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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, March 14, 2023         USDL-23-0484
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - FEBRUARY 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4 percent in February on a seasonally
adjusted basis, after increasing 0.5 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 6.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, accounting for over
70 percent of the increase, with the indexes for food, recreation, and household furnishings and
operations also contributing. The food index increased 0.4 percent over the month with the food at home
index rising 0.3 percent. The energy index decreased 0.6 percent over the month as the natural gas and
fuel oil indexes both declined.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in February, after rising 0.4 percent in
January. Categories which increased in February include shelter, recreation, household furnishings and
operations, and airline fares. The index for used cars and trucks and the index for medical care were
among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 6.0 percent for the 12 months ending February; this was the smallest
12-month increase since the period ending September 2021. The all items less food and energy index rose
5.5 percent over the last 12 months, its smallest 12-month increase since December 2021. The energy
index increased 5.2 percent for the 12 months ending February, and the food index increased 9.5 percent
over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Feb. 2023
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023

All items

0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 6.0

Food

0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 9.5

Food at home

0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 10.2

Food away from home(1)

0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 8.4

Energy

-3.9 -1.7 1.7 -1.4 -3.1 2.0 -0.6 5.2

Energy commodities

-8.0 -4.1 3.7 -2.1 -7.2 1.9 0.5 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

-8.4 -4.2 3.4 -2.3 -7.0 2.4 1.0 -2.0

Fuel oil(1)

-5.9 -2.7 19.8 1.7 -16.6 -1.2 -7.9 9.2

Energy services

1.8 1.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.9 2.1 -1.7 13.3

Electricity

1.2 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.5 12.9

Utility (piped) gas service

3.5 2.2 -3.7 -3.4 3.5 6.7 -8.0 14.3

All items less food and energy

0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 5.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 1.0

New vehicles

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 5.8

Used cars and trucks

-0.2 -1.1 -1.7 -2.0 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8 -13.6

Apparel

0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 3.3

Medical care commodities(1)

0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.1 3.2

Services less energy services

0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 7.3

Shelter

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 8.1

Transportation services

1.0 1.9 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 14.6

Medical care services

0.7 0.8 -0.4 -0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.7 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent in February, and the food at home index rose 0.3 percent over the
month. Five of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for
nonalcoholic beverages increased 1.0 percent in February, after a 0.4-percent increase the previous
month. The indexes for other food at home and for cereals and bakery products each rose 0.3 percent
over the month. The index for fruits and vegetables increased 0.2 percent in February, and the index
for dairy and related products rose 0.1 percent.

In contrast, the meats, poultry, fish, and eggs index fell 0.1 percent over the month, the first
decrease in that index since December 2021. The index for eggs fell 6.7 percent in February following
sharp increases in recent months.

The food away from home index rose 0.6 percent in February, as it did in January. The index for limited
service meals increased 0.7 percent over the month and the index for full service meals increased 0.6
percent. 

The food at home index rose 10.2 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 14.6 percent over the 12 months ending in February. The remaining major grocery store
food groups posted increases ranging from 5.3 percent (fruits and vegetables) to 12.4 percent (other
food at home).

The index for food away from home rose 8.4 percent over the last year. The index for full service meals
rose 8.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for limited service meals rose 7.2 percent over
the same period. 

Energy

The energy index fell 0.6 percent in February, after increasing 2.0 percent in January. The natural gas
index decreased 8.0 percent over the month, the largest 1-month decrease in that series since October
2006. The fuel oil index fell 7.9 percent over the month, following a 1.2-percent decline in January.
In contrast, the gasoline index rose 1.0 percent in February, following a 2.4-percent increase in the
previous month. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 1.7 percent in February.) The index
for electricity increased 0.5 percent over the month.

The energy index rose 5.2 percent over the past 12 months. The fuel oil index rose 9.2 percent over the
last 12 months, while the index for electricity rose 12.9 percent, and the index for natural gas
increased 14.3 percent over the same period. The gasoline index decreased 2.0 percent over the span.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in February, after rising 0.4 percent in
January. The shelter index continued to increase, rising 0.8 percent over the month. The index for rent
rose 0.8 percent in February, while the index for owners' equivalent rent increased 0.7 percent over the
month. The index for lodging away from home increased 2.3 percent in February. 

The shelter index was the dominant factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in February was the index for recreation, which increased
0.9 percent, and the index for household furnishings and operations which increased 0.8 percent. The
airline fares index rose 6.4 percent, ending a string of four consecutive declines. The index for motor
vehicle insurance, the index for apparel, the index for personal care, and the index for new vehicles
also increased in February. In contrast, the index for used cars and trucks fell 2.8 percent in 
February, continuing a recent downward trend. 

The medical care index fell 0.5 percent in February, after falling 0.4 percent in January. The index for
physicians' services continued to decline, falling 0.5 percent after declining 0.1 percent in January.
The hospital services index and the prescription drugs index were unchanged in February. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.5 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter index
increased 8.1 percent over the last year, accounting for over 60 percent of the total increase in all
items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include motor
vehicle insurance (+14.5 percent), household furnishings and operations (+6.1 percent), recreation
(+5.0 percent), and new vehicles (+5.8 percent). 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 6.0 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 300.840 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.6 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 5.8 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 295.057 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.5
percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 6.2 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.6 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for March 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 12, 2023, at
8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and services.
The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers and urban
wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents over 90 percent of the
total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or 
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending 
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces,
and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the 
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than 
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of 
the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents approximately 30 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset
of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' and dentists'
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are 
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and 
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling 
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with 
the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are 
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected 
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, or web collection by the Bureau's 
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are
also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in
the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three
subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W,
the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals
100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively,
that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample
of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates
of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U.
These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S.
all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using
the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident
that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of
using index values to calculate percent changes:

 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal
adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the
previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2023.xlsx. 

For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm 
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

How to Use Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year - such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for
the time of year. 

The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before
adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in
escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some CPI
series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of
price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused
by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data 
during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time
series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment.
Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior adjusted" data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor
fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2023, BLS adjusted 57 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate
new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. 
Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject
to revision. For January 2023, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2018 to 
2022 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the Census 
X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2022 will be applied to data
for 2023 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2023 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally 
adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from "not
seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S.
city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not
seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be
changed. For 2023, 37 of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally
adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.  

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2022-
Feb.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023

All items

100.000 283.716 299.170 300.840 6.0 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4

Food

13.521 292.794 319.136 320.569 9.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Food at home

8.727 274.568 301.435 302.483 10.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.169 306.193 349.294 350.772 14.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.846 301.240 322.737 321.803 6.8 -0.3 0.8 0.7 -0.1

Dairy and related products

0.813 242.386 272.040 272.271 12.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.508 333.675 351.029 351.249 5.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.046 192.210 213.359 215.925 12.3 1.2 0.5 0.4 1.0

Other food at home

2.344 237.143 264.746 266.612 12.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3

Food away from home(1)

4.795 320.880 345.677 347.869 8.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6

Energy

7.076 267.771 283.330 281.673 5.2 -0.6 -3.1 2.0 -0.6

Energy commodities

3.556 313.522 305.643 309.280 -1.4 1.2 -7.2 1.9 0.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.147 384.179 455.595 419.629 9.2 -7.9 -16.6 -1.2 -7.9

Motor fuel

3.344 307.422 297.413 302.153 -1.7 1.6 -6.9 2.3 0.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.246 305.959 294.759 299.774 -2.0 1.7 -7.0 2.4 1.0

Energy services

3.520 235.017 272.840 266.353 13.3 -2.4 1.9 2.1 -1.7

Electricity

2.579 236.453 266.528 266.887 12.9 0.1 1.3 0.5 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.941 226.491 285.407 258.976 14.3 -9.3 3.5 6.7 -8.0

All items less food and energy

79.403 288.059 301.962 304.011 5.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.325 164.559 165.340 166.246 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Apparel

