Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2021 2022
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

202,199 202,250 202,819 202,875 202,932 202,982 203,039 203,125 203,229 203,324 203,420 203,522 203,617

Civilian labor force

124,677 124,780 125,782 126,139 126,364 125,664 125,772 125,706 125,705 126,172 126,183 126,164 125,812

Participation rate

61.7 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.1 62.0 62.0 61.8

Employed

120,084 120,749 121,497 121,967 122,357 121,606 121,724 121,587 121,822 122,129 122,329 122,078 121,731

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.7 59.9 60.1 60.3 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9 60.1 60.1 60.0 59.8

Unemployed

4,593 4,032 4,285 4,172 4,007 4,058 4,048 4,119 3,884 4,043 3,855 4,087 4,081

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

77,521 77,469 77,038 76,736 76,568 77,319 77,267 77,419 77,524 77,152 77,237 77,358 77,805

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,973 65,000 65,736 65,972 66,059 65,540 65,653 65,556 65,430 65,600 65,940 66,028 65,681

Participation rate

70.0 70.0 70.2 70.5 70.6 70.0 70.1 70.0 69.8 69.9 70.3 70.3 69.9

Employed

62,835 63,047 63,612 63,995 64,043 63,521 63,620 63,529 63,464 63,553 64,048 64,043 63,703

Employment-population ratio

67.7 67.9 68.0 68.4 68.4 67.8 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.7 68.2 68.2 67.8

Unemployed

2,138 1,953 2,124 1,977 2,015 2,020 2,033 2,027 1,966 2,048 1,892 1,985 1,978

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,069 55,177 55,169 55,312 55,376 55,215 55,315 55,318 55,565 55,661 55,351 55,334 55,159

Participation rate

56.6 56.7 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.3 57.4 57.0 57.0 56.8

Employed

53,030 53,493 53,449 53,571 53,803 53,656 53,731 53,727 54,123 54,125 53,914 53,695 53,549

Employment-population ratio

54.5 54.9 55.2 55.3 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.4 55.8 55.8 55.5 55.3 55.1

Unemployed

2,039 1,684 1,720 1,740 1,572 1,559 1,583 1,591 1,442 1,535 1,437 1,638 1,610

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,635 4,603 4,877 4,855 4,930 4,909 4,804 4,832 4,711 4,911 4,892 4,803 4,972

Participation rate

38.4 38.2 39.1 38.9 39.5 39.4 38.5 38.7 37.7 39.3 39.1 38.4 39.7

Employed

4,219 4,209 4,435 4,400 4,510 4,429 4,373 4,331 4,235 4,451 4,366 4,340 4,479

Employment-population ratio

35.0 34.9 35.6 35.3 36.2 35.5 35.1 34.7 33.9 35.6 34.9 34.7 35.8

Unemployed

415 395 442 455 420 480 431 501 476 460 526 463 493

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.6 9.1 9.4 8.5 9.8 9.0 10.4 10.1 9.4 10.8 9.6 9.9


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,725 33,749 33,978 34,004 34,030 34,055 34,079 34,107 34,138 34,171 34,204 34,237 34,272

Civilian labor force

20,477 20,506 21,056 21,145 21,134 21,209 21,475 21,213 21,174 21,123 21,258 21,243 21,365

Participation rate

60.7 60.8 62.0 62.2 62.1 62.3 63.0 62.2 62.0 61.8 62.1 62.0 62.3

Employed

19,143 19,057 19,597 19,751 19,825 19,963 20,141 19,975 19,907 19,776 20,014 19,984 20,138

Employment-population ratio

56.8 56.5 57.7 58.1 58.3 58.6 59.1 58.6 58.3 57.9 58.5 58.4 58.8

Unemployed

1,335 1,449 1,459 1,394 1,309 1,246 1,335 1,238 1,268 1,347 1,243 1,259 1,226

Unemployment rate

6.5 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.7

Not in labor force

13,248 13,243 12,922 12,859 12,895 12,846 12,604 12,895 12,964 13,048 12,946 12,994 12,907

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,466 9,378 9,741 9,966 9,817 9,969 9,983 9,866 9,764 9,707 9,894 9,779 9,947

Participation rate

66.4 65.7 67.5 69.0 67.9 68.9 68.9 68.1 67.3 66.8 68.0 67.2 68.3

Employed

8,787 8,723 9,051 9,327 9,264 9,360 9,416 9,342 9,212 9,125 9,321 9,264 9,408

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.1 62.7 64.5 64.1 64.7 65.0 64.4 63.5 62.8 64.1 63.6 64.6

Unemployed

679 655 690 640 553 608 566 524 552 582 573 514 540

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.0 7.1 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,301 10,445 10,568 10,537 10,569 10,555 10,731 10,628 10,688 10,643 10,636 10,699 10,632

Participation rate

60.3 61.1 61.9 61.7 61.8 61.7 62.7 62.0 62.3 62.0 61.9 62.2 61.8

Employed

9,802 9,794 9,954 9,897 9,984 10,022 10,102 10,030 10,119 10,018 10,058 10,081 10,077

