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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2022

Total not in the labor force

99,930 100,436 16,673 17,198 22,584 22,224 60,672 61,014 40,986 41,542 58,944 58,894

Do not want a job now(1)

94,438 95,225 15,387 15,936 20,010 19,876 59,042 59,413 38,463 38,972 55,975 56,253

Want a job(1)

5,491 5,211 1,287 1,263 2,575 2,348 1,630 1,601 2,523 2,570 2,968 2,642

Did not search for work in previous year

3,392 3,187 774 692 1,442 1,394 1,177 1,102 1,568 1,578 1,825 1,609

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,099 2,024 513 571 1,133 954 453 499 955 992 1,144 1,032

Not available to work now

505 522 123 145 279 293 103 84 176 241 329 282

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,594 1,501 390 426 854 661 350 415 780 751 814 750

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

471 430 90 132 282 198 99 100 288 298 183 133

Reasons other than discouragement

1,123 1,071 300 293 573 462 251 315 492 453 631 618

Family responsibilities

158 127 22 36 100 67 35 24 56 34 102 93

In school or training

162 109 113 85 49 24 0 0 65 58 97 51

Ill health or disability

107 208 17 14 37 86 53 108 51 87 56 121

Other(5)

697 627 147 158 386 286 163 183 320 274 377 353

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job, such as passive jobseekers.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: December 02, 2022