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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2020
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,749 202,199 202,250 201,749 201,968 202,057 202,138 202,199 202,250

Civilian labor force

123,828 124,666 124,427 124,224 124,207 124,204 124,279 124,677 124,780

Participation rate

61.4 61.7 61.5 61.6 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.7 61.7

Employed

116,479 120,431 120,536 116,707 118,557 119,009 119,376 120,084 120,749

Employment-population ratio

57.7 59.6 59.6 57.8 58.7 58.9 59.1 59.4 59.7

Unemployed

7,348 4,234 3,891 7,517 5,650 5,194 4,903 4,593 4,032

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.4 3.1 6.1 4.5 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2

Not in labor force

77,921 77,533 77,823 77,525 77,760 77,853 77,859 77,521 77,469

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,407 64,941 64,784 64,629 64,814 64,957 64,693 64,973 65,000

Participation rate

69.6 70.0 69.8 69.9 69.9 70.1 69.8 70.0 70.0

Employed

60,561 62,962 62,745 60,871 61,944 62,257 62,374 62,835 63,047

Employment-population ratio

65.5 67.9 67.6 65.8 66.9 67.2 67.3 67.7 67.9

Unemployed

3,847 1,979 2,039 3,758 2,870 2,699 2,320 2,138 1,953

Unemployment rate

6.0 3.0 3.1 5.8 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.3 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,048 55,310 55,289 54,950 54,764 54,574 54,901 55,069 55,177

Participation rate

56.7 56.8 56.8 56.6 56.3 56.1 56.4 56.6 56.7

Employed

52,116 53,435 53,765 51,858 52,432 52,574 52,800 53,030 53,493

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.9 55.2 53.4 53.9 54.0 54.2 54.5 54.9

Unemployed

2,932 1,875 1,524 3,092 2,332 2,000 2,101 2,039 1,684

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.4 2.8 5.6 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,372 4,415 4,354 4,645 4,629 4,673 4,684 4,635 4,603

Participation rate

36.1 36.6 36.1 38.3 38.4 38.7 38.8 38.4 38.2

Employed

3,802 4,035 4,025 3,978 4,181 4,178 4,202 4,219 4,209

Employment-population ratio

31.4 33.5 33.4 32.8 34.7 34.6 34.8 35.0 34.9

Unemployed

570 380 329 667 448 495 482 415 395

Unemployment rate

13.0 8.6 7.5 14.4 9.7 10.6 10.3 9.0 8.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,516 33,725 33,749 33,516 33,645 33,673 33,699 33,725 33,749

Civilian labor force

19,919 20,478 20,364 20,087 20,681 20,626 20,565 20,477 20,506

Participation rate

59.4 60.7 60.3 59.9 61.5 61.3 61.0 60.7 60.8

Employed

18,066 19,232 19,045 18,076 18,879 19,017 18,962 19,143 19,057

Employment-population ratio

53.9 57.0 56.4 53.9 56.1 56.5 56.3 56.8 56.5

Unemployed

1,853 1,246 1,319 2,011 1,803 1,608 1,603 1,335 1,449

Unemployment rate

9.3 6.1 6.5 10.0 8.7 7.8 7.8 6.5 7.1

Not in labor force

13,597 13,247 13,385 13,429 12,964 13,047 13,135 13,248 13,243

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,166 9,450 9,320 9,237 9,471 9,389 9,479 9,466 9,378

Participation rate

64.8 66.3 65.3 65.3 66.6 65.9 66.5 66.4 65.7

Employed

8,245 8,823 8,697 8,270 8,616 8,644 8,699 8,787 8,723

Employment-population ratio

58.3 61.9 60.9 58.5 60.6 60.7 61.0 61.6 61.1

Unemployed

921 626 623 967 855 745 780 679 655

Unemployment rate

10.0 6.6 6.7 10.5 9.0 7.9 8.2 7.2 7.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,041 10,352 10,391 10,108 10,472 10,450 10,383 10,301 10,445

Participation rate

59.2 60.6 60.8 59.6 61.5 61.3 60.9 60.3 61.1

Employed

9,264 9,874 9,814 9,244 9,653 9,702 9,673 9,802 9,794

Employment-population ratio

54.6 57.8 57.4 54.5 56.7 56.9 56.7 57.4 57.3

Unemployed

778 478 577 864 819 748 710 500 651

Unemployment rate

7.7 4.6 5.6 8.5 7.8 7.2 6.8 4.9 6.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

712 677 653 743 738 787 703 711 683

Participation rate

29.6 28.4 27.4 30.9 30.9 33.0 29.5 29.8 28.6

Employed

557 535 535 563 609 671 590 554 540

Employment-population ratio

23.2 22.4 22.4 23.4 25.5 28.1 24.7 23.2 22.6

Unemployed

154 142 118 180 129 115 113 157 143

Unemployment rate

21.7 20.9 18.1 24.2 17.4 14.6 16.0 22.0 21.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,583 16,513 16,612 16,583 16,555 16,540 16,485 16,513 16,612

Civilian labor force

10,259 10,767 10,727 10,271 10,610 10,652 10,767 10,781 10,739

Participation rate

61.9 65.2 64.6 61.9 64.1 64.4 65.3 65.3 64.6

Employed

9,664 10,365 10,344 9,647 10,135 10,207 10,310 10,362 10,326

Employment-population ratio

58.3 62.8 62.3 58.2 61.2 61.7 62.5 62.8 62.2

Unemployed

595 402 383 624 476 445 457 419 413

Unemployment rate

5.8 3.7 3.6 6.1 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.8

Not in labor force

6,324 5,746 5,885 6,312 5,945 5,889 5,718 5,731 5,873

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: January 07, 2022