Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EST) November 15, 2017              USDL-17-1503

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – OCTOBER 2017

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in 
October on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 2.0 percent.

The shelter index increased 0.3 percent and was the main factor in the seasonally
adjusted all items increase. The energy index fell, as a decline in the gasoline
index outweighed increases in other energy component indexes. The food index was
unchanged over the month. 

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in October. 
In addition to the shelter index, the indexes for medical care, used cars and 
trucks, tobacco, education, motor vehicle insurance, and personal care were 
among those that increased. The indexes for new vehicles, recreation, and 
apparel all declined. 

The all items index rose 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending October, a smaller
increase than the 2.2-percent increase for the period ending September. The 
index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past year, a
slightly larger increase compared to the 1.7-percent increase for the 12 months
ending September. The energy index increased 6.4 percent over the last 12 
months, and the index for food rose 1.3 percent.  


Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.   ended 
                              2017  2017  2017  2017  2017  2017  2017   Oct.  
                                                                         2017  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .2   -.1    .0    .1    .4    .5    .1      2.0
  Food......................    .2    .2    .0    .2    .1    .1    .0      1.3
   Food at home.............    .2    .1   -.1    .2   -.2    .0    .0       .6
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .2    .0    .2    .3    .3    .1      2.3
  Energy....................   1.1  -2.7  -1.6   -.1   2.8   6.1  -1.0      6.4
   Energy commodities.......   1.3  -6.2  -2.7    .0   6.1  12.6  -2.3     10.8
    Gasoline (all types)....   1.2  -6.4  -2.8    .0   6.3  13.1  -2.4     10.8
    Fuel oil (1)............   -.3  -2.8  -3.7  -2.0   2.9   8.2   2.3     11.7
   Energy services..........    .9    .7   -.5   -.2   -.1   -.2    .4      2.2
    Electricity.............    .6    .3   -.6    .4    .0    .0    .5      2.0
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   2.2   1.9   -.2  -2.3   -.5   -.8    .3      3.2
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .1    .1    .1    .1    .2    .1    .2      1.8
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.2   -.3   -.1   -.1   -.1   -.2    .1     -1.0
    New vehicles............   -.2   -.2   -.3   -.5    .0   -.4   -.2     -1.4
    Used cars and trucks....   -.5   -.2   -.7   -.5   -.2   -.2    .7     -2.9
    Apparel.................   -.3   -.8   -.1    .3    .1   -.1   -.1      -.6
    Medical care commodities   -.8    .4    .7   1.0   -.1   -.8    .0       .9
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .1    .2    .2    .2    .4    .2    .3      2.7
    Shelter.................    .3    .2    .2    .1    .5    .3    .3      3.2
    Transportation services    -.2    .3    .2    .2    .4    .3    .2      4.2
    Medical care services...    .0   -.1    .3    .3    .2    .1    .3      1.9

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index was unchanged in October following slight increases in August and
September. The index for food at home was unchanged for the second month in a 
row. Among the major grocery store food group indexes, the index for meats, 
poultry, fish, and eggs was the only one to rise, increasing 0.6 percent after 
a decline in September. The increase was largely caused by the index for eggs,
which increased 6.7 percent; the index for beef declined 0.8 percent.

The index for cereals and bakery products fell 0.5 percent, its largest decline
since November 2015. The indexes for dairy and related products and for other
food at home also declined in October. The indexes for fruits and vegetables
and for nonalcoholic beverages were both unchanged in October.

The index for food at home rose 0.6 percent over the past year. The index for
meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 1.5 percent over the span. The indexes for
cereals and bakery products and for dairy and related products both declined
over the past year. The index for food away from home rose 0.1 percent in
October and increased 2.3 percent over the past year. 

Energy

The energy index decreased 1.0 percent in October following increases in August
and September. The gasoline index, which rose 13.1 percent in September, fell 2.4
percent in October. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices decreased
5.4 percent in October.) The electricity index increased in October, rising 0.5
percent, and the index for natural gas rose 0.3 percent in October after
falling in each of the last four months. 

All the major energy component indexes rose over the past 12 months. The
gasoline index increased 10.8 percent, the index for natural gas advanced 3.2
percent, and the electricity index increased 2.0 percent. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in October
after a 0.1-percent increase in September. The shelter index rose 0.3 percent,
with the indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent also rising 0.3 percent.
The index for lodging away from home continued to increase, rising 1.6 percent.
The medical care index rose 0.3 percent, with the index for hospital services
rising 0.5 percent and the physicians' services index increasing 0.2 percent.
However, the index for prescription drugs declined 0.2 percent. 

The index for used cars and trucks rose in October, increasing 0.7 percent;
this ended a streak of nine consecutive declines. The tobacco index rose in
October, increasing 1.6 percent. The education index increased 0.3 percent,
and the index for wireless telephone services rose 0.4 percent. The indexes
for personal care, airline fares, and motor vehicle insurance also increased
in October.

The index for new vehicles continued to decline, falling 0.2 percent in October
after a 0.4-percent decrease in September. The index for apparel declined 0.1
percent in October, the same decline as in September; the recreation index also
fell 0.1 percent. The index for household furnishings and operations was
unchanged in October after declining in 5 of the 6 prior months. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past 12
months. The shelter index rose 3.2 percent over that span; the 12-month increase
in the shelter index has now been either 3.2 or 3.3 percent for 6 months in a
row. The index for motor vehicle insurance increased 8.2 percent over the past
12 months, but several transportation indexes declined over the span, including
new vehicles, used cars and trucks, and airline fares.  

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.0 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 246.663 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index decreased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 2.1 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 240.573
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
1.9 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.1
percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for
the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision.  

The Consumer Price Index for November 2017 is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, December 13, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

 In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer 
 Price Index (CPI). The 2018 revision utilizes the 2010 Decennial Census and 
 incorporates an updated area sample design, changes the frequency of publication 
 for several local area indexes, and establishes some new local area and aggregate 
 indexes. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 
 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: 
 https://www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm. 
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 89 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained 
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that
meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come
from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners
must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents about 28 percent of the total U.S. population
and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 87 urban
areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately
24,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All
taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 87 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 27 selected local areas. Area indexes do
not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent
from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 


Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if 
we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change
based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in
the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change
based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the
latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard
error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/2016.pdf. 

Calculating Index Changes
Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as
percent changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes
are affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while
percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index
values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                   Item A                   Item B                     Item C

Year  I                           112.500                  225.000                    110.000
Year II                           121.500                  243.000                    128.000 
Change in index points              9.000                   18.000                     18.000
Percent change    9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  8.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted
data. Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by
the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each
February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of
seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data revision scheduling, 
please see the Fact Sheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted 
changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that 
normally occur at the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such
as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model 
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes
that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary
interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted 
data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective 
bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. 
BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements
because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.


Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment 
for some CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort 
the underlying seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal
adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by such unusual events 
are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. 
The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal 
pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the 
effects of the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic 
downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation
would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data 
for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal 
adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of 
the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal 
factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2017, BLS adjusted 40 series 
using intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and 
beverage items, motor fuels, and natural gas. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index 
levels, are subject to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. 
Every year, economists in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally
adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted
indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not 
subject to revision. In January 2017, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
adjusted indexes for 2012 to 2016 were calculated and published. For series 
which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2016 will be applied to data for 2017 to 
produce the seasonally adjusted 2017 indexes. Series which are indirectly 
seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have 
seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain
statistical criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a 
series should change its status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally 
adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S. city average
all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted
to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally 
adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-seven of the 81
components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
for 2017.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the 
CPI Information and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI 
seasonal adjustment section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; 
Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  







Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2017 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2017
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016-
Oct.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017
Jul.
2017-
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017-
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017

All items

100.000 241.729 246.819 246.663 2.0 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Food

13.598 248.073 250.993 251.364 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.814 238.145 239.128 239.543 0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.046 272.502 271.750 270.858 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.744 244.770 247.613 248.413 1.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.6

Dairy and related products

0.795 218.183 216.564 217.170 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 295.616 297.047 299.700 1.4 0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.936 166.793 167.429 167.990 0.7 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Other food at home

1.960 208.985 210.159 209.528 0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.784 264.459 270.353 270.658 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Energy

7.683 194.786 215.711 207.290 6.4 -3.9 2.8 6.1 -1.0

Energy commodities

3.949 201.412 234.982 223.219 10.8 -5.0 6.1 12.6 -2.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.104 224.453 245.085 250.640 11.7 2.3 2.9 8.2 2.3

Motor fuel

3.756 198.212 232.076 219.640 10.8 -5.4 6.3 13.0 -2.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.702 197.357 231.182 218.591 10.8 -5.4 6.3 13.1 -2.4

Energy services(2)

3.734 197.279 207.339 201.661 2.2 -2.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Electricity(2)

2.935 206.397 218.117 210.424 2.0 -3.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.800 167.049 172.111 172.373 3.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.8 0.3

All items less food and energy

78.719 249.218 252.941 253.638 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

18.741 145.701 144.108 144.273 -1.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Apparel

3.101 130.328 128.150 129.570 -0.6 1.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

New vehicles

3.543 146.896 145.037 144.868 -1.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

1.938 139.914 137.141 135.867 -2.9 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.7

Medical care commodities

1.842 373.792 377.869 377.038 0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.8 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.940 243.674 245.884 246.621 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 973.535 1,031.891 1,047.932 7.6 1.6 -0.1 0.4 1.6

Services less energy services

59.977 312.919 320.210 321.253 2.7 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.731 291.407 299.844 300.846 3.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.895 300.400 310.268 311.501 3.7 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

24.575 298.645 307.106 308.190 3.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

6.635 499.717 508.078 509.256 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Physicians' services(2)

1.650 381.406 379.169 379.072 -0.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.2

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.285 307.433 320.449 322.368 4.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5

Transportation services

5.930 299.622 309.704 312.290 4.2 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.157 275.645 282.203 283.257 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.559 496.658 532.455 537.222 8.2 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.1

Airline fares

0.596 270.922 259.143 267.297 -1.3 3.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, October 2017 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2017
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2016-
Oct.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017
Jul.
2017-
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017-
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017

All items

100.000 2.0 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Food

13.598 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.814 0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.046 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.347 -1.3 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.5 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.9

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.179 -1.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.3 -0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.126 -1.9 0.1 1.0 -1.6 0.1

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -1.7 1.4 1.1 -1.9 1.4

Bakery products(1)

0.699 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Bread(1)(2)

0.207 -0.8 -0.6 0.9 -0.7 -0.6

White bread(1)(3)

  -0.4 -0.8 0.5 -0.6 -0.8

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  -0.9 -0.1 1.3 -0.8 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.102 0.4 0.6 -0.6 0.5 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.169 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.6 -0.6

