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Economic News Release
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Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2022 2023 2022 2023(p) January February January February
2022 2023 2022 2023(p) 2022 2023 2022 2023(p)

Alabama

2,267,838 2,275,488 2,277,291 2,285,238 70,208 59,323 66,470 54,401 3.1 2.6 2.9 2.4

Alaska

353,520 354,065 355,282 355,227 20,831 15,668 19,350 16,002 5.9 4.4 5.4 4.5

Arizona

3,566,494 3,667,774 3,579,498 3,664,239 136,387 119,197 129,382 118,578 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.2

Arkansas

1,341,627 1,353,849 1,363,781 1,369,508 51,283 49,104 51,617 39,568 3.8 3.6 3.8 2.9

California

19,157,660 19,273,632 19,292,418 19,464,035 1,068,647 894,693 965,748 937,649 5.6 4.6 5.0 4.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,035,535 4,982,143 5,065,387 5,042,749 328,002 245,700 292,689 265,249 6.5 4.9 5.8 5.3

Colorado

3,186,411 3,215,820 3,202,616 3,243,529 134,215 96,742 126,841 105,023 4.2 3.0 4.0 3.2

Connecticut

1,949,048 1,904,608 1,939,318 1,890,238 105,525 79,776 99,897 87,189 5.4 4.2 5.2 4.6

Delaware

497,250 497,782 497,407 494,636 25,954 23,550 24,081 22,672 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.6

District of Columbia

380,671 392,894 387,107 392,205 23,937 19,292 21,593 19,161 6.3 4.9 5.6 4.9

Florida

10,592,114 10,847,669 10,620,017 10,942,109 396,676 279,332 345,408 275,426 3.7 2.6 3.3 2.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,358,707 1,374,365 1,372,977 1,398,830 43,774 26,929 39,657 23,703 3.2 2.0 2.9 1.7

Georgia

5,225,787 5,267,916 5,243,847 5,296,842 179,894 177,345 170,502 175,082 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3

Hawaii

668,908 678,243 670,038 678,433 21,768 21,112 21,071 21,847 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2

Idaho

936,030 957,356 940,225 960,831 32,522 29,838 30,454 30,435 3.5 3.1 3.2 3.2

Illinois

6,440,896 6,411,718 6,463,046 6,452,326 345,550 302,868 329,505 292,609 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,843,140 3,850,078 3,862,717 3,855,163 199,290 179,738 194,672 156,776 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.1

Indiana

3,353,322 3,395,204 3,373,819 3,396,737 109,517 113,772 113,368 120,354 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5

Iowa

1,698,672 1,707,735 1,720,435 1,727,617 61,978 60,231 51,738 56,211 3.6 3.5 3.0 3.3

Kansas

1,493,175 1,507,580 1,500,948 1,516,581 39,966 43,538 39,782 48,241 2.7 2.9 2.7 3.2

Kentucky

2,038,241 2,039,026 2,043,365 2,039,326 90,803 85,014 87,208 92,246 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.5

Louisiana

2,064,394 2,082,630 2,074,997 2,100,473 87,108 75,724 76,063 74,034 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.5

Maine

672,354 667,730 672,752 668,881 28,989 18,711 26,323 20,817 4.3 2.8 3.9 3.1

Maryland

3,153,658 3,153,047 3,163,757 3,170,134 120,502 94,063 117,442 96,663 3.8 3.0 3.7 3.0

Massachusetts

3,740,152 3,759,154 3,752,740 3,762,667 173,233 153,152 162,389 158,799 4.6 4.1 4.3 4.2

Michigan

4,779,816 4,812,375 4,801,422 4,840,276 237,928 229,613 236,630 220,769 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,111,175 2,088,599 2,113,536 2,089,905 102,027 88,690 101,541 78,699 4.8 4.2 4.8 3.8

Minnesota

3,052,225 3,063,644 3,054,593 3,071,248 112,330 102,151 96,942 109,743 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.6

