State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 20, 2018	                               USDL-18-0590

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov   *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in March in 4 states, higher in 1 state, and stable in 45 states and
the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seventeen states had 
jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 33 states and the District had little or no change. 
The national unemployment rate was unchanged from February at 4.1 percent but was 0.4 percentage 
point lower than in March 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 2 states in March 2018 and was essentially unchanged in 48 
states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 24 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 26 
states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in March, 2.1 percent. The rates in Kentucky (4.0 percent) 
and Maine (2.7 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the 
highest jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 17 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. 
figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states had 
rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In March, four states had unemployment rate decreases: Maine and New Mexico (-0.2 percentage point
each) and Ohio and Wyoming (-0.1 point each). The only over-the-month rate increase was in 
Maryland (+0.1 percentage point). The remaining 45 states and the District of Columbia had jobless 
rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that 
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Seventeen states had unemployment rate changes from March 2017, all of which were decreases. The 
largest declines occurred in Alabama, Kentucky, and Louisiana (-1.2 percentage points each). (See 
table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Two states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in March 2018: Texas 
(+32,000, or +0.3 percent) and Utah (+6,300, or +0.4 percent). (See table 3.)

Twenty-four states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in March. The largest 
job gains occurred in California (+321,000), Texas (+294,100), and Florida (+173,100). The largest 
percentage gains occurred in Idaho and Utah (+3.3 percent each), followed by Nevada (+2.9 percent).
(See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, May 2, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment
news release for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 18, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., March 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           3.0
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Indiana .............................|           3.2
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           2.7
                                     |
Michigan ............................|           4.7
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           5.6
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.8
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
                                     |
Tennessee ...........................|           3.4
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.4
Washington ..........................|           4.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2017 to March 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   March   |    March  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2018(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.0   |     3.8   |      -1.2
California .....................|     5.0   |     4.3   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     4.4   |     3.9   |       -.5
Georgia ........................|     5.0   |     4.4   |       -.6
Hawaii .........................|     2.6   |     2.1   |       -.5
Idaho ..........................|     3.3   |     2.9   |       -.4
Iowa ...........................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.0   |      -1.2
Louisiana ......................|     5.6   |     4.4   |      -1.2
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
Mississippi ....................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
New Mexico .....................|     6.3   |     5.6   |       -.7
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.4   |       -.7
Tennessee ......................|     4.2   |     3.4   |       -.8
Texas ..........................|     4.6   |     4.0   |       -.6
Vermont ........................|     3.1   |     2.8   |       -.3
Virginia .......................|     3.9   |     3.4   |       -.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2017 to March 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    March    |    March    |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,755,300 |   2,818,600 |      63,300 |      2.3
California ...................|  16,724,800 |  17,045,800 |     321,000 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,645,600 |   2,707,800 |      62,200 |      2.4
Florida ......................|   8,543,700 |   8,716,800 |     173,100 |      2.0
Georgia ......................|   4,436,100 |   4,501,300 |      65,200 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     710,800 |     734,000 |      23,200 |      3.3
Massachusetts ................|   3,599,100 |   3,640,900 |      41,800 |      1.2
Michigan .....................|   4,363,000 |   4,424,300 |      61,300 |      1.4
Missouri .....................|   2,865,700 |   2,894,200 |      28,500 |      1.0
Nevada .......................|   1,334,400 |   1,373,700 |      39,300 |      2.9
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,113,200 |   4,180,300 |      67,100 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,489,400 |   9,602,700 |     113,300 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,398,700 |   4,472,000 |      73,300 |      1.7
Ohio .........................|   5,524,800 |   5,579,200 |      54,400 |      1.0
Oklahoma .....................|   1,654,500 |   1,682,400 |      27,900 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,865,600 |   1,906,600 |      41,000 |      2.2
Pennsylvania .................|   5,920,600 |   6,004,600 |      84,000 |      1.4
South Carolina ...............|   2,087,200 |   2,122,800 |      35,600 |      1.7
Tennessee ....................|   3,000,300 |   3,049,300 |      49,000 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,169,600 |  12,463,700 |     294,100 |      2.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Utah .........................|   1,458,300 |   1,506,300 |      48,000 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,947,700 |   3,987,200 |      39,500 |      1.0
Washington ...................|   3,302,000 |   3,393,600 |      91,600 |      2.8
Wisconsin ....................|   2,944,200 |   2,973,900 |      29,700 |      1.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: April 20, 2018