Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-17-0141
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 3, 2017

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2017


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 227,000 in January, and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 4.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Job gains occurred in retail trade, construction, and financial activities. 

    _____________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                     |
   |             Changes to The Employment Situation Data                |
   |                                                                     |
   |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the annual|
   |benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors |
   |using an improved methodology to select models. Also, household      |
   |survey data for January 2017 reflect updated population estimates.   |
   |See the notes at the end of this news release for more information   |
   |about these changes.                                                 |
   |_____________________________________________________________________|


Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 7.6 million, and the unemployment rate, at
4.8 percent, were little changed in January. (See table A-1. For information about
annual population adjustments to the household survey estimates, see the notes at
the end of this news release and tables B and C.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians (3.7 percent) increased
in January. The jobless rates for adult men (4.4 percent), adult women (4.4 percent),
teenagers (15.0 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), Blacks (7.7 percent), and Hispanics 
(5.9 percent) showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
was essentially unchanged at 1.9 million and accounted for 24.4 percent of the
unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 244,000.
(See table A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls, the civilian
labor force increased by 584,000 in January, and the labor force participation rate
rose by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent. Total employment, as measured by the
household survey, was up by 457,000 over the month, and the employment-population
ratio edged up to 59.9 percent. (See table A-1. For additional information about the
effects of the population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in January at 5.8 million. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time
jobs. (See table A-8.)

In January, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
337,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 532,000 discouraged workers in January, little
changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in
January had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 227,000 in January. Employment increased in
retail trade, construction, and financial activities. (See table B-1. For information
about the annual benchmark process, see the notes at the end of this news release and
table A.)

Retail trade employment increased by 46,000 over the month and by 229,000 over the
year. Three industries added jobs in January--clothing and clothing accessories
stores (+18,000), electronics and appliance stores (+8,000), and furniture and home
furnishings stores (+6,000).

Employment in construction rose by 36,000 in January, following little change in
December. Residential building added 9,000 jobs over the month, and employment
continued to trend up among residential specialty trade contractors (+11,000). Over
the past 12 months, construction has added 170,000 jobs.

Financial activities added 32,000 jobs in January, with gains in real estate (+10,000),
insurance carriers and related activities (+9,000), and credit intermediation and
related activities (+9,000). Financial activities added an average of 15,000 jobs per
month in 2016.

In January, employment in professional and technical services rose by 23,000, about in
line with the average monthly gain in 2016. Over the month, job gains occurred in
computer systems design and related services (+13,000).

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in January
(+30,000). This industry added 286,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Employment in health care also continued to trend up in January (+18,000), following a
gain of 41,000 in December. The industry has added 374,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, manufacturing,
wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, information, and government, showed
little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.4 hours in January. In manufacturing, the workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.8
hours, while overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.6 hours
for the sixth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 3 cents to $26.00, following a 6-cent increase in December. Over the year, average
hourly earnings have risen by 2.5 percent. In January, average hourly earnings of
private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to $21.84.
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised down from
+204,000 to +164,000, and the change for December was revised up from +156,000 to
+157,000. With these revisions, employment gains in November and December combined
were 39,000 lower than previously reported. Monthly revisions result from additional
reports received from businesses since the last published estimates and from the
recalculation of seasonal factors. The annual benchmark process also contributed to
the November and December revisions. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged
183,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 10, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


                          Revisions to Establishment Survey Data

In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released today have
been benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs for March 2016. These
counts are derived principally from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW),
which counts jobs covered by the Unemployment Insurance (UI) tax system. The benchmark
process results in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2015 forward. 
Seasonally adjusted data from January 2012 forward are subject to revision. In addition,
data for some series prior to 2012, both seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, incorporate
other revisions.

The total nonfarm employment level for March 2016 was revised downward by 60,000
(-81,000 on a not seasonally adjusted basis, or -0.1 percent). On a not seasonally
adjusted basis, the absolute average benchmark revision over the past 10 years is
0.3 percent.

The effect of these revisions on the underlying trend in nonfarm payroll employment
was minor. For example, the over-the-year change in total nonfarm employment for 2016
was revised from 2,157,000 to 2,242,000 (seasonally adjusted). Table A presents
revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjusted basis from January to
December 2016.

All revised historical establishment survey data are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/ces/data.htm. In addition, an article that discusses the benchmark
and post-benchmark revisions and other technical issues is available at
www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.


Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2016, seasonally
adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
________________________________________________________________________________________
                  |                                    |                                
                  |                Level               |      Over-the-month change     
                  |---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Year and month  |    As     |           |            |    As    |         |           
                  |previously |    As     | Difference |previously|   As    | Difference
                  |published  |  revised  |            |published | revised |           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  |           |           |            |          |         |           
          2016    |           |           |            |          |         |           
                  |           |           |            |          |         |           
 January..........|  143,314  |  143,211  |    -103    |    168   |    126  |     -42   
 February.........|  143,547  |  143,448  |     -99    |    233   |    237  |       4   
 March............|  143,733  |  143,673  |     -60    |    186   |    225  |      39   
 April............|  143,877  |  143,826  |     -51    |    144   |    153  |       9   
 May..............|  143,901  |  143,869  |     -32    |     24   |     43  |      19   
 June.............|  144,172  |  144,166  |      -6    |    271   |    297  |      26   
 July.............|  144,424  |  144,457  |      33    |    252   |    291  |      39   
 August...........|  144,600  |  144,633  |      33    |    176   |    176  |       0   
 September........|  144,808  |  144,882  |      74    |    208   |    249  |      41   
 October..........|  144,943  |  145,006  |      63    |    135   |    124  |     -11   
 November.........|  145,147  |  145,170  |      23    |    204   |    164  |     -40   
 December (p).....|  145,303  |  145,327  |      24    |    156   |    157  |       1   
________________________________________________________________________________________

    p = preliminary.


                Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2017, updated population estimates were incorported into
the household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the
U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new
information and assumptions about the growth of the population since the previous
decennial census. The change in population reflected in the new estimates results from
adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics, and estimation
methodology improvements.

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey
estimates for December 2016 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population
adjustments, however, differences in selected December 2016 labor force series based on
the old and new population estimates are shown in table B.

The adjustments decreased the estimated size of December's civilian noninstitutional
population by 831,000, the civilian labor force by 508,000, employment by 487,000, and
unemployment by 21,000. The number of persons not in the labor force was lowered
by 323,000. The unemployment rate, employment-population ratio, and labor force
participation rate were unaffected.

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments can affect the
comparability of household data series over time. Table C shows the effect of the
introduction of new population estimates on the comparison of selected labor force
measures between December 2016 and January 2017. Additional information on the
population adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates is
available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cps-pop-control-adjustments.pdf.


Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2016 estimates by sex,
race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
______________________________________________________________________________________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |      |           
                              |      |     |      |       |  Black |      |           
                              |      |     |      |       |    or  |      |  Hispanic 
            Category          |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian| or Latino 
                              |      |     |      |       |American|      | ethnicity 
                              |      |     |      |       |        |      |           
______________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|______|___________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |      |           
  Civilian noninstitutional   |      |     |      |       |        |      |           
   population.................| -831 |-403 | -428 | -469  |  -76   | -258 |    -352   
    Civilian labor force......| -508 |-272 | -236 | -277  |  -44   | -168 |    -244   
      Participation rate......|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.0  |  0.0   |  0.0 |     0.0   
     Employed.................| -487 |-260 | -227 | -264  |  -41   | -164 |    -230   
      Employment-population   |      |     |      |       |        |      |           
       ratio..................|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.0  |  0.0   | -0.1 |     0.0   
     Unemployed...............|  -21 | -12 |   -9 |  -13  |   -3   |   -4 |     -14   
      Unemployment rate.......|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.0  |  0.0   |  0.0 |     0.0   
    Not in labor force........| -323 |-131 | -192 | -192  |  -34   |  -90 |    -109   
______________________________________________________________________________________

   NOTE:  Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above
race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because
data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic
or Latino may be of any race.


Table C. December 2016-January 2017 changes in selected labor force measures,
with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)
______________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2017    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |   after     
                Category               |    as     |   control  | removing the
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect (1) 
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|   -660    |   -831     |      171    
    Civilian labor force...............|     76    |   -508     |      584    
      Participation rate...............|    0.2    |    0.0     |      0.2    
     Employed..........................|    -30    |   -487     |      457    
      Employment-population ratio......|    0.2    |    0.0     |      0.2    
     Unemployed........................|    106    |    -21     |      127    
      Unemployment rate................|    0.1    |    0.0     |      0.1    
    Not in labor force.................|   -736    |   -323     |     -413    
______________________________________________________________________________
                                                                              
   1 This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
adjusted estimates.
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Change from:
Dec.
2016-
Jan.
2017

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

252,397 254,540 254,742 254,082 -

Civilian labor force

158,362 159,456 159,640 159,716 -

Participation rate

62.7 62.6 62.7 62.9 -

Employed

150,533 152,048 152,111 152,081 -

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.7 59.7 59.9 -

Unemployed

7,829 7,409 7,529 7,635 -

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.6 4.7 4.8 -

Not in labor force

94,036 95,084 95,102 94,366 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.9 4.6 4.7 4.8 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.5 4.3 4.4 4.4 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.6 4.2 4.3 4.4 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

16.0 15.2 14.7 15.0 -

White

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 -

Black or African American

8.8 8.0 7.8 7.7 -

Asian

3.7 3.0 2.6 3.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.9 5.7 5.9 5.9 -

