Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until		  USDL-17-0732
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 2, 2017

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MAY 2017


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 138,000 in May, and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 4.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Job gains occurred in health care and mining.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate, at 4.3 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 6.9
million, changed little in May. Since January, the unemployment rate has declined by
0.5 percentage point, and the number of unemployed has decreased by 774,000. (See
table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Whites edged down to 3.7
percent in May. The jobless rates for Blacks (7.5 percent), Asians (3.6 percent),
and Hispanics (5.2 percent), as well as those for adult men (3.8 percent), adult
women (4.0 percent), and teenagers (14.3 percent), showed little or no change.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary
jobs declined by 211,000 to 3.3 million in May. The number of long-term unemployed
(those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged over the month at
1.7 million and accounted for 24.0 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and
A-12.)

The labor force participation rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 62.7 percent
in May but has shown no clear trend over the past 12 months. The employment-population
ratio edged down to 60.0 percent in May. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 5.2 million in May. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)

In May, 1.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 238,000
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were
not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 355,000 discouraged workers in May, down by
183,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in May had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 138,000 in May, compared with an average
monthly gain of 181,000 over the prior 12 months. In May, job gains occurred in health
care and mining. (See table B-1.)

Employment in health care rose by 24,000 in May. Hospitals added 7,000 jobs over the
month, and employment in ambulatory health care services continued to trend up (+13,000).
Job growth in health care has averaged 22,000 per month thus far in 2017, compared with
an average monthly gain of 32,000 in 2016.

Mining added 7,000 jobs in May. Employment in mining has risen by 47,000 since reaching
a recent low point in October 2016, with most of the gain in support activities for mining.

In May, employment in professional and business services continued to trend up (+38,000).
The industry has added an average of 46,000 jobs per month thus far this year, in line
with the average monthly job gain in 2016. 

Employment in food services and drinking places also continued to trend up in May (+30,000)
and has grown by 267,000 over the past 12 months. 

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities,
and government, showed little change over the month.  

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.4
hours in May. In manufacturing, the workweek also was unchanged at 40.7 hours, while
overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours.
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In May, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 4
cents to $26.22. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 63 cents, or 2.5
percent. In May, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 3 cents to $22.00. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised down from +79,000
to +50,000, and the change for April was revised down from +211,000 to +174,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in March and April combined were 66,000 less than
previously reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from
businesses and government agencies since the last published estimates and from the
recalculation of seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged
121,000 per month.  

_____________
The Employment Situation for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 7, 2017,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
Change from:
Apr.
2017-
May
2017

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,174 254,414 254,588 254,767 179

Civilian labor force

158,510 160,201 160,213 159,784 -429

Participation rate

62.6 63.0 62.9 62.7 -0.2

Employed

151,058 153,000 153,156 152,923 -233

Employment-population ratio

59.7 60.1 60.2 60.0 -0.2

Unemployed

7,451 7,202 7,056 6,861 -195

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Not in labor force

94,665 94,213 94,375 94,983 608

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.2 4.0 4.1 4.0 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

16.2 13.7 14.7 14.3 -0.4

White

4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 -0.1

Black or African American

8.2 8.0 7.9 7.5 -0.4

Asian

4.1 3.3 3.2 3.6 0.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.7 0.1

Some college or associate degree

3.8 3.7 3.7 4.0 0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,578 3,519 3,538 3,327 -211

Job leavers

803 798 789 804 15

Reentrants

2,215 2,066 2,032 2,100 68

New entrants

865 790 712 656 -56

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,197 2,334 2,335 2,154 -181

5 to 14 weeks

2,251 2,109 2,135 1,960 -175

15 to 26 weeks

1,174 1,115 1,108 1,157 49

27 weeks and over

1,893 1,687 1,626 1,663 37

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,409 5,553 5,272 5,219 -53

Slack work or business conditions

3,879 3,402 3,174 3,082 -92

Could only find part-time work

2,064 1,852 1,802 1,789 -13

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,611 20,723 20,700 21,020 320

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,713 1,595 1,534 1,475 -

Discouraged workers

538 460 455 355 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

43 50 174 138

Total private

17 59 173 147

Goods-producing

-44 17 19 16

Mining and logging

-9 6 9 6

Construction

-14 0 -1 11

Manufacturing

-21 11 11 -1

Durable goods(1)

-23 6 6 2

Motor vehicles and parts

-5.5 2.0 2.0 -1.5

Nondurable goods

2 5 5 -3

Private service-providing

61 42 154 131

Wholesale trade

-4.0 -3.0 6.0 -2.1

Retail trade

8.8 -39.5 -5.8 -6.1

Transportation and warehousing

6.4 3.9 -0.2 3.6

Utilities

-2.0 -0.5 -0.5 -1.3

Information

-42 -8 -15 -2

Financial activities

14 4 14 11

Professional and business services(1)

28 58 38 38

Temporary help services

-17.1 12.8 4.1 12.9

Education and health services(1)

49 16 50 47

Health care and social assistance

41.5 18.7 44.9 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

9 11 58 31

Other services

-7 0 9 12

Government

26 -9 1 -9

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

140 166 152 121

Total private

121 162 151 126

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private women employees

48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.3 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$25.59 $26.13 $26.18 $26.22

Average weekly earnings

$880.30 $896.26 $900.59 $901.97

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.1 106.3 106.8 106.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

128.5 132.8 133.7 134.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.7 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (261 industries)

47.7 55.4 61.3 54.8

Manufacturing (78 industries)

39.7 53.8 55.1 48.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 147,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 634,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,174 254,588 254,767 253,174 254,082 254,246 254,414 254,588 254,767

Civilian labor force

158,800 159,817 159,979 158,510 159,716 160,056 160,201 160,213 159,784

Participation rate

62.7 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.9 63.0 63.0 62.9 62.7

Employed

151,594 153,262 153,407 151,058 152,081 152,528 153,000 153,156 152,923

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.2 60.2 59.7 59.9 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.0

Unemployed

7,207 6,555 6,572 7,451 7,635 7,528 7,202 7,056 6,861

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.1 4.1 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

94,374 94,771 94,788 94,665 94,366 94,190 94,213 94,375 94,983

Persons who currently want a job

6,449 5,560 5,976 5,912 5,739 5,597 5,781 5,707 5,561

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,316 123,032 123,120 122,316 122,781 122,862 122,945 123,032 123,120

Civilian labor force

84,524 84,851 85,007 84,367 85,096 85,194 85,076 85,175 84,896

Participation rate

69.1 69.0 69.0 69.0 69.3 69.3 69.2 69.2 69.0

Employed

80,673 81,341 81,572 80,389 81,013 81,141 81,136 81,419 81,290

Employment-population ratio

66.0 66.1 66.3 65.7 66.0 66.0 66.0 66.2 66.0

Unemployed

3,851 3,509 3,436 3,979 4,083 4,053 3,940 3,755 3,606

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.1 4.0 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2

Not in labor force

37,792 38,181 38,113 37,948 37,685 37,668 37,870 37,857 38,224

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,844 114,538 114,627 113,844 114,297 114,375 114,455 114,538 114,627

Civilian labor force

81,637 82,019 82,130 81,420 82,113 82,138 82,046 82,091 81,942

Participation rate

71.7 71.6 71.6 71.5 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.5

Employed

78,241 78,922 79,126 77,926 78,503 78,573 78,556 78,838 78,801

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.9 69.0 68.4 68.7 68.7 68.6 68.8 68.7

Unemployed

3,396 3,096 3,004 3,493 3,609 3,564 3,491 3,253 3,141

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.8 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8

Not in labor force

32,208 32,519 32,497 32,425 32,184 32,237 32,409 32,447 32,685

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,858 131,556 131,647 130,858 131,301 131,384 131,469 131,556 131,647

Civilian labor force

74,276 74,967 74,972 74,142 74,621 74,862 75,126 75,038 74,887

Participation rate

56.8 57.0 56.9 56.7 56.8 57.0 57.1 57.0 56.9

Employed

70,921 71,921 71,835 70,670 71,069 71,388 71,863 71,737 71,633

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.7 54.6 54.0 54.1 54.3 54.7 54.5 54.4

Unemployed

3,356 3,046 3,136 3,473 3,552 3,475 3,262 3,301 3,255

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.1 4.2 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

56,582 56,590 56,675 56,716 56,681 56,521 56,343 56,518 56,759

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,622 123,296 123,386 122,622 123,052 123,131 123,212 123,296 123,386

Civilian labor force

71,366 72,181 72,085 71,226 71,686 72,011 72,160 72,136 71,988

Participation rate

58.2 58.5 58.4 58.1 58.3 58.5 58.6 58.5 58.3

Employed

68,496 69,474 69,340 68,218 68,550 68,932 69,271 69,213 69,105

Employment-population ratio

55.9 56.3 56.2 55.6 55.7 56.0 56.2 56.1 56.0

Unemployed

2,870 2,707 2,745 3,008 3,136 3,079 2,890 2,922 2,883

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0

Not in labor force

51,256 51,116 51,300 51,396 51,366 51,119 51,052 51,161 51,398

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,708 16,754 16,754 16,708 16,734 16,740 16,747 16,754 16,754

