Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 18, 2018		                                         USDL-18-1978
Technical information:	(202) 691-6170 • iifstaff@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

NATIONAL CENSUS OF FATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN 2017

There were a total of 5,147 fatal work injuries recorded in the United States in 2017, down slightly from the 5,190 
fatal injuries reported in 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1.) The fatal injury 
rate decreased to 3.5 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers from 3.6 in 2016. (See table 1.) 

(Chart 1 appears here in the printed release.) 

Type of incident 

Fatal falls were at their highest level in the 26-year history of the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) 
accounting for 887 (17 percent) worker deaths. Transportation incidents remained the most frequent fatal event 
in 2017 with 2,077 (40 percent) occupational fatalities. Violence and other injuries by persons or animals 
decreased 7 percent in 2017 with homicides and suicides decreasing by 8 percent and 5 percent, respectively. 
(See chart 2 and table 2.) 

  - Unintentional overdoses due to nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol while at work increased 25 percent from 217 
    in 2016 to 272 in 2017. This was the fifth consecutive year in which unintentional workplace overdose deaths 
    have increased by at least 25 percent.
  - Contact with objects and equipment incidents were down 9 percent (695 in 2017 from 761 in 2016) with caught 
    in running equipment or machinery deaths down 26 percent (76 in 2017 from 103 in 2016).
  - Fatal occupational injuries involving confined spaces rose 15 percent to 166 in 2017 from 144 in 2016.
  - Crane-related workplace fatalities fell to their lowest level ever recorded in CFOI, 33 deaths in 2017.

(Chart 2 appears here in the printed release.)

Occupation

The transportation and material moving occupational group and the construction and extraction occupational group 
accounted for 47 percent of worker deaths in 2017. Within the occupational subgroup driver/sales workers and 
truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers had the largest number of fatal occupational injuries 
with 840. This represented the highest value for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers since the occupational 
series began in 2003. Fishers and related fishing workers and logging workers had the highest published rates of 
fatal injury in 2017. (See chart 3.)

  - Grounds maintenance workers (including first-line supervisors) incurred 244 fatalities in 2017. This was a small 
    decrease from the 2016 figure (247) but was still the second-highest total since 2003. A total of 36 deaths were 
    due to falls from trees, and another 35 were due to being struck by a falling tree or branch.
  - There were 258 fatalities among farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers in 2017. Approximately 63 percent
    of these farmers were age 65 and over (162) with 48 being age 80 or over. Of the 258 deaths, 103 involved a 
    farm tractor.
  - Police and sheriff’s patrol officers incurred 95 fatal occupational injuries in 2017, fewer than the 108 fatalities
    in 2016.
 
(Chart 3 appears here in the printed release.)

Other key findings of the 2017 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries:

  - Fifteen percent of the fatally-injured workers in 2017 were age 65 or over – a series high. In 1992, the first 
    year CFOI published national data, that figure was 8 percent. These workers also had a higher fatality rate 
    than other age groups in 2017. (See table 1.)
  - Fatalities incurred by non-Hispanic Black or African American workers and non-Hispanic Asian workers each 
    decreased 10 percent from 2016 to 2017.
  - Fatal occupational injuries in the private manufacturing industry and wholesale trade industry were the lowest 
    since this series began in 2003. (See table 4.)
  - Workplace fatalities in the private mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction industry increased 26 percent 
    to 112 in 2017 from a series low of 89 in 2016. (See table 4.) Over 70 percent of these fatalities were 
    incurred by workers in the oil and gas extraction industries.
  - A total of 27 states had fewer fatal workplace injuries in 2017 than 2016, while 21 states and the District of 
    Columbia had more; California and Maine had the same number as 2016. (See table 5.) A total of 192 metropolitan 
    statistical areas (MSAs) had 5 or more fatal work injuries in 2017.

TECHNICAL NOTES

Background of the program
The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Safety and 
Health Statistics (OSHS) program, compiles a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the 
calendar year. The CFOI program uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, 
and describe fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible. For the 2017 data, 
over 23,400 unique source documents were reviewed as part of the data collection process. For technical information 
and definitions for CFOI, please go to the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/home.htm. Fatal injury rates are subject to sampling errors as they are calculated using 
employment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample of households, and the BLS Local Area Unemployment 
Statistics (LAUS) program. For more information on measurement errors, please see: www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.