Total, 25 years and over

4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 -

Less than a high school diploma

7.4 7.9 7.9 7.7 -

High school graduates, no college

5.3 4.9 5.1 5.3 -

Some college or associate degree

4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,686 3,542 3,639 3,713 -

Job leavers

768 934 905 862 -

Reentrants

2,458 2,266 2,219 2,170 -

New entrants

834 728 783 813 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,257 2,415 2,379 2,468 -

5 to 14 weeks

2,287 2,133 2,156 2,089 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,140 1,073 1,199 1,192 -

27 weeks and over

2,094 1,856 1,831 1,850 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,035 5,659 5,598 5,840 -

Slack work or business conditions

3,582 3,485 3,401 3,583 -

Could only find part-time work

2,133 1,902 1,873 1,944 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,301 21,059 21,251 20,487 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,089 1,932 1,684 1,752 -

Discouraged workers

623 591 426 532 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

126 164 157 227

Total private

110 178 165 237

Goods-producing

24 35 15 45

Mining and logging

-15 7 2 4

Construction

11 28 2 36

Manufacturing

28 0 11 5

Durable goods(1)

18 3 12 6

Motor vehicles and parts

8.4 1.4 3.1 3.3

Nondurable goods

10 -3 -1 -1

Private service-providing

86 143 150 192

Wholesale trade

3.0 5.6 1.2 3.0

Retail trade

40.4 -12.9 33.5 45.9

Transportation and warehousing

-13.9 21.8 19.3 -4.0

Utilities

-0.7 0.3 0.4 -0.6

Information

1 -12 -4 3

Financial activities

19 12 23 32

Professional and business services(1)

-5 46 32 39

Temporary help services

-43.2 25.5 -12.8 14.8

Education and health services(1)

16 31 45 24

Health care and social assistance

32.7 28.2 44.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

30 44 17 34

Other services

-4 7 -17 16

Government

16 -14 -8 -10

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

212 179 148 183

Total private

196 178 158 193

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.6 49.6 49.5

Total private women employees

48.0 48.2 48.2 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.3 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.3 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$25.37 $25.91 $25.97 $26.00

Average weekly earnings

$877.80 $888.71 $893.37 $894.40

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.2 105.8 106.2 106.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

127.5 131.0 131.9 132.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 -0.2 0.7 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (261 industries)

58.8 51.5 61.5 58.8

Manufacturing (78 industries)

60.3 48.7 55.1 48.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 147,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 634,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

252,397 254,742 254,082 252,397 254,091 254,321 254,540 254,742 254,082

Civilian labor force

157,347 158,968 158,676 158,362 159,830 159,643 159,456 159,640 159,716

Participation rate

62.3 62.4 62.5 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9

Employed

149,037 151,798 150,527 150,533 151,926 151,902 152,048 152,111 152,081

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.6 59.2 59.6 59.8 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.9

Unemployed

8,309 7,170 8,149 7,829 7,904 7,740 7,409 7,529 7,635

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.5 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8

Not in labor force

95,051 95,774 95,406 94,036 94,261 94,678 95,084 95,102 94,366

Persons who currently want a job

6,166 5,449 5,934 5,977 6,082 5,889 5,837 5,662 5,739

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,926 123,099 122,781 121,926 122,775 122,889 122,998 123,099 122,781

Civilian labor force

83,360 84,463 84,234 84,236 85,042 84,994 84,860 84,979 85,096

Participation rate

68.4 68.6 68.6 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.0 69.0 69.3

Employed

78,792 80,368 79,721 80,084 80,735 80,717 80,826 80,861 81,013

Employment-population ratio

64.6 65.3 64.9 65.7 65.8 65.7 65.7 65.7 66.0

Unemployed

4,569 4,095 4,514 4,152 4,307 4,278 4,034 4,118 4,083

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.8 5.4 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8

Not in labor force

38,566 38,636 38,546 37,690 37,732 37,895 38,139 38,120 37,685

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,483 114,603 114,297 113,483 114,289 114,401 114,506 114,603 114,297

Civilian labor force

80,731 81,640 81,551 81,319 81,988 81,967 81,817 81,983 82,113

Participation rate

71.1 71.2 71.4 71.7 71.7 71.6 71.5 71.5 71.8

Employed

76,644 77,984 77,483 77,670 78,191 78,232 78,330 78,379 78,503

Employment-population ratio

67.5 68.0 67.8 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.7

Unemployed

4,087 3,656 4,068 3,648 3,798 3,735 3,486 3,605 3,609

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.5 5.0 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.4

Not in labor force

32,753 32,963 32,746 32,164 32,301 32,434 32,690 32,620 32,184

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,471 131,643 131,301 130,471 131,317 131,432 131,542 131,643 131,301

Civilian labor force

73,986 74,505 74,441 74,126 74,788 74,648 74,597 74,661 74,621

Participation rate

56.7 56.6 56.7 56.8 57.0 56.8 56.7 56.7 56.8

Employed

70,246 71,430 70,806 70,449 71,191 71,185 71,222 71,250 71,069

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.3 53.9 54.0 54.2 54.2 54.1 54.1 54.1

Unemployed

3,741 3,075 3,635 3,676 3,597 3,463 3,375 3,411 3,552

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.1 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8

Not in labor force

56,485 57,138 56,860 56,345 56,529 56,783 56,945 56,982 56,681

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,263 123,383 123,052 122,263 123,066 123,179 123,285 123,383 123,052

Civilian labor force

71,242 71,794 71,663 71,205 71,856 71,784 71,737 71,831 71,686

Participation rate

58.3 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.4 58.3 58.2 58.2 58.3

Employed

67,904 68,984 68,423 67,959 68,702 68,698 68,712 68,760 68,550

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.9 55.6 55.6 55.8 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.7

Unemployed

3,338 2,810 3,240 3,246 3,154 3,085 3,025 3,071 3,136

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.9 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4

Not in labor force

51,022 51,589 51,389 51,059 51,210 51,395 51,548 51,552 51,366

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,651 16,756 16,734 16,651 16,737 16,741 16,749 16,756 16,734

Civilian labor force

5,375 5,534 5,462 5,838 5,987 5,892 5,903 5,826 5,917

Participation rate

32.3 33.0 32.6 35.1 35.8 35.2 35.2 34.8 35.4

Employed

4,490 4,831 4,620 4,904 5,034 4,972 5,006 4,972 5,028

Employment-population ratio

27.0 28.8 27.6 29.5 30.1 29.7 29.9 29.7 30.0

Unemployed

885 704 842 934 953 920 897 854 890

Unemployment rate

16.5 12.7 15.4 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.2 14.7 15.0

Not in labor force

11,276 11,221 11,272 10,812 10,750 10,849 10,846 10,930 10,816

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

197,639 198,845 198,453 197,639 198,509 198,633 198,745 198,845 198,453

Civilian labor force

123,578 124,081 123,921 124,427 124,826 124,700 124,578 124,616 124,675

Participation rate

62.5 62.4 62.4 63.0 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.7 62.8

Employed

117,800 118,992 118,097 119,072 119,391 119,310 119,370 119,263 119,311

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.8 59.5 60.2 60.1 60.1 60.1 60.0 60.1

Unemployed

5,779 5,090 5,824 5,354 5,435 5,391 5,208 5,354 5,364

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Not in labor force

74,061 74,764 74,532 73,212 73,683 73,932 74,168 74,229 73,778

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,515 64,895 64,905 65,036 65,283 65,259 65,124 65,146 65,345

Participation rate

71.5 71.4 71.6 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.7 71.7 72.1

Employed

61,611 62,194 61,910 62,495 62,589 62,592 62,608 62,476 62,730

Employment-population ratio

68.2 68.4 68.3 69.2 69.0 68.9 68.9 68.7 69.2

Unemployed

2,904 2,700 2,995 2,540 2,693 2,668 2,516 2,669 2,615

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,811 54,856 54,844 54,778 54,871 54,852 54,808 54,872 54,798

Participation rate

57.7 57.4 57.5 57.6 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.4

Employed

52,570 52,966 52,582 52,627 52,799 52,774 52,783 52,813 52,646

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.4 55.1 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

2,242 1,890 2,262 2,151 2,072 2,078 2,026 2,059 2,152

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,252 4,330 4,171 4,613 4,672 4,589 4,645 4,599 4,531

Participation rate

34.5 35.1 33.8 37.5 37.8 37.2 37.6 37.2 36.7

Employed

3,619 3,832 3,604 3,950 4,002 3,944 3,979 3,974 3,934

Employment-population ratio

29.4 31.0 29.2 32.1 32.4 31.9 32.2 32.2 31.9

Unemployed

633 499 567 663 670 645 666 625 597

Unemployment rate

14.9 11.5 13.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.3 13.6 13.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,679 32,105 32,063 31,679 31,987 32,028 32,068 32,105 32,063

Civilian labor force

19,355 19,779 19,830 19,512 19,826 19,801 19,856 19,844 19,993

Participation rate

61.1 61.6 61.8 61.6 62.0 61.8 61.9 61.8 62.4

Employed

17,602 18,307 18,262 17,803 18,181 18,104 18,262 18,292 18,445

Employment-population ratio

55.6 57.0 57.0 56.2 56.8 56.5 56.9 57.0 57.5

Unemployed

1,753 1,472 1,569 1,709 1,646 1,696 1,594 1,552 1,548

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.4 7.9 8.8 8.3 8.6 8.0 7.8 7.7

Not in labor force

12,324 12,327 12,232 12,167 12,161 12,228 12,212 12,261 12,070

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,778 9,023 9,028 8,845 9,000 9,011 9,018 9,056 9,106