2.525 127.868 127.875 132.039 3.3 3.3 0.2 0.8 0.8

New vehicles

4.299 168.027 177.276 177.817 5.8 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.605 212.040 185.857 183.241 -13.6 -1.4 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8

Medical care commodities(1)

1.459 384.304 395.981 396.560 3.2 0.1 0.1 1.1 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.843 269.128 282.286 282.377 4.9 0.0 0.7 0.4 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.493 1,314.838 1,388.790 1,402.834 6.7 1.0 -0.1 0.7 1.0

Services less energy services

58.078 363.672 387.258 390.070 7.3 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6

Shelter

34.393 344.607 369.585 372.510 8.1 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Rent of primary residence

7.521 359.627 388.372 391.141 8.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.385 353.512 379.328 381.844 8.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Medical care services

6.591 586.177 601.551 598.778 2.1 -0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.7

Physicians' services(1)

1.838 407.984 415.197 413.034 1.2 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.934 371.745 385.064 384.996 3.6 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.0

Transportation services

5.752 333.919 376.743 382.801 14.6 1.6 0.6 0.9 1.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.110 331.130 371.780 372.572 12.5 0.2 1.0 1.3 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.528 584.317 658.513 668.806 14.5 1.6 0.7 1.4 0.9

Airline fares

0.574 222.227 264.629 281.216 26.5 6.3 -2.1 -2.1 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, February 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2022-
Feb.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023

All items

100.000 6.0 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4

Food

13.521 9.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Food at home

8.727 10.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.169 14.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 14.2 -0.2 0.1 1.3 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 19.8 0.1 0.9 -0.9 0.8

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.146 12.5 -1.1 1.1 0.4 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 13.6 0.4 0.0 0.9 -0.1

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  12.5 -0.5 0.5 1.4 -0.5

Bakery products(1)

0.803 14.7 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.7

Bread(1)(2)

0.224 15.8 1.2 0.2 0.2 1.2

White bread(1)(3)

  16.0 0.4 1.3 -0.1 0.4

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  15.0 1.7 -0.7 0.8 1.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.118 14.3 1.1 0.3 1.2 0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.209 15.8 0.8 0.3 1.7 0.8

Cookies(1)(3)

  16.6 0.9 1.0 2.5 0.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  13.8 0.7 -0.4 1.1 0.7

Other bakery products

0.251 13.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.1 -0.7 2.6 -0.2 -0.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  14.6 1.1 -1.1 1.1 0.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  15.7 -0.8 0.0 1.2 -1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.846 6.8 -0.3 0.8 0.7 -0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.666 3.8 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.6

Meats

1.028 1.8 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5

Beef and veal

0.437 -1.4 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.156 0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.057 -2.4 -0.4 1.5 2.0 -1.4

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.179 -1.9 1.0 0.4 1.3 1.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 -4.4 -1.2 0.6 0.9 -1.2

Pork

0.335 1.5 0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.145 -0.3 -1.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5

Bacon and related products(3)

  -5.9 -2.5 -1.9 -0.6 -1.5

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  9.7 0.2 1.0 0.6 1.4

Ham

0.067 8.3 3.8 -0.7 3.0 3.3

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  8.6 4.0 -1.0 3.5 3.9

Pork chops(1)

0.044 2.4 2.3 0.2 -3.5 2.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.079 -1.6 0.9 0.3 -2.3 1.8

Other meats

0.255 9.6 0.2 0.5 -1.9 0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  11.0 1.7 3.1 -3.5 1.6

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  10.4 0.6 -0.2 -1.7 0.6

Poultry(1)

0.349 9.5 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.279 8.8 0.2 -0.6 -0.6 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  11.7 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  7.7 0.1 -0.8 -1.0 0.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.070 12.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Fish and seafood

0.290 4.6 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.142 4.0 0.2 -1.0 1.6 0.2

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.148 5.2 1.2 -0.1 -0.7 1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  7.6 3.0 2.2 -2.3 3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.2 0.9 -0.7 -1.0 1.2

Eggs(1)

0.180 55.4 -6.7 11.1 8.5 -6.7

Dairy and related products

0.813 12.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Milk(2)

0.202 8.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  6.9 -0.7 0.1 -0.5 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  9.0 0.3 0.0 -0.5 0.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.250 9.4 -0.3 0.5 -0.3 -0.3

Ice cream and related products

0.124 13.9 -0.7 -0.7 0.7 -0.7

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.238 19.2 1.1 0.2 -0.2 1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.508 5.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.129 2.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.7 -0.1

Fresh fruits

0.596 0.4 0.8 -1.1 0.8 0.4

Apples

0.084 5.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 -0.9

Bananas(1)

0.091 4.6 1.7 -0.4 1.5 1.7

Citrus fruits(2)

0.173 -1.2 1.1 -0.7 2.8 -0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -0.4 -0.9 -1.2 2.8 -1.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.247 -1.6 0.2 -0.8 -1.8 -1.4

Fresh vegetables

0.533 5.3 -2.0 0.4 -2.3 -0.7

Potatoes

0.087 13.5 2.4 0.7 -2.9 2.8

Lettuce

0.079 10.4 -6.1 3.5 -3.6 -4.7

Tomatoes

0.088 3.4 -2.3 3.1 -7.7 2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 2.9 -2.1 -0.6 -0.2 -1.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.380 14.2 1.8 0.9 0.1 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.195 14.5 1.0 0.7 -1.0 0.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  14.7 1.8 0.4 -1.3 0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  14.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.108 15.8 4.7 1.0 -0.1 4.5

Frozen vegetables(3)

  21.4 4.8 0.8 1.5 4.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.077 11.1 -0.4 1.2 2.5 -0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  6.0 -3.2 3.2 0.8 -3.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.046 12.3 1.2 0.5 0.4 1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.732 12.8 1.4 0.5 -0.1 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.308 12.7 0.8 1.3 -1.5 -0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 11.4 3.7 1.0 1.5 3.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.416 12.8 1.8 -0.3 1.2 1.8

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.314 11.3 0.8 0.1 0.9 0.5

Coffee

0.203 11.4 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  11.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  12.7 1.1 -2.2 3.6 1.1

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.110 11.3 1.6 0.1 0.5 1.6

Other food at home

2.344 12.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.304 11.7 0.5 0.4 1.7 0.5

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.040 14.8 2.2 0.9 0.0 2.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.194 10.6 -0.2 1.0 1.7 -0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.070 12.9 1.4 -0.8 0.8 1.5

Fats and oils

0.262 19.4 0.4 1.6 0.0 0.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.087 26.9 -1.0 2.0 -0.8 -1.0

Butter(3)

  20.7 -1.7 2.4 -1.7 -1.9

Margarine(1)(3)

  39.8 1.5 1.9 1.2 1.5

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 18.4 0.5 -0.7 1.3 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.114 15.3 1.5 3.3 -0.6 1.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  4.1 2.5 1.8 -0.5 2.5

Other foods

1.778 11.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.2

Soups

0.105 12.0 1.3 1.6 1.8 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.270 10.6 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2

Snacks

0.373 9.1 0.5 0.4 0.7 -0.9

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.357 13.1 1.7 1.0 0.3 1.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  9.2 1.8 0.0 0.6 1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  15.4 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.8

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  15.5 2.1 1.5 0.3 2.2

Other condiments(3)

  14.5 0.3 2.5 6.2 0.6

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.037 9.8 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.636 12.7 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.2

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  10.6 0.6 -0.3 2.8 0.3

Food away from home(1)

4.795 8.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.302 8.0 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.228 7.2 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.075 134.4 -0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  299.7 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.025 15.0 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.165 5.7 0.6 1.0 0.0 0.6

Energy

7.076 5.2 -0.6 -3.1 2.0 -0.6

Energy commodities

3.556 -1.4 1.2 -7.2 1.9 0.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.212 5.7 -5.2 -11.4 -3.9 -6.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.147 9.2 -7.9 -16.6 -1.2 -7.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.064 0.4 1.0 -0.5 -2.0 0.5