Civilian labor force

5,797 5,618 5,764 5,864 5,917 5,907 5,995 5,986 5,854

Participation rate

34.7 33.5 34.4 35.1 35.4 35.3 35.8 35.7 34.9

Employed

4,857 4,866 4,941 4,914 5,028 5,023 5,173 5,105 5,017

Employment-population ratio

29.1 29.0 29.5 29.4 30.0 30.0 30.9 30.5 29.9

Unemployed

940 752 823 950 890 884 822 881 837

Unemployment rate

16.2 13.4 14.3 16.2 15.0 15.0 13.7 14.7 14.3

Not in labor force

10,911 11,136 10,991 10,844 10,816 10,833 10,752 10,768 10,901

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

198,013 198,685 198,775 198,013 198,453 198,525 198,604 198,685 198,775

Civilian labor force

124,590 124,676 124,722 124,271 124,675 124,856 125,046 124,925 124,481

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.8 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6

Employed

119,686 120,214 120,375 119,198 119,311 119,740 120,180 120,142 119,896

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.5 60.6 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.5 60.5 60.3

Unemployed

4,904 4,462 4,346 5,074 5,364 5,116 4,866 4,783 4,585

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 3.5 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7

Not in labor force

73,423 74,009 74,053 73,742 73,778 73,669 73,557 73,760 74,294

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,104 65,263 65,380 64,935 65,345 65,362 65,219 65,306 65,217

Participation rate

72.0 71.9 72.0 71.8 72.1 72.0 71.9 71.9 71.8

Employed

62,777 63,103 63,293 62,498 62,730 62,877 62,850 63,053 62,999

Employment-population ratio

69.4 69.5 69.7 69.1 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.4 69.3

Unemployed

2,327 2,160 2,087 2,437 2,615 2,485 2,369 2,253 2,218

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.3 3.2 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,925 55,066 54,933 54,727 54,798 54,988 55,153 54,983 54,785

Participation rate

57.7 57.6 57.5 57.5 57.4 57.6 57.8 57.6 57.3

Employed

53,017 53,269 53,169 52,749 52,646 52,949 53,211 53,049 52,927

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.8 55.6 55.4 55.2 55.5 55.7 55.5 55.4

Unemployed

1,908 1,798 1,764 1,977 2,152 2,039 1,942 1,935 1,858

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,560 4,346 4,408 4,610 4,531 4,505 4,674 4,635 4,479

Participation rate

36.9 35.2 35.7 37.3 36.7 36.5 37.9 37.5 36.3

Employed

3,892 3,842 3,914 3,951 3,934 3,913 4,119 4,040 3,970

Employment-population ratio

31.5 31.1 31.7 32.0 31.9 31.7 33.4 32.7 32.2

Unemployed

668 504 495 659 597 592 555 595 508

Unemployment rate

14.7 11.6 11.2 14.3 13.2 13.1 11.9 12.8 11.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,828 32,161 32,193 31,828 32,063 32,095 32,128 32,161 32,193

Civilian labor force

19,424 20,046 20,082 19,433 19,993 19,998 20,002 20,110 20,075

Participation rate

61.0 62.3 62.4 61.1 62.4 62.3 62.3 62.5 62.4

Employed

17,865 18,577 18,593 17,844 18,445 18,378 18,409 18,514 18,560

Employment-population ratio

56.1 57.8 57.8 56.1 57.5 57.3 57.3 57.6 57.7

Unemployed

1,559 1,469 1,489 1,589 1,548 1,620 1,593 1,597 1,515

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.3 7.4 8.2 7.7 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.5

Not in labor force

12,403 12,116 12,111 12,394 12,070 12,097 12,126 12,051 12,118

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,926 9,135 9,103 8,893 9,106 9,081 9,132 9,169 9,063

Participation rate

67.4 68.1 67.8 67.1 68.1 67.8 68.1 68.3 67.5

Employed

8,248 8,505 8,511 8,224 8,437 8,369 8,384 8,496 8,475

Employment-population ratio

62.3 63.4 63.3 62.1 63.1 62.5 62.6 63.3 63.1

Unemployed

677 630 593 669 669 713 747 673 588

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.9 6.5 7.5 7.3 7.8 8.2 7.3 6.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,773 10,185 10,178 9,821 10,124 10,162 10,173 10,168 10,224

Participation rate

60.8 62.8 62.7 61.1 62.6 62.7 62.7 62.7 62.9

Employed

9,089 9,530 9,497 9,099 9,450 9,438 9,497 9,470 9,513

Employment-population ratio

56.6 58.7 58.5 56.6 58.4 58.3 58.6 58.4 58.6

Unemployed

684 655 681 721 673 724 676 698 712

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.4 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.1 6.6 6.9 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

726 726 801 720 764 754 697 773 787

Participation rate

28.9 28.9 31.9 28.7 30.4 30.0 27.7 30.8 31.3

Employed

528 542 586 521 558 571 528 547 572

Employment-population ratio

21.0 21.6 23.3 20.8 22.2 22.7 21.0 21.8 22.8

Unemployed

198 184 215 199 205 183 169 226 215

Unemployment rate

27.3 25.3 26.8 27.6 26.9 24.3 24.3 29.3 27.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,938 15,389 15,433 14,938 15,157 15,228 15,285 15,389 15,433

Civilian labor force

9,422 9,749 9,818 9,432 9,641 9,709 9,635 9,761 9,826

Participation rate

63.1 63.4 63.6 63.1 63.6 63.8 63.0 63.4 63.7

Employed

9,055 9,448 9,479 9,047 9,281 9,377 9,318 9,446 9,471

Employment-population ratio

60.6 61.4 61.4 60.6 61.2 61.6 61.0 61.4 61.4

Unemployed

367 301 339 385 360 332 317 316 356

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.1 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.6

Not in labor force

5,516 5,640 5,615 5,506 5,517 5,519 5,650 5,628 5,607

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,558 41,162 41,241 40,558 40,922 41,003 41,081 41,162 41,241

Civilian labor force

26,535 27,155 27,218 26,534 27,044 27,251 27,387 27,241 27,239

Participation rate

65.4 66.0 66.0 65.4 66.1 66.5 66.7 66.2 66.0

Employed

25,163 25,897 25,939 25,044 25,453 25,727 25,986 25,832 25,833

Employment-population ratio

62.0 62.9 62.9 61.7 62.2 62.7 63.3 62.8 62.6

Unemployed

1,372 1,258 1,279 1,490 1,590 1,523 1,402 1,410 1,405

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.6 4.7 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2

Not in labor force

14,023 14,007 14,024 14,023 13,879 13,753 13,694 13,921 14,003

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,616 14,890 14,932 14,612 14,898 14,938 14,957 14,927 14,936

Participation rate

79.9 80.3 80.4 79.9 80.9 80.9 80.9 80.5 80.4

Employed

14,016 14,331 14,357 13,959 14,187 14,253 14,291 14,297 14,304

Employment-population ratio

76.7 77.3 77.3 76.3 77.0 77.2 77.3 77.1 77.0

Unemployed

600 559 575 653 711 685 666 630 632

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.8 3.9 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,696 11,098 11,066 10,680 11,028 11,119 11,127 11,086 11,062

Participation rate

57.8 59.0 58.7 57.7 59.0 59.4 59.3 59.0 58.7

Employed

10,134 10,538 10,512 10,071 10,336 10,494 10,600 10,493 10,461

Employment-population ratio

54.8 56.1 55.8 54.4 55.3 56.0 56.5 55.8 55.5

Unemployed

562 561 554 609 692 625 527 593 601

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3 5.6 4.7 5.4 5.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,223 1,166 1,220 1,242 1,117 1,193 1,304 1,228 1,240

Participation rate

32.5 30.4 31.8 33.0 29.3 31.3 34.1 32.1 32.3

Employed

1,014 1,028 1,070 1,014 930 980 1,095 1,042 1,068

Employment-population ratio

26.9 26.8 27.9 26.9 24.4 25.7 28.6 27.2 27.8

Unemployed

209 138 150 228 187 214 209 186 172

Unemployment rate

17.1 11.9 12.3 18.4 16.7 17.9 16.0 15.2 13.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,786 10,249 10,620 10,488 10,533 10,229 10,139 10,041 10,299

Participation rate

45.9 45.6 46.5 44.6 45.3 46.1 45.1 44.7 45.1

Employed

10,064 9,594 10,038 9,734 9,725 9,424 9,450 9,385 9,671

Employment-population ratio

42.8 42.7 43.9 41.4 41.8 42.5 42.1 41.8 42.3

Unemployed

722 656 582 754 808 806 689 656 628

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.4 5.5 7.2 7.7 7.9 6.8 6.5 6.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,688 36,186 36,127 35,609 35,443 35,853 36,092 36,032 35,909