Participation rate

66.6 67.4 67.5 67.1 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.7 68.1

Employed

7,983 8,337 8,318 8,106 8,264 8,223 8,328 8,366 8,437

Employment-population ratio

60.6 62.3 62.2 61.5 62.0 61.6 62.3 62.5 63.1

Unemployed

795 686 710 738 736 789 691 690 669

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.6 7.9 8.3 8.2 8.8 7.7 7.6 7.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,927 10,088 10,105 9,943 10,074 10,079 10,135 10,094 10,124

Participation rate

62.0 62.2 62.5 62.1 62.4 62.3 62.6 62.3 62.6

Employed

9,134 9,459 9,431 9,156 9,370 9,367 9,418 9,410 9,450

Employment-population ratio

57.1 58.4 58.3 57.2 58.0 57.9 58.2 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

792 629 673 788 703 712 716 683 673

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.2 6.7 7.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

650 668 698 723 752 710 703 694 764

Participation rate

26.0 26.5 27.8 29.0 29.9 28.2 27.9 27.6 30.4

Employed

484 511 512 541 546 515 516 515 558

Employment-population ratio

19.4 20.3 20.4 21.7 21.7 20.5 20.5 20.5 22.2

Unemployed

166 157 186 183 206 196 187 178 205

Unemployment rate

25.5 23.5 26.7 25.2 27.4 27.5 26.6 25.7 26.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,816 15,433 15,157 14,816 15,310 15,344 15,323 15,433 15,157

Civilian labor force

9,189 9,681 9,617 9,207 9,760 9,797 9,634 9,678 9,641

Participation rate

62.0 62.7 63.5 62.1 63.7 63.8 62.9 62.7 63.6

Employed

8,846 9,428 9,250 8,868 9,381 9,462 9,342 9,423 9,281

Employment-population ratio

59.7 61.1 61.0 59.9 61.3 61.7 61.0 61.1 61.2

Unemployed

343 253 367 339 379 334 292 256 360

Unemployment rate

3.7 2.6 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.0 2.6 3.7

Not in labor force

5,627 5,752 5,540 5,608 5,550 5,547 5,690 5,755 5,517

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,215 41,190 40,922 40,215 40,919 41,011 41,102 41,190 40,922

Civilian labor force

26,353 27,032 26,927 26,456 27,063 26,931 26,990 27,079 27,044

Participation rate

65.5 65.6 65.8 65.8 66.1 65.7 65.7 65.7 66.1

Employed

24,605 25,450 25,146 24,903 25,331 25,389 25,448 25,486 25,453

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.8 61.4 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.2

Unemployed

1,747 1,582 1,781 1,553 1,732 1,542 1,541 1,594 1,590

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.9 6.6 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9

Not in labor force

13,862 14,158 13,995 13,759 13,856 14,080 14,113 14,111 13,879

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,532 14,832 14,837 14,596 14,833 14,861 14,881 14,821 14,898

Participation rate

80.2 79.9 80.5 80.5 80.4 80.4 80.3 79.8 80.9

Employed

13,658 14,059 13,966 13,884 14,035 14,118 14,113 14,102 14,187

Employment-population ratio

75.3 75.7 75.8 76.6 76.1 76.4 76.2 75.9 77.0

Unemployed

874 773 872 713 798 743 768 720 711

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.2 5.9 4.9 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,655 11,062 11,022 10,650 11,001 10,912 10,971 11,083 11,028

Participation rate

58.1 58.8 59.0 58.0 58.9 58.3 58.5 58.9 59.0

Employed

9,993 10,435 10,290 10,025 10,296 10,314 10,411 10,424 10,336

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.5 55.1 54.6 55.1 55.1 55.5 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

662 627 732 625 705 598 560 659 692

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.7 6.6 5.9 6.4 5.5 5.1 5.9 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,166 1,138 1,068 1,210 1,229 1,158 1,138 1,175 1,117

Participation rate

31.2 29.8 28.0 32.4 32.4 30.5 29.9 30.8 29.3

Employed

955 956 890 995 1,000 958 924 960 930

Employment-population ratio

25.6 25.1 23.4 26.6 26.3 25.2 24.3 25.2 24.4

Unemployed

211 182 178 215 229 200 214 215 187

Unemployment rate

18.1 16.0 16.6 17.8 18.6 17.3 18.8 18.3 16.7

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,030 10,461 10,627 10,997 10,803 10,657 10,587 10,483 10,533

Participation rate

46.0 44.9 45.7 45.9 45.6 45.3 45.1 45.0 45.3

Employed

10,079 9,621 9,677 10,188 9,881 9,872 9,753 9,660 9,725

Employment-population ratio

42.0 41.3 41.6 42.5 41.7 42.0 41.5 41.4 41.8

Unemployed

951 840 950 809 922 784 834 823 808

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.0 8.9 7.4 8.5 7.4 7.9 7.9 7.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,195 35,535 35,191 35,394 35,720 35,871 35,833 35,661 35,443

Participation rate

57.5 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.4 57.8 57.7 57.7 57.9

Employed

33,121 33,710 33,116 33,531 33,877 33,912 34,068 33,860 33,580

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.6 54.1 54.8 54.4 54.6 54.9 54.8 54.9

Unemployed

2,073 1,825 2,076 1,863 1,843 1,959 1,765 1,801 1,863

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.1 5.9 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.9 5.1 5.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,952 38,188 37,982 37,987 37,963 38,119 38,189 38,244 38,007

Participation rate

66.2 66.0 65.6 66.3 67.2 66.4 66.4 66.1 65.7

Employed

36,220 36,795 36,436 36,379 36,378 36,666 36,702 36,773 36,563

Employment-population ratio

63.2 63.6 63.0 63.5 64.4 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.2

Unemployed

1,732 1,394 1,547 1,608 1,584 1,453 1,486 1,472 1,444

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.6 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

52,806 54,095 54,369 52,733 54,310 54,064 53,899 54,032 54,271

Participation rate

73.9 73.6 73.9 73.8 74.2 74.1 73.7 73.6 73.8

Employed

51,458 52,843 52,987 51,409 52,942 52,683 52,656 52,699 52,925

Employment-population ratio

72.1 71.9 72.1 72.0 72.3 72.2 72.0 71.7 72.0

Unemployed

1,348 1,252 1,382 1,324 1,367 1,380 1,243 1,333 1,346

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,034 20,674 19,028 18,653 2,006 2,021

Civilian labor force

10,709 10,258 9,465 9,080 1,245 1,179

Participation rate

50.9 49.6 49.7 48.7 62.0 58.3

Employed

10,206 9,798 9,030 8,664 1,177 1,134

Employment-population ratio

48.5 47.4 47.5 46.4 58.7 56.1

Unemployed

503 461 435 416 68 45

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.5 4.6 4.6 5.4 3.8

Not in labor force

10,325 10,416 9,563 9,573 761 842

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,802 4,067 3,119 3,394 683 673

Civilian labor force

3,155 3,342 2,629 2,878 525 463

Participation rate

83.0 82.2 84.3 84.8 76.9 68.9

Employed

2,975 3,131 2,491 2,695 484 437

Employment-population ratio

78.3 77.0 79.9 79.4 70.9 64.9

Unemployed

179 211 138 184 41 27

Unemployment rate

5.7 6.3 5.3 6.4 7.9 5.8

Not in labor force

647 725 490 515 158 209

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,350 3,298 2,851 2,756 499 542

Civilian labor force

2,710 2,556 2,349 2,191 360 365

Participation rate

80.9 77.5 82.4 79.5 72.2 67.4

Employed

2,607 2,469 2,256 2,109 351 360

Employment-population ratio

77.8 74.9 79.1 76.5 70.4 66.5

Unemployed

103 87 94 82 9 5

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.4 4.0 3.7 2.5 1.3

Not in labor force

641 742 502 565 138 177

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,673 8,218 8,363 7,921 310 297

Civilian labor force

2,215 1,832 2,138 1,750 77 83

Participation rate

25.5 22.3 25.6 22.1 24.8 27.8

Employed

2,125 1,754 2,056 1,681 68 73

Employment-population ratio

24.5 21.3 24.6 21.2 22.1 24.5

Unemployed

90 78 82 69 9 10

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.3 3.8 3.9 11.1 11.8

Not in labor force

6,458 6,386 6,225 6,171 233 214

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,209 5,091 4,695 4,582 514 509

Civilian labor force

2,630 2,528 2,349 2,261 282 267

Participation rate

50.5 49.7 50.0 49.3 54.8 52.5

Employed

2,500 2,444 2,227 2,180 273 264

Employment-population ratio

48.0 48.0 47.4 47.6 53.1 51.9

Unemployed

131 85 122 81 9 3

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.3 5.2 3.6 3.2 1.2

Not in labor force

2,579 2,563 2,346 2,321 232 242

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

222,523 224,320 98,416 99,556 124,107 124,765

Civilian labor force

144,803 146,479 73,011 74,235 71,792 72,243

Participation rate

65.1 65.3 74.2 74.6 57.8 57.9

Employed

137,316 139,086 69,049 70,288 68,268 68,798

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.0 70.2 70.6 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

7,486 7,393 3,962 3,948 3,524 3,445

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.0 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.8

