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News Release Information

20-1117-SAN
Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Hawaii – Third Quarter 2019

From June 2019 to September 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Hawaii were 29,020, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 28,365, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 655 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 7,669. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.5 percent of private-sector employment in Hawaii; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Hawaii, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 24,206 in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 3,369 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 4,814 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 610 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 5.3 percent of private-sector employment in Hawaii; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Hawaii, contracting establishments lost 20,744 jobs in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 4,871 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 7,621 jobs, an increase of 526 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 1 of the 11 industry sectors in Hawaii in the third quarter of 2019. Education and health services had a net increase of 1,842 jobs. This was the result of 4,836 gross job gains and 2,994 gross job losses. Retail trade showed a net loss of 432 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Hawaii’s other services industry sector had a net loss of 346 jobs, and the wholesale trade industry lost 345 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Hawaii, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

27,332 30,742 28,766 25,041 29,020 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5

At expanding establishments

21,994 25,055 22,986 20,837 24,206 4.1 4.7 4.3 3.9 4.6

At opening establishments

5,338 5,687 5,780 4,204 4,814 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

29,198 27,198 31,811 32,710 28,365 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3

At contracting establishments

23,710 22,385 26,213 25,615 20,744 4.4 4.2 4.9 4.8 3.9

At closing establishments

5,488 4,813 5,598 7,095 7,621 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,866 3,544 -3,045 -7,669 655 -0.3 0.7 -0.5 -1.4 0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

2,952 3,191 3,749 2,716 2,808 8.2 8.8 10.3 7.4 7.7

At expanding establishments

2,523 2,534 3,141 2,363 2,338 7.0 7.0 8.6 6.4 6.4

At opening establishments

429 657 608 353 470 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.0 1.3

Gross job losses

3,165 3,188 3,449 3,763 3,110 8.7 8.8 9.5 10.1 8.5

At contracting establishments

2,611 2,572 2,722 2,974 2,411 7.2 7.1 7.5 8.0 6.6

At closing establishments

554 616 727 789 699 1.5 1.7 2.0 2.1 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-213 3 300 -1,047 -302 -0.5 0.0 0.8 -2.7 -0.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

626 764 659 577 618 3.5 4.3 3.7 3.1 3.4

At expanding establishments

520 612 568 497 527 2.9 3.4 3.2 2.7 2.9

At opening establishments

106 152 91 80 91 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

697 670 782 784 963 3.9 3.8 4.4 4.3 5.3

At contracting establishments

583 514 550 563 651 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.6

At closing establishments

114 156 232 221 312 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-71 94 -123 -207 -345 -0.4 0.5 -0.7 -1.2 -1.9

Retail trade

Gross job gains

3,480 3,298 3,246 3,569 3,448 4.8 4.6 4.5 5.0 4.9

At expanding establishments

3,040 2,956 2,743 3,353 2,970 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.7 4.2

At opening establishments

440 342 503 216 478 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.7

Gross job losses

3,584 3,598 3,592 4,191 3,880 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.4

At contracting establishments

3,210 3,145 3,211 3,448 3,290 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.6

At closing establishments

374 453 381 743 590 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-104 -300 -346 -622 -432 -0.2 -0.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.5

Financial activities

Gross job gains

1,270 1,375 1,225 1,089 1,300 4.5 4.9 4.4 3.7 4.4

At expanding establishments

1,068 1,124 1,040 892 1,056 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.0 3.6

At opening establishments

202 251 185 197 244 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

1,392 1,157 1,200 1,537 1,598 4.9 4.1 4.2 5.2 5.4

At contracting establishments

1,116 897 932 1,081 1,043 3.9 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.5

At closing establishments

276 260 268 456 555 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.5 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-122 218 25 -448 -298 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -1.5 -1.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

4,097 4,730 4,401 3,634 4,591 5.0 5.6 5.3 5.0 6.2

At expanding establishments

3,133 3,783 3,684 3,002 3,672 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.1 5.0