The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), another component of the OSHS program, presents frequency 
counts and incidence rates by industry and also by detailed case circumstances and worker characteristics for nonfatal 
workplace injuries and illnesses for cases that result in days away from work. Incidence rates by industry and case 
type and information on case circumstances and worker characteristics for 2017 were published in November 2018. For 
additional data, access the BLS website: www.bls.gov/iif. 

Identification and verification of work-related fatalities
In 2017 there were 14 fatal work injuries included for which work relationship could not be independently verified; 
however, the information on the initiating source document for these cases was sufficient to determine that the 
incident was likely to be job-related. Data for these fatalities were included in the CFOI counts.

Federal/State agency coverage
The CFOI includes data for all fatal work injuries, even those that may be outside the scope of other agencies or 
regulatory coverage. Thus, any comparison between the BLS fatality census counts and those released by other agencies 
should take into account the different coverage requirements and definitions being used by each agency. More on the 
scope of CFOI can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/cfoiscope.htm and www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/concepts.htm. 

Acknowledgements
BLS thanks the participating states, New York City, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, 
and Guam for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. Although 
data for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam are not included in the national totals for this release, 
results for these jurisdictions are available. Participating agencies may be contacted to request more detailed 
state results. Contact information is available at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm.

BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents 
used to identify fatal work injuries. Among these agencies are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; the 
National Transportation Safety Board; the U.S. Coast Guard; the Mine Safety and Health Administration; the Office of 
Workers’ Compensation Programs (Federal Employees’ Compensation and Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation divisions); 
the Federal Railroad Administration; the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; state vital statistics 
registrars, coroners, and medical examiners; state departments of health, labor, and industrial relations and workers’ 
compensation agencies; state and local police departments; and state farm bureaus.

Information in this release is available to sensory-impaired individuals. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


     Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by selected demographic characteristics, 2016-17
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         |                     |                     |     Rates Margin    
                                                         |        Counts       |       Rates(1)      |     of Error(2)     
                                                         |_____________________|_____________________|_____________________
                      Characteristic                     |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                         |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(3)                                            |   5,190  |   5,147  |    3.6   |    3.5   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      Employee status                    |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Wage and salary workers(4)                          |   4,098  |   4,069  |    3.0   |    2.9   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Self-employed(5)                                    |   1,092  |   1,078  |   13.1   |   13.1   |    0.3   |    0.3   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                          Gender                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Women                                               |     387  |     386  |    0.6   |    0.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Men                                                 |   4,803  |   4,761  |    5.8   |    5.7   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                            Age                          |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Under 16 years                                      |      13  |      15  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     16 to 17 years                                      |      17  |       7  |    2.1   |    0.8   |    0.1   |    0.0   
     18 to 19 years                                      |      43  |      62  |    1.9   |    2.6   |    0.1   |    0.1   
     20 to 24 years                                      |     310  |     293  |    2.4   |    2.2   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     25 to 34 years                                      |     834  |     872  |    2.5   |    2.5   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     35 to 44 years                                      |     979  |     907  |    3.1   |    2.9   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     45 to 54 years                                      |   1,145  |   1,059  |    3.5   |    3.3   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     55 to 64 years                                      |   1,160  |   1,155  |    4.7   |    4.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     65 years and over                                   |     688  |     775  |    9.6   |   10.3   |    0.2   |    0.2   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                   Race or ethnic origin(6)              |          |          |          |          |          |          
     White (non-Hispanic)                                |   3,481  |   3,449  |    3.7   |    3.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Black or African-American (non-Hispanic)            |     587  |     530  |    3.6   |    3.2   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Hispanic or Latino                                  |     879  |     903  |    3.7   |    3.7   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     American Indian or Alaskan Native (non-Hispanic)    |      38  |      38  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Asian (non-Hispanic)                                |     160  |     144  |    1.8   |    1.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic)  |       7  |      17  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Multiple races (non-Hispanic)                       |      15  |       9  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Other races or not reported (non-Hispanic)          |      23  |      57  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates exclude workers 
     under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and 
     state rates are calculated using different methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. 
     N/A means a rate was not published for this group.
       2 Fatal injury rates rely on the census figures from the CFOI and the employment from the Current Population 
     Survey (CPS). CPS is a sample of households that is designed to represent the civilian noninstitutional population 
     of the United States. Sampling errors occur in the CPS because observations are made on a sample, not on the entire 
     population. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of dispersion around the estimated fatal injury rate, expressed 
     at the 95% confidence level. For more on confidence intervals, see https://www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.
       3 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the 
     United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have 
     changed. Please see the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of 
     each data element and their definitions.
       4 May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation.
       5 Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, 
     and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
       6 Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude data for Hispanics 
     and Latinos.

