Table 2. Employment-population ratios of persons 16 years of age and over by region, division, and state, 2017-18 annual averages

Table 2.  Employment-population ratios of persons 16 years of age and over by region, division,
and state, 2017-18 annual averages

(Percent)
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                   Employment-population                                        
                                         ratio (1)        Over-the-       Error range of       
  Region, division, and state                               year                ratio,
                                                           change              2018 (2)          
                                      2017       2018                                           
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
     United States.............       60.1       60.4        0.3          60.2    -    60.6

Northeast......................       60.1       60.6         .5          60.2    -    61.0
   New England.................       63.4       64.4        1.0          63.7    -    65.0
      Connecticut..............       62.8       63.4         .6          62.1    -    64.7
      Maine....................       61.4       61.2        -.2          59.8    -    62.6
      Massachusetts............       63.7       65.3        1.6          64.4    -    66.2
      New Hampshire............       66.4       66.6         .2          65.6    -    67.7
      Rhode Island.............       61.6       61.9         .3          60.7    -    63.2
      Vermont..................       65.0       64.9        -.1          63.8    -    66.1

   Middle Atlantic.............       59.0       59.2         .2          58.7    -    59.7
      New Jersey...............       60.2       59.9        -.3          58.9    -    60.8
      New York.................       58.0       58.5         .5          57.8    -    59.2
      Pennsylvania.............       59.6       59.9         .3          59.1    -    60.6

Midwest........................       62.4       62.5         .1          62.1    -    62.9
   East North Central..........       61.1       61.2         .1          60.7    -    61.7
      Illinois.................       61.4       61.7         .3          60.9    -    62.5
      Indiana..................       62.2       62.7         .5          61.6    -    63.8
      Michigan.................       58.6       58.8         .2          57.9    -    59.7
      Ohio.....................       59.6       59.5        -.1          58.7    -    60.3
      Wisconsin................       66.2       65.9        -.3          64.8    -    66.9

   West North Central..........       65.3       65.3         .0          64.7    -    65.9
      Iowa.....................       66.3       66.7         .4          65.5    -    68.0
      Kansas...................       64.3       64.5         .2          63.3    -    65.6
      Minnesota................       67.8       67.8         .0          66.7    -    69.0
      Missouri.................       61.7       61.6        -.1          60.6    -    62.6
      Nebraska.................       67.1       67.3         .2          66.3    -    68.3
      North Dakota.............       68.9       67.7       -1.2          66.2    -    69.2
      South Dakota.............       66.7       66.6        -.1          65.3    -    67.9

South..........................       58.9       59.2         .3          58.9    -    59.4
   South Atlantic..............       59.2       59.3         .1          58.9    -    59.8
      Delaware.................       59.8       60.2         .4          58.9    -    61.4
      District of Columbia.....       66.2       66.5         .3          65.3    -    67.7
      Florida..................       57.1       57.3         .2          56.6    -    57.9
      Georgia..................       60.3       60.6         .3          59.7    -    61.5
      Maryland.................       64.6       64.6         .0          63.5    -    65.7
      North Carolina...........       58.8       58.8         .0          58.0    -    59.6
      South Carolina...........       55.9       56.0         .1          55.2    -    56.9
      Virginia.................       62.9       63.2         .3          62.3    -    64.2
      West Virginia............       50.5       51.0         .5          49.3    -    52.6

   East South Central..........       56.0       56.4         .4          55.7    -    57.0
      Alabama..................       54.3       54.9         .6          53.9    -    55.9
      Kentucky.................       56.2       56.5         .3          55.3    -    57.7
      Mississippi..............       53.1       53.0        -.1          51.8    -    54.2
      Tennessee................       58.3       58.8         .5          57.7    -    59.8

   West South Central..........       59.8       60.2         .4          59.7    -    60.7
      Arkansas.................       55.8       55.7        -.1          54.7    -    56.7
      Louisiana................       55.7       55.9         .2          54.8    -    56.9
      Oklahoma.................       58.6       59.1         .5          57.9    -    60.3
      Texas....................       61.1       61.5         .4          61.0    -    62.1

West...........................       60.1       60.5         .4          60.2    -    60.9
   Mountain....................       61.2       61.7         .5          61.1    -    62.3
      Arizona..................       57.6       58.4         .8          57.3    -    59.4
      Colorado.................       66.2       66.9         .7          65.7    -    68.1
      Idaho....................       61.9       62.3         .4          61.2    -    63.4
      Montana..................       60.5       60.3        -.2          59.3    -    61.4
      Nevada...................       59.5       60.1         .6          59.2    -    61.1
      New Mexico...............       54.2       54.7         .5          53.6    -    55.9
      Utah.....................       66.6       66.1        -.5          65.1    -    67.2
      Wyoming..................       62.6       62.1        -.5          60.7    -    63.4

   Pacific.....................       59.6       60.0         .4          59.6    -    60.4
      Alaska...................       61.4       60.9        -.5          59.5    -    62.4
      California...............       59.2       59.8         .6          59.4    -    60.3
      Hawaii...................       61.0       60.6        -.4          59.5    -    61.8
      Oregon...................       60.2       59.8        -.4          58.5    -    61.0
      Washington...............       60.7       61.0         .3          60.0    -    61.9

Puerto Rico....................       35.7       36.7        1.0                  NA

   1 Employment as a percent of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age
and over.
   2 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded
data.
   NA = Data not available.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Employment-population ratios are based on
unrounded levels. Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model
re-estimation. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to
the Current Population Survey.

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Last Modified Date: February 28, 2019