Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-889-ATL
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Consumer Price Index, South Region — April 2022

Prices in the South up 0.5 percent over the month and 8.8 percent over the past year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South increased 0.5 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The index for all items less food and energy also rose 0.5 percent over the month. The food index increased 0.9 percent in April, while the energy index declined 0.5 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The all items CPI-U for the South advanced 8.8 percent for the 12 months ending in April, after increasing 9.1-percent over the 12-month period ending in March. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.8 percent over the past year. The energy index and the food index also increased over the past 12 months, up 29.8 percent and 9.3 percent, respectively. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food

The food index increased 0.9 percent in April, led by a 1.3 percent increase in the food at home index. The food away from home index also rose in April, up 0.3 percent.

The food index advanced 9.3 percent for the 12 months ending in April, reflecting increases in the food at home (+10.5 percent) and food away from home (+7.5 percent) indexes.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.5 percent in April, reflecting a 2.3 percent decrease in the gasoline index. In contrast, the electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes increased over the month, up 1.5 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively.  

The energy index advanced 29.8 percent for the 12 months ending in April, led by a 44.6-percent increase in the gasoline index. The electricity index rose 11.4 percent over the month, while the utility (piped) gas service index increased 21.5 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in April, reflecting increases in several indexes, including shelter (+0.6 percent) and recreation (+1.0 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index was little changed in April, up 0.1 percent, as a 1.0-percent increase in the new vehicles index was offset by a 0.6-percent decline in the used cars and trucks index.

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.8 percent for the 12 months ending in April, led by a 6.0-percent increase in the shelter index. The new and used motor vehicles index advanced 17.3 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting increases in the used cars and trucks (+22.6 percent) and new vehicles (+13.3 percent) indexes.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the three divisions of the South. In April, the all items CPI-U rose 0.7 percent in the East South Central division and 0.6 percent in the West South Central division. The all items index in the South Atlantic division edged up 0.3 percent.  

Over the year, the all items index advanced 9.3 percent in the West South Central division. The all items index rose 8.8 percent in the South Atlantic division and 7.8 percent in the East South Central division.

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 2.3 0.5 1.6 0.9 7.8

February

0.6 2.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 1.9 0.5 2.0 1.1 8.4

March

0.2 2.3 0.7 1.6 -0.1 1.1 0.8 2.9 1.4 9.1

April

0.4 2.4 0.5 1.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.7 4.4 0.5 8.8

May

0.3 2.7 -0.1 1.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 5.6

June

0.2 2.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 5.8

July

0.0 2.9 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 5.8

August

-0.1 2.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 5.6

September

0.0 1.7 0.0 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.3 5.8

October

0.2 2.1 0.2 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.0 6.6

November

-0.3 1.9 0.0 1.6 -0.1 1.2 0.4 7.2

December

-0.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 1.4 0.3 7.4

The Consumer Price Index for May 2022 is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 10, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

274.688 278.598 279.879 8.8 1.9 0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

445.582 451.925 454.002 - - -

Food and beverages

286.289 289.302 291.755 8.9 1.9 0.8

Food

288.729 291.883 294.609 9.3 2.0 0.9

Food at home

271.047 275.222 278.880 10.5 2.9 1.3

Cereal and bakery products

312.551 318.757 323.203 10.8 3.4 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

294.166 297.929 302.814 14.1 2.9 1.6

Dairy and related products

240.727 244.669 250.215 8.5 3.9 2.3

Fruits and vegetables

314.731 320.082 319.719 5.7 1.6 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

187.271 189.062 192.198 10.6 2.6 1.7

Other food at home

236.255 240.239 243.811 10.8 3.2 1.5

Food away from home

317.675 318.933 319.932 7.5 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

252.384 253.443 252.096 2.6 -0.1 -0.5

Housing

268.728 270.537 272.278 7.0 1.3 0.6

Shelter

308.941 311.085 312.814 6.0 1.3 0.6

Rent of primary residence

325.362 327.124 329.443 6.3 1.3 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