       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. 
     CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries for selected events or exposures, 2011-17						
     _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                               |                                                                            
                                                               |                                   Counts                                   
                                                               |____________________________________________________________________________
                        Characteristic                         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                               |   2011   |   2012   |   2013   |   2014   |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                                  |   4,693  |   4,628  |   4,585  |   4,821  |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  
						               |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                     Event or exposure                         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Violence and other injuries by persons or animals         |     791  |     803  |     773  |     765  |     703  |     866  |     807  
          Intentional injury by person                         |     718  |     725  |     686  |     689  |     646  |     792  |     733  
               Homicides                                       |     468  |     475  |     404  |     409  |     417  |     500  |     458  
                    Shooting by other person—intentional       |     365  |     381  |     322  |     307  |     354  |     394  |     351  
                    Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing      |      42  |      35  |      38  |      40  |      28  |      38  |      47  
               Suicides	                                       |     250  |     249  |     282  |     280  |     229  |     291  |     275  
     Transportation incidents	                               |   1,937  |   1,923  | 	 1,865  |   1,984  |   2,054  |	  2,083  |   2,077  
          Aircraft incidents                                   |     145  |     127  |     136 	|     135  |  	 139  |     130  |     126  
          Rail vehicle incidents                               |      50  |   	 38  |      41  |      57  |      50  |      50  |      48  
          Pedestrian vehicular incident	                       |     316  |     293  |     294  |     318  |     289  |     342  |     313  
               Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone       |      63  |      65  |      48  |      53  |      44  |      58  |      56  
          Water vehicle incident                               |      72  |      63  |      60  |      55  |      44  |      48  |      68  
          Roadway incident involving motorized land vehicle    |   1,103  |   1,153  |   1,099  |   1,157  |   1,264  |   1,252  |   1,299  
               Roadway collision with other vehicle            |     525  |     565  |     564  |     611  |     660  |     628  |     663  
                    Roadway collision moving in same direction |     150  |     124  |     144  |     146  |     166  |     168  |     189  
                    Roadway collision moving in opposite       |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      directions, oncoming                     |     172  |     204  |     192  |     230  |     224  |     199  |     214  
                    Roadway collision moving perpendicularly   |     111  |     134  |     136  |     131  |     154  |     150  |     149  
               Roadway collision with object other than vehicle|     313  |     338  |     332  |     317  |     360  |     342  |     377  
                    Vehicle struck object or animal on side    |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      of roadway                               |     292  |     318  |     311  |     292  |  	 335  |     321  |     348  
               Roadway noncollision incident                   |     262  |     247  |     201  |     228  |     240  |     278  |     252  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway         |     208  |     202  |     171  |     193  | 	 201  |     238  |     197  
          Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicle |     222  |     233  |     227  |     248  |     253  |     245  |     209  
               Nonroadway noncollision incident	               |     169  |     175  |     181  |     191  |     182  |     182  |     166  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, nonroadway      |     113  |     115  |     118  |     127  |     131  |     120  |     111  
     Fire or explosion                                         |     144  |     122  |     149  |     137  |     121  |      88  |     123  
     Fall, slip, trip                                          |     681  |     704  |     724 	|     818  |     800  |     849  |     887  
          Fall on same level                                   |     111  |     120  | 	   110  |     138  |     125  |     134  |     151  
          Fall to lower level                                  |     553  |     570  |     595  |     660  |     648  |     697  |     713  
               Fall from collapsing structure or equipment     |      38  |      35  |      45  |      44  |      55  |      65  |      48  
               Fall through surface or existing opening	       |      60  |      72  |      68  |      82  |      87  |      87  |      85  
     Exposure to harmful substances or environments            |     419  |     340  | 	   335  |     390  |     424  |     518  |     531  
          Exposure to electricity                              |     174  |     156  |     141  |     154  |     134  |     154  |     136  
          Exposure to temperature extremes                     |      63  |      41  |      38  |      26  |      40  |      48  |      38  
          Exposure to other harmful substances                 |     144  |     110  |     124  |     182  |     215  |     268  |     317  
               Nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 unintentional overdose                        |      73  |      65  |      82  |     114  |     165  |     217  |     272  
               Inhalation of harmful substance                 |      57  |      40  |      39  |      59  |      45  |      39  |      43  
     Contact with objects and equipment                        |     710  |     723  |     721  |     715  |     722  |     761  |     695  
          Struck by object or equipment                        |     476  |     519  |     509  |     503  |     519  |     553  |     503  
               Struck by powered vehicle nontransport          |     196  |     201  | 	   197  |     202  |     216  |     232  |     197  
               Struck by falling object or equipment	       |     219  |     241  |     245  |     243  |     247  |     255  |     237  
          Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects      |     145  | 	124  |     131  |     132  |      99  |     117  |     108  
               Caught in running equipment or machinery	       |     118  |      93  |     105  |     105  |      74  |     103  |      76  
          Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure,  |          |          |          |          |          |          |          
            equipment, or material                             |      84  |      73  |      78  |      74  |      90  |      82  |      70  
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
						
