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Employment–population ratio at 60.0 percent in July 2022

August 10, 2022

The employment–population ratio—the proportion of the population that is employed—was 60.0 percent in July 2022 for people age 16 and older. The ratio was little changed over the month but was 1.6 percentage points higher than in July 2021 (58.4 percent) and 8.7 percentage points higher than in April 2020 (51.3 percent), when the ratio reached the low point early in the COVID-19 pandemic. The July 2022 ratio remains below its value just before the pandemic in February 2020 (61.2 percent), however.

Employment–population ratio, seasonally adjusted
Month Total Men, 20 years and older Women, 20 years and older 16 to 19 years old White Black or African American Asian Hispanic or Latino

Jan 2004

62.3% 72.1% 57.1% 36.9% 63.0% 57.6% 63.3% 63.4%

Feb 2004

62.3 71.9 57.4 36.5 63.0 57.4 63.4 63.0

Mar 2004

62.2 71.8 57.3 35.6 62.9 57.5 63.2 63.7

Apr 2004

62.3 71.7 57.4 36.5 63.0 57.3 63.1 63.6

May 2004

62.3 71.7 57.5 36.5 63.1 56.8 62.5 64.1

Jun 2004

62.4 72.0 57.4 35.9 63.1 56.8 62.0 64.2

Jul 2004

62.5 72.1 57.5 36.3 63.3 57.1 62.4 64.2

Aug 2004

62.4 72.1 57.4 36.5 63.2 57.2 62.6 64.1

Sep 2004

62.3 71.9 57.3 36.2 63.0 57.2 63.1 63.9

Oct 2004

62.3 71.9 57.3 36.5 63.1 57.3 63.0 63.9

Nov 2004

62.5 72.1 57.4 37.1 63.2 57.2 63.9 63.7

Dec 2004

62.4 72.0 57.4 36.4 63.2 57.0 63.2 63.7

Jan 2005

62.4 71.9 57.5 36.3 63.2 56.9 63.5 63.5

Feb 2005

62.4 72.1 57.4 35.7 63.2 56.6 63.3 63.8

Mar 2005

62.4 72.2 57.4 36.5 63.2 57.0 63.1 64.2

Apr 2005

62.7 72.5 57.5 36.2 63.4 57.5 63.1 63.7

May 2005

62.8 72.7 57.6 36.2 63.5 58.0 63.0 64.1

Jun 2005

62.7 72.7 57.5 36.5 63.3 58.1 62.9 64.1

Jul 2005

62.8 72.7 57.6 36.6 63.5 58.6 63.2 64.1

Aug 2005

62.9 72.8 57.7 37.0 63.6 58.3 63.6 64.1

Sep 2005

62.8 72.5 57.8 36.7 63.4 58.2 63.4 63.5

Oct 2005

62.8 72.5 57.8 36.3 63.4 58.6 64.8 64.0

Nov 2005

62.7 72.3 57.7 36.6 63.4 57.5 63.9 64.1

Dec 2005

62.8 72.4 57.8 36.8 63.5 57.7 63.5 64.3

Jan 2006

62.9 72.8 57.7 37.0 63.7 57.8 63.8 65.2

Feb 2006

63.0 72.8 57.8 37.4 63.7 58.3 64.4 65.3

Mar 2006

63.1 72.9 57.8 37.2 63.7 58.5 64.3 65.3

Apr 2006

63.0 72.9 57.8 37.0 63.7 58.2 63.9 65.1

