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News Release Information

20-1398-SAN
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – June 2020

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past month, up 1.4 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the June increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent over the year. Food prices rose 4.8 percent. Energy prices dropped 11.0 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 0.6 percent, but prices for food away from home increased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 4.8 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 5.3 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 4.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.4 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (6.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 1.5 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 11.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-21.1 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 16.5 percent, and prices for electricity rose 4.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in June. Higher prices for alcoholic beverages (6.0 percent), other goods and services (2.6 percent), and shelter (0.2 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-1.2 percent), medical care (-0.8 percent), and education and communication (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (4.7 percent) and shelter (3.0 percent). Partly offsetting these increases were price decreases in apparel (-3.4 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-2.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1

February

0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4

March

0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7

May

0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9

June

0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4

July

0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0

October

0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2

November

-0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2

December

0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0

The July 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on August 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

Expenditure category

All items

275.853 276.842 278.121 1.4 0.8 0.5

All items (1967=100)

814.991 817.913 821.692 - - -

Food and beverages

276.101 278.810 279.880 5.4 1.4 0.4

Food

276.185 279.152 278.999 4.8 1.0 -0.1

Food at home

262.351 267.566 265.933 4.2 1.4 -0.6

Cereals and bakery products

284.534 282.739 279.137 2.0 -1.9 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

288.203 306.865 304.442 10.1 5.6 -0.8

Dairy and related products

260.443 263.686 254.502 2.9 -2.3 -3.5

Fruits and vegetables

348.901 347.840 355.139 3.2 1.8 2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

267.840 271.735 271.228 5.7 1.3 -0.2

Other food at home

196.149 199.090 196.604 0.2 0.2 -1.2

Food away from home

286.872 287.618 288.908 5.3 0.7 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

255.200 254.708 269.985 12.7 5.8 6.0

Housing

322.624 324.152 324.922 2.8 0.7 0.2

Shelter

373.697 374.276 375.172 3.0 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

398.555 399.259 399.973 4.0 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

389.571 390.476 391.458 3.5 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

389.549 390.454 391.436 3.5 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

332.824 349.707 349.898 5.7 5.1 0.1

Household energy

285.806 306.992 307.227 7.7 7.5 0.1

Energy services(2)

284.472 305.686 305.967 7.8 7.6 0.1

Electricity(2)

332.952 345.607 344.110 4.8 3.4 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

223.100 264.700 268.666 16.5 20.4 1.5

Household furnishings and operations

121.095 120.960 121.428 -1.1 0.3 0.4

Apparel

103.359 103.244 104.058 -3.4 0.7 0.8

Transportation

196.441 194.270 199.707 -8.8 1.7 2.8

Private transportation

195.216 192.695 198.058 -7.9 1.5 2.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

90.854 90.029 89.615 -2.4 -1.4 -0.5

New vehicles(1)

170.766 172.184 171.152 0.4 0.2 -0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

266.420 264.445 261.205 -3.2 -2.0 -1.2

Motor fuel

222.500 215.604 228.537 -21.0 2.7 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

217.188 210.463 223.166 -21.1 2.8 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

216.272 209.198 222.328 -21.4 2.8 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

213.621 205.559 215.821 -20.8 1.0 5.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

212.267 207.318 218.181 -19.0 2.8 5.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

679.162 679.162 768.278 -0.8 13.1 13.1

Medical care

499.720 511.177 506.888 4.7 1.4 -0.8

Recreation(6)

108.317 107.591 106.313 1.7 -1.9 -1.2

Education and communication(6)

149.159 149.334 148.297 0.4 -0.6 -0.7

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,963.667 1,968.023 1,969.840 2.8 0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

450.417 449.121 460.930 4.7 2.3 2.6

Commodity and service group

All items

275.853 276.842 278.121 1.4 0.8 0.5

Commodities

180.993 181.378 182.603 -1.3 0.9 0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

132.570 131.888 133.148 -6.7 0.4 1.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.017 174.971 177.915 -8.4 1.1 1.7

Durables

89.794 89.441 89.304 -4.1 -0.5 -0.2

Services

360.450 362.004 363.293 2.7 0.8 0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

266.142 266.754 268.222 1.2 0.8 0.6

All items less shelter

232.812 233.970 235.405 0.2 1.1 0.6

Commodities less food

137.783 137.103 138.862 -5.6 0.8 1.3

Nondurables

227.215 228.048 230.067 -0.6 1.3 0.9

Nondurables less food

183.606 182.591 186.476 -6.4 1.6 2.1

Services less rent of shelter(3)

350.960 353.953 355.848 2.2 1.4 0.5

Services less medical care services

347.441 348.431 349.903 2.3 0.7 0.4

Energy

246.634 249.692 258.193 -11.0 4.7 3.4

All items less energy

280.000 280.859 281.664 2.2 0.6 0.3

All items less food and energy

280.885 281.340 282.329 1.8 0.5 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020