Motor fuel

3.344 -1.7 1.6 -6.9 2.3 0.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.246 -2.0 1.7 -7.0 2.4 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -2.5 1.6 -7.1 1.5 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -0.5 1.9 -5.6 1.8 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  1.2 2.2 -6.0 1.0 1.9

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.098 16.5 -2.0 -8.5 -4.2 -2.0

Energy services

3.520 13.3 -2.4 1.9 2.1 -1.7

Electricity

2.579 12.9 0.1 1.3 0.5 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.941 14.3 -9.3 3.5 6.7 -8.0

All items less food and energy

79.403 5.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.325 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.412 6.3 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.8

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.324 5.2 -1.3 0.4 1.0 -1.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.086 8.4 0.3 0.0 1.5 0.3

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.078 9.7 -3.3 1.7 5.8 -3.3

Other linens(2)

0.160 2.4 -1.2 -0.6 -0.2 -1.1

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.178 2.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.382 1.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.579 3.0 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.8

Other furniture(2)

0.210 1.7 1.8 0.2 -1.2 1.2

Appliances(2)

0.291 1.6 1.1 0.2 1.4 0.7

Major appliances(2)

0.108 -5.9 -1.0 0.8 -2.4 -1.3

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -5.1 -3.2 4.1 1.6 -3.2

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.181 6.2 2.3 -0.7 4.8 2.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.578 0.8 1.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.319 -1.3 1.3 -2.6 1.5 1.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.129 3.9 2.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.043 6.8 1.9 0.7 3.3 1.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.087 2.8 0.9 1.4 1.1 0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.069 11.8 2.6 1.5 0.6 2.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.273 11.7 0.9 1.5 -0.5 0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.556 12.5 4.0 1.2 1.5 3.9

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.972 10.4 0.5 0.3 1.4 0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.326 7.7 0.7 -0.1 1.2 0.7

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.177 10.8 -0.2 1.4 -0.9 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.469 12.1 0.7 0.0 2.3 0.7

Apparel

2.525 3.3 3.3 0.2 0.8 0.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.666 2.1 2.4 1.0 1.4 -0.4

Men's apparel

0.495 2.2 1.8 0.8 1.9 -1.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.069 3.7 -0.2 1.1 2.5 -4.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.180 3.9 1.4 -1.4 5.5 1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.118 0.9 6.3 1.0 -0.4 0.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.119 0.2 -0.8 0.8 1.0 -4.0

Boys' apparel

0.170 2.1 4.0 1.7 -0.8 4.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.016 4.3 5.4 -0.2 0.3 1.2

Women's apparel

0.846 3.8 5.3 -0.2 -0.1 1.0

Women's outerwear

0.046 -0.4 6.1 1.6 0.0 2.7

Women's dresses

0.087 2.6 12.9 -1.5 -1.2 6.5

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.381 4.2 6.2 0.3 -1.0 1.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.322 4.4 2.0 0.5 2.0 0.3

Girls' apparel

0.170 6.7 5.9 -0.2 2.2 1.9

Footwear

0.505 0.8 2.3 -0.3 -0.2 1.4

Men's footwear(1)

0.185 -0.2 0.4 -2.4 1.6 0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 -1.0 0.7 0.8 -0.9 -0.4

Women's footwear

0.199 2.9 5.1 -0.7 0.6 2.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 3.8 2.3 0.3 3.7 0.8

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.234 8.4 -1.1 1.6 1.3 1.5

Watches(1)(6)

0.037 3.2 1.8 -0.1 2.2 1.8

Jewelry(6)

0.197 9.6 -1.7 2.1 0.3 0.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.637 -3.2 -0.3 -0.6 -0.7 -0.9

New vehicles

4.299 5.8 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2

New cars(3)

  6.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  6.0 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.605 -13.6 -1.4 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.488 6.1 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.5

Tires(1)

0.332 4.3 -0.4 0.5 0.0 -0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 9.4 -0.7 -0.6 0.9 -0.7

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  7.2 -1.3 -1.2 1.4 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  12.1 0.0 0.3 -1.8 0.0

Medical care commodities(1)

1.459 3.2 0.1 0.1 1.1 0.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.346 2.9 0.1 0.0 1.2 0.1

Prescription drugs(1)

0.957 2.4 0.0 0.1 2.1 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.389 4.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.9 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.113 7.7 0.2 2.3 -0.8 0.2

Recreation commodities(8)

2.284 2.9 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4

Video and audio products(8)

0.286 -6.9 -0.8 -0.3 0.7 -1.4

Televisions

0.143 -14.8 -2.1 1.0 0.0 -3.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -7.5 0.7 -0.9 0.7 -1.1

Audio equipment(1)

0.057 2.9 1.2 -2.4 2.8 1.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.059 2.2 -0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Pets and pet products(1)

0.666 11.3 1.1 0.1 0.2 1.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  15.2 1.2 0.4 0.2 1.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  5.3 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.5

Sporting goods(1)

0.762 1.1 0.2 -0.5 0.5 0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.441 1.9 0.6 -0.6 1.1 0.6

Sports equipment(1)

0.312 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 5.8 1.0 3.1 -0.3 0.2

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  4.6 1.1 3.0 -1.1 1.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.112 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.3

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.061 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.052 -1.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 0.4

Other recreational goods(2)

0.438 1.6 1.7 1.0 -0.8 1.2

Toys

0.351 1.2 2.2 1.1 -1.2 1.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -0.1 0.4 0.0 -2.0 0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 1.2 -5.1 3.6 1.5 -5.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.051 4.5 1.9 -1.1 0.5 1.9

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.924 -10.5 -0.8 -0.9 -0.1 -0.8

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.098 2.6 0.0 0.2 -0.4 0.0

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  3.2 0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.827 -12.0 -0.9 -1.1 0.0 -0.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.369 -5.6 1.3 -2.4 0.3 1.3

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.023 -1.5 0.9 -0.9 0.5 0.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.434 -18.3 -2.8 0.4 -0.3 -2.8

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -25.1 -3.2 0.7 -1.1 -3.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.843 4.9 0.0 0.7 0.4 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.511 4.3 0.2 0.7 0.4 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.196 7.0 0.2 1.1 0.2 -0.1

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.087 2.4 0.2 -0.1 0.9 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.0 0.5 -0.3 0.8 0.5

Wine at home(1)

0.228 2.8 0.3 -0.2 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.332 6.2 -0.3 0.8 0.6 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.3 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  8.0 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.5

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 -0.8 1.4 0.3 -0.8

Other goods(8)

1.242 7.0 0.7 -0.1 0.8 0.7

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.493 6.7 1.0 -0.1 0.7 1.0

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.410 6.8 0.8 -0.1 0.8 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.077 6.1 2.1 -0.2 0.2 2.1

Personal care products(1)

0.596 6.7 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.311 8.6 0.7 0.5 -0.3 0.7

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.274 4.8 0.3 -0.8 1.0 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.152 8.7 0.8 0.1 3.1 0.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  13.1 0.1 2.5 0.5 -0.1

Services less energy services

58.078 7.3 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6

Shelter

34.393 8.1 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Rent of shelter(13)

34.019 8.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7

Rent of primary residence

7.521 8.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8

Lodging away from home(2)

1.114 6.7 4.5 1.1 1.2 2.3

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.161 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.952 7.4 5.3 1.2 1.5 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.385 8.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.001 8.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.373 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.059 5.2 0.8 0.2 0.9 0.8

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.759 4.6 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.7

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.300 6.9 0.9 0.2 0.9 0.9

Household operations(1)(2)

           

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.262 1.3 -1.3 1.7 0.5 -1.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.105 -1.0 -3.2 -1.3 0.5 -3.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

