State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 16, 2018                  	USDL-18-1826

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in October in 6 states, higher in 2 states, and stable 
in 42 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Eighteen states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 32 states and 
the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from 
September at 3.7 percent but was 0.4 percentage point lower than in October 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states in October 2018 and was essentially 
unchanged in 41 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 36 states added 
nonfarm payroll jobs and 14 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

  ________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                |
 |                              Hurricane Michael                                 |
 |                                                                                |
 | Hurricane Michael made landfall in the Florida Panhandle on October 10, 2018,  |
 | during the reference periods for both the establishment and household surveys. |
 | Response rates for the two surveys were within normal ranges for the affected  |
 | areas.                                                                         |
 |________________________________________________________________________________|


Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.3 percent. The rates in Texas 
(3.7 percent) and Washington (4.3 percent) set new series lows. (All state series 
begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.4 percent. In total, 14 states 
had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.7 percent, 11 states and the 
District of Columbia had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably 
different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In October, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in North 
Carolina (-0.2 percentage point). Two states had over-the-month rate increases: Colorado 
and Hawaii (+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 42 states and the District of 
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table B.)

Eighteen states had unemployment rate changes from October 2017, all of which were 
decreases. The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.4 percentage points). 
(See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in nine states in October 2018. The largest job gains
occurred in California (+36,400), Texas (+32,300), and North Carolina (+27,900). In
percentage terms, the largest gains occurred in South Carolina (+0.9 percent), Alaska
(+0.7 percent), and New Hampshire and North Carolina (+0.6 percent each). (See tables D
and 3.)

Thirty-six states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in October.
The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+384,800), California (+308,700), and Florida
(+232,600). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by
Utah and Washington (+3.3 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled 
to be released on Thursday, November 29, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.4
Arizona .............................|           4.7
California ..........................|           4.1
Colorado ............................|           3.2
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.3
Idaho ...............................|           2.7
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Kentucky ............................|           4.5
Louisiana ...........................|           5.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           2.8
Mississippi .........................|           4.7
Missouri ............................|           3.1
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.4
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.8
Ohio ................................|           4.6
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
                                     |
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.3
West Virginia .......................|           5.2
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2018 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              | September |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     6.5   |     6.4   |      -0.1
Colorado .......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
Florida ........................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.2   |     2.3   |        .1
New York .......................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
North Carolina .................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Oklahoma .......................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
Vermont ........................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2017 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  October  |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.4   |      -0.8
California .....................|     4.5   |     4.1   |       -.4
Delaware .......................|     4.5   |     3.9   |       -.6
Florida ........................|     3.9   |     3.4   |       -.5
Georgia ........................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
Illinois .......................|     4.9   |     4.2   |       -.7
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     2.4   |       -.5
Michigan .......................|     4.7   |     3.9   |       -.8
Minnesota ......................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
New Jersey .....................|     4.7   |     4.1   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
New Mexico .....................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
Oklahoma .......................|     4.1   |     3.4   |       -.7
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.3   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     3.4   |     3.0   |       -.4
Virginia .......................|     3.6   |     2.9   |       -.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2018 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |  September  |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .......................|     327,200 |     329,500 |       2,300 |      0.7
California ...................|  17,200,200 |  17,236,600 |      36,400 |       .2
New Hampshire ................|     690,900 |     694,800 |       3,900 |       .6
New Jersey ...................|   4,195,900 |   4,213,300 |      17,400 |       .4
North Carolina ...............|   4,511,000 |   4,538,900 |      27,900 |       .6
Pennsylvania .................|   6,044,900 |   6,063,400 |      18,500 |       .3
South Carolina ...............|   2,115,100 |   2,134,100 |      19,000 |       .9
Texas ........................|  12,653,400 |  12,685,700 |      32,300 |       .3
Washington ...................|   3,448,300 |   3,460,700 |      12,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2017 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   October   |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,018,500 |   2,052,100 |      33,600 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,793,600 |   2,880,300 |      86,700 |      3.1
California ...................|  16,927,900 |  17,236,600 |     308,700 |      1.8
Colorado .....................|   2,675,100 |   2,747,100 |      72,000 |      2.7
Connecticut ..................|   1,679,600 |   1,701,900 |      22,300 |      1.3
Florida ......................|   8,614,700 |   8,847,300 |     232,600 |      2.7
Georgia ......................|   4,482,200 |   4,575,800 |      93,600 |      2.1
Hawaii .......................|     653,800 |     664,700 |      10,900 |      1.7
Idaho ........................|     723,800 |     739,100 |      15,300 |      2.1
Illinois .....................|   6,074,800 |   6,134,100 |      59,300 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Iowa .........................|   1,573,500 |   1,595,300 |      21,800 |      1.4
Kansas .......................|   1,405,900 |   1,425,400 |      19,500 |      1.4
Maryland .....................|   2,723,100 |   2,761,600 |      38,500 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,619,100 |   3,683,500 |      64,400 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,379,700 |   4,441,500 |      61,800 |      1.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,942,500 |   2,978,100 |      35,600 |      1.2
Missouri .....................|   2,872,600 |   2,917,200 |      44,600 |      1.6
Nebraska .....................|   1,016,100 |   1,032,200 |      16,100 |      1.6
Nevada .......................|   1,352,100 |   1,397,900 |      45,800 |      3.4
New Hampshire ................|     679,500 |     694,800 |      15,300 |      2.3
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,144,800 |   4,213,300 |      68,500 |      1.7
New Mexico ...................|     832,900 |     855,200 |      22,300 |      2.7
New York .....................|   9,546,000 |   9,668,800 |     122,800 |      1.3
North Carolina ...............|   4,435,400 |   4,538,900 |     103,500 |      2.3
Ohio .........................|   5,531,800 |   5,647,200 |     115,400 |      2.1
Oklahoma .....................|   1,675,900 |   1,699,100 |      23,200 |      1.4
Oregon .......................|   1,885,100 |   1,931,600 |      46,500 |      2.5
Pennsylvania .................|   5,971,100 |   6,063,400 |      92,300 |      1.5
South Carolina ...............|   2,096,300 |   2,134,100 |      37,800 |      1.8
South Dakota .................|     436,500 |     443,800 |       7,300 |      1.7
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   3,025,100 |   3,084,400 |      59,300 |      2.0
Texas ........................|  12,300,900 |  12,685,700 |     384,800 |      3.1
Utah .........................|   1,480,000 |   1,528,600 |      48,600 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,956,300 |   4,027,700 |      71,400 |      1.8
Washington ...................|   3,351,100 |   3,460,700 |     109,600 |      3.3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,947,200 |   2,978,700 |      31,500 |      1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: November 16, 2018