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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2019
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Sept.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,062 201,417 201,515 201,062 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515

Civilian labor force

126,928 124,491 124,095 127,018 122,661 124,009 123,618 124,471 124,213

Participation rate

63.1 61.8 61.6 63.2 61.0 61.6 61.4 61.8 61.6

Employed

123,055 115,205 115,603 122,955 107,499 111,538 112,226 115,354 115,496

Employment-population ratio

61.2 57.2 57.4 61.2 53.4 55.4 55.7 57.3 57.3

Unemployed

3,873 9,286 8,492 4,063 15,162 12,470 11,392 9,118 8,717

Unemployment rate

3.1 7.5 6.8 3.2 12.4 10.1 9.2 7.3 7.0

Not in labor force

74,133 76,927 77,420 74,044 78,493 77,224 77,701 76,946 77,302

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,100 64,909 64,919 66,109 64,125 64,688 64,420 64,911 64,976

Participation rate

71.8 70.3 70.3 71.8 69.5 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.3

Employed

64,380 60,577 60,904 64,224 57,263 58,898 59,054 60,425 60,738

Employment-population ratio

69.9 65.6 65.9 69.7 62.1 63.8 64.0 65.4 65.7

Unemployed

1,720 4,331 4,014 1,886 6,862 5,790 5,367 4,485 4,238

Unemployment rate

2.6 6.7 6.2 2.9 10.7 9.0 8.3 6.9 6.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,449 54,837 54,696 56,348 54,294 55,147 55,124 55,124 54,568

Participation rate

58.4 56.6 56.4 58.3 56.1 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.3

Employed

54,807 50,557 50,917 54,709 47,195 49,440 49,822 51,124 50,794

Employment-population ratio

56.7 52.2 52.5 56.6 48.8 51.1 51.4 52.7 52.4

Unemployed

1,643 4,279 3,779 1,639 7,099 5,707 5,302 4,000 3,774

Unemployment rate

2.9 7.8 6.9 2.9 13.1 10.3 9.6 7.3 6.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,379 4,746 4,481 4,561 4,242 4,174 4,074 4,437 4,669

Participation rate

35.8 39.1 36.9 37.3 34.9 34.4 33.6 36.6 38.5

Employed

3,868 4,070 3,782 4,022 3,041 3,201 3,350 3,805 3,965

Employment-population ratio

31.6 33.5 31.2 32.9 25.0 26.4 27.6 31.4 32.7

Unemployed

511 676 699 539 1,202 973 724 632 704

Unemployment rate

11.7 14.2 15.6 11.8 28.3 23.3 17.8 14.2 15.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,116 33,386 33,420 33,116 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420

Civilian labor force

20,656 20,199 19,907 20,685 19,858 20,010 20,094 20,150 19,956

Participation rate

62.4 60.5 59.6 62.5 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.4 59.7

Employed

19,611 17,551 17,609 19,550 16,523 16,927 17,161 17,528 17,537

Employment-population ratio

59.2 52.6 52.7 59.0 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5

Unemployed

1,045 2,648 2,298 1,135 3,334 3,083 2,933 2,621 2,420

Unemployment rate

5.1 13.1 11.5 5.5 16.8 15.4 14.6 13.0 12.1

Not in labor force

12,460 13,187 13,513 12,431 13,436 13,313 13,258 13,237 13,464

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,509 9,331 9,133 9,488 8,970 9,161 9,229 9,277 9,117

Participation rate

68.3 66.3 64.8 68.1 63.9 65.2 65.6 65.9 64.7

Employed

9,032 8,125 8,031 8,976 7,583 7,670 7,827 8,051 7,967

Employment-population ratio

64.9 57.7 57.0 64.5 54.1 54.6 55.7 57.2 56.5

Unemployed

477 1,206 1,102 512 1,388 1,492 1,402 1,225 1,150

Unemployment rate

5.0 12.9 12.1 5.4 15.5 16.3 15.2 13.2 12.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,480 10,141 10,102 10,478 10,097 10,113 10,156 10,174 10,116

Participation rate

62.6 60.0 59.7 62.6 59.9 60.0 60.2 60.2 59.8

Employed

10,024 8,870 9,026 9,987 8,426 8,693 8,785 8,949 8,997

Employment-population ratio

59.9 52.5 53.4 59.7 50.0 51.6 52.0 53.0 53.2

Unemployed

456 1,271 1,076 491 1,671 1,420 1,371 1,224 1,120

Unemployment rate

4.3 12.5 10.7 4.7 16.5 14.0 13.5 12.0 11.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

668 727 672 719 791 735 709 699 723

Participation rate

27.2 30.1 27.9 29.3 32.7 30.4 29.4 29.0 30.0

Employed

556 556 552 588 515 564 549 527 573

Employment-population ratio

22.6 23.0 22.9 23.9 21.3 23.3 22.7 21.9 23.8

Unemployed

112 171 120 132 276 171 160 172 150

Unemployment rate

16.8 23.5 17.8 18.3 34.9 23.2 22.5 24.6 20.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,400 16,597 16,668 16,400 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668

Civilian labor force

10,518 10,627 10,507 10,521 9,968 10,108 10,408 10,595 10,501

Participation rate

64.1 64.0 63.0 64.2 60.8 61.4 63.4 63.8 63.0

Employed

10,261 9,491 9,581 10,262 8,475 8,717 9,163 9,462 9,568

Employment-population ratio

62.6 57.2 57.5 62.6 51.7 52.9 55.8 57.0 57.4

Unemployed

257 1,136 926 259 1,493 1,392 1,245 1,133 933

Unemployment rate

2.4 10.7 8.8 2.5 15.0 13.8 12.0 10.7 8.9

Not in labor force

5,881 5,969 6,162 5,879 6,417 6,362 6,012 6,001 6,167

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: October 05, 2020