State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 16, 2019					USDL-19-1478

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


			STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in July in 6 states, higher in 2 states, and stable in 42 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Three states
had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 1 state had an increase, and 46 states and the
District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate, 3.7 percent, was unchanged 
over the month and little changed from July 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 5 states in July 2019 and was essentially unchanged in
45 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 25 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and
25 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. These data pertain to 
individuals by where they reside. The employment data come from an establishment survey that 
measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on 
payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts
and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.1 percent. The rates in Alabama (3.3 percent),
Arkansas (3.4 percent), Maine (3.0 percent), and New Jersey (3.3 percent) set new series lows.
(All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.3 percent. In total,
14 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.7 percent, 8 states and the 
District of Columbia had higher rates, and 28 states had rates that were not appreciably different
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In July, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were in Alabama, Maine,
and New Jersey (-0.2 percentage point each). Iowa and Wyoming had over-the-month rate increases 
(+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 42 states and the District of Columbia had jobless 
rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Three states had unemployment rate declines from July 2018: New Jersey (-0.7 percentage point),
Vermont (-0.6 point), and Wyoming (-0.5 point). The only unemployment rate increase over the year
occurred in Minnesota (+0.6 percentage point).

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in five states in July 2019. The largest job gains occurred in
Texas (+35,200), Florida (+22,900), and Washington (+13,400). The largest percentage gains occurred
in Utah (+0.7 percent), Idaho (+0.5 percent), and Washington (+0.4 percent). (See tables C and 3.)

Twenty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in July. The largest 
job gains occurred in Texas (+323,300), California (+311,800), and Florida (+227,200). The largest
percentage gains occurred in Nevada and Utah (+3.1 percent each), followed by Washington (+3.0 percent)
and Idaho (+2.8 percent). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, August 28, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment news release
for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 20, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
California ..........................|           4.1
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Louisiana ...........................|           4.3
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
Mississippi .........................|           5.1
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
New Mexico ..........................|           4.9
North Dakota ........................|           2.4
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Utah ................................|           2.8
Vermont .............................|           2.1
Virginia ............................|           2.9
                                     |
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           4.7
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from June 2019 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |    June   |    July   |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |   2019(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.5   |     3.3   |      -0.2
Colorado .......................|     3.0   |     2.9   |       -.1
Georgia ........................|     3.7   |     3.6   |       -.1
Iowa ...........................|     2.4   |     2.5   |        .1
Maine ..........................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
Montana ........................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
New Jersey .....................|     3.5   |     3.3   |       -.2
Wyoming ........................|     3.5   |     3.6   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
June 2019 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |     June    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2019    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Florida ......................|   8,989,100 |   9,012,000 |      22,900 |      0.3
Idaho ........................|     756,500 |     760,600 |       4,100 |       .5
Texas ........................|  12,810,700 |  12,845,900 |      35,200 |       .3
Utah .........................|   1,556,400 |   1,566,600 |      10,200 |       .7
Washington ...................|   3,496,200 |   3,509,600 |      13,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2018 to July 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |     July    |     July    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,044,800 |   2,085,100 |      40,300 |      2.0
Arizona ......................|   2,859,700 |   2,931,900 |      72,200 |      2.5
California ...................|  17,176,800 |  17,488,600 |     311,800 |      1.8
Colorado .....................|   2,734,300 |   2,787,000 |      52,700 |      1.9
Florida ......................|   8,784,800 |   9,012,000 |     227,200 |      2.6
Georgia ......................|   4,542,700 |   4,617,000 |      74,300 |      1.6
Idaho ........................|     740,000 |     760,600 |      20,600 |      2.8
Illinois .....................|   6,123,300 |   6,186,000 |      62,700 |      1.0
Kentucky .....................|   1,931,700 |   1,959,800 |      28,100 |      1.5
Massachusetts ................|   3,641,600 |   3,678,900 |      37,300 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Mississippi ..................|   1,152,700 |   1,171,700 |      19,000 |      1.6
Missouri .....................|   2,892,900 |   2,927,600 |      34,700 |      1.2
Nevada .......................|   1,385,500 |   1,428,900 |      43,400 |      3.1
New Hampshire ................|     680,800 |     691,000 |      10,200 |      1.5
New Jersey ...................|   4,153,700 |   4,202,000 |      48,300 |      1.2
New Mexico ...................|     841,700 |     861,500 |      19,800 |      2.4
New York .....................|   9,684,600 |   9,780,100 |      95,500 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,496,500 |   4,572,200 |      75,700 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,907,800 |   1,944,200 |      36,400 |      1.9
South Carolina ...............|   2,146,100 |   2,179,300 |      33,200 |      1.5
                              |             |             |             |       
South Dakota .................|     438,600 |     447,900 |       9,300 |      2.1
Tennessee ....................|   3,060,500 |   3,115,600 |      55,100 |      1.8
Texas ........................|  12,522,600 |  12,845,900 |     323,300 |      2.6
Utah .........................|   1,519,200 |   1,566,600 |      47,400 |      3.1
Washington ...................|   3,407,200 |   3,509,600 |     102,400 |      3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: August 16, 2019