State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 23, 2018                 USDL-18-0113

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in December in 6 states and the District of Columbia, 
higher in 1 state, and stable in 43 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Twenty-five states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 
2 states had increases, and 23 states and the District had little or no change. The 
national unemployment rate was unchanged from November at 4.1 percent but was 0.6 
percentage point lower than in December 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 10 states in December 2017, decreased in 3 
states, and was essentially unchanged in 37 states and the District of Columbia. Over 
the year, 25 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 25 states and the District were 
essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in December, 2.0 percent. The rates in 
California (4.3 percent), Hawaii (2.0 percent), and Mississippi (4.6 percent) set 
new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless 
rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 16 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. 
figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 
25 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. 
(See tables A and 1.)

   __________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                  |
  |  Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands  |
  |                                                                                  |
  | Response rates for the December 2017 establishment survey were close to average  |
  | in Puerto Rico. As of this release, a sufficient amount of establishment data was|
  | collected to produce final estimates for November and preliminary estimates for  |
  | December. No modifications were made to the estimation process.                  |
  |                                                                                  |
  | The U.S. Virgin Islands was able to produce final estimates of employment, hours,|
  | and earnings for September, October, and November and preliminary estimates for  |
  | December.  Response rates were lower than average in the U.S. Virgin Islands. No |
  | modifications were made to the estimation process.                               |
  |                                                                                  |
  | More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection  |
  | and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.  |
  |__________________________________________________________________________________|


In December, six states and the District of Columbia had unemployment rate decreases, 
the largest of which was in the District (-0.4 percentage point). The only over-the-
month rate increase occurred in Colorado (+0.2 percentage point). The remaining 43 
states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-five states had unemployment rate decreases from December 2016. The largest 
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.8 percentage points and -1.9 points, 
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in Alaska and South Dakota 
(+0.7 percentage point and +0.6 point, respectively). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Ten states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in December 
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in California 
(+52,700), followed by Florida (+27,400) and Oregon (+14,700). In percentage terms, 
the largest increase occurred in Wyoming (+1.1 percent), followed by Montana and 
Oregon (+0.8 percent each). Three states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm 
payroll employment in December: Maryland (-20,200, or -0.7 percent), Arkansas (-6,500,
or -0.5 percent), and New Hampshire (-4,700, or -0.7 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
December. The largest job gains occurred in California (+342,500), Texas (+306,900), 
and Florida (+213,500). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.3 percent), 
followed by Oregon (+2.7 percent) and Utah (+2.6 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, February 6, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages news release is scheduled to 
be released on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for January 2018 is scheduled to be released on Monday, 
March 12, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   _____________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                     |
  |           Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data               |
  |                                                                                     |
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages  |
  | on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for   |
  | the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in   |
  | tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs,  |
  | new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census       |
  | division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally   |
  | adjusting the data will be implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data are  |
  | subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data will be revised |
  | back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available at  |
  | www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.                                                 |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________________|


   ________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                        |
  |               Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data                   |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm    |
  | payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of       |
  | this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.                           |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment      |
  | Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses    |
  | all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal |
  | factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year during the   |
  | annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal adjustment in    |
  | the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm.                 |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data    |
  | beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series   |
  | may be revised back to 1990.                                                           |
  |________________________________________________________________________________________|


   ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                            |
  |           Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System             |
  |                                                                                            |
  | With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment Statistics |
  | (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the 2012 North American|
  | Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for all states and metropolitan   |
  | areas.                                                                                     |
  |                                                                                            |
  | The conversion to 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content and coding  |
  | changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several industry titles and       |
  | descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, and combined industries   |
  | due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking process,  |
  | will be available on March 12, 2018.                                                       |
  |                                                                                            |
  | For more information on the 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.                 |
  |____________________________________________________________________________________________|



