A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 18, 2019						USDL-19-1819

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov   *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in September in 7 states, higher in 4 states, and stable in 39 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seven states had 
jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 41 states and the District 
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point from August
to 3.5 percent, but was little changed from September 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in September 2019, decreased in 2, and was essentially
unchanged in 45 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs
and 23 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and unemployment
data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where they
reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two 
programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.2 percent. The rates in Alabama (3.0 percent), 
California (4.0 percent), Illinois (3.9 percent), New Jersey (3.1 percent), and South Carolina (2.9 percent)
set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.2 percent. In 
total, 15 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.5 percent, 14 states and the 
District of Columbia had higher rates, and 21 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that 
of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

South Carolina had the largest over-the-month unemployment rate decrease (-0.3 percentage point) in 
September, while Mississippi had the largest rate increase (+0.2 point). Thirty-nine states and the District 
of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had 
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Alabama, Colorado, and New Jersey had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decreases (-0.8 percentage 
point each). The only rate increases from September 2018 occurred in Mississippi (+0.7 percentage point) and 
Nebraska (+0.4 point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in three states in September 2019. The job gains occurred in Kentucky 
(+8,200, or +0.4 percent), Idaho (+4,600, or +0.6 percent), and Hawaii (+4,500, or +0.7 percent). Employment 
decreased in September in Virginia (-14,700, or -0.4 percent) and New Hampshire (-3,500, or -0.5 percent).
(See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in September. The largest job
gains occurred in California (+320,000), Texas (+300,000), and Florida (+224,700). The largest percentage
gains occurred in Nevada (+3.2 percent), Idaho (+3.1 percent), and Utah (+3.0 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, October 30, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment news release for 
October is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 19, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.5
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           3.0
Alaska ..............................|           6.2
Arizona .............................|           4.9
California ..........................|           4.0
Colorado ............................|           2.7
District of Columbia ................|           5.4
Hawaii ..............................|           2.7
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Kentucky ............................|           4.4
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           4.3
Maine ...............................|           2.9
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
Michigan ............................|           4.2
Mississippi .........................|           5.4
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
New Mexico ..........................|           4.9
New York ............................|           3.9
North Carolina ......................|           4.1
                                     |
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
Ohio ................................|           4.2
Oregon ..............................|           4.1
South Carolina ......................|           2.9
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           2.7
Vermont .............................|           2.2
Virginia ............................|           2.7
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           4.7
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2019 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   August  | September |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.1   |     3.0   |      -0.1
California .....................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
Colorado .......................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Delaware .......................|     3.4   |     3.5   |        .1
Georgia ........................|     3.6   |     3.5   |       -.1
Mississippi ....................|     5.2   |     5.4   |        .2
South Carolina .................|     3.2   |     2.9   |       -.3
Utah ...........................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Vermont ........................|     2.1   |     2.2   |        .1
Virginia .......................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Wisconsin ......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2018 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              | September | September |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.8   |     3.0   |      -0.8
California .....................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
Colorado .......................|     3.5   |     2.7   |       -.8
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     2.9   |       -.6
Mississippi ....................|     4.7   |     5.4   |        .7
Nebraska .......................|     2.7   |     3.1   |        .4
New Jersey .....................|     3.9   |     3.1   |       -.8
Utah ...........................|     3.1   |     2.7   |       -.4
Vermont ........................|     2.6   |     2.2   |       -.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
August 2019 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |    August   |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2019    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hawaii .......................|     658,600 |     663,100 |       4,500 |      0.7
Idaho ........................|     758,000 |     762,600 |       4,600 |       .6
Kentucky .....................|   1,951,800 |   1,960,000 |       8,200 |       .4
New Hampshire ................|     693,200 |     689,700 |      -3,500 |      -.5
Virginia .....................|   4,040,500 |   4,025,800 |     -14,700 |      -.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2018 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  September  |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,045,700 |   2,090,600 |      44,900 |      2.2
Arizona ......................|   2,875,600 |   2,942,100 |      66,500 |      2.3
Arkansas .....................|   1,263,300 |   1,280,000 |      16,700 |      1.3
California ...................|  17,218,500 |  17,538,500 |     320,000 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,732,200 |   2,789,100 |      56,900 |      2.1
Delaware .....................|     460,900 |     469,100 |       8,200 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,828,000 |   9,052,700 |     224,700 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,558,200 |   4,635,600 |      77,400 |      1.7
Idaho ........................|     740,000 |     762,600 |      22,600 |      3.1
Illinois .....................|   6,120,100 |   6,186,700 |      66,600 |      1.1
                              |             |             |             |       
Kansas .......................|   1,417,300 |   1,438,100 |      20,800 |      1.5
Kentucky .....................|   1,933,800 |   1,960,000 |      26,200 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,646,100 |   3,681,400 |      35,300 |      1.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,153,600 |   1,170,500 |      16,900 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,890,900 |   2,923,000 |      32,100 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,395,000 |   1,440,200 |      45,200 |      3.2
New Jersey ...................|   4,152,600 |   4,197,200 |      44,600 |      1.1
New Mexico ...................|     844,000 |     862,800 |      18,800 |      2.2
New York .....................|   9,691,300 |   9,797,300 |     106,000 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,475,300 |   4,578,000 |     102,700 |      2.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,913,400 |   1,943,500 |      30,100 |      1.6
South Carolina ...............|   2,135,900 |   2,179,300 |      43,400 |      2.0
South Dakota .................|     439,900 |     447,900 |       8,000 |      1.8
Tennessee ....................|   3,074,700 |   3,122,900 |      48,200 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,560,000 |  12,860,000 |     300,000 |      2.4
Utah .........................|   1,526,600 |   1,573,100 |      46,500 |      3.0
Washington ...................|   3,416,600 |   3,507,800 |      91,200 |      2.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
   

The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: October 18, 2019