Mississippi

1,249,502 1,233,994 1,258,225 1,240,374 58,002 43,495 52,912 40,115 4.6 3.5 4.2 3.2

Missouri

3,034,974 3,053,506 3,040,565 3,075,219 101,324 86,635 95,447 81,652 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.7

Montana

555,351 568,745 562,214 571,148 19,922 16,842 18,029 16,001 3.6 3.0 3.2 2.8

Nebraska

1,048,602 1,051,402 1,054,133 1,058,467 26,924 23,001 25,559 23,252 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.2

Nevada

1,505,999 1,571,159 1,524,000 1,581,127 87,432 88,535 82,882 89,814 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.7

New Hampshire

757,680 774,167 761,347 766,450 22,258 23,682 19,754 18,522 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.4

New Jersey

4,657,359 4,812,635 4,688,627 4,848,250 260,370 193,404 239,496 197,508 5.6 4.0 5.1 4.1

New Mexico

946,519 949,738 951,294 957,683 53,022 36,563 47,820 37,405 5.6 3.8 5.0 3.9

New York

9,593,515 9,594,419 9,594,922 9,663,984 533,325 439,371 516,107 431,816 5.6 4.6 5.4 4.5

New York City

4,116,127 4,127,249 4,128,094 4,170,731 322,389 228,061 295,788 233,285 7.8 5.5 7.2 5.6

North Carolina

5,087,762 5,156,886 5,134,373 5,165,808 197,624 190,570 190,375 186,006 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6

North Dakota

407,942 409,522 410,158 412,584 11,763 10,604 11,259 10,862 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6

Ohio

5,685,474 5,707,142 5,723,384 5,770,596 272,624 234,129 269,052 241,864 4.8 4.1 4.7 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,008,740 1,018,049 1,016,599 1,031,359 55,994 42,616 61,411 50,591 5.6 4.2 6.0 4.9

Oklahoma

1,868,352 1,893,117 1,875,420 1,899,574 60,359 60,786 59,975 58,625 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1

Oregon

2,152,329 2,164,688 2,169,415 2,163,910 93,718 108,055 85,859 100,418 4.4 5.0 4.0 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,408,694 6,481,742 6,421,513 6,478,173 315,009 293,251 299,996 300,846 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.6

Rhode Island

566,029 568,986 570,069 566,677 24,028 20,370 23,327 21,949 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.9

South Carolina

2,358,505 2,378,036 2,375,243 2,411,344 92,192 83,694 90,864 89,568 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.7

South Dakota

465,900 469,112 469,888 475,004 10,765 9,723 11,696 11,726 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.5

Tennessee

3,345,488 3,333,798 3,374,782 3,361,790 124,433 118,064 116,625 120,560 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.6

Texas

14,511,328 14,877,616 14,613,813 15,046,646 675,477 622,847 634,693 677,294 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.5

Utah

1,714,694 1,773,335 1,726,744 1,782,703 42,543 45,871 43,309 46,218 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6

Vermont

337,420 343,122 338,329 345,428 10,333 9,447 9,055 9,617 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.8

Virginia

4,342,684 4,477,079 4,387,721 4,518,998 126,156 145,856 118,297 130,326 2.9 3.3 2.7 2.9

Washington

3,937,188 4,029,150 3,967,866 4,092,579 185,646 203,358 177,269 205,034 4.7 5.0 4.5 5.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,746,166 1,780,851 1,766,616 1,803,331 58,323 60,959 50,182 45,167 3.3 3.4 2.8 2.5

West Virginia

776,175 774,274 782,675 775,427 36,041 32,589 37,215 28,583 4.6 4.2 4.8 3.7

Wisconsin

3,063,647 3,039,152 3,081,787 3,068,181 98,068 81,098 101,659 84,512 3.2 2.7 3.3 2.8

Wyoming

286,456 296,449 286,831 296,482 12,316 12,713 11,156 11,768 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,207,050 1,215,801 1,216,754 1,206,059 77,527 68,752 73,325 71,524 6.4 5.7 6.0 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.

Last Modified Date: March 24, 2023