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Job gains and losses by state from March 2019 to March 2021

October 29, 2021

For the quarter ending March 2021, the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses resulted in a net gain of 1.7 million jobs in the private sector. Over this period, job gains topped job losses in 49 states and the District of Columbia.

Gross job gains by state, March 2019 to March 2021
State Mar 2019 Jun 2019 Sep 2019 Dec 2019 Mar 2020 Jun 2020 Sep 2020 Dec 2020 Mar 2021

Alabama

98,585 94,425 94,280 100,789 88,827 73,891 119,278 119,294 92,377

Alaska

25,033 26,859 23,986 25,429 23,319 15,297 26,215 30,084 25,286

Arizona

142,783 141,511 158,483 161,049 144,546 142,520 188,469 180,158 157,582

Arkansas

54,381 51,784 56,390 65,676 53,062 47,512 73,315 71,401 59,076

California

965,493 992,481 956,863 1,030,731 932,677 751,485 1,201,754 1,171,574 1,081,628

Colorado

151,526 161,485 151,146 154,702 147,764 126,401 216,809 161,665 190,034

Connecticut

75,440 82,927 78,880 78,217 84,446 58,417 148,355 88,630 85,542

Delaware

25,071 23,375 23,957 25,847 23,770 18,177 37,102 24,803 25,344

District of Columbia

29,454 29,232 29,408 28,976 28,354 16,282 37,965 24,490 25,353

Florida

477,159 501,154 508,090 517,712 434,219 450,826 685,781 586,615 521,589

Georgia

258,578 238,309 239,942 253,268 222,742 198,055 331,782 290,819 251,594

Hawaii

29,461 25,699 29,739 29,944 29,199 17,297 29,959 61,190 37,733

Idaho

46,848 45,411 43,389 49,043 48,769 39,770 52,742 55,980 53,979

Illinois

273,456 291,465 258,263 287,811 261,345 220,967 457,067 311,130 352,016

Indiana

156,564 138,655 143,584 159,725 133,217 119,442 208,217 174,192 157,471

Iowa

67,490 76,600 68,623 75,806 70,845 55,343 91,616 84,795 76,915

Kansas

64,231 66,132 64,289 72,194 62,310 55,385 85,025 76,509 68,181

Kentucky

93,636 92,832 94,411 100,376 88,290 70,385 132,991 112,311 112,708

Louisiana

97,177 101,300 95,408 94,410 86,705 65,928 129,943 127,528 96,274

Maine

38,606 38,970 33,937 38,457 34,854 25,718 58,423 41,979 45,104

Maryland

142,464 140,234 135,362 141,058 125,118 99,904 221,885 147,691 129,076

Massachusetts

193,287 192,810 168,403 187,856 168,134 109,631 349,742 203,528 193,648

Michigan

194,992 210,982 192,586 218,054 193,590 140,450 367,778 233,463 297,237

Minnesota

131,044 146,831 131,283 146,221 125,431 99,807 204,782 159,532 215,284

Mississippi