Cookies(3)

  -1.0 0.2 1.4 -1.2 -0.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  1.3 -0.4 -1.0 0.6 -0.4

Other bakery products

0.220 0.0 -0.9 -0.4 1.0 -1.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  2.1 -0.8 1.2 0.5 -0.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -0.5 -0.8 -1.1 1.3 -1.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -1.0 -0.8 -0.4 0.2 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.744 1.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.647 1.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Meats

1.048 1.5 0.0 -0.4 -0.4 0.0

Beef and veal

0.467 0.9 -1.0 -0.4 -0.7 -0.8

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.193 2.5 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -1.2

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.063 1.3 -2.3 -2.1 -0.4 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.163 -1.1 -0.2 -1.5 -2.2 0.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.047 1.4 -1.2 0.5 -2.4 -1.2

Pork

0.334 3.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.147 7.4 -1.5 1.8 0.8 -1.1

Bacon and related products(3)

  11.8 -2.5 3.8 0.0 -2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.3 0.3 -0.4 1.7 0.3

Ham

0.060 3.5 2.9 -2.2 -2.2 3.2

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  3.6 2.8 -2.7 -2.3 3.2

Pork chops(1)

0.052 -0.8 0.3 2.0 -0.5 0.3

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.075 -0.2 0.3 -1.2 0.8 0.8

Other meats

0.247 0.1 1.8 -1.2 -0.7 1.0

Frankfurters(3)

  5.1 4.7 0.6 0.2 2.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.4 1.1 -1.7 -1.3 0.6

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

      -1.0    

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.339 0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 1.1 0.1 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -1.8 0.7 -0.5 -0.1 0.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  2.0 0.1 0.6 -0.3 0.1

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 -3.1 0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.7

Fish and seafood

0.261 1.4 0.0 0.0 -0.8 1.3

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.141 -1.0 -0.6 0.2 -2.0 0.9

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.120 4.3 0.7 -0.1 0.8 1.6

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  2.3 0.4 -0.6 0.8 0.4

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.9 0.8 -0.3 0.8 2.5

Eggs

0.097 5.2 5.4 0.1 0.1 6.7

Dairy and related products

0.795 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Milk(1)(2)

0.221 -3.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -4.7 -1.0 -1.5 -0.9 -1.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -2.3 0.9 -0.3 -1.6 0.9

Cheese and related products

0.258 0.8 1.0 0.4 -0.7 0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.113 0.1 0.2 -0.3 -1.1 -0.6

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.203 0.8 -0.6 -0.7 0.3 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 1.4 0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.046 2.3 1.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.1

Fresh fruits

0.570 1.6 1.4 -1.0 0.5 -0.1

Apples

0.090 3.7 -6.2 1.9 2.9 0.0

Bananas(1)

0.081 -4.8 0.6 -0.3 -3.4 0.6

Citrus fruits(2)

0.168 6.0 3.5 -2.3 0.5 3.0

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  10.5 5.9 -5.2 1.7 5.0

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.231 0.2 3.2 -1.9 1.5 -3.0

Fresh vegetables

0.477 3.0 1.3 0.3 -0.8 0.4

Potatoes

0.081 3.3 -0.5 -0.8 0.1 2.7

Lettuce

0.062 7.8 3.9 2.4 -1.7 2.5

Tomatoes(1)

0.080 -4.3 0.5 -0.3 1.0 0.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.254 4.2 1.4 0.6 -0.5 0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.286 -1.8 -0.7 0.4 -0.3 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 -3.5 -1.6 0.7 0.0 -1.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -2.3 -1.3 0.6 0.6 -1.3

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -4.0 -1.8 0.6 0.0 -1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.085 0.3 0.5 0.3 -1.5 1.8

Frozen vegetables(3)

  1.2 1.3 0.0 -1.4 3.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.052 -0.1 -0.5 -0.8 1.0 -0.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.936 0.7 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.660 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.266 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.011 1.7 0.2 0.0 -3.8 0.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.384 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.276 0.8 0.5 -1.8 0.9 0.6

Coffee

0.174 0.4 -0.5 -1.5 1.4 -0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.8 -0.2 -2.4 1.3 0.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -0.5 0.6 0.2 -1.7 0.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.102 1.5 2.1 -1.4 -0.3 2.1

Other food at home

1.960 0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.285 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.5

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 0.6 -1.5 -0.7 0.8 -0.6

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.180 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 -0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.055 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Fats and oils

0.233 1.5 0.0 -1.0 0.0 -0.3

Butter and margarine(2)

0.069 2.3 -0.9 0.0 -1.3 -0.9

Butter(3)

  3.8 -1.5 0.7 -2.0 -2.0

Margarine(3)

  2.3 -0.4 -1.0 0.5 -0.7

Salad dressing(2)

0.056 -0.6 0.0 -2.1 -0.6 -0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.109 2.1 0.5 -1.4 1.1 1.0

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 0.4 -3.1 3.7 0.4

Other foods

1.442 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Soups

0.093 2.4 -2.8 -0.1 3.5 -0.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.252 -1.2 0.4 -1.4 -0.2 0.4

Snacks(1)

0.325 0.0 0.5 1.4 -0.6 0.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.284 0.9 -1.2 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.3 -2.0 -0.4 0.4 -0.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 1.3 -0.5 1.7 1.3

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 0.4

Other condiments(3)

  -0.9 -2.6 -1.5 0.9 -1.5

Baby food(1)(2)

0.055 1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.433 -0.1 -0.2 -1.1 0.7 -0.2

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.9 1.9 -0.6 0.1 1.9

Food away from home(1)

5.784 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.799 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.462 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.199 -0.2 -2.5 3.9 0.6 -2.7

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -2.6 -4.0   2.1 -4.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.082 1.9 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.244 1.5 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1

Energy

7.683 6.4 -3.9 2.8 6.1 -1.0

Energy commodities

3.949 10.8 -5.0 6.1 12.6 -2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.193 11.1 1.9 3.9 5.2 0.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.104 11.7 2.3 2.9 8.2 2.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.088 10.5 1.4 1.1 1.8 -0.5

Motor fuel

3.756 10.8 -5.4 6.3 13.0 -2.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.702 10.8 -5.4 6.3 13.1 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  10.9 -5.7 6.5 13.6 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  9.8 -4.1 5.6 10.2 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  10.1 -4.0 5.9 11.5 -0.9

Other motor fuels(2)

0.054 14.2 0.7 4.7 7.8 0.0

Energy services(8)

3.734 2.2 -2.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Electricity(8)

2.935 2.0 -3.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.800 3.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.8 0.3

All items less food and energy

78.719 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

18.741 -1.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.067 -2.1 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.247 -3.6 0.4 -0.5 1.8 0.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 -1.3 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.050 -5.4 0.6 -1.0 1.2 0.6

Other linens(1)(2)

0.140 -3.9 0.5 -0.6 2.9 0.5

Furniture and bedding

0.739 -1.2 -0.4 1.1 -0.3 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.266 0.5 -1.5 2.6 0.4 -1.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.347 -2.3 0.3 -1.0 -0.6 0.3

Other furniture(2)

0.121 -1.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.5 -1.1

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

    0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Appliances(2)

0.176 -1.3 -0.6 1.1 -0.5 -0.5

Major appliances(2)

0.053 -3.5 0.3 0.8 -1.0 0.3

Laundry equipment(3)

  -0.5 1.3 1.8 -1.5 1.8

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.121 -0.3 -1.0 0.7 -0.1 -1.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.418 -7.2 -0.1 -1.1 -1.6 -0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.204 -12.1 -0.1 -3.1 -1.0 -0.1

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.098 0.2 -0.1 -0.7 -1.9 -0.5

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.049 -3.3 0.2 0.4 -3.2 0.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.067 -4.1 -0.5 0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.651 -0.8 0.5 -0.4 -0.5 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.175 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.323 -1.1 0.6 -0.7 -0.5 0.6

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.837 -0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.2

Household cleaning products(2)

0.328 -1.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.229 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.3

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.280 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 0.2

Apparel

3.101 -0.6 1.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.762 -1.2 1.5 1.6 -0.3 0.3

Men's apparel

0.605 -0.3 2.3 -0.5 0.6 1.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.099 -1.3 3.2 -0.3 3.2 4.2

Men's furnishings

0.194 2.5 2.6 -1.6 2.6 2.9

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.170 -5.3 1.3 0.5 -1.5 -2.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 3.0 2.3 -1.0 0.0 3.7

Boys' apparel

0.157 -4.7 -1.3 9.6 -1.4 -5.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 -0.4 1.9 -0.5 -1.0 0.0

Women's apparel

1.059 -0.5 2.1 -0.9 -0.9 0.2

Women's outerwear

0.073 3.2 2.7 -3.8 -5.1 -2.2

Women's dresses

0.157 -0.3 1.5 -4.9 -2.6 0.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.478 -3.2 1.0 -0.5 -0.4 -0.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.341 2.6 3.6 1.6 -0.5 2.8

Girls' apparel

0.212 -0.1 1.3 1.2 -1.2 -1.1

Footwear

0.682 -2.1 0.2 -0.5 -0.3 -0.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.210 -0.7 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 -0.2 1.0 -1.1 3.0 -0.9

Women's footwear

0.301 -4.1 -0.2 -2.0 -1.5 -1.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.156 2.8 -1.9 -0.3 7.0 -2.4

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.230 3.3 -0.1 0.5 1.0 0.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.085 8.3 1.9 1.7 -0.3 1.9

Jewelry(6)

0.145 0.4 -1.3 0.4 1.2 0.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

5.948 -1.8 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

New vehicles

3.543 -1.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -1.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.2

New cars(3)

  -2.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3

New trucks(3)(11)

  -0.8 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

1.938 -2.9 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.377 -0.6 -0.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.7

Tires(1)

0.224 -2.0 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.153 1.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.4 -0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  2.1 0.2 -0.6 -0.9 0.2

Medical care commodities

1.842 0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.8 0.0

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.784 0.9 -0.2 0.2 -0.9 -0.2

Prescription drugs(8)

1.432 1.0 -0.3 0.2 -0.6 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.352 0.4 0.2 -0.5 -1.4 0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.059 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Recreation commodities(9)

1.716 -2.8 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.2

Video and audio products(9)

0.204 -5.9 -1.1 -1.5 -0.8 -1.5

Televisions

0.096 -10.3 -2.6 -2.0 -1.5 -3.3

Other video equipment(2)

0.024 -4.0 2.6 -2.7 -1.3 1.6

Audio equipment(1)

0.054 -4.6 -0.2 -0.7 1.3 -0.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.023 6.4 -0.8 -0.7 -2.1 -0.8

Pets and pet products(1)

0.569 -0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -1.0 -0.3 0.7 -0.7 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 0.3 -0.8 -0.1 0.3