Participation rate

57.4 58.0 57.9 57.3 57.9 57.9 57.8 57.7 57.6

Employed

33,993 34,603 34,535 33,800 33,580 34,078 34,315 34,374 34,211

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.4 55.4 54.4 54.9 55.0 54.9 55.1 54.9

Unemployed

1,695 1,583 1,592 1,809 1,863 1,776 1,778 1,658 1,697

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 4.4 5.1 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,776 37,854 37,187 37,801 38,007 37,754 37,851 37,850 37,433

Participation rate

66.1 65.8 65.4 66.2 65.7 65.8 66.1 65.8 65.9

Employed

36,416 36,532 35,786 36,347 36,563 36,245 36,454 36,465 35,941

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.5 63.0 63.6 63.2 63.2 63.7 63.4 63.3

Unemployed

1,361 1,321 1,401 1,454 1,444 1,509 1,397 1,385 1,492

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.7 4.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

53,448 54,821 55,146 53,402 54,271 54,804 54,653 54,764 55,039

Participation rate

74.4 74.1 74.0 74.3 73.8 73.5 73.9 74.0 73.8

Employed

52,247 53,585 53,978 52,100 52,925 53,498 53,308 53,426 53,760

Employment-population ratio

72.7 72.4 72.4 72.5 72.0 71.8 72.0 72.2 72.1

Unemployed

1,201 1,236 1,168 1,303 1,346 1,306 1,345 1,338 1,278

Unemployment rate

2.2 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

20,937 20,593 18,924 18,565 2,013 2,028

Civilian labor force

10,561 10,036 9,327 8,868 1,234 1,169

Participation rate

50.4 48.7 49.3 47.8 61.3 57.6

Employed

10,198 9,697 9,016 8,573 1,183 1,123

Employment-population ratio

48.7 47.1 47.6 46.2 58.8 55.4

Unemployed

363 340 312 294 51 45

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 4.1 3.9

Not in labor force

10,376 10,557 9,597 9,697 779 859

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,905 4,156 3,195 3,397 711 759

Civilian labor force

3,133 3,300 2,634 2,760 500 540

Participation rate

80.2 79.4 82.4 81.3 70.3 71.1

Employed

3,008 3,149 2,529 2,628 480 521

Employment-population ratio

77.0 75.8 79.1 77.4 67.5 68.6

Unemployed

125 151 105 132 20 19

Unemployment rate

4.0 4.6 4.0 4.8 4.0 3.5

Not in labor force

772 856 561 637 211 220

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,320 3,279 2,836 2,811 483 468

Civilian labor force

2,665 2,560 2,279 2,218 386 343

Participation rate

80.3 78.1 80.4 78.9 79.8 73.2

Employed

2,600 2,494 2,224 2,171 376 323

Employment-population ratio

78.3 76.1 78.4 77.2 77.8 69.0

Unemployed

65 66 55 46 10 20

Unemployment rate

2.4 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.5 5.8

Not in labor force

655 719 557 594 98 125

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,540 8,106 8,234 7,813 306 293

Civilian labor force

2,150 1,828 2,084 1,783 67 45

Participation rate

25.2 22.5 25.3 22.8 21.8 15.3

Employed

2,085 1,766 2,025 1,721 59 45

Employment-population ratio

24.4 21.8 24.6 22.0 19.4 15.3

Unemployed

66 62 59 62 7 0

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.4 2.8 3.5 - -

Not in labor force

6,390 6,278 6,150 6,030 239 248

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,172 5,052 4,659 4,544 513 508

Civilian labor force

2,613 2,349 2,331 2,107 281 242

Participation rate

50.5 46.5 50.0 46.4 54.9 47.6

Employed

2,505 2,288 2,237 2,053 268 235

Employment-population ratio

48.4 45.3 48.0 45.2 52.2 46.3

Unemployed

107 61 94 54 14 7

Unemployment rate

4.1 2.6 4.0 2.6 4.9 2.7

Not in labor force

2,559 2,703 2,328 2,437 232 266

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

223,294 225,332 98,902 100,141 124,392 125,191

Civilian labor force

146,177 147,854 74,202 75,159 71,976 72,695

Participation rate

65.5 65.6 75.0 75.1 57.9 58.1

Employed

139,732 141,908 70,856 72,152 68,876 69,755

Employment-population ratio

62.6 63.0 71.6 72.1 55.4 55.7

Unemployed

6,445 5,946 3,345 3,007 3,100 2,939

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.0 4.5 4.0 4.3 4.0

Not in labor force

77,117 77,478 24,701 24,982 52,416 52,496

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,209 30,732 222,965 224,035

Civilian labor force

6,186 6,326 152,614 153,653

Participation rate

20.5 20.6 68.4 68.6

Employed

5,583 5,722 146,010 147,685

Employment-population ratio

18.5 18.6 65.5 65.9

Unemployed

603 604 6,604 5,968

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.5 4.3 3.9

Not in labor force

24,023 24,406 70,351 70,382

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,804 2,722 76,583 76,969

Participation rate

35.6 34.4 82.3 82.6

Employed

2,517 2,457 73,169 73,958

Employment-population ratio

32.0 31.0 78.6 79.4

Unemployed

287 265 3,414 3,011

Unemployment rate

10.2 9.7 4.5 3.9

Not in labor force

5,073 5,194 16,504 16,160

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,233 2,565 67,910 68,046

Participation rate

27.7 31.0 70.5 70.8

Employed

1,989 2,279 64,927 65,362

Employment-population ratio

24.7 27.5 67.4 68.0

Unemployed

245 286 2,983 2,684

Unemployment rate

11.0 11.2 4.4 3.9

Not in labor force

5,830 5,716 28,427 28,042

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,149 1,039 8,122 8,637

Participation rate

8.0 7.2 24.2 24.8

Employed

1,078 986 7,915 8,364

Employment-population ratio

7.6 6.8 23.6 24.0

Unemployed

71 53 207 273

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.1 2.5 3.2

Not in labor force

13,120 13,495 25,421 26,181

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,693 41,390 19,810 20,132 20,882 21,259

Civilian labor force

26,243 27,315 15,269 15,737 10,973 11,578

Participation rate

64.5 66.0 77.1 78.2 52.5 54.5

Employed

25,274 26,290 14,781 15,258 10,493 11,031

Employment-population ratio

62.1 63.5 74.6 75.8 50.3 51.9

Unemployed

969 1,025 489 479 480 547

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.8 3.2 3.0 4.4 4.7

Not in labor force

14,450 14,075 4,541 4,395 9,909 9,680

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,482 213,377 102,506 102,989 109,976 110,388

Civilian labor force

132,557 132,664 69,255 69,271 63,303 63,393

Participation rate

62.4 62.2 67.6 67.3 57.6 57.4

Employed

126,319 127,117 65,892 66,314 60,427 60,804

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.6 64.3 64.4 54.9 55.1

Unemployed

6,238 5,547 3,362 2,957 2,875 2,590

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.2 4.9 4.3 4.5 4.1

Not in labor force

79,925 80,713 33,251 33,718 46,674 46,995

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,620 2,587 2,564 2,567 2,418 2,458 2,499 2,646 2,507

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,695 1,663 1,676 1,668 1,633 1,603 1,647 1,730 1,645

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

899 900 865 864 795 841 853 879 833

Unpaid family workers

26 24 23 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

148,974 150,676 150,843 148,477 149,582 150,026 150,429 150,481 150,417

Wage and salary workers(1)

139,978 142,061 142,130 139,677 140,952 141,101 141,663 141,931 141,849

Government

20,889 20,901 21,015 20,615 20,796 20,843 20,858 20,683 20,772

Private industries

119,089 121,160 121,115 119,043 120,189 120,258 120,904 121,281 121,096

Private households

732 680 655 - - - - - -

Other industries

118,357 120,480 120,460 118,319 119,467 119,535 120,148 120,592 120,441

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,914 8,563 8,660 8,807 8,552 8,826 8,707 8,489 8,550

Unpaid family workers

82 53 53 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,238 5,058 5,038 6,409 5,840 5,704 5,553 5,272 5,219

Slack work or business conditions

3,721 3,059 2,921 3,879 3,583 3,574 3,402 3,174 3,082

Could only find part-time work

2,162 1,767 1,860 2,064 1,944 1,864 1,852 1,802 1,789

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,888 21,257 21,373 20,611 20,487 20,773 20,723 20,700 21,020

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,188 4,990 4,994 6,343 5,769 5,637 5,502 5,197 5,154

Slack work or business conditions

3,685 3,019 2,900 3,828 3,535 3,540 3,386 3,130 3,045

Could only find part-time work

2,156 1,750 1,853 2,059 1,947 1,853 1,842 1,781 1,776

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,492 20,849 21,060 20,215 20,136 20,445 20,396 20,349 20,677

