State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 19, 2019	           USDL-19-0667

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


          STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in March in 6 states, higher in 3 states,
and stable in 41 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Four states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 44 states and the
District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was
unchanged at 3.8 percent over the month and little changed from March
2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in Washington in March 2019 and
was essentially unchanged in 49 states and the District of Columbia.
Over the year, 22 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 28 states and
the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The
civilian labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely
on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where
they reside. The employment data come from an establishment survey that
measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These
data pertain to jobs on payrolls by where these jobs are performed. For
more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used
by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

North Dakota and Vermont had the lowest unemployment rates in March,
2.3 percent each. The rates in these two states, as well as those in 
Kentucky (4.0 percent) and Pennsylvania (3.9 percent), set new series
lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless
rate, 6.5 percent. In total, 15 states had unemployment rates lower than
the U.S. figure of 3.8 percent, 10 states and the District of Columbia
had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably
different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In March, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of
which were in Colorado, Ohio, and Wyoming (-0.2 percentage point each).
Three states had over-the-month rate increases: California, Minnesota,
and Washington (+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 41 states and
the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different
from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were as large
numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Four states had unemployment rate decreases from March 2018. The largest
decline was in Delaware (-0.7 percentage point), followed by New York,
North Dakota, and Vermont (-0.4 point each). Two states had over-the-year
rate increases: Colorado (+0.6 percentage point) and Hawaii (+0.5 point).

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in Washington in March 2019 (+27,900,
or +0.8 percent). (See table 3.)

Twenty-two states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
in March. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+271,000), California
(+238,500), and Florida (+209,700). The largest percentage gain occurred
in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by Utah (+3.0 percent), and Idaho and
West Virginia (+2.7 percent each). (See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 1, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled
to be released on Friday, May 17, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., March 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.8
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.5
Arizona .............................|           5.0
California ..........................|           4.3
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.4
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Louisiana ...........................|           4.7
Massachusetts .......................|           3.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Mississippi .........................|           4.9
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
New Hampshire .......................|           2.4
New Mexico ..........................|           5.1
North Dakota ........................|           2.3
Ohio ................................|           4.4
South Carolina ......................|           3.2
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Tennessee ...........................|           3.2
                                     |
Utah ................................|           3.0
Vermont .............................|           2.3
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from February 2019 to March 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  February |   March   |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.2   |     4.3   |       0.1
Colorado .......................|     3.7   |     3.5   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
Nevada .........................|     4.3   |     4.2   |       -.1
North Dakota ...................|     2.4   |     2.3   |       -.1
Ohio ...........................|     4.6   |     4.4   |       -.2
Vermont ........................|     2.4   |     2.3   |       -.1
Washington .....................|     4.5   |     4.6   |        .1
Wyoming ........................|     3.9   |     3.7   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2018 to March 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    March    |    March    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |   2019(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,034,700 |   2,067,200 |      32,500 |      1.6
Arizona ......................|   2,836,000 |   2,902,000 |      66,000 |      2.3
California ...................|  17,115,000 |  17,353,500 |     238,500 |      1.4
Colorado .....................|   2,710,200 |   2,755,300 |      45,100 |      1.7
Florida ......................|   8,722,600 |   8,932,300 |     209,700 |      2.4
Georgia ......................|   4,519,000 |   4,604,200 |      85,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     731,700 |     751,100 |      19,400 |      2.7
Illinois .....................|   6,114,000 |   6,161,400 |      47,400 |       .8
Indiana ......................|   3,139,600 |   3,180,800 |      41,200 |      1.3
Nevada .......................|   1,373,500 |   1,420,700 |      47,200 |      3.4
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,145,000 |   4,189,800 |      44,800 |      1.1
New York .....................|   9,656,400 |   9,762,400 |     106,000 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,477,900 |   4,540,800 |      62,900 |      1.4
Oregon .......................|   1,905,600 |   1,938,200 |      32,600 |      1.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,993,600 |   6,044,500 |      50,900 |       .8
South Carolina ...............|   2,139,000 |   2,170,000 |      31,000 |      1.4
South Dakota .................|     437,800 |     446,500 |       8,700 |      2.0
Tennessee ....................|   3,046,200 |   3,094,000 |      47,800 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,422,700 |  12,693,700 |     271,000 |      2.2
Utah .........................|   1,504,500 |   1,549,000 |      44,500 |      3.0
Washington ...................|   3,387,600 |   3,468,100 |      80,500 |      2.4
West Virginia ................|     718,900 |     738,100 |      19,200 |      2.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: April 19, 2019