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Real hourly earnings up 7.5 percent for year ending April 2020, reflecting loss of lower-paying jobs

May 18, 2020

Real average hourly earnings for all employees on nonfarm payrolls increased 7.5 percent from April 2019 to April 2020. The change in real average hourly earnings combined with a decrease of 0.6 percent in the average workweek resulted in a 6.9-percent increase in real average weekly earnings over this period. The increase in real average hourly and weekly earnings largely reflects the substantial job loss in April among lower-paid workers. The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4 percent for the year ending April 2020.

12-month percent change in real average hourly and weekly earnings, private sector employees, seasonally adjusted, April 2010–April 2020
Month All employees, real average hourly earnings All employees, real average weekly earnings Consumer Price Index-All Urban Consumers Production and nonsupervisory employees, real average hourly earnings Production and nonsupervisory employees, real average weekly earnings Consumer Price Index-Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers

Apr 2010

-0.5% 0.5% 2.2% -0.4% 0.4% 2.9%

May 2010

0.0 0.8 2.0 0.0 1.2 2.6

Jun 2010

0.7 1.9 1.1 1.0 2.0 1.4

Jul 2010

0.5 1.4 1.3 0.8 1.7 1.7

Aug 2010

0.6 1.8 1.2 0.9 2.2 1.4

Sep 2010

0.8 1.9 1.1 0.8 2.0 1.4

Oct 2010

0.8 2.2 1.2 1.0 2.5 1.4

Nov 2010

0.6 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.3

Dec 2010

0.3 1.5 1.4 0.3 1.3 1.7

Jan 2011

0.3 0.6 1.7 0.3 0.7 1.9

Feb 2011

-0.2 1.2 2.1 -0.2 0.9 2.4

Mar 2011

-0.8 0.1 2.6 -0.8 -0.2 3.0

Apr 2011

-1.1 -0.3 3.1 -1.3 -0.8 3.5

May 2011

-1.4 -0.8 3.5 -1.8 -1.2 4.0

Jun 2011

-1.3 -0.7 3.5 -1.9 -1.0 4.0

Jul 2011

-1.3 -0.4 3.6 -1.7 -0.8 4.0

Aug 2011

-1.7 -1.4 3.8 -2.2 -2.2 4.2

Sep 2011

-1.8 -1.5 3.8 -2.2 -2.0 4.3

Oct 2011

-1.3 -1.1 3.5 -2.0 -1.4 3.9

Nov 2011

-1.4 -0.8 3.5 -2.0 -1.7 3.9

Dec 2011

-1.1 -0.8 3.1 -1.5 -0.9 3.4

Jan 2012

-1.3 -0.4 3.0 -1.7 -0.6 3.2

Feb 2012

-1.2 -0.5 2.9 -1.7 -1.1 3.2

Mar 2012

-0.4 -0.1 2.6 -1.1 -0.5 2.8

Apr 2012

-0.2 0.1 2.3 -0.7 -0.4 2.4

May 2012

0.0 0.3 1.7 -0.3 -0.3 1.7

Jun 2012

0.3 0.6 1.7 0.0 0.3 1.6

Jul 2012

0.3 0.4 1.4 0.1 0.1 1.3

Aug 2012

0.2 0.4 1.7 -0.2 0.0 1.6

Sep 2012

0.0 0.0 1.9 -0.3 -0.1 1.9

Oct 2012

-0.7 -0.6 2.2 -1.0 -1.3 2.2

Nov 2012

0.2 0.1 1.8 -0.2 -0.3 1.7

Dec 2012

0.5 0.8 1.8 0.0 0.3 1.7

Jan 2013

0.6 0.3 1.7 0.1 -0.4 1.6

Feb 2013

0.1 0.1 2.0 0.1 0.3 2.0

Mar 2013

0.4 0.7 1.5 0.6 0.8 1.4

Apr 2013

0.9 0.6 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9

May 2013

0.7 1.0 1.4 0.6 0.9 1.3

Jun 2013

0.4 0.7 1.7 0.3 0.3 1.7

Jul 2013

0.2 0.1 1.9 0.1 -0.5 1.9

Aug 2013

0.7 1.0 1.5 0.7 0.7 1.5

Sep 2013

1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 0.9

Oct 2013

1.4 1.4 0.9 1.7 1.6 0.7

Nov 2013

1.0 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.1

Dec 2013

0.4 0.0 1.5 0.7 0.1 1.5

Jan 2014

0.3 0.3 1.6 0.7 0.4 1.6

Feb 2014

1.2 0.6 1.1 1.5 0.4 1.0

Mar 2014

0.5 0.5 1.6 0.8 0.6 1.5

Apr 2014

-0.1 0.2 2.0 0.3 0.3 2.0

May 2014

0.0 0.0 2.2 0.3 0.3 2.1

Jun 2014

-0.1 -0.1 2.1 0.2 0.2 2.0

Jul 2014

0.1 0.4 2.0 0.3 1.0 1.9

Aug 2014

0.5 0.7 1.7 0.8 1.2 1.6

Sep 2014

0.4 0.7 1.7 0.6 0.6 1.6

Oct 2014

0.4 1.0 1.6 0.8 1.1 1.4

Nov 2014

0.8 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.0

Dec 2014

1.3 1.9 0.7 1.6 2.2 0.2

Jan 2015

2.3 2.7 -0.2 3.0 3.9 -0.9

Feb 2015

2.0 2.9 -0.1 2.1 3.4 -0.7

Mar 2015

2.2 2.2 0.0 2.5 2.5 -0.6

Apr 2015

2.4 2.4 -0.1 2.7 2.4 -0.7

May 2015

2.2 2.3 0.0 2.7 2.4 -0.5

Jun 2015

2.0 2.0 0.2 2.5 2.4 -0.3