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Colorado ............................|           3.1
District of Columbia ................|           6.0
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.8
Indiana .............................|           3.4
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Jersey ..........................|           5.0
New Mexico ..........................|           6.0
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.7
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.2
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.5
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2017 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  November |  December |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.6   |     4.3   |      -0.3
Colorado .......................|     2.9   |     3.1   |        .2
District of Columbia ...........|     6.4   |     6.0   |       -.4
Indiana ........................|     3.7   |     3.4   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
Kentucky .......................|     4.7   |     4.4   |       -.3
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     3.0   |       -.3
Wisconsin ......................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from December 2016 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  December |  December |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.3   |     3.5   |      -2.8
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.3   |        .7
California .....................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.7   |      -1.2
Georgia ........................|     5.5   |     4.4   |      -1.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.0   |       -.9
Idaho ..........................|     3.6   |     2.9   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     5.7   |     4.8   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.5   |     2.8   |       -.7
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.4   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
Louisiana ......................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
Maine ..........................|     3.8   |     3.0   |       -.8
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.1   |       -.9
Mississippi ....................|     5.5   |     4.6   |       -.9
Missouri .......................|     4.4   |     3.5   |       -.9
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.7   |     6.0   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     5.2   |     4.5   |       -.7
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.6   |       -.4
Oklahoma .......................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.4   |     4.7   |       -.7
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     3.2   |      -1.9
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.9   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.1   |     4.5   |       -.6
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.0   |      -1.1
Wyoming ........................|     4.8   |     4.2   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2017 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   November  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .....................|   1,255,100 |   1,248,600 |      -6,500 |     -0.5
California ...................|  16,927,700 |  16,980,400 |      52,700 |       .3
Florida ......................|   8,678,500 |   8,705,900 |      27,400 |       .3
Iowa .........................|   1,593,000 |   1,600,100 |       7,100 |       .4
Kansas .......................|   1,411,500 |   1,416,800 |       5,300 |       .4
Maryland .....................|   2,782,400 |   2,762,200 |     -20,200 |      -.7
Montana ......................|     476,100 |     480,000 |       3,900 |       .8
Nevada .......................|   1,357,500 |   1,365,100 |       7,600 |       .6
New Hampshire ................|     683,600 |     678,900 |      -4,700 |      -.7
North Carolina ...............|   4,445,200 |   4,457,700 |      12,500 |       .3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,887,100 |   1,901,800 |      14,700 |       .8
South Dakota .................|     436,300 |     439,400 |       3,100 |       .7
Wyoming ......................|     274,800 |     277,900 |       3,100 |      1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
December 2016 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   December  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,700 |   2,017,800 |      34,100 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,735,400 |   2,770,400 |      35,000 |      1.3
California ...................|  16,637,900 |  16,980,400 |     342,500 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,618,300 |   2,671,500 |      53,200 |      2.0
Florida ......................|   8,492,400 |   8,705,900 |     213,500 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,435,700 |   4,518,900 |      83,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     707,900 |     722,600 |      14,700 |      2.1
Iowa .........................|   1,571,800 |   1,600,100 |      28,300 |      1.8
Maryland .....................|   2,730,800 |   2,762,200 |      31,400 |      1.1
Massachusetts ................|   3,586,400 |   3,649,400 |      63,000 |      1.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Michigan .....................|   4,368,900 |   4,426,000 |      57,100 |      1.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,921,400 |   2,958,700 |      37,300 |      1.3
Mississippi ..................|   1,145,000 |   1,162,800 |      17,800 |      1.6
Montana ......................|     471,700 |     480,000 |       8,300 |      1.8
Nevada .......................|   1,321,300 |   1,365,100 |      43,800 |      3.3
New York .....................|   9,458,300 |   9,556,600 |      98,300 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,382,700 |   4,457,700 |      75,000 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,852,500 |   1,901,800 |      49,300 |      2.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,916,300 |   5,994,700 |      78,400 |      1.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,070,700 |   2,117,200 |      46,500 |      2.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   2,994,100 |   3,022,800 |      28,700 |      1.0
Texas ........................|  12,137,800 |  12,444,700 |     306,900 |      2.5
Utah .........................|   1,449,400 |   1,487,300 |      37,900 |      2.6
Washington ...................|   3,291,500 |   3,360,000 |      68,500 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,934,300 |   2,974,500 |      40,200 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: January 23, 2018