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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022

Total not in the labor force

100,723 100,110 17,131 17,583 23,475 22,286 60,118 60,241 41,204 41,371 59,519 58,739

Do not want a job now(1)

94,258 94,398 15,354 15,915 20,423 19,684 58,480 58,798 38,055 38,587 56,202 55,811

Want a job(1)

6,466 5,712 1,776 1,668 3,051 2,602 1,638 1,442 3,149 2,784 3,317 2,928

Did not search for work in previous year

3,965 3,445 1,043 1,028 1,732 1,370 1,190 1,047 1,831 1,588 2,134 1,857

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,501 2,267 733 640 1,319 1,232 448 395 1,318 1,196 1,183 1,071

Not available to work now

738 697 289 282 372 352 77 63 312 305 426 392

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,763 1,570 445 358 948 880 371 332 1,006 891 757 679

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

573 477 116 90 327 272 129 116 329 323 244 154

Reasons other than discouragement

1,190 1,092 328 269 620 608 242 216 677 568 513 524

Family responsibilities

119 169 7 16 92 124 20 28 48 41 71 128

In school or training

154 102 127 75 24 17 3 10 85 50 69 53

Ill health or disability

176 95 39 14 94 43 44 38 112 47 64 48

Other(5)

741 726 155 162 412 424 175 140 431 431 310 295

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job, such as passive jobseekers.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 06, 2022