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Economic News Release
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Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2019
June
2020
July
2020
July
2019
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.2 2.0 4.9 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.4 2.1 5.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.8 8.8 8.1 1.7 2.4 13.2 11.6 8.9 8.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.0 11.2 10.5 3.7 4.4 14.7 13.3 11.1 10.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

4.2 11.6 10.8 3.9 4.7 15.1 13.6 11.5 10.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

4.8 12.6 11.6 4.5 5.2 16.0 14.6 12.5 11.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.3 18.3 16.8 6.9 8.7 22.8 21.2 18.0 16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: August 07, 2020