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

151,594 153,262 153,407 151,058 152,081 152,528 153,000 153,156 152,923

16 to 19 years

4,857 4,866 4,941 4,914 5,028 5,023 5,173 5,105 5,017

16 to 17 years

1,663 1,699 1,802 1,739 1,813 1,779 1,904 1,884 1,888

18 to 19 years

3,194 3,167 3,138 3,185 3,219 3,252 3,269 3,244 3,145

20 years and over

146,737 148,396 148,466 146,144 147,054 147,505 147,826 148,051 147,906

20 to 24 years

14,018 14,082 14,130 14,072 14,070 14,181 14,198 14,247 14,177

25 years and over

132,719 134,314 134,337 131,996 132,956 133,252 133,639 133,741 133,647

25 to 54 years

98,203 98,920 98,867 97,795 98,190 98,371 98,557 98,649 98,481

25 to 34 years

33,707 34,455 34,291 33,549 34,136 34,247 34,460 34,413 34,160

35 to 44 years

31,693 31,833 31,929 31,579 31,553 31,614 31,592 31,745 31,794

45 to 54 years

32,803 32,633 32,647 32,668 32,502 32,511 32,506 32,491 32,527

55 years and over

34,516 35,394 35,469 34,201 34,765 34,880 35,081 35,092 35,166

Men, 16 years and over

80,673 81,341 81,572 80,389 81,013 81,141 81,136 81,419 81,290

16 to 19 years

2,432 2,419 2,446 2,462 2,509 2,567 2,581 2,581 2,489

16 to 17 years

801 853 846 831 871 895 947 957 884

18 to 19 years

1,631 1,566 1,600 1,634 1,641 1,677 1,636 1,631 1,614

20 years and over

78,241 78,922 79,126 77,926 78,503 78,573 78,556 78,838 78,801

20 to 24 years

7,205 7,214 7,344 7,214 7,302 7,223 7,241 7,293 7,335

25 years and over

71,036 71,708 71,782 70,654 71,202 71,299 71,315 71,532 71,422

25 to 54 years

52,657 52,800 52,874 52,439 52,705 52,687 52,640 52,770 52,678

25 to 34 years

18,224 18,415 18,426 18,142 18,472 18,408 18,445 18,426 18,362

35 to 44 years

17,127 17,234 17,247 17,057 17,048 17,072 17,086 17,217 17,169

45 to 54 years

17,306 17,151 17,201 17,240 17,185 17,206 17,108 17,127 17,147

55 years and over

18,379 18,908 18,909 18,215 18,497 18,612 18,675 18,762 18,743

Women, 16 years and over

70,921 71,921 71,835 70,670 71,069 71,388 71,863 71,737 71,633

16 to 19 years

2,424 2,447 2,495 2,452 2,518 2,456 2,593 2,524 2,528

16 to 17 years

862 846 956 907 942 884 956 927 1,004

18 to 19 years

1,563 1,601 1,538 1,551 1,578 1,574 1,633 1,614 1,531

20 years and over

68,496 69,474 69,340 68,218 68,550 68,932 69,271 69,213 69,105

20 to 24 years

6,813 6,868 6,786 6,858 6,767 6,957 6,958 6,954 6,842

25 years and over

61,683 62,606 62,555 61,342 61,754 61,953 62,324 62,209 62,226

25 to 54 years

45,546 46,120 45,994 45,356 45,485 45,685 45,918 45,879 45,803

25 to 34 years

15,483 16,039 15,865 15,407 15,664 15,838 16,014 15,987 15,798

35 to 44 years

14,566 14,599 14,682 14,521 14,505 14,541 14,505 14,528 14,624

45 to 54 years

15,498 15,481 15,447 15,428 15,317 15,305 15,398 15,364 15,380

55 years and over

16,137 16,486 16,561 15,986 16,269 16,268 16,406 16,330 16,423

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

45,215 46,135 45,968 45,007 45,593 46,017 45,907 46,029 45,784

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,279 36,079 36,275 35,183 35,402 35,640 35,992 35,918 36,121

Women who maintain families(2)

9,831 9,654 9,470 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

123,548 125,532 125,911 123,232 124,705 125,031 125,507 125,987 125,620

Part-time workers(4)

28,046 27,731 27,496 27,928 27,405 27,554 27,603 27,233 27,366

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,472 7,609 7,584 7,428 7,562 7,822 7,960 7,683 7,589

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.0 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,476 5,861 5,742 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,813 9,463 9,525 9,671 9,347 9,667 9,560 9,368 9,383

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,451 7,056 6,861 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

16 to 19 years

950 881 837 16.2 15.0 15.0 13.7 14.7 14.3

16 to 17 years

391 379 285 18.4 16.0 18.0 17.4 16.8 13.1

18 to 19 years

541 465 536 14.5 14.5 13.5 11.2 12.5 14.6

20 years and over

6,502 6,176 6,024 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9

20 to 24 years

1,268 1,118 1,014 8.3 8.3 8.0 7.3 7.3 6.7

25 years and over

5,245 5,041 5,022 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6

25 to 54 years

4,069 3,910 3,928 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.8

25 to 34 years

1,780 1,576 1,747 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.9

35 to 44 years

1,137 1,190 1,092 3.5 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.3

45 to 54 years

1,152 1,144 1,089 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2

55 years and over

1,184 1,160 1,121 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1

Men, 16 years and over

3,979 3,755 3,606 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2

16 to 19 years

485 502 465 16.5 15.9 16.0 14.8 16.3 15.7

16 to 17 years

196 181 140 19.1 17.2 17.7 17.7 15.9 13.7

18 to 19 years

280 295 315 14.6 15.1 15.3 12.8 15.3 16.4

20 years and over

3,493 3,253 3,141 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8

20 to 24 years

703 668 632 8.9 9.3 9.4 8.5 8.4 7.9

25 years and over

2,811 2,564 2,517 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.4

25 to 54 years

2,121 1,945 1,961 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.6

25 to 34 years

972 846 895 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.6

35 to 44 years

590 601 534 3.3 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0

45 to 54 years

560 499 531 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0

55 years and over

690 619 557 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9

Women, 16 years and over

3,473 3,301 3,255 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.3

16 to 19 years

464 379 372 15.9 14.2 13.9 12.6 13.1 12.8

16 to 17 years

195 198 145 17.7 14.8 18.3 17.0 17.6 12.6

18 to 19 years

260 169 221 14.4 13.8 11.6 9.6 9.5 12.6

20 years and over

3,008 2,922 2,883 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0

20 to 24 years

565 451 383 7.6 7.1 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.3

25 years and over

2,434 2,477 2,504 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.9

25 to 54 years

1,948 1,964 1,967 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1

25 to 34 years

808 730 852 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.2 4.4 5.1

35 to 44 years

547 589 557 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.7

45 to 54 years

593 645 558 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.0 3.5

55 years and over

522 548 583 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,225 1,136 1,082 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,035 1,021 945 2.9 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.5

Women who maintain families(2)

694 615 688 6.6 6.3 6.5 5.5 6.0 6.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,086 5,613 5,488 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2

Part-time workers(4)

1,342 1,425 1,366 4.6 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,322 3,369 3,017 3,578 3,713 3,709 3,519 3,538 3,327

On temporary layoff

645 794 575 836 1,062 979 953 934 814

Not on temporary layoff

2,677 2,576 2,442 2,742 2,651 2,730 2,567 2,604 2,513

Permanent job losers

1,955 1,795 1,699 1,985 1,981 2,042 1,819 1,806 1,741

Persons who completed temporary jobs

722 781 743 757 670 688 748 799 772

Job leavers

744 726 741 803 862 802 798 789 804

Reentrants

2,305 1,858 2,187 2,215 2,170 2,197 2,066 2,032 2,100

New entrants

835 602 628 865 813 773 790 712 656

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.1 51.4 45.9 48.0 49.1 49.6 49.1 50.0 48.3

On temporary layoff

9.0 12.1 8.7 11.2 14.0 13.1 13.3 13.2 11.8

Not on temporary layoff

37.1 39.3 37.2 36.7 35.1 36.5 35.8 36.8 36.5

Job leavers

10.3 11.1 11.3 10.8 11.4 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.7

Reentrants

32.0 28.4 33.3 29.7 28.7 29.4 28.8 28.7 30.5

New entrants

11.6 9.2 9.5 11.6 10.8 10.3 11.0 10.1 9.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.5 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

New entrants

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,243 1,953 2,106 2,197 2,468 2,566 2,334 2,335 2,154

5 to 14 weeks

1,850 1,735 1,592 2,251 2,089 2,138 2,109 2,135 1,960

15 weeks and over

3,113 2,868 2,874 3,068 3,043 2,858 2,802 2,734 2,820

15 to 26 weeks

1,219 1,206 1,213 1,174 1,192 1,057 1,115 1,108 1,157

27 weeks and over

1,894 1,662 1,661 1,893 1,850 1,801 1,687 1,626 1,663

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

27.8 25.7 25.7 26.7 25.1 25.1 25.3 24.1 24.7

Median duration, in weeks

11.4 12.1 11.3 10.6 10.2 10.0 10.3 10.2 10.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