       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the United States 
     since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed. Please see the CFOI 
     Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element and their definitions. Event or 
     exposure is based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.
						
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. CFOI fatal 
     injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates for selected occupations, 2016-17      
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                       |                     |                     |   Rates Margin      
                                                       |        Counts       |       Rates(1)      |    of Error(2)      
                        Characteristic                 |_________ ___________|_____________________|_____________________
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                       |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          |          
    ___________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(3)                                          |   5,190  |   5,147  |    3.6   |    3.5   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          |          
                        Occupation (SOC)               |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Management occupations                            |     377  |     396  |    2.0   |    2.1   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Business and financial operations occupations     |      27  |      29  |    0.4   |    0.4   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Computer and mathematical occupations             |      16  |      11  |    0.3   |    0.2   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Architecture and engineering occupations          |      41  |      23  |    1.3   |    0.7   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Life, physical, and social science occupations    |      15  |      13  |    1.1   |    0.9   |    0.1   |    0.1   
     Community and social services occupations         |      27  |      37  |    1.0   |    1.4   |    0.0   |    0.1   
     Legal occupations                                 |      13  |      11  |    N/A   |    0.6   |    N/A   |    0.0   
     Education, training, and library occupations      |      32  |      30  |    0.4   |    0.4   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and          |          |          |          |          |          |          
       media occupations                               |      64  |      47  |    2.3   |    1.6   |    0.1   |    0.1   
     Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations|      60  |      57  |    0.7   |    0.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Healthcare support occupations                    |      30  |      28  |    1.0   |    0.9   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Protective service occupations                    |     281  |     266  |    8.4   |    7.7   |    0.3   |    0.3   
          Fire fighting and prevention workers         |      35  |      35  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Law enforcement workers                      |     127  |     117  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Food preparation and serving related occupations  |      92  |      89  |    1.3   |    1.4   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance     |          |          |          |          |          |          
       occupations                                     |     329  |     326  |    6.6   |    6.4   |    0.2   |    0.2   
          Building cleaning and pest control workers   |      74  |      68  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Grounds maintenance workers                  |     217  |     191  |   17.4   |   15.5   |    1.0   |    0.9   
     Personal care and service occupations             |      55  |      69  |    1.1   |    1.2   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Sales and related occupations                     |     254  |     232  |    1.8   |    1.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
          Supervisors, sales workers                   |     104  |      98  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Retail sales workers                         |     102  |      89  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Office and administrative support occupations     |      78  |     101  |    0.5   |    0.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
     Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations        |     290  |     264  |   24.9   |   20.9   |    2.0   |    1.9   
          Agricultural workers                         |     157  |     155  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Fishing and hunting workers                  |      26  |      41  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Forest, conservation, and logging workers    |      95  |      57  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Construction and extraction occupations           |     970  |     965  |   12.4   |   12.2   |    0.3   |    0.3   
          Supervisors of construction and              |          |          |          |          |          |          
            extraction workers                         |     134  |     121  |   18.0   |   17.4   |    1.2   |    1.2   
          Construction trades workers                  |     736  |     747  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Extraction workers                           |      41  |      41  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations |     470  |     414  |    9.4   |    8.1   |    0.2   |    0.2   
          Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics,      |          |          |          |          |          |          
            installers, and repairers                  |     154  |     143  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Production occupations                            |     216  |     221  |    2.6   |    2.6   |    0.1   |    0.1   
     Transportation and material moving occupations    |   1,388  |   1,443  |   15.4   |   15.9   |    0.3   |    0.4   
          Air transportation workers                   |      75  |      59  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Motor vehicle operators                      |   1,012  |   1,084  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
          Material moving workers                      |     228  |     235  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     Military occupations(4)                           |      62  |      72  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates exclude workers under 
     the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and 
     state rates are calculated using different methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A 
     means a rate was not published for this group.      
       2 Fatal injury rates rely on the census figures from the CFOI and the employment from the Current Population 
     Survey (CPS). CPS is a sample of households that is designed to represent the civilian noninstitutional population 
     of the United States. Sampling errors occur in the CPS because observations are made on a sample, not on the entire 
     population. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of dispersion around the estimated fatal injury rate, expressed 
     at the 95% confidence level. For more on confidence intervals, see https://www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.      
       3 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the 
     United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have 
     changed. Please see the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of 
     each data element and their definitions. Occupation is based on the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 
     2010 system.
       4 Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of individual occupation listed.
     