6.591 2.1 -0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.7

Professional services

3.585 2.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.838 1.2 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Dental services

0.915 6.6 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.311 1.3 0.3 0.4 -0.3 0.3

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.520 -0.9 0.3 -0.9 0.0 0.3

Hospital and related services(1)

2.270 4.0 0.1 1.1 0.7 0.1

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.934 3.6 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.0

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

  3.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 0.0

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  3.6 -0.1 1.4 0.5 -0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.188 6.2 1.1 0.4 1.4 0.9

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.148 7.1 0.5 0.2 1.6 0.5

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.737 -4.7 -4.1 -3.4 -3.6 -4.1

Transportation services

5.752 14.6 1.6 0.6 0.9 1.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

      1.5 1.0  

Car and truck rental(2)

0.120 -0.8 -1.2 0.8 3.0 -0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.110 12.5 0.2 1.0 1.3 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 9.2 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.573 9.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.422 17.7 -0.3 2.1 2.7 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.528 14.5 1.6 0.7 1.4 0.9

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.497 3.0 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.279 3.5 0.4 0.2 1.0 0.4

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.197 2.2 0.5 0.1 1.5 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.0

Public transportation

0.768 18.0 4.5 -0.5 -1.8 3.2

Airline fares

0.574 26.5 6.3 -2.1 -2.1 6.4

Other intercity transportation

0.049 2.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.0

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -3.2 0.7 1.4 -0.6 0.7

Intracity transportation(1)

0.142 1.1 -0.9 1.8 -1.1 -0.9

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.094 6.3 1.4 0.3 0.7 1.2

Video and audio services(8)

0.980 5.1 2.2 -0.5 0.6 1.6

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.863 4.8 2.5 -0.5 0.5 1.8

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.117 8.5 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  11.2 1.4 -0.9 -0.2 1.4

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  7.5 -0.3 2.2 0.8 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.540 10.5 2.1 -0.3 1.0 1.8

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  7.5 0.5 0.6 1.5 0.5

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  10.3 2.5 -0.4 0.5 2.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 8.6 1.2 -0.2 2.7 1.2

Other recreation services(2)

1.534 5.9 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.675 5.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.8

Admissions(1)

0.439 5.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.9 -0.2

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 4.2 4.5 0.4 4.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.185 7.3 -0.4 2.6 1.1 -0.4

Education and communication services(8)

4.891 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.161 3.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.186 2.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.305 3.7 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.568 5.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.074 7.7 1.3 0.6 1.5 0.2

Postage

0.063 6.7 1.4 0.6 1.2 0.0

Delivery services(2)

0.011 14.4 0.9 0.5 2.6 1.3

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.677 1.8 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.433 0.9 -0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.244 6.9 1.7 0.7 1.7 1.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.972 2.9 0.9 0.1 1.0 0.9

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.432 5.2 1.1 -0.2 0.5 1.1

Personal care services(1)

0.603 4.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.603 4.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.6

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.828 5.6 1.4 -0.4 0.8 1.4

Legal services(1)(6)

0.238 5.2 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.169 5.1 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.141 6.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.9

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 13.3 0.9 1.6 0.7 0.9

Financial services(1)(6)

0.177 4.8 2.8 -2.9 2.5 2.8

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  7.1 4.0 -3.5 3.5 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, February 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jan.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023
Feb.
2022-
Feb.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023
Nov.
2022-
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2022-
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2023-
Feb.
2023

All items less food

86.479 282.281 296.105 297.808 5.5 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4

All items less shelter

65.607 262.949 274.976 276.174 5.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.086 255.235 264.101 265.242 3.9 0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.010 256.529 264.519 266.085 3.7 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.405 256.942 268.746 270.667 5.3 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.4

All items less medical care

91.950 271.543 287.019 288.849 6.4 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.4

All items less energy

92.924 287.972 303.612 305.570 6.1 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4

Commodities

38.402 213.960 220.468 221.731 3.6 0.6 -0.7 0.4 0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.720 157.870 163.174 164.512 4.2 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food

24.881 178.425 178.367 179.508 0.6 0.6 -1.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

24.038 175.114 174.751 175.907 0.5 0.7 -1.4 0.3 0.1

Services

61.598 351.754 376.415 378.481 7.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.579 369.918 394.542 395.480 6.9 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.1

Services less medical care services

55.007 333.994 359.292 361.699 8.3 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Durables

12.558 128.109 125.749 125.825 -1.8 0.1 -0.8 -0.1 0.0

Nondurables

25.844 255.634 269.657 271.873 6.4 0.8 -0.7 0.8 0.4

Nondurables less food

12.323 224.264 228.378 231.189 3.1 1.2 -2.2 0.9 0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.480 221.502 225.060 228.028 2.9 1.3 -2.3 1.0 0.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.955 284.685 290.445 292.689 2.8 0.8 -3.0 1.2 0.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.798 281.800 288.197 290.240 3.0 0.7 -2.8 1.1 0.4

Housing

44.461 291.504 313.747 315.431 8.2 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5

Education and communication(2)

5.815 143.913 145.336 145.407 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1

Education(2)

2.259 278.380 287.509 287.651 3.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.1

Communication(2)

3.557 76.267 75.750 75.786 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.483 71.959 71.356 71.370 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.806 7.404 7.120 7.125 -3.8 0.1 -0.4 0.5 0.1

Recreation(2)

5.378 129.116 134.077 135.519 5.0 1.1 0.2 0.5 0.9

Video and audio(2)

1.265 112.225 113.362 115.056 2.5 1.5 -0.4 0.6 0.9

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.205 192.891 210.689 213.861 10.9 1.5 -0.1 0.6 1.4

Photography(2)

0.061 78.683 83.747 84.664 7.6 1.1 1.1 1.6 0.8

Food and beverages

14.364 291.244 316.705 318.050 9.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

7.300 283.829 312.052 312.657 10.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2

Other services

9.417 383.948 397.606 400.518 4.3 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.7

Apparel less footwear

2.019 119.350 119.789 123.971 3.9 3.5 0.4 1.0 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.791 279.032 315.652 309.960 11.1 -1.8 0.9 1.6 -1.4

Household energy

3.732 233.300 270.214 263.358 12.9 -2.5 1.0 1.8 -2.0

Medical care

8.050 536.932 551.422 549.487 2.3 -0.4 0.3 -0.4 -0.5

Transportation

16.734 253.150 257.874 259.712 2.6 0.7 -1.6 0.4 0.2

Private transportation

15.965 253.525 256.981 258.339 1.9 0.5 -1.7 0.5 0.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.998 126.822 125.343 125.178 -1.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

7.888 236.442 258.227 257.578 8.9 -0.3 0.6 1.3 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.277 140.306 147.352 148.826 6.1 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.8

Other goods and services

2.673 496.045 521.433 526.196 6.1 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.9

Personal care

2.180 252.862 265.504 267.871 5.9 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, February 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Feb. 2023 from: Percent change to Jan. 2023 from:
Feb.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022

U.S. city average

M

6.0 1.4 0.6 6.4 0.5 0.8

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

5.9 1.2 0.5 6.0 0.6 0.7

Northeast - Size Class A

M

6.3 1.4 0.6 6.1 0.8 0.8

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.4 1.0 0.5 5.9 0.4 0.5

New England(4)

M

5.1 1.1 0.2 5.5 0.4 0.9

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

6.2 1.3 0.7 6.3 0.7 0.6

Midwest

M

5.6 1.3 0.5 6.0 0.3 0.8

Midwest - Size Class A

M

5.4 1.1 0.4 5.9 0.2 0.7

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.7 1.4 0.5 6.1 0.4 0.8

East North Central(4)

M

5.6 1.3 0.4 6.2 0.3 0.9

West North Central(4)

M

5.4 1.2 0.7 5.6 0.3 0.5

South

M

6.4 1.4 0.6 6.9 0.5 0.8

South - Size Class A

M

6.4 1.3 0.7 6.9 0.3 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.4 1.5 0.6 6.9 0.6 0.9

