Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2016

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 19, 2017		                                         USDL-17-1667
Technical information:	(202) 691-6170  iifstaff@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


There were a total of 5,190 fatal work injuries recorded in the United States in 2016, a 7-percent increase 
from the 4,836 fatal injuries reported in 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1.) 
This is the third consecutive increase in annual workplace fatalities and the first time more than 5,000 fatalities 
have been recorded by the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) since 2008. The fatal injury rate increased 
to 3.6 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers from 3.4 in 2015, the highest rate since 2010. (See table 1.) 

(Chart 1 appears here in the printed release.)

Type of incident 

Work injuries involving transportation incidents remained the most common fatal event in 2016, accounting for 40 
percent (2,083). Violence and other injuries by persons or animals increased 23 percent to become the second-most 
common fatal event in 2016. Two other events with large changes were exposure to harmful substances or 
environments, which rose 22 percent, and fires and explosions, which declined 27 percent. (See chart 2 
and table 2.) 
|                              Interactive charts now available                                  |
|This is the first year that CFOI has produced interactive charts to accompany the news release. |
|These charts are available at www.bls.gov/charts/census-of-fatal-occupational-injuries/.        |

(Chart 2 appears here in the printed release.)
  - Fatal work injuries involving violence and other injuries by persons or animals increased by 163 cases to 866 
    in 2016. Workplace homicides increased by 83 cases to 500 in 2016, and workplace suicides increased by 62 
    to 291. This is the highest homicide figure since 2010 and the most suicides since CFOI began 
    reporting data in 1992. 
  - Fatal work injuries from falls, slips, or trips continued a general upward trend that began in 2011, 
    increasing 6 percent to 849 in 2016 and 25 percent overall since 2011. Falls increased more than 
    25 percent in 2016 for roofers, carpenters, tree trimmers and pruners, and heavy and tractor-trailer 
    truck drivers.
  - Overdoses from the non-medical use of drugs or alcohol while on the job increased from 165 in 2015 to 217 
    in 2016, a 32-percent increase. Overdose fatalities have increased by at least 25 percent annually since 2012.


In 2016, fatal injuries among transportation and material moving occupations increased by 7 percent to 1,388, 
the highest count since 2007 and accounting for more than one-quarter of all work-related fatalities. Occupations 
with increases greater than 10 percent in the number of fatal work injuries in 2016 include food preparation and 
serving related occupations (64 percent); installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (20 percent); building 
and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (14 percent); and sales and related occupations (11 percent). 
Declines greater than 10 percent in the number of fatal work injuries in 2016 include healthcare practitioners 
and technical occupations (19 percent), military occupations (15 percent), and production 
occupations (14 percent). (See table 3.)

(Chart 3 apears here in the printed release.)
  - Logging workers continued to have a high fatal injury rate in 2016, at 135.9 fatalities per 100,000 FTE 
    workers. The number of fatalities among loggers increased from 67 in 2015 to 91. (See chart 3.)
  - A number of occupations recorded their highest fatality counts in 2016 since CFOI adopted the Standard 
    Occupational Classification (SOC) system in 2003. This includes first-line supervisors of construction trades 
    and extraction workers with 134 fatal injuries; landscaping and groundskeeping workers, 125; roofers, 101; 
    tree trimmers and pruners, 84; driver/sales workers, 71; automotive service technicians and mechanics, 64; 
    and farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals, 61.
  - Fatal work injuries among protective service occupations increased by 68 fatalities (32 percent) in 2016 to 
    a total of 281. This included an increase of 24 fatalities among police officers, 13 fatalities among 
    first-line supervisors/managers of law enforcement workers, and 23 fatalities among miscellaneous 
    protective service workers, including crossing guards and lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational 
    protective service workers. Police officers incurred 51 homicides in 2016, up 50 percent from 34 
    fatalities in 2015.

Other key findings of the 2016 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries:

  - Asian, non-Hispanic workers incurred 160 fatal injuries, up from 114 in 2015, which was the highest percentage 
    increase (40 percent) among any race or ethnic origin. Black or African-American, non-Hispanic workers also had 
    a large percentage increase (19 percent), with 587 fatal injuries compared to 495 in 2015. The rate of fatal 
    injury for both groups also increased. Hispanic or Latino workers had 3 percent fewer workplace fatalities in 
    2016 with 879 fatalities, down from 903. (See table 1.)
  - Foreign-born workers make up about one-fifth of the total fatal work injuries. Thirty-seven percent of these 
    workers were born in Mexico, followed by 19 percent from Asian countries.
  - Workers age 55 years and over had 1,848 fatal injuries, the highest number for this cohort since CFOI began 
    reporting national data in 1992. In 1992, workers age 55 and over accounted for 20 percent of fatalities; in 
    2016, they accounted for 36 percent. These workers also have a higher fatality rate than other age 
    groups. (See table 1.)
  - The number of workplace fatalities in private industry increased 7 percent in 2016. This was led by an increase 
    in service-providing industries, which were up 13 percent to 2,702 from 2,399. Fatal workplace injuries to 
    government workers increased 9 percent overall to 497, with a 9-percent decrease in federal employee fatalities 
    that was more than offset by increases in state and local government fatalities, up 20 percent and 13 percent, 
    respectively. (See table 4.)
  - Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction and manufacturing both experienced large decreases in 
    workplace fatalities in 2016, decreasing 26 percent and 10 percent, respectively. (See table 4.)
  - Fatal injuries in the leisure and hospitality sector were up 32 percent (225 to 298) and reached an all-time 
    series high in 2016. This was largely due to a 40-percent increase in fatal injuries in the food services and 
    drinking places industry from 118 to 165. 
  - A total of 36 states had more fatal workplace injuries in 2016 than 2015, while 13 states and the District of 
    Columbia had fewer; Wyoming had the same number as 2015. (See table 5.)

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Last Modified Date: December 19, 2017