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. 
     CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.      
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries



     Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by selected industries, 2016-17
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         |                     |                     |   Rates Margin      
                                                         |        Counts       |       Rates(1)      |    of Error(2)      
                     Characteristic                      |_____________________|_____________________|_____________________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                                                         |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(3)                                            |   5,190  |   5,147  |    3.6   |    3.5   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      Industry (NAICS)                   |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Private industry(4)                                 |   4,693  |   4,674  |    3.8   |    3.7   |    0.0   |    0.0   
          Goods producing                                |   1,991  |   1,967  |    6.8   |    6.7   |    0.1   |    0.1   
               Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting|     593  |     581  |   23.2   |   23.0   |    1.5   |    1.7   
                    Crop production                      |     261  |     263  |   20.9   |   20.9   |    2.0   |    2.1   
                    Animal production and aquaculture    |     151  |     152  |   15.4   |   16.4   |    1.4   |    1.7   
                    Forestry and logging                 |     106  |      76  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
               Mining, quarrying, and oil and            |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 gas extraction(5)                       |      89  |     112  |   10.1   |   12.9   |    1.5   |    2.2   
                    Mining (except oil and gas)          |      22  |      31  |   10.0   |   15.5   |    2.1   |    3.6   
                    Support activities for mining        |      56  |      73  |   10.1   |   12.8   |    2.1   |    2.9   
               Construction                              |     991  |     971  |   10.1   |    9.5   |    0.2   |    0.2   
                    Construction of buildings            |     182  |     196  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
                    Heavy and civil engineering          |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      construction                       |     159  |     152  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
                    Specialty trade contractors          |     631  |     610  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
               Manufacturing                             |     318  |     303  |    2.0   |    1.9   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                    Food manufacturing                   |      40  |      51  |    2.3   |    2.8   |    0.1   |    0.2   
                    Fabricated metal product             |          |          |          |          |          |          
                      manufacturing                      |      41  |      50  |    3.4   |    4.3   |    0.2   |    0.3   
          Service providing                              |   2,702  |   2,707  |    2.8   |    2.8   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Wholesale trade                           |     179  |     174  |    4.8   |    4.8   |    0.2   |    0.2   
               Retail trade                              |     282  |     287  |    1.9   |    2.0   |    0.0   |    0.0   
                    Motor vehicle and parts dealers      |      42  |      54  |    1.9   |    2.5   |    0.1   |    0.1   
                    Food and beverage stores             |      71  |      60  |    2.7   |    2.3   |    0.1   |    0.1   
               Transportation and warehousing            |     825  |     882  |   14.3   |   15.1   |    0.4   |    0.5   
                    Truck transportation                 |     570  |     599  |   25.6   |   28.0   |    1.0   |    1.5   
               Utilities                                 |      30  |      28  |    2.8   |    2.6   |    0.2   |    0.2   
