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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2021
Sept.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Sept.
2022
Oct.
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,138 203,420 203,522 202,138 203,125 203,229 203,324 203,420 203,522

Civilian labor force

124,407 126,036 126,215 124,279 125,706 125,705 126,172 126,183 126,164

Participation rate

61.5 62.0 62.0 61.5 61.9 61.9 62.1 62.0 62.0

Employed

119,891 122,403 122,490 119,376 121,587 121,822 122,129 122,329 122,078

Employment-population ratio

59.3 60.2 60.2 59.1 59.9 59.9 60.1 60.1 60.0

Unemployed

4,517 3,633 3,725 4,903 4,119 3,884 4,043 3,855 4,087

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.9 3.0 3.9 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.2

Not in labor force

77,731 77,383 77,308 77,859 77,419 77,524 77,152 77,237 77,358

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,725 65,872 66,025 64,693 65,556 65,430 65,600 65,940 66,028

Participation rate

69.8 70.2 70.3 69.8 70.0 69.8 69.9 70.3 70.3

Employed

62,644 64,221 64,276 62,374 63,529 63,464 63,553 64,048 64,043

Employment-population ratio

67.5 68.4 68.4 67.3 67.8 67.7 67.7 68.2 68.2

Unemployed

2,081 1,651 1,749 2,320 2,027 1,966 2,048 1,892 1,985

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.5 2.6 3.6 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,170 55,435 55,592 54,901 55,318 55,565 55,661 55,351 55,334

Participation rate

56.7 57.1 57.2 56.4 57.1 57.3 57.4 57.0 57.0

Employed

53,184 53,979 54,043 52,800 53,727 54,123 54,125 53,914 53,695

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.6 55.6 54.2 55.4 55.8 55.8 55.5 55.3

Unemployed

1,986 1,456 1,550 2,101 1,591 1,442 1,535 1,437 1,638

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.6 2.8 3.8 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,512 4,730 4,597 4,684 4,832 4,711 4,911 4,892 4,803

Participation rate

37.4 37.8 36.8 38.8 38.7 37.7 39.3 39.1 38.4

Employed

4,062 4,203 4,171 4,202 4,331 4,235 4,451 4,366 4,340

Employment-population ratio

33.7 33.6 33.4 34.8 34.7 33.9 35.6 34.9 34.7

Unemployed

450 527 426 482 501 476 460 526 463

Unemployment rate

10.0 11.1 9.3 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.4 10.8 9.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,699 34,204 34,237 33,699 34,107 34,138 34,171 34,204 34,237

Civilian labor force

20,689 21,218 21,368 20,565 21,213 21,174 21,123 21,258 21,243

Participation rate

61.4 62.0 62.4 61.0 62.2 62.0 61.8 62.1 62.0

Employed

19,120 20,041 20,124 18,962 19,975 19,907 19,776 20,014 19,984

Employment-population ratio

56.7 58.6 58.8 56.3 58.6 58.3 57.9 58.5 58.4

Unemployed

1,568 1,177 1,244 1,603 1,238 1,268 1,347 1,243 1,259

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.5 5.8 7.8 5.8 6.0 6.4 5.8 5.9

Not in labor force

13,011 12,986 12,869 13,135 12,895 12,964 13,048 12,946 12,994

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,540 9,907 9,836 9,479 9,866 9,764 9,707 9,894 9,779

Participation rate

66.9 68.1 67.6 66.5 68.1 67.3 66.8 68.0 67.2

Employed

8,779 9,368 9,335 8,699 9,342 9,212 9,125 9,321 9,264

Employment-population ratio

61.6 64.4 64.1 61.0 64.4 63.5 62.8 64.1 63.6

Unemployed

761 540 500 780 524 552 582 573 514

Unemployment rate

8.0 5.4 5.1 8.2 5.3 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,447 10,638 10,770 10,383 10,628 10,688 10,643 10,636 10,699

Participation rate

61.2 61.9 62.6 60.9 62.0 62.3 62.0 61.9 62.2

Employed

9,742 10,072 10,140 9,673 10,030 10,119 10,018 10,058 10,081

Employment-population ratio

57.1 58.6 59.0 56.7 58.6 59.0 58.4 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

705 565 630 710 598 569 625 578 619

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.3 5.8 6.8 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.4 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

702 673 762 703 719 722 773 728 765

Participation rate

29.4 27.1 30.6 29.5 29.0 29.1 31.1 29.3 30.7

Employed

599 601 648 590 603 576 634 635 639

Employment-population ratio

25.1 24.2 26.0 24.7 24.3 23.2 25.5 25.5 25.7

Unemployed

102 72 114 113 116 146 140 92 127

Unemployment rate

14.6 10.7 15.0 16.0 16.1 20.3 18.1 12.7 16.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,485 17,132 17,129 16,485 16,910 16,920 16,989 17,132 17,129

Civilian labor force

10,756 11,151 11,100 10,767 10,894 10,980 11,096 11,122 11,124

Participation rate

65.2 65.1 64.8 65.3 64.4 64.9 65.3 64.9 64.9

Employed

10,312 10,882 10,776 10,310 10,565 10,693 10,790 10,848 10,797

Employment-population ratio

62.5 63.5 62.9 62.5 62.5 63.2 63.5 63.3 63.0

Unemployed

445 269 323 457 330 287 307 274 327

Unemployment rate

4.1 2.4 2.9 4.2 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.9

Not in labor force

5,729 5,981 6,029 5,718 6,016 5,940 5,893 6,009 6,005

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: November 04, 2022