Not in labor force

77,720 77,842 25,405 25,320 52,315 52,521

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,022 29,964 223,375 224,118

Civilian labor force

5,650 5,847 151,697 152,828

Participation rate

19.5 19.5 67.9 68.2

Employed

5,039 5,206 143,999 145,321

Employment-population ratio

17.4 17.4 64.5 64.8

Unemployed

611 641 7,698 7,508

Unemployment rate

10.8 11.0 5.1 4.9

Not in labor force

23,373 24,116 71,678 71,290

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,389 2,479 76,138 76,763

Participation rate

32.2 33.0 81.5 82.1

Employed

2,074 2,181 72,084 72,724

Employment-population ratio

28.0 29.0 77.2 77.8

Unemployed

315 298 4,053 4,039

Unemployment rate

13.2 12.0 5.3 5.3

Not in labor force

5,021 5,032 17,242 16,721

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,237 2,320 67,667 67,814

Participation rate

28.4 28.7 70.2 70.5

Employed

1,990 2,053 64,346 64,631

Employment-population ratio

25.3 25.4 66.7 67.2

Unemployed

247 267 3,321 3,183

Unemployment rate

11.0 11.5 4.9 4.7

Not in labor force

5,629 5,765 28,753 28,410

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,024 1,049 7,892 8,252

Participation rate

7.4 7.3 23.5 24.0

Employed

975 972 7,569 7,966

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.8 22.5 23.1

Unemployed

49 77 324 286

Unemployment rate

4.8 7.3 4.1 3.5

Not in labor force

12,723 13,319 25,684 26,159

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

41,028 41,379 20,068 20,148 20,960 21,231

Civilian labor force

26,681 27,144 15,576 15,683 11,105 11,461

Participation rate

65.0 65.6 77.6 77.8 53.0 54.0

Employed

25,328 25,721 14,824 14,883 10,503 10,837

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.2 73.9 73.9 50.1 51.0

Unemployed

1,353 1,423 752 799 601 624

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.2 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.4

Not in labor force

14,347 14,235 4,492 4,465 9,856 9,770

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

211,369 212,703 101,858 102,633 109,511 110,070

Civilian labor force

130,665 131,532 67,784 68,552 62,882 62,980

Participation rate

61.8 61.8 66.5 66.8 57.4 57.2

Employed

123,710 124,806 63,967 64,837 59,742 59,969

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.7 62.8 63.2 54.6 54.5

Unemployed

6,956 6,726 3,817 3,715 3,139 3,011

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 5.6 5.4 5.0 4.8

Not in labor force

80,704 81,171 34,074 34,081 46,629 47,090

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,200 2,180 2,225 2,401 2,429 2,317 2,431 2,356 2,418

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,381 1,366 1,460 1,551 1,522 1,493 1,559 1,470 1,633

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

792 797 747 833 890 817 833 857 795

Unpaid family workers

27 18 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

146,838 149,617 148,302 148,090 149,526 149,604 149,752 149,811 149,582

Wage and salary workers(1)

138,298 140,753 139,942 139,329 140,739 140,806 140,968 140,773 140,952

Government

20,956 21,029 21,083 20,661 20,809 20,698 20,938 20,865 20,796

Private industries

117,342 119,724 118,859 118,698 119,990 120,073 120,016 119,916 120,189

Private households

714 680 731 - - - - - -

Other industries

116,628 119,044 118,128 117,999 119,241 119,325 119,290 119,206 119,467

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,500 8,800 8,313 8,697 8,599 8,731 8,716 8,991 8,552

Unpaid family workers

39 64 47 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,406 5,707 6,226 6,035 5,874 5,850 5,659 5,598 5,840

Slack work or business conditions

3,941 3,478 3,966 3,582 3,587 3,481 3,485 3,401 3,583

Could only find part-time work

2,054 1,828 1,902 2,133 1,972 2,093 1,902 1,873 1,944

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,554 21,711 20,612 20,301 20,742 20,765 21,059 21,251 20,487

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,234 5,561 6,127 5,902 5,770 5,748 5,550 5,476 5,769

Slack work or business conditions

3,851 3,362 3,909 3,511 3,510 3,415 3,424 3,310 3,535

Could only find part-time work

2,038 1,824 1,895 2,116 1,959 2,082 1,870 1,862 1,947

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,265 21,335 20,277 19,968 20,409 20,455 20,696 20,818 20,136

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

149,037 151,798 150,527 150,533 151,926 151,902 152,048 152,111 152,081

16 to 19 years

4,490 4,831 4,620 4,904 5,034 4,972 5,006 4,972 5,028

16 to 17 years

1,515 1,661 1,643 1,682 1,832 1,665 1,682 1,723 1,813

18 to 19 years

2,975 3,170 2,977 3,217 3,186 3,283 3,318 3,253 3,219

20 years and over

144,547 146,967 145,907 145,629 146,892 146,930 147,042 147,139 147,054

20 to 24 years

13,669 13,999 13,691 14,053 14,004 13,889 14,000 14,071 14,070

25 years and over

130,878 132,968 132,215 131,587 132,845 133,100 133,166 133,065 132,956

25 to 54 years

97,047 98,417 97,656 97,547 98,205 98,442 98,453 98,495 98,190

25 to 34 years

33,096 34,219 33,926 33,287 33,979 33,934 33,952 34,185 34,136

35 to 44 years

31,366 31,564 31,406 31,503 31,567 31,604 31,741 31,611 31,553

45 to 54 years

32,584 32,634 32,324 32,758 32,659 32,904 32,760 32,698 32,502

55 years and over

33,832 34,551 34,560 34,040 34,641 34,658 34,713 34,570 34,765

Men, 16 years and over

78,792 80,368 79,721 80,084 80,735 80,717 80,826 80,861 81,013

16 to 19 years

2,148 2,384 2,237 2,413 2,545 2,485 2,495 2,482 2,509

16 to 17 years

713 753 769 816 840 754 769 786 871

18 to 19 years

1,435 1,631 1,468 1,593 1,714 1,725 1,728 1,699 1,641

20 years and over

76,644 77,984 77,483 77,670 78,191 78,232 78,330 78,379 78,503

20 to 24 years

6,915 7,152 7,028 7,200 7,188 7,122 7,206 7,246 7,302

25 years and over

69,728 70,832 70,455 70,487 70,969 71,128 71,186 71,114 71,202

25 to 54 years

51,865 52,529 52,196 52,391 52,515 52,627 52,700 52,737 52,705

25 to 34 years

17,823 18,328 18,287 18,034 18,237 18,223 18,228 18,374 18,472

35 to 44 years

16,853 16,988 16,886 17,012 16,979 17,038 17,137 17,054 17,048

45 to 54 years

17,189 17,213 17,023 17,345 17,299 17,365 17,334 17,309 17,185

55 years and over

17,864 18,303 18,259 18,096 18,454 18,502 18,486 18,377 18,497

Women, 16 years and over

70,246 71,430 70,806 70,449 71,191 71,185 71,222 71,250 71,069

16 to 19 years

2,342 2,446 2,383 2,491 2,489 2,487 2,510 2,490 2,518

16 to 17 years

801 908 874 866 992 911 914 938 942

18 to 19 years

1,540 1,538 1,509 1,623 1,472 1,558 1,590 1,554 1,578

20 years and over

67,904 68,984 68,423 67,959 68,702 68,698 68,712 68,760 68,550

20 to 24 years

6,754 6,847 6,663 6,853 6,816 6,767 6,794 6,825 6,767

25 years and over

61,150 62,136 61,760 61,100 61,877 61,972 61,981 61,951 61,754

25 to 54 years

45,182 45,889 45,460 45,156 45,690 45,815 45,753 45,758 45,485

25 to 34 years

15,273 15,891 15,639 15,252 15,743 15,710 15,724 15,812 15,664

35 to 44 years

14,514 14,577 14,520 14,491 14,588 14,566 14,603 14,557 14,505

45 to 54 years

15,396 15,421 15,301 15,413 15,359 15,539 15,426 15,389 15,317

55 years and over

15,968 16,248 16,300 15,944 16,187 16,157 16,227 16,193 16,269

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

44,942 45,254 45,344 45,229 45,647 45,331 45,268 45,252 45,593

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,046 35,712 35,444 34,991 35,495 35,404 35,342 35,478 35,402

Women who maintain families(2)

9,753 9,998 9,906 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

121,411 123,570 123,015 123,116 124,253 124,190 124,213 124,248 124,705

Part-time workers(4)

27,627 28,228 27,512 27,394 27,684 27,770 27,854 27,895 27,405

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,314 7,675 7,405 7,470 7,845 7,758 7,812 7,554 7,562

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,796 5,835 5,713 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,291 9,596 9,060 9,531 9,488 9,549 9,549 9,848 9,347

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,829 7,529 7,635 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8

16 to 19 years

934 854 890 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.2 14.7 15.0

16 to 17 years

368 368 345 18.0 17.4 19.8 18.1 17.6 16.0

18 to 19 years

565 490 546 14.9 15.3 13.5 14.2 13.1 14.5

20 years and over

6,894 6,675 6,745 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.4

20 to 24 years

1,254 1,255 1,267 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.3

25 years and over

5,575 5,412 5,414 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

25 to 54 years

4,300 4,130 4,173 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

25 to 34 years

1,798 1,699 1,767 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9

35 to 44 years

1,295 1,305 1,297 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.5 4.0 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,207 1,127 1,109 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3

55 years and over

1,302 1,287 1,268 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

Men, 16 years and over

4,152 4,118 4,083 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8

16 to 19 years

504 513 474 17.3 16.7 17.9 18.0 17.1 15.9

16 to 17 years

200 210 181 19.7 19.1 22.0 23.3 21.1 17.2

18 to 19 years

304 296 293 16.0 15.6 16.2 16.1 14.8 15.1

20 years and over

3,648 3,605 3,609 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.4

20 to 24 years

712 737 752 9.0 9.2 9.7 9.1 9.2 9.3

25 years and over

2,898 2,873 2,829 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,189 2,166 2,190 4.0 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0

