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News Release Information

22-1630-CHI
Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area – July 2022

Area prices were down 0.2 percent over the past month, up 8.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were down 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the food index was virtually unchanged, and the energy index fell 4.1 percent in July. The all items less food and energy index advanced 0.3 percent. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher over the month for shelter, new and used motor vehicles, and household furnishings and operations, but lower for public transportation and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.0 percent over the year. Energy prices increased 46.7. percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices rose 11.0 percent. (See table 1.)


Food

Food prices declined 0.1 percent for the month of July. Prices for food at home (groceries) decreased 0.4 percent as four of the six major grocery store food group indexes decreased over the month. Categories decreasing included other food at home (includes sugar, sweets, fats, and oils, for example), -1.0 percent; dairy and related products, -2.8 percent; and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, -0.9 percent. The index for cereals and bakery products rose 2.3 percent and nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials increased 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 11.0 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 12.7 percent since a year ago. All six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the year. The index for other food at home rose 13.9 percent and the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 10.5 percent. Prices for food away from home were up 8.3 percent compared to July 2021.

Energy

The energy index declined 4.1 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-7.9 percent). Prices for electricity rose 0.7 percent, and prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 46.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (51.7 percent). Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service rose 60.0 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 26.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in July. Higher prices for shelter (0.7 percent), new and used motor vehicles (0.6 percent), and household furnishings and operations (0.6 percent) were contributing factors. Partially offsetting the increases were lower prices for public transportation and apparel (-1.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.0 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.5 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (11.6 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 6.8

February

0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4 0.0 2.0 0.6 1.2 0.8 7.1

March

0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5 -0.7 1.1 0.6 2.6 1.4 7.8

April

0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.9 0.3 1.0 4.6 0.4 7.2

May

0.4 2.3 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.4 1.0 4.7 1.8 8.0

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.4 1.0 0.3 1.1 0.4 4.7 1.7 9.4

July

-0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6 0.2 1.0 0.4 4.9 -0.2 8.8

August

0.1 1.7 0.2 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.1 4.8

September

0.4 1.6 0.2 1.4 0.6 1.4 0.3 4.5

October

0.0 2.0 0.3 1.8 -0.1 1.0 0.7 5.3

November

-0.6 1.0 -0.2 2.2 -0.4 0.8 0.2 6.0

December

-0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 0.9 0.4 6.6

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Jul.
2021
May
2022
Jun.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

274.301 279.004 278.535 8.8 1.5 -0.2

All items (1967=100)

819.498 833.546 832.145 - - -

Food and beverages

299.982 303.697 303.340 10.6 1.1 -0.1

Food

301.455 305.148 304.737 11.0 1.1 -0.1

Food at home

281.208 285.387 284.269 12.7 1.1 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

315.175 314.221 321.582 13.2 2.0 2.3

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

317.170 313.582 310.603 10.5 -2.1 -0.9

Dairy and related products

257.865 265.040 257.636 13.5 -0.1 -2.8

Fruits and vegetables

338.631 352.034 349.048 12.1 3.1 -0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

235.309 236.640 240.548 13.4 2.2 1.7

Other food at home

225.098 231.439 229.176 13.9 1.8 -1.0

Food away from home

320.682 323.100 324.174 8.3 1.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

277.579 281.647 282.142 3.9 1.6 0.2

Housing

286.126 291.346 293.135 8.5 2.4 0.6

Shelter

350.260 352.030 354.599 4.5 1.2 0.7

Rent of primary residence(2)

370.324 372.385 373.912 4.4 1.0 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

359.115 361.048 363.441 4.4 1.2 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

359.115 361.048 363.441 4.4 1.2 0.7

Fuels and utilities

288.474 316.284 316.364 33.5 9.7 0.0

Household energy

239.579 267.182 267.176 42.3 11.5 0.0

Energy services(2)

244.362 272.601 272.593 42.2 11.6 0.0

Electricity(2)

182.603 211.153 212.610 26.2 16.4 0.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

312.385 338.808 336.896 60.0 7.8 -0.6

Household furnishings and operations

104.950 106.712 107.334 10.7 2.3 0.6

Apparel

88.254 88.386 87.356 4.9 -1.0 -1.2

Transportation

244.750 255.049 248.787 20.1 1.6 -2.5

Private transportation

242.676 255.640 250.145 20.0 3.1 -2.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

119.671 120.818 121.498 11.6 1.5 0.6

New vehicles(1)

206.776 207.355 209.066 15.2 1.1 0.8

Used cars and trucks(1)

400.397 408.974 410.551 6.1 2.5 0.4

Motor fuel

427.985 494.863 455.942 51.9 6.5 -7.9

Gasoline (all types)

423.695 490.064 451.306 51.7 6.5 -7.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

411.363 476.399 437.784 52.2 6.4 -8.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

449.471 518.058 485.331 49.7 8.0 -6.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

425.244 484.516 456.924 44.8 7.4 -5.7

Medical care

538.239 540.711 540.800 2.2 0.5 0.0

Recreation(4)

120.756 120.646 120.838 3.1 0.1 0.2

Education and communication(4)

139.353 139.339 139.510 -1.4 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,231.527 1,234.059 1,235.996 0.4 0.4 0.2

Other goods and services

429.406 431.798 435.719 5.7 1.5 0.9

Commodity and service group

All items

274.301 279.004 278.535 8.8 1.5 -0.2

Commodities

200.778 206.135 204.461 12.4 1.8 -0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

151.427 156.979 154.960 13.7 2.3 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

209.315 221.462 215.256 19.0 2.8 -2.8

Durables

100.615 101.785 102.368 8.3 1.7 0.6

Services

342.324 345.963 346.927 6.5 1.3 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

263.226 268.065 267.566 9.5 1.6 -0.2

All items less shelter

248.306 253.916 252.479 10.9 1.7 -0.6

Commodities less food

156.182 161.780 159.786 13.3 2.3 -1.2

Nondurables

254.993 263.223 259.757 14.1 1.9 -1.3

Nondurables less food

214.236 226.046 220.145 17.8 2.8 -2.6

Services less rent of shelter(3)

350.903 356.711 355.970 8.7 1.4 -0.2

Services less medical care services

326.768 330.548 331.688 7.1 1.5 0.3

Energy

311.657 354.081 339.640 46.7 9.0 -4.1

All items less energy

273.947 275.500 276.211 6.0 0.8 0.3

All items less food and energy

269.874 271.033 271.956 5.0 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 10, 2022