Sporting goods

0.417 -1.9 -0.1 -0.6 0.3 0.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.218 -2.4 0.3 -1.6 0.5 0.3

Sports equipment

0.190 -1.4 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.7

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.039 1.5 -0.1 0.2 1.0 0.5

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.2 0.1 0.9 0.7

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.148 -0.8 -1.9 -0.5 1.0 -1.9

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.088 0.6 -3.4 -1.0 1.1 -3.4

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.060 -2.7 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.340 -6.5 0.3 -0.3 0.3 0.5

Toys

0.270 -8.0 0.0 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -7.4 0.2 -0.8 1.2 0.0

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 2.5 3.7 1.3 -0.6 3.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.033 0.6 0.2 -0.5 0.7 0.2

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.586 -2.6 0.2 -0.8 -1.2 0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.158 -1.3 0.6 -1.3 -1.5 0.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  -0.6 0.7 -0.1 -1.9 0.7

Information technology commodities(9)

0.428 -3.2 0.0 -0.6 -1.1 0.0

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.260 -3.3 0.2 -0.4 -0.9 0.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.083 0.1 1.9 -1.1 -1.9 1.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.084 -5.8 -2.3 -0.7 -1.2 -2.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.940 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.577 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 2.0 0.5 0.3 0.8 0.0

Distilled spirits at home

0.072 -0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -1.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(3)

  -0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Wine at home

0.238 0.1 0.4 -0.5 0.7 0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.364 1.7 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Other goods(9)

1.540 3.0 1.0 -0.4 0.5 0.9

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 7.6 1.6 -0.1 0.4 1.6

Cigarettes(2)

0.618 7.7 1.6 -0.2 0.4 1.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.046 6.2 1.1 0.9 0.4 1.1

Personal care products(1)

0.681 -0.6 0.1 -0.6 0.5 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.363 -0.3 0.1 -1.1 1.1 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.312 -1.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.177 0.2 2.1 -0.6 0.6 1.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  2.4 3.0 -1.1 1.7 1.7

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -2.7 0.8 0.2 -0.2 0.8

Services less energy services

59.977 2.7 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.731 3.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Rent of shelter(13)

33.392 3.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.895 3.7 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.922 1.4 -0.5 4.4 1.5 1.6

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.121 2.3 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 1.2 -0.6 5.1 1.7 1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

24.575 3.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

23.451 3.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.339 1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.174 3.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.891 3.4 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.283 2.7 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Household operations(1)(2)

0.851 3.2 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.7

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.282 2.7 0.0     0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.279 2.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.115 5.9 5.1 1.3 1.0 6.0

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.091 5.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Medical care services

6.635 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Professional services

3.088 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.3

Physicians' services(8)

1.650 -0.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.2

Dental services(8)

0.810 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.315 0.6 0.2 1.4 -0.1 0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(8)(6)

0.313 2.5 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.553 4.5 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.5

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.285 4.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  3.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  4.8 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.194 3.2 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.074 -1.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.994 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Transportation services

5.930 4.2 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(12)

0.538 1.6 1.0 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.102 -4.2 -5.3 -2.1 -2.8 -2.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.157 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.672 3.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.386 2.2 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.559 8.2 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.1

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.521 1.8 0.2 0.2 -0.5 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.280 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.230 2.4 0.5 0.4 -1.0 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.054 0.2 2.0 -0.3 0.4 0.6

Airline fares

0.596 -1.3 3.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.174 2.0 0.8 -0.3 1.0 1.4

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

    -0.6 -3.3 -1.3 -0.6

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

  3.8 1.6 -0.6 -1.2 1.6

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.9

Intracity transportation(1)

0.280 2.8 0.3 0.2 1.6 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  2.8 0.3 0.5 1.8 0.3

Recreation services(9)

3.933 3.7 -0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Video and audio services(9)

1.678 5.8 -0.3 0.9 0.5 -0.2

Cable and satellite television service(11)

1.580 6.2 -0.3 0.8 0.5 -0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.099 -0.2 0.8 1.9 0.3 0.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -2.0 0.1 2.5 1.2 0.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.369 1.9 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.0

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.048 -1.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.5 -0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  -1.1 0.0 0.1 -0.7 0.0

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  -1.8 -1.1 0.1 2.1 -1.1

Other recreation services(2)

1.837 2.4 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.646 3.0 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.6

Admissions

0.642 1.6 -0.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 -0.3 1.0 -0.5 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -1.7 -0.5 -0.9 -0.1 -0.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.224 3.2 0.1 -0.4 0.4 0.1

Education and communication services(9)

6.104 -1.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.035 2.3 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.798 2.2 0.3 -0.3 0.6 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.319 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.744 1.9 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.042 3.4 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.137 3.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Postage

0.130 3.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Delivery services(2)

0.007 6.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 1.2

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.234 -7.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.516 -10.8 0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.4

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.718 1.9 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.687 -1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.619 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.604 1.9 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.604 1.9 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

1.014 2.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Legal services(1)(6)

0.243 1.4 0.0 -0.6 -0.2 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.143 1.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.267 2.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.026 0.3 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 0.1

Financial services(6)

0.236 2.9 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  4.9 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, October 2017 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Sep.
2017
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016-
Oct.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017
Jul.
2017-
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017-
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2017-
Oct.
2017

All items less food

86.402 240.739 246.163 245.926 2.2 -0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1

All items less shelter

66.269 224.982 228.825 228.218 1.4 -0.3 0.4 0.7 0.0

All items less food and shelter

52.671 218.936 222.978 222.148 1.5 -0.4 0.5 0.8 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.988 225.768 226.824 227.349 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.050 230.991 232.332 232.991 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1

All items less medical care

91.522 230.813 235.793 235.602 2.1 -0.1 0.4 0.6 0.1

All items less energy

92.317 248.356 251.950 252.597 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities

36.289 180.306 182.903 182.116 1.0 -0.4 0.5 1.1 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.804 147.040 145.584 145.926 -0.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Commodities less food

22.690 149.983 152.380 151.197 0.8 -0.8 0.8 1.8 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

21.750 146.747 149.136 147.909 0.8 -0.8 0.8 1.8 -0.4

Services

63.711 302.307 309.830 310.283 2.6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.319 324.150 330.718 330.492 2.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Services less medical care services

57.076 287.359 294.785 295.186 2.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Durables

8.950 106.123 104.175 103.838 -2.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1

Nondurables

27.338 217.516 223.085 222.048 2.1 -0.5 0.7 1.7 -0.3

Nondurables less food

13.740 191.602 199.202 197.068 2.9 -1.1 1.5 3.3 -0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.800 188.364 196.273 193.973 3.0 -1.2 1.6 3.5 -0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.699 228.822 243.070 238.448 4.2 -1.9 2.4 5.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.639 229.034 242.167 238.034 3.9 -1.7 2.3 4.7 -0.5

Housing

42.750 246.264 252.984 253.125 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.690 138.979 136.189 136.502 -1.8 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Education(2)

3.193 251.173 255.783 256.435 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Communication(2)

3.497 78.113 73.994 74.147 -5.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.359 74.299 70.145 70.295 -5.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.125 7.684 7.542 7.542 -1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Recreation(2)

5.649 116.713 118.870 118.663 1.7 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.883 100.207 104.994 104.636 4.4 -0.3 0.6 0.4 -0.4

Pets, pet products and services(2)

0.938 170.066 170.500 170.556 0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Photography(2)

0.088 76.654 76.839 76.667 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.7 0.1

Food and beverages

14.538 247.861 250.735 251.130 1.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.536 246.312 247.431 247.806 0.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Other services

11.656 346.717 348.502 348.774 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.420 123.112 121.273 122.927 -0.2 1.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Fuels and utilities

5.101 230.610 241.574 237.015 2.8 -1.9 0.1 0.1 0.4

Household energy

3.927 192.498 202.677 197.585 2.6 -2.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

Medical care

8.478 469.230 476.485 477.121 1.7 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Transportation

15.634 196.185 204.775 202.457 3.2 -1.1 1.4 2.8 -0.5

Private transportation

14.581 191.218 200.487 197.766 3.4 -1.4 1.5 3.0 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.211 99.112 97.831 97.476 -1.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.776 214.557 217.150 215.443 0.4 -0.8 0.0 0.3 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

3.918 121.390 120.014 120.237 -0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

3.159 425.524 434.057 436.252 2.5 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.5

Personal care

2.477 225.295 227.454 227.947 1.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, October 2017 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Oct. 2017 from: Percent change to Sep. 2017 from:
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2016
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017

U.S. city average

M

2.0 0.5 -0.1 2.2 0.8 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast urban

M

1.5 0.4 -0.1 1.9 0.8 0.5

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.7 0.4 -0.2 2.1 0.8 0.6

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

1.0 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.8 0.4

Midwest urban

M

1.5 0.1 -0.2 1.5 0.5 0.3

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.6 0.1 -0.2 1.7 0.5 0.3

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

1.3 0.2 -0.1 1.3 0.6 0.3

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)(4)

M

1.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.7 0.0 -0.3

South urban

M

2.0 0.5 -0.2 2.4 1.1 0.7

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.4 0.6 -0.2 2.7 1.3 0.9

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

1.9 0.5 -0.2 2.3 1.1 0.7

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)(4)

M

1.0 -0.3 -0.7 1.6 0.9 0.4

West urban

M

2.9 0.8 0.3 2.9 0.7 0.5

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

3.0 0.8 0.3 3.0 0.6 0.5

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

2.7 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.8 0.5

Size classes

A(5)

M

2.3 0.5 -0.1 2.5 0.8 0.6

B/C(3)

M

1.8 0.5 0.0 2.0 0.9 0.5

D(4)

M

1.5 0.0 -0.2 1.7 0.7 0.2

Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI

M

1.6 0.0 -0.4 2.1 0.7 0.4

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA(6)

M

3.1 0.8 0.4 3.1 0.7 0.4

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA

M

1.8 0.3 -0.2 2.1 0.7 0.5

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT

1

      2.7 1.2  

Cleveland-Akron, OH(4)

1

      1.8 0.6  

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

1

      3.2 1.5  

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV(7)(8)

1

      1.7 0.9  

Atlanta, GA

2

3.2 -0.3        

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

2

2.0 0.9        

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

2

2.3 0.9        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

2

2.7 1.0        

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.8 0.0        

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA

2

2.7 0.6        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

2

3.0 0.5        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) This index will be discontinued after December, 2017.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) Los Angeles and Riverside will have separate indexes beginning January, 2018. The Los Angeles index will continue to be published monthly. A Riverside index will be published for odd months beginning January, 2018.
(7) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
(8) This index will be discontinued after December, 2017. Washington DC and Baltimore will have separate indexes beginning January, 2018. A Washington DC index will be published for odd months beginning January, 2018. A Baltimore index will be published for even months beginning February, 2018.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, October 2017 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