51,604 52,903 50,485 55,792 49,965 43,475 74,147 69,883 48,982

Missouri

130,189 135,976 138,670 149,039 123,860 107,428 189,558 162,655 145,842

Montana

29,520 30,967 28,309 33,159 29,405 25,685 36,552 35,500 34,300

Nebraska

46,583 47,274 46,672 51,106 47,976 38,438 63,895 53,943 52,031

Nevada

75,982 74,367 75,518 84,786 67,801 59,684 136,709 97,898 83,087

New Hampshire

36,999 37,315 33,634 38,666 35,523 25,124 62,877 40,432 41,089

New Jersey

202,091 216,871 210,757 228,589 200,860 153,459 484,495 262,647 231,639

New Mexico

43,106 41,340 44,370 45,707 41,059 27,809 50,202 43,561 51,283

New York

488,034 490,688 469,367 478,627 442,072 289,826 921,194 528,197 502,099

North Carolina

238,539 229,632 217,575 234,599 224,389 177,407 308,279 288,961 249,484

North Dakota

24,809 23,659 22,997 23,519 24,206 17,552 28,228 23,213 25,429

Ohio

263,189 268,695 252,310 269,618 240,494 201,595 338,918 291,848 273,126

Oklahoma

76,654 77,673 82,435 83,095 70,187 69,513 86,685 97,432 75,490

Oregon

106,288 104,586 102,815 111,429 115,500 80,526 137,454 115,457 134,802

Pennsylvania

270,680 277,735 275,225 283,508 262,222 175,690 487,751 298,990 318,356

Rhode Island

24,883 27,052 24,971 27,526 25,551 17,689 48,657 29,475 38,212

South Carolina

115,897 113,450 106,338 114,938 100,424 85,261 146,055 135,839 106,718

South Dakota

20,441 22,206 20,606 22,823 21,347 17,640 29,303 25,154 25,621

Tennessee

140,723 143,562 142,707 147,335 137,825 110,734 200,135 188,799 144,611

Texas

593,151 614,236 622,795 640,989 553,858 487,183 726,414 766,575 597,160

Utah

93,534 89,114 87,546 87,726 85,644 83,337 114,757 104,801 94,104

Vermont

17,637 18,200 16,008 17,714 15,102 11,010 29,141 17,749 19,463

Virginia

205,008 195,454 177,297 211,436 181,700 142,363 307,263 214,569 184,421

Washington

182,376 190,778 174,492 189,956 222,102 132,571 235,678 192,772 215,904

West Virginia

33,812 34,646 32,115 33,983 35,869 26,431 44,845 38,074 37,107

Wisconsin

128,828 139,668 120,000 136,010 127,826 104,444 177,928 149,052 140,399

Wyoming

19,028 18,143 17,992 19,711 18,399 12,907 20,672 19,560 18,202

For the quarter ended in March 2021, California had the largest number of job gains (1,081,628). Other states with job gains greater than 500,000 over that period were Texas, Florida, and New York.

Gross job losses by state, March 2019 to March 2021
State Mar 2019 Jun 2019 Sep 2019 Dec 2019 Mar 2020 Jun 2020 Sep 2020 Dec 2020 Mar 2021