May 2006

63.1 72.8 58.0 37.3 63.7 58.6 63.6 65.3

Jun 2006

63.1 72.8 58.1 37.4 63.8 58.1 63.8 65.5

Jul 2006

63.0 72.4 58.2 36.9 63.8 57.9 64.1 64.9

Aug 2006

63.1 72.7 58.2 36.5 63.8 58.5 63.6 64.6

Sep 2006

63.1 73.1 58.0 36.0 63.7 57.9 65.1 64.3

Oct 2006

63.3 73.0 58.3 36.9 63.9 58.7 65.1 65.3

Nov 2006

63.3 73.0 58.2 37.2 63.9 58.8 64.5 65.2

Dec 2006

63.4 73.2 58.4 37.0 64.1 59.2 64.7 65.8

Jan 2007

63.3 73.1 58.3 36.5 63.9 59.4 64.4 65.5

Feb 2007

63.3 73.0 58.4 35.9 63.9 59.0 64.2 65.3

Mar 2007

63.3 73.1 58.5 35.5 64.0 58.5 64.1 65.5

Apr 2007

63.0 73.0 58.0 34.7 63.6 58.4 63.8 65.1

May 2007

63.0 72.9 58.2 34.2 63.7 58.2 64.3 64.7

Jun 2007

63.0 72.8 58.2 35.0 63.7 58.1 64.6 64.7

Jul 2007

62.9 72.6 58.2 34.7 63.5 58.8 64.9 64.7

Aug 2007

62.7 72.5 58.2 33.2 63.3 58.7 64.8 65.3

Sep 2007

62.9 72.5 58.3 34.6 63.5 58.4 63.6 64.8

Oct 2007

62.7 72.3 58.0 35.0 63.5 57.9 63.9 64.7

Nov 2007

62.9 72.7 58.1 34.8 63.6 57.8 65.0 64.7

Dec 2007

62.7 72.5 58.0 34.3 63.5 57.8 64.2 64.3

Jan 2008

62.9 72.7 58.2 33.9 63.6 58.2 65.2 64.3

Feb 2008

62.8 72.6 58.1 33.4 63.4 58.3 65.0 64.4

Mar 2008

62.7 72.4 58.2 33.6 63.3 58.1 64.8 63.9

Apr 2008

62.7 72.2 58.1 34.3 63.2 58.4 65.6 63.9

May 2008

62.5 71.9 58.1 34.1 63.2 57.6 64.5 64.3

Jun 2008

62.4 71.8 58.1 32.8 63.1 57.6 64.1 63.6

Jul 2008

62.2 71.7 58.0 32.1 63.0 57.4 64.7 63.3

Aug 2008

62.0 71.4 57.8 32.4 62.7 57.5 64.3 63.3

Sep 2008

61.9 71.1 57.8 32.4 62.6 56.5 64.1 63.0

Oct 2008

61.7 70.8 57.8 31.8 62.5 56.3 64.1 62.2

Nov 2008

61.4 70.4 57.6 30.8 62.1 55.8 63.0 61.9

Dec 2008

61.0 69.8 57.4 30.6 61.7 55.8 62.8 61.6

Jan 2009

60.6 69.3 57.0 30.5 61.4 55.2 61.5 61.1

Feb 2009

60.3 68.8 56.9 30.3 61.2 54.3 61.5 60.5

Mar 2009

59.9 68.2 56.7 29.6 60.7 53.8 61.4 60.3

Apr 2009

59.8 68.1 56.7 29.5 60.7 53.6 61.8 60.7

May 2009

59.6 67.8 56.4 29.5 60.5 53.4 61.6 59.7

Jun 2009

59.4 67.7 56.3 28.9 60.3 53.3 61.4 59.6

Jul 2009

59.3 67.5 56.3 28.6 60.2 53.5 61.8 59.9

Aug 2009

59.1 67.3 56.1 27.9 60.0 52.9 61.3 58.9

Sep 2009

58.7 67.0 55.8 27.3 59.6 52.3 60.9 59.2

Oct 2009

58.5 66.8 55.7 26.1 59.5 52.0 60.6 58.9

Nov 2009

58.6 66.8 55.8 26.3 59.4 52.3 60.5 59.3

Dec 2009

58.3 66.4 55.4 26.2 59.2 52.0 59.9 58.6