January 2015

-0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

February 2015

0.4 0.4 -0.4 0.0

March 2015

0.7 0.6 -0.3 -0.1

April 2015

0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.2

May 2015

0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.0

June 2015

0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1

July 2015

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

August 2015

-0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

September 2015

-0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

October 2015

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

November 2015

-0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.5

December 2015

-0.4 -0.3 0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.1 0.1 2.2 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 2.0 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.6 1.9

June 2017

0.1 0.1 1.3 1.6

July 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.5 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 1.9

September 2017

0.6 0.5 2.2 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2017, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2017
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep. 2017-
Oct. 2017
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2017-
Oct. 2017(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.03 S-Jul. 2017 0.1

Food

13.598 0.0 0.006 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Food at home

7.814 0.0 -0.001 0.11 - -

Cereals and bakery products

1.046 -0.5 -0.005 0.23 S-Nov. 2015 -0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.347 -0.4 -0.001 0.42 S-Jun. 2017 -0.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 0.9 0.000 0.68 L-Jul. 2017 1.6

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.179 -0.2 0.000 0.63 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.126 0.1 0.000 0.71 L-Aug. 2017 1.0

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.76 L-Oct. 2016 2.7

Bakery products(4)

0.699 -0.4 -0.003 0.29 S-Jul. 2017 -0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.207 -0.6 -0.001 0.51 L-Aug. 2017 0.9

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.72 S-Jul. 2017 -1.0

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.78 L-Aug. 2017 1.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.102 -0.2 0.000 0.63 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.169 -0.6 -0.001 0.49 - -

Cookies(6)

  -0.4   0.78 L-Aug. 2017 1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.4   0.77 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Other bakery products

0.220 -1.2 -0.003 0.56 S-Apr. 2017 -1.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.8   1.10 S-Apr. 2017 -2.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.0   0.95 S-Aug. 2017 -1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.2   0.96 S-Feb. 2017 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.744 0.6 0.010 0.24 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.647 0.2 0.003 0.24 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Meats

1.048 0.0 0.000 0.28 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Beef and veal

0.467 -0.8 -0.004 0.43 S-Oct. 2016 -1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.193 -1.2 -0.002 0.56 S-Dec. 2016 -1.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.063 -2.3 -0.001 1.03 S-Sep. 2016 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.163 0.9 0.001 0.82 L-Jul. 2017 1.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.047 -1.2 -0.001 0.89 L-Aug. 2017 0.5

Pork

0.334 0.3 0.001 0.50 S-Aug. 2017 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.147 -1.1 -0.002 0.71 S-May 2017 -1.6

Bacon and related products(6)

  -2.1   1.07 S-Feb. 2016 -2.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.3   1.07 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Ham

0.060 3.2 0.002 1.03 L-Mar. 2017 3.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  3.2   1.14 L-Jul. 2017 3.3

Pork chops(4)

0.052 0.3 0.000 1.31 L-Aug. 2017 2.0

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.075 0.8 0.001 1.04 - -

Other meats

0.247 1.0 0.002 0.52 L-Jul. 2017 2.4

Frankfurters(6)

  2.8   1.86 L-Jul. 2017 6.3

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.6   0.61 L-Jul. 2017 2.0

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.339 0.2 0.001 0.60 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 0.1 0.000 0.68 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.7   1.68 L-Jun. 2017 0.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.1   0.90 L-Aug. 2017 0.6

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 0.7 0.000 0.83 L-Jun. 2016 0.7

Fish and seafood

0.261 1.3 0.003 0.55 L-May 2017 1.7

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.141 0.9 0.001 0.84 L-Jun. 2017 1.1

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.120 1.6 0.002 0.62 L-May 2017 2.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.4   0.87 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  2.5   0.88 L-Feb. 2017 4.5

Eggs

0.097 6.7 0.006 0.94 L-Jan. 2017 14.3

Dairy and related products

0.795 -0.3 -0.003 0.26 L-Jul. 2017 0.3

Milk(4)(5)

0.221 0.3 0.001 0.35 L-Dec. 2016 1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.2   0.48 S-Aug. 2017 -1.5

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.9   0.57 L-Sep. 2016 1.0

Cheese and related products

0.258 0.6 0.001 0.47 L-Feb. 2017 1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.113 -0.6 -0.001 0.76 L-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.203 -0.6 -0.001 0.58 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 0.0 0.001 0.28 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.046 0.1 0.001 0.33 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Fresh fruits

0.570 -0.1 -0.001 0.48 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Apples

0.090 0.0 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2017 -1.7

Bananas(4)

0.081 0.6 0.000 0.70 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Citrus fruits(5)

0.168 3.0 0.005 0.95 L-Jun. 2017 4.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  5.0   1.35 L-Jun. 2017 6.3

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.231 -3.0 -0.007 0.86 S-Dec. 2016 -3.2

Fresh vegetables

0.477 0.4 0.002 0.55 L-May 2017 0.5

Potatoes

0.081 2.7 0.002 1.11 L-Aug. 2013 4.7

Lettuce

0.062 2.5 0.002 1.38 L-Apr. 2017 18.0

Tomatoes(4)

0.080 0.5 0.000 1.30 S-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.254 0.4 0.001 0.82 L-Aug. 2017 0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.286 -0.2 0.000 0.45 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 -1.3 -0.002 0.58 S-Jan. 2017 -1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.77 S-Jul. 2017 -1.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.5   0.80 S-Jan. 2017 -1.6

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.085 1.8 0.002 0.93 L-Oct. 2016 2.0

Frozen vegetables(6)

  3.0   1.27 L-Oct. 2011 3.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.052 -0.1 0.000 0.81 S-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.82 L-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.936 0.0 0.000 0.34 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.660 -0.4 -0.002 0.42 S-Jun. 2017 -0.6

Carbonated drinks

0.266 0.3 0.001 0.75 S-Jul. 2017 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.011 0.2 0.000 0.58 L-Jul. 2017 3.9

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.384 -0.5 -0.002 0.50 S-Jun. 2017 -0.8

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.276 0.6 0.002 0.51 S-Aug. 2017 -1.8

Coffee

0.174 -0.3 -0.001 0.72 S-Aug. 2017 -1.5

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.3   0.96 S-Aug. 2017 -2.4

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.6   1.06 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.102 2.1 0.002 0.65 L-Oct. 2008 2.2

Other food at home

1.960 -0.2 -0.003 0.20 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.285 -0.5 -0.001 0.47 S-Feb. 2017 -0.6

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 -0.6 0.000 0.71 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.180 -0.3 -0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

Other sweets(5)

0.055 0.0 0.000 0.67 L-Jul. 2017 0.2

Fats and oils

0.233 -0.3 -0.001 0.42 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Butter and margarine(5)

0.069 -0.9 -0.001 0.81 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

Butter(6)

  -2.0   1.05 - -

Margarine(6)

  -0.7   0.89 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Salad dressing(5)

0.056 -0.8 0.000 0.83 S-Aug. 2017 -2.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.109 1.0 0.001 0.56 S-Aug. 2017 -1.4

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.93 S-Aug. 2017 -3.1

Other foods

1.442 -0.1 -0.001 0.25 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Soups

0.093 -0.7 -0.001 0.95 S-Jun. 2017 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.252 0.4 0.001 0.60 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Snacks(4)

0.325 0.5 0.001 0.66 L-Aug. 2017 1.4

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.284 -0.3 -0.001 0.55 S-May 2017 -0.5

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.81 S-Nov. 2016 -1.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   1.20 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.4   0.81 L-Aug. 2017 1.4

Other condiments(6)

  -1.5   0.80 S-Aug. 2017 -1.5

Baby food(4)(5)

0.055 -0.3 0.000 0.64 S-May 2017 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.433 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-Aug. 2017 -1.1

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  1.9   0.71 L-Oct. 2016 3.6

Food away from home(4)

5.784 0.1 0.007 0.04 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.799 0.2 0.006 0.05 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.462 0.2 0.005 0.07 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.199 -2.7 -0.005 0.15 S-Jun. 2017 -2.7

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -4.0   0.06 S-EVER -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.082 0.2 0.000 0.17 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.244 0.1 0.000 0.04 S-Jul. 2017 0.0

Energy

7.683 -1.0 -0.074 0.09 S-Jun. 2017 -1.6

Energy commodities

3.949 -2.3 -0.090 0.15 S-Jun. 2017 -2.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.193 0.6 0.001 0.39 S-Jul. 2017 -1.2

Fuel oil(4)

0.104 2.3 0.002 0.48 S-Jul. 2017 -2.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.088 -0.5 0.000 0.63 S-Jun. 2017 -0.6

Motor fuel

3.756 -2.5 -0.092 0.15 S-Jun. 2017 -2.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.702 -2.4 -0.089 0.16 S-Jun. 2017 -2.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -2.6   0.65 S-Jun. 2017 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -1.3   0.63 S-Jun. 2017 -2.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -0.9   0.56 S-Jul. 2017 -1.6

Other motor fuels(5)

0.054 0.0 0.000 0.23 S-Jul. 2017 -1.8

Energy services(11)

3.734 0.4 0.016 0.08 L-May 2017 0.7

Electricity(11)

2.935 0.5 0.013 0.09 L-Apr. 2017 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.800 0.3 0.003 0.10 L-May 2017 1.9

All items less food and energy

78.719 0.2 0.177 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

18.741 0.1 0.010 0.08 L-Jan. 2017 0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.067 -0.2 -0.008 0.15 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.247 0.4 0.001 0.60 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 0.2 0.000 0.54 L-May 2017 0.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.050 0.6 0.000 1.05 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Other linens(4)(5)

0.140 0.5 0.001 0.91 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Furniture and bedding

0.739 -0.8 -0.006 0.34 S-Mar. 2017 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.266 -1.5 -0.004 0.42 S-Jul. 2015 -1.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.347 0.3 0.001 0.47 L-Jun. 2017 0.5

Other furniture(5)

0.121 -1.1 -0.001 0.67 S-Jul. 2017 -1.9

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.55 - -

Appliances(5)

0.176 -0.5 -0.001 0.60 - -

Major appliances(5)

0.053 0.3 0.000 0.72 L-Aug. 2017 0.8

Laundry equipment(6)

  1.8   1.15 L-Aug. 2017 1.8

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.121 -1.0 -0.001 0.79 S-Dec. 2016 -1.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.418 -0.3 -0.001 0.41 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.204 -0.1 0.000 0.57 L-Jun. 2017 1.5

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.098 -0.5 0.000 0.57 L-Jul. 2017 1.1

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.049 0.2 0.000 1.22 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.067 -0.4 0.000 0.60 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.651 0.4 0.002 0.22 L-Jun. 2016 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.175 0.2 0.000 0.42 L-May 2017 0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.323 0.6 0.002 0.26 L-Oct. 2015 0.6

