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News Release Information

22-1566-CHI
Wednesday, August 03, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment — June 2022

Total nonfarm employment for the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, metropolitan area increased by 97,200 over the year in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1 and table 1.) Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the local rate of job gain, 5.0 percent, compared to the 4.2-percent national increase. (All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)


Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI, with 62 percent of the metropolitan area’s total payroll, gained 54,900 jobs over the year. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, which accounted for 38 percent of the area’s employment, gained 42,300 jobs since June 2021.

Industry employment

In Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, leisure and hospitality had the largest gain (+21,800) among metropolitan area private-industry supersectors, with both divisions recording increases. (See chart 2.) Within the supersector, the accommodation and food services sector added 19,900 jobs in the metropolitan area. The 13.3-percent rise in the metropolitan area’s leisure and hospitality supersector compared to the 10.5-percent gain on a national level.


Manufacturing added 20,200 jobs over the year in the metropolitan area, with both divisions recording increases. The metropolitan area had an 8.6-percent gain compared to the 4.2-percent increase for the nation.

Professional and business services added 20,100 jobs over the year in the metropolitan area. The professional, scientific, and technical services sector accounted for 13,800 jobs gained in this supersector. The metropolitan area had a 5.2-percent gain compared to the 5.5-percent increase for the nation.

Trade, transportation, and utilities gained 15,900 jobs in the metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI, division added 10,800 jobs. Trade, transportation, and utilities employment in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, metropolitan area rose 4.3 percent, compared to the national increase of 3.9 percent.

The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment release for July 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 31, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

2022 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey Data

Each year, Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that nearly all employers are required to file. As part of the benchmark process for benchmark year 2022, census-derived employment counts replace CES payroll employment estimates for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and about 450 metropolitan areas and divisions for the period from April 2021 to September 2022.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release first-quarter 2022 data from the QCEW on August 24, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). Preliminary benchmark revisions for March 2022 for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and selected metropolitan areas at the total nonfarm level will be made available shortly thereafter on the CES State and Area homepage at www.bls.gov/sae. The final benchmark revision for all state and metropolitan area series will be issued with the publication of the January 2023 State Employment and Unemployment news release in March 2023.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the CES program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described above) combined with other regressors to decrease volatility in estimation.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/bmrk_article.htm.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal totals shown in the same tables due to rounding.

Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

  • The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division includes Wayne County in Michigan.

  • The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Additional information

Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jun
2021
Apr
2022
May
2022
Jun
2022(p)
Jun 2021 to
Jun 2022(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

Total nonfarm

146,493 150,957 151,748 152,692 6,199 4.2

Mining and logging

569 609 615 629 60 10.5

Construction

7,557 7,552 7,710 7,858 301 4.0

Manufacturing

12,353 12,701 12,743 12,875 522 4.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,623 28,350 28,449 28,692 1,069 3.9

Information

2,823 2,947 2,975 3,031 208 7.4

Financial activities

8,780 8,899 8,926 8,994 214 2.4

Professional and business services

21,156 22,106 22,159 22,310 1,154 5.5

Education and health services

23,458 24,318 24,263 24,145 687 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,760 15,326 15,758 16,315 1,555 10.5

Other services

5,514 5,654 5,694 5,770 256 4.6

Government

21,900 22,495 22,456 22,073 173 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

1,936.6 1,984.9 2,002.0 2,033.8 97.2 5.0

Mining, logging, and construction

82.0 79.5 82.8 84.3 2.3 2.8

Manufacturing

235.1 248.5 249.1 255.3 20.2 8.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

368.4 380.1 381.5 384.3 15.9 4.3

Information

26.8 27.7 27.9 28.0 1.2 4.5

Financial activities

129.4 129.5 128.6 132.7 3.3 2.6

Professional and business services

384.3 392.9 396.9 404.4 20.1 5.2

Education and health services

298.4 300.4 301.7 301.9 3.5 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

164.4 169.5 177.2 186.2 21.8 13.3

Other services

68.9 70.5 71.8 72.8 3.9 5.7

Government

178.9 186.3 184.5 183.9 5.0 2.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

723.4 754.5 757.3 765.7 42.3 5.8

Mining, logging, and construction

22.9 22.8 23.3 24.0 1.1 4.8

Manufacturing

83.5 89.6 90.4 93.6 10.1 12.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

146.7 151.3 151.6 151.8 5.1 3.5

Information

7.1 7.6 7.7 7.7 0.6 8.5

Financial activities

43.8 44.8 44.9 45.4 1.6 3.7

Professional and business services

127.9 132.5 132.3 136.0 8.1 6.3

Education and health services

122.2 125.0 126.0 124.5 2.3 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

61.2 68.3 68.7 71.0 9.8 16.0

Other services

25.3 26.1 26.6 26.8 1.5 5.9

Government

82.8 86.5 85.8 84.9 2.1 2.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,213.2 1,230.4 1,244.7 1,268.1 54.9 4.5

Mining, logging, and construction

59.1 56.7 59.5 60.3 1.2 2.0

Manufacturing

151.6 158.9 158.7 161.7 10.1 6.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

221.7 228.8 229.9 232.5 10.8 4.9

Information

19.7 20.1 20.2 20.3 0.6 3.0

Financial activities

85.6 84.7 83.7 87.3 1.7 2.0

Professional and business services

256.4 260.4 264.6 268.4 12.0 4.7

Education and health services

176.2 175.4 175.7 177.4 1.2 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

103.2 101.2 108.5 115.2 12.0 11.6

Other services

43.6 44.4 45.2 46.0 2.4 5.5

Government

96.1 99.8 98.7 99.0 2.9 3.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 03, 2022