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News Release Information

20-1154-CHI
Monday, June 29, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

County Employment and Wages in Michigan — Fourth Quarter 2019

Employment rose in 7 of Michigan’s 10 large counties from December 2018 to December 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are those with annual average employment levels of 75,000 or more in 2018.) Acting Regional Commissioner Julie Wilson noted that employment increased 1.4 percent over the year in Washtenaw County, 1.1 percent in Ottawa County, and 0.9 percent in both Genesee and Ingham Counties. (See table 1.)

Nationally, employment increased 1.2 percent over the year with 285 of the 355 largest U.S. counties reporting increases. Cleveland, OK, had the largest percentage increase in the country, up 5.8 percent over the year. Ector, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment with a loss of 4.2 percent.

Among the 10 largest counties in Michigan, employment was highest in Oakland County (753,000) and Wayne County (746,100) in December 2019. Kent and Macomb Counties had employment levels of 414,000 and 334,100, respectively. Together, the 10 largest Michigan counties accounted for 70.7 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 355 largest counties made up 73.7 percent of total U.S. employment.

All 10 large Michigan counties reported average weekly wage gains from the fourth quarter of 2018 to the fourth quarter of 2019, with the fastest rates of increase in Genesee and Ingham Counties, up 7.5 percent and 4.6 percent, respectively. In Wayne County, average weekly wages increased 4.1 percent. Oakland County had the highest average weekly wage among the state’s largest counties at $1,311. Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 3.5 percent from a year ago to $1,185 in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 73 counties in Michigan with employment below 75,000. Wage levels in all of these smaller counties were below the national average in December 2019. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

The 7.5-percent annual average weekly wage gain in Genesee County ranked 10th among the nation’s 355 largest counties in the fourth quarter of 2019. Wage increases in Ingham and Wayne Counties also ranked in the top 100 of the nation’s large counties at 60th and 98th, respectively. Two other counties, Kent (3.7 percent) and Oakland (3.6 percent), had wage gains that were higher than the national rate of 3.5 percent. The remaining large counties had over-the-year wage gains that placed in the bottom half of the ranking.

Nationally, 341 of the 355 largest counties had over-the-year wage increases. Santa Cruz, CA, had the largest percentage wage increase (20.7 percent). The remaining 14 large counties had wage declines during the period. Linn, IA, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease (-7.1 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Weekly wages in 3 of the state’s 10 large counties were above the national average of $1,185 in the fourth quarter of 2019. Average weekly wages in Oakland County ($1,311), Wayne County ($1,264), and Washtenaw County ($1,204) ranked 53rd, 64th, and 82nd, respectively, in the top quarter of the national ranking. The average weekly wage in Saginaw County ($943) ranked 287th among 355 largest U.S. counties.

Nationally, 93 large counties reported average weekly wages at or above the U.S. average in the fourth quarter of 2019. Santa Clara, CA, had the highest average weekly wage at $2,825. Average weekly wages were below the national average in 262 counties. At $701 a week, Cameron, TX, had the lowest average weekly wage.

Average weekly wages in Michigan’s smaller counties

All 73 smaller counties in Michigan–those with employment below 75,000–reported average weekly wages below the national average of $1,185. Among these smaller counties, Midland posted the highest weekly wage, $1,167, followed by Kalkaska ($1,055), Calhoun ($1,033), and Jackson ($1,024). Keweenaw County reported the lowest average wage in the state at $584 per week, followed by Ontonagon County at $603 per week.

When all 83 counties in Michigan were considered, 2 reported average weekly wages of less than $650, 9 registered wages from $650 to $749, 33 had wages from $750 to $849, 19 had wages from $850 to $949, and 20 reported average weekly wages of $950 or more. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2018 edition of this publication, which was published in September 2019, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2019 version of this news release. Tables and additional content from the 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online are now available at www.bls.gov/cew/publications/employment-and-wages-annual-averages/2018/home.htm. The 2019 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2020.

The County Employment and Wages release for first quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 19, 2020. The County Employment and Wages full data update for first quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 2, 2020.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/. However, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 10 largest counties in Michigan, fourth quarter 2019
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2019 (thousands) Percent change, December 2018-19 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, fourth quarter 2018-19 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

149,857.1 1.2 -- $1,185 -- 3.5 --

Michigan

4,385.3 0.4 -- 1,115 18 3.4 22

Genesee

139.0 0.9 184 987 245 7.5 10

Ingham

155.6 0.9 184 1,126 131 4.6 60

Kalamazoo

121.5 -0.6 322 1,052 186 0.8 336

Kent

414.0 0.4 241 1,026 207 3.7 133

Macomb

334.1 0.7 204 1,147 118 3.2 181

Oakland

753.0 -0.1 295 1,311 53 3.6 140

Ottawa

128.6 1.1 160 1,002 228 1.7 304

Saginaw

84.9 -0.4 305 943 287 2.4 255

Washtenaw

224.0 1.4 132 1,204 82 2.6 234

Wayne

746.1 0.7 204 1,264 64 4.1 98

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Michigan, fourth quarter 2019
Area Employment December 2019 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