Jul 2015

1.8 1.9 0.2 2.3 2.3 -0.2

Aug 2015

1.9 1.7 0.2 2.3 2.2 -0.2

Sep 2015

2.2 2.2 0.0 2.8 2.7 -0.6

Oct 2015

2.4 2.4 0.1 2.7 2.8 -0.4

Nov 2015

1.9 1.7 0.4 2.1 1.9 0.0

Dec 2015

1.9 1.6 0.6 2.3 2.3 0.3

Jan 2016

1.2 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.1

Feb 2016

1.5 1.2 0.9 2.1 1.4 0.5

Mar 2016

1.5 1.3 0.9 2.0 1.7 0.5

Apr 2016

1.4 1.2 1.1 1.8 1.8 0.8

May 2016

1.4 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.6 0.7

Jun 2016

1.5 1.2 1.0 1.8 1.5 0.7

Jul 2016

1.9 1.6 0.9 2.2 1.8 0.5

Aug 2016

1.4 0.8 1.1 1.8 1.5 0.7

Sep 2016

1.1 0.8 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.3

Oct 2016

1.0 0.5 1.6 1.0 0.6 1.4

Nov 2016

1.0 0.4 1.7 1.0 0.7 1.5

Dec 2016

0.6 0.0 2.1 0.4 -0.5 2.0

Jan 2017

0.1 -0.5 2.5 -0.1 -0.4 2.5

Feb 2017

0.0 -0.6 2.7 -0.4 -0.4 2.8

Mar 2017

0.2 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 -0.4 2.4

Apr 2017

0.3 0.3 2.2 0.1 0.4 2.1

May 2017

0.7 0.6 1.9 0.5 0.5 1.8

Jun 2017

0.8 0.8 1.7 0.8 1.1 1.5

Jul 2017

0.8 0.8 1.8 0.7 0.9 1.7

Aug 2017

0.6 0.9 2.0 0.4 0.3 2.0

Sep 2017

0.7 0.6 2.2 0.2 0.3 2.3

Oct 2017

0.3 0.3 2.0 0.1 0.4 2.1

Nov 2017

0.2 0.8 2.2 0.0 0.6 2.3

Dec 2017

0.6 1.2 2.1 0.3 0.9 2.2

Jan 2018

0.6 0.6 2.1 0.3 0.3 2.2

Feb 2018

0.3 0.9 2.2 0.1 0.7 2.3

Mar 2018

0.5 1.0 2.3 0.3 1.0 2.4

Apr 2018

0.5 0.7 2.4 0.2 0.6 2.5

May 2018

0.1 0.5 2.8 0.0 0.6 2.9

Jun 2018

0.1 0.6 2.9 -0.2 0.1 3.1

Jul 2018

-0.1 0.2 2.9 -0.3 0.0 3.1

Aug 2018

0.6 0.8 2.7 0.1 0.8 2.9

Sep 2018

0.7 0.9 2.4 0.5 0.8 2.4

Oct 2018

0.7 1.1 2.5 0.5 0.6 2.7

Nov 2018

1.2 0.9 2.2 1.3 1.0 2.2

Dec 2018

1.4 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8

Jan 2019

1.8 2.0 1.5 2.1 2.7 1.3

Feb 2019

2.1 1.7 1.5 2.3 1.6 1.3

Mar 2019

1.6 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8

Apr 2019

1.3 1.0 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.9

May 2019

1.5 1.2 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.7

Jun 2019

1.7 1.1 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.5

Jul 2019

1.6 1.0 1.8 1.9 1.0 1.7

Aug 2019

1.7 1.4 1.7 2.2 1.6 1.5

Sep 2019

1.3 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.5

Oct 2019

1.5 1.1 1.8 2.2 1.9 1.6

Nov 2019

1.2 0.9 2.0 1.5 1.0 1.9

Dec 2019

0.7 0.1 2.3 0.9 0.6 2.3

Jan 2020

0.5 0.0 2.5 0.9 0.2 2.5

Feb 2020

0.6 0.7 2.3 1.0 1.3 2.3

Mar 2020[p]

1.6 0.6 1.5 1.9 1.1 1.4

Apr 2020[p]

7.5 6.9 0.4 7.6 6.9 0.1

[p] = real average hourly and weekly earnings data are preliminary.

Real average hourly earnings for production and nonsupervisory employees increased 7.6 percent from April 2019 to April 2020. The change in real average hourly earnings combined with a decrease of 0.6 percent in the average workweek resulted in a 6.9-percent increase in real average weekly earnings over this period. The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.1 percent for the year ending April 2020.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics and Consumer Price Index programs and are seasonally adjusted. Real earnings data for the most recent two months are preliminary. To learn more, see "Real Earnings — April 2020." The Consumer Price Index is used to adjust earnings estimates for inflation. Production and nonsupervisory data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Real hourly earnings up 7.5 percent for year ending April 2020, reflecting loss of lower-paying jobs on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/real-hourly-earnings-up-7-point-5-percent-for-year-ending-april-2020-reflecting-loss-of-lower-paying-jobs.htm (visited June 05, 2020).

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