25 to 34 years

955 914 951 5.0 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9

35 to 44 years

635 680 683 3.6 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.9

45 to 54 years

599 572 555 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1

55 years and over

709 707 639 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.3

Women, 16 years and over

3,676 3,411 3,552 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8

16 to 19 years

430 340 416 14.7 15.1 13.2 12.2 12.0 14.2

16 to 17 years

168 158 164 16.2 15.8 18.0 13.1 14.4 14.8

18 to 19 years

261 194 253 13.8 14.9 10.2 12.1 11.1 13.8

20 years and over

3,246 3,071 3,136 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4

20 to 24 years

542 517 515 7.3 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1

25 years and over

2,677 2,539 2,585 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0

25 to 54 years

2,110 1,964 1,983 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.2

25 to 34 years

843 784 816 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 5.0

35 to 44 years

660 624 613 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.1

45 to 54 years

607 555 554 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5

55 years and over

582 596 615 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,228 1,275 1,284 2.6 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,090 1,070 1,119 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.1

Women who maintain families(2)

744 621 660 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,347 6,094 6,223 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8

Part-time workers(4)

1,450 1,435 1,395 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,287 3,668 4,361 3,686 3,930 3,749 3,542 3,639 3,713

On temporary layoff

1,314 1,117 1,518 927 1,068 994 896 1,033 1,062

Not on temporary layoff

2,974 2,550 2,843 2,759 2,862 2,755 2,646 2,606 2,651

Permanent job losers

1,986 1,863 2,093 1,889 1,963 1,906 1,903 1,902 1,981

Persons who completed temporary jobs

988 687 750 870 899 848 743 704 670

Job leavers

774 842 864 768 900 945 934 905 862

Reentrants

2,537 2,003 2,224 2,458 2,327 2,339 2,266 2,219 2,170

New entrants

711 657 701 834 802 791 728 783 813

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

51.6 51.2 53.5 47.6 49.4 47.9 47.4 48.2 49.1

On temporary layoff

15.8 15.6 18.6 12.0 13.4 12.7 12.0 13.7 14.0

Not on temporary layoff

35.8 35.6 34.9 35.6 36.0 35.2 35.4 34.5 35.1

Job leavers

9.3 11.7 10.6 9.9 11.3 12.1 12.5 12.0 11.4

Reentrants

30.5 27.9 27.3 31.7 29.2 29.9 30.3 29.4 28.7

New entrants

8.6 9.2 8.6 10.8 10.1 10.1 9.7 10.4 10.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.7 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Reentrants

1.6 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4

New entrants

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,574 2,251 2,824 2,257 2,584 2,393 2,415 2,379 2,468

5 to 14 weeks

2,438 1,974 2,216 2,287 2,220 2,273 2,133 2,156 2,089

15 weeks and over

3,297 2,945 3,109 3,234 3,127 3,130 2,929 3,030 3,043

15 to 26 weeks

1,144 1,176 1,201 1,140 1,164 1,167 1,073 1,199 1,192

27 weeks and over

2,153 1,769 1,908 2,094 1,963 1,964 1,856 1,831 1,850

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

27.6 25.8 23.7 29.0 27.3 27.0 26.2 26.0 25.1

Median duration, in weeks

10.5 10.5 9.6 11.2 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

31.0 31.4 34.6 29.0 32.6 30.7 32.3 31.4 32.5

5 to 14 weeks

29.3 27.5 27.2 29.4 28.0 29.2 28.5 28.5 27.5

15 weeks and over

39.7 41.1 38.2 41.6 39.4 40.1 39.2 40.0 40.0

15 to 26 weeks

13.8 16.4 14.7 14.7 14.7 15.0 14.4 15.8 15.7

27 weeks and over

25.9 24.7 23.4 26.9 24.7 25.2 24.8 24.2 24.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

149,037 150,527 8,309 8,149 5.3 5.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

59,014 59,921 1,404 1,425 2.3 2.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,829 25,051 572 644 2.3 2.5

Professional and related occupations

34,185 34,871 832 781 2.4 2.2

Service occupations

25,739 25,772 1,766 1,741 6.4 6.3

Sales and office occupations

33,579 33,750 1,870 1,770 5.3 5.0

Sales and related occupations

15,571 15,971 822 883 5.0 5.2

Office and administrative support occupations

18,007 17,778 1,049 888 5.5 4.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,327 13,745 1,249 1,241 8.6 8.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

906 1,019 166 181 15.5 15.1

Construction and extraction occupations

7,465 7,591 863 872 10.4 10.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,955 5,134 220 187 4.3 3.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,379 17,338 1,281 1,250 6.9 6.7

Production occupations

8,340 8,196 541 558 6.1 6.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,040 9,142 739 693 7.6 7.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,309 8,149 5.3 5.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,496 6,403 5.2 5.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

79 51 8.1 6.8

Construction

729 859 8.5 9.4

Manufacturing

669 633 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

426 431 4.4 4.5

Nondurable goods

243 202 4.2 3.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,230 1,164 6.0 5.5

Transportation and utilities

337 308 5.1 4.7

Information

129 137 4.6 4.9

Financial activities

295 319 3.1 3.3

Professional and business services

886 953 5.6 5.7

Education and health services

751 623 3.2 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

1,056 1,093 7.7 7.9

Other services

336 264 5.2 4.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

196 198 13.0 12.4

Government workers

512 485 2.4 2.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

394 362 4.0 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.1 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.3 4.5 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.7 4.8 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.5 5.5 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.5 9.1 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

95,051 95,406 38,566 38,546 56,485 56,860

Persons who currently want a job

6,166 5,934 2,939 2,713 3,227 3,221

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,089 1,752 1,172 903 917 849

Discouraged workers(2)

623 532 413 305 210 227

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,466 1,220 759 598 707 622

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,314 7,405 3,560 3,658 3,754 3,747

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.5 4.6 5.3 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,925 3,904 2,162 2,129 1,763 1,776

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,976 1,961 676 693 1,300 1,268

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

232 302 130 188 102 114

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,122 1,190 560 635 562 556

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Change from:
Dec.2016 - Jan.2017(p)

Total nonfarm

141,088 146,393 146,168 143,220 143,211 145,170 145,327 145,554 227

Total private

119,108 123,615 123,531 121,124 121,097 122,876 123,041 123,278 237

Goods-producing

19,266 19,870 19,669 19,340 19,754 19,762 19,777 19,822 45

Mining and logging

721 673 669 665 728 666 668 672 4

Logging

50.5 51.8 50.1 48.3 51.4 50.5 50.6 49.8 -0.8

Mining

670.4 620.8 618.4 616.3 676.9 615.1 616.9 621.8 4.9

Oil and gas extraction

186.6 179.0 177.7 177.1 186.2 178.5 177.3 177.4 0.1

Mining, except oil and gas

180.0 182.2 179.6 178.0 187.4 181.3 182.2 184.0 1.8

Coal mining

55.4 50.1 50.2 50.1 55.5 49.7 49.7 49.9 0.2

Metal ore mining

39.6 39.1 39.3 39.2 39.6 39.2 39.1 39.1 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

85.0 93.0 90.1 88.7 92.3 92.4 93.4 95.0 1.6

Support activities for mining

303.8 259.6 261.1 261.2 303.3 255.3 257.4 260.4 3.0

Construction

6,252 6,869 6,658 6,417 6,639 6,771 6,773 6,809 36

Construction of buildings

1,415.0 1,514.5 1,491.4 1,461.8 1,468.5 1,501.3 1,502.3 1,515.2 12.9

Residential building

688.5 762.6 751.0 730.5 716.9 752.1 752.8 761.8 9.0

Nonresidential building

726.5 751.9 740.4 731.3 751.6 749.2 749.5 753.4 3.9

Heavy and civil engineering construction

838.2 971.2 885.8 829.6 943.3 943.2 932.6 938.9 6.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,998.6 4,383.3 4,280.8 4,126.0 4,227.0 4,326.7 4,338.5 4,354.5 16.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,727.4 1,914.6 1,880.9 1,811.9 1,838.0 1,895.3 1,910.0 1,921.3 11.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,271.2 2,468.7 2,399.9 2,314.1 2,389.0 2,431.4 2,428.5 2,433.2 4.7

Manufacturing

12,293 12,328 12,342 12,258 12,387 12,325 12,336 12,341 5

Durable goods

7,721 7,694 7,711 7,677 7,766 7,695 7,707 7,713 6

Wood products

385.3 395.4 395.5 391.4 390.5 393.3 395.4 395.4 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

390.5 413.2 407.0 399.4 405.4 409.9 412.6 414.8 2.2

Primary metals

384.8 374.3 377.2 376.5 383.7 374.6 375.2 375.1 -0.1

Fabricated metal products

1,435.9 1,416.0 1,422.0 1,417.3 1,442.9 1,418.0 1,419.7 1,417.5 -2.2

Machinery

1,095.4 1,070.7 1,075.7 1,075.2 1,096.1 1,072.6 1,074.5 1,076.5 2.0

Computer and electronic products

1,050.9 1,040.6 1,041.5 1,034.8 1,054.9 1,041.1 1,040.0 1,037.2 -2.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.9 162.5 162.4 160.5 163.8 162.7 162.5 161.9 -0.6

Communications equipment

86.5 84.9 84.1 84.2 86.6 84.8 84.1 84.3 0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

369.5 362.3 363.9 359.8 370.7 362.2 362.5 359.6 -2.9

Electronic instruments

397.1 395.5 396.4 395.9 398.7 396.1 396.2 396.9 0.7

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

34.9 35.4 34.7 34.4 35.1 35.3 34.7 34.5 -0.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

384.8 382.8 382.7 383.0 385.3 383.0 382.9 383.7 0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,618.1 1,620.8 1,625.1 1,618.6 1,624.7 1,621.3 1,622.3 1,625.3 3.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