               Information                               |      46  |      43  |    1.7   |    1.6   |    0.1   |    0.1   
               Finance and insurance                     |      26  |      32  |    0.4   |    0.5   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Real estate and rental and leasing        |      91  |      69  |    3.2   |    2.4   |    0.1   |    0.1   
               Professional, scientific, and             |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 technical services                      |     100  |      69  |    0.9   |    0.6   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Administrative and support and waste      |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 management and remediation services     |     439  |     460  |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   |    N/A   
               Educational services                      |      42  |      43  |    1.0   |    1.0   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Health care and social assistance         |     117  |     146  |    0.7   |    0.8   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Arts, entertainment, and recreation       |      96  |      91  |    3.9   |    3.2   |    0.2   |    0.1   
               Accommodation and food services           |     202  |     171  |    2.2   |    1.9   |    0.0   |    0.0   
               Other services, except                    |          |          |          |          |          |          
                 public administration                   |     223  |     205  |    3.2   |    2.9   |    0.1   |    0.1   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          |          
     Government(6)                                       |     497  |     473  |    2.2   |    2.0   |    0.0   |    0.0   
          Federal government(4)                          |     107  |     116  |    1.2   |    1.3   |    0.0   |    0.1   
          State government(4)                            |      97  |      91  |    1.5   |    1.4   |    0.0   |    0.0   
          Local government(4)                            |     291  |     265  |    3.0   |    2.6   |    0.1   |    0.1   
     ____________________________________________________|_________________________________________________________________

       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). Fatal injury rates exclude workers under 
     the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and 
     state rates are calculated using different methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information on how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A means 
     a rate was not published for this group.
       2 Fatal injury rates rely on the census figures from the CFOI and the employment from the Current Population 
     Survey (CPS). CPS is a sample of households that is designed to represent the civilian noninstitutional population 
     of the United States. Sampling errors occur in the CPS because observations are made on a sample, not on the entire 
     population. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of dispersion around the estimated fatal injury rate, expressed at 
     the 95% confidence level. For more on confidence intervals, see https://www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.
       3 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the United 
     States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed.
     Please see the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element 
     and their definitions. Industry is based on the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).      
       4 Includes all fatal occupational injuries meeting this ownership criterion across all specified years, 
     regardless of industry classification system.
       5 Includes fatal injuries at all establishments categorized as Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 
     (Sector 21) in the North American Industry Classification System, including establishments not governed by the Mine 
     Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction.
       6 Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Includes all 
     fatal occupational injuries meeting this ownership criterion across all specified years, regardless of 
     industry classification system.
      