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.837 0.2 0.002 0.22 L-Apr. 2017 0.5

Household cleaning products(5)

0.328 0.4 0.001 0.36 L-Apr. 2017 1.6

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.229 -0.3 -0.001 0.43 S-Jul. 2017 -0.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.280 0.2 0.001 0.38 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Apparel

3.101 -0.1 -0.003 0.37 - -

Men's and boys' apparel

0.762 0.3 0.002 0.63 L-Aug. 2017 1.6

Men's apparel

0.605 1.6 0.010 0.67 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.099 4.2 0.004 1.50 L-EVER -

Men's furnishings

0.194 2.9 0.006 1.34 L-Jan. 2017 3.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.170 -2.4 -0.004 1.09 S-Apr. 2017 -4.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 3.7 0.005 1.28 L-Oct. 2013 10.5

Boys' apparel

0.157 -5.0 -0.008 1.60 S-EVER -

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 0.0 0.000 0.62 L-Jul. 2017 1.2

Women's apparel

1.059 0.2 0.002 0.69 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Women's outerwear

0.073 -2.2 -0.002 2.01 L-Jul. 2017 2.6

Women's dresses

0.157 0.4 0.001 1.69 L-Jul. 2017 3.3

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.478 -0.7 -0.003 0.82 S-May 2017 -1.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.341 2.8 0.010 1.16 L-Feb. 2009 4.6

Girls' apparel

0.212 -1.1 -0.002 1.60 L-Aug. 2017 1.2

Footwear

0.682 -0.5 -0.004 0.60 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.210 0.2 0.000 1.01 L-Aug. 2017 1.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 -0.9 -0.002 1.05 S-Aug. 2017 -1.1

Women's footwear

0.301 -1.0 -0.003 0.90 L-Jun. 2017 1.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.156 -2.4 -0.004 1.33 S-Mar. 2017 -2.8

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.230 0.8 0.002 1.25 S-Aug. 2017 0.5

Watches(4)(9)

0.085 1.9 0.002 1.51 L-Jul. 2017 3.0

Jewelry(9)

0.145 0.2 0.000 1.40 S-Jul. 2017 -2.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

5.948 0.1 0.003 0.07 L-Jan. 2017 0.4

New vehicles

3.543 -0.2 -0.008 0.12 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.15 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

New cars(6)

  -0.3   0.17 L-Aug. 2017 -0.2

New trucks(14)(6)

  -0.2   0.15 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Used cars and trucks

1.938 0.7 0.014 0.02 L-May 2012 1.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.377 -0.7 -0.003 0.27 S-Nov. 2016 -0.8

Tires(4)

0.224 -1.1 -0.002 0.33 S-Nov. 2016 -1.3

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.153 0.0 0.000 0.42 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.36 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.2   0.83 L-Jul. 2017 2.5

Medical care commodities

1.842 0.0 0.001 0.26 L-Jul. 2017 1.0

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.784 -0.2 -0.004 0.27 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Prescription drugs(11)

1.432 -0.2 -0.003 0.33 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.352 0.2 0.001 0.46 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.059 -0.2 0.000 0.54 S-Jul. 2017 -0.6

Recreation commodities(12)

1.716 -0.2 -0.004 0.17 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Video and audio products(12)

0.204 -1.5 -0.003 0.54 S-Aug. 2017 -1.5

Televisions

0.096 -3.3 -0.003 0.85 S-Nov. 2016 -4.1

Other video equipment(5)

0.024 1.6 0.000 0.67 L-Jun. 2015 1.6

Audio equipment(4)

0.054 -0.2 0.000 1.01 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.023 -0.8 0.000 0.72 L-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Pets and pet products(4)

0.569 0.1 0.001 0.26 L-Jul. 2017 0.2

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.30 L-Aug. 2017 0.7

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.48 L-Jul. 2017 0.6

Sporting goods

0.417 0.0 0.000 0.29 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.218 0.3 0.001 0.37 S-Aug. 2017 -1.6

Sports equipment

0.190 -0.7 -0.001 0.46 S-May 2017 -0.7

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.039 0.5 0.000 0.73 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.7   0.80 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.148 -1.9 -0.003 0.67 S-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.088 -3.4 -0.003 0.85 S-EVER -

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.060 0.2 0.000 0.95 S-Jun. 2017 -1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.340 0.5 0.002 0.38 L-Feb. 2014 0.7

Toys

0.270 0.3 0.001 0.43 - -

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.0   0.49 S-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 3.7 0.001 1.25 L-Oct. 2016 5.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.033 0.2 0.000 0.26 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.586 0.1 0.001 0.31 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Educational books and supplies

0.158 0.5 0.001 0.42 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  0.7   0.50 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Information technology commodities(12)

0.428 0.0 0.000 0.39 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.260 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Jul. 2017 1.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.083 1.9 0.002 1.26 L-May 2017 2.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.084 -2.3 -0.002 0.59 S-Dec. 2015 -2.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.940 0.1 0.001 0.13 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.577 0.2 0.001 0.21 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Distilled spirits at home

0.072 0.1 0.000 0.35 S-Jul. 2017 -0.5

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.3   0.49 L-Mar. 2017 1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(6)

  0.1   0.52 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Wine at home

0.238 0.2 0.000 0.41 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.364 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.19 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.09 L-Jun. 2017 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.14 - -

Other goods(12)

1.540 0.9 0.014 0.17 L-Apr. 2017 1.9

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 1.6 0.011 0.14 L-Apr. 2017 4.2

Cigarettes(5)

0.618 1.6 0.010 0.15 L-Apr. 2017 4.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.046 1.1 0.001 0.34 L-Dec. 2016 1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.681 0.1 0.001 0.31 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.363 0.1 0.000 0.40 S-Aug. 2017 -1.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.312 0.1 0.000 0.43 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.177 1.2 0.002 0.56 L-Sep. 2016 2.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.7   0.57 - -

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.8   0.59 L-Jun. 2017 0.9

Services less energy services

59.977 0.3 0.170 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Shelter

33.731 0.3 0.114 0.05 - -

Rent of shelter(16)

33.392 0.3 0.114 0.05 - -

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.895 0.3 0.022 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

0.922 1.6 0.014 1.49 L-Aug. 2017 4.4

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.121 0.1 0.000 0.10 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 1.8 0.014 1.71 L-Aug. 2017 5.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

24.575 0.3 0.079 0.03 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

23.451 0.3 0.076 0.03 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.339 -0.3 -0.001 0.14 S-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.174 0.3 0.003 0.08 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.891 0.2 0.001 0.10 S-Aug. 2017 0.0

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.283 0.7 0.002 0.06 L-Nov. 2016 0.7

Household operations(4)(5)

0.851 0.7 0.006 0.11 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.282 0.0 0.000 0.03 S-Dec. 2016 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.279 0.0 0.000 0.13 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.115 6.0 0.007 0.65 L-EVER -

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.091 -0.1 0.000 0.23 S-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Medical care services

6.635 0.3 0.021 0.07 L-Jul. 2017 0.3

Professional services

3.088 0.3 0.008 0.09 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Physicians' services(11)

1.650 0.2 0.003 0.09 - -

Dental services(11)

0.810 0.2 0.002 0.16 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.315 0.2 0.001 0.29 L-Aug. 2017 1.4

Services by other medical professionals(4)(11)(9)

0.313 0.2 0.001 0.22 S-Aug. 2017 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.553 0.5 0.013 0.11 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.285 0.5 0.012 0.12 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  0.5   0.25 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  0.4   0.35 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.194 0.7 0.001 0.11 L-Jun. 2017 1.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.074 0.2 0.000 0.12 L-Feb. 2017 1.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.994 0.0 0.000 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

Transportation services

5.930 0.2 0.014 0.11 S-Jul. 2017 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(15)

0.538 0.2 0.001 0.48 L-May 2017 1.0

Car and truck rental(5)

0.102 -2.5 -0.003 1.88 L-Aug. 2017 -2.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.157 0.4 0.004 0.16 S-Aug. 2017 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.2 0.000 0.19 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.672 0.3 0.002 0.21 S-Jul. 2017 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.386 0.5 0.002 0.18 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.559 0.1 0.004 0.13 S-Apr. 2017 -0.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.521 0.2 0.001 0.12 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.280 0.0 0.000 0.02 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.230 0.5 0.001 0.13 L-Jul. 2017 0.6

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.17 S-Oct. 2005 -1.4

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.054 0.6 0.006 0.37 L-Feb. 2017 1.4

Airline fares

0.596 0.6 0.004 0.58 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Other intercity transportation

0.174 1.4 0.002 0.57 L-May 2016 2.2

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -0.6   0.89 L-Jul. 2017 4.6

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

  1.6   0.92 L-Dec. 2016 6.5

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.87 L-Jul. 2017 1.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.280 0.3 0.001 0.04 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.3   0.07 S-Jul. 2017 -1.3

Recreation services(12)

3.933 -0.1 -0.003 0.16 S-Aug. 2014 -0.3

Video and audio services(12)

1.678 -0.2 -0.004 0.13 S-Sep. 2016 -0.2

Cable and satellite television service(14)

1.580 -0.3 -0.004 0.12 S-Oct. 2012 -0.4

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.099 0.8 0.001 0.95 L-Aug. 2017 1.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   1.51 S-Jul. 2017 -3.0

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.23 - -

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.369 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.19 S-May 2017 -0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.1   0.15 - -

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.048 -0.3 0.000 0.31 S-May 2017 -0.3

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.06 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.48 S-Jan. 2017 -1.1

Other recreation services(5)

1.837 0.0 0.001 0.30 - -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.646 0.6 0.004 0.29 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Admissions

0.642 -0.4 -0.003 0.62 S-Jun. 2017 -0.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.54 L-Aug. 2017 1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   2.29 S-Aug. 2017 -0.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.224 0.1 0.000 0.25 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Education and communication services(12)

6.104 0.2 0.014 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.035 0.3 0.008 0.05 - -

College tuition and fees

1.798 0.3 0.006 0.06 S-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.319 0.4 0.001 0.04 L-Jun. 2017 0.4

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.744 0.2 0.002 0.06 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.042 0.1 0.000 0.08 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.137 0.1 0.000 0.02 - -

Postage

0.130 0.1 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.007 1.2 0.000 0.37 L-Jan. 2017 2.8

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.234 0.3 0.007 0.11 L-Nov. 2015 0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.516 0.4 0.007 0.12 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.718 0.0 0.000 0.20 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.687 -0.3 -0.002 0.44 S-Jul. 2017 -1.1

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.619 0.1 0.001 0.08 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.604 0.1 0.001 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 0.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.604 0.1 0.001 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 0.5

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

1.014 0.0 0.000 0.13 - -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.243 0.0 0.000 0.12 L-Jun. 2017 1.2