At opening establishments

964 947 717 632 919 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.2

Gross job losses

3,964 3,880 5,616 4,602 4,654 4.7 4.7 6.8 6.2 6.3

At contracting establishments

3,012 2,983 4,532 3,338 2,831 3.6 3.6 5.5 4.5 3.8

At closing establishments

952 897 1,084 1,264 1,823 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.7 2.5

Net employment change (2)

133 850 -1,215 -968 -63 0.3 0.9 -1.5 -1.2 -0.1

Education and health services

Gross job gains

3,731 3,521 4,731 2,858 4,836 4.3 4.1 5.5 3.3 5.6

At expanding establishments

3,110 2,895 3,287 2,544 4,173 3.6 3.4 3.8 2.9 4.8

At opening establishments

621 626 1,444 314 663 0.7 0.7 1.7 0.4 0.8

Gross job losses

3,458 3,227 4,264 5,609 2,994 4.0 3.7 4.9 6.5 3.5

At contracting establishments

2,992 2,685 3,634 4,653 2,301 3.5 3.1 4.2 5.4 2.7

At closing establishments

466 542 630 956 693 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

273 294 467 -2,751 1,842 0.3 0.4 0.6 -3.2 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

5,352 8,030 5,735 5,325 5,702 4.4 6.4 4.6 4.3 4.6

At expanding establishments

4,392 6,388 4,676 4,627 4,874 3.6 5.1 3.8 3.7 3.9

At opening establishments

960 1,642 1,059 698 828 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

5,947 5,988 7,513 6,255 5,976 4.8 4.9 6.1 4.9 4.7

At contracting establishments

4,987 5,166 6,175 4,984 4,410 4.0 4.2 5.0 3.9 3.5

At closing establishments

960 822 1,338 1,271 1,566 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-595 2,042 -1,778 -930 -274 -0.4 1.5 -1.5 -0.6 -0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

1,380 1,657 1,415 1,352 1,277 5.3 6.3 5.4 5.1 4.8

At expanding establishments

1,124 1,323 1,201 1,141 1,039 4.3 5.0 4.6 4.3 3.9

At opening establishments

256 334 214 211 238 1.0 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

1,527 1,746 1,378 1,757 1,623 5.8 6.6 5.3 6.6 6.1

At contracting establishments

1,213 1,298 1,062 1,230 1,179 4.6 4.9 4.1 4.6 4.4

At closing establishments

314 448 316 527 444 1.2 1.7 1.2 2.0 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-147 -89 37 -405 -346 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 -1.5 -1.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019

United States(1)

6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8

Alabama

6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.9

Alaska

8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 9.5 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2 10.1

Arizona

6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 6.4 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7 4.8

Arkansas

6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.5

California

6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.1

Colorado

6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4

Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9 5.8

Delaware

5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2

District of Columbia

5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5 5.4

Florida

6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3 5.7

Georgia

6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1

Hawaii

5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3

Idaho

6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7 6.8

Illinois

5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.6

Indiana

5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6

Kansas

5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.7

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1

Maine

6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.2

Maryland

6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.6

Massachusetts

5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9

Michigan

5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8 6.0

Minnesota

5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.8

Mississippi

5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.8

Missouri

5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.8

Montana

7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.3 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7 7.7

Nebraska

5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5

Nevada

6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.7

New Hampshire

5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 5.8 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.6

New Jersey

6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1

New Mexico

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.1

New York

6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9

North Dakota

6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.1

Ohio

5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.8

Oklahoma

6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.2

Rhode Island

6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7 6.2

South Carolina

5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2 5.7

South Dakota

6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.0

Tennessee

5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1

Texas

6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2

Utah

7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2

Vermont

6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 6.3 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1 7.6

Virginia

5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.2 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0

Washington

6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.0

West Virginia

7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.7

Wisconsin

5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.8

Wyoming

8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6 8.7

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8 5.4

Virgin Islands

12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 11.2 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 26, 2020