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Automotive Industry: Employment, Earnings, and Hours

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries

National Employment

Employment -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 1-month change:
Nov. 2022 -
Dec. 2022
12-month change:
Dec. 2021 -
Dec. 2022

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

984.6 1,029.1 (p)1,031.4 (p)1,038.8 (p)7.4 (p)54.2

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,950.9 1,978.3 (p)1,989.3 (p)1,992.3 (p)3.0 (p)41.4

Automobile dealers

1,226.4 1,237.4 (p)1,244.0 (p)1,244.0 (p)0.0 (p)17.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 12-month changes:
Nov. 2021 -
Nov. 2022
Dec. 2021 -
Dec. 2022

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)1,006.0 1,029.0 (p)1,035.9 (p)1,051.4 (p)49.2 (p)56.6

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  297.8 (p)304.2   (p)36.6  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  161.4 (p)158.3   (p)-7.5  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  569.8 (p)573.4   (p)20.1  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  350.5 (p)349.4   (p)7.7  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

(p)1,972.0 1,979.2 (p)1,988.0 (p)1,985.2 (p)40.0 (p)41.6

Automobile dealers

(p)1,235.8 1,235.3 (p)1,243.3 (p)1,241.5 (p)18.1 (p)16.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

(p)171.4 173.7 (p)170.3 (p)168.8 (p)4.0 (p)4.9

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

(p)564.7 570.2 (p)574.4 (p)574.9 (p)17.9 (p)19.9

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  1,013.0 (p)1,014.4   (p)36.0  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Hourly Earnings

Average Hourly Earnings -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 12-month change:
Dec. 2021 -
Dec. 2022

Average hourly earnings
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)$27.11 $27.40 (p)$28.45 (p)$27.67 (p)$1.41

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  31.99 (p)33.90    

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  23.68 (p)23.20    

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  25.93 (p)26.72    

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  26.78 (p)27.84    

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  25.83 (p)26.07    

Automobile dealers

  27.77 (p)28.29    

Other motor vehicle dealers

  26.20 (p)25.90    

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  21.05 (p)21.07    

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  23.22 (p)23.34    

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

National Average Weekly Hours

Average Weekly Hours -- Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
One year ago:
Dec. 2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 1-month change:
Nov. 2022 -
Dec. 2022

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

41.7 42.6 (p)42.5 (p)42.4 (p)-0.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Average Weekly Hours -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 12-month changes:
Nov. 2021 -
Nov. 2022
Dec. 2021 -
Dec. 2022

Average weekly hours
(of production and nonsupervisory workers)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

(p)42.2 42.1 (p)43.6 (p)44.0 (p)0.6 (p)0.6

Motor vehicles manufacturing

  43.0 (p)45.2   (p)0.5  

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

  39.6 (p)38.7   (p)-2.8  

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

  42.4 (p)44.2   (p)1.6  

Wholesale Trade

Motor vehicle and parts wholesalers

  37.8 (p)37.7   (p)-0.7  

Retail Trade

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

  37.3 (p)36.7   (p)-0.1  

Automobile dealers

  37.8 (p)36.7   (p)-0.2  

Other motor vehicle dealers

  36.0 (p)35.3   (p)1.3  

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

  36.4 (p)37.1   (p)-0.2  

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

  35.7 (p)35.4   (p)-0.1  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

 

Employment in Selected States

Employment -- Not Seasonally Adjusted

Data series Back
data
Annual average:
2021
Oct. 2022 Nov. 2022 Dec. 2022 12-month change:
Dec. 2021 -
Dec. 2022

Employment
(all employees, in thousands)

Manufacturing

Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing

Motor vehicles manufacturing

Alabama

  17.2 17.3 (p)17.5 (p)0.5

California

  28.9 29.0 (p)29.3 (p)3.0

Kentucky

  23.2 23.3 (p)23.7 (p)1.9

Michigan

  47.1 46.7 (p)49.0 (p)0.3

Missouri

  9.7 9.8 (p)9.9 (p)0.7

Ohio

  23.5 23.5 (p)23.8 (p)0.8

Texas

  13.6 13.7 (p)13.8 (p)0.6

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

Indiana

  48.7 48.5 (p)48.3 (p)-2.2

Motor vehicle parts manufacturing

Alabama

  24.7 24.6 (p)24.9 (p)0.3

California

         

Indiana

  59.1 59.1 (p)59.7 (p)1.7

Kentucky

  32.2 32.5 (p)32.7 (p)1.1

Michigan

  128.3 129.5 (p)132.0 (p)6.5

Mississippi

  5.6 5.6 (p)5.7 (p)0.0

New York

  8.9 9.1 (p)9.4 (p)0.3

Ohio

  68.4 69.1 (p)69.6 (p)2.8

Wisconsin

         

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, & Earnings )

 

About the Automotive Industry

The automotive industry includes industries associated with the production, wholesaling, retailing, and maintenance of motor vehicles. This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. Below are definitions of these industries. Current and historical data back to 1990 are available for these industries. Data provided are for establishments that are located in the United States; the data do not distinguish between domestic and foreign ownership. Employment data are for all employees; average hourly earnings and average weekly hours are for production and nonsupervisory workers.

Links to Definitions of Detailed Industries within Automotive Industry

Manufacturing

  • Motor vehicles and parts manufacturing (NAICS 3361,2,3)

Wholesale trade

Retail trade

Other services

 

Data extracted on: January 25, 2023