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.143 0.0 0.000 0.09 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.267 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.026 0.1 0.000 0.10 L-Jun. 2017 1.1

Financial services(9)

0.236 0.2 0.000 0.27 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.10 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.3   0.35 L-Aug. 2017 0.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.402 0.1 0.103 0.04 S-Jul. 2017 0.1

All items less shelter

66.269 0.0 -0.006 0.03 S-Jun. 2017 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.671 0.0 -0.011 0.04 S-Jun. 2017 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.988 0.1 0.063 0.05 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.050 0.1 0.049 0.05 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

All items less medical care

91.522 0.1 0.087 0.03 S-Jul. 2017 0.1

All items less energy

92.317 0.2 0.182 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Commodities

36.289 -0.2 -0.075 0.05 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.804 0.0 -0.004 0.09 L-Jul. 2017 0.0

Commodities less food

22.690 -0.4 -0.080 0.07 S-Jun. 2017 -0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

21.750 -0.4 -0.082 0.07 S-Jun. 2017 -0.5

Services

63.711 0.3 0.186 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.319 0.3 0.085 0.04 L-Feb. 2017 0.4

Services less medical care services

57.076 0.3 0.188 0.05 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Durables

8.950 -0.1 -0.008 0.07 L-May 2017 -0.1

Nondurables

27.338 -0.3 -0.074 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 -0.5

Nondurables less food

13.740 -0.4 -0.059 0.11 S-Jun. 2017 -0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.800 -0.5 -0.062 0.12 S-Jun. 2017 -1.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.699 -0.5 -0.050 0.09 S-Jun. 2017 -1.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.639 -0.5 -0.048 0.08 S-Jun. 2017 -1.4

Housing

42.750 0.3 0.135 0.06 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Education and communication(5)

6.690 0.2 0.014 0.07 L-Nov. 2016 0.2

Education(5)

3.193 0.3 0.009 0.05 - -

Communication(5)

3.497 0.1 0.005 0.13 L-Nov. 2016 0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.359 0.2 0.005 0.13 L-Nov. 2016 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.125 -0.2 -0.002 0.32 L-Aug. 2017 -0.2

Recreation(5)

5.649 -0.1 -0.006 0.12 S-Jun. 2017 -0.1

Video and audio(5)

1.883 -0.4 -0.007 0.15 S-Sep. 2016 -0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

0.938 0.1 0.001 0.16 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Photography(5)

0.088 0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Food and beverages

14.538 0.0 0.007 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.536 0.0 0.000 0.11 L-Jul. 2017 0.3

Other services

11.656 0.1 0.012 0.07 S-Jun. 2017 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.420 0.0 0.000 0.42 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Fuels and utilities

5.101 0.4 0.021 0.06 L-May 2017 0.5

Household energy

3.927 0.5 0.017 0.07 L-May 2017 0.5

Medical care

8.478 0.3 0.022 0.09 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Transportation

15.634 -0.5 -0.075 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 -0.7

Private transportation

14.581 -0.6 -0.081 0.06 S-Jun. 2017 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.211 0.1 0.004 0.09 L-Jan. 2017 0.3

Utilities and public transportation

9.776 0.3 0.027 0.07 - -

Household furnishings and operations

3.918 0.0 0.001 0.13 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Other goods and services

3.159 0.5 0.015 0.09 L-Apr. 2017 1.0

Personal care

2.477 0.2 0.004 0.11 L-Jul. 2017 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2017, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2017
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Oct. 2016-
Oct. 2017
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Oct. 2016-
Oct. 2017(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.0   0.06 S-Aug. 2017 1.9

Food

13.598 1.3 0.182 0.09 L-Nov. 2015 1.3

Food at home

7.814 0.6 0.047 0.14 L-Oct. 2015 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

1.046 -0.6 -0.006 0.30 S-Apr. 2017 -0.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.347 -1.3 -0.005 0.57 S-Jul. 2017 -2.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.5 0.000 0.80 L-Mar. 2017 -0.1

Breakfast cereal

0.179 -1.1 -0.002 0.87 S-Jul. 2017 -1.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.126 -1.9 -0.003 1.01 S-Jul. 2017 -2.9

Rice(4)(5)

  -1.7   1.43 S-Jul. 2017 -2.3

Bakery products

0.699 -0.2 -0.002 0.35 S-Apr. 2017 -0.2

Bread(4)

0.207 -0.8 -0.002 0.73 S-Jan. 2017 -0.9

White bread(5)

  -0.4   0.87 S-Jan. 2017 -0.6

Bread other than white(5)

  -0.9   1.12 S-Mar. 2017 -1.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.102 0.4 0.000 0.84 L-May 2017 0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.169 -0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Aug. 2016 -0.3

Cookies(5)

  -1.0   1.34 S-Aug. 2016 -1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  1.3   1.00 L-Jul. 2017 1.8

Other bakery products

0.220 0.0 0.000 0.67 S-Aug. 2017 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  2.1   1.58 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -0.5   1.19 S-Aug. 2017 -1.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -1.0   1.12 S-Feb. 2017 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.744 1.5 0.026 0.33 L-Aug. 2015 2.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.647 1.3 0.021 0.32 L-Jul. 2015 1.7

Meats

1.048 1.5 0.016 0.36 L-Jul. 2015 3.1

Beef and veal

0.467 0.9 0.004 0.46 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Uncooked ground beef

0.193 2.5 0.005 0.64 L-Jul. 2017 2.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.063 1.3 0.001 1.06 S-Aug. 2017 0.5

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.163 -1.1 -0.002 0.88 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.047 1.4 0.001 1.35 S-May 2017 1.2

Pork

0.334 3.6 0.012 0.76 L-Feb. 2015 5.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.147 7.4 0.010 1.08 S-Aug. 2017 6.0

Bacon and related products(5)

  11.8   1.42 S-Jul. 2017 6.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  2.3   1.23 L-Feb. 2015 3.2

Ham

0.060 3.5 0.002 1.78 L-Mar. 2015 6.3

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  3.6   1.83 L-Mar. 2015 6.1

Pork chops

0.052 -0.8 0.000 1.93 L-Aug. 2016 -0.5

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.075 -0.2 0.000 1.60 L-Mar. 2015 5.4

Other meats

0.247 0.1 0.000 0.74 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Frankfurters(5)

  5.1   2.77 S-Aug. 2017 3.2

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -1.4   0.69 L-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.339 0.3 0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2017 1.0

Chicken(4)

0.276 1.1 0.003 0.78 L-Aug. 2017 2.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  -1.8   1.86 L-Aug. 2017 0.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  2.0   1.15 S-Jun. 2017 0.3

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 -3.1 -0.002 1.46 L-May 2017 -0.7

Fish and seafood

0.261 1.4 0.004 0.93 L-Mar. 2017 1.7

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.141 -1.0 -0.001 1.61 L-Aug. 2017 1.1

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.120 4.3 0.005 1.08 L-Nov. 2014 4.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  2.3   1.12 L-Nov. 2014 2.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.9   1.13 L-Dec. 2014 5.2

Eggs

0.097 5.2 0.005 1.54 L-Feb. 2016 6.0

Dairy and related products

0.795 -0.5 -0.004 0.39 S-Jan. 2017 -0.5

Milk(4)

0.221 -3.2 -0.008 0.59 S-Sep. 2016 -3.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -4.7   1.11 S-Jul. 2016 -7.0

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -2.3   0.80 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Cheese and related products

0.258 0.8 0.002 0.61 S-Jul. 2017 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.113 0.1 0.000 1.13 S-Jun. 2017 -1.0

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.203 0.8 0.002 0.86 S-Aug. 2017 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.332 1.4 0.019 0.44 L-Jul. 2016 1.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.046 2.3 0.024 0.54 L-Apr. 2016 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.570 1.6 0.009 0.82 S-Aug. 2017 1.3

Apples

0.090 3.7 0.003 1.70 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Bananas

0.081 -4.8 -0.004 1.03 L-Aug. 2017 -0.9

Citrus fruits(4)

0.168 6.0 0.010 1.54 L-Feb. 2017 6.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  10.5   1.85 L-May 2014 17.1

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.231 0.2 0.001 1.38 S-Mar. 2017 -0.8

Fresh vegetables

0.477 3.0 0.014 0.85 L-May 2017 3.0

Potatoes

0.081 3.3 0.003 2.00 L-Dec. 2016 5.2

Lettuce

0.062 7.8 0.005 2.05 L-Apr. 2017 14.3

Tomatoes

0.080 -4.3 -0.004 1.83 S-Mar. 2017 -8.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.254 4.2 0.011 1.15 L-Feb. 2016 7.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.286 -1.8 -0.005 0.68 S-Jul. 2017 -2.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.149 -3.5 -0.005 0.84 S-EVER -

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -2.3   1.16 S-Dec. 2010 -2.6

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  -4.0   0.98 S-EVER -

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.085 0.3 0.000 1.49 S-Jul. 2017 -0.3

Frozen vegetables(5)

  1.2   1.38 L-Jun. 2017 1.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.052 -0.1 0.000 1.57 L-Apr. 2016 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -2.7   1.49 L-Nov. 2016 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.936 0.7 0.007 0.44 L-Jun. 2017 0.8

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.660 0.7 0.005 0.56 S-Aug. 2017 0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.266 0.8 0.002 0.93 S-Aug. 2017 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.011 1.7 0.000 0.92 L-Aug. 2017 6.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.384 0.5 0.002 0.76 S-Aug. 2017 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.276 0.8 0.002 0.72 L-Aug. 2015 0.8

Coffee

0.174 0.4 0.001 0.88 L-May 2017 0.8

Roasted coffee(5)

  0.8   1.37 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Instant coffee(5)

  -0.5   1.26 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.102 1.5 0.002 0.97 L-May 2016 2.1

Other food at home

1.960 0.3 0.005 0.29 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Sugar and sweets

0.285 -0.1 0.000 0.74 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 0.6 0.000 1.13 S-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.180 -0.4 -0.001 1.01 L-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Other sweets(4)

0.055 0.7 0.000 1.32 S-Jan. 2017 -0.4

Fats and oils

0.233 1.5 0.003 0.69 L-Jul. 2017 1.9

Butter and margarine(4)

0.069 2.3 0.002 1.16 S-Jun. 2017 1.4

Butter(5)

  3.8   1.76 S-Jul. 2017 3.7

Margarine(5)

  2.3   1.89 S-Aug. 2017 2.0

Salad dressing(4)

0.056 -0.6 0.000 1.60 - -

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.109 2.1 0.002 0.73 L-Jul. 2017 2.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  0.6   1.24 S-Aug. 2017 -2.2

Other foods

1.442 0.1 0.002 0.35 S-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Soups

