Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U. S. city average, by expenditure category

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2017
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017-
Aug.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018

All items

100.000 245.519 252.006 252.146 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food

13.224 250.493 253.746 254.077 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food at home

7.259 238.843 239.820 240.015 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 272.544 273.258 273.338 0.3 0.0 0.6 -0.2 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 247.985 250.042 250.743 1.1 0.3 -0.6 0.3 0.1

Dairy and related products

0.723 216.537 215.622 216.435 0.0 0.4 0.7 -0.6 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.279 295.009 297.632 297.644 0.9 0.0 0.5 1.0 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.857 166.822 166.577 167.231 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.2

Other food at home

1.835 209.905 210.736 210.158 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food away from home(1)

5.965 269.522 276.125 276.648 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Energy

8.079 205.894 227.107 226.939 10.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 1.9

Energy commodities

4.634 212.978 257.338 256.520 20.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Fuel oil

0.117 226.590 296.602 296.617 30.9 0.0 2.9 1.2 2.2

Motor fuel

4.445 209.881 253.424 252.546 20.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

4.351 209.000 252.232 251.367 20.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.6 3.0

Energy services

3.445 208.454 207.091 207.617 -0.4 0.3 -1.5 -0.4 0.4

Electricity

2.688 219.078 217.900 217.967 -0.5 0.0 -1.4 -0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.756 173.646 172.062 173.867 0.1 1.0 -1.7 -0.5 0.9

All items less food and energy

78.697 252.460 257.867 258.012 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.582 143.895 143.861 143.599 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Apparel

3.006 124.147 122.831 122.447 -1.4 -0.3 -0.9 -0.3 -1.6

New vehicles

3.722 145.712 146.526 146.149 0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.429 139.350 140.687 141.095 1.3 0.3 0.7 1.3 0.4

Medical care commodities

1.719 381.114 381.954 382.171 0.3 0.1 0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 245.042 248.469 248.407 1.4 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 1,029.619 1,062.895 1,064.098 3.3 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Services less energy services

59.115 319.559 328.641 329.086 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.811 299.157 308.393 309.296 3.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.786 309.479 319.351 320.651 3.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.632 306.201 315.391 316.401 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.897 507.390 518.277 516.841 1.9 -0.3 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.729 378.990 380.404 380.143 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.326 319.394 334.033 332.708 4.2 -0.4 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Transportation services

5.967 309.469 322.842 321.387 3.9 -0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.110 280.488 286.067 286.931 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.377 530.908 565.547 565.113 6.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Airline fares

0.702 259.359 264.994 255.877 -1.3 -3.4 -0.9 2.7 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 13, 2018