South Atlantic(4)

M

6.4 1.2 0.6 6.9 0.3 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

6.5 1.8 1.0 6.6 0.8 0.8

West South Central(4)

M

6.3 1.6 0.5 7.0 0.7 1.1

West

M

6.0 1.4 0.5 6.3 0.5 0.9

West - Size Class A

M

6.2 1.6 0.4 6.6 0.9 1.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.7 1.2 0.7 6.0 0.0 0.6

Mountain(4)

M

6.7 1.3 0.7 7.2 0.3 0.5

Pacific(4)

M

5.7 1.5 0.4 6.0 0.6 1.1

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

6.1 1.4 0.5 6.4 0.6 0.9

Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.0 1.3 0.6 6.4 0.4 0.8

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

5.0 1.2 0.4 5.4 0.0 0.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

5.1 1.6 -0.3 5.8 1.3 1.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

6.0 1.2 0.4 6.0 1.0 0.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

7.2 1.5        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

6.1 1.2        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

7.0 1.9        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

5.2 1.9        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

           

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

6.9 2.0        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

8.5 1.2        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

5.3 1.8        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

8.0 1.4        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

5.9 0.8        

Urban Alaska

2

4.3 0.1        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      6.4 1.1  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      7.5 0.8  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      6.4 0.9  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      5.1 0.5  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      7.3 1.3  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      6.4 1.8  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      8.9 1.7  

Urban Hawaii

1

      5.2 0.3  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      4.4 -0.3  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, February 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.0 1.1 8.1 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.5 9.1

July 2022

0.1 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

0.1 0.0 8.1 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 8.1 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.7 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.2 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.6 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.6 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.2 6.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jan. 2023-
Feb. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jan. 2023-
Feb. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Food

13.521 0.4 0.052 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Food at home

8.727 0.3 0.022 0.13 S-May 2021 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.169 0.3 0.003 0.28 S-Aug. 2021 0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 -0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Jun. 2021 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 0.8 0.001 0.99 L-Dec. 2022 0.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.146 -1.1 -0.002 0.86 S-Jan. 2022 -1.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 -0.1 0.000 0.59 S-Aug. 2021 -0.1

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.80 S-Jun. 2022 -1.1

Bakery products(4)

0.803 0.7 0.006 0.37 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.224 1.2 0.003 0.56 L-Nov. 2022 2.0

White bread(4)(6)

  0.4   0.85 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  1.7   0.78 L-Nov. 2022 2.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.118 0.7 0.001 0.87 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.209 0.8 0.002 0.66 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.9   0.89 S-Oct. 2022 0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.7   1.29 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Other bakery products

0.251 -0.1 0.000 0.79 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.99 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.4   1.05 S-Dec. 2022 -1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.4   1.31 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.846 -0.1 -0.002 0.27 S-Dec. 2021 -0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.666 0.6 0.010 0.28 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Meats

1.028 0.5 0.005 0.34 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Beef and veal

0.437 0.6 0.003 0.54 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.156 0.2 0.000 0.67 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.057 -1.4 -0.001 1.57 S-Jun. 2022 -3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.179 1.2 0.002 0.83 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 -1.2 -0.001 0.91 S-Nov. 2022 -1.5

Pork

0.335 0.7 0.002 0.56 L-Sep. 2022 1.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.145 -0.5 -0.001 0.80 - -

Bacon and related products(6)

  -1.5   0.98 S-Dec. 2022 -1.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.4   1.08 L-Sep. 2022 1.6

Ham

0.067 3.3 0.002 1.28 L-Apr. 2021 4.9

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  3.9   1.75 L-Apr. 2021 5.1

Pork chops(4)

0.044 2.3 0.001 1.25 L-Jul. 2022 2.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.079 1.8 0.001 1.18 L-Sep. 2022 3.1

Other meats

0.255 0.1 0.000 0.54 L-Dec. 2022 0.5

Frankfurters(6)

  1.6   1.63 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.57 L-Oct. 2022 3.4

Poultry(4)

0.349 0.1 0.000 0.60 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.279 0.2 0.001 0.71 L-Sep. 2022 0.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.7   0.98 L-Jul. 2022 1.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.1   0.87 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.070 -0.4 0.000 1.16 S-Dec. 2021 -0.4

Fish and seafood

0.290 1.5 0.004 0.62 L-May 2022 1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.142 0.2 0.000 0.84 S-Dec. 2022 -1.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.148 1.9 0.003 0.89 L-Feb. 2022 1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  3.8   1.31 L-Mar. 2018 5.0

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.2   1.04 L-Jun. 2022 1.6

Eggs(4)

0.180 -6.7 -0.012 0.83 S-May 2020 -8.0

Dairy and related products

0.813 0.1 0.001 0.32 L-Dec. 2022 0.2

Milk(5)

0.202 0.2 0.000 0.47 L-Nov. 2022 0.8

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.0   0.62 L-Dec. 2022 0.1

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.1   0.51 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Cheese and related products(4)

0.250 -0.3 -0.001 0.53 - -

Ice cream and related products

0.124 -0.7 -0.001 0.86 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.238 1.3 0.003 0.69 L-Nov. 2022 1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.508 0.2 0.003 0.38 L-Nov. 2022 1.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.129 -0.1 -0.001 0.46 L-Nov. 2022 1.2

Fresh fruits

0.596 0.4 0.002 0.65 S-Dec. 2022 -1.1

Apples

0.084 -0.9 -0.001 1.14 S-Aug. 2022 -1.3

Bananas(4)

0.091 1.7 0.002 0.60 L-Jan. 2021 3.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.173 -0.2 0.000 1.19 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.8   1.53 S-Apr. 2022 -2.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.247 -1.4 -0.003 1.15 L-Dec. 2022 -0.8

Fresh vegetables

0.533 -0.7 -0.004 0.47 L-Dec. 2022 0.4

Potatoes

0.087 2.8 0.002 0.97 L-Sep. 2022 3.2

Lettuce

0.079 -4.7 -0.004 1.22 S-May 2019 -5.1

Tomatoes

0.088 2.0 0.002 1.08 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 -1.6 -0.004 0.65 S-Mar. 2020 -1.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.380 1.2 0.004 0.45 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.195 0.2 0.000 0.73 L-Dec. 2022 0.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.9   0.82 L-Oct. 2022 1.7

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.83 S-Apr. 2022 -0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.108 4.5 0.005 0.72 L-EVER -

Frozen vegetables(6)

  4.8   0.99 L-EVER -

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.077 -0.6 0.000 0.70 S-Jul. 2021 -0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -3.2   0.82 S-Jan. 2019 -3.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.046 1.0 0.010 0.40 L-Jul. 2022 2.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.732 1.0 0.007 0.47 L-Aug. 2022 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.308 -0.1 0.000 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 3.7 0.000 0.97 L-Feb. 2022 4.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.416 1.8 0.007 0.56 L-Apr. 2020 3.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.314 0.5 0.002 0.69 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Coffee

0.203 0.3 0.001 0.93 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.1   1.09 - -

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.1   1.03 S-Dec. 2022 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.110 1.6 0.002 0.76 L-Jul. 2022 2.4

Other food at home

2.344 0.3 0.007 0.23 S-Nov. 2022 0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.304 0.5 0.001 0.49 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.040 2.1 0.001 0.62 L-May 2022 2.4

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.194 -0.2 0.000 0.72 S-May 2022 -0.2

Other sweets(5)

0.070 1.5 0.001 0.82 L-Jul. 2022 1.8

Fats and oils

0.262 0.4 0.001 0.60 L-Dec. 2022 1.6

Butter and margarine(5)

0.087 -1.0 -0.001 1.08 S-Mar. 2021 -1.6

Butter(6)

  -1.9   1.34 S-Mar. 2021 -2.0

Margarine(4)(6)

