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72 industries in mining and manufacturing had declines in both output and hours worked in 2020

May 18, 2021

Seventy-two of 90 industries in mining and manufacturing had declines in both output and hours worked in 2020. This was the largest number of industries with decreases in both measures since 2009. Within these 72 industries, 35 had increasing labor productivity (output per hour). Overall, labor productivity rose in 42 of the 90 mining and manufacturing industries studied in 2020, an increase from 2019.

 Percent change from 2019 to 2020 in hours worked, output, and labor productivity in manufacturing and mining industries
Industry Hours worked Output Labor productivity

Footwear

-12.2% 0.6% 14.5%

Cut and sew apparel

-17.1 -6.6 12.7

Sawmills and wood preservation

-10.2 0.8 12.2

Seafood product preparation and packaging

-8.5 1.3 10.7

Turbine and power transmission equipment

-18.2 -9.7 10.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

-9.7 -0.8 9.9

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

-16.3 -10.0 7.5

Motor vehicles

-23.7 -18.4 7.0

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

-6.0 0.5 6.9

Ship and boat building

-12.7 -7.0 6.6

Agricultural chemicals

-7.8 -2.8 5.3

Other chemical products and preparations

-10.8 -6.3 5.0

Cutlery and handtools

-7.7 -3.3 4.7

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

-5.4 -1.3 4.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

-10.6 -7.2 3.8

Household appliances

-1.8 1.7 3.5

Other wood products

-7.7 -4.5 3.5

Oil and gas extraction

-8.7 -5.6 3.4

Electronic instruments

-3.5 -0.3 3.3

Fabric mills

-9.7 -7.0 3.1

Beverages

-1.5 1.5 3.1

Apparel knitting mills

-14.0 -11.4 3.0

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

-13.8 -11.4 2.9

Other nonmetallic mineral products

-5.4 -3.1 2.4

Alumina and aluminum production

-10.7 -8.7 2.2

Lime and gypsum products

-5.7 -3.7 2.2

Printing and related support activities

-12.7 -10.9 2.0

Plastics products

-6.6 -5.0 1.7

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

-5.3 -3.8 1.6

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

0.4 2.1 1.6

Sugar and confectionery products

-2.8 -1.3 1.6

Other transportation equipment

-3.8 -2.4 1.5

Clay products and refractories

-1.9 -0.8 1.1

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

-2.3 -1.4 0.9

Other fabricated metal products

-7.8 -7.1 0.8

Petroleum and coal products

-16.2 -15.5 0.8

Dairy products

-1.1 -0.3 0.8

Other food products

-4.2 -3.5 0.7

Audio and video equipment

-4.2 -3.5 0.6

Glass and glass products

-5.7 -5.1 0.6

Bakeries and tortilla products

-3.7 -3.3 0.4

Spring and wire products

-8.5 -8.2 0.3

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

-8.1 -8.4 -0.2

Commercial and service industry machinery

-8.1 -8.3 -0.2

Foundries

-12.2 -12.7 -0.6

Medical equipment and supplies

-7.1 -8.0 -1.0

Metalworking machinery

-15.7 -16.7 -1.2

Plywood and engineered wood products

-1.1 -2.3 -1.2

Grain and oilseed milling

0.3 -0.9 -1.3

Accessories and other apparel

-5.8 -7.2 -1.5

Railroad rolling stock

-0.4 -2.0 -1.6

Architectural and structural metals

-3.6 -5.2 -1.6

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

-0.5 -2.1 -1.6

Cement and concrete products

-6.1 -7.9 -1.9

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

-1.4 -3.4 -2.0

Semiconductors and electronic components

2.5 0.3 -2.2

Basic chemicals

-2.8 -4.9 -2.2

Other furniture related products

-3.9 -6.1 -2.3

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

-10.8 -12.8 -2.3

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

-12.7 -14.8 -2.4

Other electrical equipment and components

-6.0 -8.4 -2.6

Industrial machinery

0.5 -2.3 -2.8

Animal slaughtering and processing

2.5 -0.3 -2.8

Household and institutional furniture

-5.9 -8.7 -2.9

Electrical equipment

-6.6 -9.6 -3.1

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

0.5 -2.6 -3.1

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

1.4 -2.1 -3.5

Converted paper products

1.2 -2.4 -3.5

Other textile product mills

-5.9 -9.4 -3.7

Coal mining

-21.8 -24.7 -3.8

Steel products from purchased steel

-11.5 -15.1 -4.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

-3.0 -7.1 -4.3

Forging and stamping

-8.0 -12.2 -4.5

Other general purpose machinery

-6.9 -11.2 -4.6

Hardware

-5.7 -10.3 -4.9

Electric lighting equipment

-2.6 -7.5 -5.0

Aerospace products and parts

-9.0 -13.8 -5.2

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

-9.9 -15.5 -6.2

Other nonferrous metal production

-10.9 -16.7 -6.5

Metal ore mining

-2.4 -8.9 -6.7

Textile furnishings mills

-2.0 -8.8 -6.9

Tobacco

5.1 -2.6 -7.3

Other leather products

6.6 -1.3 -7.4

Machine shops and threaded products

-11.7 -19.8 -9.2

Communications equipment

8.6 -1.7 -9.5

Animal food

9.8 -0.7 -9.6

Motor vehicle parts

-11.3 -20.1 -9.9

Rubber products

-7.6 -16.9 -10.1

Textile and fabric finishing mills

-2.7 -13.4 -11.0

Office furniture and fixtures

-9.9 -23.2 -14.7

Productivity declined in 2020 in 3 out of 4 mining industries. The largest decline occurred in the metal and ore mining industry with a decrease of 6.7 percent. Labor productivity rose by 3.4 percent in the oil and gas extraction industry as hours worked declined more than output.

For manufacturing industries, the footwear industry had the largest productivity gain with an increase of 14.5 percent. The office furniture and fixtures industry had the largest decline in productivity with a decrease of 14.7 percent.

These data are from the Labor Productivity and Costs program. Data are preliminary and may be revised. To learn more, see "Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries — 2020." To learn more about labor productivity, see Productivity 101. We also have more charts related to this news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, 72 industries in mining and manufacturing had declines in both output and hours worked in 2020 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/72-industries-in-mining-and-manufacturing-had-declines-in-both-output-and-hours-worked-in-2020.htm (visited September 17, 2021).

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