0.093 2.4 0.002 1.35 S-Aug. 2017 0.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.252 -1.2 -0.003 0.74 - -

Snacks

0.325 0.0 0.000 0.73 L-Apr. 2017 0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.284 0.9 0.002 0.86 L-Aug. 2017 0.9

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  0.3   1.54 S-Apr. 2017 -1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  0.3   1.96 L-Sep. 2016 0.4

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  1.4   1.25 L-Aug. 2017 1.7

Other condiments(5)

  -0.9   1.49 S-Jan. 2017 -1.5

Baby food(4)

0.055 1.0 0.001 1.36 S-Sep. 2016 0.6

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.433 -0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  0.9   1.20 S-Jun. 2017 0.3

Food away from home

5.784 2.3 0.135 0.12 S-Aug. 2017 2.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.799 2.4 0.067 0.15 L-Jun. 2017 2.4

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.462 2.6 0.063 0.19 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.199 -0.2 0.000 1.39 S-Jul. 2017 -2.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  -2.6   2.33 S-Aug. 2015 -2.8

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.082 1.9 0.002 0.95 S-Mar. 2016 1.9

Other food away from home(4)

0.244 1.5 0.004 0.39 S-Aug. 2017 1.2

Energy

7.683 6.4 0.455 0.13 S-Aug. 2017 6.4

Energy commodities

3.949 10.8 0.374 0.15 S-Aug. 2017 10.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.193 11.1 0.020 0.98 S-Aug. 2017 9.2

Fuel oil

0.104 11.7 0.011 0.51 S-Aug. 2017 9.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.088 10.5 0.009 2.24 S-Aug. 2017 9.0

Motor fuel

3.756 10.8 0.354 0.15 S-Aug. 2017 10.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.702 10.8 0.347 0.15 S-Aug. 2017 10.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  10.9   0.96 S-Aug. 2017 10.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  9.8   1.21 S-Aug. 2017 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  10.1   1.12 S-Aug. 2017 9.7

Other motor fuels(4)

0.054 14.2 0.007 0.30 S-Aug. 2017 9.0

Energy services(10)

3.734 2.2 0.081 0.20 - -

Electricity(10)

2.935 2.0 0.055 0.24 L-Aug. 2017 2.3

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.800 3.2 0.025 0.21 S-Sep. 2016 2.9

All items less food and energy

78.719 1.8 1.404 0.07 L-Apr. 2017 1.9

Commodities less food and energy commodities

18.741 -1.0 -0.190 0.19 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.067 -2.1 -0.066 0.34 S-Dec. 2016 -2.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.247 -3.6 -0.010 1.21 S-Aug. 2017 -4.7

Floor coverings(4)

0.056 -1.3 -0.001 1.53 L-Jul. 2017 -1.2

Window coverings(4)

0.050 -5.4 -0.003 2.25 S-Nov. 2015 -10.3

Other linens(4)

0.140 -3.9 -0.006 1.81 S-Aug. 2017 -6.1

Furniture and bedding

0.739 -1.2 -0.009 0.90 S-May 2017 -1.4

Bedroom furniture

0.266 0.5 0.001 1.57 S-Jul. 2017 -1.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.347 -2.3 -0.008 1.13 S-Sep. 2016 -2.6

Other furniture(4)

0.121 -1.8 -0.002 1.61 S-Mar. 2017 -2.1

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

      1.80 - -

Appliances(4)

0.176 -1.3 -0.002 1.08 L-Mar. 2013 -1.2

Major appliances(4)

0.053 -3.5 -0.002 1.27 L-Oct. 2013 -3.1

Laundry equipment(5)

  -0.5   1.51 L-Feb. 2013 0.4

Other appliances(4)

0.121 -0.3 0.000 1.64 S-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.418 -7.2 -0.033 0.90 L-Aug. 2017 -6.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.204 -12.1 -0.029 1.50 L-Jul. 2017 -10.2

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.098 0.2 0.000 1.34 S-Feb. 2017 -0.6

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.049 -3.3 -0.002 2.13 S-Jan. 2017 -4.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.067 -4.1 -0.003 1.41 S-Dec. 2015 -5.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.651 -0.8 -0.005 0.52 L-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.175 -0.1 0.000 0.93 L-Aug. 2017 0.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.323 -1.1 -0.004 0.66 L-Jul. 2017 -0.7

Housekeeping supplies

0.837 -0.7 -0.006 0.43 L-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Household cleaning products(4)

0.328 -1.5 -0.005 0.58 L-Jun. 2017 -1.1

Household paper products(4)

0.229 0.2 0.000 0.91 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.280 -0.4 -0.001 0.85 L-Aug. 2017 0.1

Apparel

3.101 -0.6 -0.019 0.84 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.762 -1.2 -0.010 1.63 L-Mar. 2017 0.3

Men's apparel

0.605 -0.3 -0.002 1.46 L-Mar. 2017 0.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.099 -1.3 -0.001 4.01 L-Mar. 2017 4.0

Men's furnishings

0.194 2.5 0.005 2.73 L-Sep. 2016 3.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.170 -5.3 -0.010 2.24 S-Jul. 2015 -6.8

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 3.0 0.004 2.42 L-Dec. 2015 3.6

Boys' apparel

0.157 -4.7 -0.008 4.33 S-Jul. 2017 -5.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 -0.4 -0.006 1.43 S-Jun. 2017 -1.2

Women's apparel

1.059 -0.5 -0.005 1.41 S-Jul. 2017 -0.6

Women's outerwear

0.073 3.2 0.002 5.83 L-Jul. 2016 5.5

Women's dresses

0.157 -0.3 0.000 4.76 S-May 2017 -0.6

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.478 -3.2 -0.016 1.51 S-Sep. 2015 -4.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.341 2.6 0.009 2.77 L-Apr. 2017 3.4

Girls' apparel

0.212 -0.1 0.000 3.55 S-Jun. 2017 -0.5

Footwear

0.682 -2.1 -0.015 1.27 S-May 2007 -2.2

Men's footwear

0.210 -0.7 -0.001 2.48 S-Feb. 2017 -1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 -0.2 0.000 2.83 S-Aug. 2017 -1.4

Women's footwear

0.301 -4.1 -0.013 1.71 S-Jun. 2014 -5.8

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.156 2.8 0.004 2.64 S-Aug. 2017 -2.9

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.230 3.3 0.007 4.61 S-Aug. 2017 0.9

Watches(8)

0.085 8.3 0.007 3.45 L-Feb. 2016 8.5

Jewelry(8)

0.145 0.4 0.001 7.24 S-Aug. 2017 -1.9

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

5.948 -1.8 -0.113 0.15 - -

New vehicles

3.543 -1.4 -0.051 0.24 S-Feb. 2009 -1.5

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -1.4   0.36 S-Feb. 2009 -1.6

New cars(5)

  -2.1   0.42 S-Dec. 2003 -2.1

New trucks(13)(5)

  -0.8   0.40 S-Apr. 2009 -0.9

Used cars and trucks

1.938 -2.9 -0.058 0.09 L-May 2016 -2.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.377 -0.6 -0.002 0.51 S-Feb. 2017 -0.9

Tires

0.224 -2.0 -0.005 0.71 S-Jan. 2017 -2.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.153 1.6 0.002 0.62 - -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  1.6   0.76 S-Aug. 2017 0.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  2.1   1.12 L-Aug. 2017 2.1

Medical care commodities

1.842 0.9 0.016 0.67 S-Jan. 2014 0.8

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.784 0.9 0.016 0.70 S-Jan. 2014 0.9

Prescription drugs(10)

1.432 1.0 0.015 0.86 S-Dec. 2013 0.8

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.352 0.4 0.001 0.88 L-Aug. 2017 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.059 0.5 0.000 1.06 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Recreation commodities(11)

1.716 -2.8 -0.050 0.44 L-May 2016 -2.6

Video and audio products(11)

0.204 -5.9 -0.013 1.09 S-Aug. 2017 -6.8

Televisions

0.096 -10.3 -0.011 1.79 S-Jun. 2017 -11.4

Other video equipment(4)

0.024 -4.0 -0.001 1.69 L-Jul. 2017 -3.0

Audio equipment

0.054 -4.6 -0.003 1.53 L-Jul. 2016 -3.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.023 6.4 0.001 2.71 - -

Pets and pet products

0.569 -0.7 -0.004 0.66 L-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Pet food(4)(5)

  -1.0   0.71 L-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  -0.7   1.52 L-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Sporting goods

0.417 -1.9 -0.008 1.01 S-Aug. 2017 -2.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.218 -2.4 -0.005 1.94 S-Aug. 2017 -2.4

Sports equipment

0.190 -1.4 -0.003 1.27 S-Aug. 2017 -2.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.039 1.5 0.001 1.92 S-Aug. 2017 1.5

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  2.1   1.84 S-Aug. 2017 2.0

Recreational reading materials

0.148 -0.8 -0.001 1.45 S-Oct. 2016 -1.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.088 0.6 0.001 1.35 S-Oct. 2016 -0.3

Recreational books(4)

0.060 -2.7 -0.002 2.83 L-Jul. 2017 -1.3

Other recreational goods(4)

0.340 -6.5 -0.024 1.01 L-Feb. 2017 -6.5

Toys

0.270 -8.0 -0.024 1.25 L-Feb. 2017 -7.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -7.4   1.29 L-Mar. 2017 -6.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 2.5 0.001 2.11 S-Jul. 2017 -0.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.033 0.6 0.000 1.23 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.586 -2.6 -0.016 0.71 L-Aug. 2017 -2.5

Educational books and supplies

0.158 -1.3 -0.002 1.24 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

College textbooks(14)(5)

  -0.6   1.59 L-Aug. 2017 1.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.428 -3.2 -0.014 0.82 L-Jul. 2017 -3.1

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.260 -3.3 -0.009 0.96 L-Aug. 2017 -3.3

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.083 0.1 0.000 2.42 L-Jun. 2015 0.1

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.084 -5.8 -0.005 1.62 S-May 2017 -7.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.940 1.2 0.012 0.33 S-Jul. 2017 1.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.577 0.9 0.005 0.47 S-Aug. 2017 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 2.0 0.005 0.56 S-Aug. 2017 1.9

Distilled spirits at home

0.072 -0.5 0.000 0.90 S-Jul. 2017 -0.7

Whiskey at home(5)

  -1.4   0.95 S-May 2016 -2.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  -0.4   0.69 S-May 2017 -0.4

Wine at home

0.238 0.1 0.000 0.78 L-Sep. 2016 0.6

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.364 1.7 0.006 0.39 S-May 2016 1.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  2.0   0.61 S-Oct. 2016 2.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  0.9   0.55 L-Aug. 2017 1.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  1.3   0.79 S-May 2017 1.2

Other goods(11)

