HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
June
2018
June
2019
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
June
2018
June
2019
June
2018
June
2019
June
2018
June
2019
June
2018
June
2019
June
2018
June
2019

Total not in the labor force

94,365 94,917 15,369 14,988 22,937 22,776 56,059 57,154 37,616 37,870 56,749 57,048

Do not want a job now(1)

88,712 89,192 13,473 12,998 20,658 20,524 54,581 55,670 35,008 35,145 53,704 54,048

Want a job(1)

5,654 5,725 1,896 1,989 2,280 2,252 1,478 1,484 2,608 2,725 3,046 3,000

Did not search for work in previous year

3,585 3,435 1,165 1,212 1,336 1,212 1,085 1,011 1,552 1,601 2,033 1,834

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,069 2,290 732 777 944 1,040 393 472 1,056 1,124 1,013 1,166

Not available to work now

632 720 300 330 260 299 72 90 252 313 380 407

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,437 1,571 432 447 684 741 321 382 804 811 633 759

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

359 425 86 105 160 182 113 138 240 295 120 130

Reasons other than discouragement

1,078 1,146 346 342 523 559 209 244 565 516 513 629

Family responsibilities

201 188 27 14 132 143 42 32 66 77 134 111

In school or training

189 137 139 110 50 28 0 0 124 74 65 63

Ill health or disability

103 154 12 8 52 71 40 76 41 36 63 118

Other(5)

584 666 168 211 289 319 127 137 334 329 251 337

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 05, 2019