Large variation in union membership by State
July 22, 1999
The rate of union membership varied greatly across the States in 1998. At the high end, the rate was nearly twice the national average, while at the low end, the membership rate was less than one-third of the national average.
Among all employed nonagricultural wage-and-salary workers in the United States, 13.9 percent were union members in 1998. The State with the highest unionization rate was Hawaii, at 26.5 percent. The lowest membership rate—4.2 percent—occurred in North Carolina.
The 1998 union membership data are from the Current Population Survey. The membership data refer to workers in both the public and private sectors. Find more information on union membership by State in "Regional Trends,"Monthly Labor Review, June 1999.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Large variation in union membership by State on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/1999/jul/wk3/art04.htm (visited January 16, 2017).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
Workplace injuries and illnesses and employer costs for workers’ compensation
Workplace injury and illness data and the costs to employers for workers’ compensation in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.
A look at the future of the U.S. labor force to 2060
Projected long-term trends in the growth, size, and composition of the labor force.
Union membership in the United States
Historical trends in union membership among employed wage and salary workers; union membership by a variety of demographic characteristics.
A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
Spending on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.
Self-employment in the United States
Trends in self-employment by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, including both the unincorporated and the incorporated self-employed, as well as data on paid employees who work for the self-employed.