929.3 941.8 947.3 943.6 933.6 941.5 944.6 947.9 3.3

Furniture and related products

385.8 388.0 391.1 392.9 389.7 390.8 393.4 395.8 2.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

589.8 592.0 593.1 587.9 592.8 590.2 591.2 591.2 0.0

Nondurable goods

4,572 4,634 4,631 4,581 4,621 4,630 4,629 4,628 -1

Food manufacturing

1,516.2 1,563.4 1,563.6 1,545.2 1,540.1 1,562.1 1,563.0 1,566.3 3.3

Textile mills

115.6 112.7 112.2 111.3 116.7 112.5 112.1 111.6 -0.5

Textile product mills

115.4 114.3 112.8 111.8 117.0 113.3 112.8 113.3 0.5

Apparel

133.4 130.4 129.8 125.2 133.6 129.4 128.9 126.9 -2.0

Paper and paper products

372.6 367.9 368.8 368.6 373.5 368.2 368.2 368.7 0.5

Printing and related support activities

450.0 444.3 444.1 438.0 452.0 442.1 441.9 440.3 -1.6

Petroleum and coal products

108.5 111.7 110.0 107.9 112.8 111.1 111.2 111.0 -0.2

Chemicals

806.6 811.1 812.9 807.1 809.1 811.9 809.7 809.8 0.1

Plastics and rubber products

693.6 693.6 696.6 693.0 697.3 696.2 698.1 698.7 0.6

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

260.3 284.9 280.3 272.8 268.8 283.4 283.0 281.6 -1.4

Private service-providing

99,842 103,745 103,862 101,784 101,343 103,114 103,264 103,456 192

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,907 27,819 28,101 27,246 27,072 27,346 27,400 27,444 44

Wholesale trade

5,810.5 5,900.3 5,895.8 5,843.9 5,855.5 5,886.8 5,888.0 5,891.0 3.0

Durable goods

2,916.4 2,931.5 2,935.0 2,917.5 2,930.4 2,931.9 2,932.8 2,934.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

2,005.3 2,063.8 2,053.8 2,028.9 2,030.6 2,052.0 2,051.6 2,052.4 0.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

888.8 905.0 907.0 897.5 894.5 902.9 903.6 903.8 0.2

Retail trade

15,619.5 16,243.7 16,382.0 15,835.7 15,718.1 15,867.7 15,901.2 15,947.1 45.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,943.8 1,998.6 1,995.0 1,984.9 1,968.4 1,999.5 2,002.8 2,008.2 5.4

Automobile dealers

1,258.9 1,296.6 1,294.1 1,291.5 1,267.8 1,294.8 1,295.9 1,299.5 3.6

Other motor vehicle dealers

141.2 148.5 145.4 142.6 151.5 152.0 152.2 153.2 1.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

543.7 553.5 555.5 550.8 549.1 552.8 554.7 555.5 0.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

469.5 488.8 494.4 487.9 468.6 476.0 478.6 484.6 6.0

Electronics and appliance stores

546.0 532.2 532.6 527.2 525.3 511.1 512.4 520.0 7.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,187.6 1,250.0 1,242.6 1,217.9 1,253.1 1,281.1 1,283.2 1,284.7 1.5

Food and beverage stores

3,040.5 3,113.7 3,121.7 3,082.2 3,061.2 3,100.2 3,102.8 3,107.3 4.5

Health and personal care stores

1,039.9 1,073.9 1,080.4 1,067.9 1,037.9 1,060.0 1,063.9 1,065.4 1.5

Gasoline stations

906.8 929.8 929.7 921.1 917.1 929.4 933.7 934.8 1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,361.2 1,425.5 1,490.4 1,365.4 1,356.0 1,325.8 1,342.0 1,360.3 18.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

627.6 670.2 693.0 622.8 624.4 617.0 619.9 616.2 -3.7

General merchandise stores

3,155.2 3,344.8 3,389.0 3,200.5 3,144.4 3,191.2 3,187.1 3,188.5 1.4

Department stores

1,334.3 1,408.9 1,448.4 1,320.5 1,310.5 1,309.7 1,303.2 1,297.4 -5.8

Other general merchandise stores

1,820.9 1,935.9 1,940.6 1,880.0 1,833.8 1,881.4 1,883.9 1,891.1 7.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

815.1 847.8 839.6 810.5 833.5 833.2 829.7 830.5 0.8

Nonstore retailers

526.3 568.4 573.6 547.4 528.2 543.2 545.1 546.6 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,921.9 5,118.9 5,266.3 5,012.4 4,942.4 5,034.6 5,053.9 5,049.9 -4.0

Air transportation

466.4 477.4 477.1 477.2 469.4 479.0 479.6 480.6 1.0

Rail transportation

220.4 212.7 210.9 209.4 221.1 212.3 211.0 210.4 -0.6

Water transportation

62.7 63.4 63.3 62.3 64.8 64.6 64.5 64.6 0.1

Truck transportation

1,428.3 1,472.7 1,465.3 1,437.3 1,455.4 1,462.2 1,463.9 1,462.5 -1.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

489.4 488.8 485.4 481.6 478.8 473.3 470.6 471.6 1.0

Pipeline transportation

51.2 48.4 48.5 48.1 51.2 48.5 48.5 48.2 -0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.3 28.9 29.3 24.7 33.4 34.6 35.4 35.2 -0.2

Support activities for transportation

654.8 663.8 666.9 655.3 658.1 660.4 664.8 659.2 -5.6

Couriers and messengers

645.5 704.2 854.8 670.5 624.0 660.1 668.2 660.8 -7.4

Warehousing and storage

878.9 958.6 964.8 946.0 886.2 939.6 947.4 956.8 9.4

Utilities

554.7 556.1 556.9 554.0 556.2 556.5 556.9 556.3 -0.6

Information

2,724 2,780 2,773 2,730 2,763 2,768 2,764 2,767 3

Publishing industries, except Internet

727.0 731.1 732.9 726.1 729.4 729.1 729.2 729.5 0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

375.8 431.3 415.1 391.2 406.9 425.7 417.6 421.0 3.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

271.1 266.9 265.0 264.5 272.3 266.3 265.1 265.8 0.7

Telecommunications

803.9 788.3 791.5 781.4 806.1 785.1 785.0 781.2 -3.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

294.9 299.1 303.9 300.8 296.9 298.9 301.5 302.7 1.2

Other information services

251.7 263.5 265.0 265.8 251.4 263.3 265.2 267.1 1.9

Financial activities

8,152 8,337 8,370 8,339 8,207 8,342 8,365 8,397 32

Finance and insurance

6,077.8 6,181.3 6,208.8 6,202.2 6,089.4 6,175.9 6,196.1 6,215.9 19.8

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.3 18.5 18.9 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.8 18.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,586.1 2,628.5 2,644.0 2,645.0 2,588.5 2,629.7 2,639.6 2,648.5 8.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,687.4 1,701.5 1,709.2 1,713.5 1,687.1 1,704.0 1,709.7 1,715.6 5.9

Commercial banking

1,297.7 1,306.7 1,313.2 1,315.8 1,296.8 1,308.9 1,311.2 1,315.2 4.0

Nondepository credit intermediation

604.1 620.6 625.5 623.7 605.0 619.2 622.3 623.5 1.2

Activities related to credit intermediation

294.6 306.4 309.3 307.8 296.4 306.5 307.6 309.4 1.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

917.4 931.2 934.3 931.0 921.1 931.5 933.7 935.6 1.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,556.0 2,603.1 2,611.6 2,607.4 2,561.4 2,596.2 2,604.0 2,613.0 9.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,073.9 2,155.9 2,160.8 2,136.3 2,117.7 2,165.8 2,169.0 2,180.8 11.8

Real estate

1,514.0 1,581.4 1,585.6 1,570.6 1,537.8 1,584.2 1,585.8 1,596.0 10.2

Rental and leasing services

536.8 550.9 551.6 542.8 556.3 558.3 559.9 561.6 1.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.1 23.6 23.6 22.9 23.6 23.3 23.3 23.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

19,539 20,564 20,516 20,069 19,877 20,380 20,412 20,451 39

Professional and technical services

8,754.8 8,992.7 9,035.0 9,027.6 8,747.0 8,988.2 9,010.5 9,033.2 22.7

Legal services

1,111.0 1,124.7 1,130.4 1,117.4 1,119.4 1,122.5 1,125.8 1,124.9 -0.9

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,052.2 965.6 996.3 1,063.7 974.7 1,000.3 997.9 990.8 -7.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,389.1 1,424.3 1,426.5 1,413.8 1,403.9 1,422.0 1,428.5 1,434.4 5.9

Specialized design services

134.6 142.1 143.0 139.8 138.0 141.0 141.2 142.1 0.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,944.1 2,034.4 2,027.3 2,035.8 1,950.7 2,024.5 2,030.7 2,043.2 12.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,314.5 1,418.4 1,421.9 1,386.8 1,329.7 1,404.2 1,406.4 1,406.2 -0.2

Scientific research and development services

665.8 692.8 695.1 692.2 672.4 693.3 695.6 698.5 2.9

Advertising and related services

485.0 490.5 490.6 484.2 488.4 488.3 487.5 488.2 0.7

Other professional and technical services

658.5 699.9 703.9 693.9 669.9 692.2 696.9 705.0 8.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,218.0 2,253.2 2,266.8 2,254.2 2,225.0 2,252.6 2,258.9 2,262.3 3.4

Administrative and waste services

8,565.9 9,318.1 9,213.7 8,787.3 8,905.0 9,139.6 9,142.7 9,155.0 12.3

Administrative and support services

8,174.5 8,907.4 8,802.9 8,381.6 8,506.2 8,729.0 8,730.4 8,742.3 11.9

Office administrative services

481.7 509.0 509.9 507.1 484.6 507.5 509.6 509.0 -0.6

Facilities support services

138.9 141.5 140.7 140.3 140.3 141.5 141.1 141.5 0.4

Employment services(1)