Jan 2010

58.5 66.5 55.8 26.0 59.6 52.0 58.9 59.3

Feb 2010

58.5 66.5 55.7 26.4 59.5 52.1 59.0 59.5

Mar 2010

58.5 66.7 55.6 26.5 59.5 52.0 59.5 59.3

Apr 2010

58.7 67.1 55.6 26.7 59.7 52.3 61.1 59.1

May 2010

58.6 67.1 55.6 26.2 59.6 53.0 59.9 59.3

Jun 2010

58.5 67.0 55.6 25.1 59.5 52.5 60.0 58.9

Jul 2010

58.5 67.0 55.5 25.5 59.5 52.3 59.8 59.3

Aug 2010

58.6 67.1 55.4 26.1 59.6 52.3 60.2 59.3

Sep 2010

58.5 67.0 55.4 25.3 59.5 51.9 59.9 59.3

Oct 2010

58.3 66.8 55.3 25.5 59.2 52.3 60.5 58.6

Nov 2010

58.2 66.4 55.3 26.1 59.0 52.4 59.8 58.4

Dec 2010

58.3 66.7 55.3 25.6 59.2 52.4 59.7 58.3

Jan 2011

58.3 66.7 55.3 25.7 59.4 51.9 60.5 58.9

Feb 2011

58.4 66.9 55.1 25.7 59.3 51.9 60.4 58.3

Mar 2011

58.4 66.9 55.3 25.9 59.5 51.6 60.5 58.7

Apr 2011

58.4 66.9 55.2 25.5 59.5 51.3 60.0 58.6

May 2011

58.3 67.0 55.0 25.4 59.5 51.1 60.3 58.3

Jun 2011

58.2 66.8 54.9 25.5 59.3 51.2 60.2 58.6

Jul 2011

58.2 66.8 55.0 25.2 59.3 51.0 59.5 58.7

Aug 2011

58.3 67.0 55.0 26.1 59.4 51.5 59.2 59.2

Sep 2011

58.4 67.0 55.0 26.1 59.4 52.3 59.2 59.2

Oct 2011

58.4 67.0 55.1 26.1 59.3 52.5 60.1 59.4

Nov 2011

58.6 67.4 55.0 26.3 59.5 51.8 60.1 59.1

Dec 2011

58.6 67.5 54.9 26.3 59.5 52.3 60.2 59.4

Jan 2012

58.4 67.6 54.8 25.6 59.4 52.8 59.9 59.2

Feb 2012

58.5 67.6 54.9 25.8 59.5 53.0 59.0 59.5

Mar 2012

58.5 67.5 55.0 25.6 59.4 53.2 59.2 59.3

Apr 2012

58.4 67.4 54.9 25.6 59.3 53.2 59.1 59.6

May 2012

58.5 67.5 55.0 25.8 59.4 53.0 60.0 59.7

Jun 2012

58.6 67.4 55.0 26.6 59.4 53.1 60.3 59.6

Jul 2012

58.5 67.4 54.8 26.7 59.2 52.8 60.7 59.7

Aug 2012

58.4 67.3 54.9 26.0 59.2 52.9 59.9 59.4

Sep 2012

58.7 67.6 55.1 26.1 59.5 52.9 60.9 59.8

Oct 2012

58.8 67.8 55.1 26.3 59.6 53.4 60.4 59.7

Nov 2012

58.7 67.7 55.0 26.4 59.5 53.2 60.7 59.2

Dec 2012

58.7 67.7 54.9 25.9 59.5 52.7 61.3 59.5

Jan 2013

58.6 67.6 54.7 26.8 59.4 53.3 60.8 59.8

Feb 2013

58.6 67.7 54.8 25.8 59.3 53.2 60.9 59.8

Mar 2013

58.5 67.6 54.7 25.8 59.3 53.3 61.0 59.3

Apr 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 25.8 59.4 53.3 60.6 59.8

May 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 26.3 59.4 53.5 60.8 60.5

Jun 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 26.6 59.4 52.9 62.2 60.3

