State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 19, 2018                       USDL-18-1662

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in September in 9 states, higher in 4 states, and stable 
in 37 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Sixteen states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 34 states and 
the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate declined by 0.2 
percentage point from August to 3.7 percent and was 0.5 percentage point lower than in 
September 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 3 states in September 2018, increased in 1, and 
was essentially unchanged in 46 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 37 
states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 13 states and the District were essentially 
unchanged.

   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |                           Hurricane Florence                              |
  |                                                                           |
  | Hurricane Florence affected parts of the East Coast during the September  |
  | reference periods for the establishment and household surveys. Response   |
  | rates for the two surveys were within normal ranges both nationally and   |
  | for the affected areas. Information on how unusually severe weather       |
  | affects the employment and hours estimates can be found in the Frequently |
  | Asked Questions section of the Employment Situation news release at       |
  | www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.faq.htm.                                  |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|


Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.2 percent. The rates in Arkansas 
(3.5 percent), California (4.1 percent), Idaho (2.7 percent), South Carolina (3.3 percent), 
Texas (3.8 percent), and Washington (4.4 percent) set new series lows. (All state series 
begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.5 percent. In total, 13 states had 
unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.7 percent, 12 states and the District 
of Columbia had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably different 
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In September, nine states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were in 
Alaska, Florida, and Oklahoma (-0.2 percentage point each). Four states had over-the-month 
rate increases: Colorado and Wyoming (+0.2 percentage point each) and Maine and North 
Dakota (+0.1 point each). The remaining 37 states and the District of Columbia had jobless 
rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had 
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Sixteen states had unemployment rate changes from September 2017, all of which were 
decreases. The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.4 percentage points). 
(See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Three states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in September 
2018: North Carolina (-21,900), South Carolina (-14,500), and Kansas (-6,900). In 
percentage terms, the largest decrease occurred in South Carolina (-0.7 percent), 
followed by Kansas and North Carolina (-0.5 percent each). Georgia added jobs over the 
month (+15,300, or +0.3 percent). (See table 3.)

Thirty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
September. The largest job gains occurred in Florida (+407,300), Texas (+406,400), and 
California (+339,600). The largest percentage gain occurred in Florida (+4.8 percent), 
followed by Utah (+3.6 percent) and Texas (+3.3 percent). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, November 16, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., September 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.5
Arizona .............................|           4.7
California ..........................|           4.1
Colorado ............................|           3.1
District of Columbia ................|           5.7
Hawaii ..............................|           2.2
Idaho ...............................|           2.7
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Kentucky ............................|           4.5
Louisiana ...........................|           5.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           2.8
Mississippi .........................|           4.8
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.5
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Mexico ..........................|           4.6
New York ............................|           4.1
North Dakota ........................|           2.7
Ohio ................................|           4.6
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
                                     |
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           2.9
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.4
West Virginia .......................|           5.2
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2018 to September 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   August  | September |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     6.7   |     6.5   |      -0.2
Colorado .......................|     2.9   |     3.1   |        .2
Florida ........................|     3.7   |     3.5   |       -.2
Georgia ........................|     3.8   |     3.7   |       -.1
Idaho ..........................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Maine ..........................|     3.2   |     3.3   |        .1
Michigan .......................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
New York .......................|     4.2   |     4.1   |       -.1
North Carolina .................|     3.9   |     3.8   |       -.1
North Dakota ...................|     2.6   |     2.7   |        .1
                                |           |           |
Oklahoma .......................|     3.7   |     3.5   |       -.2
Washington .....................|     4.5   |     4.4   |       -.1
Wyoming ........................|     3.9   |     4.1   |        .2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2017 to September 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              | September | September |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.5   |      -0.7
California .....................|     4.5   |     4.1   |       -.4
Delaware .......................|     4.5   |     4.0   |       -.5
Georgia ........................|     4.5   |     3.7   |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     5.0   |     4.1   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.0   |     2.5   |       -.5
Michigan .......................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
Minnesota ......................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
New Mexico .....................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.1   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
North Carolina .................|     4.4   |     3.8   |       -.6
Oklahoma .......................|     4.1   |     3.5   |       -.6
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.3   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     3.4   |     3.0   |       -.4
Virginia .......................|     3.6   |     2.9   |       -.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2017 to September 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  September  |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,018,400 |   2,044,200 |      25,800 |      1.3
Arizona ......................|   2,795,200 |   2,876,600 |      81,400 |      2.9
California ...................|  16,863,300 |  17,202,900 |     339,600 |      2.0
Colorado .....................|   2,670,900 |   2,748,100 |      77,200 |      2.9
Connecticut ..................|   1,681,400 |   1,701,300 |      19,900 |      1.2
Delaware .....................|     455,600 |     463,600 |       8,000 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,435,100 |   8,842,400 |     407,300 |      4.8
Georgia ......................|   4,459,100 |   4,570,200 |     111,100 |      2.5
Hawaii .......................|     653,000 |     664,600 |      11,600 |      1.8
Idaho ........................|     719,700 |     738,900 |      19,200 |      2.7
                              |             |             |             |       
Illinois .....................|   6,074,600 |   6,124,900 |      50,300 |       .8
Iowa .........................|   1,572,500 |   1,590,100 |      17,600 |      1.1
Kansas .......................|   1,404,300 |   1,423,900 |      19,600 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,614,000 |   3,677,400 |      63,400 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,375,900 |   4,439,200 |      63,300 |      1.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,934,600 |   2,972,800 |      38,200 |      1.3
Mississippi ..................|   1,149,800 |   1,170,100 |      20,300 |      1.8
Missouri .....................|   2,871,500 |   2,910,800 |      39,300 |      1.4
Nebraska .....................|   1,016,800 |   1,034,200 |      17,400 |      1.7
Nevada .......................|   1,350,600 |   1,394,100 |      43,500 |      3.2
                              |             |             |             |       
New Hampshire ................|     674,500 |     689,400 |      14,900 |      2.2
New Jersey ...................|   4,137,900 |   4,195,900 |      58,000 |      1.4
New Mexico ...................|     829,300 |     850,500 |      21,200 |      2.6
New York .....................|   9,545,200 |   9,640,500 |      95,300 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,422,400 |   4,504,700 |      82,300 |      1.9
Ohio .........................|   5,534,300 |   5,638,900 |     104,600 |      1.9
Oklahoma .....................|   1,666,900 |   1,700,900 |      34,000 |      2.0
Oregon .......................|   1,879,400 |   1,922,600 |      43,200 |      2.3
Pennsylvania .................|   5,956,900 |   6,035,600 |      78,700 |      1.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,085,400 |   2,113,000 |      27,600 |      1.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   3,016,900 |   3,080,800 |      63,900 |      2.1
Texas ........................|  12,232,100 |  12,638,500 |     406,400 |      3.3
Utah .........................|   1,475,500 |   1,527,900 |      52,400 |      3.6
Virginia .....................|   3,956,800 |   4,025,200 |      68,400 |      1.7
Washington ...................|   3,339,300 |   3,444,500 |     105,200 |      3.2
Wisconsin ....................|   2,943,500 |   2,985,200 |      41,700 |      1.4
Wyoming ......................|     282,200 |     288,500 |       6,300 |      2.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: October 19, 2018