State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 17, 2018                 	USDL-18-1317

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in July in 11 states, higher in 2 states, and stable 
in 37 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Ten states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 40 
states and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate 
edged down by 0.1 percentage point from June to 3.9 percent and was 0.4 point 
lower than in July 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 6 states in July 2018, decreased in 1 
state, and was essentially unchanged in 43 states and the District of Columbia. 
Over the year, 34 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 16 states and the District 
were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.1 percent. The rate in Oregon 
(3.9 percent) set a new series low. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had 
the highest jobless rate, 6.9 percent. In total, 15 states had unemployment rates 
lower than the U.S. figure of 3.9 percent, 10 states and the District of Columbia 
had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably different from 
that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In July, 11 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were in 
Alaska, Georgia, New Mexico, New York, and South Carolina (-0.2 percentage point 
each). Two states had over-the-month rate increases: Louisiana (+0.2 percentage 
point) and Maine (+0.1 point). The remaining 37 states and the District of Columbia 
had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table B.)

Ten states had unemployment rate changes from July 2017, all of which were 
decreases. The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.4 percentage points). 
(See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Six states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in July 
2018. The largest increases occurred in California (+46,700), Florida (+27,400), 
and New Jersey (+13,000). In percentage terms, the largest increase occurred in 
Nevada (+0.7 percent), followed by Minnesota and Washington (+0.4 percent each). 
Vermont lost jobs over the month (-2,200, or -0.7 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Thirty-four states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
July. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+377,100), California (+332,700), 
and Florida (+210,600). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.5 percent),
followed by Idaho and Nevada (+3.4 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 29, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, September 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., July 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)       
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.9
                                     |              
Alaska ..............................|           6.9
Arizona .............................|           4.6
Colorado ............................|           2.8
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.6
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Louisiana ...........................|           4.9
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |              
Minnesota ...........................|           3.0
Mississippi .........................|           4.8
Nebraska ............................|           2.9
Nevada ..............................|           4.6
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Mexico ..........................|           4.7
New York ............................|           4.3
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.6
South Dakota ........................|           3.1
                                     |              
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.1
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.



Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from June 2018 to July 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |                
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month 
             State              |    June   |    July   |    change(p)   
                                |    2018   |   2018(p) |                
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.1   |     6.9   |      -0.2
Georgia ........................|     4.1   |     3.9   |       -.2
Louisiana ......................|     4.7   |     4.9   |        .2
Maine ..........................|     2.9   |     3.0   |        .1
Montana ........................|     3.8   |     3.7   |       -.1
Nevada .........................|     4.7   |     4.6   |       -.1
New Mexico .....................|     4.9   |     4.7   |       -.2
New York .......................|     4.5   |     4.3   |       -.2
North Carolina .................|     4.2   |     4.1   |       -.1
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.3   |     4.2   |       -.1
                                |           |           |          
South Carolina .................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
South Dakota ...................|     3.2   |     3.1   |       -.1
Virginia .......................|     3.2   |     3.1   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from July 2017 to July 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |                
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year 
             State              |    July   |    July   |    change(p)   
                                |    2017   |   2018(p) |                
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.7   |     4.2   |      -0.5
Delaware .......................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Georgia ........................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
Iowa ...........................|     3.1   |     2.6   |       -.5
New Mexico .....................|     6.1   |     4.7   |      -1.4
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.3   |       -.4
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.2   |       -.6
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.6   |       -.6
Virginia .......................|     3.7   |     3.1   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
June 2018 to July 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)  
           State              |     June    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |   Percent   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  17,112,700 |  17,159,400 |      46,700 |      0.3
Florida ......................|   8,773,300 |   8,800,700 |      27,400 |       .3
Minnesota ....................|   2,965,600 |   2,976,800 |      11,200 |       .4
Nevada .......................|   1,379,900 |   1,389,400 |       9,500 |       .7
New Jersey ...................|   4,187,500 |   4,200,500 |      13,000 |       .3
Vermont ......................|     315,600 |     313,400 |      -2,200 |      -.7
Washington ...................|   3,418,800 |   3,431,200 |      12,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2017 to July 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)   
           State              |     July    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,014,800 |   2,037,800 |      23,000 |      1.1
Arizona ......................|   2,778,900 |   2,840,000 |      61,100 |      2.2
California ...................|  16,826,700 |  17,159,400 |     332,700 |      2.0
Colorado .....................|   2,659,600 |   2,737,300 |      77,700 |      2.9
Florida ......................|   8,590,100 |   8,800,700 |     210,600 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,453,300 |   4,536,500 |      83,200 |      1.9
Hawaii .......................|     651,800 |     664,500 |      12,700 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     715,700 |     740,000 |      24,300 |      3.4
Illinois .....................|   6,063,200 |   6,128,900 |      65,700 |      1.1
Iowa .........................|   1,572,500 |   1,591,500 |      19,000 |      1.2
                              |             |             |             |         
Kansas .......................|   1,403,200 |   1,426,600 |      23,400 |      1.7
Massachusetts ................|   3,613,300 |   3,680,100 |      66,800 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,364,300 |   4,430,600 |      66,300 |      1.5
Minnesota ....................|   2,933,700 |   2,976,800 |      43,100 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,869,700 |   2,904,400 |      34,700 |      1.2
Nebraska .....................|   1,015,600 |   1,033,100 |      17,500 |      1.7
Nevada .......................|   1,343,400 |   1,389,400 |      46,000 |      3.4
New Hampshire ................|     674,800 |     687,600 |      12,800 |      1.9
New Jersey ...................|   4,125,000 |   4,200,500 |      75,500 |      1.8
New Mexico ...................|     829,400 |     842,800 |      13,400 |      1.6
                              |             |             |             |         
New York .....................|   9,525,400 |   9,642,400 |     117,000 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,422,000 |   4,528,900 |     106,900 |      2.4
Ohio .........................|   5,533,900 |   5,616,100 |      82,200 |      1.5
Oklahoma .....................|   1,662,800 |   1,692,300 |      29,500 |      1.8
Oregon .......................|   1,874,200 |   1,921,900 |      47,700 |      2.5
Pennsylvania .................|   5,948,600 |   6,020,500 |      71,900 |      1.2
Rhode Island .................|     494,600 |     503,800 |       9,200 |      1.9
South Carolina ...............|   2,094,200 |   2,129,000 |      34,800 |      1.7
Tennessee ....................|   3,011,200 |   3,067,500 |      56,300 |      1.9
Texas ........................|  12,219,600 |  12,596,700 |     377,100 |      3.1
                              |             |             |             |         
Utah .........................|   1,468,000 |   1,519,100 |      51,100 |      3.5
Virginia .....................|   3,954,800 |   4,017,400 |      62,600 |      1.6
Washington ...................|   3,328,700 |   3,431,200 |     102,500 |      3.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,946,200 |   2,985,000 |      38,800 |      1.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: August 17, 2018