310.623 312.040 313.676 5.4 1.0 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

310.618 312.034 313.672 5.4 1.0 0.5

Fuels and utilities

267.286 267.919 271.551 10.7 1.6 1.4

Household energy

216.495 217.196 220.979 13.3 2.1 1.7

Energy services

215.760 216.103 220.033 12.8 2.0 1.8

Electricity

209.768 209.956 213.188 11.4 1.6 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service

237.872 239.200 247.382 21.5 4.0 3.4

Household furnishings and operations

139.782 141.153 141.850 10.1 1.5 0.5

Apparel

136.479 136.594 136.131 7.0 -0.3 -0.3

Transportation

256.401 268.755 269.144 20.6 5.0 0.1

Private transportation

259.523 271.780 270.803 20.8 4.3 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

130.720 130.501 130.594 17.3 -0.1 0.1

New vehicles

174.304 175.662 177.369 13.3 1.8 1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

118.743 119.700 - - - -

New cars(3)

173.253 174.209 176.819 14.3 2.1 1.5

Used cars and trucks

213.031 209.376 208.048 22.6 -2.3 -0.6

Motor fuel

292.312 352.110 344.680 45.1 17.9 -2.1

Gasoline (all types)

290.641 349.852 341.836 44.6 17.6 -2.3

Unleaded regular(3)

284.703 343.529 335.176 45.3 17.7 -2.4

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

319.902 380.888 375.678 42.1 17.4 -1.4

Unleaded premium(3)

309.071 364.950 360.554 38.8 16.7 -1.2

Medical care

509.264 512.534 513.192 3.6 0.8 0.1

Medical care commodities

358.358 359.712 362.212 3.7 1.1 0.7

Medical care services

560.353 564.287 564.288 3.6 0.7 0.0

Professional services

387.294 389.751 387.911 1.1 0.2 -0.5

Recreation(2)

129.388 128.704 129.972 3.8 0.5 1.0

Education and communication(2)

138.857 138.955 138.682 1.2 -0.1 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,402.142 1,400.967 1,402.439 2.7 0.0 0.1

Other goods and services

476.452 477.312 479.148 6.0 0.6 0.4

Commodity and service group

All Items

274.688 278.598 279.879 8.8 1.9 0.5

Commodities

212.992 218.696 218.958 13.4 2.8 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

177.654 183.927 183.461 16.0 3.3 -0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

225.069 242.159 240.485 18.3 6.8 -0.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

278.603 304.866 302.518 21.3 8.6 -0.8

Durables

131.470 131.359 131.578 14.1 0.1 0.2

Services

336.301 338.263 340.604 5.9 1.3 0.7

Rent of shelter(1)

317.792 320.038 321.843 6.1 1.3 0.6

Transportation services

377.457 384.347 392.565 8.4 4.0 2.1

Other services

371.482 370.325 371.930 3.2 0.1 0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

261.798 265.725 267.032 9.3 2.0 0.5

All items less food

272.253 276.264 277.339 8.7 1.9 0.4

All items less shelter

262.488 267.114 268.224 10.1 2.2 0.4

Commodities less food

180.072 186.262 185.776 15.5 3.2 -0.3

Nondurables

254.019 264.550 264.803 13.3 4.2 0.1

Nondurables less food

226.275 242.454 240.799 17.3 6.4 -0.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

274.891 298.928 296.675 19.7 7.9 -0.8

Services less rent of shelter(1)

370.192 371.853 374.946 5.7 1.3 0.8

Services less medical care services

316.153 317.946 320.450 6.2 1.4 0.8

Energy

246.813 274.544 273.118 29.8 10.7 -0.5

All items less energy

279.073 280.614 282.174 7.1 1.1 0.6

All items less food and energy

277.875 279.164 280.540 6.8 1.0 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

166.959 167.121 167.418 10.2 0.3 0.2

Energy commodities

297.413 357.393 349.922 44.8 17.7 -2.1

Services less energy services

349.087 351.220 353.395 5.5 1.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022