Hours: Two surveys compared
January 06, 2005
The Current Population Survey (CPS) measure of hours worked is, on average, fairly close to the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) time-diary estimates of hours when the diary day is in the CPS reference week.
However, the CPS measure of actual hours in the reference week is about 5 percent higher than the hours data collected in ATUS for the other 3 weeks of each month. The fact that the CPS reference week was selected, in part, to avoid holidays both explains some of the difference and simplifies the task of tracking trends in work hours using CPS data.
Analysts must keep in mind, however, that a measure of monthly hours worked constructed from CPS weekly hours data would overstate actual hours worked during the month.
The data used here are from the Current Population Survey and the American Time-Use Survey. To learn more about their concepts, definitions, and data on working hours, see Harley Frazis and Jay Stewart, "What can time-use data tell us about hours at work?" in Monthly Labor Review, December 2004.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Hours: Two surveys compared on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2005/jan/wk1/art04.htm (visited June 24, 2016).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.
Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.
- A look at pay at the top, the bottom, and in between
The Spotlight examines how earnings and wages have changed over time and how they differ within a geographic area, industry, or occupation.