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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2019
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,576 201,023 201,082 200,576 201,326 200,918 200,968 201,023 201,082

Civilian labor force

125,627 125,761 120,795 125,911 127,197 127,288 127,146 126,021 121,242

Participation rate

62.6 62.6 60.1 62.8 63.2 63.4 63.3 62.7 60.3

Employed

122,036 120,660 104,083 121,964 123,175 123,332 123,189 121,042 104,065

Employment-population ratio

60.8 60.0 51.8 60.8 61.2 61.4 61.3 60.2 51.8

Unemployed

3,591 5,101 16,713 3,947 4,022 3,957 3,957 4,979 17,176

Unemployment rate

2.9 4.1 13.8 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1 4.0 14.2

Not in labor force

74,950 75,261 80,287 74,665 74,129 73,630 73,821 75,002 79,840

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,852 65,501 63,595 65,815 66,076 66,279 66,153 65,522 63,645

Participation rate

71.7 71.1 69.0 71.6 71.6 72.0 71.8 71.1 69.1

Employed

64,014 62,842 55,863 63,915 64,238 64,341 64,204 63,120 55,776

Employment-population ratio

69.7 68.2 60.6 69.6 69.6 69.9 69.7 68.5 60.5

Unemployed

1,838 2,659 7,732 1,900 1,839 1,938 1,950 2,402 7,869

Unemployment rate

2.8 4.1 12.2 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.7 12.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,639 55,894 53,581 55,657 56,429 56,324 56,247 55,878 53,634

Participation rate

57.7 57.8 55.4 57.7 58.3 58.3 58.2 57.8 55.4

Employed

54,309 53,974 45,735 54,120 54,827 54,807 54,692 53,878 45,563

Employment-population ratio

56.3 55.8 47.3 56.1 56.6 56.7 56.6 55.7 47.1

Unemployed

1,330 1,921 7,846 1,538 1,602 1,517 1,555 2,000 8,071

Unemployment rate

2.4 3.4 14.6 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.6 15.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,136 4,366 3,620 4,438 4,692 4,686 4,746 4,621 3,963

Participation rate

33.8 35.9 29.8 36.2 38.4 38.4 39.0 38.0 32.6

Employed

3,713 3,844 2,485 3,930 4,111 4,184 4,294 4,043 2,727

Employment-population ratio

30.3 31.6 20.4 32.1 33.6 34.3 35.2 33.2 22.4

Unemployed

423 521 1,135 509 581 502 452 578 1,236

Unemployment rate

10.2 11.9 31.3 11.5 12.4 10.7 9.5 12.5 31.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,955 33,238 33,267 32,955 33,215 33,184 33,211 33,238 33,267

Civilian labor force

20,537 20,455 19,425 20,587 20,949 20,790 20,946 20,596 19,487

Participation rate

62.3 61.5 58.4 62.5 63.1 62.6 63.1 62.0 58.6

Employed

19,262 19,018 16,248 19,235 19,712 19,549 19,730 19,208 16,240

Employment-population ratio

58.4 57.2 48.8 58.4 59.3 58.9 59.4 57.8 48.8

Unemployed

1,275 1,438 3,177 1,352 1,238 1,241 1,216 1,387 3,247

Unemployment rate

6.2 7.0 16.4 6.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.7 16.7

Not in labor force

12,418 12,783 13,841 12,368 12,266 12,395 12,266 12,642 13,780

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,449 9,404 8,856 9,451 9,591 9,445 9,499 9,477 8,880

Participation rate

68.3 67.2 63.2 68.3 68.6 67.6 68.0 67.7 63.4

Employed

8,827 8,691 7,431 8,823 9,034 8,918 8,945 8,812 7,448

Employment-population ratio

63.8 62.1 53.0 63.8 64.6 63.9 64.0 63.0 53.2

Unemployed

622 713 1,425 628 557 526 554 665 1,432

Unemployment rate

6.6 7.6 16.1 6.6 5.8 5.6 5.8 7.0 16.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,406 10,363 9,997 10,416 10,625 10,617 10,721 10,374 9,995

Participation rate

62.5 61.6 59.4 62.6 63.3 63.3 63.8 61.7 59.4

Employed

9,907 9,806 8,413 9,860 10,094 10,067 10,207 9,830 8,351

Employment-population ratio

59.5 58.3 50.0 59.2 60.1 60.0 60.8 58.5 49.6

Unemployed

499 558 1,584 556 530 550 514 543 1,644

Unemployment rate

4.8 5.4 15.8 5.3 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.2 16.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

681 687 573 720 734 728 725 745 612

Participation rate

27.6 28.3 23.6 29.2 29.9 29.8 29.8 30.7 25.2

Employed

527 521 405 552 583 564 578 566 441

Employment-population ratio

21.3 21.4 16.7 22.4 23.8 23.1 23.7 23.3 18.2

Unemployed

155 167 168 168 151 164 148 180 171

Unemployment rate

22.7 24.2 29.4 23.3 20.6 22.5 20.4 24.1 28.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,290 16,419 16,363 16,290 16,482 16,178 16,421 16,419 16,363

Civilian labor force

10,166 10,486 9,893 10,194 10,478 10,332 10,574 10,470 9,938

Participation rate

62.4 63.9 60.5 62.6 63.6 63.9 64.4 63.8 60.7

Employed

9,954 10,058 8,476 9,969 10,214 10,017 10,312 10,037 8,499

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.3 51.8 61.2 62.0 61.9 62.8 61.1 51.9

Unemployed

212 428 1,418 225 264 315 262 433 1,438

Unemployment rate

2.1 4.1 14.3 2.2 2.5 3.0 2.5 4.1 14.5

Not in labor force

6,124 5,932 6,470 6,096 6,004 5,847 5,848 5,948 6,425

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 11, 2020