3,392.2 3,768.3 3,756.6 3,477.6 3,537.6 3,630.8 3,620.2 3,635.2 15.0

Temporary help services

2,762.3 3,103.2 3,090.0 2,846.9 2,886.9 2,979.0 2,966.2 2,981.0 14.8

Business support services

902.0 941.7 942.4 920.3 899.2 919.9 921.4 922.0 0.6

Travel arrangement and reservation services

206.8 216.2 214.0 211.5 212.1 216.6 215.0 216.5 1.5

Investigation and security services

880.0 915.4 918.4 902.1 887.5 905.5 910.3 911.8 1.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,866.1 2,102.3 2,015.0 1,918.5 2,035.2 2,092.6 2,100.9 2,096.3 -4.6

Other support services

306.8 313.0 305.9 304.2 309.6 314.6 311.7 310.1 -1.6

Waste management and remediation services

391.4 410.7 410.8 405.7 398.8 410.6 412.3 412.7 0.4

Education and health services

22,193 23,074 23,027 22,709 22,334 22,821 22,866 22,890 24

Educational services

3,402.8 3,782.7 3,699.4 3,460.3 3,501.2 3,593.0 3,594.4 3,585.6 -8.8

Health care and social assistance

18,789.8 19,291.5 19,327.1 19,248.7 18,832.3 19,227.7 19,271.8 19,303.9 32.1

Health care(3)

15,200.0 15,604.0 15,645.5 15,567.6 15,242.9 15,558.4 15,598.9 15,617.2 18.3

Ambulatory health care services

6,942.2 7,200.8 7,226.7 7,182.1 6,966.2 7,172.3 7,198.4 7,209.4 11.0

Offices of physicians

2,492.7 2,562.9 2,575.9 2,552.6 2,497.1 2,552.6 2,558.5 2,559.3 0.8

Offices of dentists

912.5 938.6 937.7 936.9 915.2 935.3 937.5 939.4 1.9

Offices of other health practitioners

827.3 882.4 886.5 881.5 831.9 879.8 885.3 887.5 2.2

Outpatient care centers

830.2 875.6 884.6 884.1 832.1 874.0 880.5 885.3 4.8

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

259.9 263.9 263.1 260.4 260.8 263.5 262.5 261.3 -1.2

Home health care services

1,333.9 1,384.8 1,386.2 1,380.7 1,340.6 1,377.2 1,382.5 1,387.0 4.5

Other ambulatory health care services

285.7 292.6 292.7 285.9 288.5 289.8 291.7 289.7 -2.0

Hospitals

4,966.8 5,080.3 5,086.4 5,071.0 4,972.1 5,067.3 5,076.5 5,080.7 4.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,291.0 3,322.9 3,332.4 3,314.5 3,304.6 3,318.8 3,324.0 3,327.1 3.1

Nursing care facilities

1,639.3 1,647.4 1,652.1 1,641.9 1,645.7 1,643.0 1,646.6 1,645.4 -1.2

Residential mental health facilities

608.6 614.8 616.2 613.5 611.3 614.5 615.3 616.2 0.9

Community care facilities for the elderly

882.5 895.1 900.1 895.6 884.8 896.1 898.2 900.6 2.4

Other residential care facilities

160.6 165.6 164.0 163.5 162.7 165.2 163.9 164.9 1.0

Social assistance

3,589.8 3,687.5 3,681.6 3,681.1 3,589.4 3,669.3 3,672.9 3,686.7 13.8

Individual and family services

2,189.3 2,261.6 2,260.4 2,263.0 2,193.3 2,258.3 2,261.0 2,272.1 11.1

Emergency and other relief services

160.2 163.8 166.7 167.8 160.6 164.8 166.1 167.9 1.8

Vocational rehabilitation services

333.9 336.9 336.8 334.9 337.4 337.5 336.8 338.3 1.5

Child day care services

906.4 925.2 917.7 915.4 898.1 908.6 909.0 908.5 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

14,747 15,466 15,397 15,044 15,443 15,739 15,756 15,790 34

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,951.2 2,101.8 2,059.9 1,989.5 2,199.5 2,256.3 2,247.7 2,256.8 9.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

399.6 434.5 424.2 398.9 450.7 450.0 450.4 454.3 3.9

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

142.1 154.3 153.5 147.3 155.5 160.2 161.2 161.9 0.7

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,409.5 1,513.0 1,482.2 1,443.3 1,593.3 1,646.1 1,636.1 1,640.6 4.5

Accommodation and food services

12,795.5 13,364.3 13,337.5 13,054.4 13,243.2 13,482.2 13,507.9 13,533.6 25.7

Accommodation

1,841.8 1,889.8 1,885.4 1,847.3 1,940.6 1,948.0 1,949.2 1,945.0 -4.2

Food services and drinking places

10,953.7 11,474.5 11,452.1 11,207.1 11,302.6 11,534.2 11,558.7 11,588.6 29.9

Other services

5,580 5,705 5,678 5,647 5,647 5,718 5,701 5,717 16

Repair and maintenance

1,272.8 1,286.2 1,276.5 1,278.5 1,287.1 1,290.9 1,288.3 1,293.7 5.4

Personal and laundry services

1,403.5 1,459.1 1,463.7 1,445.8 1,421.8 1,460.7 1,463.1 1,465.4 2.3

Membership associations and organizations

2,903.4 2,959.9 2,937.3 2,922.4 2,937.7 2,966.6 2,949.8 2,958.1 8.3

Government

21,980 22,778 22,637 22,096 22,114 22,294 22,286 22,276 -10

Federal

2,755.0 2,797.0 2,830.0 2,797.0 2,771.0 2,811.0 2,816.0 2,820.0 4.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,159.9 2,185.5 2,192.6 2,185.2 2,172.2 2,193.2 2,194.9 2,198.3 3.4

U.S. Postal Service

595.5 611.9 637.4 611.3 599.1 617.7 621.1 621.5 0.4

State government

4,999.0 5,270.0 5,193.0 4,963.0 5,088.0 5,088.0 5,081.0 5,072.0 -9.0

State government education

2,337.2 2,599.7 2,527.1 2,304.6 2,412.2 2,410.0 2,410.1 2,402.7 -7.4

State government, excluding education

2,662.0 2,670.4 2,665.9 2,658.6 2,675.5 2,677.7 2,670.5 2,669.7 -0.8

Local government

14,226.0 14,711.0 14,614.0 14,336.0 14,255.0 14,395.0 14,389.0 14,384.0 -5.0

Local government education

7,985.9 8,279.8 8,249.0 8,027.0 7,882.9 7,933.6 7,938.2 7,935.5 -2.7

Local government, excluding education

6,239.6 6,431.3 6,365.2 6,309.1 6,372.0 6,460.9 6,450.3 6,448.7 -1.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.3 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.4 40.2 40.1 40.2

Mining and logging

43.5 43.6 43.6 43.6

Construction

39.3 39.1 38.8 38.9

Manufacturing

40.7 40.6 40.7 40.8

Durable goods

41.2 41.1 41.2 41.2

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.8 39.9 40.0

Private service-providing

33.4 33.2 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.2 34.4 34.3

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.3 30.8 31.1 30.9

Transportation and warehousing

39.1 38.8 38.8 38.9

Utilities

42.5 41.8 42.5 42.4

Information

36.2 36.0 36.2 36.5

Financial activities

37.7 37.5 37.5 37.4

Professional and business services

36.3 36.0 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.1 26.0 26.0

Other services

31.9 31.9 31.9 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

Total private

$25.37 $25.91 $25.97 $26.00 $877.80 $888.71 $893.37 $894.40

Goods-producing

26.52 27.14 27.26 27.32 1,071.41 1,091.03 1,093.13 1,098.26

Mining and logging

31.93 32.09 32.50 32.90 1,388.96 1,399.12 1,417.00 1,434.44

Construction

27.63 28.34 28.43 28.52 1,085.86 1,108.09 1,103.08 1,109.43

Manufacturing

25.61 26.22 26.34 26.36 1,042.33 1,064.53 1,072.04 1,075.49

Durable goods

26.96 27.49 27.62 27.63 1,110.75 1,129.84 1,137.94 1,138.36

Nondurable goods

23.27 24.03 24.13 24.17 928.47 956.39 962.79 966.80

Private service-providing

25.10 25.62 25.68 25.70 838.34 850.58 855.14 855.81

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.09 22.57 22.54 22.61 764.31 771.89 775.38 775.52

Wholesale trade

29.02 29.79 29.92 29.96 1,128.88 1,158.83 1,163.89 1,165.44

Retail trade

17.75 18.07 17.97 18.04 555.58 556.56 558.87 557.44

Transportation and warehousing

23.06 23.48 23.48 23.53 901.65 911.02 911.02 915.32

Utilities

37.89 38.33 38.71 39.01 1,610.33 1,602.19 1,645.18 1,654.02

Information

36.04 37.31 37.44 37.43 1,304.65 1,343.16 1,355.33 1,366.20

Financial activities

32.08 32.58 32.65 32.31 1,209.42 1,221.75 1,224.38 1,208.39

Professional and business services

30.52 31.14 31.21 31.24 1,107.88 1,121.04 1,126.68 1,130.89

Education and health services

25.54 25.91 26.01 26.03 840.27 852.44 855.73 856.39

Leisure and hospitality

14.60 15.06 15.13 15.21 382.52 393.07 393.38 395.46

Other services

22.82 23.34 23.40 23.56 727.96 744.55 746.46 749.21

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2016 - Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2016 - Jan.
2017(p)

