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News Release Information

20-1920-KAN
Tuesday, October 13, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – September 2020

Area prices up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 1.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.2 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The September increase was most influenced by higher prices for all items less food and energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent over the year. Food prices rose 2.9 percent. Energy prices declined 8.5 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent for the month of September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home advanced 1.3 percent, while prices for food at home decreased 0.9 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.9 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.7 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 2.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for natural gas service (6.5 percent). Prices for electricity rose 0.3 percent, while prices for gasoline decreased 1.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 8.5 percent over the year, almost entirely due to lower prices for gasoline (-18.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 5.7 percent, and prices for electricity rose 1.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in September. Higher prices for apparel (3.4 percent), new and used vehicles (1.1 percent) and recreation (1.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for motor vehicle insurance (-5.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (-0.5 percent) and shelter (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent. Components contributing the largest share of the increase included shelter (1.9 percent) and medical care services (5.7 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-7.4 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5

February

0.2 0.4 0.8 2.4 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1

March

0.6 0.5 0.2 1.9 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.7 -0.5 1.0

April

1.1 0.8 0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.5 -1.1 -0.4

May

0.8 0.8 0.4 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 -0.4

June

1.0 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.8 0.4

July

0.1 0.4 0.1 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7

August

-0.3 0.6 0.3 1.5 -0.1 2.1 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.1

September

0.4 1.1 0.5 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.5

November

-0.4 1.2 0.0 1.9 -0.5 1.4 0.0 1.9

December

-0.2 1.8 0.0 1.7 -0.9 1.3 -0.2 2.3

The October 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, November 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

All items

240.430 241.362 241.878 1.3 0.6 0.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

391.193 392.710 393.550      

Food and beverages

255.651 254.994 255.255 2.8 -0.2 0.1

Food

255.251 254.488 254.773 2.9 -0.2 0.1

Food at home

236.510 234.738 232.725 2.2 -1.6 -0.9

Cereals and bakery products

263.315 262.515 265.766 2.4 0.9 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

270.371 262.086 259.576 4.9 -4.0 -1.0

Dairy and related products

205.139 208.633 205.470 4.5 0.2 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

270.542 271.670 267.271 -0.5 -1.2 -1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

168.582 166.247 165.299 0.9 -1.9 -0.6

Other food at home

205.355 204.547 202.170 1.4 -1.6 -1.2

Food away from home

286.524 287.265 291.003 3.7 1.6 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

259.202 259.869 259.826 2.1 0.2 0.0

Housing

238.178 238.822 238.977 1.9 0.3 0.1

Shelter

286.463 287.179 286.953 1.9 0.2 -0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

288.153 288.963 289.072 3.0 0.3 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

292.860 293.867 293.778 2.6 0.3 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

292.780 293.789 293.701 2.6 0.3 0.0

Fuels and utilities

224.181 225.260 228.918 2.9 2.1 1.6

Household energy

179.607 180.476 184.255 2.6 2.6 2.1

Energy services(1)

187.152 188.155 192.147 3.0 2.7 2.1

Electricity(1)

212.409 212.582 213.271 1.9 0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

134.840 137.092 146.049 5.7 8.3 6.5

Household furnishings and operations

117.419 117.653 117.054 0.9 -0.3 -0.5

Apparel

106.074 107.366 110.971 -7.4 4.6 3.4

Transportation

195.695 198.115 197.449 -2.7 0.9 -0.3

Private transportation

193.504 195.883 195.381 -1.4 1.0 -0.3

New and used motor vehicles(3)

99.656 101.697 102.820 6.3 3.2 1.1

New vehicles

140.327 139.697 140.250 3.4 -0.1 0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

99.192 98.745 99.128 3.4 -0.1 0.4

New cars(4)

139.099 138.616 139.186 5.7 0.1 0.4

Used cars and trucks

141.128 149.390 152.937 10.9 8.4 2.4

Motor fuel

194.554 192.626 190.380 -18.9 -2.1 -1.2

Gasoline (all types)

193.576 191.645 189.403 -18.8 -2.2 -1.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

187.675 185.785 183.572 -19.1 -2.2 -1.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

230.053 227.404 225.632 -17.2 -1.9 -0.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

221.246 219.246 216.748 -16.2 -2.0 -1.1

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

735.087 746.387 705.868 -3.6 -4.0 -5.4

Medical care

519.089 521.898 522.679 4.4 0.7 0.1

Medical care commodities

383.436 390.020 386.677 -1.2 0.8 -0.9

Medical care services

564.365 565.988 568.082 5.7 0.7 0.4

Professional services

429.462 429.448 430.329 2.1 0.2 0.2

Recreation(3)

121.476 122.053 123.799 2.2 1.9 1.4

Education and communication(3)

140.550 141.137 141.456 2.7 0.6 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,207.969 1,212.665 1,218.868 1.1 0.9 0.5

Other goods and services

446.854 443.845 445.046 1.6 -0.4 0.3

Commodity and service group

Commodities

178.516 179.274 179.758 -0.2 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

142.530 143.765 144.309 -2.1 1.2 0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

181.492 181.997 182.319 -7.2 0.5 0.2

Durables

103.008 104.535 105.148 4.0 2.1 0.6

Services

304.487 305.595 306.135 2.2 0.5 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

226.387 227.396 228.160 1.0 0.8 0.3

All items less medical care

227.220 228.063 228.567 0.9 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food

146.082 147.306 147.836 -1.9 1.2 0.4

Nondurables

217.579 217.533 217.827 -1.9 0.1 0.1

Nondurables less food

185.786 186.299 186.597 -6.5 0.4 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

332.955 334.528 335.902 2.6 0.9 0.4

Services less medical care services

285.032 286.104 286.522 1.7 0.5 0.1

Energy

186.542 186.154 187.227 -8.5 0.4 0.6

All items less energy

248.668 249.736 250.207 2.0 0.6 0.2

All items less food and energy

248.233 249.628 250.134 1.9 0.8 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, October 13, 2020