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News Release Information

22-2014-BOS
Thursday, October 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Boston-Cambridge-Newton – September 2022

Area prices were up 0.9 percent over the two months ending in September; up 8.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Boston advanced 0.9 percent for the two months ending in September 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that higher prices for shelter and food were partially offset by falling energy prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.9 percent over the year, with widespread price increases within the overall category. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 2.1 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 2.4 percent, and prices for food away from home rose 1.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 12.2 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 13.7 percent, while prices for food away from home rose 9.9 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index fell 7.3 percent for the two months ending in September. The decrease was mainly due to falling gasoline prices (-19.0 percent). Prices for fuel oil also decreased over the same period. Partially offsetting these decreases were rising electricity (7.1 percent) and natural gas service (4.7 percent) prices. 

Energy prices advanced 31.0 percent over the year. Gasoline prices increased 22.8 percent. Prices paid for electricity rose 27.0 percent, while prices paid for natural gas services rose 56.0 percent over the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.2 percent) and education and communication (1.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-3.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 5.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.8 percent), new and used motor vehicles (12.6 percent), and medical care (6.8 percent). Within shelter, owners’ equivalent rent increased 5.4 percent, while rent of primary residence increased 5.3 percent.

The November 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Boston area is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, December 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Mass.-N.H. Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk Counties in Massachusetts; Rockingham, Strafford Counties in New Hampshire.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table A. Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20182019202020212022
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

January

1.12.80.52.50.62.20.70.51.66.3

March

0.93.60.52.10.11.80.91.31.97.3

May

0.03.20.22.3-1.00.60.83.21.17.5

July

0.33.40.02.00.20.81.24.30.77.0

September

1.23.30.21.10.10.6-0.14.00.98.1

November

-0.43.20.72.10.40.41.75.3
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Ma.-N.H. (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0
315.841 318.8008.10.9 

All items (1967 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11AAA0
918.001 926.601   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF
320.493 327.20211.62.1 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF1
325.185 331.88812.22.1 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF11
294.910300.973301.96713.72.40.3

Cereal and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF111
353.862 356.91613.20.9 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF112
317.142 321.79610.71.5 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEFJ
342.933 349.80519.62.0 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF113
370.481 374.9267.51.2 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF114
187.788 190.86024.01.6 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF115
225.162 237.55214.75.5 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEFV
377.960 383.6669.91.5 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAF116
272.176 279.1564.72.6 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAH
326.206 332.2737.81.9 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAH1
379.462383.097384.0184.81.20.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHA
394.186395.694399.5365.31.41.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHC
409.915412.564414.6025.41.10.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHC01
409.915412.564414.6025.41.10.5

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAH2
380.640 403.48936.06.0 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAH21
330.197328.388338.38737.32.53.0

Energy services(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHF
332.054333.876352.83236.26.35.7

Electricity(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHF01
364.450388.832390.17527.07.10.3

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEHF02
260.309229.866272.43856.04.718.5

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAH3
145.836 150.0869.52.9 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAA
133.558 140.6378.05.3 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAT
245.748 235.20512.9-4.3 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAT1
256.074 243.48412.1-4.9 

New and used motor vehicles(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETA
139.570 138.64212.6-0.7 

New Vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETA01
236.830 239.19716.31.0 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETA02
494.963 477.6667.7-3.5 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETB
407.841373.344330.54623.0-19.0-11.5

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETB01
403.191369.108326.70822.8-19.0-11.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASS47014
391.643357.549315.22222.0-19.5-11.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(6)(7)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASS47015
434.832403.348364.56727.8-16.2-9.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASS47016
419.128390.766355.00128.0-15.3-9.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASETE
      

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAM
743.091 748.3946.80.7 

Recreation(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAR
118.320 120.7635.02.1 

Education and communication(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAE
175.231 178.0961.41.6 

Tuition, other fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASEEB
1,437.716 1,464.6802.21.9 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAG
572.395 594.99711.73.9 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAC
230.836 229.75010.9-0.5 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASACL11
183.914 180.32110.8-2.0 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASANL11
245.826 234.15013.8-4.7 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAD
129.237 130.4008.50.9 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAS
392.603 399.2036.81.7 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0L2
293.759 296.07110.20.8 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0L5
299.505 302.3708.31.0 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASACL1
187.819 184.45210.5-1.8 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASAN
282.543 279.44412.6-1.1 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASANL1
246.974 236.47313.0-4.3 

Services less rent of shelter(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASASL2RS
425.961 435.5629.32.3 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASASL5
367.591 374.2456.81.8 

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0E
358.607343.695332.42331.0-7.3-3.3

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0LE
317.996 323.1436.71.6 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS11ASA0L1E
318.288 323.2335.91.6 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a January 1978=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(4) This index series underwent a change in composition in January 2010. The expenditure class now includes weight from secondary residences, and has been re-titled "Owners' equivalent rent of residences." The item stratum "Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence" excludes secondary residences.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 13, 2022