

264.792 265.285 265.171 3.5 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

235.395 236.119 234.840 2.1 -0.2 -0.5

Commodities less food

148.777 149.502 147.071 1.8 -1.1 -1.6

Nondurables

234.497 234.975 231.408 2.2 -1.3 -1.5

Nondurables less food

204.438 204.767 199.311 1.5 -2.5 -2.7

Services less rent of shelter(3)

347.142 347.842 348.341 2.0 0.3 0.1

Services less medical care services

340.005 340.299 341.972 4.0 0.6 0.5

Energy

298.187 302.397 289.953 2.3 -2.8 -4.1

All items less energy

274.505 274.798 275.518 3.4 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

276.185 276.421 277.384 3.5 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 11, 2019