Gross job gains and losses in the first quarter

November 26, 2003

From December 2002 to March 2003, the number of job gains from opening and expanding establishments was 7.4 million, and the number of job losses from closing and contracting establishments was 7.9 million. Expanding and contracting establishments accounted for most of the jobs gained and lost.

Private sector gross job gains and losses, December 2002 to March 2003 (seasonally adjusted)
[Chart data—TXT]

In the first quarter of 2003, expanding establishments added 5.9 million jobs, while opening establishments added 1.5 million. Gross job gains were smaller than in the previous quarter at both expanding and opening establishments.

In the first quarter of 2003, contracting establishments lost 6.4 million jobs, while closing establishments accounted for a loss of 1.6 million jobs. There were more jobs lost to contraction than there were in the previous quarter, but fewer lost as a result of establishments closing.

These data are from Business Employment Dynamics. Data presented here are for workers in private industry covered by State unemployment insurance programs. Find more in "Business Employment Dynamics: First Quarter 2003" (PDF) (TXT), news release USDL 03-761.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Gross job gains and losses in the first quarter on the Internet at (visited September 26, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.