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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements. Excludes “Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators” (23-1022).


National estimates for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
Industry profile for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
Geographic profile for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

National estimates for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
13,840 0.4 % $ 50.08 $ 104,160 0.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 22.87 $ 30.70 $ 49.30 $ 63.70 $ 86.79
Annual Wage (2) $ 47,580 $ 63,850 $ 102,550 $ 132,490 $ 180,520


Industry profile for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 7,380 0.34 $ 42.64 $ 88,690
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 4,460 0.21 $ 65.98 $ 137,240
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,960 0.04 $ 41.99 $ 87,330

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 7,380 0.34 $ 42.64 $ 88,690
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 4,460 0.21 $ 65.98 $ 137,240
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,960 0.04 $ 41.99 $ 87,330

Top paying industries for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 4,460 0.21 $ 65.98 $ 137,240
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 7,380 0.34 $ 42.64 $ 88,690
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,960 0.04 $ 41.99 $ 87,330


Geographic profile for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,710 0.10 1.05 $ 64.42 $ 133,980
New York 1,260 0.15 1.48 $ 53.77 $ 111,840
Texas 800 0.07 0.67 $ 48.07 $ 99,990
Pennsylvania 770 0.14 1.41 $ 46.14 $ 95,970
Ohio 670 0.13 1.30 $ 43.82 $ 91,140


Map of location quotient of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oregon 600 0.33 3.32 $ 37.78 $ 78,580
New Hampshire 140 0.21 2.16 $ 38.69 $ 80,470
Connecticut 310 0.20 2.03 $ 45.07 $ 93,750
Montana 90 0.19 1.95 $ 33.34 $ 69,360
West Virginia 120 0.19 1.89 $ 38.61 $ 80,320


Map of annual mean wages of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alabama 70 0.04 0.39 $ 68.56 $ 142,600
Missouri 130 0.05 0.49 $ 67.24 $ 139,860
Massachusetts 190 0.06 0.56 $ 66.50 $ 138,330
Indiana 70 0.02 0.24 $ 66.04 $ 137,370
California 1,710 0.10 1.05 $ 64.42 $ 133,980



Map of employment of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,070 0.12 1.25 $ 55.48 $ 115,410
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 690 0.12 1.24 $ 62.24 $ 129,460
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 630 0.21 2.18 $ 63.80 $ 132,710
Columbus, OH 390 0.38 3.88 $ 34.54 $ 71,840
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 380 0.14 1.46 $ 46.05 $ 95,780
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 370 0.14 1.44 $ 38.98 $ 81,070
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 350 0.08 0.84 $ 53.12 $ 110,480
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 350 0.15 1.57 $ 65.27 $ 135,760
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 300 0.10 1.05 $ 53.88 $ 112,070
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 280 0.28 2.90 $ 71.54 $ 148,800


Map of location quotient of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Salem, OR 170 1.03 10.46 $ 43.06 $ 89,570
Santa Fe, NM 40 0.77 7.88 $ 32.84 $ 68,310
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 130 0.65 6.66 $ 57.25 $ 119,070
Tallahassee, FL 90 0.52 5.33 $ 46.02 $ 95,720
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 210 0.51 5.15 $ 44.15 $ 91,830
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 140 0.44 4.45 $ 46.11 $ 95,900
Albuquerque, NM 150 0.42 4.25 $ 40.03 $ 83,260
Columbus, OH 390 0.38 3.88 $ 34.54 $ 71,840
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 190 0.35 3.52 $ 46.69 $ 97,120
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 280 0.28 2.90 $ 71.54 $ 148,800


Map of annual mean wages of administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas City, MO-KS 50 0.05 0.47 $ 73.03 $ 151,900
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 280 0.28 2.90 $ 71.54 $ 148,800
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 40 0.04 0.36 $ 67.82 $ 141,070
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 350 0.15 1.57 $ 65.27 $ 135,760
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 70 0.04 0.45 $ 65.01 $ 135,220
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 110 0.03 0.30 $ 64.71 $ 134,600
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 630 0.21 2.18 $ 63.80 $ 132,710
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 130 0.05 0.53 $ 63.32 $ 131,710
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 690 0.12 1.24 $ 62.24 $ 129,460
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 110 0.11 1.15 $ 61.79 $ 128,510

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 170 0.99 10.05 $ 19.84 $ 41,260
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 3.97 $ 28.32 $ 58,910
Hill Country Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 40 0.23 2.33 $ 27.53 $ 57,250
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 40 0.29 3.00 $ 35.13 $ 73,070
Arizona nonmetropolitan area 40 0.41 4.17 $ 33.88 $ 70,480

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 170 0.99 10.05 $ 19.84 $ 41,260
East-Central Montana nonmetropolitan area 30 0.52 5.27 $ 27.03 $ 56,220
Arizona nonmetropolitan area 40 0.41 4.17 $ 33.88 $ 70,480
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 3.97 $ 28.32 $ 58,910
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 40 0.29 3.00 $ 35.13 $ 73,070

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 40 0.29 3.00 $ 35.13 $ 73,070
Arizona nonmetropolitan area 40 0.41 4.17 $ 33.88 $ 70,480
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 3.97 $ 28.32 $ 58,910
Hill Country Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 40 0.23 2.33 $ 27.53 $ 57,250
East-Central Montana nonmetropolitan area 30 0.52 5.27 $ 27.03 $ 56,220


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022