Jul 2013

58.7 67.5 55.1 26.8 59.5 53.5 61.0 60.4

Aug 2013

58.7 67.2 55.3 26.7 59.4 53.0 61.4 60.2

Sep 2013

58.7 67.3 55.1 27.4 59.4 53.3 61.8 60.0

Oct 2013

58.3 66.9 54.7 26.6 59.1 52.8 60.8 59.7

Nov 2013

58.6 67.4 54.8 27.1 59.4 53.0 61.3 60.2

Dec 2013

58.7 67.5 55.0 26.8 59.5 53.1 61.8 60.0

Jan 2014

58.8 67.5 55.2 26.4 59.6 53.3 60.9 60.4

Feb 2014

58.7 67.4 55.4 25.6 59.6 53.7 60.2 60.6

Mar 2014

58.9 67.8 55.2 26.9 59.6 53.9 60.7 60.9

Apr 2014

58.9 67.6 55.2 26.8 59.7 53.9 59.8 60.8

May 2014

58.9 67.6 55.2 27.2 59.7 53.9 60.1 60.7

Jun 2014

59.0 67.9 55.3 26.8 59.7 54.4 59.9 61.2

Jul 2014

59.0 67.9 55.2 27.3 59.7 54.5 60.2 60.9

Aug 2014

59.0 68.0 55.1 27.2 59.8 54.1 60.9 61.2

Sep 2014

59.1 68.1 55.1 27.3 59.8 54.8 60.6 61.6

Oct 2014

59.3 68.1 55.3 29.0 60.0 54.8 60.6 62.0

Nov 2014

59.2 67.8 55.4 29.0 59.9 54.7 60.2 62.0

Dec 2014

59.3 68.1 55.3 28.7 59.9 54.9 60.6 61.9

Jan 2015

59.3 68.1 55.4 28.3 60.1 54.6 60.1 62.1

Feb 2015

59.2 68.1 55.3 28.6 59.9 54.8 60.6 61.7

Mar 2015

59.2 68.1 55.2 28.6 59.8 55.0 60.4 61.7

Apr 2015

59.3 68.2 55.3 28.7 59.8 56.2 60.5 61.8

May 2015

59.4 68.3 55.4 28.8 60.0 55.8 61.1 61.8

Jun 2015

59.4 68.2 55.5 27.9 59.9 55.9 60.3 61.7

Jul 2015

59.3 68.3 55.3 28.2 59.9 55.9 60.2 61.4

Aug 2015

59.4 68.2 55.5 28.1 59.9 55.9 60.3 61.3

Sep 2015

59.2 68.1 55.2 28.2 59.8 55.7 59.9 61.3

Oct 2015

59.3 68.1 55.4 28.5 59.9 55.9 59.6 61.5

Nov 2015

59.4 67.9 55.6 28.6 59.9 55.8 60.7 61.3

Dec 2015

59.6 68.2 55.7 29.6 60.0 56.4 60.7 61.4

Jan 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.4 60.3 56.1 60.1 61.9

Feb 2016

59.8 68.6 55.7 29.7 60.3 56.2 60.6 62.4

Mar 2016

59.8 68.7 55.8 29.4 60.4 56.0 60.8 62.6

Apr 2016

59.7 68.6 55.6 29.8 60.3 55.8 61.4 61.7

May 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.8 60.3 56.1 60.7 61.9

Jun 2016

59.7 68.6 55.6 28.9 60.2 56.1 61.0 61.9

Jul 2016

59.8 68.5 55.7 29.9 60.3 56.1 61.2 62.3

Aug 2016

59.8 68.5 55.7 30.5 60.2 56.9 60.6 62.5

Sep 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.9 60.1 56.7 61.0 61.9

Oct 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.6 60.0 56.5 61.5 61.8

Nov 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.8 60.1 57.0 61.0 61.8

Dec 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.8 60.0 57.1 61.0 61.8

Jan 2017

59.9 68.6 55.8 30.1 60.1 57.6 61.5 62.2

Feb 2017

60.0 68.6 56.0 30.0 60.3 57.3 61.4 62.7

Mar 2017

60.2 68.6 56.3 31.0 60.5 57.3 61.0 63.3

Apr 2017

60.2 68.9 56.2 30.7 60.5 57.7 61.6 62.8

May 2017

60.1 68.7 56.1 30.1 60.4 57.8 61.6 62.8

Jun 2017

60.1 68.7 56.1 31.1 60.4 57.7 61.3 62.9

Jul 2017

60.2 68.7 56.3 30.2 60.5 57.7 61.7 63.1

Aug 2017

60.1 68.7 56.2 30.4 60.4 57.3 61.7 62.5

Sep 2017

60.4 69.0 56.3 31.2 60.6 58.2 62.0 63.1

Oct 2017

60.1 68.8 56.1 29.7 60.3 57.4 61.7 62.2

Nov 2017

60.1 68.8 56.2 29.1 60.4 57.7 61.0 62.3

Dec 2017

60.1 68.9 56.0 29.8 60.4 58.0 61.1 62.4

Jan 2018

60.2 68.9 56.0 30.6 60.5 57.5 61.2 62.6

Feb 2018

60.4 69.3 56.2 31.0 60.7 58.6 60.7 63.0

Mar 2018

60.4 69.2 56.2 30.9 60.7 58.5 61.3 62.6

Apr 2018

60.4 69.2 56.2 30.5 60.7 58.0 61.6 63.4

May 2018

60.5 69.3 56.4 30.3 60.8 58.6 61.6 63.2

Jun 2018

60.4 69.0 56.5 30.9 60.7 58.3 61.6 63.5

Jul 2018

60.5 69.0 56.7 30.6 60.8 58.4 61.9 63.9

Aug 2018

60.3 68.9 56.4 29.1 60.4 58.1 61.7 62.8

