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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,023 201,606 201,642 201,023 201,685 201,749 201,588 201,606 201,642

Civilian labor force

125,761 123,680 123,768 125,803 124,038 124,208 123,727 123,737 123,819

Participation rate

62.6 61.3 61.4 62.6 61.5 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.4

Employed

120,660 116,369 116,981 120,840 116,665 116,703 116,699 116,859 117,166

Employment-population ratio

60.0 57.7 58.0 60.1 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.1

Unemployed

5,101 7,312 6,787 4,963 7,373 7,505 7,027 6,878 6,653

Unemployment rate

4.1 5.9 5.5 3.9 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4

Not in labor force

75,261 77,926 77,874 75,220 77,647 77,541 77,862 77,869 77,823

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,501 64,441 64,348 65,420 64,648 64,593 64,550 64,434 64,289

Participation rate

71.1 69.7 69.6 71.0 69.9 69.8 69.8 69.7 69.5

Employed

62,842 60,565 60,753 63,012 60,844 60,872 60,988 60,989 60,935

Employment-population ratio

68.2 65.5 65.7 68.4 65.8 65.8 66.0 66.0 65.9

Unemployed

2,659 3,875 3,596 2,407 3,804 3,721 3,561 3,446 3,353

Unemployment rate

4.1 6.0 5.6 3.7 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,894 54,824 55,040 55,777 54,717 54,980 54,529 54,599 54,911

Participation rate

57.8 56.5 56.7 57.7 56.4 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.6

Employed

53,974 51,985 52,340 53,789 51,765 51,871 51,739 51,782 52,155

Employment-population ratio

55.8 53.6 53.9 55.6 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.4 53.7

Unemployed

1,921 2,838 2,699 1,988 2,953 3,109 2,790 2,817 2,756

Unemployment rate

3.4 5.2 4.9 3.6 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,366 4,416 4,380 4,606 4,673 4,635 4,648 4,704 4,619

Participation rate

35.9 36.5 36.3 37.8 38.5 38.2 38.4 38.9 38.2

Employed

3,844 3,818 3,888 4,038 4,056 3,960 3,972 4,088 4,076

Employment-population ratio

31.6 31.6 32.2 33.2 33.4 32.7 32.8 33.8 33.7

Unemployed

521 598 492 568 616 675 676 616 543

Unemployment rate

11.9 13.5 11.2 12.3 13.2 14.6 14.5 13.1 11.8

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,238 33,511 33,530 33,238 33,486 33,516 33,493 33,511 33,530

Civilian labor force

20,455 20,041 20,283 20,558 20,165 20,055 20,189 20,154 20,362

Participation rate

61.5 59.8 60.5 61.8 60.2 59.8 60.3 60.1 60.7

Employed

19,018 17,989 18,281 19,164 18,087 18,061 18,323 18,159 18,412

Employment-population ratio

57.2 53.7 54.5 57.7 54.0 53.9 54.7 54.2 54.9

Unemployed

1,438 2,052 2,002 1,394 2,077 1,994 1,866 1,995 1,951

Unemployment rate

7.0 10.2 9.9 6.8 10.3 9.9 9.2 9.9 9.6

Not in labor force

12,783 13,470 13,247 12,680 13,321 13,461 13,305 13,357 13,168

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,404 9,278 9,394 9,450 9,217 9,222 9,348 9,340 9,430

Participation rate

67.2 65.6 66.3 67.5 65.2 65.2 66.1 66.0 66.6

Employed

8,691 8,261 8,406 8,798 8,184 8,265 8,468 8,383 8,501

Employment-population ratio

62.1 58.4 59.4 62.9 57.9 58.4 59.9 59.2 60.0

Unemployed

713 1,017 988 652 1,033 956 880 957 928

Unemployment rate

7.6 11.0 10.5 6.9 11.2 10.4 9.4 10.2 9.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,363 10,120 10,197 10,359 10,242 10,088 10,138 10,127 10,181

Participation rate

61.6 59.7 60.1 61.6 60.4 59.5 59.8 59.7 60.0

Employed

9,806 9,201 9,296 9,806 9,320 9,238 9,274 9,225 9,294

Employment-population ratio

58.3 54.2 54.8 58.3 55.0 54.5 54.7 54.4 54.8

Unemployed

558 919 902 553 921 849 864 902 887

Unemployment rate

5.4 9.1 8.8 5.3 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.9 8.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

687 643 691 748 706 746 703 687 752

Participation rate

28.3 26.8 28.9 30.8 29.3 31.0 29.3 28.7 31.4

Employed

521 527 579 560 583 558 581 551 616

Employment-population ratio

21.4 22.0 24.2 23.0 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.0 25.7

Unemployed

167 116 112 189 123 188 122 136 136

Unemployment rate

24.2 18.0 16.2 25.2 17.4 25.2 17.3 19.8 18.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,419 16,588 16,532 16,419 16,558 16,583 16,423 16,588 16,532

Civilian labor force

10,486 10,404 10,433 10,473 10,380 10,253 10,317 10,315 10,422

Participation rate

63.9 62.7 63.1 63.8 62.7 61.8 62.8 62.2 63.0

Employed

10,058 9,873 9,817 10,040 9,685 9,645 9,631 9,792 9,799

Employment-population ratio

61.3 59.5 59.4 61.1 58.5 58.2 58.6 59.0 59.3

Unemployed

428 532 616 434 695 608 686 523 623

Unemployment rate

4.1 5.1 5.9 4.1 6.7 5.9 6.6 5.1 6.0

Not in labor force

5,932 6,184 6,099 5,945 6,179 6,329 6,106 6,273 6,110

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021