Thursday, January 12, 2023
Prices in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), declined 1.0 percent for the two months ending in December 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the energy index declined 14.7 percent, and the food index decreased 1.0 percent from October to December. The all items less food and energy index rose 0.5 percent over the past two months. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.5 percent over the year. Food prices rose 12.2 percent. Energy prices were up 3.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of utility (piped) gas service.
Food prices declined 1.0 percent for the two months ending in December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home (groceries) declined 1.5 percent, and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were unchanged for the same period.
Over the year, food prices were up 12.2 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 13.4 percent over the year. All six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the year. The index for other food at home (includes sugar, sweets, fats, and oils, for example) rose 22.5 percent, dairy and related products increased 19.2 percent, fruits and vegetables increased 14.5 percent, and cereals and bakery products advanced 13.8 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 10.1 percent.Energy
The energy index decreased 14.7 percent for the two months ending in December. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-23.5 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service fell 8.3 percent, and prices for electricity were down 4.2 percent for the same period.
Energy prices advanced 3.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for utility (piped) gas service (18.8 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 1.9 percent, while prices for gasoline decreased 4.3 percent during the past year.All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.5 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.6 percent) and recreation (1.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-5.1 percent) and apparel (-2.0 percent).
Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (3.6 percent) and recreation (5.1 percent).
The February 2023 Consumer Price Index for the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 14, 2023, at 7:30 a.m. (CT).
The Consumer Price Index for Chicago is published monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, Core Based Statistical Area consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
All items (1967=100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence(2)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service(2)
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(4)
Used cars and trucks(1)
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)
Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)
Education and communication(4)
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(3)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Thursday, January 12, 2023