Sep 2018

60.4 68.9 56.5 30.3 60.5 58.6 61.9 63.0

Oct 2018

60.5 68.9 56.6 31.0 60.7 58.5 61.9 63.1

Nov 2018

60.5 69.0 56.6 30.8 60.7 58.3 62.3 63.5

Dec 2018

60.6 68.9 56.7 31.2 60.8 57.9 61.4 64.0

Jan 2019

60.6 69.1 56.7 30.9 60.8 58.6 62.5 64.0

Feb 2019

60.8 69.3 56.9 30.0 61.0 58.2 62.3 63.7

Mar 2019

60.7 69.2 56.7 31.0 61.0 58.0 62.2 63.8

Apr 2019

60.6 69.1 56.8 29.6 60.8 58.4 61.4 63.3

May 2019

60.6 69.3 56.6 29.9 60.8 58.6 61.7 63.6

Jun 2019

60.7 69.2 56.7 31.1 60.9 58.2 62.3 63.6

Jul 2019

60.8 69.3 56.7 31.6 60.9 59.0 62.1 63.6

Aug 2019

60.8 69.2 57.0 31.0 60.9 58.8 62.1 63.9

Sep 2019

60.9 69.2 57.3 30.7 61.1 59.1 62.4 64.4

Oct 2019

60.9 69.1 57.3 31.1 61.1 58.9 63.3 64.4

Nov 2019

61.0 69.3 57.1 31.6 61.1 58.8 62.8 64.4

Dec 2019

61.0 69.3 57.3 31.4 61.2 59.3 61.7 64.3

Jan 2020

61.1 69.4 57.3 31.9 61.4 58.9 62.0 64.9

Feb 2020

61.2 69.3 57.4 32.5 61.4 59.4 62.5 65.0

Mar 2020

59.9 68.1 56.1 30.8 60.2 57.6 61.1 62.9

Apr 2020

51.3 59.7 47.6 20.2 51.7 48.8 52.1 51.4

May 2020

52.8 61.1 48.9 23.1 53.5 49.7 52.0 52.9

Jun 2020

54.7 62.7 51.0 25.8 55.5 50.8 53.1 56.0

Jul 2020

55.2 63.1 51.6 26.6 55.8 51.5 56.0 56.4

Aug 2020

56.5 64.5 52.7 28.3 57.2 52.4 56.9 58.4

Sep 2020

56.6 64.7 52.5 30.0 57.3 52.6 57.3 58.2

Oct 2020

57.4 65.3 53.5 31.0 58.1 53.7 58.0 59.7

Nov 2020

57.4 65.1 53.6 30.9 57.9 54.0 58.4 59.7

Dec 2020

57.4 65.2 53.6 30.2 57.8 53.9 58.2 59.2

Jan 2021

57.5 65.5 53.6 30.6 57.9 54.7 58.6 59.4

Feb 2021

57.6 65.5 53.7 31.3 58.0 54.3 59.2 59.9

Mar 2021

57.8 65.5 54.1 31.5 58.2 54.9 59.3 60.3

Apr 2021

57.9 65.6 54.0 32.8 58.2 55.3 59.2 60.2

May 2021

58.0 65.6 54.2 33.0 58.3 55.5 59.9 60.5

Jun 2021

58.0 65.7 54.2 31.6 58.2 55.9 59.8 60.6

Jul 2021

58.4 66.1 54.6 32.0 58.6 55.8 61.2 61.4

Aug 2021

58.5 66.4 54.7 32.2 58.7 56.1 61.2 61.5

Sep 2021

58.8 66.7 54.8 32.2 58.9 56.5 61.7 61.6

Oct 2021

58.9 66.9 54.9 32.1 59.1 56.3 62.5 61.9

Nov 2021

59.3 67.3 55.3 32.4 59.4 56.8 62.8 62.9

Dec 2021

59.5 67.4 55.7 32.1 59.7 56.5 62.2 62.7

Jan 2022

59.7 67.5 56.0 32.6 59.9 57.7 62.1 63.2

Feb 2022

59.9 68.1 55.9 32.2 60.1 58.1 61.0 63.6

Mar 2022

60.1 68.1 56.2 33.2 60.3 58.3 62.3 63.7

Apr 2022

60.0 67.9 56.2 32.9 59.9 58.6 62.4 63.4

May 2022

60.1 67.9 56.3 32.7 60.0 59.1 63.3 63.6

Jun 2022

59.9 67.8 56.2 32.6 59.9 58.6 62.5 63.7

Jul 2022

60.0 67.7 56.5 31.7 59.9 58.3 63.2 63.1

Among the major worker groups, employment–population ratios in July 2022 were little changed from the previous month. The ratios in July 2022 were higher than a year earlier among adult men, adult women, Whites, Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics or Latinos, while the ratio for teenagers was little changed.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and are seasonally adjusted. People whose ethnicity is Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. For more information, see "The Employment Situation — July 2022." We also have more charts on employment and the labor force.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment–population ratio at 60.0 percent in July 2022 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2022/employment-population-ratio-at-60-0-percent-in-july-2022.htm (visited November 28, 2022).

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