HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017

Total not in the labor force

95,774 96,230 17,659 17,787 23,477 22,850 54,638 55,593 38,636 38,955 57,138 57,275

Do not want a job now(1)

90,325 91,158 16,092 16,308 21,095 20,732 53,138 54,118 36,005 36,625 54,320 54,533

Want a job(1)

5,449 5,071 1,567 1,479 2,382 2,117 1,500 1,475 2,631 2,330 2,819 2,742

Did not search for work in previous year

3,206 2,951 910 773 1,295 1,200 1,001 978 1,486 1,334 1,720 1,617

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,243 2,121 657 706 1,087 917 499 497 1,145 996 1,098 1,125

Not available to work now

559 498 194 213 288 209 77 76 181 185 378 313

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,684 1,623 464 493 799 708 422 422 963 811 721 812

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

426 474 68 127 217 189 142 158 295 316 131 158

Reasons other than discouragement

1,258 1,149 395 366 582 519 280 263 668 495 590 654

Family responsibilities

235 187 14 28 153 114 67 44 105 29 130 157

In school or training

247 189 181 154 57 25 9 10 125 86 122 103

Ill health or disability

148 134 22 15 79 65 47 55 85 58 63 76

Other(5)

627 639 177 169 293 315 157 154 352 321 275 317

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 05, 2018