  1.5   1.88 L-Dec. 2022 1.9

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 0.8 0.000 1.21 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.114 1.2 0.001 0.86 L-Dec. 2022 3.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  2.5   0.92 L-Jul. 2022 3.5

Other foods

1.778 0.2 0.004 0.27 S-Nov. 2022 0.2

Soups

0.105 -1.3 -0.001 1.22 S-Jan. 2021 -2.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.270 0.2 0.001 0.56 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Snacks

0.373 -0.9 -0.004 0.62 S-May 2021 -0.9

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.357 1.3 0.005 0.48 L-Jul. 2022 2.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.0   0.91 L-Oct. 2022 1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   1.19 L-Nov. 2022 0.8

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  2.2   0.76 L-Jul. 2022 2.9

Other condiments(6)

  0.6   1.27 S-Nov. 2022 -1.1

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.037 0.5 0.000 1.03 L-Oct. 2022 1.8

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.636 0.2 0.001 0.60 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  0.3   1.16 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Food away from home(4)

4.795 0.6 0.030 0.12 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.302 0.6 0.013 0.13 L-Oct. 2022 1.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.228 0.7 0.016 0.15 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.075 -0.2 0.000 1.84 S-Feb. 2022 -2.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  -0.1   0.80 S-Nov. 2022 -24.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.025 1.3 0.000 0.50 S-Nov. 2022 0.5

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.165 0.6 0.001 0.14 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Energy

7.076 -0.6 -0.041 0.20 S-Dec. 2022 -3.1

Energy commodities

3.556 0.5 0.019 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.212 -6.4 -0.013 1.27 S-Dec. 2022 -11.4

Fuel oil(4)

0.147 -7.9 -0.012 1.80 S-Dec. 2022 -16.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.064 0.5 0.000 0.66 L-Jun. 2022 0.6

Motor fuel

3.344 0.9 0.033 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -6.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.246 1.0 0.036 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  1.5   0.73 - -

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  1.0   0.62 S-Dec. 2022 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  1.9   0.62 L-Oct. 2022 3.7

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.098 -2.0 -0.002 0.35 L-Nov. 2022 2.3

Energy services

3.520 -1.7 -0.060 0.43 S-Apr. 2014 -2.2

Electricity

2.579 0.5 0.014 0.40 - -

Utility (piped) gas service

0.941 -8.0 -0.074 0.69 S-Oct. 2006 -8.1

All items less food and energy

79.403 0.5 0.358 0.04 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.325 0.0 -0.003 0.07 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.412 0.8 0.033 0.25 L-Aug. 2022 0.9

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.324 -1.3 -0.004 1.13 S-Dec. 2020 -1.3

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.086 0.3 0.000 1.09 S-Dec. 2022 0.0

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.078 -3.3 -0.003 2.27 S-Sep. 2022 -3.4

Other linens(5)

0.160 -1.1 -0.002 1.59 S-Jan. 2022 -1.9

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.178 0.2 0.002 0.50 L-Aug. 2022 0.5

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.382 0.8 0.003 0.71 L-Jul. 2022 1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.579 -0.8 -0.005 0.80 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Other furniture(5)

0.210 1.2 0.003 1.00 L-Sep. 2022 4.2

Appliances(5)

0.291 0.7 0.002 0.68 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Major appliances(5)

0.108 -1.3 -0.001 1.08 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -3.2   1.29 S-Oct. 2022 -7.8

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.181 2.3 0.004 0.78 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.578 0.1 0.001 0.63 L-Sep. 2022 0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.319 1.3 0.004 0.99 S-Dec. 2022 -2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.129 -0.4 0.000 0.84 S-Apr. 2022 -1.4

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.043 1.9 0.001 1.37 S-Dec. 2022 0.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.087 0.2 0.000 0.80 S-Nov. 2022 -0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.069 2.7 0.028 0.52 L-Oct. 2021 3.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.273 0.7 0.002 0.59 L-Dec. 2022 1.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.556 3.9 0.022 0.63 L-Oct. 2021 5.0

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.972 0.5 0.005 0.37 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.326 0.7 0.002 0.52 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.177 -0.2 0.000 0.52 L-Dec. 2022 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.469 0.7 0.003 0.52 S-Dec. 2022 0.0

Apparel

2.525 0.8 0.021 0.34 - -

Men's and boys' apparel

0.666 -0.4 -0.003 0.57 S-Sep. 2022 -0.5

Men's apparel

0.495 -1.5 -0.007 0.64 S-May 2020 -1.9

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.069 -4.7 -0.003 1.73 S-Apr. 2020 -11.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.180 1.4 0.003 0.75 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.118 0.4 0.001 1.19 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.119 -4.0 -0.005 1.37 S-Jan. 2014 -4.0

Boys' apparel

0.170 4.2 0.007 1.09 L-Jul. 2020 4.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.016 1.2 0.012 0.63 L-Oct. 2021 1.5

Women's apparel

0.846 1.0 0.009 0.64 L-Dec. 2021 1.4

Women's outerwear

0.046 2.7 0.001 1.66 L-Jan. 2022 3.8

Women's dresses

0.087 6.5 0.006 1.35 L-Mar. 2012 7.4

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.381 1.1 0.004 1.02 L-Aug. 2022 1.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.322 0.3 0.001 0.94 S-Nov. 2022 -0.4

Girls' apparel

0.170 1.9 0.003 1.48 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Footwear

0.505 1.4 0.007 0.43 L-Apr. 2021 1.8

Men's footwear(4)

0.185 0.4 0.001 0.72 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 -0.4 -0.001 0.98 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Women's footwear

0.199 2.9 0.006 0.63 L-Feb. 2002 2.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 0.8 0.001 1.35 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.234 1.5 0.003 1.24 L-Dec. 2022 1.6

Watches(4)(9)

0.037 1.8 0.001 0.76 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Jewelry(9)

0.197 0.5 0.001 1.66 L-Dec. 2022 2.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.637 -0.9 -0.069 0.03 S-Mar. 2022 -1.7

New vehicles

4.299 0.2 0.008 0.04 - -

New cars(6)

  0.2   0.11 S-Jun. 2022 0.2

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.2   0.07 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.605 -2.8 -0.073 0.02 S-Mar. 2022 -3.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.488 -0.5 -0.002 0.37 S-Jun. 2020 -0.7

Tires(4)

0.332 -0.4 -0.001 0.47 S-Mar. 2021 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 -0.7 -0.001 0.68 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.3   0.86 S-Oct. 2020 -2.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.0   0.65 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Medical care commodities(4)

1.459 0.1 0.002 0.21 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.346 0.1 0.002 0.22 S-Dec. 2022 0.0

Prescription drugs(4)

0.957 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Nov. 2022 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.389 0.4 0.001 0.66 L-Nov. 2022 0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.75 L-Dec. 2022 2.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.284 0.4 0.010 0.23 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Video and audio products(11)

0.286 -1.4 -0.004 0.47 S-Aug. 2022 -1.7

Televisions

0.143 -3.0 -0.004 0.66 S-Mar. 2019 -4.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 -1.1 0.000 1.02 S-Nov. 2022 -1.7

Audio equipment(4)

0.057 1.2 0.001 0.92 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.059 -0.4 0.000 0.58 S-Aug. 2022 -0.5

Pets and pet products(4)

0.666 1.1 0.007 0.40 L-Oct. 2022 1.3

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   0.50 L-Sep. 2022 1.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.77 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.762 0.2 0.001 0.48 S-Dec. 2022 -0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.441 0.6 0.002 0.67 S-Dec. 2022 -0.6

Sports equipment(4)

0.312 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 - -

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 0.2 0.000 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.0   0.99 L-Dec. 2022 3.0

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.112 0.3 0.000 1.00 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.061 0.2 0.000 1.45 L-Aug. 2022 2.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.052 0.4 0.000 1.00 L-Nov. 2022 1.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.438 1.2 0.005 0.57 L-Apr. 2021 2.2

