Multifactor productivity in manufacturing, 2011

July 01, 2013

Manufacturing sector multifactor productivity increased at a 0.8-percent annual rate in 2011, reflecting a 3.1-percent gain in output and a 2.3-percent gain in combined inputs. It was considerably smaller than the 4.5-percent increase in 2010.

Multifactor productivity for the manufacturing, durable manufacturing, and nondurable manufacturing sectors, annual percent change, 2000–2011
YearManufacturingDurable manufacturingNondurable manufacturing/th>


















Durable manufacturing sector multifactor productivity increased 1.9 percent in 2011, following a 6.8-percent increase in 2010. Nondurable manufacturing sector multifactor productivity declined 0.3 percent in 2011, following a 2.1-percent increase in 2010.

From 2007 to 2011, multifactor productivity in manufacturing rose at a 0.6-percent annual rate compared to a larger 2.0-percent annual growth rate in the 2000–2007 period. Multifactor productivity in manufacturing has grown 1.3 percent annually from 1987 to 2011 (the series began in 1987).         

These data are from the Multifactor Productivity program. To learn more, see “Multifactor Productivity Trends in Manufacturing — 2011” (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL-13-1177. Multifactor productivity is designed to measure the joint influences on economic growth of technological change, efficiency improvements, returns to scale, reallocation of resources, and other factors, allowing for the effects of capital, labor, and intermediate inputs (energy, materials, purchased business services).   


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Multifactor productivity in manufacturing, 2011 on the Internet at (visited October 01, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.