Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-882-ATL
Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region — April 2021

Prices in the South up 0.7 percent over the month and 4.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.7 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.8 percent over the month. The energy index increased 0.7 percent in April, while the food index inched up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 4.4 percent for the 12 months ending April. This is the largest 12-month increase since a 5.4-percent increase for the period ending September 2008. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.3 percent over the past year, while the energy index jumped 24.9 percent. The food index rose 2.1 percent over the past year. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index inched up 0.2 percent in April. The food away from home and the food at home indexes each increased over the month, up 0.3 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

The food index rose 2.1 percent for the 12 months ending in April, reflecting increases in the food away from home (2.8 percent) and food at home (1.6 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.7 percent in April, led by a 0.9-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index edged up 0.3 percent in April, while the utility (piped) gas service index rose 0.8 percent over the month.

The energy index jumped 24.9 percent for the 12 months ending in April, reflecting 54.3-percent sharp increase in the gasoline index. The electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 2.0 percent and 11.3 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in April. Several indexes increased over the month, most notably, new and used motor vehicles (4.1 percent)—reflecting a 9.7-percent increase in the used cars and trucks index. The shelter index edged up 0.3 percent in April, while the medical care index declined 0.4 percent over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.3 percent for the 12 months ending in April, reflecting increases across many components. The new and used motor vehicles index jumped 10.0 percent over the past year, led by a 20.4 percent sharp increase in the used cars and trucks index. Shelter (2.5 percent) and medical care (1.8 percent) were among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.8 percent in the East South Central division in April. The all items index also increased in the South Atlantic and West South Central divisions over the month, up 0.7 percent each.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 5.7 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 4.3 percent in the West South Central division and 4.2 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for May 2021 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, June 10, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on April 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in April was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

253.386 255.319 257.207 4.4 1.5 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

411.027 414.162 417.225 - - -

Food and beverages

267.034 267.188 267.864 2.1 0.3 0.3

Food

268.872 268.796 269.430 2.1 0.2 0.2

Food at home

251.276 251.902 252.429 1.6 0.5 0.2

Cereal and bakery products

293.685 292.410 291.735 0.6 -0.7 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

260.973 262.199 265.295 2.5 1.7 1.2

Dairy and related products

229.703 229.155 230.689 0.6 0.4 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

296.994 299.852 302.532 4.5 1.9 0.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

176.053 177.055 173.844 -1.1 -1.3 -1.8

Other food at home

220.335 220.207 220.016 1.0 -0.1 -0.1

Food away from home

297.797 296.709 297.504 2.8 -0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

241.320 244.542 245.797 2.4 1.9 0.5

Housing

252.607 253.492 254.420 2.7 0.7 0.4

Shelter

293.177 294.135 295.035 2.5 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence

308.989 309.371 309.792 2.2 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

296.515 297.083 297.504 2.5 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

296.514 297.083 297.506 2.5 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

243.008 244.545 245.347 3.5 1.0 0.3

Household energy

192.635 194.231 195.071 3.5 1.3 0.4

Energy services

192.647 194.267 195.060 3.2 1.3 0.4

Electricity

189.473 190.686 191.344 2.0 1.0 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

197.847 202.030 203.654 11.3 2.9 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

127.518 127.802 128.853 2.9 1.0 0.8

Apparel

126.931 127.426 127.227 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Transportation

209.818 217.108 223.261 15.4 6.4 2.8

Private transportation

210.802 218.620 224.089 15.8 6.3 2.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

105.425 106.964 111.368 10.0 5.6 4.1

New vehicles

155.593 156.265 156.554 2.3 0.6 0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

105.937 106.392 106.589 2.3 0.6 0.2

New cars(3)

153.991 154.715 154.691 1.8 0.5 0.0

Used cars and trucks

150.892 154.649 169.650 20.4 12.4 9.7

Motor fuel

208.138 235.367 237.619 53.6 14.2 1.0

Gasoline (all types)

207.043 234.240 236.444 54.3 14.2 0.9

Unleaded regular(3)

201.594 228.671 230.643 56.2 14.4 0.9

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

233.679 259.696 264.393 44.9 13.1 1.8

Unleaded premium(3)

230.617 256.154 259.787 40.2 12.6 1.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

936.937 941.732 953.621 4.6 1.8 1.3

Medical care

496.035 497.142 495.347 1.8 -0.1 -0.4

Medical care commodities

349.056 349.702 349.242 -1.4 0.1 -0.1

Medical care services

545.787 547.050 544.805 2.5 -0.2 -0.4

Professional services

382.348 383.208 383.737 4.0 0.4 0.1

Recreation(2)

123.795 124.032 125.196 2.7 1.1 0.9

Education and communication(2)

136.293 135.862 136.995 2.2 0.5 0.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,378.109 1,362.743 1,366.035 0.4 -0.9 0.2

Other goods and services

450.650 452.223 452.159 3.2 0.3 0.0

Commodity and service group

All Items

253.386 255.319 257.207 4.4 1.5 0.7

Commodities

187.809 190.590 193.144 7.1 2.8 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

151.469 155.072 158.189 10.4 4.4 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

194.771 202.107 203.199 13.2 4.3 0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

236.338 247.560 249.379 17.3 5.5 0.7

Durables

110.284 111.360 115.299 7.6 4.5 3.5

Services

319.519 320.505 321.644 2.8 0.7 0.4

Rent of shelter(1)

301.368 302.362 303.298 2.6 0.6 0.3

Transportation services

351.827 353.713 362.159 5.2 2.9 2.4

Other services

359.111 359.375 360.409 2.5 0.4 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

240.196 242.161 244.221 4.7 1.7 0.9

All items less food

250.749 252.985 255.063 4.8 1.7 0.8

All items less shelter

238.967 241.280 243.553 5.4 1.9 0.9

Commodities less food

154.160 157.766 160.849 10.0 4.3 2.0

Nondurables

228.969 232.867 233.759 6.9 2.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

197.156 204.232 205.332 12.4 4.1 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

235.596 246.042 247.801 15.8 5.2 0.7

Services less rent of shelter(1)

352.404 353.413 354.842 3.1 0.7 0.4

Services less medical care services

299.334 300.292 301.684 2.8 0.8 0.5

Energy

195.501 208.996 210.474 24.9 7.7 0.7

All items less energy

260.649 261.438 263.378 3.1 1.0 0.7

All items less food and energy

259.650 260.589 262.756 3.3 1.2 0.8

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.830 148.704 151.883 4.6 2.7 2.1

Energy commodities

212.077 239.263 241.579 52.7 13.9 1.0

Services less energy services

332.945 333.867 335.043 2.8 0.6 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 12, 2021