Toys

0.351 1.6 0.005 0.65 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.1   0.72 L-Sep. 2022 0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -5.1 -0.001 1.24 S-Nov. 2022 -6.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.051 1.9 0.001 0.45 L-Jan. 2022 2.3

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.924 -0.8 -0.007 0.61 S-Dec. 2022 -0.9

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.098 0.0 0.000 0.67 L-Dec. 2022 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.1   0.95 L-Dec. 2022 0.2

Information technology commodities(11)

0.827 -0.9 -0.007 0.69 S-Dec. 2022 -1.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.369 1.3 0.005 0.91 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.023 0.9 0.000 1.80 L-Sep. 2022 1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.434 -2.8 -0.012 0.96 S-Oct. 2022 -3.4

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -3.2   1.18 S-Oct. 2022 -5.9

Alcoholic beverages

0.843 -0.3 -0.002 0.20 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.511 -0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Dec. 2021 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.196 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Jan. 2022 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.087 0.2 0.000 0.31 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.46 S-Sep. 2022 -1.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.37 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Wine at home(4)

0.228 0.3 0.001 0.40 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.332 -0.3 -0.001 0.25 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.33 S-Nov. 2022 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.41 L-Dec. 2022 1.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.34 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Other goods(11)

1.242 0.7 0.009 0.23 S-Dec. 2022 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.493 1.0 0.005 0.23 L-Aug. 2022 1.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.410 0.8 0.003 0.25 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.077 2.1 0.002 0.57 L-Jun. 2009 2.4

Personal care products(4)

0.596 0.5 0.003 0.35 L-Aug. 2022 1.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.311 0.7 0.002 0.45 L-Oct. 2022 0.8

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.274 0.3 0.001 0.44 S-Dec. 2022 -0.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.152 0.8 0.001 0.90 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.1   0.94 S-Aug. 2022 -0.2

Services less energy services

58.078 0.6 0.360 0.05 L-Dec. 2022 0.6

Shelter

34.393 0.8 0.259 0.06 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Rent of shelter(16)

34.019 0.7 0.253 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 0.7

Rent of primary residence

7.521 0.8 0.057 0.05 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Lodging away from home(5)

1.114 2.3 0.027 1.24 L-Oct. 2022 3.5

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.161 0.2 0.000 0.05 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.952 2.6 0.026 1.42 L-Oct. 2022 4.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.385 0.7 0.176 0.05 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.001 0.7 0.166 0.05 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.373 -0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Sep. 2022 -0.4

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.059 0.8 0.008 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.759 0.7 0.006 0.13 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.300 0.9 0.003 0.16 - -

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.262 -1.3 -0.003 0.31 S-Nov. 2022 -3.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.105 -3.2 -0.003 0.88 S-EVER -

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.591 -0.7 -0.046 0.10 - -

Professional services

3.585 -0.3 -0.011 0.15 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Physicians' services(4)

1.838 -0.5 -0.010 0.18 S-Mar. 2019 -0.5

Dental services

0.915 0.1 0.001 0.25 S-Jul. 2022 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.311 0.3 0.001 0.36 L-Dec. 2022 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.520 0.3 0.002 0.21 L-May 2022 0.7

Hospital and related services(4)

2.270 0.1 0.002 0.13 S-Nov. 2022 -0.5

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.934 0.0 0.000 0.15 S-Sep. 2022 0.0

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  0.0   0.28 S-Jun. 2022 -0.1

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  -0.1   0.28 S-Dec. 2021 -0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.188 0.9 0.002 0.16 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.148 0.5 0.001 0.24 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.737 -4.1 -0.030 0.10 S-Nov. 2022 -4.3

Transportation services

5.752 1.1 0.066 0.21 L-Sep. 2022 1.9

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.120 -0.5 -0.001 1.18 S-Nov. 2022 -1.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.110 0.2 0.002 0.40 S-Mar. 2022 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.9 0.001 0.30 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.573 0.5 0.003 0.51 L-Nov. 2022 0.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.422 -0.3 -0.001 0.64 S-Apr. 2022 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.528 0.9 0.022 0.22 S-Dec. 2022 0.7

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.497 0.4 0.002 0.22 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.279 0.4 0.001 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.197 0.5 0.001 0.47 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.0   0.52 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Public transportation

0.768 3.2 0.025 0.69 L-May 2022 11.1

Airline fares

0.574 6.4 0.038 0.95 L-May 2022 11.1

Other intercity transportation

0.049 0.0 0.000 0.65 S-Nov. 2022 -1.2

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.90 L-Dec. 2022 1.4

Intracity transportation(4)

0.142 -0.9 -0.001 0.60 L-Dec. 2022 1.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.07 - -

Recreation services(11)

3.094 1.2 0.037 0.20 L-May 2020 1.2

Video and audio services(11)

0.980 1.6 0.016 0.21 L-EVER -

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.863 1.8 0.016 0.18 L-Aug. 2005 2.1

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.117 0.0 0.000 0.91 S-Nov. 2022 -0.7

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   1.97 L-Aug. 2022 2.7

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.49 S-Dec. 2021 -0.5

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.540 1.8 0.010 0.31 L-Mar. 2022 2.3

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.53 S-Aug. 2022 0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  2.2   0.41 L-Mar. 2022 3.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 1.2 0.000 0.34 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

Other recreation services(5)

1.534 0.7 0.011 0.29 - -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.675 0.8 0.005 0.18 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Admissions(4)

0.439 1.1 0.005 0.69 L-Dec. 2022 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.54 S-Dec. 2022 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  4.2   2.96 L-Dec. 2022 4.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.185 -0.4 -0.001 0.38 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Education and communication services(11)

4.891 0.2 0.010 0.06 S-Oct. 2022 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.161 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-Dec. 2021 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.186 0.1 0.002 0.07 S-Oct. 2022 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.305 0.3 0.001 0.09 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Day care and preschool(12)

0.568 0.0 0.000 0.19 S-Jul. 2022 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Nov. 2022 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.074 0.2 0.000 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Postage

0.063 0.0 0.000 0.00 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Delivery services(5)

0.011 1.3 0.000 0.48 S-Dec. 2022 0.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.677 0.0 -0.001 0.06 S-Oct. 2022 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.433 -0.3 -0.005 0.04 S-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.244 1.7 0.004 0.21 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.972 0.9 0.008 0.21 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.432 1.1 0.015 0.18 L-Feb. 2022 1.2

Personal care services(4)

0.603 0.6 0.004 0.34 L-Nov. 2022 1.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.603 0.6 0.004 0.34 L-Nov. 2022 1.4

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.828 1.4 0.011 0.20 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.238 1.0 0.002 0.18 L-May 2022 1.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.169 0.2 0.000 0.19 S-Aug. 2022 -0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.141 0.9 0.001 0.36 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.9 0.000 0.69 L-Dec. 2022 1.6

Financial services(4)(9)

0.177 2.8 0.005 0.59 L-Mar. 2021 4.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.13 S-Oct. 2022 -0.5

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  4.0   0.81 L-Apr. 2018 8.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.479 0.4 0.318 0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

All items less shelter

65.607 0.2 0.111 0.05 S-Dec. 2022 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.086 0.1 0.058 0.06 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.010 0.2 0.099 0.05 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.405 0.4 0.172 0.06 L-Sep. 2022 0.6

All items less medical care

91.950 0.4 0.413 0.04 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

All items less energy

92.924 0.4 0.410 0.04 - -

Commodities

38.402 0.2 0.069 0.06 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.720 0.4 0.070 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 0.3

Commodities less food

24.881 0.1 0.017 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

24.038 0.1 0.019 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Services

61.598 0.5 0.300 0.05 S-Nov. 2022 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.579 0.1 0.034 0.08 S-Nov. 2022 0.1

