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Wednesday, June 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington — May 2019

Area prices rise 0.4 percent in April and May; up 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington rose 0.4 percent in April and May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that a 6.1-percent increase in energy costs was the biggest factor in the two-month rise, though a 0.8-percent rise in food prices also contributed. In contrast, the index for all items less food and energy dipped 0.2 percent in April and May. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, short-term changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

During the year ended in May 2019, the all items CPI-U rose 1.5 percent, the slowest rate of annual increase since the year ended in July 2016. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.6 percent during the latest year, its slowest rate of increase since the year ended in July 2015. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.8 percent in April and May, after increasing 1.1 percent in February and March. Both sub-components contributed to the current bimonthly increase as prices for food away from home increased 0.9 percent and prices for food at home rose 0.7 percent.

During the 12 months ended in May 2019, total food prices were up 2.5 percent, the fastest annual rise since November 2014. The gain reflected differing rates of increase among the sub-components. Prices for food away from home climbed 5.1 percent over the year, while the index for food at home (grocery prices) was essentially unchanged over the year (+0.1 percent).

Energy

Energy costs rose 6.1 percent in April and May, after climbing 11.0 percent in February and March. The current energy advance was almost entirely the result of an 11.9-percent increase in motor fuel costs, though higher electricity prices, up 0.3 percent, also made a small contribution. Partially offsetting these increases, prices for natural gas fell 9.5 percent in April and May.

Despite the bimonthly increase, the energy index fell 1.1 percent during the year ended in May 2019. The annual decline was the result of lower prices for both natural gas and motor fuel, down 19.5 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively. In contrast, electricity prices rose 7.2 percent during the previous 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy dipped 0.2 percent in April and May, after rising 0.3 percent in February and March. A number of indexes registered decreases in the latest period, but the leading factors were lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-3.9 percent), new and used motor vehicles (-1.4 percent), and recreation (-0.7 percent); prices also declined for lodging away from home. Slowing the overall rate of decrease, several categories registered price increases during the bimonthly period. In particular, prices rose for owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence (0.4 percent), rent of primary residence (0.7 percent), and public transportation.

From May 2018 to May 2019, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent. Higher shelter costs, up 1.9 percent, were responsible for the largest share of the annual rise, but price increases for medical care (3.4 percent) and other goods and services (4.1 percent) were also large contributors.

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for All Items for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington is scheduled to be released Tuesday, August 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas, Core Based Statistical Area includes Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Hood, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Somervell, Tarrant, and Wise Counties.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

All items

236.495 - 237.485 1.5 0.4 -

All items (1967 = 100)

741.872 - 744.978      

Food and beverages

255.969 - 257.955 2.5 0.8 -

Food

250.559 - 252.480 2.5 0.8 -

Food at home

210.985 211.048 212.370 0.1 0.7 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

266.188 - 263.247 4.4 -1.1 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

239.060 - 243.236 -0.1 1.7 -

Dairy and related products

190.796 - 191.188 -4.1 0.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

195.353 - 192.069 -4.5 -1.7 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

172.705 - 182.188 2.6 5.5 -

Other food at home

200.436 - 200.702 1.9 0.1 -

Food away from home

310.134 - 312.850 5.1 0.9 -

Alcoholic beverages

318.749 - 321.877 0.9 1.0 -

Housing

228.979 - 228.109 1.6 -0.4 -

Shelter

254.399 254.976 254.749 1.9 0.1 -0.1

Rent of primary residence

272.007 272.900 273.876 3.0 0.7 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

273.076 273.506 274.250 2.7 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

273.076 273.506 274.250 2.7 0.4 0.3

Fuels and utilities

243.863 - 242.316 4.3 -0.6 -

Household energy

216.096 214.010 214.057 3.2 -0.9 0.0

Energy services

212.468 210.375 210.442 3.2 -1.0 0.0

Electricity

205.703 205.703 206.343 7.2 0.3 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

185.960 171.772 168.327 -19.5 -9.5 -2.0

Household furnishings and operations

123.234 - 118.406 -3.0 -3.9 -

Apparel

108.602 - 109.881 0.3 1.2 -

Transportation

209.623 - 215.174 -0.8 2.6 -

Private transportation

213.095 - 218.007 -1.0 2.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

110.167 - 108.645 0.4 -1.4 -

New vehicles(1)

210.684 - 208.836 2.1 -0.9 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

330.419 - 326.043 -0.1 -1.3 -

Motor fuel

222.267 248.525 248.740 -4.0 11.9 0.1

Gasoline (all types)

220.797 247.297 247.453 -4.1 12.1 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

211.877 237.925 237.949 -4.2 12.3 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

235.287 261.111 260.639 -4.2 10.8 -0.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

240.710 263.893 265.511 -3.1 10.3 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

790.391 - 783.304 -3.3 -0.9 -

Medical care

450.507 - 451.533 3.4 0.2 -

Recreation(3)

124.547 - 123.646 5.9 -0.7 -

Education and communication(3)

131.758 - 131.659 -2.4 -0.1 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,264.443 - 1,264.443 2.1 0.0 -

Other goods and services

411.146 - 414.747 4.1 0.9 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

175.825 - 178.699 0.7 1.6 -

Commodities less food and beverages

139.916 - 142.850 -0.2 2.1 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

173.492 - 180.944 -0.7 4.3 -

Durables

111.243 - 110.667 0.5 -0.5 -

Services

295.644 - 294.842 1.9 -0.3 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

228.790 - 230.085 1.3 0.6 -

All items less medical care

226.110 - 227.097 1.3 0.4 -

Commodities less food

144.699 - 147.698 -0.2 2.1 -

Nondurables

211.118 - 216.483 0.8 2.5 -

Nondurables less food

180.566 - 188.079 -0.7 4.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

352.029 - 349.421 1.9 -0.7 -

Services less medical care services

279.733 - 278.688 1.6 -0.4 -

Energy

220.599 234.016 234.155 -1.1 6.1 0.1

All items less energy

242.060 - 241.921 1.7 -0.1 -

All items less food and energy

240.444 - 240.006 1.6 -0.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a February 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Index on a December 1993=100.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 12, 2019