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Economic News Release
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Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2019
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

258,693 259,758 259,896 258,693 260,181 259,502 259,628 259,758 259,896

Civilian labor force

162,097 162,537 155,830 162,546 164,556 164,606 164,546 162,913 156,481

Participation rate

62.7 62.6 60.0 62.8 63.2 63.4 63.4 62.7 60.2

Employed

156,710 155,167 133,326 156,696 158,803 158,714 158,759 155,772 133,403

Employment-population ratio

60.6 59.7 51.3 60.6 61.0 61.2 61.1 60.0 51.3

Unemployed

5,387 7,370 22,504 5,850 5,753 5,892 5,787 7,140 23,078

Unemployment rate

3.3 4.5 14.4 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 4.4 14.7

Not in labor force

96,596 97,221 104,066 96,147 95,625 94,896 95,082 96,845 103,415

Persons who currently want a job

4,951 5,215 9,761 5,105 4,832 4,904 4,962 5,509 9,916

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,114 125,639 125,707 125,114 125,852 125,513 125,575 125,639 125,707

Civilian labor force

86,027 85,914 82,820 86,233 87,049 87,088 87,008 86,123 83,139

Participation rate

68.8 68.4 65.9 68.9 69.2 69.4 69.3 68.5 66.1

Employed

82,963 81,794 71,810 82,999 84,034 83,940 83,871 82,357 71,916

Employment-population ratio

66.3 65.1 57.1 66.3 66.8 66.9 66.8 65.6 57.2

Unemployed

3,064 4,120 11,010 3,234 3,015 3,147 3,137 3,765 11,223

Unemployment rate

3.6 4.8 13.3 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.4 13.5

Not in labor force

39,087 39,725 42,887 38,881 38,803 38,426 38,568 39,516 42,569

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,665 117,254 117,330 116,665 117,413 117,110 117,181 117,254 117,330

Civilian labor force

83,415 83,174 80,379 83,421 84,008 84,087 84,001 83,176 80,461

Participation rate

71.5 70.9 68.5 71.5 71.5 71.8 71.7 70.9 68.6

Employed

80,711 79,448 70,041 80,609 81,390 81,345 81,202 79,832 69,977

Employment-population ratio

69.2 67.8 59.7 69.1 69.3 69.5 69.3 68.1 59.6

Unemployed

2,703 3,726 10,338 2,812 2,618 2,743 2,799 3,344 10,483

Unemployment rate

3.2 4.5 12.9 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.3 4.0 13.0

Not in labor force

33,251 34,080 36,951 33,244 33,405 33,023 33,180 34,078 36,870

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

133,579 134,119 134,189 133,579 134,329 133,988 134,053 134,119 134,189

Civilian labor force

76,069 76,623 73,010 76,313 77,507 77,518 77,538 76,790 73,343

Participation rate

56.9 57.1 54.4 57.1 57.7 57.9 57.8 57.3 54.7

Employed

73,747 73,373 61,516 73,697 74,769 74,774 74,888 73,415 61,487

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 45.8 55.2 55.7 55.8 55.9 54.7 45.8

Unemployed

2,323 3,250 11,494 2,616 2,738 2,744 2,651 3,375 11,855

Unemployment rate

3.1 4.2 15.7 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.4 16.2

Not in labor force

57,510 57,496 61,179 57,266 56,822 56,470 56,514 57,329 60,847

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,332 125,915 125,991 125,332 126,082 125,770 125,841 125,915 125,991

Civilian labor force

73,382 73,789 70,790 73,440 74,584 74,512 74,501 73,840 70,913

Participation rate

58.5 58.6 56.2 58.6 59.2 59.2 59.2 58.6 56.3

Employed

71,327 70,908 60,124 71,136 72,200 72,097 72,179 70,886 59,947

Employment-population ratio

56.9 56.3 47.7 56.8 57.3 57.3 57.4 56.3 47.6

Unemployed

2,055 2,881 10,666 2,304 2,383 2,415 2,323 2,954 10,966

Unemployment rate

2.8 3.9 15.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 4.0 15.5

Not in labor force

51,950 52,126 55,202 51,892 51,498 51,258 51,340 52,075 55,079

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,696 16,590 16,574 16,696 16,686 16,622 16,606 16,590 16,574

Civilian labor force

5,300 5,574 4,661 5,685 5,964 6,007 6,043 5,897 5,108

Participation rate

31.7 33.6 28.1 34.1 35.7 36.1 36.4 35.5 30.8

Employed

4,672 4,811 3,161 4,951 5,213 5,273 5,378 5,054 3,479

Employment-population ratio

28.0 29.0 19.1 29.7 31.2 31.7 32.4 30.5 21.0

Unemployed

628 763 1,500 734 752 734 665 843 1,628

Unemployment rate

11.9 13.7 32.2 12.9 12.6 12.2 11.0 14.3 31.9

Not in labor force

11,395 11,015 11,913 11,010 10,722 10,614 10,562 10,693 11,467

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 11, 2020