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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2019
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sept.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,326 201,685 201,749 201,326 201,417 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749

Civilian labor force

126,758 124,065 123,828 127,160 124,512 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208

Participation rate

63.0 61.5 61.4 63.2 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6

Employed

122,919 117,041 116,479 123,164 115,342 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703

Employment-population ratio

61.1 58.0 57.7 61.2 57.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8

Unemployed

3,839 7,024 7,348 3,997 9,170 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505

Unemployment rate

3.0 5.7 5.9 3.1 7.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0

Not in labor force

74,568 77,620 77,921 74,166 76,906 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,827 64,598 64,407 66,022 64,946 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593

Participation rate

71.4 69.8 69.6 71.6 70.3 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8

Employed

63,897 60,953 60,561 64,219 60,459 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872

Employment-population ratio

69.3 65.9 65.5 69.6 65.5 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8

Unemployed

1,930 3,645 3,847 1,803 4,487 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721

Unemployment rate

2.9 5.6 6.0 2.7 6.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,509 55,014 55,048 56,454 55,140 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980

Participation rate

58.4 56.7 56.7 58.3 56.9 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6

Employed

55,086 52,200 52,116 54,854 51,111 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871

Employment-population ratio

56.9 53.8 53.7 56.6 52.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4

Unemployed

1,423 2,814 2,932 1,600 4,029 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109

Unemployment rate

2.5 5.1 5.3 2.8 7.3 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,423 4,453 4,372 4,684 4,425 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635

Participation rate

36.2 36.7 36.1 38.3 36.5 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2

Employed

3,936 3,887 3,802 4,090 3,771 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960

Employment-population ratio

32.2 32.1 31.4 33.4 31.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7

Unemployed

486 565 570 594 654 716 612 616 675

Unemployment rate

11.0 12.7 13.0 12.7 14.8 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,215 33,486 33,516 33,215 33,386 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516

Civilian labor force

20,855 20,166 19,919 20,989 20,112 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055

Participation rate

62.8 60.2 59.4 63.2 60.2 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8

Employed

19,692 18,184 18,066 19,687 17,530 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061

Employment-population ratio

59.3 54.3 53.9 59.3 52.5 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9

Unemployed

1,163 1,982 1,853 1,302 2,582 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994

Unemployment rate

5.6 9.8 9.3 6.2 12.8 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9

Not in labor force

12,360 13,320 13,597 12,226 13,274 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,500 9,197 9,166 9,555 9,281 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222

Participation rate

68.0 65.1 64.8 68.4 65.9 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2

Employed

8,965 8,217 8,245 8,988 8,059 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265

Employment-population ratio

64.1 58.2 58.3 64.3 57.3 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4

Unemployed

535 980 921 567 1,222 1,149 1,058 1,033 956

Unemployment rate

5.6 10.7 10.0 5.9 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,646 10,295 10,041 10,693 10,140 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088

Participation rate

63.4 60.7 59.2 63.7 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5

Employed

10,139 9,395 9,264 10,111 8,945 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238

Employment-population ratio

60.4 55.4 54.6 60.2 52.9 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5

Unemployed

507 900 778 582 1,195 1,093 939 921 849

Unemployment rate

4.8 8.7 7.7 5.4 11.8 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

709 674 712 742 691 726 731 706 746

Participation rate

28.9 28.0 29.6 30.3 28.6 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0

Employed

588 572 557 588 525 584 559 583 558

Employment-population ratio

24.0 23.8 23.2 24.0 21.8 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2

Unemployed

121 102 154 154 166 142 172 123 188

Unemployment rate

17.1 15.1 21.7 20.7 24.0 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,482 16,558 16,583 16,482 16,597 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583

Civilian labor force

10,443 10,366 10,259 10,439 10,582 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253

Participation rate

63.4 62.6 61.9 63.3 63.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8

Employed

10,189 9,675 9,664 10,172 9,461 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645

Employment-population ratio

61.8 58.4 58.3 61.7 57.0 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2

Unemployed

254 691 595 267 1,121 926 784 695 608

Unemployment rate

2.4 6.7 5.8 2.6 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9

Not in labor force

6,040 6,192 6,324 6,043 6,015 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021