1.540 3.0 0.046 0.36 L-EVER -

Tobacco and smoking products

0.682 7.6 0.050 0.24 L-May 2017 7.6

Cigarettes(4)

0.618 7.7 0.046 0.25 L-May 2017 7.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.046 6.2 0.003 0.90 L-Jun. 2010 6.3

Personal care products

0.681 -0.6 -0.004 0.65 L-Jun. 2017 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.363 -0.3 -0.001 0.84 L-Jun. 2017 -0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.312 -1.0 -0.003 0.99 L-Jul. 2017 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.177 0.2 0.000 1.36 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  2.4   1.36 L-Jan. 2010 2.9

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  -2.7   2.23 L-Jun. 2017 -2.6

Services less energy services

59.977 2.7 1.594 0.07 L-Apr. 2017 2.7

Shelter

33.731 3.2 1.084 0.09 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

33.392 3.3 1.081 0.09 - -

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.895 3.7 0.288 0.13 S-Sep. 2016 3.7

Lodging away from home(4)

0.922 1.4 0.013 1.64 L-May 2017 2.3

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.121 2.3 0.003 0.26 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 1.2 0.010 1.97 L-May 2017 2.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

24.575 3.2 0.780 0.08 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

23.451 3.2 0.747 0.08 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.339 1.0 0.003 0.60 S-May 2017 1.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.174 3.2 0.037 0.42 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.891 3.4 0.030 0.55 S-Jun. 2014 3.4

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.283 2.7 0.008 0.26 L-Jun. 2014 2.7

Household operations(4)

0.851 3.2 0.027 1.96 L-Mar. 2016 3.4

Domestic services(4)

0.282 2.7 0.008 0.35 S-Apr. 2017 1.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.279 2.0 0.006 0.50 S-Nov. 2016 1.8

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.115 5.9 0.007 12.29 L-Jan. 2017 5.9

Repair of household items(4)

0.091 5.2 0.005 0.91 S-Mar. 2017 5.1

Medical care services

6.635 1.9 0.127 0.31 L-Jul. 2017 2.3

Professional services

3.088 0.4 0.012 0.40 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Physicians' services(10)

1.650 -0.6 -0.010 0.70 L-Jul. 2017 -0.6

Dental services(10)

0.810 1.6 0.013 0.45 L-Aug. 2017 1.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.315 0.6 0.002 0.81 L-Feb. 2017 1.2

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.313 2.5 0.008 0.68 L-Jun. 2017 2.5

Hospital and related services

2.553 4.5 0.114 0.34 L-Jul. 2017 5.3

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.285 4.9 0.109 0.40 L-Jul. 2017 5.7

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  3.9   0.80 - -

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  4.8   1.07 L-Jul. 2017 6.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.194 3.2 0.006 0.39 L-Jul. 2017 3.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.074 -1.4 -0.001 0.66 S-EVER -

Health insurance(7)

0.994 0.2 0.002 0.36 L-Aug. 2017 0.2

Transportation services

5.930 4.2 0.248 0.28 L-Jun. 2010 4.5

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.538 1.6 0.009 1.21 L-Aug. 2016 1.8

Car and truck rental(4)

0.102 -4.2 -0.004 3.47 S-May 2017 -6.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.157 2.8 0.032 0.41 L-Oct. 2009 3.0

Motor vehicle body work

0.057 2.3 0.001 0.58 S-Aug. 2017 2.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.672 3.1 0.021 0.63 L-Aug. 2009 3.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.386 2.2 0.008 0.51 L-Feb. 2017 2.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.559 8.2 0.199 0.49 - -

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.521 1.8 0.009 0.48 L-Dec. 2016 1.9

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.280 1.3 0.004 0.76 - -

Parking and other fees(4)

0.230 2.4 0.005 0.44 L-Dec. 2016 2.6

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  2.7   0.68 S-Jun. 2017 2.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

           

Public transportation

1.054 0.2 0.003 0.66 L-Apr. 2017 0.4

Airline fares

0.596 -1.3 -0.009 0.98 L-Apr. 2017 -0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.174 2.0 0.004 1.76 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

      1.86 - -

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

  3.8   1.38 L-Mar. 2017 6.0

Ship fare(4)(5)

  0.6   3.01 L-Apr. 2017 2.7

Intracity transportation

0.280 2.8 0.008 0.33 L-Feb. 2014 3.4

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  2.8   0.87 L-Mar. 2016 2.9

Recreation services(11)

3.933 3.7 0.145 0.33 S-Jul. 2017 3.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.678 5.8 0.094 0.36 S-Aug. 2017 5.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.580 6.2 0.094 0.34 S-Aug. 2017 6.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.099 -0.2 0.000 2.22 L-Feb. 2017 0.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -2.0   3.50 L-Feb. 2017 -1.6

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  1.0   0.82 S-Jul. 2017 0.5

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.369 1.9 0.007 0.50 S-Jul. 2017 1.8

Pet services(4)(5)

  1.1   0.67 S-Aug. 2017 1.0

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.0   0.84 S-Jun. 2017 1.6

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.048 -1.2 -0.001 0.81 S-Aug. 2017 -1.4

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  -1.1   0.82 S-Aug. 2017 -2.0

Film processing(4)(5)

  -1.8   1.62 S-Aug. 2017 -3.1

Other recreation services(4)

1.837 2.4 0.044 0.56 L-Aug. 2017 2.9

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.646 3.0 0.019 0.74 L-Aug. 2017 3.1

Admissions

0.642 1.6 0.010 1.22 - -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  3.1   1.19 L-Aug. 2017 3.5

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  -1.7   3.44 L-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.224 3.2 0.007 0.67 S-Mar. 2017 3.2

Education and communication services(11)

6.104 -1.7 -0.108 0.21 L-Feb. 2017 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.035 2.3 0.069 0.17 - -

College tuition and fees

1.798 2.2 0.039 0.19 L-Dec. 2016 2.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.319 3.6 0.011 0.31 S-May 2017 3.5

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.744 1.9 0.014 0.34 S-Apr. 2014 1.9

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.042 3.4 0.001 0.33 - -

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.137 3.3 0.004 0.50 L-Jan. 2015 3.4

Postage

0.130 3.1 0.004 0.53 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.007 6.5 0.000 0.83 L-Apr. 2012 7.2

Telephone services(4)

2.234 -7.1 -0.174 0.32 L-Feb. 2017 -3.0

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.516 -10.8 -0.188 0.43 L-Feb. 2017 -4.7

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.718 1.9 0.014 0.55 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.687 -1.0 -0.007 1.02 L-Jun. 2017 -0.2

Other personal services(11)

1.619 2.1 0.034 0.33 L-Aug. 2017 2.4

Personal care services

0.604 1.9 0.012 0.35 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.604 1.9 0.012 0.35 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

1.014 2.2 0.022 0.47 L-Aug. 2017 2.5

Legal services(8)

0.243 1.4 0.003 0.81 - -

Funeral expenses(8)

0.143 1.8 0.003 0.49 S-Jan. 2017 1.7

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.267 2.7 0.007 0.54 L-Jul. 2017 2.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.026 0.3 0.000 0.44 S-EVER -

Financial services(8)

0.236 2.9 0.007 1.55 L-Aug. 2017 3.4

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  0.2   2.77 S-Feb. 2015 0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  4.9   1.45 L-Aug. 2017 5.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.402 2.2 1.859 0.07 S-Aug. 2017 2.1

All items less shelter

66.269 1.4 0.957 0.08 S-Aug. 2017 1.3

All items less food and shelter

52.671 1.5 0.775 0.10 S-Aug. 2017 1.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.988 0.7 0.320 0.11 L-Apr. 2017 0.8

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.050 0.9 0.378 0.12 L-Apr. 2017 1.0

All items less medical care

91.522 2.1 1.898 0.06 S-Aug. 2017 2.0

All items less energy

92.317 1.7 1.586 0.06 L-Apr. 2017 1.7

Commodities

36.289 1.0 0.367 0.11 S-Aug. 2017 0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.804 -0.8 -0.131 0.21 S-Dec. 2010 -0.8

Commodities less food

22.690 0.8 0.184 0.16 S-Aug. 2017 0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

21.750 0.8 0.173 0.16 S-Aug. 2017 0.8

Services

63.711 2.6 1.675 0.07 L-Jun. 2017 2.6

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.319 2.0 0.594 0.12 L-Apr. 2017 2.1

Services less medical care services

57.076 2.7 1.547 0.07 L-May 2017 2.7

Durables

8.950 -2.2 -0.200 0.15 S-Nov. 2016 -2.3

Nondurables

27.338 2.1 0.567 0.13 S-Aug. 2017 1.9

Nondurables less food

13.740 2.9 0.385 0.24 S-Aug. 2017 2.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.800 3.0 0.373 0.26 S-Aug. 2017 2.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.699 4.2 0.392 0.17 S-Aug. 2017 4.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.639 3.9 0.404 0.16 S-Aug. 2017 3.7

Housing

42.750 2.8 1.184 0.08 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.690 -1.8 -0.124 0.19 L-Feb. 2017 -0.3

Education(4)

3.193 2.1 0.067 0.16 - -

Communication(4)

3.497 -5.1 -0.191 0.32 L-Feb. 2017 -2.7

Information and information processing(4)

3.359 -5.4 -0.196 0.33 L-Feb. 2017 -2.9

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.125 -1.8 -0.022 0.69 L-Jun. 2017 -1.8

Recreation(4)

5.649 1.7 0.095 0.25 L-Mar. 2009 1.7

Video and audio(4)

1.883 4.4 0.081 0.33 S-Aug. 2017 3.9

Pets, pet products and services(4)

0.938 0.3 0.003 0.43 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Photography(4)

0.088 0.0 0.000 0.99 S-Aug. 2017 -0.1

Food and beverages

14.538 1.3 0.194 0.09 L-Oct. 2015 1.6

Domestically produced farm food

6.536 0.6 0.040 0.16 L-Oct. 2015 0.8

Other services

11.656 0.6 0.070 0.17 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Apparel less footwear

2.420 -0.2 -0.004 1.01 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Fuels and utilities

5.101 2.8 0.138 0.16 - -

Household energy

3.927 2.6 0.101 0.20 S-Dec. 2016 2.5

Medical care

8.478 1.7 0.143 0.29 L-Aug. 2017 1.8

Transportation

15.634 3.2 0.489 0.13 S-Aug. 2017 2.8

Private transportation

14.581 3.4 0.486 0.13 S-Aug. 2017 3.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

6.211 -1.7 -0.106 0.19 - -

Utilities and public transportation

9.776 0.4 0.041 0.16 L-May 2017 0.5

Household furnishings and operations

3.918 -0.9 -0.038 0.47 - -

Other goods and services

3.159 2.5 0.080 0.26 L-Jul. 2017 2.5

Personal care

2.477 1.2 0.029 0.32 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: November 15, 2017