Services less medical care services

55.007 0.6 0.333 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 0.5

Durables

12.558 0.0 -0.006 0.08 L-Aug. 2022 0.3

Nondurables

25.844 0.4 0.098 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Nondurables less food

12.323 0.6 0.075 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 -2.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.480 0.6 0.075 0.13 S-Dec. 2022 -2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.955 0.4 0.041 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 -3.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.798 0.4 0.040 0.11 S-Dec. 2022 -2.8

Housing

44.461 0.5 0.239 0.06 S-Nov. 2022 0.5

Education and communication(5)

5.815 0.1 0.003 0.10 S-Dec. 2022 0.1

Education(5)

2.259 0.1 0.002 0.07 S-Dec. 2021 0.1

Communication(5)

3.557 0.0 0.001 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.483 0.0 0.001 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.806 0.1 0.001 0.34 S-Dec. 2022 -0.4

Recreation(5)

5.378 0.9 0.047 0.15 L-EVER -

Video and audio(5)

1.265 0.9 0.012 0.20 L-Jul. 2020 1.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.205 1.4 0.017 0.26 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Photography(5)

0.061 0.8 0.000 0.47 S-Nov. 2022 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.364 0.3 0.050 0.09 S-Apr. 2021 0.3

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.300 0.2 0.014 0.14 S-Nov. 2022 0.0

Other services

9.417 0.7 0.062 0.08 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Apparel less footwear

2.019 0.7 0.014 0.41 S-Dec. 2022 0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.791 -1.4 -0.065 0.33 S-Apr. 2014 -1.7

Household energy

3.732 -2.0 -0.073 0.42 S-Apr. 2014 -2.3

Medical care

8.050 -0.5 -0.044 0.09 S-Oct. 1971 -0.5

Transportation

16.734 0.2 0.030 0.10 S-Dec. 2022 -1.6

Private transportation

15.965 0.0 0.004 0.10 S-Dec. 2022 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.998 -0.6 -0.052 0.11 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Utilities and public transportation

7.888 -0.3 -0.025 0.20 S-Jul. 2022 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.277 0.8 0.045 0.21 L-Aug. 2022 0.8

Other goods and services

2.673 0.9 0.024 0.15 L-Feb. 2022 1.1

Personal care(4)

2.180 0.9 0.019 0.17 L-Feb. 2022 1.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, February 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jan.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Feb. 2022-
Feb. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2022-
Feb. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 6.0   0.12 S-Sep. 2021 5.4

Food

13.521 9.5 1.268 0.19 S-Apr. 2022 9.4

Food at home

8.727 10.2 0.839 0.26 S-Mar. 2022 10.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.169 14.6 0.153 0.54 S-Jun. 2022 13.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 14.2 0.047 0.87 S-May 2022 12.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 19.8 0.011 2.29 S-Jun. 2022 19.2

Breakfast cereal

0.146 12.5 0.018 1.37 S-May 2022 12.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.159 13.6 0.019 1.09 S-May 2022 12.8

Rice(4)(5)

  12.5   1.25 S-Jun. 2022 11.9

Bakery products

0.803 14.7 0.105 0.69 S-Jul. 2022 14.2

Bread(4)

0.224 15.8 0.031 1.07 L-Dec. 2022 15.9

White bread(5)

  16.0   1.29 S-Nov. 2022 15.5

Bread other than white(5)

  15.0   1.48 L-Nov. 2022 15.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.118 14.3 0.016 1.60 S-Oct. 2022 13.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.209 15.8 0.028 1.33 S-Aug. 2022 14.4

Cookies(5)

  16.6   1.61 S-Sep. 2022 15.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  13.8   2.40 L-Dec. 2022 14.9

Other bakery products

0.251 13.2 0.030 1.36 S-Apr. 2022 11.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.1   2.06 S-Dec. 2021 2.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  14.6   1.86 S-May 2022 14.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  15.7   1.78 S-May 2022 14.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.846 6.8 0.128 0.47 S-Nov. 2022 6.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.666 3.8 0.066 0.49 S-Jun. 2021 0.6

Meats

1.028 1.8 0.020 0.54 S-Nov. 2022 1.1

Beef and veal

0.437 -1.4 -0.008 0.84 S-Dec. 2022 -3.1

Uncooked ground beef

0.156 0.3 0.001 1.09 S-Nov. 2022 -1.0

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.057 -2.4 -0.002 2.36 S-Dec. 2022 -3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.179 -1.9 -0.004 1.39 L-Jul. 2022 -1.5

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 -4.4 -0.002 1.90 S-Dec. 2022 -6.7

Pork

0.335 1.5 0.005 1.08 - -

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.145 -0.3 0.000 1.30 S-Apr. 2019 -0.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  -5.9   1.78 S-Oct. 2018 -7.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  9.7   1.96 S-Dec. 2022 9.0

Ham

0.067 8.3 0.006 2.56 L-Oct. 2022 9.1

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  8.6   2.65 L-Oct. 2022 8.7

Pork chops

0.044 2.4 0.001 1.97 L-Dec. 2022 2.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.079 -1.6 -0.001 2.44 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Other meats

0.255 9.6 0.023 1.03 S-Jan. 2022 8.2

Frankfurters(5)

  11.0   3.05 S-Jul. 2022 5.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  10.4   1.25 S-Jan. 2022 8.2

Poultry

0.349 9.5 0.033 1.28 S-Dec. 2021 9.5

Chicken(4)

0.279 8.8 0.025 1.34 S-Oct. 2021 8.8

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  11.7   2.82 S-Mar. 2022 10.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  7.7   1.75 S-Jul. 2021 6.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.070 12.6 0.008 2.65 S-Jul. 2022 12.0

Fish and seafood

0.290 4.6 0.013 1.00 L-Dec. 2022 5.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.142 4.0 0.006 1.48 L-Nov. 2022 5.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.148 5.2 0.007 1.31 L-Dec. 2022 6.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  7.6   1.98 L-Dec. 2022 8.6

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.2   1.78 S-Aug. 2021 3.4

Eggs

0.180 55.4 0.062 2.30 S-Nov. 2022 49.1

Dairy and related products

0.813 12.3 0.094 0.63 S-May 2022 11.8

Milk(4)

0.202 8.1 0.016 1.05 S-Jan. 2022 6.8

Fresh whole milk(5)

  6.9   1.33 S-Dec. 2021 4.9

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  9.0   1.24 S-Jan. 2022 6.5

Cheese and related products

0.250 9.4 0.024 0.90 S-May 2022 8.7

Ice cream and related products

0.124 13.9 0.016 1.67 S-Oct. 2022 13.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.238 19.2 0.038 1.16 L-Dec. 2022 21.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.508 5.3 0.076 0.64 S-Dec. 2021 5.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.129 2.6 0.029 0.78 S-Aug. 2021 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.596 0.4 0.003 1.09 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Apples

0.084 5.6 0.005 1.97 S-Oct. 2022 4.8

Bananas

0.091 4.6 0.004 1.38 L-Oct. 2022 4.8

Citrus fruits(4)

0.173 -1.2 -0.001 2.19 S-Oct. 2020 -1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -0.4   2.24 S-Oct. 2020 -2.5

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.247 -1.6 -0.005 1.87 S-Feb. 2020 -2.7

Fresh vegetables

0.533 5.3 0.026 0.87 S-Feb. 2022 4.3

Potatoes

0.087 13.5 0.011 1.49 L-Nov. 2022 16.2

Lettuce

0.079 10.4 0.004 1.85 S-Jul. 2022 8.6

Tomatoes

0.088 3.4 0.002 2.00 S-Oct. 2022 0.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.280 2.9 0.008 1.11 S-Dec. 2021 1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.380 14.2 0.047 0.74 S-Aug. 2022 14.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.195 14.5 0.024 1.14 S-Jul. 2022 14.0

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  14.7   1.47 L-Dec. 2022 18.2

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  14.3   1.60 S-Jun. 2022 14.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.108