Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
May
2018
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,191 200,356 200,476 199,191 200,039 200,132 200,236 200,356 200,476

Civilian labor force

125,320 125,462 125,413 125,397 125,688 125,784 125,720 125,306 125,483

Participation rate

62.9 62.6 62.6 63.0 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.5 62.6

Employed

120,857 121,040 121,500 120,754 121,303 121,347 121,506 121,027 121,398

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.4 60.6

Unemployed

4,463 4,421 3,913 4,643 4,385 4,437 4,214 4,279 4,085

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3

Not in labor force

73,871 74,894 75,063 73,794 74,350 74,348 74,517 75,049 74,993

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,412 65,601 65,625 65,348 65,890 65,855 65,614 65,505 65,611

Participation rate

71.8 71.5 71.5 71.8 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.4 71.5

Employed

63,378 63,702 63,796 63,159 63,785 63,695 63,690 63,486 63,629

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.4 69.5 69.4 69.7 69.5 69.5 69.2 69.3

Unemployed

2,034 1,899 1,829 2,189 2,106 2,159 1,924 2,019 1,982

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.9 2.8 3.3 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,501 55,100 55,404 55,447 55,197 55,420 55,534 55,351 55,297

Participation rate

57.9 57.2 57.5 57.9 57.4 57.6 57.7 57.5 57.4

Employed

53,577 53,100 53,811 53,538 53,450 53,608 53,746 53,592 53,722

Employment-population ratio

55.9 55.1 55.8 55.9 55.6 55.7 55.8 55.6 55.7

Unemployed

1,924 2,000 1,594 1,909 1,747 1,812 1,787 1,759 1,575

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.6 2.9 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,407 4,761 4,383 4,602 4,601 4,510 4,572 4,450 4,574

Participation rate

35.7 38.7 35.6 37.3 37.3 36.6 37.2 36.2 37.2

Employed

3,902 4,239 3,893 4,057 4,068 4,044 4,069 3,949 4,046

Employment-population ratio

31.6 34.4 31.6 32.9 33.0 32.8 33.1 32.1 32.9

Unemployed

505 522 490 545 533 466 502 501 528

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.0 11.2 11.8 11.6 10.3 11.0 11.3 11.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,333 32,810 32,848 32,333 32,704 32,737 32,771 32,810 32,848

Civilian labor force

20,227 20,452 20,484 20,254 20,296 20,364 20,495 20,404 20,513

Participation rate

62.6 62.3 62.4 62.6 62.1 62.2 62.5 62.2 62.4

Employed

18,842 19,114 19,295 18,838 19,092 19,045 19,144 19,114 19,272

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.3 58.7 58.3 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.3 58.7

Unemployed

1,385 1,338 1,189 1,416 1,204 1,319 1,351 1,289 1,240

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.5 5.8 7.0 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.0

Not in labor force

12,106 12,358 12,365 12,079 12,408 12,373 12,276 12,406 12,336

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,315 9,431 9,369 9,294 9,382 9,162 9,320 9,407 9,359

Participation rate

69.0 68.6 68.0 68.8 68.5 66.8 67.9 68.4 68.0

Employed

8,708 8,884 8,842 8,668 8,792 8,573 8,751 8,841 8,813

Employment-population ratio

64.5 64.6 64.2 64.2 64.2 62.5 63.7 64.3 64.0

Unemployed

606 546 526 626 590 589 569 566 546

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.8 5.6 6.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,153 10,345 10,421 10,166 10,233 10,406 10,426 10,361 10,427

Participation rate

62.2 62.4 62.8 62.3 62.0 63.0 63.0 62.5 62.9

Employed

9,549 9,690 9,892 9,550 9,754 9,838 9,793 9,766 9,874

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.5 59.6 58.5 59.1 59.5 59.2 59.0 59.5

Unemployed

604 655 529 616 479 568 633 595 554

Unemployment rate

5.9 6.3 5.1 6.1 4.7 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

759 676 694 794 681 796 750 635 726

Participation rate

30.2 27.1 27.8 31.6 27.3 31.9 30.0 25.5 29.1

Employed

584 539 560 619 547 635 600 508 585

Employment-population ratio

23.3 21.6 22.5 24.7 21.9 25.4 24.1 20.3 23.5

Unemployed

174 137 134 174 135 162 149 128 140

Unemployment rate

23.0 20.3 19.3 22.0 19.8 20.3 19.9 20.1 19.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,483 16,093 16,011 15,483 15,874 15,934 15,922 16,093 16,011

Civilian labor force

9,973 10,279 10,289 9,985 9,932 10,140 10,153 10,259 10,300

Participation rate

64.4 63.9 64.3 64.5 62.6 63.6 63.8 63.7 64.3

Employed

9,619 9,967 9,933 9,626 9,720 9,817 9,838 9,950 9,938

Employment-population ratio

62.1 61.9 62.0 62.2 61.2 61.6 61.8 61.8 62.1

Unemployed

353 312 356 359 212 322 314 309 362

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.0 3.5 3.6 2.1 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.5

Not in labor force

5,510 5,814 5,722 5,498 5,942 5,794 5,769 5,834 5,712

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: October 05, 2018