Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U. S. city average, by expenditure category

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
Apr.
2017-
Apr.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018

All items

100.000 244.524 249.554 250.546 2.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Food

13.281 249.739 252.370 253.209 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Food at home

7.310 238.817 239.158 240.129 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.961 271.865 272.345 271.766 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.622 243.330 249.516 251.922 3.5 1.0 -0.2 0.8 0.7

Dairy and related products

0.733 217.827 216.497 216.906 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.275 298.164 293.870 296.863 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -0.7 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.871 168.354 167.758 167.041 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.6

Other food at home

1.847 210.668 210.012 210.632 0.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Food away from home(1)

5.971 267.652 273.733 274.393 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Energy

7.635 202.869 212.554 218.830 7.9 3.0 0.1 -2.8 1.4

Energy commodities

4.232 216.791 232.716 246.387 13.7 5.9 -0.9 -4.7 3.0

Fuel oil

0.115 239.822 288.737 293.991 22.6 1.8 -3.6 -0.7 2.7

Motor fuel

4.039 213.288 228.068 242.056 13.5 6.1 -0.8 -4.9 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

3.952 212.424 226.872 240.962 13.4 6.2 -0.9 -4.9 3.0

Energy services(2)

3.404 198.915 202.625 201.245 1.2 -0.7 1.4 -0.2 -0.5

Electricity(2)

2.620 206.671 210.273 209.215 1.2 -0.5 0.4 0.0 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.784 172.597 176.567 174.318 1.0 -1.3 4.7 -1.2 -0.4

All items less food and energy

79.083 251.642 256.610 257.025 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.938 145.665 145.050 145.131 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Apparel

3.178 128.349 128.604 129.365 0.8 0.6 1.5 -0.6 0.3

New vehicles

3.764 148.457 146.727 146.069 -1.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

2.439 140.654 139.892 139.368 -0.9 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -1.6

Medical care commodities

1.735 373.231 381.804 380.479 1.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.968 245.500 248.287 248.818 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.643 1,025.961 1,046.450 1,056.874 3.0 1.0 0.1 -0.2 1.3

Services less energy services

59.145 316.971 325.610 326.252 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.752 295.706 304.847 305.716 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.777 305.477 315.883 316.763 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

23.615 302.767 312.107 312.935 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.943 505.855 516.713 517.228 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2

Physicians' services(2)

1.747 379.886 380.766 381.076 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.326 317.053 330.759 331.289 4.5 0.2 -0.5 0.6 0.2

Transportation services

5.987 308.908 320.774 321.437 4.1 0.2 1.0 0.2 -0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.112 280.170 283.656 284.367 1.5 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.393 516.203 563.762 562.749 9.0 -0.2 1.7 0.3 -0.2

Airline fares

0.716 294.034 267.482 273.817 -6.9 2.4 0.6 0.6 -2.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

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Last Modified Date: May 10, 2018