Over the last 10 years, employment in service-providing industries in all states exceeded employment in goods-producing industries such as construction and manufacturing. The ratio of employment in service-providing industries to goods-producing industries shows how much a state's economy relies on service-providing industries such as leisure and hospitality, professional and business services, and education and health services.
Among states in September 2017, Hawaii had the highest ratio of employment in service-providing industries to goods-producing industries (11.9). New York was the only other state with a ratio greater than 10.0, at 10.8. In the District of Columbia, employment in service-providing industries was 48.7 times that in goods-producing industries.
Indiana had the lowest ratio of employment in service-providing industries to goods-producing industries in September 2017, at 3.7. In September 2007, the ratio for Indiana was 3.2. This was its lowest over the last 10 years and lowest among all states over that period.
These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary and subject to revision. To learn more, see “State Employment and Unemployment — September 2017” (HTML) (PDF).
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Hawaii has highest ratio of service-providing jobs to goods-producing jobs in September 2017 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2017/hawaii-has-highest-ratio-of-service-providing-jobs-to-goods-producing-jobs-in-september-2017.htm (visited December 09, 2023).