Employment-population ratio

57.4 57.3 58.3 57.9 58.4 58.6 59.0 58.6 59.0 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

500 651 614 640 585 533 629 598 569 625 578 619 555

Unemployment rate

4.9 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

711 683 747 642 749 686 762 719 722 773 728 765 786

Participation rate

29.8 28.6 30.2 26.0 30.3 27.7 30.8 29.0 29.1 31.1 29.3 30.7 31.5

Employed

554 540 592 528 577 581 622 603 576 634 635 639 654

Employment-population ratio

23.2 22.6 24.0 21.4 23.3 23.5 25.1 24.3 23.2 25.5 25.5 25.7 26.2

Unemployed

157 143 155 114 172 104 140 116 146 140 92 127 132

Unemployment rate

22.0 21.0 20.7 17.8 22.9 15.2 18.3 16.1 20.3 18.1 12.7 16.5 16.8


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,513 16,612 16,903 16,782 16,803 16,826 16,815 16,910 16,920 16,989 17,132 17,129 16,980

Civilian labor force

10,781 10,739 10,880 10,555 10,761 10,837 10,912 10,894 10,980 11,096 11,122 11,124 11,005

Participation rate

65.3 64.6 64.4 62.9 64.0 64.4 64.9 64.4 64.9 65.3 64.9 64.9 64.8

Employed

10,362 10,326 10,492 10,231 10,460 10,504 10,651 10,565 10,693 10,790 10,848 10,797 10,714

Employment-population ratio

62.8 62.2 62.1 61.0 62.3 62.4 63.3 62.5 63.2 63.5 63.3 63.0 63.1

Unemployed

419 413 388 324 300 333 261 330 287 307 274 327 292

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.7

Not in labor force

5,731 5,873 6,022 6,227 6,042 5,989 5,903 6,016 5,940 5,893 6,009 6,005 5,974


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

45,232 45,303 45,740 45,816 45,888 45,963 46,039 46,119 46,200 46,287 46,373 46,459 46,545

Civilian labor force

29,979 29,883 30,390 30,492 30,475 30,376 30,610 30,670 30,363 30,918 30,650 30,710 30,572

Participation rate

66.3 66.0 66.4 66.6 66.4 66.1 66.5 66.5 65.7 66.8 66.1 66.1 65.7

Employed

28,432 28,427 28,893 29,136 29,209 29,121 29,279 29,364 29,170 29,539 29,470 29,434 29,371

Employment-population ratio

62.9 62.7 63.2 63.6 63.7 63.4 63.6 63.7 63.1 63.8 63.5 63.4 63.1

Unemployed

1,547 1,456 1,497 1,356 1,265 1,255 1,331 1,306 1,193 1,379 1,180 1,277 1,201

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.8 4.2 3.9

Not in labor force

15,253 15,420 15,350 15,324 15,414 15,587 15,429 15,449 15,837 15,369 15,724 15,749 15,973

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,422 16,266 16,586 16,700 16,619 16,604 16,717 16,743 16,452 16,625 16,506 16,638 16,501

Participation rate

80.3 79.4 80.0 80.4 79.9 79.7 80.1 80.1 78.6 79.3 78.6 79.1 78.3

Employed

15,681 15,580 15,867 16,086 15,979 15,989 16,152 16,170 15,870 15,976 15,971 16,004 15,918

Employment-population ratio

76.7 76.1 76.6 77.5 76.8 76.8 77.4 77.4 75.8 76.2 76.0 76.0 75.5

Unemployed

741 687 719 614 640 615 566 573 581 649 535 634 583

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,170 12,288 12,383 12,403 12,477 12,331 12,466 12,486 12,515 12,812 12,778 12,655 12,631

Participation rate

58.7 59.2 59.6 59.6 59.8 59.0 59.6 59.6 59.6 60.9 60.6 59.9 59.7

Employed

11,531 11,682 11,775 11,802 11,950 11,857 11,876 11,926 12,113 12,264 12,321 12,186 12,175

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.3 56.6 56.7 57.3 56.8 56.8 56.9 57.7 58.3 58.5 57.7 57.6

Unemployed

639 606 608 601 527 474 591 560 402 547 457 469 457

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.2 3.8 4.7 4.5 3.2 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,387 1,328 1,421 1,389 1,379 1,441 1,427 1,441 1,397 1,482 1,365 1,417 1,439

Participation rate

34.1 32.6 33.6 32.8 32.5 34.0 33.5 33.8 32.7 34.6 31.8 33.0 33.4

Employed

1,220 1,165 1,251 1,248 1,280 1,275 1,252 1,268 1,187 1,299 1,178 1,243 1,278

Employment-population ratio

30.0 28.6 29.6 29.5 30.2 30.1 29.4 29.7 27.8 30.3 27.5 28.9 29.7

Unemployed

167 163 170 141 98 165 175 173 210 183 187 174 161

Unemployment rate

12.1 12.2 12.0 10.2 7.1 11.5 12.2 12.0 15.0 12.3 13.7 12.3 11.2


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: December 02, 2022