Alabama

89,711 96,006 94,816 89,917 96,778 196,681 90,585 84,720 92,107

Alaska

22,374 24,850 25,060 25,542 24,694 56,304 21,178 17,167 21,662

Arizona

136,801 137,899 122,450 132,077 155,039 288,811 147,266 120,914 137,245

Arkansas

52,956 58,254 58,954 49,594 58,018 119,820 54,843 51,611 50,250

California

914,472 969,740 909,715 904,805 1,034,813 2,664,100 965,425 848,243 833,574

Colorado

142,212 141,974 148,124 143,705 161,067 333,840 135,842 157,038 123,149

Connecticut

82,334 82,428 82,574 80,006 85,604 263,538 65,898 79,517 71,646

Delaware

21,541 25,386 24,059 24,505 26,061 63,203 22,708 21,870 22,245

District of Columbia

26,434 29,374 28,722 25,108 28,885 111,741 26,667 25,795 24,772

Florida

435,535 484,621 445,802 462,823 485,406 1,051,658 492,931 443,199 435,096

Georgia

218,233 247,086 231,162 214,661 244,761 554,519 230,389 191,946 214,348

Hawaii

31,910 31,057 27,644 28,098 31,355 142,873 49,141 18,902 26,185

Idaho

38,437 41,760 42,660 40,121 39,909 70,970 40,217 39,115 37,762

Illinois

271,332 275,196 290,067 269,128 311,903 893,653 262,529 292,410 235,866

Indiana

131,761 156,136 150,338 136,293 161,118 348,004 131,356 127,593 131,642

Iowa

73,015 74,464 74,014 71,606 78,413 163,420 67,835 62,908 68,172

Kansas

65,080 65,646 64,970 65,110 68,780 146,099 63,525 64,495 61,530

Kentucky

89,233 94,979 91,928 89,105 99,198 234,010 75,389 93,275 80,297

Louisiana

99,335 104,422 97,961 92,577 103,480 252,014 99,686 81,705 88,400

Maine

34,955 38,734 37,985 36,307 38,198 108,980 28,668 31,261 32,096

Maryland

125,521 141,925 139,759 129,075 151,252 443,298 110,106 119,660 114,275

Massachusetts

167,479 177,151 187,295 178,352 195,390 714,797 152,202 160,761 145,185

Michigan

177,829 215,684 221,873 199,809 215,522 727,068 160,877 237,554 172,427

Minnesota

129,846 136,388 143,453 139,781 142,000 417,638 122,620 157,602 113,923

Mississippi

55,839 54,207 52,136 50,527 57,501 111,622 46,144 42,799 57,760

Missouri

125,955 139,578 138,112 127,398 141,712 330,790 125,598 119,914 120,759

Montana

31,149 29,585 29,571 28,055 30,536 52,377 26,639 25,794 26,870

Nebraska

46,051 46,352 45,383 47,105 50,198 97,404 45,413 43,750 49,507

Nevada

67,002 76,545 69,396 63,971 81,338 337,194 68,282 63,782 62,689

New Hampshire

33,347 36,686 38,470 34,477 37,972 103,540 28,000 34,841 30,261

New Jersey

202,049 206,853 218,459 205,032 226,863 917,511 173,437 189,844 186,170

New Mexico

38,192 42,168 40,068 41,662 43,983 109,916 35,711 45,015 34,014

New York

436,517 475,830 482,878 465,513 526,144 1,981,322 405,074 452,008 393,029

North Carolina

192,336 223,715 223,966 204,410 222,011 532,972 197,428 182,519 200,141

North Dakota

22,465 23,338 24,986 23,513 25,311 56,881 21,947 22,713 20,985

Ohio

246,290 267,161 275,491 249,355 268,766 650,019 232,782 233,327 223,339

Oklahoma

75,818 80,602 80,423 81,118 85,871 152,932 79,279 71,686 75,024

Oregon

96,550 100,609 102,652 96,891 110,706 290,625 95,988 101,713 88,715

Pennsylvania

250,317 278,460 271,961 255,572 299,656 901,158 232,669 258,653 227,213

Rhode Island

24,434 27,460 26,574 25,170 27,623 99,168 19,750 27,610 21,750

South Carolina

114,087 108,620 103,081 104,754 118,335 247,000 96,810 88,242 104,928

South Dakota

22,229 20,956 21,292 20,549 23,768 39,915 18,729 21,283 21,112

Tennessee

126,010 133,493 133,977 132,351 142,837 350,743 133,250 116,317 128,007

Texas

553,702 569,015 568,492 549,374 614,010 1,418,059 608,180 489,322 512,772

Utah

79,691 84,199 80,585 82,037 84,429 138,210 78,612 71,466 80,546

Vermont

16,239 18,394 19,569 16,331 19,665 43,626 13,023 18,518 14,209

Virginia

175,868 187,052 200,691 178,038 198,361 559,329 159,249 162,104 169,083

Washington

170,806 167,118 175,121 167,694 226,515 479,283 165,708 163,861 149,132

West Virginia

37,548 36,204 37,335 39,269 38,127 72,955 34,658 31,713 29,736

Wisconsin

122,749 134,415 146,144 125,013 134,817 346,821 117,841 121,780 112,350

Wyoming

16,697 19,893 18,687 18,518 20,365 35,787 14,768 15,116 16,576

California had the largest number of job losses for the quarter ending March 2021, with a loss of 833,574 jobs. Other states with a loss of greater than 300,000 jobs were Texas, Florida and New York. These resulted in net gains of 248,054 jobs in California, 109,070 jobs in New York, 86,493 jobs in Florida, and 84,388 jobs in Texas. In addition to California and New York, other states with a net gain in jobs greater than 100,000 were Michigan, Illinois, and Minnesota.

These data are from the Business Employment Dynamics program and are seasonally adjusted. For more information, see "Business Employment Dynamics — First Quarter 2021." Also see charts related to the latest "Business Employment Dynamics" news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Job gains and losses by state from March 2019 to March 2021 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/job-gains-and-losses-by-state-from-march-2019-to-march-2021.htm (visited October 03, 2022).

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