       Note: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. CFOI 
     fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 5. Fatal occupational injuries counts and rates by state of incident, 2016-17
     ________________________________________________________________________________
                                         |                     |                     
                                         |        Counts       |       Rates(1)      
                                         |_____________________|_____________________
             Characteristic              |          |          |          |          
                                         |          |          |          |          
                                         |   2016   |   2017   |   2016   |   2017   
                                         |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                         |          |          |          |          
     Total(2)                            |   5,190  |   5,147  |    3.6   |    3.5   
                                         |          |          |          |          
              State of incident          |          |          |          |          
     Alabama                             |     100  |     83   |    5.2   |    4.3   
     Alaska                              |      35  |     33   |   10.6   |   10.2   
     Arizona                             |      77  |     90   |    2.6   |    3.0   
     Arkansas                            |      68  |     76   |    5.3   |    6.1   
     California                          |     376  |    376   |    2.2   |    2.2   
     Colorado                            |      81  |     77   |    3.0   |    2.8   
     Connecticut                         |      28  |     35   |    1.6   |    1.9   
     Delaware                            |      12  |     10   |    2.6   |    2.4   
     District of Columbia                |       5  |     13   |    1.4   |    3.4   
     Florida                             |     309  |    299   |    3.6   |    3.3   
     Georgia                             |     171  |    194   |    3.9   |    4.1   
     Hawaii                              |      29  |     20   |    2.4   |    2.2   
     Idaho                               |      30  |     37   |    4.1   |    4.8   
     Illinois                            |     171  |    163   |    2.9   |    2.8   
     Indiana                             |     137  |    138   |    4.5   |    4.5   
     Iowa                                |      76  |     72   |    4.8   |    4.7   
     Kansas                              |      74  |     72   |    5.2   |    5.2   
     Kentucky                            |      92  |     70   |    5.0   |    3.8   
     Louisiana                           |      95  |    117   |    5.0   |    6.3   
     Maine                               |      18  |     18   |    2.4   |    2.7   
     Maryland                            |      92  |     87   |    3.2   |    3.0   
     Massachusetts                       |     109  |    108   |    3.3   |    3.2   
     Michigan                            |     162  |    153   |    3.5   |    3.4   
     Minnesota                           |      92  |    101   |    3.4   |    3.5   
     Mississippi                         |      71  |     90   |    6.3   |    6.2   
     Missouri                            |     124  |    125   |    4.3   |    4.4   
     Montana                             |      38  |     32   |    7.9   |    6.9   
     Nebraska                            |      60  |     35   |    6.3   |    3.6   
     Nevada                              |      54  |     32   |    4.2   |    2.4   
     New Hampshire                       |      22  |     11   |    3.2   |    1.6   
     New Jersey                          |     101  |     69   |    2.4   |    1.6   
     New Mexico                          |      41  |     44   |    4.9   |    4.7   
     New York (including N.Y.C.)         |     272  |    313   |    3.1   |    3.5   
          New York City                  |      56  |     87   |    1.5   |    2.3   
     North Carolina                      |     174  |    183   |    3.7   |    3.9   
     North Dakota                        |      28  |     38   |    7.0   |   10.1   
     Ohio                                |     164  |    174   |    3.1   |    3.3   
     Oklahoma                            |      92  |     91   |    5.6   |    5.5   
     Oregon                              |      72  |     60   |    3.9   |    3.2   
     Pennsylvania                        |     163  |    172   |    2.8   |    3.0   
     Rhode Island                        |       9  |      8   |    1.8   |    1.6   
     South Carolina                      |      96  |     88   |    4.4   |    4.2   
     South Dakota                        |      31  |     30   |    7.5   |    7.3   
     Tennessee                           |     122  |    128   |    4.3   |    4.4   
     Texas                               |     545  |    534   |    4.4   |    4.3   
     Utah                                |      44  |     43   |    3.2   |    2.9   
     Vermont                             |      10  |     22   |    3.2   |    7.0   
     Virginia                            |     153  |    118   |    4.0   |    2.9   
     Washington                          |      78  |     84   |    2.4   |    2.5   
     West Virginia                       |      47  |     51   |    6.6   |    7.4   
     Wisconsin                           |     105  |    106   |    3.6   |    3.5   
     Wyoming                             |      34  |     20   |   12.3   |    7.7   
     ________________________________________________________________________________
 
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTEs). 
     Fatal injury rates exclude workers under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and 
     resident military. Complete national rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. National and state rates are calculated using 
     different methodology and cannot be directly compared. Please see 
     www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm#q16 for more information on how rates are calculated 
     and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was not published for this group.   
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal 
     occupational injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the 
     classification systems and definitions of many data elements have changed. Please 
     see the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed 
     description of each data element and their definitions.      
      
       Note: Data for all years are final. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude 
     illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event. Margin of error 
     is not available for state rate data.      
       Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, 
     Local Area Unemployment Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries      

Last Modified Date: December 18, 2018