31.1 29.8 32.0 29.2 32.5 33.9 32.2 32.4 31.1

5 to 14 weeks

25.7 26.5 24.2 30.0 27.5 28.3 29.1 29.6 28.3

15 weeks and over

43.2 43.7 43.7 40.8 40.0 37.8 38.7 38.0 40.7

15 to 26 weeks

16.9 18.4 18.5 15.6 15.7 14.0 15.4 15.4 16.7

27 weeks and over

26.3 25.4 25.3 25.2 24.4 23.8 23.3 22.6 24.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

151,594 153,407 7,207 6,572 4.5 4.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

59,613 61,174 1,305 1,208 2.1 1.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,907 25,319 606 463 2.4 1.8

Professional and related occupations

34,706 35,855 699 745 2.0 2.0

Service occupations

26,931 27,001 1,533 1,529 5.4 5.4

Sales and office occupations

33,235 33,015 1,541 1,394 4.4 4.1

Sales and related occupations

15,721 15,510 850 733 5.1 4.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,515 17,506 690 660 3.8 3.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,941 14,402 827 854 5.6 5.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,227 1,245 113 81 8.4 6.1

Construction and extraction occupations

7,964 8,235 519 562 6.1 6.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,750 4,921 196 211 4.0 4.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,873 17,815 1,154 944 6.1 5.0

Production occupations

8,725 8,670 569 416 6.1 4.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,148 9,144 584 527 6.0 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

7,207 6,572 4.5 4.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

5,473 5,074 4.4 4.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

96 20 11.1 2.5

Construction

461 502 5.2 5.3

Manufacturing

738 504 4.7 3.2

Durable goods

466 327 4.7 3.3

Nondurable goods

272 178 4.8 3.1

Wholesale and retail trade

981 916 5.0 4.7

Transportation and utilities

254 262 3.9 4.2

Information

134 123 5.2 4.7

Financial activities

178 232 1.8 2.3

Professional and business services

713 690 4.3 4.1

Education and health services

679 675 2.9 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

933 905 6.6 6.3

Other services

305 245 4.6 3.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

116 103 6.5 6.0

Government workers

452 471 2.1 2.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

330 297 3.2 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.5 4.1 4.1 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

4.9 4.4 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

5.6 5.0 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.4 8.1 8.1 9.7 9.4 9.2 8.9 8.6 8.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017
May
2016
May
2017

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

94,374 94,788 37,792 38,113 56,582 56,675

Persons who currently want a job

6,449 5,976 3,061 2,801 3,388 3,175

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,713 1,475 896 761 817 714

Discouraged workers(2)

538 355 339 191 199 163

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,175 1,121 557 570 617 551

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,472 7,584 3,677 3,831 3,796 3,752

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,052 4,136 2,237 2,295 1,815 1,840

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,140 2,067 725 715 1,415 1,352

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

256 301 176 217 80 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

970 1,029 507 580 462 449

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
Change from:
Apr.2017 - May2017(p)

Total nonfarm

144,525 144,940 145,938 146,748 143,869 145,823 145,997 146,135 138

Total private

121,987 122,249 123,221 124,109 121,682 123,511 123,684 123,831 147

Goods-producing

19,727 19,587 19,786 20,016 19,699 19,950 19,969 19,985 16

Mining and logging

667 680 689 700 674 691 700 706 6

Logging

49.9 48.6 48.2 49.1 51.6 50.5 51.0 50.7 -0.3

Mining

617.5 631.4 640.6 650.6 622.6 640.4 648.7 655.3 6.6

Oil and gas extraction

179.2 176.8 177.0 178.9 180.4 178.3 179.2 179.8 0.6

Mining, except oil and gas

181.1 179.8 185.4 184.8 178.9 183.9 185.0 183.1 -1.9

Coal mining

49.5 50.1 50.5 50.6 49.8 50.4 50.6 51.0 0.4

Metal ore mining

38.6 39.1 38.9 38.7 38.7 39.2 39.1 38.8 -0.3

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

93.0 90.6 96.0 95.5 90.3 94.3 95.3 93.3 -2.0

Support activities for mining

257.2 274.8 278.2 286.9 263.3 278.2 284.5 292.4 7.9

Construction

6,748 6,582 6,758 6,940 6,690 6,871 6,870 6,881 11

Construction of buildings

1,486.5 1,478.4 1,497.0 1,530.2 1,487.7 1,523.7 1,525.6 1,531.1 5.5

Residential building

731.0 738.7 749.3 765.9 730.5 765.8 764.8 766.8 2.0

Nonresidential building

755.5 739.7 747.7 764.3 757.2 757.9 760.8 764.3 3.5

Heavy and civil engineering construction

968.5 888.6 943.1 993.8 946.4 964.0 962.3 969.5 7.2

Specialty trade contractors

4,293.3 4,215.0 4,318.1 4,416.0 4,255.7 4,382.8 4,382.0 4,380.8 -1.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,869.2 1,842.9 1,895.1 1,952.0 1,846.2 1,923.7 1,925.1 1,930.2 5.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,424.1 2,372.1 2,423.0 2,464.0 2,409.5 2,459.1 2,456.9 2,450.6 -6.3

Manufacturing

12,312 12,325 12,339 12,376 12,335 12,388 12,399 12,398 -1

Durable goods

7,709 7,706 7,712 7,733 7,712 7,728 7,734 7,736 2

Wood products

391.9 392.0 393.4 394.1 391.1 396.2 395.6 393.2 -2.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

411.2 407.5 412.6 417.2 406.3 416.3 415.4 412.2 -3.2

Primary metals

377.9 379.0 380.6 383.9 378.7 379.6 381.9 384.8 2.9

Fabricated metal products

1,425.2 1,425.6 1,427.1 1,431.2 1,425.1 1,428.3 1,427.8 1,431.3 3.5

Machinery

1,072.9 1,079.8 1,081.8 1,084.9 1,076.7 1,080.5 1,084.4 1,088.1 3.7

Computer and electronic products

1,051.4 1,034.8 1,032.6 1,034.0 1,051.9 1,037.0 1,036.4 1,034.7 -1.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

164.9 160.5 160.5 161.9 164.8 161.5 161.5 161.9 0.4

Communications equipment

85.8 84.5 84.6 84.7 85.9 84.7 84.8 84.7 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.1 359.9 357.9 357.1 370.4 360.5 358.9 357.5 -1.4

Electronic instruments

395.3 396.3 396.2 397.1 395.5 396.7 397.6 397.2 -0.4

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.3 33.6 33.4 33.2 35.3 33.7 33.6 33.3 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

381.2 385.7 385.3 385.2 382.1 386.3 386.3 386.0 -0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,621.9 1,620.2 1,617.0 1,620.7 1,623.6 1,618.1 1,620.3 1,622.7 2.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

937.3 946.5 946.6 942.7 938.4 943.2 945.2 943.7 -1.5

Furniture and related products

387.0 391.1 391.6 392.2 387.2 392.3 392.9 392.6 -0.3

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

588.8 590.4 590.4 589.6 589.4 592.9 592.5 590.5 -2.0

Nondurable goods

4,603 4,619 4,627 4,643 4,623 4,660 4,665 4,662 -3

Food manufacturing

1,523.8 1,560.3 1,569.1 1,573.4 1,545.3 1,585.5 1,594.1 1,594.7 0.6

Textile mills

114.7 110.8 109.8 110.2 114.1 110.8 110.1 109.8 -0.3

Textile product mills

116.1 111.7 111.6 111.5 116.3 112.5 112.0 111.7 -0.3

Apparel

131.0 124.0 122.8 122.3 131.7 124.5 123.6 123.1 -0.5

Paper and paper products

371.9 368.7 369.8 370.2 372.2 370.3 370.8 370.3 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

448.5 439.2 437.9 436.3 448.2 439.7 438.1 436.1 -2.0

Petroleum and coal products

112.5 108.3 110.3 113.3 111.5 111.3 111.9 112.0 0.1

Chemicals

810.3 816.6 815.8 817.8 811.1 817.1 817.5 818.3 0.8

Plastics and rubber products

704.2 701.7 700.0 699.3 701.1 700.6 699.1 695.3 -3.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

269.6 278.0 279.7 288.4 271.6 287.2 287.3 290.6 3.3

Private service-providing

102,260 102,662 103,435 104,093 101,983 103,561 103,715 103,846 131

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,112 27,029 27,115 27,245 27,187 27,352 27,352 27,346 -6

Wholesale trade

5,866.6 5,876.0 5,897.6 5,915.2 5,857.0 5,902.6 5,908.6 5,906.5 -2.1

Durable goods

2,928.3 2,931.7 2,941.6 2,949.4 2,926.4 2,941.3 2,947.4 2,947.0 -0.4

Nondurable goods

2,040.8 2,044.7 2,056.5 2,067.2 2,034.5 2,059.5 2,060.9 2,061.5 0.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

