Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2015-2016 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
State 2015 2016
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,863 190 10.2 204 11.0 1,895 153 8.1 170 9.0

Alaska

304 60 19.6 66 21.7 297 55 18.5 59 19.9

Arizona

2,661 138 5.2 163 6.1 2,727 122 4.5 151 5.5

Arkansas

1,155 58 5.1 74 6.4 1,186 47 3.9 59 5.0

California

15,657 2,486 15.9 2,689 17.2 16,001 2,551 15.9 2,796 17.5

Colorado

2,310 194 8.4 215 9.3 2,438 238 9.8 263 10.8

Connecticut

1,587 269 17.0 277 17.4 1,568 275 17.5 288 18.4

Delaware

412 38 9.2 43 10.4 419 48 11.4 56 13.3

District of Columbia

334 35 10.4 40 12.1 343 32 9.5 37 10.7

Florida

7,994 546 6.8 671 8.4 8,113 456 5.6 574 7.1

Georgia

4,016 162 4.0 206 5.1 4,249 165 3.9 210 4.9

Hawaii

583 119 20.4 126 21.7 597 119 19.9 125 20.9

Idaho

679 46 6.8 50 7.3 689 42 6.1 47 6.8

Illinois

5,566 847 15.2 892 16.0 5,587 812 14.5 856 15.3

Indiana

2,828 283 10.0 319 11.3 2,927 304 10.4 335 11.4

Iowa

1,435 138 9.6 174 12.2 1,454 129 8.9 153 10.5

Kansas

1,255 110 8.7 136 10.8 1,274 109 8.6 132 10.3

Kentucky

1,705 187 11.0 207 12.1 1,710 190 11.1 228 13.4

Louisiana

1,847 107 5.8 126 6.8 1,799 76 4.2 88 4.9

Maine

549 64 11.6 75 13.6 567 65 11.4 77 13.5

Maryland

2,757 287 10.4 337 12.2 2,815 310 11.0 347 12.3

Massachusetts

3,103 402 12.9 441 14.2 3,158 381 12.1 407 12.9

Michigan

4,083 621 15.2 672 16.5 4,196 606 14.4 651 15.5

Minnesota

2,565 363 14.2 385 15.0 2,563 365 14.2 388 15.2

Mississippi

1,103 60 5.4 75 6.8 1,108 73 6.6 90 8.1

Missouri

2,615 230 8.8 257 9.8 2,711 262 9.7 290 10.7

Montana

427 52 12.2 59 13.9 418 50 11.9 58 13.9

Nebraska

882 68 7.7 80 9.0 876 64 7.4 74 8.5

Nevada

1,232 177 14.3 203 16.5 1,211 146 12.1 182 15.0

New Hampshire

641 62 9.7 73 11.4 669 63 9.4 74 11.0

New Jersey

3,880 596 15.4 644 16.6 4,007 644 16.1 666 16.6

New Mexico

782 49 6.2 61 7.9 784 49 6.3 64 8.2

New York

8,249 2,038 24.7 2,141 26.0 8,227 1,942 23.6 2,075 25.2

North Carolina

4,089 123 3.0 167 4.1 4,225 129 3.0 174 4.1

North Dakota

352 19 5.4 24 6.8 363 20 5.5 25 7.0

Ohio

4,914 606 12.3 670 13.6 4,970 617 12.4 702 14.1

Oklahoma

1,567 88 5.6 116 7.4 1,482 80 5.4 97 6.6

Oregon

1,586 235 14.8 256 16.2 1,691 228 13.5 267 15.8

Pennsylvania

5,601 747 13.3 804 14.4 5,686 685 12.1 724 12.7

Rhode Island

483 68 14.2 72 14.9 481 74 15.5 81 16.9

South Carolina

1,960 41 2.1 57 2.9 1,981 32 1.6 52 2.6

South Dakota

382 22 5.9 26 6.9 379 20 5.2 26 7.0

Tennessee

2,693 146 5.4 175 6.5 2,746 158 5.7 174 6.4

Texas

11,177 503 4.5 626 5.6 11,457 462 4.0 606 5.3

Utah

1,274 50 3.9 67 5.2 1,318 62 4.7 79 6.0

Vermont

284 36 12.6 42 14.7 290 33 11.5 37 12.9

Virginia

3,736 202 5.4 258 6.9 3,748 160 4.3 226 6.0

Washington

2,977 500 16.8 536 18.0 3,090 539 17.4 577 18.7

West Virginia

665 83 12.4 91 13.7 669 79 11.8 88 13.2

Wisconsin

2,682 223 8.3 253 9.4 2,696 219 8.1 244 9.0

Wyoming

261 19 7.1 22 8.2 248 16 6.3 18 7.3

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 26, 2017