149,857,130 $1,185

Michigan

4,385,295 1,115

Alcona

1,762 768

Alger

2,327 848

Allegan

39,706 988

Alpena

11,370 861

Antrim

5,017 698

Arenac

4,258 777

Baraga

2,914 879

Barry

12,650 841

Bay

34,483 881

Benzie

4,164 732

Berrien

60,321 963

Branch

14,378 860

Calhoun

54,282 1,033

Cass

9,312 846

Charlevoix

9,979 905

Cheboygan

5,673 731

Chippewa

12,341 806

Clare

6,406 815

Clinton

16,400 924

Crawford

4,106 845

Delta

13,775 807

Dickinson

13,398 977

Eaton

42,350 1,009

Emmet

18,290 878

Genesee

139,015 987

Gladwin

3,931 786

Gogebic

5,423 759

Grand Traverse

50,278 945

Gratiot

12,753 977

Hillsdale

12,640 891

Houghton

11,557 855

Huron

11,040 827

Ingham

155,558 1,126

Ionia

21,748 734

Iosco

7,770 864

Iron

3,663 792

Isabella

28,472 806

Jackson

57,148 1,024

Kalamazoo

121,466 1,052

Kalkaska

4,090 1,055

Kent

414,045 1,026

Keweenaw

367 584

Lake

1,817 735

Lapeer

20,796 827

Leelanau

6,052 790

Lenawee

25,497 860

Livingston

63,474 953

Luce

1,758 805

Mackinac

3,292 778

Macomb

334,132 1,147

Manistee

6,963 841

Marquette

26,682 885

Mason

9,997 846

Mecosta

13,600 793

Menominee

7,235 750

Midland

37,146 1,167

Missaukee

3,419 781

Monroe

39,912 992

Montcalm

16,255 821

Montmorency

1,990 721

Muskegon

61,731 895

Newaygo

12,150 810

Oakland

752,992 1,311

Oceana

6,153 768

Ogemaw

5,548 678

Ontonagon

1,303 603

Osceola

7,445 914

Oscoda

1,494 696

Otsego

10,103 849

Ottawa

128,646 1,002

Presque Isle

2,611 782

Roscommon

5,137 695

Saginaw

84,873 943

St. Clair

44,674 942

St. Joseph

23,018 778

Sanilac

10,400 767

Schoolcraft

2,551 879

Shiawassee

15,675 837

Tuscola

11,828 848

Van Buren

20,989 857

Washtenaw

223,992 1,204

Wayne

746,070 1,264

Wexford

14,112 816

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2019
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2019 (thousands) Percent change, December 2018-19 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2018-19 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

149,857.1 1.2 $1,185 -- 3.5 --

Alabama

2,007.9 1.0 985 36 2.6 39

Alaska

309.9 0.6 1,139 16 3.2 27

Arizona

2,999.8 2.7 1,059 23 4.1 7

Arkansas

1,232.9 0.5 898 50 3.2 27

California

17,836.3 1.5 1,457 4 4.7 4

Colorado

2,772.6 2.2 1,227 9 4.0 8

Connecticut

1,687.4 -0.7 1,383 5 3.8 11

Delaware

455.3 0.8 1,136 17 2.6 39

District of Columbia

782.5 0.8 1,992 1 2.5 42

Florida

9,085.5 2.0 1,044 26 3.6 14

Georgia

4,576.1 1.7 1,090 21 3.6 14

Hawaii

665.1 -0.8 1,053 24 3.5 17

Idaho

756.9 3.1 918 46 3.1 32

Illinois

6,043.5 0.2 1,221 10 2.7 38

Indiana

3,106.0 0.6 969 38 3.0 34

Iowa

1,560.4 0.1 984 37 1.9 47

Kansas

1,410.7 0.6 959 40 3.5 17

Kentucky

1,928.3 0.8 955 41 3.2 27

Louisiana

1,927.7 -0.5 993 34 2.5 42

Maine

620.2 0.7 955 41 5.3 2

Maryland

2,728.1 0.9 1,271 8 3.5 17

Massachusetts

3,660.8 0.9 1,511 2 3.8 11

Michigan

4,385.3 0.4 1,115 18 3.4 22

Minnesota

2,912.8 0.4 1,177 14 3.2 27

Mississippi

1,145.0 0.0 818 51 3.2 27

Missouri

2,846.2 0.9 1,010 32 3.0 34

Montana

474.1 1.1 918 46 3.4 22

Nebraska

990.9 0.7 969 38 4.2 6

Nevada

1,435.5 2.7 1,030 29 2.4 45

New Hampshire

671.3 0.8 1,192 12 2.9 37

New Jersey

4,157.4 0.8 1,332 7 2.5 42

New Mexico

844.0 1.5 942 44 4.0 8

New York

9,691.0 0.8 1,499 3 3.7 13

North Carolina

4,546.9 1.9 1,036 28 2.4 45

North Dakota

424.6 0.5 1,085 22 2.6 39

Ohio

5,477.2 0.5 1,037 27 3.1 32

Oklahoma

1,639.4 0.3 945 43 1.4 49

Oregon

1,969.3 1.6 1,100 19 4.6 5

Pennsylvania

5,985.9 0.8 1,143 15 3.6 14

Rhode Island

489.8 0.6 1,099 20 1.1 50

South Carolina

2,144.8 1.2 931 45 4.0 8

South Dakota

430.7 0.6 916 48 3.5 17

Tennessee

3,085.4 1.6 1,047 25 1.6 48

Texas

12,793.0 2.0 1,187 13 3.4 22

Utah

1,547.8 2.5 1,022 30 5.0 3

Vermont

314.0 -0.4 987 35 3.5 17

Virginia

3,978.7 1.2 1,204 11 3.4 22

Washington

3,457.7 2.2 1,370 6 6.4 1

West Virginia

690.3 -2.0 904 49 -1.4 51

Wisconsin

2,898.0 0.2 1,022 30 3.3 26

Wyoming

276.3 1.4 1,007 33 3.0 34

Puerto Rico

910.7 1.5 575 (3) -0.2 (3)

Virgin Islands

39.2 10.8 1,065 (3) 13.5 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 29, 2020