897.5 899.6 899.5 898.6 896.1 901.8 900.3 898.0 -2.3

Retail trade

15,736.3 15,613.4 15,671.3 15,756.3 15,800.3 15,848.1 15,842.3 15,836.2 -6.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,983.1 1,999.1 2,011.3 2,020.4 1,975.1 2,009.6 2,012.3 2,013.4 1.1

Automobile dealers

1,277.6 1,297.4 1,300.0 1,304.8 1,277.0 1,301.7 1,302.9 1,304.7 1.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

154.2 149.9 156.6 162.5 148.8 154.2 155.8 156.8 1.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

551.3 551.8 554.7 553.1 549.3 553.7 553.6 552.0 -1.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

467.0 479.5 477.6 477.1 473.4 484.8 484.4 483.4 -1.0

Electronics and appliance stores

513.2 508.6 502.5 497.7 528.3 514.2 513.0 511.2 -1.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,343.5 1,285.5 1,329.3 1,356.7 1,269.2 1,286.7 1,281.9 1,283.5 1.6

Food and beverage stores

3,082.0 3,061.4 3,058.0 3,072.6 3,085.7 3,092.4 3,087.0 3,081.7 -5.3

Health and personal care stores

1,042.7 1,054.1 1,049.2 1,053.0 1,047.6 1,060.1 1,057.3 1,059.0 1.7

Gasoline stations

925.4 928.2 929.9 941.0 922.7 939.4 937.1 938.4 1.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,305.6 1,298.4 1,299.2 1,305.2 1,350.9 1,349.6 1,349.9 1,349.7 -0.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

603.8 583.2 583.6 586.8 622.1 603.5 604.2 605.3 1.1

General merchandise stores

3,113.7 3,058.3 3,063.1 3,057.2 3,160.0 3,116.4 3,120.6 3,114.4 -6.2

Department stores

1,266.0 1,240.5 1,239.1 1,232.9 1,303.0 1,277.9 1,276.8 1,273.1 -3.7

Other general merchandise stores

1,847.7 1,817.8 1,824.0 1,824.3 1,857.0 1,838.5 1,843.8 1,841.3 -2.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

835.3 809.8 819.4 837.2 831.4 834.2 834.8 833.5 -1.3

Nonstore retailers

521.0 547.3 548.2 551.4 533.9 557.2 559.8 562.7 2.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,955.0 4,985.8 4,992.9 5,020.5 4,975.7 5,046.6 5,046.4 5,050.0 3.6

Air transportation

478.4 481.6 483.4 488.4 476.8 483.9 484.5 486.5 2.0

Rail transportation

214.4 209.7 209.4 209.4 214.5 210.5 209.9 209.6 -0.3

Water transportation

66.7 62.6 64.2 64.8 66.2 64.4 64.6 64.4 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,448.5 1,448.8 1,460.3 1,471.1 1,450.4 1,475.6 1,473.9 1,473.8 -0.1

Transit and ground passenger transportation

501.7 484.5 479.8 490.4 483.7 470.4 466.9 471.4 4.5

Pipeline transportation

49.8 48.6 47.9 47.1 49.8 48.7 48.0 47.1 -0.9

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

36.8 27.5 31.4 38.8 34.3 35.5 35.9 36.0 0.1

Support activities for transportation

655.3 659.2 664.3 659.6 657.3 662.1 663.6 661.1 -2.5

Couriers and messengers

602.8 627.0 616.1 616.1 632.3 650.4 652.9 653.7 0.8

Warehousing and storage

900.6 936.3 936.1 934.8 910.4 945.1 946.2 946.4 0.2

Utilities

553.8 553.5 552.9 552.8 553.5 555.0 554.5 553.2 -1.3

Information

2,738 2,733 2,718 2,719 2,739 2,740 2,725 2,723 -2

Publishing industries, except Internet

725.4 725.2 721.4 721.8 729.7 727.8 725.0 726.0 1.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

418.4 405.0 410.4 409.7 412.1 407.3 408.8 406.3 -2.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

269.4 266.5 262.4 259.1 270.3 265.8 262.1 260.1 -2.0

Telecommunications

770.9 769.3 755.2 754.9 771.6 769.5 757.3 756.2 -1.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

298.4 299.0 300.5 302.7 297.9 300.7 301.1 302.1 1.0

Other information services

255.9 267.5 268.3 270.8 257.5 268.9 270.5 272.3 1.8

Financial activities

8,248 8,356 8,377 8,414 8,263 8,403 8,417 8,428 11

Finance and insurance

6,114.3 6,206.8 6,212.6 6,223.5 6,129.3 6,219.0 6,230.5 6,237.2 6.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.4 18.8 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.8 18.8 18.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,601.3 2,644.0 2,644.7 2,651.2 2,605.7 2,648.5 2,650.6 2,655.3 4.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,696.9 1,714.2 1,712.1 1,719.3 1,697.5 1,715.2 1,715.4 1,719.1 3.7

Commercial banking

1,307.3 1,315.2 1,313.9 1,319.3 1,309.3 1,316.4 1,316.6 1,320.2 3.6

Nondepository credit intermediation

605.7 621.1 621.3 620.6 608.4 622.8 623.6 623.9 0.3

Activities related to credit intermediation

298.7 308.7 311.3 311.3 299.8 310.6 311.7 312.3 0.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

923.9 932.1 934.1 934.6 928.9 936.8 938.5 938.7 0.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,570.7 2,611.9 2,615.1 2,619.0 2,576.1 2,614.9 2,622.6 2,624.4 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,134.0 2,149.2 2,164.6 2,190.2 2,133.2 2,184.3 2,186.0 2,190.4 4.4

Real estate

1,548.1 1,577.3 1,588.5 1,597.1 1,549.6 1,596.8 1,599.3 1,600.3 1.0

Rental and leasing services

562.5 548.9 553.1 569.9 560.2 564.2 563.4 566.9 3.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.4 23.0 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.3 23.3 23.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

20,027 20,337 20,556 20,648 20,022 20,568 20,606 20,644 38

Professional and technical services

8,776.9 9,120.0 9,159.2 9,054.7 8,833.8 9,078.0 9,101.1 9,112.0 10.9

Legal services

1,116.9 1,118.7 1,121.6 1,124.8 1,120.1 1,123.3 1,125.7 1,127.7 2.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

932.9 1,105.3 1,096.3 952.8 980.9 996.9 1,002.4 1,002.0 -0.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,403.1 1,429.0 1,435.8 1,446.9 1,403.2 1,446.3 1,446.4 1,446.8 0.4

Specialized design services

139.4 141.3 142.4 142.0 138.9 142.9 142.7 141.8 -0.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,978.7 2,027.6 2,040.2 2,043.4 1,980.9 2,044.7 2,045.9 2,045.7 -0.2

Management and technical consulting services

1,358.8 1,410.9 1,424.7 1,435.8 1,361.6 1,424.6 1,432.5 1,438.9 6.4

Scientific research and development services

680.1 697.0 697.4 702.5 678.5 699.8 699.6 701.4 1.8

Advertising and related services

489.5 487.0 489.8 488.5 490.5 490.0 492.2 489.3 -2.9

Other professional and technical services

677.5 703.2 711.0 718.0 679.2 709.5 713.6 718.4 4.8

Management of companies and enterprises

2,228.2 2,260.8 2,260.3 2,268.3 2,230.4 2,267.9 2,269.6 2,271.3 1.7

Administrative and waste services

9,022.3 8,956.5 9,136.3 9,325.3 8,958.2 9,221.6 9,235.6 9,260.8 25.2

Administrative and support services

8,619.7 8,548.8 8,726.0 8,909.6 8,556.1 8,806.6 8,820.9 8,845.3 24.4

Office administrative services

490.6 515.7 518.1 522.9 490.5 517.3 518.9 522.1 3.2

Facilities support services

141.4 139.5 141.3 141.8 140.7 139.2 140.9 141.3 0.4

Employment services(1)

3,518.9 3,547.7 3,586.2 3,672.3 3,525.5 3,661.6 3,666.2 3,680.4 14.2

Temporary help services

2,869.3 2,900.3 2,933.1 3,006.7 2,875.8 2,999.3 3,003.4 3,016.3 12.9

Business support services

896.7 912.4 906.3 899.0 907.7 915.2 913.3 911.6 -1.7

Travel arrangement and reservation services

218.3 215.2 214.9 215.8 216.6 216.2 214.6 214.3 -0.3

Investigation and security services

896.3 905.7 906.2 911.1 898.8 912.7 912.0 913.9 1.9

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,144.9 1,992.7 2,131.3 2,222.9 2,065.1 2,123.6 2,133.3 2,139.7 6.4

Other support services

312.6 319.9 321.7 323.8 311.2 320.8 321.9 322.0 0.1

Waste management and remediation services

402.6 407.7 410.3 415.7 402.1 415.0 414.7 415.5 0.8

Education and health services

22,617 23,115 23,187 23,145 22,544 22,972 23,022 23,069 47

Educational services

3,604.8 3,788.2 3,800.2 3,697.3 3,557.1 3,624.9 3,630.1 3,644.8 14.7

Health care and social assistance

19,012.4 19,326.6 19,386.4 19,447.7 18,987.2 19,346.7 19,391.6 19,423.9 32.3

Health care(3)

