Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-1841-ATL
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region – September 2021

Prices in the South up 0.3 percent over the month and 5.8 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.3 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in September. The food index and the energy index also increased over the month, up 0.9 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 5.8 percent for the 12 months ending in September, after increasing 5.6-percent over the 12-month period ending in August. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent over the past year, while the energy index rose 23.6 percent. The food index rose 4.3 percent over the past 12 months. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.9 percent in September, led by a 1.2-percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also increased in September, up 0.6 percent.

The food index rose 4.3 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting increases in the food at home (4.3 percent) and food away from home (4.2 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.7 percent in September, reflecting increases in the electricity (0.8 percent) and gasoline (0.6 percent) indexes. The utility (piped) gas service index edged down 0.3 percent in September.

The energy index increased 23.6 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting a 43.0-percent rise in the gasoline index. The electricity and the utility (piped) gas service indexes also increased over the year, up 5.7 percent and 15.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in September, led by a 0.5-percent increase in the shelter index. In contrast, the new and used motor vehicles index declined 1.5 percent in September, reflecting a 3.7-percent decrease in the used cars and trucks index.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 4.5 percent for the 12 months ending in September, reflecting increases across many indexes. The new and used motor vehicles index rose 14.5 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks index (23.8 percent) and new vehicles index (8.2 percent). Shelter (3.7 percent) was also among the indexes to increase over the past 12 months.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. The all items CPI-U advanced 0.4 percent in the South Atlantic division in September. The all items index rose 0.2 percent in the West South Central division and 0.1 percent in the East South Central division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 6.6 percent in the East South Central division. The all items index rose 5.7 percent in the West South Central division and 5.6 percent in the South Atlantic division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6

February

0.2 2.8 0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0

March

0.0 2.2 0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4

May

0.0 1.7 0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6

June

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

-0.2 1.6 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8

August

0.4 1.9 -0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6

September

0.7 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.3 5.8

October

-0.2 2.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3

November

-0.1 2.1 -0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 1.8 -0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for October 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 10, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

263.013 263.728 264.593 5.8 0.6 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

426.643 427.803 429.206 - - -

Food and beverages

272.177 272.989 275.426 4.2 1.2 0.9

Food

274.055 274.788 277.392 4.3 1.2 0.9

Food at home

256.411 256.738 259.928 4.3 1.4 1.2

Cereal and bakery products

296.264 294.162 299.473 3.2 1.1 1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

281.129 282.373 287.217 11.1 2.2 1.7

Dairy and related products

230.237 228.888 230.258 -0.5 0.0 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

299.131 298.343 300.525 4.7 0.5 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.028 176.457 178.345 0.7 1.9 1.1

Other food at home

220.840 221.798 224.346 2.1 1.6 1.1

Food away from home

303.120 304.448 306.240 4.2 1.0 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

245.889 247.761 247.947 3.0 0.8 0.1

Housing

258.418 259.417 260.865 4.1 0.9 0.6

Shelter

298.781 299.571 301.178 3.7 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence

312.163 313.508 315.596 3.1 1.1 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

300.139 301.150 302.913 3.3 0.9 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

300.143 301.156 302.914 3.3 0.9 0.6

Fuels and utilities

253.624 256.076 257.695 6.1 1.6 0.6

Household energy

203.640 206.081 207.580 7.2 1.9 0.7

Energy services

203.628 206.066 207.470 6.9 1.9 0.7

Electricity

199.513 201.768 203.458 5.7 2.0 0.8

Utility (piped) gas service

214.169 217.620 217.010 15.2 1.3 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

131.194 132.010 132.841 4.3 1.3 0.6

Apparel

127.285 129.051 130.867 4.1 2.8 1.4

Transportation

239.749 238.554 236.719 17.0 -1.3 -0.8

Private transportation

240.933 240.592 239.216 17.6 -0.7 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

123.140 122.525 120.661 14.5 -2.0 -1.5

New vehicles

162.394 163.597 165.216 8.2 1.7 1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

110.583 111.419 112.525 8.3 1.8 1.0

New cars(3)

160.301 162.026 163.479 7.4 2.0 0.9

Used cars and trucks

201.665 198.439 191.021 23.8 -5.3 -3.7

Motor fuel

256.190 256.207 257.740 42.9 0.6 0.6

Gasoline (all types)

255.015 255.033 256.554 43.0 0.6 0.6

Unleaded regular(3)

249.032 248.993 250.549 44.2 0.6 0.6

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

284.242 284.729 286.102 37.8 0.7 0.5

Unleaded premium(3)

277.812 278.241 279.344 34.2 0.6 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

949.735 954.379 955.753 6.1 0.6 0.1

Medical care

497.884 498.642 498.025 1.2 0.0 -0.1

Medical care commodities

349.148 348.857 350.555 0.1 0.4 0.5

Medical care services

548.228 549.339 547.943 1.5 -0.1 -0.3

Professional services

385.121 386.051 385.645 2.9 0.1 -0.1

Recreation(2)

124.913 125.861 127.335 3.8 1.9 1.2

Education and communication(2)

137.472 138.733 139.237 2.4 1.3 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,375.613 1,387.751 1,394.750 1.7 1.4 0.5

Other goods and services

456.627 458.640 458.062 2.8 0.3 -0.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

263.013 263.728 264.593 5.8 0.6 0.3

Commodities

200.140 200.636 201.358 9.1 0.6 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

165.849 166.210 166.288 12.2 0.3 0.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

208.229 208.929 210.335 12.7 1.0 0.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

257.226 257.366 258.584 15.3 0.5 0.5

Durables

123.635 123.763 123.073 11.8 -0.5 -0.6

Services

326.069 327.008 328.011 3.7 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter(1)

307.197 308.031 309.671 3.8 0.8 0.5

Transportation services

371.038 366.337 361.680 5.3 -2.5 -1.3

Other services

361.663 364.570 367.252 2.9 1.5 0.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

250.160 250.869 251.803 6.2 0.7 0.4

All items less food

261.042 261.754 262.353 6.0 0.5 0.2

All items less shelter

250.169 250.858 251.441 6.7 0.5 0.2

Commodities less food

168.350 168.749 168.830 11.9 0.3 0.0

Nondurables

238.439 239.192 241.087 7.9 1.1 0.8

Nondurables less food

210.058 210.826 212.156 11.9 1.0 0.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

254.910 255.205 256.324 14.1 0.6 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

360.062 361.162 361.405 3.6 0.4 0.1

Services less medical care services

306.150 307.068 308.250 4.0 0.7 0.4

Energy

223.507 224.764 226.245 23.6 1.2 0.7

All items less energy

268.496 269.161 269.969 4.5 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

267.966 268.621 269.122 4.5 0.4 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

158.099 158.537 158.434 7.4 0.2 -0.1

Energy commodities

260.309 260.384 262.050 42.5 0.7 0.6

Services less energy services

339.046 339.832 340.795 3.5 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021