Total private

105.2 105.8 106.2 106.4 0.2 127.5 131.0 131.9 132.3 0.3

Goods-producing

90.9 90.5 90.4 90.8 0.4 109.0 111.0 111.3 112.1 0.7

Mining and logging

99.5 91.2 91.5 92.1 0.7 127.6 117.6 119.4 121.6 1.8

Construction

89.9 91.3 90.6 91.3 0.8 108.0 112.4 111.9 113.1 1.1

Manufacturing

90.7 90.0 90.3 90.6 0.3 108.0 109.8 110.6 111.0 0.4

Durable goods

90.1 89.0 89.4 89.5 0.1 107.9 108.7 109.7 109.8 0.1

Nondurable goods

92.0 92.0 92.2 92.4 0.2 108.6 112.1 112.9 113.3 0.4

Private service-providing

108.9 110.1 110.6 110.8 0.2 132.8 137.1 138.1 138.4 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.9 101.7 102.5 102.4 -0.1 121.1 123.6 124.4 124.6 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.4 99.9 99.9 100.0 0.1 120.4 124.2 124.8 125.0 0.2

Retail trade

99.9 99.3 100.5 100.1 -0.4 117.3 118.6 119.3 119.4 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

110.6 111.8 112.2 112.4 0.2 129.4 133.2 133.7 134.3 0.4

Utilities

102.3 100.6 102.4 102.1 -0.3 128.0 127.5 131.0 131.5 0.4

Information

91.3 91.0 91.4 92.2 0.9 117.2 120.9 121.8 122.9 0.9

Financial activities

101.3 102.5 102.7 102.9 0.2 126.8 130.2 130.8 129.6 -0.9

Professional and business services

113.5 115.4 115.9 116.4 0.4 140.3 145.6 146.5 147.4 0.6

Education and health services

120.0 122.6 122.8 123.0 0.2 147.4 152.8 153.7 154.0 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

115.4 117.2 116.9 117.1 0.2 136.0 142.4 142.7 143.7 0.7

Other services

103.9 105.2 104.9 104.8 -0.1 129.9 134.5 134.5 135.4 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

Total nonfarm

70,755 71,945 72,030 72,084 49.4 49.6 49.6 49.5

Total private

58,092 59,166 59,250 59,307 48.0 48.2 48.2 48.1

Goods-producing

4,311 4,332 4,345 4,351 21.8 21.9 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

106 98 99 99 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.7

Construction

828 847 852 857 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,377 3,387 3,394 3,395 27.3 27.5 27.5 27.5

Durable goods

1,805 1,805 1,810 1,811 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.5

Nondurable goods

1,572 1,582 1,584 1,584 34.0 34.2 34.2 34.2

Private service-providing

53,781 54,834 54,905 54,956 53.1 53.2 53.2 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,978 11,082 11,078 11,066 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3

Wholesale trade

1,727.4 1,741.8 1,743.1 1,744.7 29.5 29.6 29.6 29.6

Retail trade

7,936.9 7,979.5 7,969.0 7,964.6 50.5 50.3 50.1 49.9

Transportation and warehousing

1,180.6 1,231.3 1,236.4 1,228.4 23.9 24.5 24.5 24.3

Utilities

133.1 129.8 129.1 128.7 23.9 23.3 23.2 23.1

Information

1,105 1,109 1,105 1,103 40.0 40.1 40.0 39.9

Financial activities

4,678 4,736 4,742 4,754 57.0 56.8 56.7 56.6

Professional and business services

8,868 9,140 9,146 9,162 44.6 44.8 44.8 44.8

Education and health services

17,196 17,582 17,628 17,642 77.0 77.0 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

8,003 8,183 8,203 8,223 51.8 52.0 52.1 52.1

Other services

2,953 3,002 3,003 3,006 52.3 52.5 52.7 52.6

Government

12,663 12,779 12,780 12,777 57.3 57.3 57.3 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

Total private

99,833 101,164 101,383 101,633

Goods-producing

14,269 14,200 14,242 14,303

Mining and logging

525 466 468 473

Construction

5,028 5,095 5,125 5,173

Manufacturing

8,716 8,639 8,649 8,657

Durable goods

5,349 5,287 5,299 5,307

Nondurable goods

3,367 3,352 3,350 3,350

Private service-providing

85,564 86,964 87,141 87,330

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,764 22,971 23,021 23,053

Wholesale trade

4,690.6 4,712.7 4,710.4 4,706.3

Retail trade

13,351.4 13,450.7 13,471.5 13,523.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,275.7 4,359.7 4,391.5 4,377.2

Utilities

445.9 447.4 447.3 446.0

Information

2,228 2,232 2,229 2,230

Financial activities

6,351 6,481 6,513 6,537

Professional and business services

16,312 16,667 16,688 16,737

Education and health services

19,603 20,016 20,068 20,091

Leisure and hospitality

13,611 13,860 13,897 13,946

Other services

4,695 4,737 4,725 4,736

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.3 41.2 41.0 41.0

Mining and logging

46.1 45.5 45.4 45.2

Construction

39.8 39.8 39.2 39.2

Manufacturing

41.9 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.3 42.2 42.3 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.1 41.1 41.3

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.3 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.5 33.5 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

30.0 29.7 29.7 29.7

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.5 38.7 38.7

Utilities

42.9 42.0 42.9 43.0

Information

35.8 35.4 35.8 36.0

Financial activities

37.1 36.9 37.1 36.9

Professional and business services

35.6 35.3 35.3 35.4

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.1 24.8 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.8 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)

Total private

$21.32 $21.74 $21.80 $21.84 $718.48 $730.46 $732.48 $733.82

Goods-producing

22.22 22.79 22.81 22.86 917.69 938.95 935.21 937.26

Mining and logging

26.84 27.07 27.41 27.61 1,237.32 1,231.69 1,244.41 1,247.97

Construction

25.41 26.24 26.23 26.30 1,011.32 1,044.35 1,028.22 1,030.96

Manufacturing

20.16 20.60 20.64 20.65 844.70 861.08 862.75 863.17

Durable goods

21.23 21.62 21.64 21.70 898.03 912.36 915.37 915.74

Nondurable goods

18.42 18.96 19.01 18.95 757.06 779.26 781.31 782.64

Private service-providing

21.13 21.52 21.59 21.63 686.73 697.25 697.36 700.81

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.88 19.13 19.19 19.19 636.26 640.86 642.87 642.87

Wholesale trade

23.97 24.36 24.45 24.46 922.85 945.17 948.66 949.05

Retail trade

14.98 15.18 15.29 15.26 449.40 450.85 454.11 453.22

Transportation and warehousing

20.93 20.98 20.83 20.93 816.27 807.73 806.12 809.99

Utilities

34.64 35.58 35.80 35.98 1,486.06 1,494.36 1,535.82 1,547.14

Information

29.61 30.31 30.44 30.41 1,060.04 1,072.97 1,089.75 1,094.76

Financial activities

25.85 26.28 26.35 26.38 959.04 969.73 977.59 973.42

Professional and business services

25.13 25.72 25.79 25.83 894.63 907.92 910.39 914.38

Education and health services

22.32 22.73 22.77 22.83 718.70 731.91 733.19 735.13

Leisure and hospitality

12.66 13.01 13.04 13.13 315.23 326.55 323.39 326.94

Other services

19.19 19.55 19.56 19.71 589.13 602.14 602.45 607.07

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2016 - Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016(p)
Jan.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2016 - Jan.
2017(p)

Total private

112.1 113.2 113.5 113.8 0.3 159.7 164.5 165.3 166.1 0.5

Goods-producing

90.1 89.4 89.2 89.6 0.4 122.5 124.8 124.6 125.4 0.6

Mining and logging

128.6 112.7 112.9 113.6 0.6 200.8 177.4 180.0 182.4 1.3

Construction

100.2 101.5 100.6 101.5 0.9 137.5 143.9 142.5 144.2 1.2

Manufacturing

83.8 82.9 83.0 83.1 0.1 110.5 111.7 112.0 112.2 0.2

Durable goods

85.0 83.9 84.2 84.2 0.0 112.7 113.2 113.8 114.0 0.2

Nondurable goods

81.5 81.2 81.1 81.5 0.5 106.1 108.8 109.0 109.2 0.2

Private service-providing

118.4 120.0 119.9 120.5 0.5 171.6 177.1 177.5 178.7 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.9 107.3 107.5 107.7 0.2 144.0 146.4 147.2 147.4 0.1

Wholesale trade

106.3 107.7 107.6 107.5 -0.1 150.2 154.5 155.0 154.9 -0.1

Retail trade

101.4 101.1 101.3 101.7 0.4 130.2 131.6 132.7 133.0 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

125.5 126.3 127.9 127.5 -0.3 166.7 168.2 169.0 169.3 0.2

Utilities

97.8 96.1 98.1 98.1 0.0 141.4 142.7 146.6 147.3 0.5

Information

91.0 90.2 91.1 91.6 0.5 133.4 135.3 137.2 137.9 0.5

Financial activities

110.9 112.6 113.8 113.6 -0.2 176.4 182.0 184.4 184.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

130.1 131.9 132.0 132.8 0.6 194.6 201.8 202.6 204.1 0.7

Education and health services

134.6 137.4 137.8 137.9 0.1 198.3 206.2 207.1 207.8 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

124.1 127.4 126.2 127.2 0.8 178.5 188.3 186.9 189.7 1.5

Other services

101.1 102.3 102.1 102.3 0.2 141.3 145.8 145.5 146.9 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 03, 2017