15,361.1 15,615.8 15,648.5 15,687.6 15,373.4 15,653.6 15,678.2 15,702.5 24.3

Ambulatory health care services

7,054.7 7,212.9 7,243.5 7,266.7 7,053.3 7,233.5 7,253.2 7,265.8 12.6

Offices of physicians

2,513.9 2,562.4 2,570.3 2,574.6 2,517.3 2,567.1 2,575.3 2,578.5 3.2

Offices of dentists

924.3 937.5 938.4 943.5 924.2 942.0 941.2 943.6 2.4

Offices of other health practitioners

855.2 888.1 893.0 900.3 852.9 891.8 894.4 897.9 3.5

Outpatient care centers

849.8 897.0 897.7 898.3 849.7 896.9 897.2 897.9 0.7

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

262.6 257.9 258.1 257.3 262.8 258.4 258.0 258.1 0.1

Home health care services

1,362.7 1,382.6 1,393.6 1,400.4 1,359.4 1,388.5 1,394.8 1,397.3 2.5

Other ambulatory health care services

286.2 287.4 292.4 292.3 287.0 288.9 292.3 292.6 0.3

Hospitals

4,998.2 5,090.3 5,085.2 5,092.0 5,008.9 5,093.3 5,097.0 5,104.4 7.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,308.2 3,312.6 3,319.8 3,328.9 3,311.2 3,326.8 3,328.0 3,332.3 4.3

Nursing care facilities

1,640.9 1,633.8 1,635.7 1,635.8 1,643.9 1,642.4 1,640.6 1,639.7 -0.9

Residential mental health facilities

614.2 618.1 619.8 623.8 614.6 619.4 620.7 623.6 2.9

Community care facilities for the elderly

889.6 897.6 899.2 904.6 888.9 900.4 901.2 903.8 2.6

Other residential care facilities

163.5 163.1 165.1 164.7 163.9 164.6 165.4 165.2 -0.2

Social assistance

3,651.3 3,710.8 3,737.9 3,760.1 3,613.8 3,693.1 3,713.4 3,721.4 8.0

Individual and family services

2,223.5 2,278.9 2,297.8 2,310.1 2,210.7 2,276.7 2,293.2 2,298.0 4.8

Emergency and other relief services

160.5 169.0 168.7 169.5 160.7 168.7 167.9 169.6 1.7

Vocational rehabilitation services

338.8 331.8 336.3 335.0 338.3 334.9 337.2 334.6 -2.6

Child day care services

928.5 931.1 935.1 945.5 904.0 912.7 915.1 919.1 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

15,824 15,398 15,750 16,150 15,561 15,803 15,861 15,892 31

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,302.7 2,067.0 2,204.7 2,346.3 2,213.8 2,236.6 2,260.9 2,258.7 -2.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

472.6 424.3 468.2 483.5 446.9 444.1 454.8 456.2 1.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

165.9 153.2 160.9 172.5 160.0 162.6 164.5 165.9 1.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,664.2 1,489.5 1,575.6 1,690.3 1,606.9 1,629.9 1,641.6 1,636.6 -5.0

Accommodation and food services

13,521.1 13,330.7 13,545.7 13,804.1 13,346.7 13,566.8 13,599.9 13,632.9 33.0

Accommodation

1,943.1 1,883.1 1,909.3 1,961.0 1,941.8 1,951.4 1,958.2 1,960.9 2.7

Food services and drinking places

11,578.0 11,447.6 11,636.4 11,843.1 11,404.9 11,615.4 11,641.7 11,672.0 30.3

Other services

5,694 5,694 5,732 5,772 5,667 5,723 5,732 5,744 12

Repair and maintenance

1,295.9 1,293.3 1,298.2 1,302.7 1,286.5 1,293.1 1,292.8 1,293.6 0.8

Personal and laundry services

1,452.3 1,458.7 1,480.2 1,494.5 1,439.3 1,469.6 1,476.8 1,480.8 4.0

Membership associations and organizations

2,945.9 2,942.3 2,953.1 2,974.4 2,941.5 2,960.2 2,962.3 2,969.7 7.4

Government

22,538 22,691 22,717 22,639 22,187 22,312 22,313 22,304 -9

Federal

2,790.0 2,796.0 2,799.0 2,812.0 2,791.0 2,813.0 2,807.0 2,815.0 8.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,182.8 2,179.9 2,184.7 2,195.6 2,182.0 2,196.0 2,195.6 2,196.8 1.2

U.S. Postal Service

607.3 615.6 614.1 616.7 608.8 616.9 611.4 618.4 7.0

State government

5,096.0 5,250.0 5,262.0 5,100.0 5,079.0 5,094.0 5,093.0 5,085.0 -8.0

State government education

2,414.6 2,578.2 2,588.8 2,429.9 2,403.8 2,417.9 2,420.2 2,418.8 -1.4

State government, excluding education

2,681.4 2,671.9 2,672.8 2,670.1 2,674.9 2,676.1 2,672.8 2,665.7 -7.1

Local government

14,652.0 14,645.0 14,656.0 14,727.0 14,317.0 14,405.0 14,413.0 14,404.0 -9.0

Local government education

8,248.9 8,300.7 8,277.1 8,280.7 7,913.9 7,956.8 7,960.1 7,954.3 -5.8

Local government, excluding education

6,403.5 6,344.1 6,378.7 6,446.4 6,403.4 6,447.8 6,453.0 6,449.7 -3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.3 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.3 40.1 40.3 40.3

Mining and logging

43.1 44.7 45.0 44.9

Construction

39.1 38.7 39.2 39.2

Manufacturing

40.7 40.6 40.7 40.7

Durable goods

41.2 41.1 41.1 41.2

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.7 40.0 39.9

Private service-providing

33.2 33.2 33.3 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.3 34.5 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 39.0 39.0

Retail trade

31.0 30.9 31.2 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.5 38.7 38.7

Utilities

42.2 42.3 42.0 42.0

Information

36.0 36.3 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

37.4 37.3 37.5 37.4

Professional and business services

36.1 36.0 36.0 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.0 26.1 26.0

Other services

31.9 31.9 31.9 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

Total private

$25.59 $26.13 $26.18 $26.22 $880.30 $896.26 $900.59 $901.97

Goods-producing

26.90 27.35 27.48 27.46 1,084.07 1,096.74 1,107.44 1,106.64

Mining and logging

32.33 32.60 32.62 32.79 1,393.42 1,457.22 1,467.90 1,472.27

Construction

28.06 28.56 28.55 28.68 1,097.15 1,105.27 1,119.16 1,124.26

Manufacturing

25.99 26.39 26.59 26.47 1,057.79 1,071.43 1,082.21 1,077.33

Durable goods

27.31 27.64 27.85 27.70 1,125.17 1,136.00 1,144.64 1,141.24

Nondurable goods

23.71 24.24 24.45 24.35 946.03 962.33 978.00 971.57

Private service-providing

25.28 25.84 25.88 25.93 839.30 857.89 861.80 860.88

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.26 22.64 22.65 22.75 763.52 776.55 781.43 782.60

Wholesale trade

29.46 29.94 29.97 30.04 1,143.05 1,164.67 1,168.83 1,171.56

Retail trade

17.85 18.03 18.05 18.12 553.35 557.13 563.16 561.72

Transportation and warehousing

23.06 23.69 23.68 23.84 894.73 912.07 916.42 922.61

Utilities

38.24 38.88 39.30 38.98 1,613.73 1,644.62 1,650.60 1,637.16

Information

36.56 37.56 37.96 38.14 1,316.16 1,363.43 1,377.95 1,384.48

Financial activities

32.15 32.74 32.87 32.96 1,202.41 1,221.20 1,232.63 1,232.70

Professional and business services

30.75 31.57 31.54 31.49 1,110.08 1,136.52 1,135.44 1,133.64

Education and health services

25.70 26.08 26.16 26.19 842.96 858.03 860.66 861.65

Leisure and hospitality

14.81 15.32 15.36 15.43 386.54 398.32 400.90 401.18

Other services

22.96 23.50 23.57 23.58 732.42 749.65 751.88 749.84

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2017 - May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2017 - May
2017(p)

Total private

105.1 106.3 106.8 106.9 0.1 128.5 132.8 133.7 134.0 0.2

Goods-producing

90.4 91.1 91.7 91.8 0.1 110.0 112.7 113.9 113.9 0.0

Mining and logging

91.3 97.1 99.0 99.6 0.6 118.5 127.0 129.6 131.1 1.2

Construction

90.2 91.7 92.8 93.0 0.2 109.9 113.7 115.2 115.9 0.6

Manufacturing

90.3 90.5 90.8 90.8 0.0 109.2 111.0 112.3 111.7 -0.5

Durable goods

89.5 89.4 89.5 89.7 0.2 108.5 109.8 110.7 110.4 -0.3

Nondurable goods

92.1 92.3 93.1 92.8 -0.3 110.7 113.6 115.5 114.7 -0.7

Private service-providing

108.9 110.6 111.1 110.9 -0.2 133.8 138.9 139.7 139.8 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.4 102.0 102.6 102.3 -0.3 121.5 124.3 125.1 125.3 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.2 100.2 100.5 100.5 0.0 121.9 125.2 125.7 126.0 0.2

