State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 18, 2018                 				USDL-18-0788

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in April in 4 states and stable in 46 states and the District of Columbia,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twelve states had jobless rate decreases from a year 
earlier and 38 states and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate edged down 
from March to 3.9 percent and was 0.5 percentage point lower than in April 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in April 2018 and was essentially unchanged in 47 states 
and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 28 states added nonfarm payroll jobs, 1 state lost jobs, and 
21 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.0 percent. The rates in California (4.2 percent), 
Hawaii (2.0 percent), and Wisconsin (2.8 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) 
Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 16 states had unemployment rates lower than 
the U.S. figure of 3.9 percent, 10 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states had 
rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In April, four states had unemployment rate decreases: Illinois, New Mexico, and South Carolina (-0.2 
percentage point each) and Delaware (-0.1 point). The remaining 46 states and the District of Columbia had 
jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that 
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Twelve states had unemployment rate changes from April 2017, all of which were decreases. The largest 
decline occurred in Kentucky (-1.2 percentage points), followed by Alabama (-1.0 point). (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Three states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in April 2018: Texas (+39,600, or 
+0.3 percent), California (+39,300, or +0.2 percent), and Louisiana (+9,200, or +0.5 percent). (See table 
3.)

Twenty-eight states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in April. The largest 
job gains occurred in California (+356,800), Texas (+332,300), and Florida (+178,400). The largest 
percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by Idaho and Utah (+3.3 percent each). North 
Dakota lost jobs over the year (-7,900, or -1.8 percent). (See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, May 30, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment news 
release for May is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 15, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., April 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.9
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Indiana .............................|           3.2
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           2.7
                                     |
Michigan ............................|           4.7
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Jersey ..........................|           4.5
New Mexico ..........................|           5.4
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.3
Washington ..........................|           4.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2017 to April 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   April   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     4.8   |     3.8   |      -1.0
California .....................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
Georgia ........................|     4.9   |     4.3   |       -.6
Hawaii .........................|     2.5   |     2.0   |       -.5
Iowa ...........................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.0   |      -1.2
Louisiana ......................|     5.4   |     4.5   |       -.9
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
Mississippi ....................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
New Mexico .....................|     6.3   |     5.4   |       -.9
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.3   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     3.8   |     3.3   |       -.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
April 2017 to April 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    April    |    April    |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,010,400 |   2,034,600 |      24,200 |      1.2
Arizona ......................|   2,761,700 |   2,823,400 |      61,700 |      2.2
California ...................|  16,740,900 |  17,097,700 |     356,800 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,647,300 |   2,717,000 |      69,700 |      2.6
Florida ......................|   8,552,000 |   8,730,400 |     178,400 |      2.1
Georgia ......................|   4,434,000 |   4,501,100 |      67,100 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     711,200 |     734,700 |      23,500 |      3.3
Illinois .....................|   6,049,400 |   6,102,400 |      53,000 |       .9
Indiana ......................|   3,095,900 |   3,126,500 |      30,600 |      1.0
Kansas .......................|   1,398,700 |   1,417,800 |      19,100 |      1.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,597,700 |   3,645,300 |      47,600 |      1.3
Michigan .....................|   4,367,900 |   4,413,500 |      45,600 |      1.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,149,600 |   1,164,500 |      14,900 |      1.3
Missouri .....................|   2,860,800 |   2,894,500 |      33,700 |      1.2
Nevada .......................|   1,330,700 |   1,376,000 |      45,300 |      3.4
New Jersey ...................|   4,115,700 |   4,174,300 |      58,600 |      1.4
New York .....................|   9,488,700 |   9,605,900 |     117,200 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,398,000 |   4,482,100 |      84,100 |      1.9
North Dakota .................|     433,500 |     425,600 |      -7,900 |     -1.8
Ohio .........................|   5,519,800 |   5,576,700 |      56,900 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Oklahoma .....................|   1,656,200 |   1,686,700 |      30,500 |      1.8
Oregon .......................|   1,867,300 |   1,904,500 |      37,200 |      2.0
Pennsylvania .................|   5,931,700 |   6,015,300 |      83,600 |      1.4
South Carolina ...............|   2,084,300 |   2,119,800 |      35,500 |      1.7
Tennessee ....................|   3,003,100 |   3,048,100 |      45,000 |      1.5
Texas ........................|  12,175,200 |  12,507,500 |     332,300 |      2.7
Utah .........................|   1,459,900 |   1,508,100 |      48,200 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,947,400 |   3,993,700 |      46,300 |      1.2
Washington ...................|   3,307,900 |   3,401,900 |      94,000 |      2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
   

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Last Modified Date: May 18, 2018