Retail trade

99.5 99.5 100.4 99.7 -0.7 117.4 118.6 119.8 119.5 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

110.5 111.2 111.8 111.9 0.1 129.3 133.7 134.3 135.3 0.7

Utilities

101.1 101.6 100.8 100.5 -0.3 127.7 130.5 130.8 129.5 -1.0

Information

90.1 90.8 90.3 90.3 0.0 117.2 121.5 122.1 122.6 0.4

Financial activities

101.2 102.7 103.4 103.2 -0.2 126.9 131.1 132.5 132.7 0.2

Professional and business services

113.7 116.5 116.7 116.9 0.2 141.6 149.0 149.1 149.1 0.0

Education and health services

120.7 123.4 123.7 123.9 0.2 149.3 154.8 155.6 156.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

115.9 117.2 118.1 117.9 -0.2 138.5 144.9 146.4 146.8 0.3

Other services

104.2 105.3 105.4 105.3 -0.1 131.2 135.6 136.2 136.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

Total nonfarm

71,255 72,228 72,283 72,345 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private

58,543 59,424 59,472 59,533 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1

Goods-producing

4,310 4,364 4,375 4,380 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

101 100 101 101 15.0 14.5 14.4 14.3

Construction

835 859 865 869 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,374 3,405 3,409 3,410 27.4 27.5 27.5 27.5

Durable goods

1,803 1,807 1,807 1,805 23.4 23.4 23.4 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,571 1,598 1,602 1,605 34.0 34.3 34.3 34.4

Private service-providing

54,233 55,060 55,097 55,153 53.2 53.2 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,056 11,019 11,002 10,985 40.7 40.3 40.2 40.2

Wholesale trade

1,733.7 1,741.3 1,740.9 1,741.3 29.6 29.5 29.5 29.5

Retail trade

7,978.4 7,925.9 7,912.1 7,898.2 50.5 50.0 49.9 49.9

Transportation and warehousing

1,213.0 1,224.0 1,221.3 1,218.0 24.4 24.3 24.2 24.1

Utilities

130.6 127.3 127.5 127.3 23.6 22.9 23.0 23.0

Information

1,093 1,092 1,090 1,087 39.9 39.9 40.0 39.9

Financial activities

4,706 4,757 4,759 4,758 57.0 56.6 56.5 56.5

Professional and business services

8,966 9,247 9,249 9,273 44.8 45.0 44.9 44.9

Education and health services

17,370 17,707 17,737 17,774 77.0 77.1 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

8,069 8,219 8,235 8,246 51.9 52.0 51.9 51.9

Other services

2,973 3,019 3,025 3,030 52.5 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,712 12,804 12,811 12,812 57.3 57.4 57.4 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

Total private

100,140 101,826 101,921 101,987

Goods-producing

14,180 14,369 14,374 14,378

Mining and logging

474 488 497 503

Construction

5,051 5,186 5,171 5,165

Manufacturing

8,655 8,695 8,706 8,710

Durable goods

5,302 5,314 5,314 5,318

Nondurable goods

3,353 3,381 3,392 3,392

Private service-providing

85,960 87,457 87,547 87,609

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,843 23,017 23,019 23,010

Wholesale trade

4,684.7 4,726.8 4,732.2 4,731.2

Retail trade

13,415.0 13,462.2 13,455.8 13,448.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,300.5 4,380.2 4,384.5 4,385.1

Utilities

443.0 447.4 446.5 445.1

Information

2,204 2,207 2,199 2,194

Financial activities

6,405 6,531 6,538 6,544

Professional and business services

16,370 16,845 16,856 16,870

Education and health services

19,763 20,177 20,217 20,258

Leisure and hospitality

13,675 13,937 13,968 13,974

Other services

4,700 4,743 4,750 4,759

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.6 33.7 33.6

Goods-producing

41.2 41.0 41.3 41.2

Mining and logging

45.0 45.8 46.0 45.7

Construction

39.6 39.3 39.9 39.9

Manufacturing

41.9 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.3 42.2 42.2 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.0 41.2 41.1

Private service-providing

32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.6 33.8 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

29.7 30.1 30.3 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.0 38.3 38.3

Utilities

42.1 42.6 42.5 42.3

Information

35.6 35.8 35.9 35.9

Financial activities

36.9 36.9 36.9 37.0

Professional and business services

35.4 35.3 35.4 35.3

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.8 24.8 24.7

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.8 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)

Total private

$21.48 $21.90 $21.97 $22.00 $721.73 $735.84 $740.39 $739.20

Goods-producing

22.52 22.94 22.98 23.03 927.82 940.54 949.07 948.84

Mining and logging

27.12 27.73 27.55 27.31 1,220.40 1,270.03 1,267.30 1,248.07

Construction

25.86 26.40 26.37 26.50 1,024.06 1,037.52 1,052.16 1,057.35

Manufacturing

20.41 20.70 20.77 20.79 855.18 865.26 868.19 869.02

Durable goods

21.48 21.66 21.71 21.75 908.60 914.05 916.16 917.85

Nondurable goods

18.68 19.14 19.27 19.25 767.75 784.74 793.92 791.18

Private service-providing

21.26 21.69 21.75 21.79 686.70 702.76 704.70 706.00

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.95 19.22 19.26 19.30 634.83 645.79 650.99 650.41

Wholesale trade

24.19 24.55 24.67 24.69 931.32 952.54 957.20 957.97

Retail trade

15.03 15.20 15.23 15.24 446.39 457.52 461.47 460.25

Transportation and warehousing

20.84 21.17 21.23 21.34 810.68 804.46 813.11 817.32

Utilities

35.03 36.30 36.23 36.28 1,474.76 1,546.38 1,539.78 1,534.64

Information

29.91 30.47 30.54 30.64 1,064.80 1,090.83 1,096.39 1,099.98

Financial activities

26.04 26.36 26.45 26.48 960.88 972.68 976.01 979.76

Professional and business services

25.34 25.92 26.01 26.02 897.04 914.98 920.75 918.51

Education and health services

22.45 22.88 22.96 22.98 722.89 736.74 737.02 737.66

Leisure and hospitality

12.80 13.24 13.30 13.35 318.72 328.35 329.84 329.75

Other services

19.31 19.73 19.80 19.79 594.75 605.71 609.84 607.55

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2017 - May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
May
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2017 - May
2017(p)

Total private

112.1 114.0 114.4 114.2 -0.2 160.9 166.8 168.0 167.9 -0.1

Goods-producing

89.3 90.0 90.7 90.5 -0.2 123.1 126.5 127.7 127.7 0.0

Mining and logging

113.3 118.8 121.5 122.2 0.6 178.8 191.5 194.7 194.0 -0.4

Construction

100.1 102.0 103.3 103.2 -0.1 139.8 145.5 147.1 147.7 0.4

Manufacturing

83.2 83.4 83.5 83.6 0.1 111.1 112.9 113.5 113.6 0.1

Durable goods

84.3 84.3 84.3 84.3 0.0 113.0 114.0 114.2 114.5 0.3

Nondurable goods

81.2 81.7 82.3 82.1 -0.2 107.2 110.5 112.1 111.7 -0.4

Private service-providing

118.2 120.7 120.8 120.9 0.1 172.4 179.5 180.2 180.6 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.7 107.8 108.5 108.1 -0.4 144.2 147.8 149.0 148.8 -0.1

Wholesale trade

106.2 108.0 108.1 108.1 0.0 151.4 156.2 157.1 157.2 0.1

Retail trade

100.9 102.6 103.2 102.8 -0.4 129.9 133.6 134.7 134.3 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

125.9 125.3 126.4 126.4 0.0 166.5 168.3 170.2 171.1 0.5

Utilities

95.4 97.5 97.0 96.3 -0.7 139.5 147.7 146.8 145.8 -0.7

Information

89.6 90.2 90.1 89.9 -0.2 132.6 136.0 136.2 136.4 0.1

Financial activities

111.3 113.5 113.6 114.0 0.4 178.2 184.0 184.8 185.7 0.5

Professional and business services

129.9 133.3 133.7 133.5 -0.1 195.8 205.6 207.0 206.7 -0.1

Education and health services

135.7 138.5 138.4 138.6 0.1 201.1 209.2 209.7 210.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

124.7 126.6 126.9 126.4 -0.4 181.3 190.4 191.6 191.7 0.1

Other services

101.5 102.1 102.6 102.5 -0.1 142.8 146.8 148.0 147.7 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: June 02, 2017